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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 583-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects of unilateral secondary puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of type ⅡA acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures (ASOTLF).Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 193 patients with type ⅡA ASOTLF who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from February 2016 to October 2018. They were 71 males and 122 females, aged from 65 to 90 years [average, (73.9±4.3) years]. The segments injured were T10 in 21 cases, T11 in 27 cases, T12 in 44 cases, L1 in 48 cases, L2 in 29 cases, L3 in 14 cases, and L4 in 10 cases. Of them, 85 received unilateral secondary puncture PVP (observation group) and 108 did not (control group). The clinical effects were evaluated by comparing between the 2 groups the operation time, bone cement injection volume, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for back pain, spinal Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height of the injured vertebral body (AH) and kyphosis angle (KA) of the injured vertebra before operation, at 3 days after operation and the last follow-up. The bone cement leakage and fracture of adjacent vertebral body were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 15.8 months). There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05). The operation time and bone cement injection volume [(36.2±1.4) min and (5.5±0.7) mL] in the observation group were significantly longer or more than those in the control group [(32.3±1.7) min and (4.0±0.7) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the hospital stay or intraoperative blood loss between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The VAS, ODI, AH and KA at 3 days after operation and the last follow-up were significantly improved compared with those before operation in both groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS, ODI, AH or KA between the 2 groups before operation or at 3 days after operation ( P>0.05). However, the VAS, ODI, AH and KA at the last follow-up in the observation group [(2.2±0.8) points, 19.2%±5.8%, (2.90±0.21) cm, and 12.2°±1.5°] were better than those in the control group [(3.1±0.9) points, 22.8%±5.3%, (2.41±0.15) cm, and 13.3°±1.2°]. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of postoperative bone cement leakage or that of adjacent vertebral fracture ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of type ⅡA ASOTLF, unilateral secondary puncture PVP can result in satisfactory clinical effects, because it effectively promotes dispersion of bone cement and prevents re-collapse of the vertebra operated but does not increase the risks of bone cement leakage and adjacent vertebral fracture.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 558-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primary anterior surgery for the treatment of lower cervical dislocation with unilateral facet inter-locking.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in the 32 patients who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital for lower cervical dislocation with unilateral facet interlocking from November 2015 to October 2018. According to their treatments, they were divided into 2 groups. In the emergency group treated by flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primary anterior surgery, there were 13 males and 3 females, aged from 24 to 63 years. In the traction group treated by cranial traction reduction combined with secondary anterior surgery, there were 12 males and 4 females, aged from 20 to 64 years. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P<0.05). All patients were followed up from 26 to 40 months. The hospital stay for the emergency group [(7.2±1.2) d] was significantly shorter than that for the traction group[(10.9±1.2) d] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time, blood loss, ASIA grade or JOA score between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). All patients achieved osseous fusion of intervertebral space. Conclusion:Compared with traditional methods, flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primay anterior surgery shows no significant difference in the recovery of neurological function but leads to a shorter hospital stay.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 871-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of forceful reduction percutaneous pedicle screw and ordinary percutaneous pedicle screw in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 566 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi ′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018, including 191 males and 375 females, with age range of 48-79 years [(61.7±10.7)years]. Fracture segments were located at T 11 in 134 patients, T 12 in 154, L 1 in 160, and L 2 in 118. All fractures were type IIIA according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture classification (ASOTLF). The thoracolumbar osteoporotic fracture severity score assessment system (TLOFSAS) score was ≥5 points. A total of 275 patients underwent forceful reduction and percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation (forceful reduction screw group), and 291 patients underwent common percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation (common screw group). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, times of X-ray exposure on patients and measures documented before operation, at 3 days after operation and at 2 years after operation including anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae, sagittal Cobb angle of the injured vertebrae, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analog scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups. Moreover, degree of correction of Cobb angle at 3 days after operation, loss of correction of Cobb angle at 2 years after operation and postoperative complications were observed. Results:All patients were followed up for 25-34 months [(29.9±3.4)months]. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and times of X-ray exposure on patients in forceful reduction screw group were (69.4±10.2)minutes, (60.3±13.1)ml and (26.8±3.7)times, less than (80.6±11.9)minutes, (80.7±15.4)ml and (30.4±3.4)times in common screw group (all P<0.01). There was no significant difference in anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae between the two groups before operation and at 3 days after operation (all P>0.05). The anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae in forceful reduction screw group was (95.5±2.3)% at 2 years after operation, significantly higher than (85.4±1.7)% in common screw group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in sagittal Cobb angle of the injured vertebrae between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The sagittal Cobb of the injured vertebrae in forceful reduction screw group at 3 days and 2 years after operation were (7.9±1.6)° and (8.8±1.5)°, lower than (10.6±1.1)° and (12.3±1.2)° in common screw group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There were no significant difference in JOA score and VAS between the two groups before operation, at 3 days and at 2 years after operation (all P>0.05). The degree of correction of Cobb angle in forceful reduction screw group was (19.4±2.5)°, higher than (17.3±2.6)° in common screw group ( P<0.05). The loss of correction of Cobb angle in forceful reduction group was less than that in common screw group at 2 years after operation, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in forceful reduction screw group was 12.4% (34/275), compared to 14.1% (41/291) in common screw group ( P>0.05). There were no complications such as iatrogenic nerve injury, fracture or loosening of internal fixator or leakage of bone cement in the spinal canal in both groups. Conclusions:For osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis, forceful reduction and percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation can significantly shorten operation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss and times of X-ray exposure on patients, restore height of the injured vertebrae, correct kyphosis and maintain reduction height of the injured vertebrae in contrast with conventional percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 101-108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors associated with the occurrence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after posterior long-segment internal fixation for type IV chronic symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (CSOTLF) in the elderly.Methods:A case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 95 elderly patients with type IV CSOTLF treated in Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2013 to June 2018, including 32 males and 63 females, aged from 60 to 85 years[(67.4±6.5) years]. Injured segments were T 11 in 17 patients, T 12 in 37, L 1 in 30 and L 2 in 11. All patients were treated with posterior long-segment internal fixation and divided into PJK group ( n=30) and non-PJK group ( n=65) according to whether PJK occurred after surgery. Univariate analysis was performed for the correlation of the following indices with the incidence of postoperative PJK, including general information such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), history of smoking, cause of injury, comorbidities, injury segments, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification and time from injury to surgery, preoperative imaging data such as posterior junctional angle (PJA), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis difference (PI-LL), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS), basic surgical data such as posterior ligament complex (PLC) injury, location of upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV), location of lower instrumented vertebrae (LIV) and number of fixed segments. Multifactorial Logistic regression analysis was used to measure the independent risk factors associated with the occurrence of postoperative PJK. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the incidence of postoperative PJK was correlated with age, BMI, BMD, preoperative PJA, preoperative SVA, preoperative PI-LL, PLC injury, location of UIV, location of LIV and number of fixed segments (all P<0.05), rather than gender, history of smoking, cause of injury, comorbidities, injury segments, ASIA classification, time from injury to surgery, preoperative PT and preoperative SS (all P>0.05). Multifactorial Logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥70 years ( OR=32.28, 95% CI 3.83-272.29, P<0.01), BMI>28.0 kg/m 2 ( OR=7.88, 95% CI 1.63-37.99, P<0.01), BMD T value<-3.5 SD ( OR=20.84, 95% CI 2.36-183.93, P<0.01), preoperative PI-LL>20° ( OR=13.30, 95% CI 1.54-113.87, P<0.05) and PLC injury ( OR=13.98, 95% CI 1.37-142.34, P<0.05) were significantly associated with the occurrence of postoperative PJK. Conclusions:Age≥70 years, BMI>28 kg/m 2, BMD T value<-3.5 SD, preoperative PI-LL>20° and PLC injury are independent risk factors for the incidence of PJK after posterior long-segment internal fixation in elderly patients with type IV CSOTLF. Attention should be paid to soft tissue protection and sagittal balance restoration of the spine intraoperatively and weight control and anti-osteoporosis treatment postoperatively.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 876-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909951

