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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 504-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of combined blockade of interleukin-33 (IL-33) and inducible co-stimulatory molecule (ICOS) on carbon tetrachloride-induced chronic liver fibrosis and imbalance of T helper lymphocyte subsets in mice. Methods: There were 40 BALB/c mice in each model and control group. Flow cytometry was used to determine the proportion of Th1/Th2/Th17 cells in the splenic lymphocyte suspension of mice, the expression levels of interferon γ, IL-4, and IL-17 in the splenic lymphocyte suspension of liver fibrosis mice after combined blockade of IL-33 and ICOS, and the pathological changes of liver histopathology in mice with liver fibrosis. Two independent sample t-test was used to compare data between groups. Results: Compared with the non-blocking group, the proportion of Th2 and Th17 cells in the IL-33/ICOS blocking group was significantly down-regulated (Th2: 65.96% ± 6.04% vs. 49.09% ± 7.03%; Th17: 19.17% ± 4.03% vs. 9.56% ± 2.03%), while the proportion of Th1 cells and Th1/Th2 ratio were up-regulated (Th1: 17.14% ± 3.02% vs. 31.93% ± 5.02%; Th1/Th2: 0.28 ± 0.06 vs. 0.62 ± 0.23), and the difference was statistically significant (t = 5.15, 6.03, 7.14, 4.28, respectively, with P < 0.05). After entering the chronic inflammation stage of liver fibrosis in mice (10 weeks), compared with the non-blocking group, the expression levels of IL-4 and IL-17 in the blockade group were significantly down-regulated [IL-4: (84.75 ± 14.35) pg/ ml vs. (77.88 ± 19.61) pg/ml; IL-17: (72.38 ± 15.13) pg/ml vs. (36.38 ± 8.65) pg/ml], while the expression of interferon γ was up-regulated [(37.25 ± 11.51) pg/ml vs. (77.88 ± 19.61) pg/ml], and the difference was statistically significant (t: IL-4: 4.71; IL-17: 5.84; interferon γ: 5.05, respectively, with P < 0.05). Liver histopathological results showed that hepatic necrosis, hepatic lobular structural disorder, and fibrous tissue hyperplasia were significantly lower in the blockade group than those in the non-blocking group at 13 weeks of liver fibrosis. Conclusion: Combined blockade of the ICOS signaling pathway and IL-33 can regulate Th2 and Th17 polarization, down-regulate the inflammatory response, and inhibit or prevent the occurrence and progression of fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-33/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Carbon Tetrachloride , Th2 Cells , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Th1 Cells , Th17 Cells/pathology , Immunity
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2559-2571, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982864

ABSTRACT

Existing traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-related databases are still insufficient in data standardization, integrity and precision, and need to be updated urgently. Herein, an Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine version 2.0 (ETCM v2.0, http://www.tcmip.cn/ETCM2/front/#/) was constructed as the latest curated database hosting 48,442 TCM formulas recorded by ancient Chinese medical books, 9872 Chinese patent drugs, 2079 Chinese medicinal materials and 38,298 ingredients. To facilitate the mechanistic research and new drug discovery, we improved the target identification method based on a two-dimensional ligand similarity search module, which provides the confirmed and/or potential targets of each ingredient, as well as their binding activities. Importantly, five TCM formulas/Chinese patent drugs/herbs/ingredients with the highest Jaccard similarity scores to the submitted drugs are offered in ETCM v2.0, which may be of significance to identify prescriptions/herbs/ingredients with similar clinical efficacy, to summarize the rules of prescription use, and to find alternative drugs for endangered Chinese medicinal materials. Moreover, ETCM v2.0 provides an enhanced JavaScript-based network visualization tool for creating, modifying and exploring multi-scale biological networks. ETCM v2.0 may be a major data warehouse for the quality marker identification of TCMs, the TCM-derived drug discovery and repurposing, and the pharmacological mechanism investigation of TCMs against various human diseases.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2952-2960, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999057

