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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the quality evaluation method of Cyperi Rhizoma processed with four excipients. Method:Ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprints of raw products and processed products with four excipients of Cyperi Rhizoma were established, and the changes of chemical components in the fingerprints before and after processing were compared by chemometric analysis. The mobile phase was consisted of methanol (A)-water (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 5%-40%A; 10-30 min, 40%-70%A; 30-40 min, 70%A) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The injection volume was 3 μL, the column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 280 nm. The content changes of main index components in Cyperi Rhizoma before and after processing were compared by UPLC. The mobile phase was methanol-water (75∶25) and the detection wavelength was 242 nm. Result:Processing with four excipients had a significant impact on the overall characteristics of chemical components in the fingerprint of Cyperi Rhizoma. A total of 28 characteristic peaks were identified in fingerprints of the raw and processed products. Among them, peaks 1, 2 and 4 were specific peaks of the processed products, peak 5 was characteristic peak of the raw products. Peak 2 was identified as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, peak 24 as cyperenone and peak 27 as <italic>α</italic>-cyperone. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural produced by the processing with four excipients came from rice vinegar, rice wine and Maillard reaction of polysaccharides in Cyperi Rhizoma. The results of determination showed that there was no significant difference in the content of cyperenone after processing, but the content of <italic>α</italic>-cyperone decreased significantly. Conclusion:In the process of Cyperi Rhizoma processed with four excipients, there are new components produced by structural transformation, which are accompanied by changes in the content of index components. In this study, the quality of raw and processed products of Cyperi Rhizoma can be rapidly and effectively evaluated from qualitative and quantitative aspects.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprints of Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Argyi Folium processed with four excipients, and quantitatively analyze the 8 phenolic acids and flavonoids contained in them, in order to explore the quality evaluation method of Artemisiae Argyi Folium processed with four excipients. Method:UPLC was used with Shim-pack XR-ODS C<sub>18</sub> column (2.0 mm×75 mm, 2.2 µm), mobile phase of acetonitrile (A) -0.2% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 10%A; 1-2 min, 10%-15%A; 2-17 min, 15%-18%A; 17-24 min, 18%-28%A; 24-36 min, 28%-38%A; 36-41 min, 38%-60%A; 41-45 min, 60%-100%A), detection wavelength of 330 nm and flow rate of 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The UPLC fingerprints of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing were established, and analyzed by chemometrics. Contents of 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 3-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, jaceosidin and epuatilin in the decoction pieces were determined. Result:The fingerprints of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing were established, and the UPLC characteristic chromatograms of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing had good consistency, and the similarity was >0.94. Compared with Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the contents of 3-caffeoylquinic acid and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid had no significant change after processing, the contents of jaceosidin and epuatilin decreased after processing, while the contents of 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid increased significantly (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), their average increasing rates were 32.50%, 66.83%, 29.39%, respectively. And content of 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid was significantly decreased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01) , and the average reduction rate was 51.25%. Conclusion:The contents of chemical components in Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Argyi Folium processed with four excipients have changed to a certain extent. Among them, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid can be used as the key indicators for quality evaluation of Artemisiae Argyi Folium before and after processing.

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1427-1440, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922652

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a brain condition characterized by the recurrence of unprovoked seizures. Recent studies have shown that complement component 3 (C3) aggravate the neuronal injury in epilepsy. And our previous studies revealed that TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1) is involved in epilepsy. Whether complement C3 regulation of neuronal injury is related to the activation of TRPV1 during epilepsy is not fully understood. We found that in a mouse model of status epilepticus (SE), complement C3 derived from astrocytes was increased and aggravated neuronal injury, and that TRPV1-knockout rescued neurons from the injury induced by complement C3. Circular RNAs are abundant in the brain, and the reduction of circRad52 caused by complement C3 promoted the expression of TRPV1 and exacerbated neuronal injury. Mechanistically, disorders of neuron-glia interaction mediated by the C3-TRPV1 signaling pathway may be important for the induction of neuronal injury. This study provides support for the hypothesis that the C3-TRPV1 pathway is involved in the prevention and treatment of neuronal injury and cognitive disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes/metabolism , Complement C3/metabolism , Epilepsy , Mice , Neurons/pathology , Status Epilepticus , TRPV Cation Channels/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888030

