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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Maternal periconceptional folic acid supplement is by far the most effective primary prevention strategy to reduce the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in offspring. It was revealed that the underlying mechanisms are complex, including a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplement, the genetic polymorphisms of maternal folic acid receptor 1 gene (FOLR1) and folic acid receptor 2 gene (FOLR2) and the impact of their interaction on the risk of CHD in offspring, and to provide epidemiological evidence for individualized folic acid dosing in hygienic counseling.@*METHODS@#A case-control study on 569 mothers of CHD infants and 652 mothers of health controls was performed. The interesting points were periconceptional folate supplements, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of maternal FOLR1 gene and FOLR2 gene.@*RESULTS@#Mothers who took folate in the periconceptional period were observed a decreased risk of CHD [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=0.58, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.95]. Our study also found that polymorphisms of maternal FOLR1 gene at rs2071010 (G/A vs G/G: aOR=0.67, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.96) and FOLR2 gene at rs514933 (T/C vs T/T: aOR=0.60, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.84; C/C vs T/T: aOR=0.55, 95% CI 0.33 to 0.90; the dominant model: T/C+ C/C vs T/T: aOR=0.59, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.81; and the addictive model: C/C vs T/C vs T/T: aOR=0.70, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.88) were significantly associated with lower risk of CHD [all P<0.05, false discovery rate P value (FDR_P)<0.1]. Besides, significant interaction between periconceptional folate supplements and rs2071010 G→A (aOR=0.59, 95% CI 0.41-0.86) and rs514933 T→C (aOR=0.52, 95% CI 0.37 to 0.74) on CHD risk were observed (all P<0.05, FDR_P<0.1).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periconceptional folate supplements, polymorphisms of FOLR1 gene and FOLR2 gene and their interactions are significantly associated with risk of CHD. However, more studies in different ethnic populations with a larger sample and prospective designs are required to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Dietary Supplements , Female , Folate Receptor 1/genetics , Folate Receptor 2/genetics , Folic Acid/administration & dosage , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Hospitals , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920396

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) complicated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to provide countermeasures for the prevention of NAFLD. Methods A total of 348 patients with CHB admitted to our hospital from June 2018 to June 2021 were randomly selected and divided into experimental group (CHB combined with NAFLD, n=195) and control group (CHB, n=153) according to whether they had NAFLD or not. Basic data such as age, sex, BMI (kg/m2), history of diabetes, history of hypertension, and history of alcohol consumption were collected. Serum indexes such as liver function (AST, ALT, GGT, ALP, ALB), blood lipid (TG, ldl-c), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and virological indexes such as hepatitis B virus (HBV DNA) were collected. Results A total of 348 CHB patients were included in the study, including 195 (56.03%) patients with NAFLD. The high NAFLD incidence age was between 30 and 45 years old (163 cases, 46.84%). The incidence of NAFLD in male (131 cases, 70.81%) was significantly higher than that in female (64 cases, 39.26%) (χ2=35.005, P2=10.625, χ2=20.238, P45 years (χ2=2.005, P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the history of hypertension, ALT and ALP between the two groups (P>0.05). The differences in age, sex, BMI, history of diabetes, history of alcohol consumption, AST, TG, TG, FBG and FBG between the two groups were statistically different (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that increased BMI, AST, FBG and LDL were independent risk factors for NAFLD in CHB patients (P<0.05). Conclusions CHB with NAFLD often has glucolipid metabolic disorder, which is related to increased body mass index and AST. It is suggested that we should strengthen the health management of patients with high blood pressure, diabetes, overweight, and obesity, guide patient to balance their diet, adjust their diet structure, control their body weight and glycolipid abnormalities, adjust body fat, reduce blood pressure by drugs, and control blood sugar in a timely manner, and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of remifentanil on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway during intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis induced by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats.Methods:Thirty-six clean grade healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 200-250 g, aged 2 months, were divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) by a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), intestinal I/R group (I/R group) and remifentanil group (R group). Intestinal I/R was produced by occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 1 h followed by reperfusion in anesthetized rats.At 30 min before ischemia, 0.2 μg·kg -1·min -1 of remifentanil was infused intravenously for 5 min , followed by infusion of normal saline for 5 min, repeating for 3 cycles in group R. At 2 h of reperfusion, blood samples were collected from right ventricle to measure the concentration of diamine oxidase (DAO). The animals were then sacrificed and the intestinal tissues were obtained for examination of pathological changes and scored according to Chiu, for calculation of intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis rate (by TUNEL), for determination of the expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK), phosphorylated p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), cleaved caspase-3 and nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) in nucleoprotein and for calculation of p-ERK/ERK ratio, p-JNK/JNK ratio and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK ratio in the intestinal tissues. Results:Compared with group Sham, Chiu′s scores, serum DAO concentration, apoptosis rate, p-ERK/ERK ratio, p-JNK/JNK ratio and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK ratio and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and NF-κB p65 in the intestinal tissues were significantly increased in group I/R, and Chiu′s scores was increased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in serum DAO concentration, apoptosis rate, p-ERK/ERK ratio, p-JNK/JNK ratio, p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK ratio and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and NF-κB p65 in the intestinal tissues in group R ( P>0.05). Compared with group I/R, Chiu′s scores, apoptosis rate, serum DAO concentration, p-ERK/ERK ratio and expression of cleaved caspase-3 and NF-κB p65 were significantly decreased in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which remifentanil inhibits intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis induced by intestinal I/R is related to promoting activation of ERK in rats.