ABSTRACT

Skeletal musculoskeletal disorders which are the focus of osteology are characterized by“structural disorders and functional disability”. How to maximize the restoration of musculoskeletal function at the minimum cost is the goal of osteology. With the innovation of treatment concept and technology,orthopedic biomimetic treatment technique represented by artificial bone and joint replacement has gradually replaced the previous bone and joint fusion surgery and become a new breakthrough in the treatment of musculoskeletal system diseases. By reviewing the development history of biomimetic and on the basis of the original biomimetic medicine,the author puts forward a new concept of orthopaedic bionic treatment(OBT),and expounds its connotation and development in order to explore a new direction to solve the problems of orthopedic treatment. The continuous development of OBT will drive fundamental changes in the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. The combination of OBT “biomimetic alternative therapy”and“biomimetic natural therapy” will achieve “anatomical reconstruction” and “functional recovery” of skeletal muscle system.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 541-548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and non-surgical treatment of patients with type I fracture according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 115 patients with ASOTLF admitted to Honghui Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018. There were 48 males and 67 females, aged 65-92 years [(75.3±8.5)years]. According to clinical symptoms and imaging characteristics, all patients were identified with type I fracture according to the ASOTLF classification. Injury segments were at T 6 to T 10 in 10 patients, at T 11 in 15, at T 12 in 26, at L 1 in 34, ay L 2 in 18, at L 3 in 7, and at L 4 in 5. A total of 73 patients received PVP combined with anti-osteoporosis treatment (surgery group), and 42 patients received non-surgery combined anti-osteoporosis treatment (non-surgery group). Before treatment, at 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up, the visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain, the Roland Morris Disability (RMD) score to assess the spinal function, and the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO) score to evaluate the quality of life. The bone mineral density was compared between groups before treatment and at 1 year after treatment. The complications were observed as well. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.2±4.6)months]. At 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.9±0.6)points, (3.3±0.6)points, (2.9±0.3)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(6.0±0.7)points, (5.0±0.8)points, (4.2±1.0)points, respectively] (all P<0.05); the RMD score in surgery group [(15.2±0.7)points, (12.6±0.7)points, (10.6±0.7)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(16.4±0.8)points, (14.6±0.8)points, (12.7±0.6)points, respectively] (all P<0.05). At 1 day and 1 month after treatment, the QUALEFFO score in surgery group [(46.0±1.1)points, (41.4±0.8)points] was lower than that in non-surgery group [(50.3±0.8)points, (44.7±1.2)points] (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups at other time points of the above indicators ( P>0.05). At 1 year after treatment, the bone mineral density in surgery group was (-3.0±0.9)SD, and was (-2.8±1.1)SD in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between surgery group [37%(27/73)] and non-surgery group [33%(14/42)] ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For patients with ASOTLF type I fracture, PVP and non-surgical treatment has similar effects in anti-osteoporosis and occurrence of complications, but the PVP is superior to non-surgical treatment in early pain relief, spinal function improvement and quality of life.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 318-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) at stage I in treatment of acute multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the elderly with over 3 vertebrae operated.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 105 aged patients with acute multi-segment OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from October 2015 to February 2019. There were 27 males and 78 females, aged 65-92 years [(73.0±14.5)years]. All patients received stage I multi-segmental PVP and standard anti-osteoporosis treatment. There were more than 3 operative vertebral segments in 30 patients (observation group) and less than or equal to 3 operative vertebral segments in 75 patients (control group). The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, cement injection volume, cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures were compared between the two groups. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and activity of daily living (ADL) score were compared before operation, 1 day, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 11-13 months [(12.5±1.8)months]. The observation group showed operation time of (71.2±12.2)minutes, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency of (38.8±6.4)times and cement injection volume of (20.2±4.6)ml, more than those in control group [(52.3±10.6)minutes, (25.4±5.3)times, (12.3±4.3)ml] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures between the two groups ( P>0.05). No complications such as infection, nerve damage or cement implantation syndrome occurred. Before operation, 1 day after operation, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up, the VAS in observation group [(7.6±0.7)points, (3.0±0.8)points, (2.3±0.7)points, (2.2±0.6)points] showed no significant difference from those in control group [(7.4±0.5)points, (2.9±0.4)points, (2.1±0.5)points, (2.0±0.5)points], the ODI in observation group [(74.6±3.3)%, (36.8±4.6)%, (29.7±4.0)%, (24.0±3.6)%] did not differ from those in control group [(73.8±1.0)%, (35.1±0.9)%, (28.4±2.2)%, (22.8±0.9)%], the ADL score in observation group [(34.5±5.0)points, (54.5±3.8)points, (73.7±3.9)points] were similar with those in control group [(36.2±3.4)points, (56.8±4.7)points, (75.3±5.3)points, (81.3±4.5)points] (all P>0.05). The postoperative VAS, ODI and ADL score in both groups were significantly improved in comparison with preoperation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For acute multi-segment OVCF in the elderly with over 3 or not more than 3 the vertebrae operated, PVP at stage I has the same advantages in early pain relief and improvement of motor function and quality of life.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 15-21, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the treatment options for patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (OTLICS) of 4 points following acute symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) .Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 108 patients with acute symptomatic OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University Faculty of Medicine from February 2016 to February 2018. There were 21 males and 87 females, aged 55-92 years [(71.6±5.3)years]. All patients had OTLICS score of 4 points. Of all, 76 patients were treated operatively (surgery group) and 32 patients were treated non-operatively (non-surgery group). The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and quality of life score (SF-36) were compared between the two groups before treatment, at 1 week, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up. The recovery of the injured vertebrae before and after treatment (Cobb angle of the injured vertebra, relative height of the anterior edge of the injured vertebrae), adjacent vertebral body fractures, and complications were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.4±4.2)months]. At 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.5±1.0)points, (2.1±0.6)points, (2.0±0.4)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(6.4±1.7)points, (5.3±1.5)points, (3.3±0.6)points] ( P<0.05), the ODI in surgery group [(45.8±10.3)points, (35.3±8.6)points, (26.5±7.1)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(65.7±12.1)points, (58.3±10.7)points, (45.6±9.3)points] ( P<0.05), the SF-36 in surgery group [(82.8±1.4)points, (85.0±1.5)points, (88.0±1.3)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(80.4±1.3)points, (81.5±1.4)points, (85.6±1.1)points] ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, there were no significant differences in VAS, ODI and SF-36 between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 3 months, 6 months and the last follow-up, the Cobb angle in surgery group [(18.3±3.9)°, (17.5±3.0)°, (17.8±1.6)°] was better than that in non-surgery group [(22.4±2.2)°, (22.5±1.7)°, (22.1±1.3)°] ( P<0.05), and the relative height of the anterior edge of the injured vertebra in surgery group [(75.4±8.6)%, (76.6±8.6)%, (75.2±8.3)%] was better than that in non-surgery group [(63.5±7.6)%, (65.2±7.4)%, (62.8±7.2)%] ( P<0.05). The adjacent vertebral fractures occurred in 6 patients (8%) in surgery group, and in 2 patients (6%)in non-surgey group ( P>0.05). Postoperative complications occurred in 8 patients (11%) in surgery group, and occurred in 6 patients (19%) in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:When applying the OTLICS scoring system to treat acute symptomatic OVCF, patients with OTLICS score of 4 points should be promptly treated with operatively, which can quick relieve pain, correct deformities promote functional recovery, and improve quality of life.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 62-67,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882440

