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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 312-321, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927667

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate whether cytokine profiles and virological markers might add value in monitoring the effects of peginterferon (PEG-IFN) therapy for hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#HBeAg positive patients with CHB were treated with PEG-IFN for 48 weeks. Clinical biochemical, and HBV serological indexes, as well as cytokines, were detected at baseline and every 12 weeks.@*Results@#A total of 116 patients with CHB were enrolled in this study; 100 patients completed the 48-week treatment and follow-up, of whom 38 achieved serum HBeAg disappearance, 25 achieved HBeAg seroconversion, 37 showed HBsAg decreases ≥ 1 log 10 IU/mL, 9 showed HBsAg disappearance, and 8 became HBsAb positive. The cytokine levels at baseline and during treatment were similar between the HBeAg disappearance group and non-disappearance group. The disappearance of HBeAg was independently associated with HBeAg levels at weeks 12 and 24, and with the HBeAg decline at week 24 ( P < 0.05). The HBsAg response was independently associated with HBsAg, the HBsAg decline, HBeAg, the HBeAg decline at week 12, and HBsAg at week 24 ( P< 0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was no significant correlation between the response to interferon (IFN) and cytokines during PEG-IFN treatment. The changes in virological markers predicted the response to IFN after 48 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Cytokines , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use
2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 733-738, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984165

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the genetic polymorphism of InDel loci in SifalnDel 45plex system in the Han population in Jiangsu Province and the Mongolian population in Inner Mongolia, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the system in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#SifaInDel 45plex system was used for genotyping in blood samples of 398 unrelated individuals from the above two populations, and allele frequencies and population genetic parameters of the two populations were calculated respectively. Eight intercontinental populations in the gnomAD database were used as reference populations. The genetic distances between the two studied populations and eight reference populations were calculated based on the allele frequencies of 27 autosomal-InDels (A-InDels). The phylogenetic trees and multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis diagrams were constructed accordingly.@*RESULTS@#Among two studied populations, the 27 A-InDels and 16 X-InDels showed no linkage disequilibrium between each other and the allele frequency distributions were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The CDP of the 27 A-InDels in two studied populations were all higher than 0.999 999 999 9, and the CPEtrio were all less than 0.999 9. The CDP of the 16 X-InDels in Han in Jiangsu and Mongolian in Inner Mongolia female and male samples were 0.999 997 962, 0.999 998 389, and 0.999 818 940, 0.999 856 063, respectively. The CMECtrio were all less than 0.999 9. The results of population genetics showed that the Jiangsu Han nationality, Inner Mongolia Mongolian nationality and East Asian population clustered into one branch, showing closer genetic relationship. The other 7 intercontinental populations clustered into another group. And the above 3 populations displayed distant genetic relationships with the other 7 intercontinental populations.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The InDels in the SifaInDel 45plex system have good genetic polymorphism in the two studied populations, which can be used for forensic individual identification or as an effective complement for paternity identification, and to distinguish different intercontinental populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phylogeny , Gene Frequency , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics, Population , Asian People/genetics , China , INDEL Mutation
3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 816-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862460

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of systemic group music therapy (SGMT) on social living function and life quality in patients with schizophrenia. Methods By systematic sampling, 160 patients were divided into intervention group (80 patients) and control group (80 patients).Patients in the intervention group were treated by SGMT, and the control group was treated by general care.Comparison was made before intervention and 18 months after intervention on the following:scores of social living function as determined by the Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL), Social Disability Screening Schedule (SDSS), and Social Maladjustment (SOC) scale.The WHO quality of Life-BREF scale was used to analyze score changes of patients′ life quality. Results ADL, SDSS and SOC scores of the patients in intervention group were significantly lower than those in control group (P values all 0.05).In comparison of the life quality scores, physical health, mental health and social relationship scores were higher in intervention group than those in control group(P values all < 0.05).There was no significant difference between two groups in environment scores(P>0.05). Conclusion Implementation of SGMT intervention can efficiently improve patients′ social living function and quality of life.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 783-791, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777132

ABSTRACT

Circadian rhythms widely exist in living organisms, and they are regulated by the biological clock. Growing evidence has shown that circadian rhythms are tightly related to the physiological function of the cardiovascular system, including blood pressure, heart rate, metabolism of cardiomyocytes, function of endothelial cells, and vasoconstriction and vasodilation. In addition, disruption of circadian rhythms has been considered as one of the important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial infarction. This review summarizes the recent research advances in the relationship between circadian clock and cardiovascular diseases, hoping to improve treatment strategies for patients with cardiovascular diseases according to the theory of biological clock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Circadian Clocks , Circadian Rhythm , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Heart Rate , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Vasoconstriction , Vasodilation
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 444-450, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816814