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 385-391, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903233

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Schizophrenia (SCZ) is one of the most common and severe mental disorders. Modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) is the most effective therapy for all kinds of SCZ, and the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. This study is aim to detect the molecule mechanism by constructing the transcriptome dataset from SCZ patients treated with MECT and health controls (HCs). @*Methods@#Transcriptome sequencing was performed on blood samples of 8 SCZ (BECT: before MECT; AECT: after MECT) and 8 HCs, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to cluster the different expression genes, enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) enrichment analysis were used to detect the related pathways. @*Results@#Three gene modules (black, blue and turquoise) were significantly associated with MECT, enrichment analysis found that the long-term potentiation pathway was associated with MECT. PPI enrichment p-value of black, blue, turquoise module are 0.00127, <1×10-16 and 1.09×10-13, respectively. At the same time, EP300 is a key node in the PPI for genes in black module, which got from the transcriptome sequencing data. @*Conclusion@#It is suggested that the long-term potentiation pathways were associated with biological mechanism of MECT.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 729-732, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873827

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common acute abdominal disease in clinical practice. As the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with the severity and prognosis of AP. This article elaborates on the mechanism of action of NAFLD in the development and progression of AP and further points out that NAFLD can induce AP and aggravate its severity through many ways.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884823

ABSTRACT

Objective:Metabolic syndrome (MS) patients and determine factors related to platelet hyperactivation.Methods:A total of 999 participants (822 males and 177 females) were enrolled. Participants were divided into two groups according to the metabolic index: MS group (501) and normal control (NC) group (498). Platelet function was tested with PFA100 (Siemens USA, Deerfield, Illinois) which measures the time it takes for blood to occlude an aperture (closure time, CT) following stimulation with collagen and adenosine diphosphate. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical software package, version 22.0 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA).Results:MS group had significantly shorter CT values compared with NC group (106.6±27.8s) vs (113.7±27.9s). Higher BMI, WC, BP, TC, TG, LDL-C, UA, and PRL were correlated with shorter CT values (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Our results indicated platelet hyperactivation exists in MS which was related to obesity and elevated blood pressure, blood lipids, uric acid, and PLR.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To synthesize Gd labeled probe targeting transporter protein(TSPO) 2-(8-amino-2-(4-chlorophenyl)imidazo[1, 2-a]pyridine-3-yl)- N, N-dipropylacetamide (CB86)-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), and investigate its MRI effect in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. Methods:CB86-DTPA was prepared by coupling a bifunctional chelating agent, and then chelated with Gd to obtain MRI targeted contrast agent CB86-DTPA-Gd. The cytotoxicity, MR relaxation rate and in vitro stability of CB86-DTPA-Gd were determined. RA model was established with Freund′s adjuvant and the biodistribution study and MRI was performed. The RA lesion and its surrounding normal tissue were used as regions of interest (ROI) to calculate the signal to noise ratio (SNR). Independent-sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results:CB86-DTPA-Gd had excellent biosafety and a good MR relaxation rate ( r1=11.05 mmol·L -1·s -1). The survival rate of RAW264.7 cells and 4T1 cells was still more than 90% at the maximum concentration (20 μmol/L) of Gd 3+. CB86-DTPA-Gd also exhibited good stability in human serum and phosphate buffer saline solution (PBS; pH=7.4). The in vivo biodistribution showed that CB86-DTPA-Gd had better inflammatory targeting efficiency, and the uptake of Gd in the inflamed site of the ankle joint was still (2.33±0.29) percent dose rate per gram of tissue (%ID/g) at 120 min after injection. MicroMRI showed that the inflammation of the right ankle joint displayed significant enhancement after the injection of CB86-DTPA-Gd and Gd-DTPA. The SNR of CB86-DTPA-Gd group was up to 23.21±1.44, and the maximum intensification time was 90 min after injection, and can be significantly inhibited by CB86-DTPA at all time points ( t values: 6.083-12.451, all P<0.05), while the Gd-DTPA group had a strengthening time of 30 min after injection with the SNR of 16.12±1.24. Conclusion:CB86-DTPA-Gd shows good macrophage targeting and good uptake in arthritic reaction sites, and is expected to be a novel MRI molecular probe for peripheral inflammation imaging.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 245-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of cardiovascular MR (CMR) T 1 mapping in evaluating myocardial injury in patients recovered from COVID-19. Methods:The clinical and image data of 15 patients with COVID-19 (9 with moderate clinical manifestation, 6 with severe clinical manifestation) who underwent CMR screening at 3 months after being discharged from the Second People′s Hospital of Fuyang City during May 2020 to June 2020 were prospective collected. Fifteen COVID-19 patients were selected as case group, and another 11 healthy volunteers were selected as control group. A standardized CMR protocol included cine, native and enhanced T 1 mapping, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Cardiac functional parameters, native T 1 value of left ventricular and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) were measured. One way ANOVA was used to assess the difference between CMR parameters among moderate and severe manifestation groups and control group, and LSD- t was used to assess the difference between the three groups. Results:LGE value was negative in all subjects. ECV values were higher in recovered COVID-19 patients with either moderate (27.9%±2.7%) or severe manifestation (30.0%±3.7%) than control group (23.2±1.9%) ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference of ECV values between recovered COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe manifestation ( P=0.100). There was no difference of native T 1 values and other functional and morphologic parameters of left ventricular and right ventricular among recovered COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe manifestation and control group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:CMR myocardial tissue ECV increase in patients who recovered from COVID-19, suggesting subclinical myocardial injury.