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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 974-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998989

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveNocardia is an apathogen that causes opportunistic infections in humans and has a global distribution. In recent years, resistance of Nocardia to commonly used drugs have been observed, highlighting the urgent need for the identification of new drug targets and the development of novel antimicrobial agents against Nocardia. MethodsThirty-one complete genome sequences of Nocardia strains were retrieved from the GenBank database. Pan-genomic analysis was performed using BPGA, and drug target candidates were screened using subtractive proteomics. Homology modeling was employed to predict the 3D structures of target proteins, and potential drugs targeting these proteins were predicted using DrugBank. Molecular docking techniques were utilized to validate the binding activity between the drugs and target proteins. ResultsThe pan-genomic analysis of the 31 Nocardia strains revealed 1 421 core proteins. Fifteen candidate drug target proteins were identified through subtractive proteomics analysis. Among them, the physicochemical properties of the OG1493 protein (such as amino acid count, molecular weight, isoelectric point, grand average of hydropathicity, fat index,and instability index Ⅱ) were found to be most suitable for a drug target protein. Using the DrugBank database, seven compounds, namely Adenosine-5'-Rp-Alpha-Thio-Triphosphate, alpha,beta-Methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate, Phosphoaminophosphonic Acid-Adenylate Ester ,Radicicol,2-Hydroxyestradiol, p-Coumaric acid, and Ethylmercurithiosalicylic acid were identified as potential compounds capable of exerting anti-Nocardia effects by targeting this protein. Molecular docking results indicated a strong binding affinity between the target protein and these compounds. The experimental result showed that that Radicicol could be a potential antibacterial drug targeting this particular protein. ConclusionPan-genomic analysis and subtractive proteomics are valuable approaches for mining novel anti-Nocardia drug targets.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1189-1195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976494

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the distribution of refractive parameters and theirs correlation with spherical equivalent(SE)in preschool children aged 3 to 6 years, and evaluate the accuracy of each screening index in diagnosing refractive errors.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 791 preschool children, ranging from 3 to 6 years old, who consented to undergo mydriatic refraction were selected. Axial length(AL), corneal refractive power(K), and SE were measured after microcoria optometry and mydriatic optometry. Additionally, the corneal radius of curvature(CR)and the axial length/corneal radius of curvature(AL/CR)ratio were calculated.RESULTS: A total of 791 students participated in the study, out of which 400(50.6%)were male and 391(49.4%)were female. The mean values for AL, CR, AL/CR, and SE were 22.62±0.94mm, 7.81±0.29mm, 2.90±0.09, and +1.95±1.31D, respectively. AL, CR, and AL/CR increased with age. AL and CR were significantly higher in males than in females(all P<0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference between AL/CR and SE in males and females(P=0.82, 0.19). The correlation coefficients of SE and AL/CR, AL and CR were -0.86, -0.50 and 0.16, respectively. The results of multiple linear regression analysis indicate that for each unit increase in AL/CR, there was a corresponding shift of 10.91 towards myopia in SE. The sensitivity of AL/CR in screening for myopia was 94.44%, with a specificity of 90.46% and a Youden index of 0.84. For screening myopia under microcoria optometry, the sensitivity was 100%, with a specificity of 66.09% and a Youden index of 0.66. The area under the curve was 0.967 and 0.809 when the ROC curves were plotted using AL/CR and AL as indicators for screening myopia, respectively.CONCLUSION: For large group screening activities where mydriatic optometry is not feasible, AL/CR is better for evaluating refractive status and identifying children with myopia and hyperopia reserve that are lower than normal for their age, compared to AL and microcoria optometry.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 244-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976250

