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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928017

ABSTRACT

The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) technology was employed to compare the chemical components between the aerial and underground parts of Coptis chinensis samples from different batches. According to the retention time, molecular ion peak, and LC-MS~E fragment information of the reference substances and available literature, we identified a total of 40 components. Thirty-three and 31 compounds were respectively identified in the underground part(taproots) and the aerial part(stems and leaves) of C. chinensis. Among them, 24 compounds, including alkaloids(e.g., berberine and jatrorrhizine) and phenolic acids(e.g., chlorogenic acid, quinic acid, and tanshinol), were common in the two parts. In addition, differential components were also identified, such as magnoline glucoside in the underground part and(±) lariciresionol-4-β-D-glucopyranoside in the aerial part. The analysis of fragmentation pathways based on spectra of reference substances indicated the differences among samples of different batches. Furthermore, we performed the principal component analysis(PCA) for the peak areas of C. chinensis in different batches. The results showed that the underground part and the aerial part were clearly clustered into two groups, indicating that the chemical components contained in the two parts were different. Furthermore, the results of partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) identified 31 differential compounds(VIP value>1) between the underground part and the aerial part, mainly including alkaloids, phenolic acids, lignans, and flavonoids. This study proves that C. chinensis possesses great development potential with multiple available compounds in stems and leaves. Moreover, it sheds light on for the development and utilization of non-medicinal organs of C. chinensis and other Chinese medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Coptis chinensis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Technology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To control the quality of the reference sample of Wenjingtang by establishing the specific chromatograms. Method:On the basis of analyzing 15 batches of Wenjingtang freeze-dried powder samples, a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) specific chromatogram analysis method of Wenjingtang was established. The system adaptability was investigated and the retention time, relative retention value and deviation caused by different chromatographic columns and instruments were calculated by using the same brand of chromatographic columns, four different brands of chromatographic columns and instruments from three different manufacturers. The precision, repeatability and stability of this method was further completed. The possible chemical components of the freeze-dried powders were speculated and identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS<italic><sup>n</sup></italic>). Chromatographic separation was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-2.8 min, 10%A; 2.8-8.0 min, 10%-18%A; 8.0-12.2 min, 18%-25%A; 12.2-15.3 min, 25%-40%A; 15.3-17.4 min, 40%A; 17.4-20.5 min, 40%-90%A), and column temperature was set at 30 ℃ with flow rate of 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Mass spectrometry was performed on electrospray ionization, data were collected under positive and negative ion modes, and the detection range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 600. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were selected as the distinguishing features in this specific chromatograms, and eight of them were identified by comparing with the reference standards, including paeoniflorin (peak 1), liquiritin apioside (peak 2), liquiritin (peak 3), ferulic acid (peak 4), iquiritigenin (peak 6), cinnamaldehyde (peak 8), paeonol (peak 9)and glycyrrhizic acid (peak 10). By mass spectrometry analysis, 30 compounds were identified, and the source of medicinal materials were assigned. It mainly contained triterpenoid saponins and flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, ginsenosides from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, monoterpenoid glycosides and tannins from Paeoniae Radix Alba, steroids in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, phenolic acids in Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Conclusion:The established characteristic chromatographic analysis method of Wenjingtang is simple, stable and repeatable. The chemical composition of the freeze-dried powder of Wenjingtang is basically defined by mass spectrometry identification and source attribution, which can provide reference for the development and quality control of Wenjingtang in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of neuromuscular joint facilitation (NJF) or isotonic muscle training on dynamic and static balance in healthy young men. Methods:October, 2019, twelve students of Capital Medical University School of Rehabilitation Medicine (aged 20 to 29) were evaluated the balance indexes of single leg standing on stable support with eyes closing and single leg standing on unstable support with eyes opening with BIODEX Balance Tester, and measured 10-meter walking time and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT) after non-intervention, NJF ankle joint pattern and ankle flexion and extension. Results:The balance indexes, 10-meter walking time and TUGT were the least after NJF (F > 18.941, P < 0.01). Conclusion:NJF ankle joint model can improve the dynamic and static balance ability of human body more effectively than isotonic contraction training alone.

