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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous cannulation for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, 66 cases who underwent non-cardiac surgery ECMO in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from May 2016 to April 2021 were collected. The demographics, model of ECMO support, type and size of arteriovenous cannulas, way of catheterization and complications were recorded and summarized. Patients were divided into percutaneous cannulation group and surgical cannulation group according to catheterization strategies. The demographics, duration of cannulation and ECMO support, ECMO weaning rate and hospital survival rate were compared among two groups. χ2 and nonparametric rank sum test were used for comparison. Results: Among the 66 patients who received ECMO, 38 were male and 28 were female, with age 44.5 (12.0, 83.5) months and weight 15.0 (10.0, 25.0) kg; 21 patients underwent percutaneous cannulation, with a success rate of 95% (20 cases). Point-of-care ultrasound was performed for all percutaneous cannulation cases. The duration of percutaneous cannulation was significantly shorter than that of surgical cannulation (26.0 (23.3, 30.3) vs. 57.0 (53.8, 64.0) min, Z=6.31, P<0.001). Successful percutaneous cannulation cases were aged 70.5 (23.8, 109.5) months, and their weight was 23.2 (13.6, 37.0) kg. Ten cases were initially given veno-venous (VV) ECMO support, and 10 cases were given veno-arterial (VA) ECMO support. ECMO arterial cannulas were sized from 8 F to 17 F, and venous cannulas sized from 10 F to 19 F. For VV-ECMO, the right internal jugular and femoral veins were used as vascular access, while VA-ECMO used right internal jugular vein-femoral artery or right femoral vein-left femoral artery approach. Only one patient suffered severe complication (superior vena cava perforation). There was no catheter-related bloodstream infection. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cannulation for ECMO can be performed with a high rate of success and safety in children.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Catheterization , China , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Vena Cava, Superior
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1604-1613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823310

ABSTRACT

To identify potential serum proteins that might serve as biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD), we performed comparative proteomic profiling of sera from AD and healthy control subjects using label-free LC-MS/MS. Our study identified 387 proteins, 61 of which showed significant changes in the serum of AD patients compared to healthy controls. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that some GO terms related to the pathogenesis of AD were significantly enriched in differentially expressed proteins, including cholesterol and lipid metabolism, inflammation, coagulation and hemostasis processes, and immune responses. Therefore, based on the above results and the consistency of protein content changes in the 8 comparison groups, 18 proteins were selected as candidate biomarkers. Protein-protein interaction results suggest that these 18 proteins can directly or indirectly interact with APP. Therefore, changes in the levels or functions of these proteins may affect Aβ metabolism and participate in the occurrence of AD, and have the potential to become AD blood biomarkers.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 68-75, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy of patient with adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).@*METHODS@#Seventy-seven ALL patients diagnosed in the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2018 to 2019 were selected. The immunotyping, fusion gene and gene mutation were detected by flow cytometry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and next generation sequencing (NGS).@*RESULTS@#Among 77 patients with ALL, 66 were B-ALL, 9 were T-ALL. CD7 and cCD3 were the most valuable for the diagnosis of T-ALL, CD19 and cCD79a were the most valuable for the diagnosis of B-ALL, and CD58, CD123 were highly expressed in B-ALL. Three fusion genes: BCR-ABL (20.8%), MLL-AF4 (5.19%) and E2A-PBX1 (2.60%) were detected by RT-PCR and 10 mutant genes were detected by NGS (the total detection rate was 33.47%). The highest mutation rates were IL-7R (6 cases), NOTCH1 (6 cases), TP53 (5 cases) and FLT-3 (4 cases). Patients with IL-7R, NOTCH1 and TP53 mutations showed poor response to induction chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The CD123, IL-7R, NOTCH1 and TP53 may be risk factors for prognosis, however, the increase of case number and prolonging of follow-up time are needed to further confirm.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 262-268, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687829

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of mono-functional alkylating agent MNNG to damage human gastric epithelial GES-1 cells and roles of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the process. The GES-1 cells were treated with MNNG (2 × 10 mol/L) for 24 h. The morphological changes of the GES-1 cells were observed under inverted microscope 2 d after treatment. The cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The apoptosis and cell cycle distribution of the GES-1 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA expressions of β-catenin, GSK-3β, c-Met and MMP7 in the GES-1 cells were detected by qPCR. The protein expressions of β-catenin, GSK-3β, p-GSK-3β and c-Met were determined by Western blot. The results showed that MNNG induced the injury of GES-1 cells and changed the normal cell morphology to irregular long spindle shape. MNNG induced the apoptosis of GES-1 cells and blocked the cell cycle progression obviously. MNNG up-regulated the mRNA expressions of β-catenin, GSK-3β, c-Met and MMP7, and increased the protein expressions of β-catenin, GSK-3β and p-GSK-3β. These results suggest that the damage of GES-1 cells induced by MNNG may be related to the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which will provide the basis for the study of cell model of gastric mucosal cell injury.

