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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6682-6692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008866

ABSTRACT

This study explored the effect and mechanism of Maiwei Yangfei Decoction(MWYF) on pulmonary fibrosis(PF) mice. MWYF was prepared, and its main components were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS). Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a pirfenidone(PFD) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose MWYF groups, with 10 mice in each group. The PF model was induced in mice except for those in the control group by intratracheal instillation of bleomycin(BLM), and model mice were treated with saline or MWYF or PFD by gavage the next day. The water consumption, food intake, hair, and activity of mice were observed daily. The pathological changes in lung tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, Masson staining, and CT scanning. The level of hydroxyproline(HYP) in lung tissues was detected by alkaline hydrolysis. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the expression of collagen type Ⅲ(COL3) and fibronectin. The mRNA expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), type Ⅰ collagen α1(COL1α1), COL3, and vimentin were detected by reverse transcription real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR). Superoxide dismutase(SOD) and malondialdehyde(MDA) kits were used to detect oxidative stress indicators in lung tissues and serum. The nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2) protein was detected by immunofluorescence. The protein and mRNA expression levels of Nrf2, catalase(CAT), and heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) in lung tissues were detected by Western blot and RT-qPCR. Twelve chemical components were detected by UPLC-MS/MS. Animal experiments showed that MWYF could improve alveolar inflammation, collagen deposition, and fibrosis in PF mice, increase body weight of mice, and down-regulate the expression of fibrosis indexes such as HYP, α-SMA, COL1α1, COL3, fibronectin, and vimentin in lung tissues. In addition, MWYF could potentiate the activity of SOD in lung tissues and serum of PF mice, up-regulate the expression level of Nrf2, and promote its transfer to the nucleus, up-regulate the levels of downstream antioxidant target genes CAT and HO-1, and then reduce the accumulation of lipid metabolite MDA. In summary, MWYF can significantly improve the pathological damage and fibrosis of lung tissues in PF mice, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of the Nrf2 pathway to regulate oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/chemically induced , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Fibronectins/metabolism , Vimentin/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Oxidative Stress , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1241-1247, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture for regulating spleen and stomach on aspirin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explore the effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 T2DM patients complicated with aspirin resistance were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. On the base of the conventional treatment for diabetes, aspirin enteric-coated tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 100 mg each time, once daily in the control group. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, acupuncture was used for regulating spleen and stomach at Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Hegu (LI 4), etc., once daily. The treatment for 1 week was as one course and 4 courses of treatment were required totally in two groups. Before and After treatment, the indexes of platelet function (platelet aggregation rate [PAG] and salicylic acid concentration), the indexes of vascular endothelial function (6-keone prostaglandin F1α[6-keto-PGF1α], thromin B2 [TXB2] and cyclooxysynthase-2 [COX-2]), blood glucose (fasting plasma glucose [FPG], 2 h plasma glucose [2h PG] and glycosylated hemoglobin [HbA1c]), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), blood lipid indexes (total cholesterol [TC], triacylglycerol [TG], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C] and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]) and the total score of TCM symptoms were observed in the patients of two groups. Clinical therapeutic effect and safety was compared in the patients between the two groups after treatment and the recurrence rate of cardiocerebrovascular events was followed up 6 months after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, PAG, salicylic acid concentration, TXB2, COX-2, FPG, 2h PG, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, LDL-C, TC, TG and the total scores of TCM symptoms were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating spleen and stomach combined with aspirin enteric-coated tablets relieve insulin resistance and reduces blood glucose and lipid as well as the recurrence rate of cardiocerebrovascular events in the patients with T2DM, which is probably related to the regulation of insulin resistance and the improvement of vascular endothelial function. This combined therapy achieves the better effect on aspirin resistance as compared with simple aspirin enteric-coated tablets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aspirin , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Spleen , Stomach
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 472-478, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888455

