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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906475


Qingxin Lianzi Yin (QXLZY), as an ancient classical formula for clearing the heart and nourishing the Yin, was composed of nine herbs (Scutellariae Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix, Lycii Cortex, Plantaginis Semen, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle, Nelumbinis Semen, Poria, Astragali Radix and Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma), coming from Prescriptions of the Bureau of Taiping People's Welfare Pharmacy. It could clear away the heart-fire, promote the interaction of the heart and kidney, replenish Qi and Yin, and stop strangury-turbidity. It was used to treat gonorrhea of urination, seminal emission, restlessness, wasting-thirst and so on. At present, the usage and dosage of QXLZY and its addition and subtraction are different in clinical practice. Most of the studies just focus on its clinical efficacy, and there is few review literature reflecting its historical evolution. Based on this, this paper systematically clarified the historical evolution, composition, preparation, interpretation, function, and modern clinical application of QXLZY. This work has been explained the historical evolution of QXLZY, and found that it was wildly used in modern clinical, especially suitable for the treatment of chronic urinary system diseases. At the same time, QXLZY also had significant therapeutic effects on neurasthenia, stomatitis, diabetic nephropathy and other aspects. Through the comprehensive analysis of ancient and modern literature, this work explores the true connotation of QXLZY from the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine theory, which can point out the direction of the clinical application and positioning of this famous classical formula after it comes into the market, and also can provide reference basis for its subsequent in-depth research and development.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710207


AIM To investigate the preventive effects of herbal pair,Scutellariae Radix and Coptidis Rhizoma (SC),on Alzheimer's disease (AD),and its mechanism of action.METHODS Dementia mice induced by 8-week s.i.d subcutaneous injection of D-galactose (100 mg/kg),were simultaneously given respective,intragastric administration of SC crude drug at doses of 5,10,20 g/kg,or piracetam support at 0.75 g/kg,and isometrical distilled water was applied to the mice of normal control group.The mice had their learning and memory abilities checked by Morris water maze at intervals of four weeks and eight weeks since the start of the trial,and their blood and brain tissue biochemical indices measured at the end of the test.RESULTS Significantly shortened latent period in place navigation test and the time of enter into the original platform in the space exploration test were observed in the mice treated with 4-week D-galactose and SC (P <0.05 或 P <0.01).The 8-week intervention demonstrated SC capacity in the significant promotion of T-SOD activity,decreased blood MDA levels (P < 0.01)and the brain AchE levels,and increased brain GSH-Px activity (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION SC increases the concentration of acetylcholine in brain tissue and protects the central nervous tissue under oxidative stress,highlighting its therapeutic effect on AD.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3362-3366, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319116


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>As the widespread use of electric devices in modern life, human are exposed to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF MF) much more frequently than ever. Over the past decades, a substantial number of epidemiological and experimental studies have demonstrated that ELF MF (50 Hz) exposure is associated with increased risk of various health effects. The present study examined the effects of chronic exposure to ELF MF on anxiety level and spatial memory of adult rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 50-Hz ELF MF was used during the whole experimental procedures and the value of magnetic field (MF) was set to 2 mT. Adult rats were divided randomly to control, MF 1 hour and MF 4 hours group. Anxiety-related behaviors were examined in the open field test and the elevated plus maze; changes in spatial learning and memory were determined in Morris water maze after 4 weeks of daily exposure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rats in MF 4 hours group had increased anxiety-like behaviors with unaltered locomotor activity. In the Morris water maze test, rats had reduced latency to find the hidden platform and improved long-term memory of former location of platform without changes in short-term memory and locomotor activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chronic ELF MF exposure has anxiogenic effect on rats, and the promoting effects on spatial learning and long-term retention of spatial memory.</p>

Animals , Anxiety , Electromagnetic Fields , Male , Maze Learning , Physiology , Memory , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357557


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the changes of nitric oxide(NO) and nitric-oxide synthase(NOS) in the development of cold-induced hypertension (CIH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty male Sprague-Dawley adult rats were used. Thirty were exposed to cold (4 +/- 1) degrees C as cold-treated group while the other 30 were at (25 +/- 1) degrees C as controls, 4 hours a day for 6 weeks for both groups. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate were measured twice every week. Each group was further subdivided into three groups, 10 rats each. A subgroup of the cold-treated and control rats were sacrificed at 2, 4 and 6 week. Plasma was saved to measure superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondiadehycle (MDA), while heart was homogenated to measure NO, NOS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1 SBP increased during 6 weeks of exposure to cold. From the second week, SBP of cold-treated group [(94.16 +/- 3.81) mm Hg] was significantly greater than that of control group [(88.77 +/- 4.45 mm Hg), P<0.01]. The highest SBP level was achieved at the sixth week [(116.78 +/- 3.79)mm Hg, P<0.01]. 2 Compared to the control group, SOD in cold-treated group decreased significantly from the second week, and maintained throughout the time of exposure to cold (P<0.05). MDA levels did not differ significantly between cold-treated and control groups though it increased mildly during 6 weeks of cold exposure (P>0.05). Heart NOS in cold-treated group decreased significantly from the fourth week to the sixth week. And a mild decrease was observed in heart NO of cold-treated group during 6 weeks of exposure (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cold-induced hypertension is induced in rats after repeated exposure to cold. The levels of NOS, NO decrease accordingly to the rise of blood pressure. This indicates that the dysfunction of NO and NOS is involved in the development of CIH.</p>

Animals , Cold Temperature , Disease Models, Animal , Hypertension , Metabolism , Male , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase , Blood