4.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 210-216, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903782

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of acute herpes zoster. The treatment of PHN remains a challenge for clinical pain management. Despite the effectiveness of anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and lidocaine patches in reducing PHN, many patients still face intractable pain disorders.In this randomized controlled study, we evaluated whether hydromorphone through intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) was effective in relieving PHN. @*Methods@#Patients with PHN were randomly divided into two groups, one group received oral pregabalin with IV normal saline, another group received oral pregabalin with additional IV PCA hydromorphone for two weeks. Efficacy was evaluated at 1, 4, and 12 weeks after the end of the treatments. @*Results@#Two hundred and one patients were followed up for 12 weeks. After treatment, numerical rating scale (NRS) score of patients in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the difference of NRS scores between the two groups was statistically significant at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment. The frequency of breakthrough pain in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 and 4 weeks after treatment.After treatment, the quality of sleep in the hydromorphone group was significantly improved compared with the control group. The most common adverse reactions in the hydromorphone group were dizziness and nausea, with no significant respiratory depression. @*Conclusions@#IV PCA hydromorphone combined with oral pregabalin provides superior pain relief in patients with PHN, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

5.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 210-216, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896078

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of acute herpes zoster. The treatment of PHN remains a challenge for clinical pain management. Despite the effectiveness of anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and lidocaine patches in reducing PHN, many patients still face intractable pain disorders.In this randomized controlled study, we evaluated whether hydromorphone through intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) was effective in relieving PHN. @*Methods@#Patients with PHN were randomly divided into two groups, one group received oral pregabalin with IV normal saline, another group received oral pregabalin with additional IV PCA hydromorphone for two weeks. Efficacy was evaluated at 1, 4, and 12 weeks after the end of the treatments. @*Results@#Two hundred and one patients were followed up for 12 weeks. After treatment, numerical rating scale (NRS) score of patients in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the difference of NRS scores between the two groups was statistically significant at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment. The frequency of breakthrough pain in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 and 4 weeks after treatment.After treatment, the quality of sleep in the hydromorphone group was significantly improved compared with the control group. The most common adverse reactions in the hydromorphone group were dizziness and nausea, with no significant respiratory depression. @*Conclusions@#IV PCA hydromorphone combined with oral pregabalin provides superior pain relief in patients with PHN, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and complications of microfat injection on facial burn scars.Methods:Forty-six patients with burn scars underwent microfat injection in plastic surgery department of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled. The clinical efficacy, Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) score, complication rate and satisfaction degree were recorded.Results:The VSS scores of 46 patients were (13.15±2.36) at baseline, (11.06±1.78) at 2 months after treatment, (9.18±1.37) at 4 months after treatment, and (7.23±1.09) at 6 months after treatment, with significant difference ( P<0.05). Of the 46 patients, 19 were cured (41.30%), 17 were significantly effective (36.96%), 7 were effective (15.22%), and 3 were ineffective (6.54%), with a total effective rate of 93.48% (42/46). Complications occurred in 4 cases, with a complication rate of 8.70%, all of which were cured by corresponding treatment. A total of 42 patients were satisfied, with a satisfaction rate of 91.30%. Conclusions:Microfat injection for facial burn scars can effectively improve the color and texture of the scar, with low complication rate and high satisfaction rate.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888030