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the infection situation of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B among pregnant women in Yueyang City, to provide formulated treatment and intervention measures to reduce mother-to-child transmission, and to improve the quality of birth population. MethodsA total of 24 546 pregnant women who agreed to take the tests of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B from January 2018 to December 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. ResultsThe positive rate of human immunodeficiency virus antibody (anti-HIV) was 0.045%; positive rates of syphilis antibody (anti-TP) and HBsAg were 4.64% and 0.64%, respectively. The positive rates of anti-HIV, anti-TP and HBsAg varied from 2018 to 2021, but the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The positive rate of HBsAg increased gradually with the increase of maternal age, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). There were 16 mixed infections among 1 309 positive cases, 15 of which were hepatitis B and syphilis mixed infections. ConclusionThe infection of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B in pregnant women in Yueyang City is relatively high. The screening of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B before pregnancy is helpful to prevent and reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of infectious diseases in time, which is of great significance to eugenic and eugenic education.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 876-885, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a visual reporting system for evaluating the activity of collagen Ⅰ α 1 chain (COL1A1) gene promoter in immortalized human hepatic stellate cells, so as to estimate the activation status of the cells and provide a new cell model for the screening and study of anti-hepatic fibrosis drugs.@*METHODS@#The promoter sequence of human COL1A1 was amplified from the genomic DNA of human hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2. Based on the pLVX-AcGFP1-N1 plasmid, the recombinant plasmid pLVX-COL1A1-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was constructed, in which the enhanced green fluorescent protein gene expression was regulated by the COL1A1 promoter. The monoclonal cell line was acquired by stably transfecting pLVX-COL1A1-EGFP into the immortalized human hepatic stellate cell line LX-2 by the lentivirus packaging system and screening. The cell line was treated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) or co-treated with TGF-β1 and drugs with potential anti-hepatic fibrosis effects. The EGFP fluorescence intensity in cells was analyzed by the fluorescence microscope and ImageJ 1.49 software using a semi-quantitative method. The COL1A1 and EGFP mRNA were detected by reverse transcription real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and corresponding proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant plasmid pLVX-COL1A1-EGFP with the expression of EGFP regulated by COL1A1 promoter was successfully constructed. Kozak sequence was added to enhance the expression of EGFP, which was identified by double digestion and sequencing. The LX-2 monoclonal cell line LX-2-CE stably transfected with pLVX-COL1A1-EGFP was obtained. After co-treatment with TGF-β1 and 5 μmol/L dihydrotanshinone Ⅰ with potential anti-hepatic fibrosis effect for 24 h, the total fluorescence intensity and the average fluorescence intensity of LX-2-CE were lower than those in TGF-β1 single treatment group (P < 0.05), the intracellular mRNA and protein levels of COL1A1 and EGFP were also lower than those in the TGF-β1 single treatment group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A reporter system for estimating activation of hepatic stellate cells based on COL1A1 promoter regulated EGFP expression is successfully constructed, which could visually report the changes in COL1A1 expression, one of the activation-related markers of hepatic stellate cells, in vitro. It provides a new cell model for the screening and study of anti-hepatic fibrosis drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the changes of periodontal phenotype (width of keratinized gingiva, thickness and height of alveolar bone) of lower anterior teeth in patients with skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion before and after the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment.@*METHODS@#In the study, 20 patients with skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion (6 males and 14 females) completed the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment were included from March 2017 to June 2022, with 39 central incisors, 40 lateral incisors and 40 canines. The mean age was (25.40±4.27) years (20-34 years). The mean follow-up time was (3.70±1.05) years from the beginning of periodontal corticotomy regenerative surgery (PCRS) to the end of the combined treatment. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used to measure the thickness, area and height of alveolar bone by the same researcher, taken before the PCRS (T0), 6 months after the PCRS (T1), 12 months after the PCRS (T2), before the orthognathic surgery (T3), and after the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment (T4). The periodontal clinical parameters were used to evaluate changes in the soft tissue by another researcher, measured before the PCRS (T0) and after the combined treatment (T4). Changes of soft and hard tissue were evaluated by the periodontal phenotype.@*RESULTS@#The width of keratinized gingiva increased significantly (all P < 0.001) in lower anterior teeth, the central incisors, lateral incisors and canines increased by (1.82±1.57) mm, (2.03±1.48) mm and (2.05±1.27) mm, respectively. The proportion of thick periodontal biotype in the central and lateral incisors increased significantly (all P < 0.001), while the changes of periodontal biotypes in the lower canines were not obvious. The thickness of labial alveolar bone of lower anterior teeth all increased significantly after periodontal corticotomy regenerative surgery and the combined treatment (all P < 0.001). The area of labial alveolar bone of lower anterior teeth also increased significantly after the combined treatment (all P < 0.001). The whole area of labial and lingual alveolar bone of central and lateral incisors increased (P < 0.001), while the whole area of canines remained the same. All The height of the alveolar bone increased (all P < 0.001) on the labial side after the treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The periodontal phenotypes of lower anterior teeth were significantly improved after the periodontal-orthodontic-orthognathic combined treatment in patients with skeletal Angle class Ⅲ malocclusion. The improvement was long-termly stable, and the periodontal risk was reduced.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures , Incisor , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 233-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an intestinal organoid model that mimic acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) caused intestinal injuries by using aGVHD murine model serum and organoid culture system, and explore the changes of aGVHD intestine in vitro by advantage of organoid technology.@*METHODS@#20-22 g female C57BL/6 mice and 20-22 g female BALB/c mice were used as donors and recipients for bone marrow transplantation, respectively. Within 4-6 h after receiving a lethal dose (8.0 Gy) of γ ray total body irradiation, a total of 0.25 ml of murine derived bone marrow cells (1×107/mice, n=20) and spleen nucleated cells (5×106/mice, n=20) was infused to establish a mouse model of aGVHD (n=20). The aGVHD mice were anesthetized at the 7th day after transplantation, and the veinal blood was harvested by removing the eyeballs, and the serum was collected by centrifugation. The small intestinal crypts of healthy C57BL/6 mice were harvested and cultivated in 3D culture system that maintaining the growth and proliferation of intestinal stem cells in vitro. In our experiment, 5%, 10%, 20% proportions of aGVHD serum were respectively added into the organoid culture system for 3 days. The formation of small intestinal organoids were observed under an inverted microscope and the morphological characteristics of intestinal organoids in each groups were analyzed. For further evaluation, the aGVHD intestinal organoids were harvested and their pathological changes were observed. Combined with HE staining, intestinal organ morphology evaluation was performed. Combined with Alcian Blue staining, the secretion function of aGVHD intestinal organoids was observed. The distribution and changes of Lgr5+ and Clu+ intestinal stem cells in intestinal organoids were analyzed under the conditions of 5%, 10% and 20% serum concentrations by immunohistochemical stainings.@*RESULTS@#The results of HE staining showed that the integrity of intestinal organoids in the 5% concentration serum group was better than that in the 10% and 20% groups. The 5% concentration serum group showed the highest number of organoids, the highest germination rate and the lowest pathological score among experimental groups, while the 20% group exhibited severe morphological destruction and almost no germination was observed, and the pathological score was the highest among all groups(t=3.668, 4.334,5.309,P<0.05). The results of Alican blue staining showed that the secretion function of intestinal organoids in serum culture of aGVHD in the 20% group was weaker than that of the 5% group and 10% of the organoids, and there was almost no goblet cells, and mucus was stainned in the 20% aGVHD serum group. The immunohistochemical results showed that the number of Lgr5+ cells of intestinal organoids in the 5% group was more than that of the intestinal organoids in the 10% aGVHD serum group and 20% aGVHD serum group. Almost no Clu+ cells were observed in the 5% group. The Lgr5+ cells in the 20% group were seriously injuried and can not be observed. The proportion of Clu+ cells in the 20% group significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The concentration of aGVHD serum in the culture system can affect the number and secretion function of intestinal organoids as well as the number of intestinal stem cells in organoids. The higher the serum concentration, the greater the risk of organoid injury, which reveal the characteristics of the formation and functional change of aGVHD intestinal organoids, and provide a novel tool for the study of intestinal injury in aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Female , Animals , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Stem Cells , Organoids
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 58-65, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971003