ABSTRACT

The present study determined the quantitative markers of total proanthocyanidins in the purification of the industrial waste Choerospondias axillaris pericarp based on the comparison results of high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and mass spectrometry(MS) and optimized the purification process with two stable procyanidins as markers. The adsorption and desorption of five different macroporous adsorption resins, the static adsorption kinetics curve of NKA-Ⅱ resin, the maximum sample load, and the gradient elution were investigated. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed for qualitative analysis of the newly-prepared total proanthocyanidins of C. axillaris pericarp. As revealed by the results, NKA-Ⅱ resin displayed strong adsorption and desorption toward total proanthocyanidins. The sample solution(50 mg·mL~(-1)) was prepared from 70% ethanol crude extract of C. axillaris pericarp dissolved in water and 7-fold BV of the sample solution was loaded, followed by static adsorption for 12 h. After 8-fold BV of distilled water and 6-fold BV of 10% ethanol were employed to remove impurities, the solution was eluted with 8-fold BV of 50% ethanol, concentrated, and dried under reduced pressure, and purified total proanthocyanidin powder was therefore obtained. Measured by vanillin-hydrochloric acid method, the purity and transfer rate of total proanthocyanidins were 47.67% and 59.92%, respectively, indicating the feasibi-lity of the optimized process. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS qualitative analysis identified 16 procyanidins in C. axillaris total proanthocyanidins. The optimized purification process is simple in operation and accurate in component identification, and it can be applied to the process investigation of a class of components that are difficult to be separated and purified. It can also provide technical support and research ideas for the comprehensive utilization of industrial waste.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Anacardiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins/analysis , Resins, Synthetic , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887999

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC-MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-horn gelatin( DCG) and deer-hide gelatin( DHG) samples.The glycopeptides in DCG and DHG were quantified by Label-free quantitative( LFQ) peptidomics,on the basis of which the glycopeptides with significant difference in DCG and DHG were determined. As a result,5 736 peptides were identified from DCG samples,including 213 galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Gal-Hyl-peptides) and 102 glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides),while 6 836 peptides were identified from DHG samples,among which there were 250 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 98 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. With over 3-fold peak area difference and highly significant intergroup difference( P < 0. 01) as the screening criteria,444 differential peptides were determined in DCG and DHG,including 16 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 5 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. Then XIC peak shapes,standard deviation of peak area,and fold change were applied for further screening and 5 glycopeptides with significant differences in DCG and DHG were confirmed,which could serve as potential biomarkers for distinguishing DCG and DHG. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on the discrimination of DCG and DHG and is of good theoretical significance and application value for the further research on chemical constituents and quality control of gelatin derived Chinese medicinals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Deer , Gelatin , Glycopeptides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878883

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-hide gelatin(DHG) samples, hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on lysine sites of DHG were comprehensive identified by using PEAKS Studio software. The sites, sorts and amounts of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on Type Ⅰ collagen α1 chain(COL1 A1) and α2 chain(COL1 A2) of DHG were revealed. As a result, 5 284 peptides were identified from DHG samples, which were mainly from COL1 A1 and COL1 A2. Among these peptides, there were 449 peptides with hydroxylysine, 442 with galactosyl-hydroxylysine, 449 with glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine. The major modified sites of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation in DHG were shown as follow: α1-9 N and α2-5 N in N-telopeptides, α1-87, α1-174, α1-930, α2-87, α2-174, α2-933 in triple helix domain, and α1-16 C in C-telopeptides. These hydroxylation and O-glycosylation were correlated with the formation and stability of collagen molecules and collagen fibrils. It is feasible for the collagens and peptides dissolving from deer skin collagen fibrils under high temperature and pressure decocting, high temperature and pressure also might destroy inter-molecular covalent cross-linking and help those glycol-peptides formations. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on DHG chemical constituents, and showed good theoretical significance and application value.