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 24-28, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on the secretion of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) by high glucose injured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), so as to lay a foundation for further study on AS-IV improving angiogenesis by regulating SDF-1 α/CXCR4 axis of endothelial cells.Methods:HUVECs were isolated and cultured from the umbilical vein of full-term healthy newborns and identified by von Willebrand factor (vWF) combined with 4-diamino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) nuclear staining. The obtained HUVECs was cultured in EGM-2 medium with 30 mmol/L glucose for 120 h to obtain high glucose damaged HUVECs. After intervention with different concentration gradients (25 mg/L, 50 mg/L, 100 mg/L, 200 mg/L, 400 mg/L) AS-IV for 72 hours, the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method to determine the best concentration of AS-IV. The supernatant of damaged HUVECs were collected at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after intervention with the best concentration of AS-IV, and the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 were detected by ELISA method to determine the best action time of AS-IV. The damaged HUVECs was randomly divided into experimental group and control group, and the blank group was set up at the same time. The experimental group was treated with the best concentration of AS-IV and the best time, the control group and the blank group were treated with the same volume of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution, and the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in each group were detected by ELISA method.Results:The vWF factor on the cell membrane was green fluorescence, and the nucleus was blue after DAPI staining. When the fusion image showed green fluorescence, HUVECs were identified by blue fluorescence. The expression of SDF-1α in damaged HUVECs was the best when treated with AS-IV of 100 mg/L for 24 hours (1 642.87 pg/ml), and the expression of CXCR4 in damaged HUVECs was the best when treated with AS-IV of 50 mg/L for 48 hours (8.44 ng/ml). Compared with the control group, the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in the experimental group were significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). While the contents of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in the experiment group were slightly less than those in the blank group and there was no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:AS-IV can promote the expression of SDF-1α and CXCR4 in HUVECs damaged by high glucose to return to normal physiological level, so as to play the role of vascular repair and neovascularization.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different tidal volumes (VT) on the hemodynamics of right heart in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) rats induced by oleic acid (OA).Methods:Sixty adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into control group ( n = 20), ARDS model group ( n = 20), low VT (LVT) group ( n = 10) and high VT (HVT) group ( n = 10) by random number table. ARDS model was reproduced by injecting OA 0.15 mL/kg through a jugular vein. The control group was given the same amount of normal saline. The success of modeling was judged by the oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) 2 hours after modeling, at the same time, the lung tissues were collected, the wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio was determined, and the lung histopathological changes were measured by lung injury score. The rats in the LVT group and HVT group were given mechanical ventilation with VT of 6 mL/kg or 20 mL/kg for 4 hours, respectively at 2 hours after modeling. The rats in the control group and the ARDS model group maintained spontaneous breathing. After mechanical ventilation for 4 hours, the heart rate (HR), right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), the maximum rate of rising of right ventricular pressure (dp/dt max), and the blood pressure (BP) were measured. Meanwhile, arterial blood samples were collected for blood gas analysis, including pH value, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) and PaO 2/FiO 2. Results:The rats in the ARDS model group showed symptoms of respiratory distress 1 hour after modeling, and the lung tissue samples showed obvious patchy bleeding 2 hours after modeling, while the control group showed no such changes. The PaO 2/FiO 2 in the ARDS model group was significantly lower than that in the control group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 294.3±5.9 vs. 459.0±4.4, P < 0.01], and the lung W/D ratio and lung injury score were significantly higher (lung W/D ratio: 8.24±0.25 vs. 4.48±0.13, lung injury score: 0.60±0.03 vs. 0.12±0.02, both P < 0.01). It indicated that ARDS model was successfully reproduced. The arterial blood gas analysis and hemodynamic parameters of the ARDS model group were significantly worse than those of the control group. After 4-hour mechanical ventilation, the blood gas parameters of the LVT group were better than those of the ARDS model group and the HVT group [pH value: 7.36±0.02 vs. 7.24±0.02, 7.13±0.01; PaO 2 (mmHg): 92.4±2.1 vs. 61.8±2.3, 76.6±2.2; PaCO 2 (mmHg): 49.6±1.7 vs. 61.8±1.8, 33.6±1.3; PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 440.0±10.2 vs. 274.3±21.4, 364.7±10.5; all P < 0.05]. HR, BP and dp/dt max in the LVT group were significantly higher than those in the ARDS model group and the HVT group [HR (bpm): 346.9±5.4 vs. 302.3±10.1, 265.5±12.2; BP (mmHg): 125.4±2.2 vs. 110.0±2.5, 89.2±2.8; dp/dt max (mmHg/s): 1 393.3±30.3 vs. 1 236.4±20.5, 896.1±19.5; all P < 0.05], and RVSP was significantly lower than that in the ARDS model group and the HVT group (mmHg: 31.3±0.4 vs. 34.0±1.0, 38.8±0.9, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:Mechanical ventilation with low VT can improve the hemodynamic parameters of the right ventricle and protect the function of the right heart in ARDS rats.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880627

