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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 25-29, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007207

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the association of different sleep characteristics and cardiometabolic risk among college students, so as to provide reference for health promotion of college students.@*Methods@#By random cluster sampling method, a questionnaire survey and physical examination including blood pressure, waist circumference and blood lipid indicators, which were conducted in April and May of 2019 among a total of 1 179 college students from the first grade in two universities in Hefei City of Anhui Province and Shangrao City of Jiangxi Province. A total of 729 college students with valid questionnaires were included into analysis. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used to investigate sleep behavior, and the Morning And Evening Questionnaire-5 (MEQ-5) was used to investigate sleep characteristics. The cardiometabolic risk score was derived using the sum of the standardized sex specific Z scores of waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, HDL cholesterol (multiplied by -1), triglycerides, and insulin resistance index. The rank sum tests were used to compare differences in cardiometabolic risk scores across demographic characteristics. Generalized linear models were used to compare the association of different sleep characteristics with cardiometabolic risk scores among college students.@*Results@#The average cardiovascular metabolic risk score of college students was -0.32(-2.03, 1.58). There were statistically significant differences in cardiovascular metabolic risk scores among college students in variables such as smoking, health status, and physical activity levels ( t/F=-3.41, 12.88, 51.07, P <0.01). The results of the generalized linear model showed that nighttime preference ( B=1.89, 95%CI =1.02-3.49), insomnia symptoms ( B=3.25, 95%CI =1.79-5.90), and short or long sleep duration ( B=1.92, 95%CI =1.21-3.05) were positively correlated with the cardiovascular metabolic risk score of college students ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Poor sleep patterns among college students are positively correlated with the risk of cardiovascular metabolism. The sleep behavior of college students should be actively changed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 528-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010233

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems of quality control and traceability of medical test lung for meeting the calibration conditions of JJF 1234-2018 Calibration Specification for Ventilators, the calibration device and method are researched for compliance and airway resistance of medical test lung in this paper. A calibration device for medical test lung is designed using constant volume active piston technology to simulate human breathing. Through comparison experiment, the deviation between this device and the similar foreign device can be found. The deviation is lower than 0.4% for lung compliance and lower than 0.7% for airway resistance. The calibration of lung compliance and airway resistance can be completed by this device. This device has a clear and complete traceability path to ensure quality control from the source. The calibration of ventilator is improved. This paper provides a reference for related metrology departments and medical institutions to study on quality inspection of respiratory medical instruments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calibration , Ventilators, Mechanical , Respiration , Quality Control , Lung
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1631-1647, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982820

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is the pathological structure of incurable fibroproliferative lung diseases that are attributed to the repeated lung injury-caused failure of lung alveolar regeneration (LAR). Here, we report that repetitive lung damage results in a progressive accumulation of the transcriptional repressor SLUG in alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEC2s). The abnormal increased SLUG inhibits AEC2s from self-renewal and differentiation into alveolar epithelial type I cells (AEC1s). We found that the elevated SLUG represses the expression of the phosphate transporter SLC34A2 in AEC2s, which reduces intracellular phosphate and represses the phosphorylation of JNK and P38 MAPK, two critical kinases supporting LAR, leading to LAR failure. TRIB3, a stress sensor, interacts with the E3 ligase MDM2 to suppress SLUG degradation in AEC2s by impeding MDM2-catalyzed SLUG ubiquitination. Targeting SLUG degradation by disturbing the TRIB3/MDM2 interaction using a new synthetic staple peptide restores LAR capacity and exhibits potent therapeutic efficacy against experimental PF. Our study reveals a mechanism of the TRIB3-MDM2-SLUG-SLC34A2 axis causing the LAR failure in PF, which confers a potential strategy for treating patients with fibroproliferative lung diseases.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 396-400,F2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of miR-1249-5p on the proliferation, metastasis and cell cycle of PC-3 cell in prostate cancer.Methods:The relationship between the expression level of miR-1249-5p and the overall survival of prostate cancer patients was analyzed using OncoMir Cancer Database (OMCD). The human prostate cancer cell line PC-3 was divided into two groups: miR-1249-5p group and negative control group. Mediated by Lipofectamine 2000, miR-1249-5p mimics liposome complex or negative miRNA liposome complex were transfected into PC-3 cell at logarithmic growth stage. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-1249-5p in PC-3 cell of two groups. Colony formation assay was used to detect the changes of the proliferation ability of PC-3 cell in the two groups. Transwell experiment was used to detect the changes of PC-3 cell invasion in the two groups, and the cell cycle changes of the two groups of PC-3 were detected by flow cytometry. The miRNA prediction software miRGator was used to predict the target gene of miR-1249-5p. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the target gene expression of miR-1249-5p. Measurement data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between two groups. Results:Compared with prostate cancer patients with low miR-1249-5p expression, prostate cancer patients with higher miR-1249-5p expression had longer overall survival, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The expression level of miR-1249-5p in the miR-1249-5p group (10.74±1.19) was significantly higher than that of the negative control group (1.56±0.27), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The number of colonies formed in the miR-1249-5p group (35.86±6.94) was significantly less than that in the negative control group (88.94±11.66), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The number of transmembrane cells [(25.01±6.83)/high power field of view] in the miR-1249-5p group was significantly less than that of the negative control group [(82.76±8.35)/high power field of view], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The proportion of cells in the G 0-G 1 phase in the miR-1249-5p group [(50.79±6.61)%] was significantly higher than that in the negative control group [(27.09±2.30)%], the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01), and PC-3 cell were inhibited in the G 0-G 1 phase. Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 9 ( NEDD9) may be the target gene of miR-1249-5p. Compared with the negative control group, the NEDD9 gene expression in the miR-1249-5p group was significantly lower than that of the negative control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusion:miR-1249-5p can inhibit the proliferation, metastasis and cell cycle of PC-3 cell in prostate cancer, which may be achieved by negatively regulating the expression of proto-oncogene NEDD9.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 331-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997244