ABSTRACT

Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is a well-known key target in the treatment of tumors, bacterial infections, and parasitic infections; and it plays a critical role in the biosynthesis of cellular DNA. DHFR inhibitors interfere with one-carbon metabolism by inhibiting substrate binding to DHFR, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation. Research on DHFR inhibitors has continued since the 1940s. To date, a variety of DHFR inhibitors have come into the market, primarily used for anti-tumor, antibacterial, antiparasitic, and anti-inflammatory therapy. This review summarizes the research progress of DHFR inhibitors with antitumor or antibacterial effects in recent years based on the classification of single-target and dual-target and looks forward to the opportunities and challenges faced by the work in this field.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 282-287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the consistency of MRI-based ovarian-adnexal report and data system (O-RADS) score and its diagnostic value for ovarian adnexal masses.Methods:The MRI data of 309 patients with ovarian adnexal masses confirmed by pathology were retrospectively collected from January 2017 to August 2021 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, including 327 lesions consisted of 250 benign lesions, 21 borderline lesions, and 56 malignant lesions confirmed by pathology. Borderline and malignant lesions were classified into the malignant group ( n=77) and benign lesions were classified as benign group ( n=250). Two radiologists scored all lesions according to the MRI-based O-RADS, and scored again after 6 months. The proportion of borderline/malignant lesions in each MRI-based O-RADS score was calculated. The weighted Kappa test was used to assess the intra-reader and inter-reader consistency of the image interpretation results. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of MRI-based O-RADS classification for distinguishing benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses. Results:The weighted Kappa value of the MRI-based O-RADS score between the two radiologists was 0.810 (95%CI 0.764-0.855), and the weighted Kappa values of the two radiologists′ scores at different times were 0.848 (95%CI 0.806-0.889) and 0.875 (95%CI 0.835-0.914), respectively. The borderline/malignant lesions accounted for 0/16, 0.8% (1/127), 10.1% (10/99), 76.0% (57/75), 9/10 and 0/17, 0 (0/122), 8.0% (8/100), 76.2% (48/63), and 84.0% (21/25) of the lesions in the two radiologists based on the MRI O-RADS score of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. When adopting O-RADS score>3 as a cut-off value, the area under the ROC curve of the two radiologists for distinguishing benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses was 0.928 (95%CI 0.895-0.954) and 0.942 (95%CI 0.911-0.965), respectively. The sensitivity was 0.857 and 0.896, the specificity was 0.924 and 0.924, and the accuracy was 0.908 and 0.917 respectively.Conclusion:The MRI-based O-RADS yields high diagnostic efficiency in the evaluation of benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses, and the intra-reader and inter-reader consistency of the image interpretation is strong.