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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 309-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876691

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of microvascular invasion (MVI) on prognosis of recipients after liver transplantation for primary liver cancer (liver cancer). Methods Clinical data of 177 recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into the MVI-positive group (n=64) and MVI-negative group (n=113) according to postoperative pathological examination results. Clinical data were statistically compared of all recipients between the negative and positive MVI groups. The prognosis and risk factors of liver transplantation recipients for liver cancer were analyzed. Results Among 177 recipients, 64 cases (36.2%) were positive for MVI and 113 (63.8%) negative for MVI. Compared with the MVI-negative recipients, MVI-positive recipients had significantly lower degree of tumor differentiation, higher preoperative alpha-fetaprotein (AFP) level, larger maximal tumor diameter, a larger quantity of tumors, more satellite lesions and more recipients who did not meet the Milan criteria (all P < 0.05). The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer were 80.2%, 62.1%, 58.5% and 66.3%, 57.5%, 51.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and RFS of MVI-positive recipients were 70%, 39%, 35% and 53%, 39%, 33%, significantly lower than 86%, 75%, 72% and 73%, 68%, 63% of their counterparts negative for MVI (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that the maximal tumor diameter >8 cm, preoperative AFP level ≥20 ng/mL, low degree of tumor differentiation and positive MVI were the independent risk factors for OS of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer (all P < 0.05). Positive MVI, low degree of tumor differentiation and preoperative down-staging failure were the independent risk factors for RFS of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer (all P < 0.05). Conclusions MVI is of significant clinical value in predicting clinical prognosis of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 262-272, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874585