ABSTRACT

The present study determined the quantitative markers of total proanthocyanidins in the purification of the industrial waste Choerospondias axillaris pericarp based on the comparison results of high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and mass spectrometry(MS) and optimized the purification process with two stable procyanidins as markers. The adsorption and desorption of five different macroporous adsorption resins, the static adsorption kinetics curve of NKA-Ⅱ resin, the maximum sample load, and the gradient elution were investigated. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed for qualitative analysis of the newly-prepared total proanthocyanidins of C. axillaris pericarp. As revealed by the results, NKA-Ⅱ resin displayed strong adsorption and desorption toward total proanthocyanidins. The sample solution(50 mg·mL~(-1)) was prepared from 70% ethanol crude extract of C. axillaris pericarp dissolved in water and 7-fold BV of the sample solution was loaded, followed by static adsorption for 12 h. After 8-fold BV of distilled water and 6-fold BV of 10% ethanol were employed to remove impurities, the solution was eluted with 8-fold BV of 50% ethanol, concentrated, and dried under reduced pressure, and purified total proanthocyanidin powder was therefore obtained. Measured by vanillin-hydrochloric acid method, the purity and transfer rate of total proanthocyanidins were 47.67% and 59.92%, respectively, indicating the feasibi-lity of the optimized process. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS qualitative analysis identified 16 procyanidins in C. axillaris total proanthocyanidins. The optimized purification process is simple in operation and accurate in component identification, and it can be applied to the process investigation of a class of components that are difficult to be separated and purified. It can also provide technical support and research ideas for the comprehensive utilization of industrial waste.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Anacardiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins/analysis , Resins, Synthetic , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 239-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of chest CT quantitative index in clinical classification and lung injury severity evaluation of COVID-19.Methods:The current study retrospectively analyzed the clinical and CT data of 438 patients with COVID-19 between January 2020 and March 2020 in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology. The clinical types included common type ( n=146), severe type ( n=247) and critical type ( n=45). The chest CT indexes of all patients were quantitatively analyzed by artificial intelligence (AI) deep learning, including whole lung volume, CT lung opacification, ground glass opacification volume (GGO volume; CT value<-300 HU), solid opacification volume (SO volume; CT value ≥-300 HU) and the ratio of volume to the whole lung volume, the ratio of SO volume to GGO volume (SO volume/GGO volume). Kruskal-Wallis test was used to conduct statistical analysis of the differences in quantitative parameters among clinical types, and multiple ordered logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between quantitative parameters and clinical types. Results:Among the 438 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, severe and critical patients were older ( P<0.05), and most of the critical patients were male ( P<0.05). The main clinical manifestations of all clinical types were fever, followed by cough, fatigue, chest tightness, dyspnea, gastrointestinal symptoms and so on. GGO volume was the main CT manifestation of all the three clinical subtypes. The whole-lung opacification volume, GGO volume, SO volume and their proportions in whole-lung volume significantly increased from common, severe to critical types (all P<0.05). SO volume/GGO volume increased with the severity of clinical type [common type 0.12 (0.03, 0.34), severe type 0.29 (0.11, 0.59), critical type 0.61 (0.39, 0.97)]. Multiple ordered logistic regression analysis showed that whole-lung opacification volume (OR=1.009), SO volume/GGO volume (OR=1.866), GGO volume (OR=1.008) and SO volume (OR=1.016) had a significant positive effect on the severity of clinical typing ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Quantitative indicators of chest CT based on deep learning algorithm (SO volume, GGO volume, SO volume/GGO volume) are closely related to the clinical severity of COVID-19.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of using a walking support band on the gait of stroke survivors.Methods:Sixty stroke survivors were randomly divided into a walking support band group ( n=20), an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) group ( n=20) and a conventional rehabilitation group ( n=20). All three groups received conventional rehabilitation therapy, while the AFO group members were additionally provided with an ankle-foot orthosis and the walking support band group members received training wearing a walking support band. Before and after 4 weeks of treatment, all three groups were evaluated using three-dimensional gait analysis. Results:A total of 57 patients finished the study. After the interventions, the average step speed, frequency and step length of the three groups had all increased significantly, while the average stride width, the percentage of double stance phase, unaffected and affected side stance phase, and the ratio between unaffected and affected side stance phase had all decreased significantly. After the intervention, the average step speed, frequency and length of the AFO and walking support band groups had increased significantly compared with the conventional rehabilitation group, while the average stride width of the AFO group, and the stride width, the percentage of double stance phase and unaffected side stance phase of the walking support band group had decreased significantly. After the treatment, the average percentages of double stance phase and unaffected side stance phase of the walking support band group had decreased significantly more than in the AFO group.Conclusions:A walking support band can significantly improve the abnormal gait of stroke survivors and is superior to an ankle-foot orthosis when combined with conventional rehabilitation therapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Kinesio Taping and kneepad on position sense of knee in healthy young adult male. Methods:In September, 2019, 20 healthy adult male aged 21 to 27 were selected. They were measured the joint angle error in angle reproduction test, and tested with functional reach test (FRT), 10-meter walking time (10MWT), and Timed "Up and Go" Test (TUGT) under follow four conditions: non-intervention, simple Kinesio Taping, simple kneepad, and both Kinesio Taping and kneepad. Results:For the angle error, it was the most under non-intervention, and the least under simple Kinesio Taping (F = 61.260, P < 0.001). For FRT, there was no significant difference among all the conditions (F = 1.793, P = 0.988). For 10MWT, it was the least under simple Kinesio Taping (F = 23.817, P < 0.001). For TUGT, it was the most under non-intervention (F = 19.865, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Kinesio Taping can improve position sense of knee, as well as walking, without further benefit along with kneepad.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828691