ABSTRACT

Epigenetic changes are potentially important for the ontogeny and progression of tumors but are not usually studied because of the complexity of analyzing transcript regulation resulting from epigenetic alterations. Prostate cancer (PCa) is characterized by variable clinical manifestations and frequently unpredictable outcomes. We performed an expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis to identify the genomic regions that regulate gene expression in PCa and identified a relationship between DNA methylation and clinical information. Using multi-level information published in The Cancer Genome Atlas, we performed eQTL-based analyses on DNA methylation and gene expression. To better interpret these data, we correlated loci and clinical indexes to identify the important loci for both PCa development and progression. Our data demonstrated that although only a small proportion of genes are regulated via DNA methylation in PCa, these genes are enriched in important cancer-related groups. In addition, single nucleotide polymorphism analysis identified the locations of CpG sites and genes within at-risk loci, including the 19q13.2-q13.43 and 16q22.2-q23.1 loci. Further, an epigenetic association study of clinical indexes detected risk loci and pyrosequencing for site validation. Although DNA methylation-regulated genes across PCa samples are a small proportion, the associated genes play important roles in PCa carcinogenesis.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 244-248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883867

ABSTRACT

In mass casualty incidents (MCI), the number of casualties can far exceed the capacity of medical emergency units to treat and transport in a very short period of time. A rapid MCI triage according to the severity of their injuries, can not only effectively use limited medical resources, but also improve the survival rate of injured patients. With the emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and augmented reality (AR), smart glasses have been developed and used in different scenarios, and have achieved remarkable results in the medical field. This article focuses on the role and advantages of smart glasses in the triage of MCI, while proposing the problems in the application of smart glasses. At the same time, we elaborate on the development status of smart glasses in the triage, and discuss the application trend and development direction of smart glasses in the triage of pre-hospital injuries.

5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 686-691, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study clinical effects of double plating through different approaches for communicated and obvious osteoporosis periprosthetic femoral fracture following total knee arthroplasty(TKA).@*METHODS@#From July 2010 to June 2017, 21 patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture following TKA were divided into two groups according to operative approach. Fifteen patients in medial and lateral double approaches group, including 5 males and 10 females aged from 63 to 79 years old with an average of (67.2±5.9) years old; 11 patients were type 33-A2 and 4 patients were type 33-A3 according to AO-OTA classification; 12 patients injured by falling down and 3 patients by traffic accident; treated with double plating. Six patients in medial parapatellar approach group, including 3 males and 3 females, aged from 61 to 74 years old with an average of (64.6±6.0) years old; 3 patients were type 33-A2 and 3 patients were type 33-A3 according to AO-OTA classification; 5 patients injured by falling down and 1 patient by traffic accident; treated with double plating. Operative time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, fracture healing time were compared between two groups; HSS score and radiology at 3 and 12 months were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the follow-up time of bilateral approaches group ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.2±2.6 ) months, while the follow-up time of single approach group ranged from 12 to 16 months with an average of (12.6±2.5) months, and there was no statistical difference between two groups. The operative time and postoperative drainage in bilateral approaches group were (107.2±10.4) min and (213.9±30.4) ml, while in sigle approach group was (95.4±12.8) min and (256.8±34.2) ml, and the differences were significant(0.05). HHS score at 3 and 12 months after operation in bilateral approach were 82.9±5.7 and 84.8±7.1, while in single approach group were 83.6±6.1 and 86.3±6.8; there was no statistical difference in HSS score between two groups(>0.05). According to HSS score at 12 months after operation, 2 cases got excellent results and 13 good in bilateral approaches group; 1 case got excellent result and 4 good and 1 moderate in single approach group; but there was no statistical difference between two groups (χ²=2.625, =0.105). There wase no significant differences in complications between bilateral approaches group(2 cases) and single approach group (1 case)(>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Double plating technique for communicated and obvious osteoporosis periprosthetic femoral fracture following TKA could obtain good function of knee joint. The medial parapatellar approach has shorter operative time, while the bilateral approaches had less drainage.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Periprosthetic Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 103-121, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776902