ABSTRACT

Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is observed in 1%-2% of males presenting with infertility and is clearly associated with cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations. CFTR is one of the most well-known genes related to male fertility. The frequency of CFTR mutations or impaired CFTR expression is increased in men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). CFTR mutations are highly polymorphic and have established ethnic specificity. Compared with F508Del in Caucasians, the p.G970D mutation is reported to be the most frequent CFTR mutation in Chinese patients with cystic fibrosis. However, whether p.G970D participates in male infertility remains unknown. Herein, a loss-of-function CFTR p.G970D missense mutation was identified in a patient with CBAVD and NOA. Subsequent retrospective analysis of 122 Chinese patients with CBAVD showed that the mutation is a common pathogenic mutation (4.1%, 5/122), excluding polymorphic sites. Furthermore, we generated model cell lines derived from mouse testes harboring the homozygous Cftr p.G965D mutation equivalent to the CFTR variant in patients. The Cftr p.G965D mutation may be lethal in spermatogonial stem cells and spermatogonia and affect the proliferation of spermatocytes and Sertoli cells. In spermatocyte GC-2(spd)ts (GC2) Cftr p.G965D cells, RNA splicing variants were detected and CFTR expression decreased, which may contribute to the phenotypes associated with impaired spermatogenesis. Thus, this study indicated that the CFTR p.G970D missense mutation might be a pathogenic mutation for CBAVD in Chinese males and associated with impaired spermatogenesis by affecting the proliferation of germ cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Male , Mutation, Missense , Retrospective Studies , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Mutation , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Spermatogenesis/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 42-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970950