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the protective effect of recombinant Schistosoma japonicum cystatin (rSj-Cys) against acute kidney injury induced by acute liver failure and unravel the underlying mechanism, so as to provide insights into the clinical therapy of acute kidney injury. Methods Twenty-four male C57BL/6J mice at ages of 6 to 8 weeks were randomly divided into the normal control group, rSj-Cys control group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D-galactosamine (D-GaIN) model group and LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys treatment group, of 6 mice each group. Mice in the LPS/D-GaIN group and LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys group were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (10 μg/kg) and D-GaIN (700 mg/kg), and mice in the LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys group were additionally administered with rSj-Cys (1.25 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal injection 30 min post-modeling, while mice in the rSj-Cys group were intraperitoneally injected with rSj-Cys (1.25 mg/kg), and mice in the normal control group were injected with the normal volume of PBS. All mice were sacrificed 6 h post-modeling, and mouse serum and kidney samples were collected. Serum creatinine (Cr) and urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were measured, and the pathological changes of mouse kidney specimens were examined using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 levels were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the expression of inflammatory factors and pyroptosis-related proteins was quantified in mouse kidney specimens using immunohistochemistry. In addition, the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway-associated proteins was determined in mouse kidney specimens using Western blotting assay. Results HE staining showed no remarkable abnormality in the mouse kidney structure in the normal control group and the rSj-Cys control group, and renal tubular injury was found in LPS/D-GaIN group, while the renal tubular injury was alleviated in LPS/D-GaIN+rSj-Cys treatment group. There were significant differences in serum levels of Cr (F = 46.33, P < 0.001), BUN (F = 128.60, P < 0.001), TNF-α (F = 102.00, P < 0.001) and IL-6 (F = 202.10, P < 0.001) among the four groups, and lower serum Cr [(85.35 ± 32.05) μmol/L], BUN [(11.90 ± 2.76) mmol/L], TNF-α [(158.27 ± 15.83) pg/mL] and IL-6 levels [(56.72 ± 4.37) pg/mL] were detected in the in LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys group than in the LPS/D-GaIN group (all P values < 0.01). Immunohistochemical staining detected significant differences in TNF-α (F = 24.16, P < 0.001) and IL-10 (F = 15.07, P < 0.01) expression among the four groups, and lower TNF-α [(106.50 ± 16.57)%] and higher IL-10 expression [(91.83 ± 5.23)%] was detected in the LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys group than in the LPS/D-GaIN group (both P values < 0.01). Western blotting and immunohistochemistry detected significant differences in the protein expression of pyroptosis-related proteins NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3) (F = 24.57 and 30.72, both P values < 0.001), IL-1β (F = 19.24 and 22.59, both P values < 0.001) and IL-18 (F = 16.60 and 19.30, both P values < 0.001) in kidney samples among the four groups, and lower NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 expression was quantified in the LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys treatment group than in the LPS/D-GaIN group (P values < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in the protein expression of NF-κB signaling pathway-associated proteins p-NF-κB p-P65/NF-κB p65 (F = 71.88, P < 0.001), Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 (F = 45.49, P < 0.001) and p-IκB/IκB (F = 60.87, P < 0.001) in mouse kidney samples among the four groups, and lower expression of three NF-κB signaling pathway-associated proteins was determined in the LPS/D-GaIN + rSj-Cys treatment group than in the LPS/D-GaIN group (all P values < 0.01). Conclusion rSj-Cys may present a protective effect against acute kidney injury caused by acute liver failure through inhibiting inflammation and pyroptosis and downregulating the NF-κB signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 628-632, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995229

