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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908303

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the needs of national development and people′s health, the development of nursing education is facing unprecedented challenges. Nursing practice teaching undertakes the important task of providing talents for the national health cause, and it is urgent to explore a teaching mode that can adapt to the development of the times. In order to provide reference for the further development of clinical nursing education in China, we can establish the clinical nursing practice teaching mode with professional competence as the core from the aspects of clarifying the current situation, innovating the teaching model and improving the ideological and political education quality.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908205

ABSTRACT

PhaseⅡexercise rehabilitation of patients with myocardial infarction is the core stage of the whole exercise rehabilitation process, which plays a vital role in disease rehabilitation and prevention. Previous reviews are difficult to highlight the changes and focus of phaseⅡexercise rehabilitation in patients with myocardial infarction. This article provides a general introduction from the perspective of myocardial infarction patients′ phaseⅡexercise rehabilitation. It summarizes the current status and deficiencies of exercise load assessment method, the types of exercise and effect of the myocardial infarction patient′s phaseⅡexercise rehabilitation, in order to provide reference for the improvement of related studies on exercise rehabilitation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908164

ABSTRACT

With the development of human centered medical nursing model, empowerment as a new and effective nursing intervention model has been widely concerned. In this paper, from the overview of empowerment theory, the influencing factors of the implementation of empowerment theory in patients with chronic heart failure and the strategies to improve the implementation effect of empowerment theory for patients with chronic heart failure. The purpose of this review is to provide reference for the implementation of empowerment theory for patients with chronic heart failure in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current status of health-related hardiness among breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy and to analyze its influencing factors, and to provide evidence for the development of psychosocial care programs for breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy.Methods:A total of 126 postoperative breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy were selected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from January to September 2018. The self-designed general data questionnaire and Health-related Hardiness Scale (HRHS) were used to analyze the current status and the influencing factors of health-related hardiness among patients.Results:The overall score of health-related hardiness among breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy was 127.61±20.19, which was located at the low medium level. There were significant differences in the scores of patients of different ages, education background, marital status, fertility status, children status, family history, religion, family income, and medical insurance forms ( t value was -3.800-8.128, F value was 8.906-274.271 P<0.01). The regression analysis showed that the influencing factors of health-related hardiness were age, family income, marital status, education background, family history, and religion. The degree of the dependent variable was 89.4%. Conclusions:Breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy have a low medium level of health-related hardiness, and are affected by age, family income, marital status, education background, family history, and religion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799773

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the classification characteristics of medical students resilience, and psychological stress difference of each latent class.@*Methods@#A total of 500 medical students from a medical university majoring in five-year clinical in Liaoning province were investigated by using the general questionnaire, the resilience scale and the Chinese college students stress scale.@*Results@#Three latent classes model of resilience in medical students was supported, including "low tenacity group" (32.7%), "general resilience group" (32.1%) and "tenacity-strength group" (35.2%). In Logistic regression analysis, the proportion of students whose majors met their interests in the general resilience group (OR=3.796) and the tenacity-strength group (OR=7.556) was larger. There were significant differences in psychological stress scores between different latent classes (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Medical students′ resilience has obvious classification characteristics, and there were different distributions in different latent classes of whose majors meet their interests. Researchers and teachers should pay more attention to the students who have less resilience and whose majors are not in accordance with their own interests, develop their professional interest, and improve psychological stress through appropriate intervention methods.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the classification characteristics of medical students resilience, and psychological stress difference of each latent class.Methods:A total of 500 medical students from a medical university majoring in five-year clinical in Liaoning province were investigated by using the general questionnaire, the resilience scale and the Chinese college students stress scale.Results:Three latent classes model of resilience in medical students was supported, including "low tenacity group" (32.7%), "general resilience group" (32.1%) and "tenacity-strength group" (35.2%). In Logistic regression analysis, the proportion of students whose majors met their interests in the general resilience group ( OR=3.796) and the tenacity-strength group ( OR=7.556) was larger. There were significant differences in psychological stress scores between different latent classes ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Medical students′ resilience has obvious classification characteristics, and there were different distributions in different latent classes of whose majors meet their interests. Researchers and teachers should pay more attention to the students who have less resilience and whose majors are not in accordance with their own interests, develop their professional interest, and improve psychological stress through appropriate intervention methods.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752744