5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 408-415, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the comprehensive technical efficiency of the tertiary public hospitals in Beijing between 2006 and 2015 and explore its influencing factors, so as to propose corresponding policy suggestions.@*METHODS@#The data envelopment analysis was employed to evaluate the comprehensive technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency of the tertiary public hospitals in Beijing. Malmquist index model was used to analyze the changes of the above three dynamic efficiencies. Finally, randomeffect panel tobit model was utilized to analyze the influencing factors of the comprehensive technical efficiency.@*RESULTS@#The average comprehensive technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency of the tertiary public hospitals in Beijing were relatively high, and they had respectively increased from 0.44 and 0.51 in 2006 to 0.62 and 0.68 in 2015, and the highest proportion of two kinds of efficiency values was between 0.5 and 0.8. Most of the scale efficiency values distributed between 0.8 and 1.0, and the majority of hospitals were in a state of decreasing returns to scale. The total factor productivity of hospitals had been increasing at an average rate of 5.78% per year due to the double progress of technical efficiency and technology at annual rates of 3.77% and 1.94% respectively, further decomposing technological efficiency change, and the pure technical efficiency change increased at the speed of 3.21% per year, and the annual average rate of progress in scale efficiency was only 0.53%. The comprehensive technical efficiency was positively correlated with the turnover rate of beds, annual visits per doctor, the ratio of doctors to nurses, and negatively correlated with the number of beds, the ratio of outpatients to inpatients, the proportion of medical technical personnel, and the proportion of drugs.@*CONCLUSION@#Future health policies should strictly control the scale of tertiary public hospitals, pay attention to the innovation and application of hospital technology, change the hospital internal management level and management model, promote refined management, and achieve sustainable development.


Subject(s)
Efficiency, Organizational , Hospitals, Public
6.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 788-792, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the tri-relationship among the different types of early trauma,personality traits and obsessive-compulsive symptoms,and to analysis the mediating effects of maladaptive personality traits between early trauma and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.Methods:A total of 147 obsessive-compulsive patients were selected.The Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale (Y-BOCS) was used to measure the degree of obsessive-compulsive symptoms,the Early Trauma Inventory Short Form (ETI-SF) was used to measure the early trauma experience,the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used to measure the personality characteristics.Results:The emotional abuse subscale scores of ETI-SF were positively correlated with the total scores of Y-BOCS (r =0.19;P <0.05),the neuroticism scores of NEO-FFI were positively correlated with the total scores of Y-BOCS (r =0.31,P <0.001),while the agreeableness scores of NEO-FFI were negatively correlated with the total scores of Y-BOCS (r =-0.18,P <0.05).The pathway analysis showed the indirect effects from emotional abuse to Y-BOCS via neuroticism were 0.107 (95% CI:0.04-0.19,P < 0.05),the neuroticism play a completely mediated role.Conclusion:Early emotional abuse may be positively correlated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms,while the neuroticism may play a completely mediating role between the early emotional abuse and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

7.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 1291-1295, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661551

ABSTRACT

Recently, some progress has been made in the clinical study of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Human research has inherent limitation because of its non-invasive nature, while animal models can break through the shortcomings of human research, allowing us to more accurately study the pathophysiology of OCD. Therefore, many researchers tried to use genetic knockout animal models to further study the etiology of OCD. In this review, recent progress about this kind of research was reviewed.

8.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 1291-1295, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658632

ABSTRACT

Recently, some progress has been made in the clinical study of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Human research has inherent limitation because of its non-invasive nature, while animal models can break through the shortcomings of human research, allowing us to more accurately study the pathophysiology of OCD. Therefore, many researchers tried to use genetic knockout animal models to further study the etiology of OCD. In this review, recent progress about this kind of research was reviewed.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 339-346, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779598

ABSTRACT

Translating of scientific advances into clinical practice is a major challenge in the stroke research field in the past decades. There were many reasons involved:animal models might not accurately capture all aspects of clinical stroke in humans, the blind and randomized design principle was not closely followed, the inclusion and exclusion criteria was not previously established, sample size was inadequate, endpoint was not scientific nor blindly assessed, inadequate reporting of data and statistical flaws. To bridge the gap between experimental and clinical research, international consortia have attempted to establish standardized guidelines for study design and data report, which include optimizing animal models as well as experimental design, using innovative approaches to assess endpoint, making raw data and negative results available, establishing prior registration mechanism, conducting multicenter preclinical randomized controlled trials (pRCTs), systematic reviews and meta-analysis of preclinical studies, evolving the original focus on neuroprotection into a broader consideration of the role of neurovascular unit and ischemic cascade.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1397-1404, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320846