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been widely used in diagnosing small bowel disease. We conducted this study to systematically appraise its technical and clinical performance. @*Methods@#Studies on SBE published by September 2018 were systematically searched. Technical and clinical performance data were collected and analyzed with descriptive or meta-analysis methods. @*Results@#In total, 54 articles incorporating 4,592 patients (6,036 procedures) were included. Regarding technical parameters, the pooled insertion depths (IDs) for anterograde and retrograde SBE were 209.2 cm and 98.1 cm, respectively. The pooled retrograde ID in Asian countries was significantly greater than that in Western countries (129.0 cm vs 81.1 cm, p<0.001). The pooled anterograde and retrograde procedure times were 57.6 minutes and 65.1 minutes, respectively.The total enteroscopy rate was 21.9%, with no significant difference between Asian and Western countries. Clinically, the pooled diagnostic yield of SBE was 62.3%. Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) was the most common indication (50.0%), with a diagnostic yield of 59.5%. Vascular lesions were the most common findings in Western OGIB patients (76.9%) but not in Asian ones (31.0%). The rates of severe and mild adverse events were 0.5% and 2.5%, respectively. @*Conclusions@#SBE is technically efficient and is clinically effective and safe, but total enteroscopy is relatively difficult to achieve with this technique. Etiologies of OGIB in Asian countries differ from those in Western countries.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore relationship between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D ( 25OHD ) level and ketosis-prone in patients with newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:One hundred and thirty-four patients with newly diagnosed T2DM (103 males, 31 females) admitted in The Third Affiliated Hospital, Southern Medical University from January 2017 to January 2019 were enrolled into this study, including 36 patients with ketosis-prone (KPDM group) and 98 patients without ketosis(NKPDM group). Clinical characteristics, including height, weight, and history of hypertensive disease were collected. Serum 25OHD levels, lipid profile, islet function and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1C)levels, ICA, IAA, GAD-Ab, etc., were measured. Results:Among the 134 patients, the patients with vitamin D deficiency, insufficiency, and sufficiency were 71 cases(52.99%), 52 cases(38.81%), and 11 cases(8.20%), respectively. KPDM group had significantly lower serum 25OHD level than NKPDM group[(44.12±9.77) nmol/L vs (55.35±15.31) nmol/L, P<0.01]. The rate of vitamin D deficiency was significantly higher in KPDM group compared to that in NKPDM group [(77.78% vs 43.88%), P<0.01]. The prevalence of KPDM varied significantly in different vitamin D status groups( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis suggested that low serum 25OHD, younger age, high HbA 1C, and triglyceride were risk factors to ketosis-prone in newly diagnosed T2DM( P<0.01). Conclusion:Vitamin D deficiency is a common problem in newly diagnosed T2DM, especially in KPDM. Low serum 25OHD level seems to be an independent risk factor for ketosis-prone in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between different serum uric acid (SUA) levels and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in adults.Methods:From March 2019 to February 2020, 5006 adults in Wuxi area of Taihu Sanatorium in Jiangsu Province were selected as subjects. Quintile method was divided into the following five groups: Q1: SUA<270 μmol/L, Q2: 270 μmol/L SUA 318 μmol/L or less, Q3: 319 μmol/L ≤SUA≤360 μmol/L, Q4: 361 μmol/L SUA 410 μmol/L or less, and Q5: SUA>410 μmol/L. Correlation was analyzed by logistic analysis, with IFG as the outcome index, five SUA groups as the observation index, and gender, age, body mass index (BMI), blood lipid, and blood pressure as confounding factors. Three logistic regression analysis models were constructed to explore the relationship between different SUA level groups and IFG risk, as well as the influence of BMI on the risk correlation between SUA and IFG.Results:The BMI, DBP, FPG, TC, TG, and LDL-C all increased with the increase in SUA level; however, HDL-C gradually decreased with the increase in SUA level (P<0.01). The SUA levels among the five groups were positively correlated with fasting blood glucose level in the IFG group ( r=0.589, P<0.001). After adjusting for age, sex, and BMI, SUA level was strongly associated with fasting glucose in the IFG group ( r=0.534, P<0.001). After further adjustment for blood lipid and blood pressure, the correlation persisted ( r=0.523, P<0.001). With Q1 as the control group, the calculated OR values of IFG risk were 1.199, 2.660, 2.784 and 3.629, respectively. After further adjustment for various confounding factors, the calculated OR values of each group were 1.130, 2.389, 2.350 and 2.895, respectively. The IFG risk in the group with SUA level in the corresponding Q2 and Q5 groups was 1.13 times and 2.90 times higher, respectively, than that in the normal group, indicating that with the increase in SUA level, the IFG risk in the population increased. With the increase in BMI and SUA levels after BMI stratification, the mean fasting glucose level increased ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The SUA level and IFG risk are closely related. Increased SUA level increases IFG risk, and SUA and IFG are associated with weight gain, which should be paid attention to.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) and fat-free mass and analyze the relationship between them in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) during radiotherapy.Methods:A convenient sampling method was adopted to select HNC patients who received radiotherapy in the outpatient clinic of department of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer in a cancer hospital in Beijing from March 2017 to January 2020. The nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) were assessed by a nutrition impact symptoms checklist and the fat free mass was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis at three time points: before radiotherapy (T1), during radiotherapy (T2) and at the end of radiotherapy (T3). The Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) was used to analyze the relationship between them.Results:A total of 542 HNC patients were included in the analysis. During radiotherapy, the patients' NIS number and score presented an increasing trend, reaching the highest level and peaked at the end of radiotherapy. The change of fat-free mass showed a decreasing trend and reached the minimum at the end of radiotherapy. Patients with higher NIS scores had more percentage loss of fat-free mass.Conclusions:During radiotherapy, patients with HNC showed an increase in NIS score and lost fat-free mass. Patients with higher NIS score lost more percentage of fat-free mass, which suggested that clinical medical staff should pay attention to NIS management and take comprehensive intervention measures in time to reduce the loss of fat-free mass.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908506

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic radical resection of transverse colon cancer is a difficult operation, which is featured by large operation area, multiple steps, and many clinical anatomical variations. It requires the concept of complete mesocolic excision. Because of its absolute high-definition picture restoration, the 4K laparoscope can effectively assist in the identification, protection and severance of blood vessels during the operation, and assist in judging the fascia space of the operation. After entering Toldt fascial space through the intermediate approach guided by the superior mesenteric vein, the left, right transverse colon and lower area of mesangium are completely dissected, the upper area of colon, hepatic and splenic flexure are sepearted. The authors summarize practical experiences, investigate the extent of lymph node dissection in 4K laparoscopic radical resection of transverse colon cancer and share surgical experience.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3473-3483, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906815