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of combining modified manipulative reduction with functional training for the treatment of acute anterior disc displacement without reduction.Methods:Sixty anterior disc displacement patients aged from 19 to 55 years were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, each of 30. The experimental group was given modified manipulative reduction, while the control group was provided with traditional manipulative reduction. After the manipulative reduction, both groups received 3 months of functional training. Visual analog scale (VAS) ratings, maximum active mouth opening, a mandibular movement index and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were employed before and immediately after the reduction and after the functional training to evaluate their effectiveness. An oral health-related quality of life scale was also used. The number of attempts needed to achieve successful reduction and the overall success rate were compared between the two groups.Results:There was significant improvement in the average VAS ratings, maximum active mouth opening, mandibular movement index and oral health-related life quality of both groups after the experiment. Immediately after reduction, the maximum active mouth opening and mandible movement in the experimental group were significantly higher than in the control group, on average. Further improvement was observed after the treatment such that there was no significant difference between the two groups. After the functional training, however, the experimental group′s average VAS and oral health-related life quality scores were significantly better than the control group′s averages. According to MRI right after reduction, the success rate of the experimental group (96.7%) was significantly better than among the control group (80%). After the functional training the corresponding values were 86.7% and 73.3%. That difference was no longer significant. There was also no significant difference in the number of attempts needed to achieve successful reduction.Conclusion:The modified manipulative reduction not only has a higher success rate, but also can immediately improve mouth opening and mandible mobility. Combined with functional training, it can effectively reduce pain and improve life quality.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1127-1133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To deeply explore the potential mechanism of Kangmin Zhisou Granules in the treatment of bronchial asthma through network pharmacology method; To verify it with animal experiments.Methods:The active components and corresponding target information of Kangmin Zhisou Granules were screened with the help of BATMAN-TCM database, and the related disease targets of bronchial asthma were obtained through GeneCards and OMIM databases. The drug targets and bronchial asthma targets were intersected and imported String database was used to establish PPI network. Cytoscape 3.9.1 software was used to draw the network diagram of "Chinese materia medica-active components-intersection targets" and the core targets were screened. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis was performed on the core targets using DAVID database. A mouse model of asthma induced by ovalbumin was prepared. After the intervention of Kangmin Zhisou Granules, the pathological changes of mouse lung tissue were observed, and the contents of serum TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1 β were detected by ELISA.Results:Totally 240 active components and 1 364 potential targets were obtained from Kangmin Zhisou Granules. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), protein kinase B (AKT1), albumin (ALB), interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β) and other 11 core targets were obtained after screening. The results of GO enrichment analysis showed that the treatment of bronchial asthma by Kangmin Zhisou Granules mainly involved the positive regulation of protein phosphorylation, the regulation of inflammatory response, lipopolysaccharide response and other biological processes, as well as TNF, activated protein kinase (MAPK), interleukin-17 (IL-17) and other signaling pathways. Animal experiments confirmed that Kangmin Zhisou Granules could reduce the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in serum ( P<0.05), and reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lung tissue of mice, thereby relieving asthma symptoms. Conclusion:Kangmin Zhisou Granules may exert anti-inflammatory effects by acting on TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and other targets to alleviate asthma symptoms.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 251-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964427