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the demographic characteristics and clinical influencing factors which associates with the occurrence probability of persistent or intermittent hypoviremia (LLV) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs). Methods: A single-center retrospective analysis was performed on patients with CHB who received outpatient NAs therapy for≥48 ± 2 weeks. According to the serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA load at 48±2 weeks treatment, the study groups were divided into LLV (HBV DNA < 20 IU/ml and < 2 000 IU/ml) and MVR group (sustained virological response, HBV DNA < 20 IU/ml). Demographic characteristics and clinical data at the start of NAs treatment (considered as baseline) were retrospectively collected for both patient groups. The differences in the reduction of HBV DNA load during treatment was compared between the two groups. Correlation and multivariate analysis were further conducted to analyze the associated factors influencing the LLV occurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using the independent samples t-test, c2 test, Spearman analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, or area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: A total of 509 cases were enrolled, with 189 and 320 in the LLV and MVR groups, respectively. Compared to patients with MVR group at baseline: (1) the demographics characteristics of patients showed that LLV group was younger in age (39.1 years, P = 0.027), had a stronger family history (60.3%, P = 0.001), 61.9% received ETV treatment, and higher proportion of compensated cirrhosis (20.6%, P = 0.025) at baseline; (2) the serum virological characteristics of patients showed that LLV group had higher HBV DNA load, qHBsAg level, qHBeAg level, HBeAg positive rate, and the proportion of genotype C HBV infection but decreased HBV DNA during treatment (P < 0.001) at baseline; (3) the biochemical characteristics of patients showed that LLV group had lower serum ALT levels (P = 0.007) at baseline; (4) the noninvasive fibrosis markers of patients showed that LLV group were characterized by high aspartate aminotransferase platelet ratio index (APRI) (P = 0.02) and FIB-4 (P = 0.027) at baseline. HBV DNA, qHBsAg and qHBeAg were positively correlated with LLV occurrence (r = 0.559, 0.344, 0.435, respectively), while age and HBV DNA reduction were negatively correlated (r = -0.098, -0.876, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that ETV treatment history, high HBV DNA load at baseline, high qHBsAg level, high qHBeAg level, HBeAg positive, low ALT and HBV DNA level were independent risk factors for patients with CHB who developed LLV with NAs treatment. Multivariate prediction model had a good predictive value for LLV occurrence [AUC 0.922 (95%CI: 0.897 ~ 0.946)]. Conclusion: In this study, 37.1% of CHB patients treated with first-line NAs has LLV. The formation of LLV is influenced by various factors. HBeAg positivity, genotype C HBV infection, high baseline HBV DNA load, high qHBsAg level, high qHBeAg level, high APRI or FIB-4 value, low baseline ALT level, reduced HBV DNA during treatment, concomitant family history, metabolic liver disease history, and age < 40 years old are potential risk factors for developing LLV in patients with CHB during the therapeutic process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hepatitis B e Antigens , DNA, Viral , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Demography
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 732-738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the genotypes of the pathogenic gene COL4A5 and the characteristics of clinical phenotypes in children with Alport syndrome (AS).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the genetic testing results and clinical data of 19 AS children with COL4A5 gene mutations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 19 children with AS caused by COL4A5 gene mutations, 1 (5%) carried a new mutation of the COL4A5 gene, i.e., c.3372A>G(p.P1124=) and presented with AS coexisting with IgA vasculitis nephritis; 3 children (16%) had large fragment deletion of the COL4A5 gene, among whom 2 children (case 7 had a new mutation site of loss51-53) had gross hematuria and albuminuria at the onset, and 1 child (case 13 had a new mutation site of loss3-53) only had microscopic hematuria, while the other 15 children (79%) had common clinical phenotypes of AS, among whom 7 carried new mutations of the COL4A5 gene. Among all 19 children, 3 children (16%) who carried COL4A5 gene mutations also had COL4A4 gene mutations, and 1 child (5%) had COL4A3 gene mutations. Among these children with double gene mutations, 2 had gross hematuria and proteinuria at the onset.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study expands the genotype and phenotype spectrums of the pathogenic gene COL4A5 for AS. Children with large fragment deletion of the COL4A5 gene or double gene mutations of COL4A5 with COL4A3 or COL4A4 tend to have more serious clinical manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nephritis, Hereditary/pathology , Hematuria/complications , Retrospective Studies , Collagen Type IV/genetics , Genotype , Mutation
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1082-1088, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980857

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a key biomarker for cancer immunotherapy and prognosis. Integration of MSI testing into a next-generation-sequencing (NGS) panel could save tissue sample, reduce turn-around time and cost, and provide MSI status and comprehensive genomic profiling in single test. We aimed to develop an MSI calling model to detect MSI status along with the NGS panel-based profiling test using tumor-only samples.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to December 2020, a total of 174 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients were enrolled, including 31 MSI-high (MSI-H) and 143 microsatellite stability (MSS) cases. Among them, 56 paired tumor and normal samples (10 MSI-H and 46 MSS) were used for modeling, and another 118 tumor-only samples were used for validation. MSI polymerase chain reaction (MSI-PCR) was performed as the gold standard. A baseline was built for the selected microsatellite loci using the NGS data of 56 normal blood samples. An MSI detection model was constructed by analyzing the NGS data of tissue samples. The performance of the model was compared with the results of MSI-PCR.@*RESULTS@#We first intersected the target genomic regions of the NGS panels used in this study to select common microsatellite loci. A total of 42 loci including 23 mononucleotide repeat sites and 19 longer repeat sites were candidates for modeling. As mononucleotide repeat sites are more sensitive and specific for detecting MSI status than sites with longer length motif and the mononucleotide repeat sites performed even better than the total sites, a model containing 23 mononucleotide repeat sites was constructed and named Colorectal Cancer Microsatellite Instability test (CRC-MSI). The model achieved 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity when compared with MSI-PCR in both training and validation sets. Furthermore, the CRC-MSI model was robust with the tumor content as low as 6%. In addition, 8 out of 10 MSI-H samples showed alternations in the four mismatch repair genes ( MLH1 , MSH2 , MSH6 , and PMS2 ).@*CONCLUSION@#MSI status can be accurately determined along the targeted NGS panels using only tumor samples. The performance of mononucleotide repeat sites surpasses loci with longer repeat motif in MSI calling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microsatellite Instability , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , DNA Mismatch Repair
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1454-1460, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980532