Subject(s)
Animals , Deer/metabolism , Gelatin , Glycosylation , Hydroxylation , Lysine/metabolism , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 206-211, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897171

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the relationship between rumination, coping strategies, and subjective well-being (SWB) and test the mediating effects of coping strategies on rumination and SWB in patients with breast cancer (BC). @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study assessed rumination, coping strategies, and SWB using the General Well-being Schedule, the Chinese Event-Related Rumination Inventory, and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire in BC patients admitted to a tertiary general hospital in China. @*Results@#SWB was positively associated with the total score for rumination (r = .32, p < .01), deliberate rumination (r = .75, p < .01), and confrontation (r = .58, p < .01). The relationship between rumination and SWB was mediated by confrontation (indirect effect = .74). @*Conclusion@#BC diagnosis can affect patient's SWB. These findings indicate that rumination and confrontation have direct and indirect effects on SWB. Therefore, psychological interventions focused on improving coping may increase SWB. Notwithstanding, larger longitudinal studies are needed to further examine the relationship between cognitive processes, coping strategies, and SWB.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820955

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the intervention effect of systematic nutrition combined with rhythmic exercise on patients with abnormal liver metabolism. Methods According to the theory of system nutrition and health rhythm kinematics, selected 56 subjects with abnormal liver metabolism were selected, and the combined intervention of system nutrition and rhythm movement was conducted regularly every day for 3 consecutive months using the techniques such as liver transient elastography (FibroScan) and bioelectric whole body health scanning system (DDFAO). Results Compared with the pre-intervention period, the liver fat attenuation, liver hardness and liver functional activity of the subjects were significantly improved after intervention. Conclusion The systematic nutrition combined with rhythmic exercise significantly reduced the risk of abnormal liver metabolism in subjects, which may play an important role in preventing liver diseases and promoting the recovery of liver function.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873259

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the feasibility of the rapid identification system(MALDI-Biotyper System) of microorganisms for rapid identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and clinical isolation of Staphylococcus aureus. Method::Identification quality control and clinical isolation were conducted for drug resistance of S. aureus by microbial rapid identification system and broth dilution method. The scores of microbial rapid identification system were compared with the MIC value of broth dilution method. The drug resistance of P. aeruginosa was simultaneously identified to determine the accuracy and applicability of the rapid identification system of microorganisms. Result::The scores of the microbial rapid identification system showed that the score of sensitive quality control strain S. aureus was higher than 2.000, and the that of resistant strain of methicillin-resistant S. aureus(methicillin-resistant S. aureus, MRSA)was between 1.700 and 2.000.The score of clinically isolated S. aureus was between 1.700 and 2.000, which suggested the drug resistance and was consistent with the MIC value of the broth dilution method. At the same time, the systemic identification value of the P. aeruginosa, which is independent of the quality control sensitive strain, was greater than 2.000, showing sensitivity and it was a sensitive strain itself, which was consistent with the results. Conclusion::The microbial rapid identification system scoring method can be used for the rapid identification of the drug resistance of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term efficacy and safety of re-irradiation for recurrent glioma.Methods:The data of 52 patients with recurrent gliomas were collected from 2009 to 2019. The median planned targetvolume (PTV) was 73.5 cm 3(49.9-102.7 cm 3) and the median dose was 45.0 Gy (43.0-48.8 Gy). Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival assessment, log-rank test for difference assessment, and Cox’s regression model for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results:The median follow-up time was 32.6 months. The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) time were 16.1 months (95% CI, 4.1-28.1) and 8.0 months (95% CI, 4.0-12.0). The 1-, 2-and 3-year survival rates were 67%, 43% and 29%, respectively. The 6-month, 1-year and 2-year PFS rates were 67%, 40%, 26%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that KPS score and recurrence time significantly affected the OS ( P=0.012, P=0.001). KPS score and time interval between two radiotherapies significantly impacted the PFS ( P=0.003, P=0.018). Stratified analysis showed that KPS score was the independent prognostic factor of OS and PFS in patients with WHO grade Ⅱ initial pathology and reoperation after recurrence ( P<0.001, P=0.012); clinical manifestation was the independent prognostic factor of OS and PFS in patients with WHO grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ initial pathology ( P=0.006, P=0.044). The overall incidence of adverse reactions was 30.8%. Grade 1 adverse reactions accounted for 25.0%, and 5.8% for grade 2. Conclusions:Re-irradiation for recurrent glioma yields good long-term clinical efficacy and tolerable adverse reactions.