ABSTRACT

The causes for male sexual orientation are complicated, which have not yet been clarified. Recent years have witnessed fruitful progress in the field of biology, while the impact of environment has received little attention. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), identified as a special environment in the early stage of development, can affect the individual phenotype by DNA methylation. Given the relationships among male sexual orientation, ACEs, and DNA methylation, as well as based on the existing theory, this article proposes the model "ACEs-DNA methylation-male sexual orientation"from the perspective of environment and epigenetics, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for future research.


Subject(s)
Adverse Childhood Experiences , Child , DNA Methylation , Female , Humans , Male , Sexual Behavior
12.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 385-391, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895529

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Schizophrenia (SCZ) is one of the most common and severe mental disorders. Modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) is the most effective therapy for all kinds of SCZ, and the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. This study is aim to detect the molecule mechanism by constructing the transcriptome dataset from SCZ patients treated with MECT and health controls (HCs). @*Methods@#Transcriptome sequencing was performed on blood samples of 8 SCZ (BECT: before MECT; AECT: after MECT) and 8 HCs, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to cluster the different expression genes, enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) enrichment analysis were used to detect the related pathways. @*Results@#Three gene modules (black, blue and turquoise) were significantly associated with MECT, enrichment analysis found that the long-term potentiation pathway was associated with MECT. PPI enrichment p-value of black, blue, turquoise module are 0.00127, <1×10-16 and 1.09×10-13, respectively. At the same time, EP300 is a key node in the PPI for genes in black module, which got from the transcriptome sequencing data. @*Conclusion@#It is suggested that the long-term potentiation pathways were associated with biological mechanism of MECT.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888702