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 12 years, was admitted due to fever and rash for 3 days. The child developed recurrent high fever and rash on both lower extremities 3 days before, and the rash on left lower extremity quickly merged into a patch within 24 hours, with hemorrhage and necrosis in black and purple, large vesicles, and blisters in the center. Laboratory examination showed a reduction in platelet count and significant increases in fibrinogen and D-dimer during the course of the disease. The child was diagnosed with purpura flulminans. She was given meropenem combined with linezolid for anti-infection, injection of gamma globulin for immunoregulation, and low-molecular-weight heparin for anticoagulation. The fluid in the rash blisters was drawn and the wound was treated to prevent infection. The child's temperature returned to normal, with improvement in gangrene. She was discharged after platelet count, fibrinogen, and D-dimer had returned to normal. Purpura fulminans is a rare thrombotic hemorrhagic disease with rapid progression and is commonly seen in children. Without timely treatment, it may cause severe sequelae with high disability and mortality rates. Anti-infection, correction of coagulation function, and local management of gangrene skin are of great importance during treatment.


Subject(s)
Blister , Child , Exanthema , Female , Fever , Humans , Lower Extremity , Necrosis
12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 354-357, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820973

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression of CD90 in human intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma and its association with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. MethodsA total of 49 samples of intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma tissue and 49 samples of adjacent tissue were collected after surgical resection in The Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College from March 2013 to March 2016, and 40 normal liver tissue samples were selected as control. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the expression of CD90 in each sample, and its association with clinical indices, survival, and prognosis of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma was analyzed. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between three groups and further comparison between two groups. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze postoperative recurrence and survival, and the log-rank test was used for comparison. Results The moderately positive expression rate of CD90 was 65.31% in intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma tissue, 30.61% in adjacent normal tissue, and 0% in normal liver tissue, suggesting that the intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma tissue had a significantly higher moderately positive expression rate of CD90 than adjacent normal tissue and normal liver tissue (P<0.05). The expression of CD90 was associated with TNM stage and hilar lymph node metastasis in the patients with intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (χ2=12837 and 17.824, both P<0.001). The patients with negative/weakly positive expression of CD90 had significantly higher relapse-free survival rate and overall survival rate after surgery than those with moderately/strongly positive expression (χ2=3.845 and 4.152, P=0025 and 0.021). ConclusionCD90 is highly expressed in human intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma tissue, which is associated with hilar lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis and plays an important role in tumor development, progression, and metastasis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1843-1856, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771748

ABSTRACT

By constructing mutant libraries and utilizing high-throughput screening methods, directed evolution has emerged as the most popular strategy for protein design nowadays. In the past decade, taking advantages of computer performance and algorithms, computer-assisted protein design has rapidly developed and become a powerful method of protein engineering. Based on the simulation of protein structure and calculation of energy function, computational design can alter the substrate specificity and improve the thermostability of enzymes, as well as de novo design of artificial enzymes with expected functions. Recently, machine learning and other artificial intelligence technologies have also been applied to computational protein engineering, resulting in a series of remarkable applications. Along the lines of protein engineering, this paper reviews the progress and applications of computer-assisted protein design, and current trends and outlooks of the development.