ABSTRACT

We explored the mechanism of patchouli oil in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) based on network pharmacology and differentially expressed genes in macrophages. The chemical composition of patchouli oil was detected by GC-MS, targets for active components were collected through TCMSP and Swiss Target Prediction platform, and targets for treatment of IBD were retrieved from DrugBank, GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGkb, and TTD databases. The intersection targets were merged, Cytoscape software was used to construct the "component-to-intersection target" network, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was drawn with String platform. The intersection targets were enriched for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis on Metascape platform, and the molecular docking of AutoDock Vina was used to verify the analysis results. The macrophage chip data was downloaded, and the differential genes were obtained by using R software. KEGG signaling pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes were performed by DAVID platform. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to verify the screened components in the cell model in vitro. The 14 main components of patchouli oil corresponded to 112 targets, and the intersection obtained 97 common targets of patchouli oil for IBD treatment. GO enrichment analysis yielded 53 items. Eighteen items were obtained by KEGG enrichment analysis, involving cAMP signaling pathway, Notch signaling pathway, adhesion connection, Th17 cell differentiation and other signaling pathways. Molecular docking showed that the selected active components of patchouli oil had good binding activity with the targets. Differentially expressed genes were enriched in inflammatory pathways such as Toll-like receptors, JAK-STAT and NF-κB signaling pathways. q-PCR showed that patchouli oil, patchouli alcohol, pogostone can reduce the mRNA levels of cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-23) and up-regulate the mRNA levels of tight junction proteins (occludin and claudin-1) in the inflammatory model of NCM460 normal colon epithelial cells. Patchouli alcohol can significantly reduce the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β inflammatory factors in RAW264.7 macrophages induced by LPS. This study revealed the multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway of patchouli oil, and confirms the anti-inflammatory effect of patchouli oil and its main components in the inflammatory cell model in vitro and the protection of intestinal epithelial barrier integrity function, which provides a theoretical basis for further elucidating the mechanism of patchouli oil in the treatment of IBD.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905311

ABSTRACT

Neuroimaging technique is a kind of significant means to explore the mechanism of cerebral plasticity after stroke. Diffusion tensor imaging can be used to describe the structure of white matter fiber bundles and evaluate the degree of damage, but it cannot reflect the functional connections between different brain regions. Task-state functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) can detect the activation of corresponding brain regions caused by specific tasks, but the test design is complex and demanding for subjects. Resting-state fMRI can analyze complex brain networks and reflect functional connections in different brain regions, but the method of data analysis is complex. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is another non-invasive method to reflect the functional activation of brain regions, in which temporal resolution is better than fMRI, but the spatial resolution is slightly lower. The combination of multiple detection methods may be an important research direction in the future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905272

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology can activate the plasticity of the nervous system and induce the reconnection of nervous system information pathways. Techniques for recording brain activity include invasive methods and non-invasive methods. Non-invasive methods are safer, more portable and cheaper, but are prone to signal pollution. For upper limbs rehabilitation in patients with severe chronic stroke, BCI of electroencephalogram and robotic arm is usually used, almost combined with other rehabilitation approaches, and seems to improve the effectiveness. It is necessary to improve the accuracy of BCI motion intention decoding, carry out hierarchical and customized treatment for patients, develop hybrid and portable BCI system.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in plasticity mechanism of cortical structure between hemispheres during rehabilitation for stroke patients at subacute stage. Methods:From October 20, 2018 to February 1, 2020, 22 patients with first-onset subcortical ischemic stroke completed the assessments of MRI and clinical evaluation at admission, and after one and two months of rehabilitation. Cortical surface area, thickness, and volume were measured to evaluate cortical structure plasticity. Two-way repeated measures analyses of variance were implemented to estimate dynamic cortical morphology changes and differences between hemispheres. Results:A significant time effect occurred between admission and after one month of rehabilitation for both hemispheres. Cortical surface area, thickness and volume for most regions in both hemispheres gradually decreased, while parahippocampal gyrus thickness and volume increased. The surface area and volume of postcentral gyrus was significant between both hemispheres (F > 4.305, P < 0.05), in which ipsilesional hemisphere was lower than contralesional hemisphere. The reduction of the thickness (r = -0.474, P = 0.026) and volume (r = -0.432, P = 0.044) of postcentral gyrus in ipsilesional hemisphere was negatively correlated with the recovery rate of motor function. Conclusion:There are differences in cortical structure plasticity during stroke rehabilitation between hemispheres. Cortical morphology markedly changes in the first two months poststroke. The greater the reduction in thickness and volume of postcentral gyrus in ipsilesional hemisphere is, the worse the recovery of motor function may be.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) in evaluating dynamic balance function in stroke patients. Methods:From September, 2018 to November, 2019, 38 stroke hemiplegic patients of Brunnstrom IV and above who could walk independently were included. They completed SEBT by two testers; the anterior, posteromedial and posterolateral extension standardized distance of the affected leg support were recorded. One of the testers measured SEBT again the day after the next day. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. The limits of stability on different directions were measured with active balancer EAB-100 (EAB) and tested with Timed 'Up & Go' Test (TUGT) by the third tester. The correlation of SEBT to EAB and TUGT was analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient. Results:ICCs of three directions was 0.892 to 0.951 between testers, and 0.888 to 0.963 of test-retest. The standardized distance of three directions of SEBT correlated with the anterior and lateral stability limits of EAB (r = 0.479 to 0.671, P < 0.05), as well as TUGT (r = -0.557~-0.633, P < 0.05). Conclusion:SEBT is valid and reliable for evaluation of the dynamic balance for stroke patients of Brunnstrom IV and above who can walk independently.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905247