ABSTRACT

Oral immunosuppression caused by smoking creates a microenvironment to promote the occurrence and development of oral mucosa precancerous lesions. This study aimed to investigate the role of metabolism and macrophage polarization in cigarette-promoting oral leukoplakia. The effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on macrophage polarization and metabolism were studied in vivo and in vitro. The polarity of macrophages was detected by flow cytometric analysis and qPCR. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was used to perform a metabolomic analysis of Raw cells stimulated with CSE. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry were used to detect the polarity of macrophages in the condition of glutamine abundance and deficiency. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), wound-healing assay, and Annexin V-FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate)/PI (propidium iodide) double-staining flow cytometry were applied to detect the growth and transferability and apoptosis of Leuk-1 cells in the supernatant of Raw cells which were stimulated with CSE, glutamine abundance and deficiency. Hyperkeratosis and dysplasia of the epithelium were evident in smoking mice. M2 macrophages increased under CSE stimulation in vivo and in vitro. In total, 162 types of metabolites were detected in the CSE group. The metabolites of nicotine, glutamate, arachidic acid, and arginine changed significantly. The significant enrichment pathways were also selected, including nicotine addiction, glutamine and glutamate metabolism, and arginine biosynthesis. The results also showed that the supernatant of Raw cells stimulated by CSE could induce excessive proliferation of Leuk-1 and inhibit apoptosis. Glutamine abundance can facilitate this process. Cigarette smoke promotes oral leukoplakia via regulating glutamine metabolism and macrophage M2 polarization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Glutamine , Leukoplakia, Oral , Macrophages , Mice , Smoking , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 387-400, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914310

ABSTRACT

Insomnia has become a common central nervous system disease. At present, the pathogenesis of insomnia is not clear. Animal models can help us understand the pathogenesis of the disease and can be used in transformational medicine. Therefore, it is very necessary to establish an appropriate model of insomnia. Clinical data show that insomnia patients with high levels of thyroxine and often accompanied by cardiovascular problems, a common mechanism underlying all of these physiological disruptions is the sympathetic nervous system. Combined with the characteristics of chronic onset of clinical insomnia, an insomnia model induced by long-term intraperitoneal injection of thyroid hormone has been created in our laboratory. In this paper, the insomnia-like state of the model was evaluated based on three validity criteria. Face validity has been demonstrated in metabolism, the Morris water maze, electrocardiogram (ECG) and electroencephalogram (EEG). Structure validity has been proved by the results of targeted metabolomics. After treatment with diazepam, a commonly used clinical anti-insomnia drug, the above physiological and pathological disorders were reversed. The results of comprehensive analysis show that the established thyrotoxicosis-associated insomnia model meets the validity requirement to establish an appropriate animal model of insomnia. The model presented in this article might help to study pathogenetic mechanisms of clinical insomnia, as well as to test promising methods of insomnia treatment.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2740-2745, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837646