ABSTRACT

Spinal tuberculosis is one of the common causes of severe kyphosis. The formation of spinal tuberculosis kyphosis is multi-factors, including age at the time of infection, the cumulative number of segments, the height of vertebral body loss before treatment, and "spine danger signs" . Although the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs has achieved good results, for patients with spinal tuberculosis cured by drug treatment, the kyphosis will continue to progress and gradually develop into a severe kyphosis. Then there are a series of problems such as appearance, psychology, rib-pelvic impingement, cardiopulmonary dysfunction, and nerve and spinal cord compression. The X-ray signs of the height of the vertebral body loss and "spine danger signs" before treatment can help predict the severity of future deformities. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the formation of kyphosis of spinal tuberculosis and individualized selection of surgical methods according to the specific conditions of the disease as soon as possible can effectively prevent the formation of kyphosis and reduce the incidence of neurological damage and delayed paralysis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1503-1512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a new grading system-the posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity (PLICS) score for subaxial cervical spine injury, and evaluate its value in guiding the approach selection for subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:All of 394 cases of subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation who received single anterior reduction and fixation in our hospital from January 2002 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 354 cases were finally included in this study. The Patients experienced internal fixation failure, postoperative kyphosis or interspinal process space dilation during follow-up were included into the failure group. Other patients were included into the successful group. The difference of visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), ASIA score and PLICS score before and after surgery between the two groups was compared respectively. The PLICS score is composed of left, right and posterior columns. The injury of the posterior column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. The evaluation of lateral column injury included ligament and bone structure. The evaluation of ligament injury included: 1 point for the subluxation of the facet joint, 2 points for the dislocation or the facet joint; Fractures of the lateral column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. For the evaluation of the lateral column, the highest score of ligament or bone structure injury was reflected as the score of posterior column injury and was taken into the calculation of the final PLICS score.Results:All 354 patients had complete follow-up data, and the average follow-up time was 18.0±4.0 months, including 339 patients of successful group and 15 patients of failure group. At the 12 month follow-up, the average VAS score of the patients in the successful group decreased from 6.9±0.6 before the operation to 1.9±0.6 ( t=22.481, P<0.0001), and the average VAS score of the patients in the failure group decreased from 5.6±1.0 to 1.1±0.3 ( t=77.252, P<0.0001). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The NDI score of the successful group was significantly lower than that of the failure group (7.1%±1.2% vs 15.7%±2.7%, t=24.993, P<0.0001). PLICS score in two groups of patients were analyzed. There was a significant difference in PLICS scores between the two groups ( t=8.777, P<0.0001). According to the PLICS score, the ROC operating curve of the failure of internal fixation after anterior-only surgery was determined. The area under the curve was 0.981, and the 95% confidence interval was 0.943, 1.000. When the PLICS score was 6.5, the maximum value of the Jordan index was 0.927, the sensitivity was 0.994, and the specificity was 0.067. Considering the clinical practicality of PLICS score and the different clinical outcomes of the sub-classification groups of the PLICS score=7, we finally set the threshold as PLICS score=7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture. Conclusion:The PLICS score is based on the anatomy of the posterior three-column structure of the subaxial cervical spine. It gives consideration to the bony structures, including bilateral lateral mass, spinous process, lamina, and the ligament structures. What's more, the overall damage severity of the posterior three columns of the subaxial cervical spine was quantified according to the evaluation of the injury characteristics of each column of ligament-bone structure. In this study, PLICS score and clinical efficacy were compared between two groups of patients, and it was finally determined that when PLICS score ≥7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture, the risk of internal fixation failure is higher for anterior-only approach surgery alone. For these patients, anterior and posterior approach surgery may be considered.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 625-634, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of residual back pain (RBP) in patients undergone PVP within 1 month and further analyze the correlation.Methods:Between March 2013 and January 2015, 1 316 patients with OVCF were treated by PVP. RBP after PVP was defined as a visual analogue scale (VAS) score of > 4 both 1 week and 1 month post-operatively. According to the pain relief, the patients were divided into two groups, the satisfied group and the unsatisfied group. All patients were scheduled for follow-up at1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year post-operatively, during which radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and short time inversion recovery (STIR) sequences) were recommended to detect the existence of secondary OVCF. VAS scores and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were recorded. Demographic data, surgical information, anesthesia method, number of OVCF, injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone, imaging data and other comorbidity informations of patients in the two groups were analyzed by Logistic regression for the factors related to RBP after PVP.Results:Among 1 316 patients, 60 cases complained RBP, and the prevalence was 4.6%. VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly different at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery, suggesting there was a certain degree of residual pain in the lower back of patients in the unsatisfied group, which was more severe than that in the satisfied group. However, the above differences disappeared in the follow-up of 12 months after surgery.Univariate analysesshowed that preoperative bone mineral density (BMD), number of fracture, cement distribution and volume injected per level and lumbodorsal fascia contusion were associated with RBP after PVP ( P< 0.01, retrospectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that the absolute value of pre-operative BMD(odds ratio ( OR)=3.577, P=0.029), combined withlumbodorsal fascia contusion ( OR=3.805, P=0.002), number of fracture ( OR=3.440, P<0.001), satisfactory cement distribution ( OR=3.009, P=0.013) and combined with depression ( OR=3.426, P=0.028) were positively correlated with RBP after PVP, and these were risk factors. The injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone ( OR=0.079, P<0.001) was negatively correlated with RBP after PVP, which was a protective factor. Conclusion:Pre-operative low BMD, lumbodorsal fascial injury, multiple segment OVCF, insufficient cement injected volume, unsatisfactory cement distribution and depression were risk factors associated with RBP after PVP in patients with OVCF.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 612-617, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754689