11.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 206-211, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889467

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the relationship between rumination, coping strategies, and subjective well-being (SWB) and test the mediating effects of coping strategies on rumination and SWB in patients with breast cancer (BC). @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study assessed rumination, coping strategies, and SWB using the General Well-being Schedule, the Chinese Event-Related Rumination Inventory, and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire in BC patients admitted to a tertiary general hospital in China. @*Results@#SWB was positively associated with the total score for rumination (r = .32, p < .01), deliberate rumination (r = .75, p < .01), and confrontation (r = .58, p < .01). The relationship between rumination and SWB was mediated by confrontation (indirect effect = .74). @*Conclusion@#BC diagnosis can affect patient's SWB. These findings indicate that rumination and confrontation have direct and indirect effects on SWB. Therefore, psychological interventions focused on improving coping may increase SWB. Notwithstanding, larger longitudinal studies are needed to further examine the relationship between cognitive processes, coping strategies, and SWB.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773125

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicine standard decoction is prepared on the basis of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and clinical application. With reference to the modern extraction method,the single decoction of traditional Chinese medicine is prepared by the standardized process,and the establishment of its quality standards is conducive to standardizing clinical medication. This research is to set an evaluation standard for the quality of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus standard decoction. Twelve batches of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus standard decoctions were prepared. The contents of psoralen and isopsoralen were determined,the transfer and extract rates were calculated,and the pH value was measured; HPLC fingerprint method was established for analysis. The results of the 12 batches of samples revealed that the transfer rates of psoralen and isopsoralen were 17. 10%-26. 40%,14. 70%-22. 70%,respectively; the extract rate was between 14. 7%-27. 0%,and the pH value was between 5. 4-6. 9. Moreover,7 common chromatographic peaks were determined based on fingerprint by using similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine( 2012 A).The similarities of the 12 batches of samples were analyzed and compared,and the results showed that the similarities were all higher than0. 9. In this study,the preparation method for salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus decoction was standard,with high similarities in fingerprint. This study build a convenient and reliable method of comprehensive quality evaluation,with a high precision,stability and repeatability,which can provide a reference for the quality control of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus dispensing granules.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytochemicals , Psoralea , Chemistry , Quality Control
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of threshold inspiratory muscle training (TIMT) on respiratory muscle strength and clinical outcomes for machinery ventilates patients. Methods:The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang Database, CNKI and VIP were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCT) about the effect of TIMT on respiratory muscle strength and clinical outcomes from establishment to July 1st, 2018. Two researchers strictly evaluated literature quality and extracted information, and then a Meta-analysis was carried out. Results:A total of 14 literatures were included with 650 patients, 323 cases in the experimental group and 327 cases in the control group. Compared with the control group, the massive inspiratory pressure (MIP) increased (MD = -6.65, 95%CI -8.27~-5.03, P < 0.001), the respiratory muscle strength increased (MD = -5.04, 95%CI -7.68~-2.04, P = 0.0002), the weaning time reduced (MD = -1.01, 95%CI -1.65~-0.37, P = 0.002), the mechanical ventilation time shortened (MD= -2.24, 95%CI -4.33~-0.15, P = 0.04), as well as the intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (MD= -3.41, 95%CI -6.06~-0.76, P= 0.01). There was no significant difference in maximum expiratory pressure (MEP) (MD= 1.22, 95%CI -6.55~9.00, P = 0.76), the rate of reintubation/tracheotomy (RR = 0.99, 95%CI 0.56~1.73, P = 0.96) and mortality (RR= 1.05, 95%CI 0.53~2.06, P = 0.89) between two groups. Conclusion:TIMP could improve MIP and respiratory muscle strength of patients with mechanical ventilation, shorten the weaning time, the mechanical ventilation time and the ICU length of stay, and then reduce the incidence of weaning failure.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905133

