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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905294

ABSTRACT

Walking is the embodiment of the ultimate goal of the central nervous system at the level of biomechanics, which is of great significance to the formation of children's psychological and motor independence. It is necessary to improve walking mobile function to obtain independent mobile ability and the quality of daily life. The standard of routine walking training cannot be unified, and the evaluation index cannot be standardized and quantified. Robot-assisted lower limb rehabilitation is the research hotspot in the field of improving walking mobile function in neurological dysfunction in recent years, which is characterized by high-intensity and repetitive locomotion. This paper briefly introduced the development, classification and rehabilitation mechanism of robot-assisted lower limb rehabilitation, and summarized the application of robot-assisted gait training in the rehabilitation of walking mobile dysfunction of children with spastic cerebral palsy based on the framework of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Robot-assisted lower limb rehabilitation can significantly improve the range of motion, muscle strength and spatiotemporal parameters of spastic cerebral palsy, and significantly improve the short-term motor and balance function. However, the researches on reducing abnormal muscle tone, reducing energy expenditure and improving participation ability are still controversial, and the standard of long-term efficacy and intervention measures still needs to be further studied. In the future, it is necessary to carry out multi-center research with large samples, so that the robot-assisted lower limb rehabilitation can be used as a supplementary mean of routine physical therapy for children with spastic cerebral palsy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of robotic-assisted gait training on the motor function and walking ability for children with spastic cerebral palsy. Methods:From October, 2020 to April, 2021, 34 children with spastic cerebral palsy were randomly divided into control group (n = 17) and experimental group (n = 17). The control group received conventional physical therapy 60 minutes a day, while the experimental group received physical therapy and robotic-assisted gait training, 30 minutes a day respectively. They were assessed with 10-meter walk test (10MWT), 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), Physiological Consumption Index, Gross Motor Functional Measure (D and E dimensions), center of pressure envelope area, and Functional Ambulation Categories before training, eight weeks after training, and one-month follow-up. Results:Four cases dropped out. All the indexes improved in the experimental group after training (|t| > 3.219, P < 0.05), and they were stable as follow-up (|t| < 1.565, P > 0.05), except 10MWT (|t| > 3.491, P < 0.01); while they were better than those in the control group (|t| > 2.108, P < 0.05), except 6MWD. Conclusion:Robotic-assisted gait training can promote the recovery of motor, balance and walking for children with spastic cerebral palsy based on conventional physical therapy, and remain at least one month.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1318-1324, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the serological characteristics and molecular biological basis of 8 individuals with Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area.@*METHODS@#Serological tests were used to identify the blood groups of red cells. Molecular biological methods, including PCR-SSP for ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing for FUT1, were used to detect the genotypes of ABO and FUT1 which determined the expression of H antigen.@*RESULTS@#Eight individuals in the study were all the Para-Bombay phenotypes, including 4 cases of B@*CONCLUSION@#There are varieties of molecular genetic mechanisms for Para-Bombay phenotypes. In this study, the FUT1 mutations that cause Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area are mainly h3, h


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , China , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905732

ABSTRACT

This study described the significance of professional education in physical therapy in Capital Medical University School of Rehabilitation Medicine under the background of the World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) International Course Accreditation, analyzed the present problems of core curriculum system as well as the inevitable trends of carrying on the education reform of physical therapy, and the continuous reform program of core curriculum system in physical therapy based on the accreditation of the WCPT were suggested. The final purpose was to improve the quality of physical therapy talents substantially in order to achieve the standard of WCPT accreditation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772658

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical outcomes of a combined unilateral intraoral and extraoral reduction approach in the treatment of anterior temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation.@*METHODS@#Postural muscular chains were utilized in the biomechanical analysis of stomatognathic systems for improving TMJ repositioning approaches. A total of 87 patients with anterior TMJ dislocation were included in the present study. A combined unilateral intraoral and extraoral reduction approach was applied, and the clinical effects were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Biomechanical analysis reveal that reflexive contrac-tion of the maxillary muscle group was blocked sufficiently during the combined unilateral intraoral and extraoral reduction process. All dislocated TMJs were set successfully and efficiently with few complications.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Combined unilateral intraoral and extraoral reduction approach is an effective, convenient, and minimally invasive way to treat anterior TMJ dislo-cations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , General Surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335784