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To comprehensively evaluate the clinical effect, safety and cost of Qianlieshutong Capsules (QC) in the treatment of chronic prostatitis.@*METHODS@#We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, Springer, ProQuest, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP for randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the treatment of chorionic prostatitis with QC published from January 2000 to May 2018. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently completed the screening and evaluation of the articles, extraction of information, and meta-analysis of the included RCTs using the RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Totally 10 RCTs involving 1 796 cases were included in this study, in which the chronic prostatitis patients treated by the combination of QC and quinolones all showed a significantly better response than the controls (P < 0.05). QC combined with quinolones cost an average of ¥23 more than quinolones alone with a 1% increase of therapeutic effectiveness, ¥38.39 more with a 1-unit reduction of WBCs, and ¥38.84 more with a 1-point decrease in the NIH-CPSI score.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of QC with quinolones has a better therapeutic efficacy but a higher cost than quinolones alone in the treatment of chronic prostatitis.

6.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 40-40, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825802

ABSTRACT

Objective:To define the effect of PMMethods:Atmospheric PMResults:The organ coefficient of trachea in the group receiving 1.5 mg/kg PMConclusion:Atmospheric PM

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 545-548, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792747

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the characteristics of sexual network of 321 HIV positive MSM and HIV infection status among sexual partners in Zhejiang Province. Methods A cross-sectional study selected HIV positive MSM diagnosed between September, 2015 and September, 2016 were conducted in Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wenzhou in Zhejiang Province using self-administrated questionnaire. Information related to socio-demographic characteristics, risky behavior, size of sexual network were collected. Results A total of 321 HIV positive MSM were recruited in this study. 71.76% aged 20 to 40 years old and 51.71% were native. The rate of self-reported sexual behavior with stable homosexual partners, casual homosexual partners, spouse and other heterosexual partners at investigation were 37.78%, 45.00%, 36.56% and 66.67%. The rate of never using condom with stable homosexual partners, casual homosexual partners, spouse were 27.91%, 16.36% and 44.00%. HIV positive rate among stable homosexual partners, casual homosexual partners, spouse and other heterosexual partners were 28.26% , 3.77%, 11.43% and 0.00%. Conclusion The size of sexual network was large, especially in casual sexual network. Unsafe sexual behavior, like consistent condom use was low and multiple sexual partners . HIV infection was high among stable homosexual partners and spouse.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 541-546, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690433

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of lithium chloride (LiCl) on cell cycle of HK-2 cells and explore the possible pathways involved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HK-2 cells were treated with LiCl at different concentrations (5, 12.5, 20, and 25 mmol/L) for 12, 24, 48, or 72 h, and the changes in cell cycle and viability were detected using flow cytometry and CCK-8 assay, respectively. Western blotting was used to analyze the changes in the expressions of cyclin B1 and CDK1 (the two G2 phase-related proteins) and those of AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathway-related proteins in the treated cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LiCl treatment time- and concentration-dependently increased HK-2 cell percentage in G2 phase and decreased the cell vitality. The expressions of cyclin B1, CDK1, p-GSK-3β, and β-catenin increased and the expression of p-AKT decreased significantly in the cells as LiCl treatment time and concentration increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LiCl may cause HK-2 cell cycle arrest in G2 phase through activation of the AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathway.</p>

9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 452-456, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792619