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Objective To investigate the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on the differentiation of epidermal stem cells(ESCs) into nerve cells in rats.Methods The epidermal basal layer tissue of newborn SD rats (1-3 days) were isolated and obtained.ESCs were digested and isolated by rapid attachment to a substrate,and the morphology of ESCs was observed under an inverted microscope.ESCs were cuhured with Keratinocytes serum-free medium (K-SFM).The ESCs were grouped and treated according to the density including Group A:0.1 × 107/ml,Group B:0.3 × 107/ml.Group C:0.5 × 1 07/ml,Group D:0.1 × 106/ml,and each group was added bFGF (20 ng/ml).The changes of cell morphology were observed and counted for seven days.The changes of cell markers Nestin and NSE were detected by immunohistochenistry.Results The ESCs of SD rat were isolated successfully.After bFGF induction,the numbers of cells with morphological changes in Groups A and B were larger than those in other two groups in the first 6 days (P < 0.05),and the number in Group A was the largest on the seventh day (P < 0.05).On the third day,Group C had the largest number of cells with changes based on the comparison within the group.There was no change in cell morphology in Group D.Immunohistochemistry showed positive Nestin and NSE.Conclusion The bFGF helps induce the differentiation of ESCs into nerve cells,which is associated with the cell density.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 468-476, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708562