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The study aimed to describe the prevalence of mobile phone use and depressive symptoms and to examine the bidirectional associations between the two among college students, providinb evidence for mental health promotion among college students.@*Methods@#A longitudinal study with follow up at 6 month intervals was conducted in 1 135 students from 2 universities in Hefei, Anhui Province and Shangrao, Jiangxi Province who were selected between April and May 2019. The last follow up was conducted between April and May 2021 based on questionnaire survey, and 999 valid participants were obtained after matching. The self designed questionnaire was used to investigate the duration of cellular phone use and use of cellular phone functions among college students. The Self rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were used to assess cellular phone dependence and depressive symptoms among college students. Pearson correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation between cellular phone use behavior and depressive symptoms at baseline and 2 years later; linear regression model was used to analyze the linear association between cellular phone use behavior and depressive symptoms scores; autoregressive cross lagged model was used to analyze the bidirectional associations between cellular phone use behaviors and depressive symptoms among college students over time.@*Results@#The prevalence of mobile phone dependence and depressive symptoms among college students at baseline were 24.3% and 42.4%, respectively. The mean duration of mobile phone use among college students at baseline and the 2 year follow up were (2.84±0.90)h/d and (2.02±1.05)h/d, respectively; the mean scores of mobile phone dependence were (23.30±9.00) and (23.29±10.45), respectively; the mean scores of mobile phone function use were (30.12±6.66) and (29.12±7.27), respectively; and the mean scores of depressive symptoms were (4.51±4.76) and (2.61±4.40), respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed there were significant positive correlations between duration of cellular phone use, cellular phone dependence, use of cellular phone functions at baseline or 2 years later and depressive symptoms 2 years later( r =0.08-0.50, P <0.05). Linear regression models showed a significant positive association between cellular phone dependence at baseline and depressive symptoms ( β=0.26, 95%CI =0.23-0.29) at baseline and 2 years later ( β=0.12, 95%CI =0.09-0.15). Autoregressive cross lagged models showed that cellular phone dependence at baseline positively predicted depressive symptoms 2 years later ( β =0.04) and depressive symptoms at baseline positively predicted cellular phone dependence 2 years later( β =0.23)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was a bidirectional association between cellular phone dependence and depressive symptoms among college students. Reducing cellular phone dependence is of positive significance for improving college students mental health.

9.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 783-790, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991104

ABSTRACT

Zwitterionic sulfobetaine-based monolithic stationary phases have attracted increasing attention for their use in hydrophilic interaction chromatography.In this study,a novel hydrophilic polymeric monolith was fabricated through photo-initiated copolymerization of 3-(3-vinyl-1-imidazolio)-l-propanesulfonate(SBVI)with pentaerythritol triacrylate using methanol and tetrahydrofuran as the porogenic system.Notably,the duration for the preparation of this novel monolith was as little as 5 min,which was significantly shorter than that required for previously reported sulfobetaine-based monoliths prepared via conventional thermally initiated copolymerization.Moreover,these monoliths showed good morphology,permeability,porosity(62.4%),mechanical strength(over 15 MPa),column efficiency(51,230 plates/m),and reproducibility(relative standard deviations for all analytes were lower than 4.6%).Mechanistic studies indicated that strong hydrophilic and negative electrostatic interactions might be responsible for the retention of polar analytes on the zwitterionic SBVI-based monolith.In particular,the resulting monolith exhibited good anti-protein adhesion ability and low nonspecific protein adsorption.These excellent features seem to favor its application in bioanalysis.Therefore,the novel zwitterionic sulfobetaine-based monolith was successfully employed for the highly selective separation of small bioactive compounds and the efficient enrichment of N-glycopeptides from complex samples.In this study,we prepared a novel zwitterionic sulfobetaine-based monolith with good performance and developed a simpler and faster method for preparation of zwitterionic monoliths.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 255-260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder(MDD) by comparing the serum glucose and lipid metabolism indicators, levels of glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) in plasma and feces, and the content of specific intestinal flora ( Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium) between patients with MDD who were diagnosed for the first time and healthy controls. Methods:Totally 80 MDD patients hospitalized from January 1, 2020 to March 30, 2021 and 80 healthy volunteers with normal physical examination in the same period were selected. Blood and fecal samples of patients with MDD and healthy controls were collected respectively. The indicators of serum glucose and lipid metabolism were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer, the concentrations of GLP-1 in plasma and feces were detected by ELISA, and the relative contents of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium in feces were detected by real-time PCR. The differences between two groups of glucose and lipid metabolism indicators, GLP-1 levels and the relative contents of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium in feces were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Independent sample t-test and analysis of variance were used for inter group comparison, and Pearson correlation analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results:Compared with the control group, the levels of serum TC, HDL, and LDL in the MDD group decreased ((3.99±0.85)mmol/L , (4.78±0.86)mmol/L; (1.18±0.29)mmol/L, (1.30±0.28)mmol/L; (2.64±0.70)mmol/L, (3.19±0.69)mmol/L; t=5.559, 2.371, 4.695, all P<0.05). The plasma and fecal GLP-1 levels of the MDD group were lower than those of the control group (plasma: (0.81±0.22)pmol/mL, (1.05±0.26)pmol/mL , t=4.509, P<0.01; feces: (2.23±0.46)pmol/mL , (2.47±0.37)pmol/mL, t=2.533, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the relative contents of Lactobacillus(2.56±1.59, 3.51±2.21) and Bifidobacterium(2.24±1.89 , 3.17±2.08) in the MDD group decreased ( t=2.218, 2.082, both P<0.05). The level of plasma GLP-1 in the MDD group was negatively correlated with FPG, TG, and disease severity ( r=-0.281, -0.221, -0.437, P<0.05). The level of plasma GLP-1 in the control group was negatively correlated with FPG ( r=-0.580, P<0.01). The fecal GLP-1 level of the MDD group was negatively correlated with the severity of the disease ( r=-0.298, P<0.01), and the fecal GLP-1 level of the control group was positively correlated with fecal Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium ( r=0.685, 0.428, P<0.01). Conclusion:MDD patients have abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism, decreased GLP-1 level and decreased relative content of intestinal Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Changes in intestinal flora affect GLP-1 levels. GLP-1 can affect glucose and lipid metabolism and depressive symptoms in patients with MDD by binding to specific receptors in intestinal tract and central nervous system.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 438-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928437