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 755-762, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the corneal higher order aberration (HOA) after femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).Methods:A non-randomized controlled study was conducted.Sixty myopic patients (60 eyes) who underwent FS-LASIK or SMILE correction at Shandong Eye Hospital from April 2018 to January 2020 were enrolled and the data from the right eye were collected for analysis.Thirty cases (30 eyes) who received FS-LASIK in FS-LASIK group and 30 cases (30 eyes) who received SMILE in SMILE group had a preoperative equivalent spherical diopter of (-5.36±1.11)D and (-4.93±1.03)D, respectively.The HOA of the 6-mm anterior surface, posterior surface, and whole cornea were measured before surgery and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery using Pentacam.The root mean square values (μm) of total corneal HOA, spherical aberration, coma and trefoil were obtained.Differences in the above root mean square values at different time points were compared between the two groups.The study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shandong Eye Hospital (No.SDSYKYY20180306). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:The preoperative and 1-, 3-, 6-, 12-month postoperative total HOA of the anterior corneal surface were (0.428±0.126), (0.775±0.169), (0.811±0.194), (0.759±0.214), (0.704±0.199)μm in the FS-LASIK group and (0.409±0.094), (0.656±0.148), (0.681±0.161), (0.668±0.175), (0.648±0.160)μm in the SMILE group, with a significant overall difference ( Fgroup=5.652, P=0.024; Ftime=107.169, P<0.01). Compared with SMILE group, the postoperative total HOA of anterior corneal surface and spherical aberration at different time points were increased in FS-LASIK group, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). Compared with before surgery, the postoperative total HOA of the anterior corneal surface and spherical aberration at different time points were increased in both groups, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). In the two groups, the 6- and 12-month postoperative total HOA of the anterior corneal surface were reduced in comparison with the 3-month postoperative ones of the anterior corneal surface, and the 12-month postoperative spherical aberrations of the anterior corneal surface were significantly reduced in comparison with the 1- and 3-month postoperative ones of the anterior corneal surface, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). There were significant differences in the coma and trefoil of the anterior corneal surface between before and after the operation (coma: Ftime=47.848, P<0.01; trefoil: Ftime=2.497, P=0.046). Compared with before surgery, the postoperative coma was significantly increased in the two groups (all at P<0.05). There were significant differences in total corneal HOA and spherical aberration at different postoperative time points between the two groups (total HOA: Fgroup=8.093, P=0.008; Ftime=125.019, P<0.01.spherical aberration: Fgroup=4.771, P=0.037; Ftime=34.033, P<0.01). Compared with SMILE group, the total corneal HOA and spherical aberration were significantly increased in FS-LASIK group at different postoperative time points (all at P<0.05). Compared with before surgery, postoperative total HOA of the anterior corneal surface and spherical aberration at different postoperative time points were significantly increased in both groups (all at P<0.05). In both groups, the 12-month postoperative corneal spherical aberration was significantly reduced in comparison with the 1- and 3-month postoperative ones (all at P<0.05). There was a significant difference in coma between before and after surgery ( Ftime=30.829, P<0.01). Compared with before surgery, the postoperative coma was significantly increased at different time points in both groups (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Both FS-LASIK and SMILE increase the HOA of the anterior corneal surface and the whole cornea.Compared with FS-LASIK, SMILE introduces less HOA of the anterior corneal surface and the whole cornea as well as spherical aberrations.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 827-837, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002443