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of the intravitreal injection of vascular endothelial growth factor-A165(VEGF-A165)on the scleral remodeling of guinea pigs with form-deprivation myopia(FDM).METHODS: A total of 120 tricolor guinea pigs, aged three weeks, were randomly divided into 6 groups, with 20 in each group. The blank group did not undergo any intervention. In the FDM group, only the FDM model was established. In the phosphate buffer saline(PBS)group, 2.5 μL of PBS was injected into the vitreous cavity before establishing the FDM model. In the 1ng group, 5ng group, and 10ng group, VEGF-A165 was injected into the vitreous cavity at concentrations of 1, 5 and 10ng, respectively, before the establishment of the FDM model. The FDM model was established by covering the right eyes of guinea pigs with translucent balloons for 14d. The diopter and axial length of the right eyes were measured before and after covering. After 14d, the content of dopamine(DA)in retina was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Additionally, the mRNA and protein expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2(TIMP-2), transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1, TGF-β2 and α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA)in sclera were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)and Western blot.RESULTS: Before covering, there were no significant differences in the diopter and axial length of the right eyes of guinea pigs in all groups(P&#x003E;0.05). After 14d of modeling, when compared with the blank group, FDM group showed an increase in the degree of myopia in the right eye, a prolongation of the axial length, a decrease in the content of DA in the retina, and an increase in the expression of MMP-2, TGF-β2 and α-SMA in the sclera. Conversely, the expression of TIMP-2 and TGF-β1 were decreased(P&#x003C;0.01). However, in comparison to the FDM group, the degree of myopia in the 1ng, 5ng, and 10ng groups of guinea pigs decreased, the growth trend of axial length slowed, the content of DA in the retina increased, and the expression of MMP-2, TGF-β2 and α-SMA in the sclera decreased. Furthermore, the expression of TIMP-2 and TGF-β1 in the sclera increased(P&#x003C;0.01). As the concentration of intravitreal injection of VEGF-A165 increased, the degree of myopia in the right eye of guinea pigs gradually increased, and the axial length gradually prolonged. The content of DA in the retina gradually decreased, the expression of MMP-2, TGF-β2, and α-SMA in the sclera gradually increased, while the expression of TIMP-2 and TGF-β1 decreased gradually.CONCLUSION: Intravitreal injection of VEGF-A165 can increase the content of DA in the retina of FDM guinea pigs, affect the expression of MMP-2, TIMP-2, TGF-β1, TGF-β2 and α-SMA in the sclera, and inhibit scleral remodeling of guinea pigs. Notably, the VEGF-A165 at the concentration of 1ng showed the most significant efficacy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 362-370, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969899

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the correlation between the prenatal exposure of per-/polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and the neonatal outcome. Methods: A total of 506 maternal infant cohort samples were collected in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province from 2020 to 2021. The exposure levels of seven PFASs in maternal serum before delivery were detected by solid-phase extraction-ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Multivariable linear regression model was used to analyze the influence of prenatal exposure of PFASs on birth weight, birth length and Apgar score. Results: The maternal age, prenatal body mass index and gestation age were (31.3±4.3) years old, (26.7±3.2) kg/m2 and (265.0±28.3) days, respectively. The birth weight, birth length and scores of Apgar-1 and Apgar-5 were (3.1±0.8) kg, (49.3±2.9) cm, (9.88±0.47) points and (9.99±0.13) points, respectively. PFASs were widely distributed in maternal serum, with the highest concentration of (18.453±19.557) ng/ml, (6.756±9.379) ng/ml and (5.057±8.555) ng/ml for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and 6∶2 chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (Cl-PFESA), respectively. Maternal age, parity and delivery mode were associated with the exposure level of PFASs (P<0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that PFOS had negative effects on birth weight (β=-0.958), birth length (β=-0.073) and Apgar-5 score (β=-0.288) for neonates in the low birth weight (LBW) group. 6∶2 Cl-PFESA and 8∶2 Cl-PFESA inhibited the birth weight (β=-0.926; β=-0.552) and length (β=-0.074; β=-0.045) of newborn in the LBW group. In addition, 4∶2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (FTS) was associated with increased birth weight (β=0.111) and decreased Apgar-5 score (β=-0.030) in the normal weight group. Conclusion: Prenatal exposure to PFASs is associated with birth weight, birth length and Apgar-5 score. It is necessary to continue to pay attention to the impact of PFASs on fetal growth and development through maternal-fetal transmission.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Adult , Birth Weight , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Alkanesulfonic Acids/analysis , Alkanesulfonates/analysis , Fluorocarbons/analysis , Ethers/analysis , Ethyl Ethers/analysis , Environmental Pollutants/analysis , Maternal Exposure
13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 543-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and short-term prognosis of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated acute encephalopathy (AE). Methods: Retrospective cohort study. The clinical data, radiological features and short-term follow-up of 22 cases diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated AE in the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital from December 2022 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into cytokine storm group, excitotoxic brain damage group and unclassified encephalopathy group according to the the clinicopathological features and the imaging features. The clinical characteristics of each group were analyzed descriptively. Patients were divided into good prognosis group (≤2 scores) and poor prognosis group (>2 scores) based on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of the last follow-up. Fisher exact test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the two groups. Results: A total of 22 cases (12 females, 10 males) were included. The age of onset was 3.3 (1.7, 8.6) years. There were 11 cases (50%) with abnormal medical history, and 4 cases with abnormal family history. All the enrolled patients had fever as the initial clinical symptom, and 21 cases (95%) developed neurological symptoms within 24 hours after fever. The onset of neurological symptoms included convulsions (17 cases) and disturbance of consciousness (5 cases). There were 22 cases of encephalopathy, 20 cases of convulsions, 14 cases of speech disorders, 8 cases of involuntary movements and 3 cases of ataxia during the course of the disease. Clinical classification included 3 cases in the cytokine storm group, all with acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE); 9 cases in the excitotoxicity group, 8 cases with acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) and 1 case with hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia syndrome; and 10 cases of unclassified encephalopathy. Laboratory studies revealed elevated glutathione transaminase in 9 cases, elevated glutamic alanine transaminase in 4 cases, elevated blood glucose in 3 cases, and elevated D-dimer in 3 cases. Serum ferritin was elevated in 3 of 5 cases, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurofilament light chain protein was elevated in 5 of 9 cases, serum cytokines were elevated in 7 of 18 cases, and CSF cytokines were elevated in 7 of 8 cases. Cranial imaging abnormalities were noted in 18 cases, including bilateral symmetric lesions in 3 ANE cases and "bright tree appearance" in 8 AESD cases. All 22 cases received symptomatic treatment and immunotherapy (intravenous immunoglobulin or glucocorticosteroids), and 1 ANE patient received tocilizumab. The follow-up time was 50 (43, 53) d, and 10 patients had a good prognosis and 12 patients had a poor prognosis. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of epidemiology, clinical manifestations, biochemical indices, and duration of illness to initiate immunotherapy (all P>0.05). Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 infection is also a major cause of AE. AESD and ANE are the common AE syndromes. Therefore, it is crucial to identify AE patients with fever, convulsions, and impaired consciousness, and apply aggressive therapy as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cytokine Release Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Brain Diseases/etiology , Prognosis , Seizures , Cytokines
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 990-998, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985624