Subject(s)
Directed Molecular Evolution , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Protein Engineering , Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Substrate Specificity
14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1425-1429, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779070

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent in China. With the rapid development of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in recent years, more and more couples with infertility and HBV infection choose ART to promote pregnancy. No conclusion has been reached on the influence of HBV infection on ART procedure and the health status of offspring. This article reviews the influence of HBV infection on ART from the aspects of sperm and oocyte function, laboratory environment, pregnancy outcome, and health of offspring and discusses the prevention measures during ART for people with HBV infection, in order to provide a reference for developing scientific management systems and preventing disease transmission.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756183

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe among stroke survivors the timing of muscle activation at the stance phase during walking using the surface electromyography ( sEMG) combined with 3D gait analysis. Methods Twenty stroke survivors assessed as at Brunnstrom stages Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ were assigned to groups designated Ⅲ, Ⅳ and V. sEMG and 3D gait analysis were used to assess the activation timing of the bilateral rectus femoris ( RF) and biceps femoris ( BF) , the tibialis anterior ( TA) and the gastrocnemius medialis ( GM) . The activation timing and the dura-tion of activation of the muscles were compared among the 3 groups, as well as with those of healthy muscles. Results The onset time of the RF on the affected side was significantly later than on the healthy side, while that of the GM was significant earlier. The durations of BF and GM activation on the affected side were significantly shorter than on the unaffected side in group III. The onset times of the TA and GM on the affected side were significantly ear-lier than on the healthy side in group IV, as was the onset time of the TA of the affected side in group V. The average RF and BF onset times on the affected side in group Ⅳ were significantly earlier than in group Ⅲ. The onset time of the TA on the unaffected side and the average BF onset time on the affected side in group Ⅴ were significantly later than in group IV. The onset time of the RF and TA on the unaffected side in group Ⅳ and the onset time of the GM on the affected side were significantly later than in group III, while the onset time of the BF and TA on the affected side was significantly earlier. The average duration of BF activation on the unaffected side in group Ⅳ was significant-ly shorter than that of group Ⅲ. The average duration of TA activation on the unaffected side in group Ⅴ was signifi-cantly shorter than that of group IV. The duration of RF activation on the affected side in group Ⅴ was significantly shorter than that in group Ⅲ, and the same was true of the RF, BF, TA and GM activation times on the healthy side. Conclusions There are significant differences in the onset and duration of muscle activation when stroke survivors at different stages of recovery walk. Some muscles are activated too early and others are over-activated. These abnormali-ties gradually disappear with the recovery of motor function.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 146-151, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700791