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the predictive value of radiomics features based on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) cine images for left ventricular adverse remodeling (LVAR) after acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). @*Materials and Methods@#We conducted a retrospective, single-center, cohort study involving 244 patients (random-split into 170 and 74 for training and testing, respectively) having an acute STEMI (88.5% males, 57.0 ± 10.3 years of age) who underwent CMR examination at one week and six months after percutaneous coronary intervention. LVAR was defined as a 20% increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume 6 months after acute STEMI. Radiomics features were extracted from the oneweek CMR cine images using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression (LASSO) analysis. The predictive performance of the selected features was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and the area under the curve (AUC). @*Results@#Nine radiomics features with non-zero coefficients were included in the LASSO regression of the radiomics score (RAD score). Infarct size (odds ratio [OR]: 1.04 (1.00–1.07); P = 0.031) and RAD score (OR: 3.43 (2.34–5.28); P < 0.001) were independent predictors of LVAR. The RAD score predicted LVAR, with an AUC (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 0.82 (0.75–0.89) in the training set and 0.75 (0.62–0.89) in the testing set. Combining the RAD score with infarct size yielded favorable performance in predicting LVAR, with an AUC of 0.84 (0.72–0.95). Moreover, the addition of the RAD score to the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) significantly increased the AUC from 0.68 (0.52–0.84) to 0.82 (0.70–0.93) (P = 0.018), which was also comparable to the prediction provided by the combined microvascular obstruction, infarct size, and LVEF with an AUC of 0.79 (0.65–0.94) (P = 0.727). @*Conclusion@#Radiomics analysis using non-contrast cine CMR can predict LVAR after STEMI independently and incrementally to LVEF and may provide an alternative to traditional CMR parameters.