ABSTRACT

The evaluation of balance includes clinical observation, scales and instrumental measures. Functional Reach Test is simple and can be carried out in both standing and sitting, but the error of reading the measuring ruler is large, which results in new moving rulers and inertial sensors. The factors influencing the results of Functional Reach Test are moving strategy, age, moving efficiency, goal orientation, single or double arms, human characteristics, number of experiments and others. In the future, combination of electromyogram and inertia sensor can be used to discuss the variety of muscles and the changes of muscle strength, and more influence factors for the test are needed to research.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905240

ABSTRACT

With the development of rehabilitation researches for post-stroke motor dysfunction, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on nerve injury has also attracted extensive attention. Subcortical lesions of stroke affect nearby or distal brain areas, leading to motor dysfunction. Mirror neuron system therapy, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial electrical stimulation can activate relevant regions of cerebral cortex in a non-invasive way, and restore the balance between cerebral hemispheres, which can regulate the whole brain network circuit. However, there is a lack of grade A evidence for the effects of transcranial electrical stimulation. Although acupuncture and moxibustion can widely regulate the topological structure of the whole brain functional network nodes, it cannot fully explain the therapeutic mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion due to the differences of acupuncture point selection, manipulation, time, and channels. The interactive application of rehabilitation therapy and neuroimaging is becoming a new direction of stroke treatment research.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) controlled by brain-computer interface on upper limb motor dysfunction in stroke patients. Methods:From July, 2019 to November, 2020, 34 stroke patients hospitalized in neurological rehabilitation department were randomly divided into control group (n = 17) and experimental group (n = 17). They were treated with simple FES and FES controlled by brain-computer interface, respectively. The reaction time, joint position error of elbow joint, the scores of Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and event-related desynchronization (ERD) powers of affected upper limb were evaluated before and after intervention. Results:After intervention, the reaction time, joint position error of the elbow joint, the scores of FMA, MBI and ERD power of the affected elbow joint improved in both groups (F > 10.825, |Z| > 3.624, P < 0.05), and they were better in the experimental group than in the control group (F > 5.853, |Z| > 3.201, P < 0.05). Conclusion:FES controlled by brain-computer interface is positive on the rehabilitation of stroke patients with upper limb dysfunction.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of a self-developed wearable intelligent upper limb rehabilitation robot system on upper limb motor function and activities of daily living of stroke patients. Methods:From August, 2018 to October, 2020, 61 stroke patients with hemiplegia from Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 30) and observation group (n = 31). The control group accepted routine rehabilitation training twice a day, while the observation group accepted routine rehabilitation training once a day and robot-assisted training once a day, for four weeks. All the patients were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) before and after training, while the active range of motion (aROM) of affected shoulder, elbow and forearm was measured. Results:A case dropped out in the observation group. The scores of FMA-UE and MBI improved in both groups after training (|t| > 4.372, P < 0.001), and the improvement of MBI was more in the observation group than in the control group (t = 2.393, P < 0.05). The aROM of flexion/extension, internal/external rotation and abduction of shoulder, flexion of elbow, and supination/pronation of forearm increased in both groups (|t| > 3.050, P < 0.01), and the improvement of flexion and external rotation of shoulder was more in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 2.160, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Robot-assisted training based on routine rehabilitation may promote the recovery of upper-limb function for stroke patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905176

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to analyze brain activity pattern of bilateral sensorimotor cortex (SMC) and premotor cortex (PMC) during complex dominant and non-dominant hand movement in healthy subjects. Methods:From August to December, 2019, 15 right-handed healthy residents were recruited. The block designed grip-release task was used in the subjects, and detected oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin concentration with fNIRS to analyze the activation of bilateral SMC, PMC and prefontal cortex in term of activation channels and intensity. Results:For the oxyhemoglobin concentration, the number of activated channels was the same in both hemispheres during right (dominant) hand movement, and the activation of left SMC was stronger (P < 0.05); however, more channels were activated in the right hemisphere during left (non-dominant) hand movement, and the activation of right SMC was stronger (P < 0.05). For the deoxyhemoglobin concentration, more channels were activated in the contralateral hemisphere during either dominant or non-dominant hand movement, and the activation of left SMC, Channel 12 (left PMC) and Channel 26 (right PMC) were stronger during right (dominant) hand movement (P < 0.05). Conclusion:It is feasible to use fNIRS to study the activation of hand movement related brain regions during complex movement of dominant and non-dominant hand, especially with the results of oxyhemoglobin concentration.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 550-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886783