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to compare the acute toxicity of 999 Ganmaoling grain and its different ingredients, and investigate the influence of routine diet on the hepatic toxicity induced by Ganmaoling in mice, so as to provide experimental basis for the clinical safety evaluation. Mice were given a single dose of Ganmaoling grain or its different ingredients respectively by gavage, and then observed for 14 days. LD₅₀ values of Ganmaoling grain or its chemical ingredient and the maximal tolerated dose of its herb ingredient were determined. Mice were divided into starvation and diet group, a single dose of Ganmaoling grain was administered by gavage. LD₅₀ values were estimated after 14 day observation. Mice were divided into starvation and diet group. At the same time,control group was set up for each. A single dose of Ganmaoling grain was given. Serum biochemical indexes were detected, liver weight index was calculated and liver tissue morphological change was observed after 6 h. LD₅₀ values were 4.42, 0.64 g•kg⁻¹ for Ganmaoling grain group and chemical ingredient group, respectively. The maximal tolerated dose of the herb ingredient group was close to 24.24 g•kg⁻¹. The toxic symptom was basically similar in the Ganmaoling grain and the chemical ingredient group. The body weight and food intake were decreased to a certain extent in both groups. There were pathological changes of liver and heart tissue in some of the surviving animals. The animals in the Ganmaoling grain group exhibited a lighter toxicity and recovered faster than that in the chemical ingredient group. LD₅₀ values of Ganmaoling grain were 2.56, 6.93 g•kg⁻¹ for starvation and diet group respectively. TD₅₀ values were 1.29, 6.31 g•kg⁻¹ for starvation and diet group respectively. The toxicity of 999 Ganmaoling was less, which may be related to the reduction of toxicity after the combination of herb and chemical ingredients. Compared with starvation group, the values of LD₅₀ and TD₅₀ of diet group was significantly increased, and toxicity was decreased. From the point of view of safety, it is safer to use Ganmaoling in the absence of hunger or after meal. The above tests provide experimental basis for the clinical safety use of Ganmaoling.

11.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 403-407, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore characteristics and mechanism of renal injury caused by giving Radix Phytolaccae (RP) decoction in rats. METHODS: Rats were divided into three groups: normal control, high and low dose of RP groups which were administrated respectively with pure water or equal volume of RP at the doses of 20, 10 g·kg-1 daily by gavage for consecutive 49 d, and observed continually for 7 d after drug withdrawal. Blood sample was collected at different time points. The contents of serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CR) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The body and tissue weight were both weighed. The rations of every tissue weight to body weight were counted, respectively. HE, PAS or Masson stain were used in the slices of kidney samples at each treatment time point, and the renal histopathological changes were observed under light microscopy. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) and the contents of malon dialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) in kidney samples were measured with Kits. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, BUN in low dose group was significantly increased on day 49, BUN in high dose group was significantly increased on day 21, CR in low and high dose group were both significantly increased on day 35, with a time-dose-effect relationship. The renal histopathological change was characterized by renal tubular epithelial cell degeneration, necrosis, shedding, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and protein cast. Compared with those in the control group, the activity of GSH-px, and the ratio of SOD/MDA in the kidney were significantly decreased in high dose group, the tissue content of NO was increased, indicating that there was an increase of peroxide and lipid peroxidation in kidney. CONCLUSION: The renal injury caused by giving high dose of RP decoction in rats in a long period of time may be related to oxidative stress reaction.

12.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 65-71, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243214

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in Fas ligand (FasL) expression regulation during vascular lesion formation and to elucidate the potential mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SIRT1 and FasL protein levels were detected by Western blotting in either mouse arteries extract or the whole rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) lysate. Smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific human SIRT1 transgenic (Tg) C57BL/6 mice and their littermate wild-type (WT) controls underwent complete carotid artery ligation (ligation groups) or the ligation-excluded operation (sham groups). The carotid arteries were collected 1 day after operation. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the mRNA levels of SIRT1 and FasL. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to detect the effect of WT-SIRT1, a dominant-negative form of SIRT1 (SIRT1H363Y), and GATA-6 on the promoter activity of FasL. Flow cytometry assay was applied to measure the hypodiploid DNA content of VSMC so as to monitor cellular apoptosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SIRT1 was expressed in both rat aortic VSMCs and mouse arteries. Forced SIRT1 expression increased FasL expression both in injured mouse carotid arteries 1 day after ligation (P<0.001) and VSMCs treated with serum (P<0.05 at the transcriptional level, P<0.001 at the protein level). No notable apoptosis was observed. Furthermore, transcription factor GATA-6 increased the promoter activity of FasL (P<0.001). The induction of FasL promoter activity by GATA-6 was enhanced by WT-SIRT1 (P<0.001), while SIRT1H363Y significantly relieved the enhancing effect of WT-SIRT1 on GATA-6 (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Overexpression of SIRT1 up-regulates FasL expression in both flow-restricted mouse carotid arteries and serum-stimulated VSMCs. The transcription factor GATA-6 participates in the transcriptional regulation of FasL expression by SIRT1.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Carotid Arteries , Physiology , Fas Ligand Protein , Genetics , GATA6 Transcription Factor , Physiology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sirtuin 1 , Physiology , Up-Regulation
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3611-3617, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346897