7.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 938-949, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011005

ABSTRACT

Danshen, the dried roots and rhizomes of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (S. miltiorrhiza), is widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Tanshinones, the bioactive compounds from Danshen, exhibit a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties, suggesting their potential for future therapeutic applications. Tanshinone biosynthesis is a complex process involving at least six P450 enzymes that have been identified and characterized, most of which belong to the CYP76 and CYP71 families. In this study, CYP81C16, a member of the CYP71 clan, was identified in S. miltiorrhiza. An in vitro assay revealed that it could catalyze the hydroxylation of four para-quinone-type tanshinones, namely neocryptotanshinone, deoxyneocryptotanshinone, and danshenxinkuns A and B. SmCYP81C16 emerged as a potential broad-spectrum oxidase targeting the C-18 position of para-quinone-type tanshinones with an impressive relative conversion rate exceeding 90%. Kinetic evaluations andin vivo assays underscored its highest affinity towards neocryptotanshinone among the tested substrates. The overexpression of SmCYP81C16 promoted the accumulation of (iso)tanshinone in hairy root lines. The characterization of SmCYP81C16 in this study accentuates its potential as a pivotal tool in the biotechnological production of tanshinones, either through microbial or plant metabolic engineering.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salvia miltiorrhiza/metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Quinones/metabolism , Plant Roots/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 713-725, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010776

ABSTRACT

With the gradual maturity of sequencing technology, many microbiome studies have published, driving the emergence and advance of related analysis tools. R language is the widely used platform for microbiome data analysis for powerful functions. However, tens of thousands of R packages and numerous similar analysis tools have brought major challenges for many researchers to explore microbiome data. How to choose suitable, efficient, convenient, and easy-to-learn tools from the numerous R packages has become a problem for many microbiome researchers. We have organized 324 common R packages for microbiome analysis and classified them according to application categories (diversity, difference, biomarker, correlation and network, functional prediction, and others), which could help researchers quickly find relevant R packages for microbiome analysis. Furthermore, we systematically sorted the integrated R packages (phyloseq, microbiome, MicrobiomeAnalystR, Animalcules, microeco, and amplicon) for microbiome analysis, and summarized the advantages and limitations, which will help researchers choose the appropriate tools. Finally, we thoroughly reviewed the R packages for microbiome analysis, summarized most of the common analysis content in the microbiome, and formed the most suitable pipeline for microbiome analysis. This paper is accompanied by hundreds of examples with 10,000 lines codes in GitHub, which can help beginners to learn, also help analysts compare and test different tools. This paper systematically sorts the application of R in microbiome, providing an important theoretical basis and practical reference for the development of better microbiome tools in the future. All the code is available at GitHub github.com/taowenmicro/EasyMicrobiomeR.


Subject(s)
Software , Microbiota , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Language
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 17-27, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971604

ABSTRACT

The global COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has infected over 109 million people, leading to over 2 million deaths up to date and still lacking of effective drugs for patient treatment. Here, we screened about 1.8 million small molecules against the main protease (Mpro) and papain like protease (PLpro), two major proteases in severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 genome, and identified 1851Mpro inhibitors and 205 PLpro inhibitors with low nmol/l activity of the best hits. Among these inhibitors, eight small molecules showed dual inhibition effects on both Mpro and PLpro, exhibiting potential as better candidates for COVID-19 treatment. The best inhibitors of each protease were tested in antiviral assay, with over 40% of Mpro inhibitors and over 20% of PLpro inhibitors showing high potency in viral inhibition with low cytotoxicity. The X-ray crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in complex with its potent inhibitor 4a was determined at 1.8 Å resolution. Together with docking assays, our results provide a comprehensive resource for future research on anti-SARS-CoV-2 drug development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Molecular Docking Simulation , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/enzymology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins
11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 665-668, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953848