ABSTRACT

Liu-Wei-Di-Huang (LW) is a Yin nourishing and kidney tonifying prescription in traditional Chinese medicine with promising pharmacological characteristics that can be further exploited and developed in modern medicine. We provide a comprehensive and detailed literature report on the clinical and experimental pharmacology of LW, including its quality control parameters, phytochemistry, pharmacokinetics, and toxicology. Our literature review indicates that the LW prescription possesses a unique combination of pharmacological characteristics that can be safely used for treating very different diseases. Quality control and pharmacokinetic parameters of LW are mostly based on its major bioactive phytochemical constituents. We postulate that modulating or rebalancing the neuroendocrine immunomodulation network in the body is the underlying mechanism of the multiple pharmacological activities displayed by LW.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neuroimmunomodulation , Phytochemicals , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Quality Control , Yin Deficiency , Drug Therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 306-307, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To construct the neuroendocrine immunomodulation (NIM) sub-network regulated by Liuwei Dihuang decoction (LW) and analyze its characteristics. METHODS We took the GSE57273 in GEO database and screened the differentially expressed genes (DEGs)(P<0.01) by the GEO2R tool as gene expression signature of LW. The global PPI network was constructed in the context of whole PPI network through direct interaction algorithm and forest algorithm respectively.Then the enrichment and the topological characteristics of NIM signaling molecules were evaluated by permutation test. Finally, we abstracted the NIM sub-network by NIMNT, which combined the NIM molecular network and forest algorithm, and analyzed the topological characteristics of it by the Network Analyzer(release 2.7)plugin in Cytoscape v3.5.1.RESULTS We got 2468 DEGs in the gene expression signature of LW.After analyzing the global PPI network of LW got by two kinds of algorithms,we found that the NIM signaling molecules significantly enriched and located in important positions in the global PPI network. The NIM sub-network regulated by LW contained 1099 nodes and 1056 edges. We screened out 22 hub nodes (Degree>10). Among them, there were 19 NIM signaling molecules in which only ESR1 changed significantly and 3 non-DEGs(NFATC2,RARA,TP53).However,the down-stream of the hub nodes were significantly changes. CONCLUSION The results suggested that LW might mainly regulate the non-hub nodes to recovery of the network imbalance of the body in the state of disease.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 384-389, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690458

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the protective effects of potassium channel opener nicorandil against cognitive dysfunction in mice with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>C57BL/6J mouse models of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) were established by intraperitoneal injection of STZ and received daily treatment with intragastric administration of nicorandil or saline (model group) for 4 consecutive weeks, with normal C57BL/6J mice serving as control. Fasting blood glucose level was recorded every week and Morris water maze was used to evaluate the cognitive behavior of the mice in the 4th week. At the end of the experiment, the mice were sacrificed to observe the ultrastructural changes in the hippocampus and pancreas under transmission electron microscopy; the contents of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in the hippocampus and SOD activity and MDA level in the brain tissue were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the model group showed significantly increased fasting blood glucose (P<0.001), significantly prolonged escape latency (P<0.05) and increased swimming distance (P<0.01) with ultrastructural damage of pancreatic β cells and in the hippocampus; GIP and GLP-1 contents in the hippocampus (P<0.01) and SOD activity in the brain were significantly decreased (P<0.05) and MDA content was significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, nicorandil treatment did not cause significant changes in fasting blood glucose, but significantly reduced the swimming distance (P<0.05); nicorandil did not improve the ultrastructural changes in pancreatic β cells but obviously improved the ultrastructures of hippocampal neurons and synapses. Nicorandil also significantly increased the contents of GIP and GLP-1 in the hippocampus (P<0.05), enhanced SOD activity (P<0.05) and decreased MDA level (P<0.01) in the brain tissue.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nicorandil improves cognitive dysfunction in mice with STZ-induced diabetes by increasing GIP and GLP-1 contents in the hippocampus and promoting antioxidation to relieve hippocampal injury.</p>

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3764-3770, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689849

ABSTRACT

Through the traditional Chinese medicine inheritance platform system, with the help of medical records, Ye Tianshi and Wu Jutong's medication characteristics for summer heat sickness were analyzed, the laws of the two people's medication were summarized, and the similarities and differences between the two were explored to explore the relationship. As a result, it was found that both of them recognized the relationship between summer heat and wetness, and Wu Jutong believed that "wind" was also an important pathogenic factor. Both of the patients were treated with cold medicine and warm medicine. They used mostly bitter, sweet, pungent taste and lungs, spleen, stomach, and heart meridian are the main components; two are commonly used Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Talcum, Rehmanniae Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix, Pinelliae Rhizoma and other drugs, Ye Tianshi use Scrophulariae Radix, Tetrapanacis Medulla, Coicis Semen and other drugs more, Wu Jutong use Gypsum Fibrosum, Sojae Semen Praeparatum, Menthae Haplocalycis Herba and other drugs more; at the same time, a combination of two high-frequency medicines used by two people has been excavated, and a new prescription has been deduced to provide a reference for further understanding and treatment of summer diseases.