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the characteristics of changes in neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalcin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in Phytolaccae Radix-induced kidney injury in rats and the significance of the combined detection.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Wistar rats were divided into three groups: high and low dose (crude drug 40, 20 g x kg(-1) x d(-1)) Phytolaccae Radix decoction groups and the control group, and orally administrated with distilled water or equal volume of Phytolaccae Radix decoction for 35 consecutive days. Their blood and urine samples were collected on day 7, 14, 21, 28, 35,42. The anatomical analysis was conducted for each group. The contents of serum total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CR) and urinary TP and ALB were detected-by means of biochemical analyzer. The concentrations of urinary NGAL, KIM-1 and IL-18 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The morphological changes of renal pathology were observed by light or electron microscopy. The curve areas of various serum or urine indexes and the combined detection were compared by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Rats were given Phytolaccae Radix decoction at the doses of 40, 20 g crude drug/kg daily for 35 consecutive days to induce kidney injury characterized by the degeneration of renal tubular epithelial cell and protein cast. The injury was partially reversible during the recovery period. Compared with the control group, the content of serum BUN, CR and urinary TP in each dose group mostly showed a downward trend. On day 21, the content of urinary ALB obviously increased till the end of administration. The contents of urinary NGAL, KIM-1 and IL-18 began increasing on day 7. Since day 14, high and low dose groups showed significant difference (P<0.01). The high dose group even showed notable changes during the recovery period. According to ROC analysis, the curve areas of NGAL, KIM-1 and IL-18 were 0.846, 0.837 and 0.863 (P <0.01), respectively, much higher than that of BUN and CR. The area of the combined detection was up to 0.947.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Urinary NGAL, IL-18 and KIM-1 could forecast and indicate the occurrence and development of renal injury to some degree, and show higher sensitivity and site specificity. The combined detection could further improve the test efficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Rats , Acute-Phase Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Interleukin-18 , Genetics , Metabolism , Kidney , Wounds and Injuries , Metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Genetics , Metabolism , Lipocalins , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar
15.
Microbiology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686409

ABSTRACT

The isolate XGH2321,which isolated from the rhizospheric soil of Rhizophora stylosa Griff in Dongzhaigang Mangrove Nature Reserve in China,was identified as a fungus in the genera of Penicillium based on its morphological characteristics and internal transcribed spacer(ITS) sequence analysis.After in-oculated in the modified CzapeK-DoX medium(consisted of 4% corn steep,0.3% NaNO3,0.05% KCl,0.1% K2HPO4,0.05% MgSO4,pH 7.4,9% salinity),and cultured under the condition of 28?C in a rotary shaker at 160 r/min for 7 days,the extracts of ethyl acetate and water-soluble from the fermentation broth showed the apparent antibacterial activities against the growth of Staphylococcus aureus,Sarcina lutea,and Bacillus subtilis with the minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) of 800 ?g/mL and 400 ?g/mL,respectively.While at the same time,these two extracts could also suppress the growth of the plant pathogen,Rhizoctonia solani with MIC of 400 ?g/mL and 200 ?g/mL,respectively.

16.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686235

ABSTRACT

The effect of phenol concentration on the structure and function of microbial communities,which were cultured in different conditions using coking wastewater biofilm as seeding,was investigated by Biolog and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis(DGGE)methods.The less number of bands of cultivated sam-ples on the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis fingerprint of 16S rRNA gene indicated reduction of di-versity after enrichment and cultivation.Some bands on the DGGE gel were significantly influenced by the phenol concentration in medium.The results of Biolog showed that the original biofilm sample had the highest substrate utility capacity as measured by average well color development(AWCD).But low concen-tration of phenol enriched sample S7 showed more diverse activity on the utility of Carboxylic acids.The principal component analysis(PCA)of Biolog data revealed that the metabolic patterns were similar when using the same phenol concentration,although the sample S7 much less similar to other cultivated samples.These results suggested that the enrichment and cultivation with phenol supplemented decreased the diver-sity and also changed the metabolic function of the microbial community.Lower phenol concentration in-creased the microbial community metabolic activity.The phenol degrading capacity of isolates from each samples indicated that the enrichment and cultivation condition had changed the type and property of cul-truable bacteria.Based on these results,we concluded that the different microorganisms will be isolated un-der different cultivation condition.

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