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression and clinical significance of OX40/OX40L (CD134/CD134L) in CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, monocytes, and B lymphocytes in peripheral blood of patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), and their overlap syndrome before and after standardized treatment. MethodsA total of 74 patients with AIH, PBC, and their overlap syndrome who were diagnosed in Subei People’s Hospital of Jiangsu from August 2015 to August 2019 were enrolled, and according to related diagnostic criteria, they were divided into AIH group (group A) with 29 patients, PBC group (group P) with 26 patients, and overlap syndrome group (group C) with 19 patients. A healthy control group with 30 individuals was also established. Peripheral blood samples were collected before and after standardized treatment to measure the expression of OX40/OX40L on the surface of peripheral blood cells by immunofluorescence flow cytometry, and the expression of OX40/OX40L was compared before and after treatment and between the three groups and the healthy control group to investigate its clinical significance. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups; the paired t-test was used for comparison of paired samples between two groups. ResultsThere were no significant differences in sex composition and age composition between the three groups (P>0.05). Before treatment, the positive rate of OX40 in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells gradually increased in groups A, P, and C, and groups A, P, and C had a significantly higher positive rate of OX40 than the control group (14.80%±4.99%/17.11%±2.71%/25.18%±5.55% vs 6.67%±2.26%, F=14.823, P<0.001); groups A, P, and C had a significantly higher positive rate of OX40 in CD8+ T cells than the control group (4.86%±1.54%/6.40%±1.88%/7.33%±2.12% vs 4.09%±2.69%, F=5.486, P<0.001); the positive rate of OX40L in CD14+ monocytes was 19.84%±6.11% in group A, 21.17%±4.35% in group P, 29.13%±6.32% in group C, and 4.86%±2.34% in the control group, and there was a significant difference between groups (F=17004, P<0.001); the positive rate of OX40L in CD19+ B cells was 17.62%±3.86% in group A, 14.75%±4.32% in group P, 1013%±2.56% in group C, and 4.50%±1.38% in the control group, showing a trend of gradual reduction, and groups A, P, and C had a significantly higher positive rate than the control group (F=12.221, P<0.001). After treatment, the positive rate of OX40 in CD8+ T cells decreased significantly to a similar level as the control group, and there was no significant difference between groups (F=0731, P=0.538). For the other three types of cells, although there were varying degrees of reduction in the positive rate of OX40/OX40L after treatment, groups A, P, and C still had a significantly higher positive rate than the control group; in CD4+ T cells, the positive rate of OX40 was 11.00%±1.98% in group A, 13.72%±1.03% in group P, 19.72%±3.47% in group C, and 6.67%±2.26% in the control group, and groups A, P, and C had a significantly higher positive rate than the control group (F=11.365, P<0.001); in CD14+ monocytes, the positive rate of OX40L was 11.82%±2.23% in group A, 15.19%±4.42% in group P, 24.51%±4.09% in group C, and 4.86%±2.34% in the control group, and groups A, P, and C had a significantly higher positive rate than the control group (F=13748, P<0.001); in CD19+ B cells, the positive rate of OX40L was 9.09%±3.25% in group A, 6.81%±2.20% in group P, 748%±2.85% in group C, and 4.50%±1.38% in the control group, and groups A, P, and C had a significantly higher positive rate than the control group (F=8.052, P<0.001). Groups A, P, and C had significant reductions in the expression of OX40/OX40L in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, CD14+ monocytes, and CD19+ B lymphocytes after treatment (all P<0.05). ConclusionThe expression of OX40/OX40L in peripheral blood increases in patients with AIH, PBC, and their overlap syndrome and decreases after treatment, indicating that the OX40/OX40L pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of the above diseases, and the role of OX40 on the surface of CD8+ T cells may better reflect the treatment outcome.