ABSTRACT

Genetic factors play a key role in human athletic ability, and endurance quality and explosive power quality are the important components of athletic ability. In this review, we aimed to reveal the biological genetic mechanism of human athletic ability at the molecular level through summarizing the relationship between genetic variants and human athletic ability, including endurance quality related genetic markers angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene, creatine kinase MM (CKMM) gene and explosive power quality related genetic markers alpha actinin 3 (ACTN3) gene, angiotensinogen (AGT) gene and interleukin6 (IL6) gene. Meanwhile, we also summarized the distribution of allele frequencies among various populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actinin/genetics , Athletic Performance , Gene Frequency , Genetic Markers , Genotype , Polymorphism, Genetic
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 108-111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928373

ABSTRACT

Genetic background can lead to differences in drug effects among different populations when they use the same drug. To delineate the pharmacogenomics and population genetic differences may help to clarify the role of polymorphisms of drug metabolism-related genes in drug effect heterogeneity among different populations. This article has summarized the latest progress on the polymorphisms of drug metabolism-related genes among different populations in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Pharmacogenetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 518-523, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinicopathological features of thyroid micropapillary carcinoma and the risk factors of cervical lymph node metastasis.Methods:Two hundred and ninty-eight thyroid micropapillary carcinoma patients diagnosed by postoperative pathology at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from Sep 2018 to Jun 2021 were retrospectively divided into metastasis group and non metastasis group according to whether there were cervical lymph node metastasis. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of cervical lymph node metastasis in thyroid micropapillary carcinoma.Results:The cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 41.3%. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in patient's height, maximum tumor diameter, calcification, capsule infiltration and Hashimoto thyroiditis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that height ≥ 160.5cm, maximum tumor diameter ≥5.5 mm, capsule infiltration and Hashimoto thyroiditis were independent risk factors for cervical lymph node metastasis. Conclusion:Cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with thyroid micropapillary carcinoma is related to the maximum diameter, height, capsule infiltration and Hashimoto thyroiditis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 892-894, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis.Methods:From July 2019 to August 2021, 7 patients with erythrodermic psoriasis, who received subcutaneous injection of secukinumab at a dose of 300 mg once a week from week 0 to 4 followed by every-4-week dosing in Wuhan Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, were collected. At weeks 0, 4, 8 and 12, the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) was recorded, and adverse drug reactions were observed.Results:All 7 patients were treated for at least 12 weeks. After 4-week treatment, 4 patients achieved PASI50; after 12-week treatment, 5 achieved PASI75, and 2 achieved PASI90. No serious adverse drug reactions occurred. One patient developed fever during the treatment, but the body temperature returned to normal after management; another 1 developed cough and expectoration, and the symptoms were relieved after oral administration of a Chinese herbal preparation named pharyngitis mixture.Conclusion:Secukinumab is effective in the treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis, with fewer adverse reactions, which provides a new option for the treatment of erythrodermic psoriasis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 422-427, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the dynamic phenotype of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells(AEC Ⅱ)in radiation-induced lung fibrosisand its role in the formation of fibrosis.Methods:Totally 90 C57BL/6J female mice were divided into 2 groups: irradiation group (50, thoracic irradiation with a single dose of 20 Gy X-rays), control group (40, sham irradiation). At 24 h, 4 and 12 weeks after irradiation, 5 mice were euthanized and the lungs were collected for pathological observation. The