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the humanistic caring ability ,and to analyze the relationship between the positive psychological qualities , emotional intelligence and humanistic caring ability among the nursing interns, and provide theoretical basis to improve nursing students’humanistic caring ability. Methods A total of 132 nursing interns from a three Level of first-class hospital in Liaoning province, were investigated by using the general questionnaire, caring ability inventory, emotional intelligence scale and Positive Mental Characters Scale for China normal university. Results The score of humanistic caring ability was (180.74±18.75) . Among them, the average score of cognitive was the highest (73.71± 10.93) and the average score of courage was the lowest (48.43±11.91 ). Emotional intelligence and positive psychological qualities were positively correlated with the humanistic caring ability, and positive psychological qualities was a intermediate variable between emotional intelligence and humanistic caring ability, and the mediating effect size is 18.71%. Conclusion The level of humanistic caring ability in nursing interns is lower, which needs to be further improved. The emotional intelligence and positive psychological qualities have a significant positive effect on the humanistic caring ability. Schools and internship hospitals can improve their sense of humanistic caring ability by developing the emotional intelligence and positive psychological qualities to stabilize the development of nursing career.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803554

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current status and influencing factors of basis of the replacement of short peripheral intravenous catheters for clinical nurses and explore the obstruction of the latest guide promoted in practice.@*Methods@#The qualitative research method was adopted, and semistructured interviews were used to interview 11 clinical nurses. Data were analyzed by the method of category analysis.@*Results@#Although the clinical nurses mainly used the national standards to do practical operation, they preferred to carry out catheter replacement according to clinical indications. The difference between the latest guide and the national standards was the main obstruction in the practical promotion of the latest guide.@*Conclusions@#The removal of short peripheral intravenous catheters according to clinical indications is more suitable for clinical practice. Further improving the standards of intravenous therapy in China has become a fundamental measure to solve the contradictions of work of clinical nurses, improve patients′ medical experience and save medical resources.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803409

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the humanistic caring ability, and to analyze the relationship between the positive psychological qualities, emotional intelligence and humanistic caring ability among the nursing interns, and provide theoretical basis to improve nursing students’ humanistic caring ability.@*Methods@#A total of 132 nursing interns from a three Level of first-class hospital in Liaoning province, were investigated by using the general questionnaire, caring ability inventory, emotional intelligence scale and Positive Mental Characters Scale for China normal university.@*Results@#The score of humanistic caring ability was (180.74±18.75). Among them, the average score of cognitive was the highest (73.71±10.93) and the average score of courage was the lowest (48.43±11.91). Emotional intelligence and positive psychological qualities were positively correlated with the humanistic caring ability, and positive psychological qualities was a intermediate variable between emotional intelligence and humanistic caring ability, and the mediating effect size is 18.71%.@*Conclusion@#The level of humanistic caring ability in nursing interns is lower, which needs to be further improved. The emotional intelligence and positive psychological qualities have a significant positive effect on the humanistic caring ability. Schools and internship hospitals can improve their sense of humanistic caring ability by developing the emotional intelligence and positive psychological qualities to stabilize the development of nursing career.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697186

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer among females.With the rise of the concept of positive psychology,the research of positive psychology of patients with breast cancer has become a current hot topic.This research reviews the development of this part from aspects of ″the influence of positive psychological factors on the quality of life in patients with breast cancer″and ″the research status of the positive psychological intervention of patients with breast cancer″,in order to provide the reference for building a better psychological nursing intervention model of patients with breast cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606878

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the level of supportive care need and quality of life in patients postoperation for breast cancer and ac-cepting chemotherapy, and the relationship between them. Methods From September, 2015 to June, 2016, 235 patients with breast cancer af-ter surgery were conveniently sampled, and investigated with the general situation questionnaire, Supportive Care Need Survey Short-form (SCNS-SF34) and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B). Results A total of 230 patients were analyzed. Patients self-reported to need supportive care in all dimensions of SCNS-SF34, and the most frequency was in the health information (31.30%). The score of FACT-B was (93.25±23.53), that needed further improvement. The needs of supportive care in each dimension negatively correlat-ed with the scores of FACT-B in the dimensions (|r|>0.168, P<0.05) except society/family and function. Conclusion The patients with breast cancer need variety of supportive care, which may impact their quality of life.

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