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of family doctor system on the risk stratification of community hypertensive population by application of Markov modelMethods:Retrospective investigation was conducted on hypertensive patients under continuing management from 13 community health service centers in Shanghai Xuhui District from January 2014 to December 2016. Among 98 996 subjects, 50 920 (51.45%) were contracted to family doctors (contracted group) and 48 046 (48.55%) did not contracted to family doctors (non-contracted group). According to the risk stratification of hypertension, the four-state Markov model (low-risk, medium-risk, high-risk, and extremely high-risk) was established. The prediction effect of the model was validated, and the changes in the risk stratification status of hypertension in the study subjects from 2017 to 2020 was predicted by using the Markov model.Results:Among all subjects the number of medium-risk and extremely high-risk accounted for the majority(>80%). Compared with 2014, in 2016 the number of low-risk patients with hypertension was decreased from 9 042 cases (17.76%) to 6 851 cases (13.45%) in contracted group; and from 9 971 cases (20.75%) to 7 906 cases (16.46%) in non-contracted group; the number of people at extremely high risk of hypertension was increased from 15 609 cases (30.65%) to 17 639 cases (34.64%) in the contracted group; from 13 847 cases (28.82%) to 15 641 cases (32.55%) in the non-contracted group. According to the Markov model one year after the risk stratification, the risk status of most subjects remained in the original one. There was not transform from extremely high-risk to low-risk state (0%), but there was transform from low-risk to extremely high-risk state in some extend, and the degree of transform in non-contracted group [2.06%(205/9 971)] was higher than the contracted group [1.85%(167/9 042)]. Predicted by the Markov model, between 2017 and 2020 the number and proportion of the medium-risk>extremely high-risk>low-risk>high-risk in both contracted group and non-contracted group. With the extension of time, low-risk proportion is gradually reduces, and the rate of reduction of the contracted group was lower than that of the non-contracted group, while proportion of medium-risk, high-risk and extremely high-risk is gradually increased.Conclusions:The constructed Markov model is accruable and stable, which can be used in the study of hypertension prognosis. The study indicates that the contracted services of family doctor have positive effects on the management of community hypertensive patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the improvement and possible mechanism of dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) on the emotional memory of chronic alcoholism model mice.Methods:Twenty-four adult male C57/BL6 mice were randomly divided into control group (CON, n=8), model group (AT, n=8), treatment group (AT+ NBP, n=8). Mice in AT group and AT+ NBP group were administrated with alcohol to establish chronic alcoholism model. In the AT+ NBP group, the mice was administrated with NBP (40 mg/kg) by gavage once a day for 14 days during the alcohol modeling period. Ang the mice in AT group and CON group was given the same dose of corn oil by gavage.Open field test was used to evaluate anxiety-like behavior, tail suspension test to evaluate depression-like behavior, Morris water maze and new object recognition to evaluate memory ability, and TUNEL staining to evaluate the number of neuron apoptosis. The primary cultured neurons were interfered by alcohol and NBP at the cell level, and the calcium concentration in the neurons was detected by fluorescence calcium imaging. Descriptive analysis, t-test and one-way ANOVA were processed by SPSS 17.0. Results:The results of open field test showed that the exploration time of AT+ NBP group was longer than that of AT group ((50.68±7.82)s, (38.50±13.93)s; t=-2.16, P<0.05)). In the spatial memory test, the target quadrant exploration time of AT+ NBP group was longer than that of AT group ((28.02±7.13)s, (20.98±5.58)s; t=-2.20, P<0.05). In short memory test, the cognitive coefficient RI (0.83±0.08) of AT+ NBP group was higher than that of AT group (0.68±0.10) ( t=-3.13, P<0.05). Compared with CON group, the number of neuron apoptosis in prefrontal cortex in AT group increased ((17.33±2.51), (115.67±6.50); t=-24.41, P<0.001), and that in AT+ NBP group decreased compared with AT group((45.00±5.57)) ( t=14.29, P<0.001). The number of apoptosis neurons in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in AT group (13.75±4.79) was also less than that in the AT+ NBP group (5.75±3.30) ( t=2.75, P<0.05). Calcium concentration in nerve cells was detected that the three concentrations of alcohol (100 mmol/L, 200 mmol/L and 300 mmol/L) led to a significant increase in the RFU within the nerve cells (△F/F) ((1.43±0.32), (2.31±1.39), (1.21±0.73); t=-7.67, -2.85, -2.86, all P<0.05). In comparison, the changes of RFU in the three groups treated with NBP treatment were relatively stable ((0.04±0.01), (-0.03±0.01), (-0.04±0.02); t=7.96, 2.96, 2.92, all P< 0.05). Conclusion:The 3-n-Butylphthalide can improve the learning and memory ability of chronic alcoholism model mice, which may be related with the inhibition of neuron apoptosis and the influence of intracellular calcium homeostasis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879216