other lungtissues were collected for the isolation of primary AEC Ⅱ cells with microbeadssorting.The mRNA expressions of proSP-C, HOPX, vimentin, β-catenin and TGF-β1 in AEC II cells were detected by RT-PCR.Results:Acute pneumonitis was observed in the lungs at 24 h after irradiation and alleviated in accompany with partial alveolar septal thickening and a small amount of collagen deposition at 4 weeks after irradiation. The collagen deposition became more pronounced at 12 weeks after irradiation, together with collapsed and fused alveolar cavities, alveolar septal hyperplasia, and pulmonary fibrosis formation.The mRNAexpression levels of proSP-C and HOPX in primary AEC Ⅱ cells increased at 24 hours after irradiation and then approached to a peak value at 4 weeks after irradiation ( F=8.441, 3.586, P=0.036). The mRNA expression levels of vimentin, a biomarker of EMT, was increased significantly at 4 weeks and continued up to 12 weeks after irradiation( F=8.358, P=0.001). The mRNA expression levels of profibrotic factors β-catenin and TGF-β1 were both significant increased at 12 weeks after irradiation( F=4.62, 3.279, P=0.044). Conclusions:The phenotypeof AECⅡ cells could not only be transformed from proSP-C+ to HOPX+ /proSP-C+ , HOPX+ /proSP-C+ /vimentin+ , and vimentin+ /proSP-C, but also differentiated into mesenchymal cells with highly expressed profibrotic factors, thereby inducing EMT process, which either played a role in the repair of radiation-induced lung injury or triggered radiation-induced fibrosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 505-511, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of peripheral blood regulatory T cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its clinical significance.Methods:A total of 191 patients with RA in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University and 86 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled from January 2019 to January 2021. All peripheral blood CD4 + T lymphocyte subsets of participants were assessed by flow cytometry. Patients were divided into RA-CVD group ( n=71) and RA only group ( n=120) and their clinical data were recorded. The differences between the groups were analyzed by Independent-Samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test or χ2 test, and risk factors that affected CVD were analyzed using Logistic regression. Results:① The age of patients and the proportion of male patients in the RA-CVD group were significantly higher than those in the RA only group [age: (64±10) years old vs (56±12) years old, t=-4.16, P<0.001; male patients: 35 cases vs 31 cases, χ2=10.86, P=0.001]. ② The level of Treg cells in the peripheral blood of patients with RA only and RA-CVD groups was significantly lower than that of HCs ( Z=-4.14, P<0.001; Z=-6.27, P<0.001), while the numbers of peripheral Th17 cells in the two groups of patients were not significantly different from those of HCs ( P>0.05). The ratios of Th17/Treg cells in the two group patients were higher than those of HCs, but only the difference between RA-CVD patients and HCs was significant ( Z=-5.49, P<0.001). ③ Compared with the RA only group, the absolute number of Treg cells in peripheral blood of RA-CVD group was significantly lower [19.00(13.62, 26.73) vs 24.94 (19.32, 34.12), Z=-3.19, P=0.001], the level of Th17 cells was significantly higher [absolute number: 7.77 (3.86, 13.64) cell/μl vs 5.59 (3.49, 8.91) cells/μl, Z=-2.14, P=0.033; percentage: 1.37%(0.78, 2.00)% vs 0.80%(0.56, 1.24)%, Z=-4.20, P<0.001], and the ratio of Th17/Treg cells was significantly higher [0.40(0.24, 0.62) vs 0.23(0.14, 0.35), Z=-4.46, P<0.001]. ④ Logistic regression analysis showed that Treg cell [ OR(95% CI)=0.934 (0.903, 0.967)] was a protective factor, while elder age [ OR(95% CI)=1.038(1.003, 1.074), male [ OR(95% CI)=2.450(1.005, 5.973)], hypertension [ OR(95% CI)=2.654 (1.219, 5.779)] and Th17 cell [ OR (95% CI)=1.066 (1.019, 1.116)] were risk factors of RA complicated with CVD. Conclusion:The level of Treg cells in peripheral blood of RA patients with CVD decreases significantly, and the immune imbalance of Th17/Treg is more singificant than that of RA patients without CVD. It is suggested that the immune imbalance and dysfunction caused by the number and/or functional deficiency of Treg cells may be involved in the occurrence and development of RA complicated with CVD.