ABSTRACT

As a common soil-borne nematode, hookworm is mainly parasitized in the intestine, and the clinical manifestations of hookworm infections mainly include gastrointestinal symptoms and iron-deficiency anemia. In addition, hookworm may be also parasitized in other organs in addition to gastrointestinal system, resulting in development of disorders in other systems. Proteinuria caused by hookworm infections is rare and easy to be misdiagnosed in clinical practices. Hereby, the diagnosis and treatment of a case of proteinuria associated with hookworm infections was reported, in order to increase the understanding of hookworm infection-associated proteinuria among clinicians.

12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 538-545, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effects of total saponins from Panax notognseng (PNS) combined with cyclophosphamide (CTX) in mice bearing hepatocellular carcinoma H22 cell xenograft.@*METHODS@#We examined the effects of treatment with different concentrations of PNS on H22 cell proliferation for 24 to 72 h in vitro using CCK8 colorimetric assay. Annexin V/PI double fluorescence staining was used to detect the effect of PNS on apoptosis of H22 cells. Mouse models bearing H22 cell xenograft were established and treated with CTX (25 mg/kg), PNS (120, 240 or 480 mg/kg), alone or in combinations. After treatments for consecutive 10 days, the mice were euthanized for examinations of carbon clearance ability of the monocytes and macrophages, splenic lymphocyte proliferation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-2 (IL-2), serum hemolysin antibody level, blood indicators, and the tumor inhibition rate.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with PNS concentration-dependently inhibited the proliferation and significantly promoted apoptosis of cultured H22 cells (P < 0.01). In the tumor-bearing mouse models, PNS alone and its combination with CTX both resulted in obvious enhancement of phagocytosis of the monocyte-macrophages, stimulated the proliferation of splenic lymphocytes, promoted the release of TNF-α and IL-2 and the production of serum hemolysin antibody, and increased the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and lymphocytes in the peripheral blood. Treatment with 480 mg/kg PNS combined with CTX resulted in a tumor inhibition rate of 83.28% (P < 0.01) and a life prolonging rate of 131.25% in the mouse models (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PNS alone or in combination with CTX can improve the immunity and tumor inhibition rate and prolong the survival time of H22 tumor-bearing mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Hemolysin Proteins , Heterografts , Interleukin-2 , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Panax notoginseng , Saponins/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 114-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the factors affecting drug-induced liver injury among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Ningbo City from 2015 to 2019, so as to provide insights into the prevention of drug-induced liver injury.@*Methods@#Demographic features, presence of drug-induced liver injury, and disease history prior to anti-tuberculosis therapy were captured from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Ningbo City from 2015 to 2019 through the Tuberculosis Management Information System of the Chinese Disease Control and Prevention Information System and Ningbo Regional Diagnosis and Treatment Information Platform. Factors affecting drug-induced liver injury was identified using the multivariable logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#A total of 9 397 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were enrolled, among whom 66.43% ( 6 242 case ) were male, 65.89% ( 6 192 cases ) were at ages of <60 years, and 92.35% ( 8 678 cases ) were treatment-naïve. There were 1 425 patients with drug-induced liver injury (15.16% incidence), including 729 cases with grade 1 (51.16%), 24 cases with grade 2 (1.68%), 7 cases with grade 3 (0.49%), 7 cases with grade 4 ( 0.49% ), and 658 cases with ungraded drug-induced liver injury ( 46.18% ). The median duration between drug administration and development of drug-induced liver injury was 24 ( interquartile range, 44 ) days. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified treatment-naïve ( OR=1.464, 95%CI: 1.153-1.859 ) and history of liver disease ( OR=2.001, 95%CI: 1.709-2.342) as risk factors for drug-induced liver injury in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.@*Conclusion@#The incidence of drug-induced liver injury was 15.16% among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Ningbo City from 2015 to 2019. Treatment-naïve and a history of liver disease are associated with drug-induced liver injury among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976115