10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 397-405, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687813

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of wogonoside (WGS) on the cisplatin (cDDP) resistance in human gastric carcinoma SGC7901/cDDP cells and its possible mechanism. The drug-resistant SGC7901/cDDP cells were established by stepwise exposure to cDDP. CCK-8 assay was employed to detect the cytotoxic effect of WGS and cDDP on SGC7901/cDDP cells, and the combined effect of WGS and cDDP was analyzed by Chou-Talalay method. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) gene was knocked down by using the short hairpin RNA (shRNA) approach. The protein levels of Nrf2, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), glutathione S transferase-π (GST-π), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), cleaved Capase-3, p-Akt and Akt were detected by Western blotting. The result showed that after various concentrations of WGS and/or cDDP treatment for 48 h, the cell viability was remarkably reduced in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). When the inhibition rate exceeded 16%, the combination of WGS and cDDP produced a synergistic effect. The protein levels of p-Akt, Nrf2 and MRP1 in SGC7901/cDDP cells were higher than those in SGC7901 cells (P < 0.05). WGS and LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) both remarkably decreased the phosphorylation level of Akt (P < 0.05), down-regulated the protein level of Nrf2 (P < 0.05), increased the content of ROS (P < 0.05), up-regulated the protein level of cleaved Caspase-3 (P < 0.05), and induced apoptosis (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) decreased apoptosis and oxidative stress reaction induced by WGS (P < 0.05). WGS and Nrf2 gene silencing both down-regulated the protein levels of NQO1, GST-π and MRP1 (P < 0.05). These results suggest that WGS may reverse cDDP resistance in SGC7901/cDDP cells through blocking the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, thus enhancing the cytotoxicity of cDDP and inducing oxidative stress reaction and apoptosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 18-21, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507396

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between inflammatory cells, body temperature changes, and TCM syndromes of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) patients in acute and subacute phases. Methods The data of age, gender, body temperature, blood routine, venous ultrasonography, and four diagnostic information of 130 DVT patients in acute and subcute phases were collected and analyzed in a cross-sectional study. The correlation between inflammatory cells and the changes of body temperature and TCM syndromes were analyzed. Results Among 130 DVT patients, 37 patients had damp-heat syndrome, 64 patients had blood stasis and dampness syndrome, and 29 patients had qi stagnation syndrome. Neutrophils increased most obviously in blood stasis and dampness syndrome (P<0.05), which had close correlation with the skin redness (OR=1.287, 95%CI: 9.412-21.247). The mononuclear cells increased most obviously in the damp-heat syndrome, which has close correlation with nouhof (OR=7.364, 95%CI:1.189–45.603), high skin temperature (OR=6.683, 95%CI:1.791–24.938), skin tightness (OR=6.107, 95%CI:1.423–26.203) and weakness (OR=3.302, 95%CI: 1.002–9.169). The temperature rising was the most common in the damp-heat syndrome, and the increase of mononuclear cells was the most common one. Conclusion DVT is often accompanied with elevated levels of inflammatory cells and body temperature. Damp-heat syndrome has close correlation with body temperature and mononuclear cells increasing. Dampness and blood stasis syndrome and neutrophils are closely related.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 616-618, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428027

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate endovascular stenting for TASC TASC Ⅱ C/D femoropopliteal arterial disease.MethodsBetween January 2008 and June 2011,Endovascular treatments of 51 limbs TASC Ⅱ C/D femoropopliteal artery occlusions in 46 patients(27 male and 19 female) were retrospectively reviewed.Mean age was (70 ± 8 ) years ( range,52 years to 88 years).Severe intermittent claudication,rest pain,minor tissue defect and foot ulceration or gangrene were in 29 limbs,12 limbs,6 limbs and 4 limbs,respectively. Technical success rate,ankle brachial index (ABI),complication rate, and cumulative primary patency rate were evaluated. ResultsTechnical success rate was 90.2%.93 stents were placed in 46 limbs of the 42 patients.Postoperative ABI was increased in all patients.42 patients(46 lower limbs) were followed up for a mean period of 14.6 months.Primary,assisted-primary,and cumulative patency rates at 6 months were 81.0%,88.1% and 90.5%.Primary,assisted-primary,and cumulative patency rates at 12 months were 66.7%,71.8% and 79.5% respectively. ConclusionsEndovascular treatment of TASC Ⅱ C/D femoropopliteal arterial lesions is microinvasive,safe and effective.