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the awareness and related factors of HIV rapid test among commercial sex workers(CSWs)in order to improve the HIV rapid test service. Methods The cross-sectional survey was conducted among CSWs in WenzhouCity and Quzhou City which were divided into high-grade, middle-grade and low-grade. Face to face questionnaire surveywas conducted in the research investigation. The investigation content includes social demographic characteristics, rapiddetection of desire, sexual behavior and HIV testing services. EpiData 3.0 database was used for data entry. Statisticalsoftware SPSS21.0 was used in chi-square and logistic regression analysis of multiple factors. Results A total of 401 CSWswere observed, including 136 people in high-grade, 182 people in middle-grade and 83 people in low-grade. Twohundred and two people and 200 people were investigated respectively in Wenzhou and Quzhou City. The rate of willing toaccept the rapid HIV testing was 56.36%(226) . Analysis by logistic analysis, 30 years old of above(OR=3.312, 95%CI:1.427-7.691), commercial sexual behavior without using condom or casual usage in last 6 month(OR=4.560, 95%CI:2.348-8.855), more than 10 commercial sexual partners(OR=8.767, 95%CI: 2.993-25.677), and having HIV rapidtesting in last year(OR=7.784, 95%CI: 3.108-19.496) were influencing factors for willing to accept HIV rapid testing.Conclusion In CSW HIV/AIDS intervention, adult, few numbers of sexual partners need to be focused. Improving HIVrapid test service, condom using service, and promoting risk sexual awareness may improve the HIV rapid test acceptancewillingness and behavior.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1189-1195, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The normal range of red cell distribution width (RDW) level is <15%. Several studies have indicated that a high RDW level was associated with mortality in critically ill patients, and the patients with a high RDW level need increased focus in clinical practice. In view of the difficulty in defining the specific value of high RDW level, the key is to focus on the patient with the level beyond the normal upper limit. This study aimed to determine whether dynamic change of RDW levels, rather than the level itself, is predictive of death in elderly patients with septic shock when RDW level is beyond 15%.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between September 2013 and September 2015, the elderly septic shock patients with RDW level beyond 15% were enrolled in this study. The RDW levels were measured at enrollment (day 1), and days 4 and 7 after enrollment. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores were recorded simultaneously.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 45 patients, including 32 males and 13 females, were included in the final analysis. Based on their hospital outcomes, these patients were divided into the survivor group (n = 26) and the nonsurvivor group (n = 19). There were no significant differences in age, gender, body mass index, initial level of RDW, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores, and SOFA scores between survivors and nonsurvivors. At days 4 and 7 measurement, both RDW level (median [interquartile range]: day 4: 15.8 [2.0]% vs. 16.7 [2.0]%, P= 0.011; and day 7: 15.6 [1.8]% vs. 17.7 [2.5]%, P= 0.001) and SOFA scores (day 4: 7.0 [4.0] vs. 16.0 [5.0], P< 0.001, day 7: 5.5 [4.0] vs. 17.0 [5.0], P< 0.001) were significantly lower in survivors than those in nonsurvivors. Dynamic changes of RDW and SOFA scores in survivor group were significantly different from those in nonsurvivor group (all P< 0.05). Continuous increase in RDW level was observed in 10 of the 13 nonsurvivors, but only in 3 of the 26 survivors. The level of RDW7 and dynamic changes significantly correlated with their counterparts of SOFA scores (all P< 0.05), whereas the levels of RDW1 and RDW4 had no significant correlation with their counterparts of SOFA scores (all P> 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Continuous increase in RDW level, rather than the level of RDW itself, was more useful in predicting hospital death in elderly patients with septic shock when the level of RDW was >15%. The dynamic changes of RDW were highly correlated with the SOFA score in the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , APACHE , Critical Illness , Erythrocyte Indices , Physiology , Hospital Mortality , Observational Studies as Topic , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Prognosis , Shock, Septic , Blood , Mortality
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1209-1214, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286818

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway mediates advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs)-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in tubular cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human proximal tubular cells (HK-2 cells) exposed to AOPP-bovine serum albumin (BSA) were examined for expressions of p38 MAPK and phosphorylated p38 MAPK using Western blotting. Western blotting and quantitative RT-PCR were used to examine the protein and mRNA expressions of EMT markers E-cadherin and vimentin and endoplasmic reticulum stress marker glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78 in cells treated with SB203580 (an inhibitor of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway) prior to AOPP exposure. The cells treated with AOPPs following pretreatment with salubrinal (an inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum stress) were also examined for expressions of p38 MAPK and phosphorylated p38 MAPK.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>AOPP treatment induced the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in HK-2 cells. AOPP-induced decrease in E-cadherin expression and overexpression of vimentin and GRP78 were partly inhibited by pretreatment of the cells with SB203580. Salubrina partly suppressed AOPP-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in the cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>p38 MAPK signaling pathway, which is regulated by endoplasmic reticulum stress, might mediate AOPP-induced EMT in HK-2 cells.</p>

12.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 244-249, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence and analyze the risk factors of postpartum depression (PPD) in Tangxia Community, Guangzhou, a community representative of the process of urbanization in China.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 823 delivery women in Tangxia Community, Guangzhou were screened with the Chinese Version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale and Social Support Rating Scale. The risk factors were evaluated by self-made questionnaire based on literature interview combined with expert consultation. The data collected were analyzed using Student's t test and logistic regression in SPSS16.0.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of PPD in Tangxia Community, Guangzhou was 27.37%. Mutivariant logistic regression analysis identified mode of delivery, puerperant from one-child family, relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law and fetus gender as the risk factors of PPD while housing condition was negatively correlated with the incidence of PPD with OR value of 0.82.The the total score of social support rating scale, the score of objective support, subjective support and social utilization degree were significantly reduced in women with PPD in contrast with women without PPD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence of PPD was slightly higher than other regions of China. It's of great importance to distinguish risk factors in regional culture context and develop health promotion program in order to enhance the well-being of delivery women.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression, Postpartum , Epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Social Support , Surveys and Questionnaires
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