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) Methods among painters in the manufacturing industry. A total of 639 painters from one shipbuilding enterprise, one automobile manufacturing enterprise and three wooden furniture manufacturing enterprises in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using typical sampling method. The Chinese version of Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was Results used to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in the past one year, and the influencing factors were analyzed. The total prevalence rate of WMSDs among painters in the manufacturing industry was 37.4%. The prevalence of WMSDs in different vs vs P industries from high to low was shipbuilding, automobile and furniture manufacturing (50.0% 38.7% 29.0%, <0.01). The prevalence of WMSDs in different parts of the body from high to low was neck, ankle/foot, shoulder, low back, upper back, knee, vs vs vs vs vs vs vs vs P hand/wrist, hip/leg and elbow (20.7% 19.2% 17.4% 15.8% 14.1% 13.8% 13.5% 9.5% 6.6%, <0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that working in uncomfortable postures was a risk factor for neck, ankle/ P P foot and shoulder WMSDs (all <0.01); long time head turning was a risk factor for neck and shoulder WMSDs (both <0.05); P overweight and obesity, and bending and turning frequently at the same time were risk factors for ankle/foot WMSDs (all <0.05); P adequate rest time was a protective factor for neck and ankle/foot WMSDs (both <0.01); participated in physical exercise more P than once a week was a protective factor of neck and shoulder WMSDs in painters (all <0.05), after excluding the influence of Conclusion confounding factors. The prevalence of WMSDs in manufacturing painters was high, and the main body parts E mail 4813545@qq.com E mail wangzhongxu2003@163.com· · 中国职业医学 年 月第 卷第 期 , , , 482 2022 10 49 5 Chin Occup Med October 2022 Vol.49 No.5 involved were neck, ankle/foot and shoulder. The influencing factors include individual factors, poor ergonomics factors and unreasonable work organization.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 329-335, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the long-term preservation value and repair effect of normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) on clinically discarded kidneys.Methods:A case of clinical discarded donor kidney was collected, and NMP was carried out in vitro for 9 hours with recovered blood. The dynamic changes of renal appearance, blood gas and biochemistry analysis of perfusate and renal pathology were recorded. Results:In the second to fifth hour of NMP, the appearance of renal was pink and ex vivo normothermic perfusion assessment score (EVNP) was grade Ⅰ. While, the sixth hour and beyond of NMP, the appearance of kidney turned to dark red and EVNP was grade Ⅲ. The renal perfusion blood flow maintained above 150 ml/min in the first 6 hours and decreased significantly after that, and at the end, was only 50 ml/min. During the whole process of perfusion, urine output was maintained at about 100 ml/h. PO 2 remained above 100 mmHg in the first 5 hours of perfusion and from the 6th hour, was lower than 80 mmHg and continued to decline, and was close to 0 at the end of perfusion. The results showed that although the K + concentration changes in blood and urine in the first 5 hours of NMP had a good consistency, the lactic acid level had been rising. In addition, there was no significant change in the histopathology at the fourth hour of perfusion compared with that before zero-point puncture, and the fibrinous thrombus in glomeruli was improved compared with that before perfusion. However, at the sixth hour after perfusion and before the end of perfusion, the pathological changes of renal tissue were significantly worse. There were a large of thrombosis in glomerular blood vessels, renal tubular atrophy and acute tubular necrosis. Conclusions:NMP can realize the evaluation of extended criteria donors before transplantation, and it proves the feasibility and repair potential of NMP in kidney to a certain extent. At the same time, NMP also provides a new way to expand the source of donor kidney and to pre-treat organ in vitro.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 450-456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serum levels of soluble growth stimulation expression gene 2 protein (sST2) and inflammatory factors in patients with acute left ventricular ejection fraction reduction heart failure (HFrEF) treated with sacubitril/valsartan.Methods:Ninety six patients with acute HFrEF admitted in The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from March 2020 to March 2021 were enrolled. The patients were treated with sacubitril/valsartan,the dose was gradually increased from 50 mg b.i.d to the target dose of 200 mg b.i.d according to hemodynamics. After 12 weeks, the target dose was achieved in 72 cases (compliance group), and did not achieved in 24 cases (non-compliance group). The serum levels of sST2, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-αand IL-10 were measured and compared between the two groups. The changes in left atrial anteroposterial diameter (LA), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) values were assessed with echocardiography. The adverse reactions, readmission rate and all-cause death within 3 months after discharge were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 96 patients with acute HFrEF completed the follow-up, including 72 patients (75.0%) in the compliance group and 24 (25.0%) in the non-compliance group; aged 50-75 (66.1±6.7) years old, and 68 (70.8%) males. After treatment, the serum levels of sST2, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased, and the IL-10 level was increased in both groups ( P<0.05); while the improvement of serum indicators in the compliance group was more marked ( P<0.05). Echocardiography showed that the LA, LVDd, and LVEF were significantly increased after treatment ( P<0.05) in compliance group, while there was no significant changes before and after treatment in the non-compliance group. SST2, inflammatory factors and echocardiographic measurements of patients in the standard group had statistical significance before and after treatment ( P<0.05), and the difference showed a downward trend. No deterioration of renal function and angioedema were observed in both groups, and there was no significant difference in hyperkalemia (two in compliance group and one in non-compliance group), symptom hypotension (each in two groups) between the two groups (χ 2=0.12, 0.68; P>0.05). In the non-compliance group, 10 patients (41.7%) were readmitted due to heart failure, and 6 patients (25.0%) died; while there were no readmitted cases or fatal cases in compliance group (χ 2=33.49, 19.20; P<0.05). Conclusion:Early application of sacubitril and valsartan sodium in patients with acute HFrEF after hemodynamic stabilization can significantly improve left ventricular remodeling, for those with earlier escalation to the target dose, it is more beneficial. The changes of serum sST2 and inflammatory factor level after treatment may predict the efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan therapy.