13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 479-490, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335965

ABSTRACT

To investigate the role and mechanism of ceramide (Cer) regulation in alcohol-induced neuronal proliferation and the newborn neurons formation, we used sphingomyelin synthase 2 (predominant enzyme of Cer metabolism) knockout (SMS2(-/-)) and wild type (WT) female mice to establish the model of prenatal alcohol exposure. In 24 h after being given birth (postnatal day 0, P0), the offspring of model mice received blood sphingomyelin (SM) measurement with enzymatic method. On P0, P7, P14 and P30, the proliferation of granule cells in the dentate gyrus and newborn neurons were investigated with immunofluorescent labeling. The expression of protein kinase Cα (PKCα) in the hippocampus was tested with Western blot analysis. The results showed that the SM level of blood in SMS2(-/-) pups was significantly lower than that in WT pups. No matter in SMS2(-/-) or WT mice, the prenatal alcohol exposure down-regulated the SM levels in pups with dose-dependency. In both SMS2(-/-) and WT pups, the number of proliferative neurons and newborn neurons in the dentate gyrus gradually decreased with the growing age. Compared with the WT pups, SMS2(-/-) pups showed significantly more proliferative neurons and newborn neurons in the dentate gyrus. Notably, prenatal alcohol exposure dose-dependently increased proliferative neurons and newborn neurons in the dentate gyrus in both WT and SMS2(-/-) pups. The hippocampal expression of PKCα protein in SMS2(-/-) mice was lower than that in WT mice, and prenatal alcohol exposure could up-regulate the PKCα protein expression in both WT and SMS2(-/-) mice with dose dependency. These results suggest that alcohol exposure during pregnancy can induce the compensatory neural cell proliferation and the production of newborn neurons in offspring, and the Cer-ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) pathway is involved in alcohol-induced neural cell proliferation. The activation of PKCα may be a key step to start the Cer-C1P pathway and up-regulate the alcohol-induced neural cell proliferation and the newborn neurons formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , Animals, Newborn , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Ceramides , Metabolism , Dentate Gyrus , Cell Biology , Ethanol , Toxicity , Mice, Knockout , Neurons , Cell Biology , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Protein Kinase C-alpha , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups) , Genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 291-294, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389931

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular intervention to revise peripheral bypass problems through prosthetic approach.Methods Among 17 cases undergoing graft bypass anastomotic stenosis and graft thrombosis was identifled in 16 cases(inflow or outflow obstructive lesions in 10),inflow obstructive lessions in 1(without anastomotic and graft thrombosis).All revision procedures were taken under local anesthesia,16 patients were treated by means of surgical thrombectomy followed by endovascular intervention through prosthesis itself in addition to one who had no thrombectomy.The graft patency and clinical outcome were observed.Resuits Thirteen stents were implanted in 13patients with distal anastomotic stenosis and 1 with proximal anastomotic stenosis including 10 stentings/PTAs in iliac popliteal,posterior tibial or anterior tibial arteries.One stent was implanted in 1 patient with common femoral stenosis.Stenting were not used(abandoned)in 2 patients,of which one underwent a foot amputation and calf gangrene occurred a week later,and the other had a redo of grafting.Follow-up time is 1-35 months.with an average of 12±4 months.One had a below-knee amputation two months after intervention,the other had symptoms recurred and treated with a redo 3 months afterwards.the third died of myocardial infarction six months later.Grafts remained patent in the rest 13 patients at follow-up.Conclusions Endovascular intervention through prosthesis is a safe and effective method,which offers an alternative means to treat anastomotic stenosis.inflow or outflow obstructive lesions.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 350-353, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297854