ABSTRACT

In order to accurately implant the brain electrodes of carp robot for positioning and navigation, the three-dimensional model of brain structure and brain electrodes is to be proposed in the study. In this study, the tungsten electrodes were implanted into the cerebellum of a carp with the aid of brain stereotaxic instrument. The brain motor areas were found and their three-dimensional coordinate values were obtained by the aquatic electricity stimulation experiments and the underwater control experiments. The carp brain and the brain electrodes were imaged by 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging instrument, and the three-dimensional reconstruction of carp brain and brain electrodes was carried out by the 3D-DOCTOR software and the Mimics software. The results showed that the brain motor areas and their coordinate values were accurate. The relative spatial position relationships between brain electrodes and brain tissue, brain tissue and skull surface could be observed by the three-dimensional reconstruction map of brain tissue and brain electrodes which reconstructed the three-dimensional structure of brain. The anatomical position of the three-dimensional reconstructed brain tissue in magnetic resonance image and the relationship between brain tissue and skull surface could be observed through the three-dimensional reconstruction comprehensive display map of brain tissue. The three-dimensional reconstruction model in this study can provide a navigation tool for brain electrodes implantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Carps , Electrodes , Electrodes, Implanted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of roxatidine and omeprazolein on preventing gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted in adult patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU), who had risk factors for stress related mucosal disease (SRMD), and had an estimated stay of no less than 5 days and mechanical ventilation for more than 48 h. Patients were randomized into the experiment group (Roxatidine 75 mg IV Q12 h) and control group (Omeprazole 40 mg IV Q12 h). Demographic data, acute physiology and chronic health score (APACHEⅡ) and SOFA score on day 1 were collected, intragastric pH values were tested every 2 hours for the first 5 days, the daily average of pH and proportion of patients with average pH≥4 were calculated. Stool occult blood were detected at day 1 and bacterial culture of gastric juice were performed before medication administration and on day 5 after medication administration. The implementation of enteral nutrition support, situation of gastrointestinal hemorrhage and adverse effects were analyzed. Furthermore, length of hospital stay and mortality in ICU and on the 28th day were acquired. SPSS 22.0 software was used for data analysis. Consecutive data were expressed as mean and standard deviation, categorical data were expressed as frequencies (percentage). Comparison of measurement data between groups was performed by analysis of variance or rank sum test. Comparison of count data between groups was performed by the Chi-square test. P<0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. Results:A total of 91 patients were recruited and randomly separated into experimental group ( n=46) and control group ( n=45) from October 2017 to March 2018. There were no statistical differences in gender, age, body mass index (BMI), enteral nutrition status, APACHEⅡ and SOFA score on day 1 between the two groups (all P>0.05). Roxatidine in the experiment group rapidly increased the intragastric pH to ≥4.0 and continued to stabilize at pH ≥4.0 during the monitoring period. Omeprazole increased and maintained intragastric pH≥5.0. The proportion of patients with average pH≥4.0 was 82.5% in the second 24 hours in the experiment group, and stably increased to 90% on day 5. There were no significant differences between groups in gastrointestinal bleeding, length of hospital stay, and mortality in ICU and on 28th day(all P> 0.05). No drug related adverse effects occurred during the study period. Logistic-regression analysis did not screen for risk factors of SRMD. Conclusions:Roxatidine acetate hydrochloride can rapidly elevate and maintain the gastric pH above 4.0, and has similar efficacy and safety as omeprazole in inhibiting gastric acid secretion and preventing SRMD with gastrointestinal bleeding.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive values of preoperative peripheral blood lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in early postoperative recurrence of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:A total of 83 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent radical surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2015 to December 2018 were collected. Patients were divided into recurrent group ( n=41) and control group ( n=42) according to the recurrence within 1 year. The levels of LMR and PLR before operation were detected by automatic blood analyzer, and the differences of LMR and PLR between the two groups were compared. The values of LMR, PLR and the combination of LMR and PLR in predicting early postoperative recurrence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Compared with the control group, the recurrence group had smaller LMR (3.91±1.73 vs. 5.08±2.15; t=2.710, P=0.008), larger PLR (142.81±67.80 vs. 114.03±42.47; t=2.324, P=0.023), larger tumor diameter [(4.28±1.61) cm vs.(3.19±1.30) cm; t=3.420, P=0.001], deeper infiltration ( Z=2.633, P=0.008) and later clinical stage ( Z=2.616, P=0.009), with statistically significant differences. The sensitivity and specificity of LMR in predicting recurrence of esophageal cancer after surgery were 69.0% and 58.5% respectively, with the area under the curve of 0.666 (95% CI: 0.551-0.782, P=0.009) and a critical value of 4.12. The sensitivity and specificity of PLR in predicting recurrence of esophageal cancer after surgery were 51.2% and 78.6% respectively, with the area under the curve of 0.642 (95% CI: 0.522-0.761, P=0.026) and a critical value of 130.85. The sensitivity and specificity of LMR combined with PLR were 68.3% and 61.9% respectively, and area under the curve of ROC was 0.675 (95% CI: 0.560-0.791, P=0.006). Patients with low LMR and high PLR had higher risk of recurrence rate [81.0%(17/21)] than those with high LMR and low PLR [35.1%(13/37)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.001). Conclusion:Preoperative LMR and PLR are effective indicators for early postoperative recurrence in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and the combination of LMR and PLR has a higher predictive value.

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