ABSTRACT

To explore the correlation between color of Glycyrrhiza uralensis and its quality evaluation,the colors of root bark and transverse section were determined by Precision Color Reader and Visual Analyzer,and the contents of six flavonoids and two saponins in G.uralensis were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC).The partial least squares regression(PLSR)method was employed to correlate the colors with component contents in G.uralensis. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the colors of root bark but significant or very significant differences(P<0.05,P<0.01)in the colors of transverse section between the wild and cultivated G. uralensis. Compared with those in the cultivated G. uralensis, the contents of liquiritin, isoliquiritin isoliquiritigenin and the contents of ammonium glycyrrhizinate, glycyrrhetinic acid were obviously significant or remarkably significant in the wild G. uralensis.The correlation results showed that there was a significant or very significant correlation between the colors and the effective component contents. This study provides a scientific basis to evaluate the quality of G.uralensis by color and a new reference for the traditional evaluation methods for Chinese drugs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 1291-1298, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669036

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the best intervention based on evidences of enteral nutrition support complicated with diarrhea in critically ill patients and evaluate its clinical effects.Methods Evidence was obtained using Evidence-based Nursing,and was implemented in clinical practice after localization,we formulated numing recommendations for regulating nurses' clinical practice regarding enteral nutrition support complicated with diarrhea in ICU patients;we conducted multiple online and offline training for nurses.The rate of diarrhea in ICU patients undergoing enteral nutrition support before and after using best evidence was compared,and awareness and implementation of best evidence among nurses before and after training were also compared.Results After adapting the best evidence,the rate of enteral nutrition associated diarrhea decreased from 25.58% to 13.89%;ICU nurses' diarrhea identification and evaluation,analysis of influencing factors of enteral nutrition associated diarrhea,selection of enteral nutrition formula,nasal feeding,etc.,were significantly improved (P<0.05);there was no significant difference in enteral nutrition infusion,and nutrition preparation and preservation (P>0.05);rare of implementation of best evidence in ICU nurses was greater than 80%.Conclusion Evidence-based practice can effectively prevent enteral nutrition associated diarrhea in ICU patients.Nurses can solve enteral nutrition associated diarrhea using scientific nursing methods through implementation of best evidence,in order to nursing quality.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275466

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix, with nourishing Yin, promoting blood circulation, and moisturizing dryness functions, is commonly used in clinical medicine. In order to investigate the effects and mechanism of Angelica sinensis(AS) on Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg in mice with asthma and Yin deficiency syndrome, asthmatic and Yin deficiency syndrome Balb/c mice models were established by injecting and inhaling ovalbumin(OVA) and thyroxin. The models were treated with dexamethasone(DXM), AS extract and AS extract+DXM, respectively. Pathological examination of lung tissues was conducted by HE staining, and ELISA was used to detect the levels of IL-4, IL-17, IFN-γ, TGF-β as well as retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor (RORγt). Results showed that AS could significantly improve the situation of inflammation infiltration, increase ratios of IFN-γ/IL-4 and TGF-β/IL-17, decrease the levels of RORγt in lung tissues. The AS+DXM group showed a best treatment effect. The results indicated that AS played a therapeutic role for asthma with Yin deficiency syndrome and improved airway inflammation by inhibiting the expression of RORγt in lung tissues and regulating the balance of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279249

ABSTRACT

To study the compatible mechanisms and compatible proportion of Shaoyao Gancao decoction, the intestinal absorption of main ingredients in Shaoyao Gancao decoction SG11 (Baishao-Zhigancao 1: 1) , SG31 (Baishao-Zhigancao 3: 1), Baishao water decoction S and Zhigancao (G) were investigated and compared using in vitro everted intestinal sac model and in situ single pass intestinal perfusion (SPIP) model. The concentration of paeoniflorin (PF), liquiritin (LQ) and mono-ammonium glycyrrhizinate (GL) in test samples and samples of intestinal sac and intestinal perfusion was determined by HPLC. The intestinal absorptive amount and absorption parameters were calculated. Results showed that in the everted intestinal sac model, three ingredients could be absorbed by duodenum, jejunum and ileum, and the absorption in the jejunum was best for all 3 ingredients. The absorption rate of three ingredients in SG11 was significantly higher than that in single decoction (P < 0.05), but had no significant difference compared with SG31. In SPIP model, the absorption rate constant K(a), the apparent absorption coefficient P(app) and the absorption rate of three ingredients in SG11 were significantly higher than those in single decoction. Parameters of PF and GL in SG11 were significantly higher than those in SG31, but had no differences of LQ. It proved that the compatibility of Baishao and Zhigancao could improve the intestinal absorption of PF, LQ and GL. The absorption of each ingredient in SG11 was better than that in SG31.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323682