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical safety and efficiency of electroacupuncture combined with acupoint-injection of botulinum toxin A for the treatment of muscle spasticity by spinal cord injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-eight patients with muscle spasticity by spinal cord injury were treated from December 2006 to December 2009 including 26 males and 12 females, with an average age of 45.4 years old ranging from 21 to 68 years. The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups according to admission time, 13 patients in group A were treated with electroacupuncture combined with acupoint-injection of botulinum toxin A, and 13 patients in group B were treated with acupoint-injection botulinum toxin A and 12 patients in group C were treated with electroacupuncture. After 6 months these patients were evaluated by improved muscle Ashworth scoring (MAS) and clinical spasticity index (SCI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-eight patients were followed-up at 6 months after the treatment. The result showed that the MAS scores of group A, B, C before treatment were (3.10 +/- 0.14), (3.20 +/- 0.17), (3.10 +/- 0.16) respectively and the CSI scores were (14.10 +/- 0.14), (14.30 +/- 0.11), (14.20 +/- 0.12) respectively; there were no statistical different among the three groups (P > 0.05). After 6 months of treatment, the MAS scores were (1.10 +/- 0.16), (2.10 +/- 0.13), (2.00 +/- 0.14) respectively and the CSI scores were (9.10 +/- 0.11), (12.10 +/- 0.14), (13.10 +/- 0.12) respectively. The MAS scores and CSI scores of group A were better than the other two groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination of Chinese hydropower needles and acupoints with BTX-A injection can achieve a comprehensive treatment and reduce pain and improve life quality quickly. The electroacupuncture combined with acupoint-inject botulinum toxin A is a noval safe and effective technique for the treatment of muscle spasticity by spinal cord injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Therapeutic Uses , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Injections , Muscle Spasticity , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Safety , Spinal Cord Injuries , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 45-50, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314619

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Endovascular therapy is a treatment option for localized occlusion of the subclavian artery. In this report the long-term experience with 59 patients is presented.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between June 1998 and September 2008, we used endovascular therapy to treat 61 subclavian arterial obstructive lesions in 59 patients (46 males and 13 females, 34 - 82 years of age with a mean age (61.9 + or - 11.0) years). Twenty patients (34%) had clinical symptoms due to vertebrobasilar insufficiency, 26 (44%) had disabling arm ischemia, and 13 (22%) had both symptoms. We performed all procedures under local anesthesia. The approaches were from the femoral artery (n = 47), brachial artery (n = 1, involving bilateral subclavian disease) or both (n = 11). Sixty stents were implanted. All patients were followed-up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-procedure, and annually thereafter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We achieved technical success in 58 (95.1%) arteries, all of which were stented. There were three technical failures; two were due to the inability to cross over an occlusion, necessitating the switch to an axillo-axillary bypass, and the third was due to shock after digital subtraction angiography and prior to stenting. Arterial stenosis pre- and post-stenting was (83.6 + or - 10.8)% and (2.5 + or - 12.5)% (P < 0.01). Clinical success was achieved in 55 of the 59 patients (93.4%). Of the four clinical failures, three were technical and the remaining patient had a stent thrombosis. Systolic blood pressure difference between the two brachial arteries was (44.7 + or - 18.5) vs. (2.2 + or - 3.9) mmHg (P < 0.01). Primary patency was 98% at 12 months, 93% at 24 months, and 82% at 5 years. Five patients were lost to follow-up by 12 months post-stenting. Significant recurrent obstruction developed in five patients with resumption of clinical symptoms. The overall survival rate was 98.2% at 12 months, 89.5% at 24 months, and 84.5% at 5 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Endovascular therapy for proximal subclavian arterial obstructive lesions is effective and successful. This minimally invasive treatment may be the first choice of treatment for proximal subclavical arterial obstructive lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Pathology , Therapeutics , Stents , Subclavian Artery , Pathology , Subclavian Steal Syndrome , Pathology , Therapeutics , Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency , Pathology , Therapeutics
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1716-1719, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the surgical treatment and prognosis of non-traumatic acute lower limb ischemia, and compare the morbidity and prognosis of acute arterial embolism and acute arterial thrombosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 154 acute lower limb ischemia patients surgically treated from July 1999 to December 2007 were retrospectively analyzed. Fogarty catheter embolectomy was used in all patients; in which, 128 cases underwent Fogarty catheter embolectomy only, 8 cases Fogarty catheter embolectomy combined with endarterectomy, 13 cases Fogarty catheter embolectomy combined with vascular reconstruction with prosthetic graft or great saphenous vein, 5 cases Fogarty catheter embolectomy combined with amputation. The patients were divided into two groups according to pathogenesis: acute arterial embolism group (99 cases) and acute arterial thrombosis group (55 cases). The morbidity, amputation, perioperative mortality rates and high risk factors of amputation in the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Female experienced acute arterial embolism more often than man (60.6% vs 39.4%, P < 0.05), and more acute arterial thrombosis occurred in man (72.7% vs 27.3%, P < 0.05). The amputation rate of all cases was 9.7%, and perioperative mortality rate was 11.7%. The amputation rate in acute arterial embolism group was lower than acute arterial thrombosis group (5.1% vs 18.2%, P < 0.05). The perioperative mortality rates in the two groups were equal (11.1% vs 12.7%, P > 0.05). The statistically high risk factor of amputation for two groups was ischemic time, and smoking and diabetes were high risk factors for acute arterial thrombosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Men experiences acute arterial thrombosis more often, and women experiences acute arterial embolism more often. The amputation rate of acute arterial embolism is lower than acute arterial thrombosis, and acute arterial thrombosis has more high risk factors of amputation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Embolism, Cholesterol , Follow-Up Studies , Ischemia , General Surgery , Lower Extremity , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 584-587, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300643