17.
Ultrasonography ; : 650-660, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969221

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the value of synchronous tele-ultrasonography (TUS) for naive operators in thyroid ultrasonography (US) examinations. @*Methods@#Ninety-seven patients were included in this prospective, parallel-controlled trial. Thyroid scanning and diagnosis were completed by resident A independently, resident B with guidance from a US expert through synchronous TUS, and an on-site US expert. The on-site expert’s findings constituted the reference standard. Two other off-site US experts analyzed all data in a blind manner. Inter-operator consistency between the two residents and the on-site US expert for thyroid size measurements, nodule measurements, nodule features, American College of Radiology (ACR) Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) categories, and image quality was compared. Two questionnaires were completed to evaluate the clinical benefit. @*Results@#Resident B detected more nodules consistent with the on-site expert than resident A did (89.4% vs. 56.5%, P0.75), while resident A achieved lower consistency in ACR TI-RADS categories, composition, echogenicity, margin, echogenic foci, and vascularity (all ICCs 0.40-0.75). Residents A and B had excellent consistency in target nodule measurements (all ICCs >0.75). Resident B achieved better performance than resident A for gray values, time gain compensation, depth, color Doppler adjustment, and the visibility of key information (all P<0.05). Furthermore, 61.9% (60/97) of patients accepted synchronous TUS, and 59.8% (58/97) patients were willing to pay for it. @*Conclusion@#Synchronous TUS can help inexperienced residents achieve comparable thyroid diagnostic capability to a US expert.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 503-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the MRI features of fetal coronal cleft vertebrae, and to compare the efficacy of MRI and ultrasound in the diagnosis of fetal coronal cleft vertebrae, and to analyze the outcome of fetal coronal cleft vertebrae.Methods:From September 2019 to June 2021, 40 fetuses suspected of fetal vertebral deformities by ultrasound were retrospectively collected in Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, who were diagnosed as coronal cleft vertebrae after MRI examination. Five cases of induced labor and 14 cases lost to follow-up were excluded, and 21 fetuses who underwent MRI after delivery were finally included. The gestational weeks were 25-34 (29.1±2.6) weeks, and there were 19 males and 2 females. Fetal spine MRI includes susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) and T 2-true fast imaging with steady-state (True-FISP). The MRI features and outcome of fetal coronal cleft vertebrae were explored. The image quality scores of SWI, T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound were compared with Friedman test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The diagnostic accuracy of fetal coronal cleft vertebrae of SWI, T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound was calculated. Cochran test was used to compare the efficiency of 3 kinds of images, and the modified McNemar test was used for pairwise comparison between groups. Results:There were 10 cases of single and 11 cases of multiple fetal coronal cleft vertebrae, 16 cases of simple lumbar vertebrae, 2 cases of simple thoracic vertebrae, and 3 cases of thoracolumbar vertebrae. The common SWI features of 21 cases show longitudinal strip or dot high signal on the sagittal plane, and transverse fissure like high signal on axial plane. Anterior part of vertebral body was larger than posterior part in 19 cases of them. The image quality scores of SWI, T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound were 4 (3, 4), 2 (2, 2), 2 (2, 2), and the difference was statistically significant in general (χ2=34.24, P<0.001). Pairwise comparison showed that the image quality of SWI was better than those of T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound ( Z=-4.04, P<0.001; Z=-4.11, P<0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference between T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound ( Z=-0.58, P=0.388). The diagnostic accuracy of SWI, T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound was 100% (21/21), 66.7% (14/21), 47.6% (10/21). The diagnostic accuracy of SWI was better than those of T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound (χ2=5.14, P=0.008; χ2=9.09, P<0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference between T 2-True-FISP and ultrasound (χ2=0.75, P=0.194). MRI showed that coronal cleft vertebrae disappeared in all 21 fetuses after birth, including 1 case of syringomyelia and 1 case of fatty filum terminal. Conclusions:MRI, especially SWI, plays an important role in the diagnosis of fetal coronal cleft vertebrae. Fetal coronal cleft vertebrae disappeared in the follow-up after birth, which proved to be a normal physiological variation from the radiographic perspective.

19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 550-562, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951996

ABSTRACT

Trigeminal neuropathic pain (TNP) is a significant health problem but the involved mechanism has not been completely elucidated. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have recently been demonstrated to be expressed in the dorsal root ganglion and involved in chronic pain. Here, we show that TLR8 was persistently increased in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons in model of TNP induced by partial infraorbital nerve ligation (pIONL). In addition, deletion or knockdown of Tlr8 in the TG attenuated pIONL-induced mechanical allodynia, reduced the activation of ERK and p38-MAPK, and decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the TG. Furthermore, intra-TG injection of the TLR8 agonist VTX-2337 induced pain hypersensitivity. VTX-2337 also increased the intracellular Ca

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2346-2351, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886950

ABSTRACT

The paper aims to establish the method to determine the monosaccharide composition and monosaccharide ratio in propylene glycol alginate sodium sulphate (PSS). Samples were hydrolyzed with trifluoroacetic acid, neutralized with sodium hydroxide solution after the reaction conditions for sample pretreatment were optimized via orthogonal analysis. A high performance anion exchange chromatograghy (HPAEC) coupled with pulsed amperometric detector (PAD) was performed on a CarboPac®PA20, using 200 mmol·L-1 sodium hydroxide solution and 1 mol·L-1 sodium acetate solution as mobile phase. The established HPAEC-PAD method was validated by testing the linear relationship, precision and accuracy, and showed exclusive, sensitive, rapid and wide use. The monosaccharide composition of PSS from different manufacture can be accurately determined with great significance for the structural identification of PSS.

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