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion The number of rehabilitation nursing studies both at home and abroad increased. USA published the most literatures (893) in the world, and China ranked the seventh (117). The most leading research institute was University of Toronto (Canada) in the world, and West China Hospital (Sichuan) in China. China and other countries all focused on stroke and quality of life, but less focused on long-term outcomes of rehabilitation in China. The research fronts in the foreigns extended from hospitals to communities and nursing homes, and the subjects of service extended from inpatients to the adults and old adults. The key word emerged in 2016 was cardiovascular disease, indicating a new developing hot topics. Objective:To analyze the domestic and foreign research hot topics and research fronts of rehabilitation nursing in recent ten years. Methods:The literatures about rehabilitation nursing were retrieved from the databases of Web of Science and CNKI, from 2009 to 2018. The visualization maps were drawn with CiteSpace V software to analyse time, country, institution, research hotspots and fronts.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of combination of Tanreqing injection(Tanreqing) and imipenem-cilastatin on extensively-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDPA), and study the mechanism of the combination. Method:The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of Tanreqing and imipenem-cilastatin against planktonic XDPA strain isolated in clinic were determined by the broth microdilution method. The checkerboard method was used to evaluate the combination effect. The bacterial metabolic activity in mature biofilm was studied by microtiter-plate test. The destructive effect of combination drugs on dynamic biofilm was observed by using BioFlux system, and viable cells were examined by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) after treatment. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for observing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and length measurement. Result:The MIC values of imipenem-cilastatin and Tanreqing were 512 mg·L-1 and more than 16 500 mg·L-1. The checkerboard analysis showed that Tanreqing could enhance the sensitivity of imipenem-cilastatin, while the combination drugs synergistically inhibited the growth of bacteria. Compared with the control group or the imipenem-cilastatin individual group, the combined drugs significantly reduced the amount of living bacteria in the biofilm (PPPConclusion:Tanreqing and imipenem-cilastatin synergistically inhibit the bacterial growth in planktonic and biofilm states, and destruct biofilms.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 501-505, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the accessibility of essential medicines in medical institutions at all levels in Liaoning province, and provide reference for the improvement of related policies. METHODS: The WHO/HAI standardized approach adjusted based on China′s national conditions was adopted. The availability, median price ratio (MPR) and disease burden per capita income were used as evaluation indicators and methods. RESULTS: ① Fifty-two percent (52%) of the surveyed drugs′ availability is lower than the international general standard (50%); there was a significant difference in the availability of sample drugs at all levels of medical institutions. The specific performance was primary (27.3%) 0.05). ③In rural and urban areas, seventy-seven percent(77%) and ninety-two percent(92%) of essential medicines each have a course of treatment cost that is less than the WHO referenced standard, respectively. CONCLUSION: Under the premise that the affordability of essential medicines is good, the availability of primary medical institutions is the lowest among surveyed institutions. In order to ensure the fairness and accessibility of essential medicines, it is suggested to strengthen the supply of essential drugs for primary-level medical institutions.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1082-1087, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780171