ABSTRACT

Objective Acute lung injury induced by variety causes can be reduced by mesenchymal stem cells.Some studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes have similar features with mesenchymal stem cell,but its role in acute lung injury is less studied.The study was to investigate the protective role and underlying mechanisms of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (BMSC-DEs) on smoke inhalation injury (SⅡ) in rats.Methods Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 equal groups:normal control group,smoke inhalation injury (SⅡ) model group and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (BMSC-DEs) treated group.12 h after establishing the SⅡ model,BMSC-DEs treated group was injected with 0.5 mL BMSC-DEs (derived from 4× 106 BMSCs),and normal control group and SⅡ model group were injected with equivalent volume of normal saline.7 days later,samples were collected.The histopathologic changes of lung were observed after HE staining;BCA was used to test the amounts of total protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF);Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to test the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) in the lung tissue;Immunohistochemical was used to test the levels of pulmonary surfactant protein C(SP-C).Results The BALF levels of total protein of SⅡ group was significantly higher than those of normal control group (P<0.01) and BMSC-DEs groups(P<0.05);Compared with normal group [(0.164±0.021) ng/L],the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α of SII and BMSC-DEs groups [(0.355±0.106)、(0.234±0.024) ng/L] (P< 0.05) were significantly higher,and SⅡ group was higher than that of BMSC-DEs group(P<0.01);Compared with normal group,the KGF protein expression level in lung tissue of SⅡ group was significantly lower (P<0.05),but BMSC-DEs group was higher (P<0.05).BMSC-DEs group was higher than SⅡ group (P<0.01);Immunohistochemistry showed that the SP-C expression level in lung tissue of SⅡ group was significantly lower than those of other groups (P<0.05).There was no statistically difference between BMSC-DEs group and control group (P>0.05).Conclusion BMSC-DEs has a protective effect of smoke inhalation injury rats,the underlying mechanism may be related to BMSC-DEs to reduce inflammation and promote restoration of the alveolar epithelial type Ⅱ.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690444

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) and its prognostic value in endometrial carcinoma (EC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of PGK1 was detected immunohistochemically in 30 normal endometrium and 130 EC specimens. The relationship between PGK1 protein expression and the clinicopathological features of the patients was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immunohistochemical analysis revealed low PGK1 expression in 55.4% (72/130) and high PGK1 expression in 44.6% (58/130) of the EC specimens, as compared with the rates of 90% (27/30) and 10% (3/30) in normal endometrium, respectively (P<0.001). PGK1 expression was significantly correlated with FIGO stage (P<0.001), histological grade (P=0.002) and lymph node metastasis (P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that patients with a high PGK1 expression had a shorter overall survival rate than those with a low PGK1 expression (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that a high PGK1 expression was not the independent predictor of the prognosis of EC (P=0.077).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A high expression of PGK1 is associated with aggressive and metastatic behaviors of EC, and detection of PGK1 provides assistance in evaluating the prognosis of patients with EC.</p>

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 713-718, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689724

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of injection of botulinum-A toxin into the bulbospongiosus muscle in the treatment of primary premature ejaculation (PPE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the inclusion criteria, we randomly assigned 70 outpatients with PPE to a trial and a control group of equal number, the former injected with 100 U botulinum-A toxin at 10 U/ml and the latter with the same volume of saline into the bulbospongiosus muscle. Then, we obtained the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT), scores of the Premature Ejaculation Profile (PEP), Male Sexual Health Questionnaire-Ejaculatory Dysfunction (MSHQ-EjD), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups before and 4 weeks after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Complete data were obtained from 69 of the patients, 34 in the trial and 35 in the control group. The effectiveness rate was 47.06% (16/34) in the former but 0 in the latter. At 4 weeks after treatment, the patients of the trial group showed a significantly longer IELT than the controls and the baseline ([2.35 ± 1.83] vs [0.79 ± 0.21] and [0.74 ±+ 0.27] min, P < 0.01) and the controls. The patients in the trial group, in comparison with those in the saline control group and the baseline, also exhibited significant improvement in the scores of PEP-ejaculation control (1.21 ± 1.04 vs 0.49 ± 0.56 and 0.47 ± 0.51, P < 0.05), PEP-sexual satisfaction (1.32 ± 1.01 vs 0.71 ± 0.57 and 0.79 ± 0.48, P < 0.05), PEP-PE-related distress (2.12 ± 1.01 vs 2.80 ± 0.68 and 2.76 ± 1.26, P < 0.05), and PEP-PE-induced difficult relationship with the partners (1.38 ± 0.70 vs 2.37 ± 0.55 and 2.12 ± 1.49, P < 0.05). The sexual satisfaction score of the female partners after treatment was markedly improved in the trial group as compared with the control group and the baseline (1.18 ± 1.00 vs 0.57 ± 0.50 and 0.62 ± 0.60, P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in MSHQ-EjD and HADS scores between the two groups before and after treatment. Adverse reactions were observed in 6 cases (17.65%) in the trial group, including 4 cases of decreased erectile hardness (11.76%) and 2 cases of incomplete urination (5.88%), which occurred from the 3 to 4 days after injection, and those with decreased erectile hardness could complete sexual intercourse without any other treatment and recovered after 3 weeks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Injection of botulinum-A toxin into the bulbospongiosus muscle can be used as an option for the treatment of PPE. Its clinical application value, however, needs to be verified by further studies with larger samples.</p>