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the feasibility,the advantages and disadvantages,the clinical efficacy and the indications of minimally invasive transforaminal endoscopic debridement combined with allograft and posterial percutaneous internal fixation for thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis.Methods All of 22 patients with thoracolumbar tuberculosis treated in our department from January 2012 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed.There are 11 male and female cases separately,with an average age of 54.1 ±10.2 years and with an average disease duration of 5.3 ± 1.9 months.Endoscopic lesion removal and allograft bone grafting combined with posterial percutaneous immobilization were performed on all these cases.The data of these patients were complete,and all patients had been followed up for more than 36 months.The clinical and radiographic results were recorded and analyzed.Results In this group,22 patients were followed-up for 41.9±2.5 months(36-48 months).The spinal kyphosis was not improved 3 months after surgery (t=0.3546,P=0.7029),but the amount of blood loss (30.5±7.9 ml) was less in the operation,the amount of postoperative analgesics(0.3±0.1 g) was low and the bed time(1.5±0.3 days) was short.No recurrence and no internal fixation failure was found after long term follow-up.Good clinical outcomes were achieved with the fusion rate reached above grade 2 in all patients(95.5%) except one.The neuralgia was relieved,and the spinal cord injury was recovered to ASIA E.The VAS score and SF-36 score which were recorded 1 month and 3 months after operative were all improved significantly compared with those before operation,and patients' life quality in the early period after operation was excellent.The incidence of complications was low(9.0%),and the patients were satisfied with the treatment process.Conclusion It may be a potential way to treat spinal tuberculosis with minimally invasive transforaminal endoscopic debridement combined with allograft and percutaneous internal fixation,which could be a powerful supplement to other therapeutic measures,and is worthy of further research and development.

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Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4837-4841, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615057

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Objective:To investigate the role of MicroRNA-9-1 in inducing epidermal stem cells(ESCs) differentiation into neurons.Methods:The lentiviral of MicroRNA-9-1 was constructed and transfected into rats epidermal stem cells.The experiment was divided into transfected group,non-transfected group and the negative control group.The β-mercaptoethanol was as an inducer for triggering the ESCs to differentiate into neurons.The GFP fluorescence expression of epidermal stem cells after transfection was observed under inverted fluorescence microscope.The protein and mRNA expression level of microtuble-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) was detected by immunocytochemical method and RT-PCR,respectively.Results:The result of Positive clone PCR confirmed successful construction of MicroRNA-9-1 in rats.Transfection after 48 h,the expressing of GFP fluorescence at peak in transfected group,and transfection efficiency reached (85.6+1.9)%.Most ESCs differentiated into neurons in transfected group after β-mercaptoethanol induction 7 h,and the effect was significantly better than non-transfected group and the negative control group.The protein ((87.3± 0.6)%) and mRNA (about twice over) expression levels of MAP-2 in transfected group was higher than those in non-transfected group and the negative control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:The lentiviral of MicroRNA-9-1 has high transfection efficiency in rats ESCs,and could promoted ESCs differentiate into neurons under β-mercaptoethanol induced.

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Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 337-340, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614266

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Objective To investigate the relationship between the level of serum triglyceride and early pain after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Methods A total of 79 patients who were admitted into our hospital from March 2016 to December 2016 were selected into the study,and these patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of pain which means 32 cases in the minor pain group and 47 cases in the intermediate pain group.The difference of serum triglyceride level 3 days after operation were compared between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was performed to test the correlation between the level of serum triglyceride and early post-surgical pain.Logistic regression analysis was performed to test the risk factors for early post-surgical pain.Results The data indicated the level of pain was significant higher in the intermediate pain group than that of the minor pain group.Level of serum triglyceride had a significantly positive correlation with the level of post-surgical pain and it was the risk factor of pain after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Conclusion The level of serum triglyceride is the risk factor of early post-surgical pain of lumbar single level interbody infusion,and it should be adjusted in the perioperative treatment.

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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 310-314, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512111