ABSTRACT

The grading and quality analysis methods for different commercial Glycyrrhiza Polygalae Radix slices were established. The qualities of different grade samples were analyzed and compared, in order to provide useful information for the formulation of the grading standards of Glycyrrhiza Polygalae Radix slices. A total of 34 batches of Glycyrrhiza Polygalae Radix slice samples collected from 12 companies were divided into two grades: first-grade (diameter ≥ 3.0 mm) and second-grade (diameter < 3.0 mm). Thin-layer chromatography (TLC), multi-component content determination and fingerprint analysis were used to analyze the qualities of different grades of Glycyrrhiza Polygalae Radix slices, and the fingerprints were statistically analyzed using partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). The results showed that the established TLC method can simultaneously identify three major types of components, including sugar esters, xanthones, and saponins in Glycyrrhiza Polygalae Radix slices, and has obvious advantage compared to the existing methods for its rich information, low cost, and easy or safe operation. The multi-component determination showed that the contents of three index components (polygalaxanthone Ⅲ, 3,6'-disinapoyl sucrose and tenuifolin) in the first-grade products of Glycyrrhiza Polygalae Radix slices were lower than those in the second-grade products. The results of PLS-DA and OPLS-DA indicated significant differences were observed between the first-grade and second-grade products, with sibiricose A5, sibiricose A6, polygalaxanthone Ⅲ, 3,6'-disinapoyl sucrose and tenuifoliside A being identifies as the major differentiate markers.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771709

ABSTRACT

To investigate the differences of chemical compositions in Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves prepared by different processing methods. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to compare the chemical compositions between shade-dried processing and drum-dried processing. Forty six gypenosides were identified by control comparison, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MSn) fragmentation information, and literature data. The mass spectral peak area statistics was combined with principal component analysis(PCA), and the results showed that eight batches of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves samples were divided into two groups according to the two different processing methods; ten chemical compositions with significant differences were screened according to mass spectrum information combined with partial least-squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). The result showed that most parent nucleus of the gypenosides contained three to four glycosides in drum-dried samples, and one to two glycosides in the shade-dried samples. It was inferred from further MS analysis that desugarization of gypenosides was present to produce secondary glycosides with the effect of glucosidase in the shade-drying, thus resulting in difference in compositions. This study provided data support for harvesting, processing and quality control of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gynostemma , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry
19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 243-246, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731461

ABSTRACT

@#The lens is a transparent tissue without vessel, which is mainly composed of a layer of epithelium cells and differentiating fiber cells. With aging, lens opacity can deteriorate vision significantly and even result in blindness, which is termed as age-related cataract(ARC). A fully developed treatment method of ARC is surgery, while a few cataracts in the initial stage can be suppressed via drugs efficiently.This paper introduced relevant drugs and important ingredients that can suppress and prevent ARC, and then summarizes clinical applications and existing researches with respect to drug treatments in the process of cataract suppression and treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667995

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of HPV16 E5 on the expression of EGFR,p21,p53 and Rb in the human immortalized oral epithelial cell(HIOEC),and to discuss the potential mechanism of HPV16 E5 in the occurrence and development of oral squamous cell carcinoma.Methods Open reading frame of HPV16 E5 was cloned into the lentiviral vector pLOV-N to prepare recombinant plasmid pLOV-E5,which was stably transfected into HIOEC.EGFR,p21,p53 and Rb were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot on the mRNA level and the protein level,respectively.Cell proliferation after stable trasfection was evaluated by MTT assay.Results After stable trasfection of HPV16 E5,the protein levels of EGFR,p21 and p53 in HIOEC were markedly overexpressed,as well as the mRNA levels of p21 and p53 (P =0.00,0.02).However,the mRNA levels of EGFR had no obvious change after trasfection.There were also no significant changes of Rb on the mRNA and protein levels.Compared with the control ceils,the proliferation activity of HIOEC/pLOV-E5 cells was significantly increased (P =0.00).Conclusion HPV16 E5 can stimulate the expression of EGFR,p21 and p53 as well as the proliferation of HIOEC.

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