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of three types of veneering porcelain on the bending strength of KAVO Y-TZP/porcelain layered structure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>KAVO zirconia ceramics were used as the substructure. To form Y-TZP/porcelain bilayered structure, a leucite-based veneering porcelain was fired on the zirconia substructures by slip-casting technique with dentin washbake, and two nano-fluorapatite-based veneering porcelains were fired on the zirconia substructures by either slip-casting or pressed-on technique with or without liner coverage. The bending strength was tested according to ISO 6872 standard, and the veneered surfaces of the fracture samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For covering KAVO zirconia core material, the conventional veneering slurry-porcelain combined with liner or wash firing had significant higher bending strength than pressed-on porcelain. SEM showed that the main failure type at the interface was adhesive failure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Thin layer sintering using washbake program or liner on KAVO zirconia surface increases the surface wettability, and this procedure may be indispensable when veneering on the surface of dental zirconia.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Porcelain , Dental Stress Analysis , Shear Strength , Zirconium
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290024

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of two methods of pigmentation on the flexural strength of dental Y-TZP/porcelain layered structure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>KaVo zirconia substructures were pigmented by dipping presintered blocks in the coloring solution VITA LL1 and LL5, and colored TZ-3YS zirconia substructures were fabricated by adding pigments before isostatic pressing. The colors No.1 and No.5 were used for the test. The specimens were made in monolithic or bilayered forms, and the flexural strength was tested. XRD and SEM with EDX were used to analyze the characteristics of the surface structure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In KaVo group, no significant differences were found in the flexural strength between white and LL1 and LL5 colored monoclinic materials, nor in bilayered structures. While in TZ-3YS group, significant differences were noted in the flexural strength between color No.5 white and color No.1 monoclinic materials, but not between the latter two subgroups. The flexural strength was significantly lowered by veneering with porcelain in both zirconia groups, and similar findings were observed with the monoclinic materials. Only the tetragonal phase was detected in both of the zirconia groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pigmentation has no apparent effects on the bonding strength between the veneering porcelain and zirconia. Both coloring methods are appropriate when the concentration of the pigments is under deliberate control.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Dental Materials , Dental Porcelain , Chemistry , Dental Stress Analysis , Dental Veneers , Materials Testing , Pigmentation , Tensile Strength , Yttrium , Chemistry , Zirconium , Chemistry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285152

ABSTRACT

In order to provide leads and ideas for the future clinical researches, overseas current randomized controlled trials on acupuncture for postoperative nausea and vomiting are studied in this article. Summarization is given on those overseas trials of the recent 20 years from aspects of effectiveness and advantages of acupuncture treatment, treatment methods and the best opportunity of treatment. The result indicates that the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting is basically approved by modern clinical researches. Further studies should be focused on the potential of influence on acupuncture effect by different types of anesthetics, durations of operation and sorts of surgery. Importance should also be attached on enhancing therapeutic effect of acupuncture treatment by applying proper differentiation of syndromes, as well as its benefit estimation on health economy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Therapeutics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257151

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effect of acupuncture is closely related to acupoints, and the specificity of acupoint indications is one of the key factors for regulatory and therapeutic effects of acupuncture. In recent years, a number of researches focusing on acupoint specificity have been done through comparison of the effects of acupoint and non acupoint. In this article, by analysis of recent 10 years' comparative studies of acupoints and non-acupoints, main problems in the existing researches are put forward including laying stress on the study of local effects, belittling the study on general effect; confused selection of acupoints and non-acupoints; lack of high-quality multi-central, ran domized and controlled trials with large sample; and the train of thought of the future research are probed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Psychology , Humans , Thinking
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