ABSTRACT

The technology of split liver transplantation is becoming increasingly mature with rapid development. During ex vivo splitting, the depletion of intracellular energy sources [such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP)] and other metabolic disorders may lead to cell damage and dysfunction, which will be aggravated by reperfusion injury of liver transplantation, clinically manifested as postoperative complications and transplantation failure. To further improve the quality of donor liver in ex vivo split liver transplantation, research teams at home and abroad apply machine perfusion to enhance the quality of donor liver. In this article, the research progresses worldwide on machine perfusion of donor liver in ex vivo split liver transplantation were reviewed, and the application and prospect of dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (D-HOPE) in ex vivo split liver transplantation were elucidated, aiming to provide reference for increasing the source of donor liver for ex vivo split liver transplantation and further resolving the current status of donorliver shortage.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Danhong Injection () on improving microcirculatory injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 90 patients were enrolled. A random sequence was generated using statistical analysis software. Patients with microcirculatory injuries after PCI were randomly divided into 3 groups for treatment (30 subjects in each group): Danhong Injection group: after PCI, Danghong Injections were given with intravenous administration with 40 mL twice a day for a week; statins intensive group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 80 mg once, and then atorvastatin 40 mg daily for 1 week; the control group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 10-20 mg daily for 1 week. The index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) was used to assess microcirculatory injury during PCI. The IMR of the target vessel was reexamined after 1 week of drug treatment.@*RESULTS@#After one week's drug treatment, IMR was significantly decreased in both statins intensive group and Danhong Injection group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but no difference was found between statins intensive group and Danhong injection group (14.03 ± 2.54 vs. 16.03 ± 5.72 U, P=0.080).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of Danhong Injection is non-inferior to statin. Early use of Danhong Injection after PCI can effectively improve coronary microcirculation injury after PCI.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The side effects of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and myelosuppression reduce the cancer patients' adherence to chemotherapy. Many Chinese patients choose Chinese medicine (CM) during chemotherapy to reduce side effects; however, the evidence is lacking. The efficacy of a CM herbal treatment protocol, Jianpi Bushen Sequential Formula (, JBSF) will be evaluated on chemotherapy completion rate among patients with colon cancer.@*METHODS@#A multi-center double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be conducted on 400 patients with colon cancer who will receive 8 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CAPEOX). Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive the JBSF or placebo formula. The primary outcome is the overall chemotherapy completion rate. The secondary outcomes include individual chemotherapy completion rate, 4-cycle completion rate of chemotherapy, time to treatment failure, relative dose intensity and treatment toxicity. Follow-up visits will be scheduled before every and after last chemotherapy.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will provide evidence on whether JBSF can improve the chemotherapy completion rate and reduce side effects among patients with colon cancer. (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT03716518).


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Nausea , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of tension band combined with patellar cerclage and memory alloy patellar concentrator fixation in the treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to July 2019, 60 patients with distal patellar fracture were treated and were divided into two groups according to different operation methods. In group A, 30 patients were fixed with memory alloy patellar concentrator (NiTi PC), 17 males and 13 females, aged 20 to 71 (39.4±9.9) years, including 19 cases of falling injury, 9 cases of traffic injury and 2 cases of sports injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 75 (33.1±7.8) hours; 30 cases in group B were fixed with tension band andcerclage, 15 males and 15 females, aged 21 to 76 (38.6±10.2) years, including 17 cases of falling injury, 12 cases of traffic injury and 1 case of smashing injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 91 (34.5±9.1) hours. The curative effects of two groups were observed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All 60 patients were followed up for 9 to 30 months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, operation time, follow-up time and fracture healing time between the two groups. Six months after operation, according to the Bostman function score of knee joint:30 cases in group A, the total score was 28.6±4.7, of which 26 cases were excellent and 4 cases were good. The total score of 30 cases in group B was 25.5±4.4, of which 20 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good and 2 cases were poor. There were significant differences in Bostman total score and curative effect evaluation between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Memory alloy patellar concentrator is strong and reliable in the treatment of inferior patellar fracture. It can take early rehabilitation exercise after operation, with good recovery of joint function and range of motion and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Wires , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patella/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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