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate HPV prevalence and type distribution in Chinese juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP) patients. Methods: We searched China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang data, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies assessing HPV infection of Chinese JoRRP patients up to 1 October, 2022. Two authors independently performed literature selection, data extraction, and quality assessment. HPV prevalence and HPV type-specific prevalence were pooled using a random effects model after Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation. All analyses were performed with R 4.1.3 software. Results: Nineteen publications investigating HPV infection of JoRRP patients were included in the final analyses. Of these, 16 studies reported HPV prevalence with a sample size of 1 528 patients, and 11 studies reported HPV6 prevalence and HPV11 prevalence with a sample size of 611 patients. All studies were graded as medium quality. In Chinese JoRRP patients, the synthesized HPV prevalence was 92.0% (95%CI:86.0%-96.6%, I2=87%), HPV6 prevalence was 42.4% (95%CI:34.9%-50.1%, I2=61%), and HPV11 prevalence was 72.3% (95%CI:59.0%-83.9%, I2=87%). All the pooled prevalence persisted in subgroup analyses stratified by publication year, sample size, and specimen type (P>0.05). There was no evidence of publication bias. In Chinese JoRRP patients, HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 52, and 58 prevalence was very low. Conclusions: Our findings suggested high HPV prevalence in Chinese JoRRP patients, and the most common HPV types were HPV6 and HPV11.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomaviridae , East Asian People , Prevalence
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 581-586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985530

ABSTRACT

Objective: To forecast mortality, age-standardized mortality, and probability of premature mortality from diabetes, and to simulate the impact of controlling risk factors by 2030 in China. Methods: We simulated the burden of disease from diabetes in six scenarios according to the development goals of risk factors control by the WHO and Chinese government. Based on the theory of comparative risk assessment and the estimates of the burden of disease for China from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, we used the proportional change model to project the number of deaths, age-standardized mortality, and probability of premature mortality from diabetes under different scenarios of risk factors control in 2030. Results: If the trends in exposures to risk factors from 1990 to 2015 continued. Mortality, age-standardized mortality, and probability of premature mortality from diabetes would increase to 32.57/100 000, 17.32/100 000, and 0.84% by 2030, respectively. During that time, mortality, age-standardized mortality and probability of premature mortality for males would all be higher than for females. If the goals of controlling risk factors were all achieved, the number of deaths from diabetes in 2030 would decrease by 62.10% compared to the predicted numbers based on the historical trends in exposure to risk factors, and the probability of premature mortality would drop to 0.29%. If only the exposure to a single risk factor were achieved by 2030, high fasting plasma glucose control would have the greatest impact on diabetes, resulting in a 56.00% reduction in deaths compared to the predicted numbers based on the historical trends, followed by high BMI (4.92%), smoking (0.65%), and low physical activity (0.53%). Conclusions: Risk factors control plays an important role in reducing the number of deaths, age-standardized mortality rate, and probability of premature mortality from diabetes. We suggest taking comprehensive measures to control relevant risk factors for certain populations and regions, to achieve the goal of reducing the burden of disease from diabetes as expected.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Mortality, Premature , Smoking , Cost of Illness , China/epidemiology , Global Burden of Disease
16.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 958-964, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984249