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 451-455, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression level of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-1 (IRAK1) in the peripheral blood of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and analyze its relevance between disease activity and CD4 + T cell subsets. Methods:① The concentration of IRAK1 in the peripheral blood of 77 RA patients and 24 healthy controls were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ② The demo-graphic and clinical data of the RA group including disease activity score with 28 joints (DAS28), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), CD4 + T cell subsets in peripheral blood. ③Independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the differences between the two groups. Spearman rank correlation test and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the correlation between IRAK1 expression level and clinical data. Results:① The IRAK1 level of the peripheral blood of RA patients was significantly higher than in the normal controls ( P<0.001). ② Compared to normal controls, the peripheral blood of the RA group, the absolute numbers and proportion of regulatory T (Treg) cells were decreased ( P<0.001), the absolute numbers and proportion of helper T (Th) 17 and the ratio of Th17/Treg were increased. Moreover, the ratio of Th17/Treg was also increased. ③ With the increase of disease activity in RA patients, the expression of IRAK1 also increased. The expression of IRAK1 in the peripheral blood of RA group was positively correlated with ESR, number of joints involved and DAS28, and had statistically significant difference between the two groups ( r=0.23, P<0.05; r=0.24, P<0.05; r=0.27, P<0.05). Meanwhile, it was sign-ificantly negatively correlated with the percentage of Treg ( r=-0.27, P<0.05), and was significantly positively correlated with the ratio of Th17/Treg ( r=0.23, P<0.05) . However, there was no significant correlation with the ratio of Th1/Th2( P>0.05). Furthermore, multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the expression of IRAK1 in the peripheral blood of RA group was positively correlated with ESR and the number of joints involved ( β=0.34, P=0.019; β=0.27, P=0.004), and it was inversely correlated with percentage of Treg ( β=-0.23, P=0.047, R2=0.219). Conclusion:IRAK1 expression in the peripheral blood of RA patients is up-regulated and correlated with disease activity. The decrease of Treg and the imbalance of Th17/Treg caused by high expression of IRAK1 may be one of the main factors for the occurrence and development of RA. Interfering the expression of IRAK1 may be a potential new target for RA treatment.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1210-1214,1219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of miR-6883-5p in the serum of bladder cancer patients and its effect on the migration and proliferation ability of bladder cancer cells.Methods:The real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) method was used to detect the expression level of miR-6883-5p in the serum of 39 patients with bladder cancer and 39 healthy subjects, as well as the expression level of miR-6883-5p in normal bladder mucosal epithelial cells and bladder cancer cells. The bladder cancer cells with the lowest expression of miR-6883-5p were transfected with miR-6883-5p mimics or negative control (NC), namely miR-6883-5p group and NC group. Transwell migration experiment and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) colorimetric method were used to detect the migration and proliferation ability of cells transfected with miR-6883-5p. Bioinformatics software and dual luciferase reporter gene were used to predict and test the target genes of miR-6883-5p. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of target genes in cells transfected with miR-6883-5p.Results:The expression level of miR-6883-5p in the serum of bladder cancer patients was significantly lower than that of healthy persons ( P<0.01). The expression level of miR-6883-5p in bladder cancer cells was significantly lower than that in normal bladder mucosal epithelial cells (all P<0.05), and the lowest expression of miR-6883-5p was in 5637 cells ( P<0.01). After transfection with miR-6883-5p, the migration and proliferation of cells in miR-6883-5p group were significantly lower than those in NC group (all P<0.05). Phosphatidyl alcohol proteoglycan-6 (GPC6) was the target gene of miR-6883-5p. After transfection with miR-6883-5p, the expression levels of GPC6 mRNA and protein in miR-6883-5p group significantly decreased ( P<0.01). Conclusions:miR-6883-5p is significantly low expressed in the serum of bladder cancer patients, and miR-6883-5p is related to the occurrence and development of bladder cancer; overexpression of miR-6883-5p can inhibit the migration and proliferation of bladder cancer cells; miR-6883-5p can inhibit the occurrence and development of bladder cancer by down-regulating the expression of GPC6.