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 701-705, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810160

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the mediating effect of hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (HCT) on the association between alcohol consumption and blood pressure, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of alcohol-attributed hypertension.@*Methods@#1 091 male (age >50 years old) participants with drinking habit were selected from the Guangzhou biobank cohort study (GBCS). Mediation analysis was used to evaluate the mediating effect of Hb and HCT on the association of alcohol consumption (unit/day) with systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP), pulse pressure(PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP).@*Results@#After adjusting for age, body mass index, education level, personal annual income, smoking, occupation and physical activity, the associations of alcohol consumption with SBP, DBP, PP and MAP were partly mediated by Hb, the proportion of mediating effect was 11.8% (95%CI 4.8%-24.7%), 15.3% (95%CI 6.5%-32.0%), 8.4% (95%CI 2.2%-22.5%) and 13.5% (95%CI 5.9%-27.5%), respectively. The associations of alcohol consumption with SBP, DBP, and MAP were also partly mediated by HCT, the proportion of mediating effect was 6.3% (95%CI 1.0%-16.0%), 8.7% (95%CI 1.4%-21.4%), and 7.5% (95%CI 1.0%-18.6%), respectively.@*Conclusion@#There is a significant mediating effect of Hb and HCT on the association between alcohol consumption and blood pressure. Besides efforts on alcohol control, the potential effects of alcohol-induced increase on Hb and HCT, which might also increase the blood pressure, need to be considered to achieve optimal monitoring and prevention of alcohol-related hypertension.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1106-1111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738106

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between people who were under lack of care in childhood and the development of cognitive impairment in their middle-aged and elderly life spans.Methods Based on the baseline survey data of the third phase of "Guangzhou Biobank Cohort study" conducted from January 2007 to January 2008,9 223 residents aged ≥50 years with records on Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) were included in a retrospective survey on received childhood carc of their early lives.Questions would include:feelings of care and support from their close relatives during childhood,the status of separation from their mothers for ≥ 1 year,and the current status of their parents.Linear regression,unconditional and multinomial logistic regression models were used to analyze the associations between the received childhood care and cognitive function (i.e.,MMSE scores and cognitive impairment) in middle and old age,of this population under study.Results After adjusting for age,gender,education,place of residence,marital status,physical activity,smoking,drinking,occupation,personal income,childhood socioeconomic position and depressive symptoms etc.,factors as feeling lack of concern and support from close relatives (LC),status of separation from the mother for ≥ 1 year (SM),and the current status of their parents etc.,were all negatively associated with the MMSE score when in middle and old age,with partial regression coefficient β (95%CI) as-0.44 (-0.65--0.23),-0.26 (-0.38--0.14) and-0.61 (-0.96--0.27),respectively.The presence ofLC,SM or PD were associated with the increased risks of cognitive impairment,and the adjusted odds ratio OR (95%CI) appeared as 1.43 (1.15-1.78),1.26 (1.08-1.47) and 1.64 (1.16-2.31)respectively in all the participants,but 1.27 (1.01-1.62),1.29 (1.09-1.55) and 1.75 (1.19-2.55) respectively,in those with education level of primary school or below.In those with secondary school education or above,only the presence of item A was associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment (OR=2.26,95%CI:1.41-3.50).Conclusion We noticed that ‘lack of care'in childhood was associated with cognitive impairment during middle and old age,mainly in those population with lower education.

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