ABSTRACT

Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a new type of persistent organic pollutants that have received extensive attention in recent years. This article reviewed the population characteristics of environmental exposure to PFAS, as well as the potential health effects. Previous studies have verified that people are exposed to PFAS mainly through ingestion, and food and water are the dominant contributors. In terms of exposure characteristics, geographical, gender, age, and occupational differences have an impact on the level of PFAS exposure in the corresponding populations by influencing their behavioral characteristics and metabolic levels, with occupational exposure receiving more attention, especially in the exploration of novel PFAS. PFAS associate with a variety of adverse health effects caused by hepatorenal toxicity, immunotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, neurotoxicity, and carcinogenicity. However, some of the conclusions are not completely consistent, and the published epidemiological studies have focused on children and young people, lacking relevant data of the elderly. Future research can pay more attention to the elderly population and carry out validation exploration on controversial conclusions.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 620-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of maximal rate of left ventricular pressure (dp/dtmax) in evaluating the changes of cardiac function before and after heart rate reduction in patients with sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC).@*METHODS@#A single-center, prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. Adult patients with sepsis/septic shock admitted to the department of intensive care unit (ICU) of Tianjin Third Central Hospital from April 1, 2020 to February 28, 2022 were enrolled. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and pulse indication continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring were performed immediately after the completion of the 1 h-Bundle therapy. The patients with heart rate over 100 beats/minutes were selected and randomly divided into esmolol group and regular treatment group, 55 cases in each group. All patients underwent STE and PiCCO monitoring at 6, 24 and 48 hours after admission in ICU and calculated acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA). Primary outcome measure: change in dp/dtmax after reducing heart rate by esmolol. Secondary outcome measures: correlation between dp/dtmax and global longitudinal strain (GLS); changes of vasoactive drug dosage, oxygen delivery (DO2), oxygen consumption (VO2) and stroke volume (SV) after the administration of esmolol; proportion of heart rate reaching the target after the administration of esmolol; 28-day and 90-day mortality in two groups.@*RESULTS@#Baseline data on age, gender, body mass index, SOFA score, APACHE II score, heart rate, mean arterial pressure, lactic acid, 24-hour fluid balance, sepsis etiology and prior comorbidities were similar between esmolol group and regular treatment group, there were no significant differences between the two groups. All SIC patients achieved the target heart rate after 24 hours of esmolol treatment. Compared with regular treatment group, parameters reflecting myocardial contraction such as GLS, global ejection fraction (GEF) and dp/dtmax were significantly increased in esmolol group [GLS: (-12.55±4.61)% vs. (-10.73±4.82)%, GEF: (27.33±4.62)% vs. (24.18±5.35)%, dp/dtmax (mmHg/s): 1 312.1±312.4 vs. 1 140.9±301.0, all P < 0.05], and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) significantly decreased [μg/L: 1 364.52 (754.18, 2 389.17) vs. 3 508.85 (1 433.21, 6 988.12), P < 0.05], DO2 and SV were significantly increased [DO2 (mL×min-1×m-2): 647.69±100.89 vs. 610.31±78.56, SV (mL): 49.97±14.71 vs. 42.79±15.77, both P < 0.05]. The system vascular resistance index (SVRI) in esmolol group was significantly higher than that in regular treatment group (kPa×s×L-1: 287.71±66.32 vs. 251.17±78.21, P < 0.05), even when the dosage of norepinephrine was similar between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis showed that dp/dtmax was negatively correlated with GLS in SIC patients at 24 hours and 48 hours after ICU admission (r values were -0.916 and -0.935, respectively, both P < 0.05). Although there was no significant difference in 28-day mortality between esmolol group and regular treatment group [30.9% (17/55) vs. 49.1% (27/55), χ2 = 3.788, P = 0.052], the rate of esmolol use in patients who died within 28 days was lower than that in patients who survived [38.6% (17/44) vs. 57.6% (38/66), χ2 = 3.788, P = 0.040]. In addition, esmolol has no effect on the 90-day mortality of patients. Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for SOFA score and DO2 factors, patients who used esmolol had a significantly lower risk of 28-day mortality compared with patients who did not use esmolol [odds ratio (OR) = 2.700, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.038-7.023, P = 0.042].@*CONCLUSIONS@#dp/dtmax in PiCCO parameter can be used as a bedside indicator to evaluate cardiac function in SIC patients due to its simplicity and ease of operation. Esmolol control of heart rate in SIC patients can improve cardiac function and reduce short-term mortality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Prospective Studies , Ventricular Pressure , Sepsis/complications , Shock, Septic/drug therapy , Cardiomyopathies/etiology , Prognosis
18.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 311-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pregnancy during the prevalence of Omikjon.Methods:Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 65 pregnant women (COVID-19 group) admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from November 1 to December 24, 2022, who received COVID-19 in late pregnancy and delivered, including 64 mild cases and 1 medium case. In addition, 182 pregnant women with negative detection of novel coronavirus nucleic acid due to obstetric factors were selected as the control group. Compare the perinatal data, pregnancy complications, delivery related indicators, and neonatal outcomes between the two groups. To analyze the detection results of novel coronavirus in newborns delivered by COVID-19 pregnant women. The measurement data is represented by xˉ± s, and independent sample t-test is used for inter group comparison; Counting data is represented by examples(%), and comparisons between groups are conducted using χ 2 test or Fisher's exact probability method. Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of delivery age, gestational age, pregnancy complications, cesarean section rate, perinatal bleeding volume and the amount of hemostatic medication used, newborn birth weight, neonatal asphyxia, and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) transfer rate (all P>0.05). The proportion of amniotic fluid reduction in the COVID-19 combination was higher than that in the control group [7.69%(5/65) vs 0.55% (1/182)], with a statistically significant difference ( P=0.006). In COVID-19 group, 3 out of 5 pregnant women with amniotic fluid decrease had fever for 3-5 days before amniotic fluid decrease. After intravenous fluid replacement, the amniotic fluid index was >8 cm, and there was no recurrent amniotic fluid decrease during pregnancy. Among 65 newborns in COVID-19 group, 20 were negative for novel coronavirus nucleic acid detection after birth; 45 cases were negative for novel coronavirus antigen detection. After the birth of the newborn, the mother and baby were roomed together and breastfed. Among them, one case was transferred to NICU due to vomiting, one case was transferred to NICU due to nasal obstruction, one case was transferred to NICU due to the mother's fever at birth, and three cases were positive for new coronavirus nucleic acid detection. After general treatment, they recovered and discharged from hospital. Conclusions:During the prevalence of Omikjon, COVID-19 did not increase the risk of pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes, and vertical transmission was not found in newborns delivered by COVID-19 pregnant women.