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Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 604-609, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956131

ABSTRACT

Parkinson disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease with motor and non-motor symptoms that seriously affect the quality of life and social function of patients. The current non-invasive techniques in PD brain function studies mainly include functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography, which made it difficult to assess brain function under motor state or magnetoelectric treatment. As an emerging functional neuroimaging technique, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) can monitor the real movement-related cortical responses of PD patients in real time, providing a safe and non-invasive method with high ecological validity for direct monitoring of brain activity. This article presented a review of recent advances in the application of fNIRS technology in PD research, intending to provide new ideas for functional neuroimaging studies in PD. The results suggested that PD gait and balance deficits were closely associated with abnormal activation of the cerebral cortex, particularly the prefrontal cortex, involving a compensatory strategy of cortical cognitive resources for basal ganglia dysfunction. Drugs, deep brain stimulation, and other interventions could be applied to fNIRS techniques to evaluate neurorehabilitation effects and reveal the neural basis of intervention effects. This area of research is currently in its infancy, but the evidence provided supports for the translation of fNIRS into clinical practice. Future research should develop multimodal imaging techniques and in-depth studies of broad areas of the cerebral cortex to obtain more valuable findings for clinical practice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1564-1572, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of medical social workers combined with ICU diary on the prevention and treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in ICU traffic accident patients, and to explore the application of continuing nursing services and ICU diary to ICU traffic accident patients.Methods:A total of 47 patients who were admitted to the ICU of Suzhou Science and Technology City Hospital from January to December 2019 due to traffic accidents were selected by convenient sampling method. Twenty-three patients admitted to the hospital in the first 6 months were selected as the control group (before the introduction of medical social workers and ICU diaries) for routine ICU treatment and nursing mode. Twenty-four patients admitted to the hospital in the last 6 months were selected as the experimental group (after the introduction of medical social workers and ICU diaries), and the medical social workers combined with the ICU diary were intervened. The scores of the Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were compared between the two groups of patients when they were admitted to the ICU, stayed in the ICU for a week, and transferred out of the ICU. The incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder was evaluated and compared by the scores of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised of the two groups of patients one month after leaving the ICU, three months after leaving the ICU, and six months after leaving the ICU.Results:The scores of SAS in the experimental group were 58.67 ± 7.45, 44.13 ± 5.47 and 39.08 ± 5.52 when they were admitted to the ICU, stayed in the ICU for a week, and transferred out of the ICU, and were 58.17 ± 6.75, 50.87 ± 6.35 and 42.74 ± 4.85, respectively in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the scores of the SAS between the two groups of patients when they were admitted to the ICU ( P>0.05), but there was a time difference between the two groups with time changes and different interventions ( Ftime = 110.98, P<0.01), there were also differences between groups ( Fbetween groups = 5.91, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the SAS score of the experimental group decreased more significantly( Finteraction = 0.28, P<0.05). The scores of SDS in the experimental group were 57.75 ± 4.06, 45.29 ± 3.39 and 36.63 ± 3.49 when they were admitted to the ICU, stayed in the ICU for a week, and transferred out of the ICU, and were 57.48 ± 2.29, 49.04 ± 5.65 and 43.57 ± 4.07 respectively in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the scores of the SDS between the two groups of patients when they were admitted to the ICU ( P>0.05), but there was a time difference between the two groups of patients with time changes and different interventions ( Ftime = 248.24, P<0.01), there are also differences between groups ( Fbetween groups = 24.39, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the SDS score of the experimental group decreased more significantly ( Finteraction=10.44, P<0.05). The incidences of post-traumatic stress disorder in the experimental group were 9, 8, 6 cases at one month, three months and six months after leaving the ICU, which were lower than 12, 11, 8 cases in the control group. The generalized estimation equation showed that the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.21, P<0.05). Conclusions:The intervention model of medical social workers combined with ICU diary is conducive to the use of ICU diary and the development of continuous nursing, which improves patients′negative emotions and reduces the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder.

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