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of endovascular therapy and artery bypass for subclavian artery occlusion disease and to explore a suitable therapeutic procedure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-nine patients with subclavian artery occlusive disease received endovascular therapy or arterial bypass from June 1997 to May 2004. Twenty-seven endovascular stenting were performed on 26 patients through the femoral artery (n = 14) or combined brachial artery (n = 12). Retrograde endovascular balloon angioplasty and stent placement were performed on 12 patients. Eight subclavian arteries were punctured with ultrasound localization. On account of unsuccessful stenting, 13 cases received arterial bypass. In addition, endovascular stenting were performed on 9 cases with carotid or vertebrarterial stenoses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The blood pressure difference was less than 10 mm Hg between the treated and the healthy arms in all 39 patients. The ratio of healthy/diseased side of the mean blood pressure index increased from 0.62 +/- 0.11 preoperatively to 0.98 +/- 0.04 postoperatively (P < 0.01). The mean patency time for endovascular therapy and arterial bypass was (57.6 +/- 3.7) and (60.2 +/- 7.2) months, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both endovascular therapy and arterial bypass have good curative effect for subclavian artery occlusion. Endovascular therapy is the preferred treatment for subclavian artery occlusion with mini-trauma and safety.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Stents , Subclavian Steal Syndrome , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 588-590, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300642

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate therapeutic efficacy of minimally invasive rotary varicotomy (TriVex) for superficial varicosities of low limbs and summarize our therapeutic experiences.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty-two cases (totally 216 lower limbs) were applied minimally invasive rotary varicotomy (TriVex) and relative clinical data was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average operation time for each limb was 48 min. Discomfort and pain of lower limbs disappeared in all of patients after operation. There was no residual of superficial varicosities. There was no severe complication and recurrence of varicosities. The postoperative complication rate was 21.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For treatment of superficial varicosities of low limbs, minimally invasive rotary varicotomy (TriVex) have many advantages including minimal invasion, quick recovery, safety and cosmetic effect. In addition, it has extensive indications and satisfactory therapeutic efficacy. It would be beneficial to master the operative techniques of key procedures. It could decrease complications and get better curative effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Lower Extremity , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Varicose Veins , General Surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Methods
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1268-1270, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular therapy for renal artery stenosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent (PTRAS) was performed on 33 consecutive patients with severe renal artery stenosis who suffered from poorly controlled hypertension or renal dysfunction. They were subsequently underwent 7 to 49 months clinical follow up for the effect of the procedure on renal function, blood pressure control, mortality.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Angiographic success was obtained in 32 (97.0%) of the 33 patients. The mortality was 18.2%. After PTRAS, two (6.1%) died of myocardial infarction within 4 months. Four (12.1%) patients with preoperative serum creatinine (Scr) > or = 177 micromol/L died of uraemia within 17 approximately 28 months. Twelve and twenty-four months after the procedure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 26 (78.8%) cases with preoperative Scr < 177 micromol/L significantly decreased (P < 0.05), with less antihypertensive medications taken and satisfactory renal function.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For patients without serious cardiorenal disease, PTRAS has a beneficial effect on blood pressure and renal function. For patients with serious cardiorenal disease or preoperative Scr > or = 177 micromol/L, the mortality is higher. PTRAS should be performed prudently. The preservation of renal function may be enhance by using renal protection device.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Hypertension, Renovascular , Renal Artery Obstruction , Therapeutics , Renal Insufficiency , Stents , Treatment Outcome
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