19.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 499-502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discusse the value of pituitin in laparoscopic ovarian cyst removal.Methods:From October 2015 to June 2018 in Dalian Medical University Affiliated Dalian Maternity Hospital, useing prospective research methods, 90 patients with unilateral ovarian cyst (except endometriomas) were randomly divided in 3 groups of pituitrin group,control group 1 and control group 2. The pituitrin group: laparoscopic cystectomy with the injection of diluted pituitrin 6 U, the total amount of diluted pituitrin 10 - 20 ml, ovarian hemostasis was achieved by sutura. The control group 1: ordinary laparoscopic cystectomy without injection suture hemostasis. The control group 2: laparoscopic cystectomy with the injection of normal saline 10 - 20 ml, ovarian hemostasis was same to pituitrin group. The operation time and the amount of bleeding were compared among the three groups. The ovarian reserve was compared between before and 3 months after operation by estradiol (E 2), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH). Results:The amount of bleeding in the pituitrin group was less than that in the control group1: (14.00 ± 5.48) ml vs. (18.33 ± 6.99) ml, P<0.05. The operation time in the pituitrin group and control group 2 was less than that in the control group1: (43.50 ± 7.21) min, (45.00 ± 10.29) min vs. (50.17 ± 8.95) min, P<0.05. The level of FSH after operatiaon in the pituitrin group and control group 2 was less than that in the control group1: (7.20 ± 1.55) U/L, (7.43 ± 1.52) U/L vs. (8.31 ± 0.97) U/L, P<0.05. The level of E 2 3 months after operation in the pituitrin group was higher than that in the control group 1 and control group 2: (54.20 ± 10.90) ng/L vs. (46.63 ± 10.76) ng/L, (43.90 ± 18.23) ng/L, P<0.05. There was no significant difference of LH 3 months after operation among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:This study shows that diluted pituitrin decreases operation time and the amount of bleeding during operation, at the same time,the pituitrin injection is valued of ovarian reserve.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4915-4926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008068

ABSTRACT

A simple, fast, and visual method for detecting antibodies against peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) using colloidal gold strips was developed. In this study, the pET-32a-N was transformed into Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) for expression. Hybridoma cell lines were generated by fusing SP2/0 myeloma cells with splenocytes from immunized mice with the expressed and purified N protein of PPRV. The PPRV N protein was labeled with colloidal gold particles as the gold-labeled antigen. The N protein served as the gold standard antigen and as the test (T) line-coated antigen, while the monoclonal antibody served as the quality control (C) line-coated antibody to assemble the colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strips for detecting antibodies against the N protein of PPRV. Hybridoma cell line designated as 1F1 was able to stably secrete the monoclonal antibody against the N protein of PPRV. The titer of 1F1 monoclonal antibody in ascites was 1:128 000 determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the immunoglobulin subtype of the monoclonal antibody was IgG1, with kappa chain. The obtained monoclonal antibody was able to specifically recognize the N protein of PPRV, as shown by Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA). The developed colloidal gold test strip method was able to detect PPRV antibodies specifically, and there was no difference between different batches of the test strips. Testing of a total of 122 clinical sera showed that the compliance rate of the test strip with ELISA test was 97.6%.The test strip assay developed in this study has good specificity, reproducibility, and sensitivity, and it can be used for the rapid detection of PPRV antibodies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants/prevention & control , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Reproducibility of Results , Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus , Antibodies, Viral , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Goats
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