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Objective To determine the clinical efficacy of limited internal fixation with posterior titanium plates for unstable atlas fractures.Methods A retrospective case series analysis was performed for 29 patients with unstable atlas fractures immobilized using the posterior titanium plate from January 2011 to November 2014.There were 22 males and seven females,with a mean age of 41.5 years (range,17-68 years).Ten patients were diagnosed with 1/2 ring Jefferson fractures,12 anterior 1/2 Jefferson fractures and seven patients posterior 3/4 Jefferson fractures.Frankel neurological performance scale was grade E in all patients.Operation time,amount of bleeding during operation and postoperative complications were recorded.X-ray and CT were performed to identify the fusion,internal fixation location and atlantoaxial stability.Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for craniocervical pain and cervical range of motion were evaluated.Results Mean duration of procedure was (86.6 ± 7.8) min (range,68-122 min) and mean blood loss was (120.0 ± 25.3) ml (range,90-400 ml).No vascular and neurologic complications were noted.All patients were followed up for (22.5 ± 18.0)months (range,12-32 months).CT scans confirmed bony union in all patients 6 months after operation.No plate-related complications,implant lessening and implant breakage occurred during the follow-up.Postoperative VAS [(1.9 ± 1.1) points] was significantly lower than that before operation [(7.2 ± 1.4) points] (P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,the ranges of cervical flexion-extension [(81.3 ± 22.2) °] and rotation [(152.4 ±38.7) °] were close to the normal range.Conclusion Limited internal fixation with posterior titanium plates is a safe and effective surgical method that contributes to good reduction and maximal preservation of cervical physiological motion.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 321-326, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512110

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Objective To observe the efficacy of posterior atlantoaxial fusion for C1/C2 fractures combined with ponticulus posticus.Methods A retrospective case series review was performed on data of 12 cases of C1/C2 fractures combined with ponticulus posticus treated from January 2008 to January 2014.There were 7 males and 5 females,aged 35.5 (23.5-49.25) years.Three cases were diagnosed with C1 lateral mass fractures combined with other injury,seven type Ⅱ odontoid fractures,and two type Ⅲ odontoid fractures.Nine cases whose C1 pedicle height ≥4 mm in both sides underwent posterior C1-C2 screw-rod fixation and fusion,and three cases whose C1 pedicle height was < 4 mm underwent posterior C1-C2 hook-screw fixation and fusion.Operation time,blood loss and complications were recorded.Variations in American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were compared before operation and at final follow-up.Position of internal implant,fracture healing and fusion were observed.Results Surgery was successful in all cases.Operation time was 145 (120-160) min,and blood loss was 200 (200-300)ml.No intraoperative injury to the vertebral artery injury,venous plexus,spine and nerve root occurred,and no cases showed ponticulus posticus after operation.Follow-up period was 24 (12-33) months.Postoperative imaging demonstrated satisfactory implant placement in all eases.Before operation,one case was rated as ASIA grade A,two as grade D and nine as grade E.One case was rated as ASIA grade A and 11 as grade E at the final follow-up.VAS was improved from preoperative 7 (6-8) points to 0(0-1) points at the final follow-up (P < 0.05).Fracture healing and fusion were observed in all cases at the final follow-up.Conclusion Posterior atlantoaxial fusion for C1/C2 fractures combined with ponticulus posticus is a safe and effective procedure that can promote fracture union without increasing the risk of vertebral artery injury.

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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 13-18, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505383

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Objective To compare the efficacy of KumaFix posterior spinal screw/rod system (KumaFix system) and posterior U-shape screw/rod system for treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures.Methods A total of 131 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures treated from January 2011 to July 2011 were prospectively analyzed.All patients showed thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) more than 5 points and spinal load-sharing classification (LSC) score of 4-6.The patients were assigned to two groups according to the coin toss method:group A (n =72,treated with reduction and fixation with KumaFix system in combination with transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae) and group B (n =59,submitted to posterior reduction and fixation with U-shaped screw/rod system in combination with transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae).In group A,there were 41 male and 31 female patients at age of (41.2 ± 4.9) years (range,20-53 years).In group B,there were 33 male and 26 female patients at age of(40.6 ± 4.5)years (range,21-51 years).The two groups were analyzed and compared in aspects of operation time,blood loss,anterior vertebral height ratio,middle vertebral height ratio,posterior vertebral height ratio,kyphosis angle,Oswestry disability index (ODI) and incidence of adjacent segment degeneration.Results All patients were followed up for mean 5.3 years (range,5.1-5.8 years).Operation time and blood loss were (72.5 ±21.8)rain and (320.6 ±90.0)ml in group A,less than (104.3 ±20.7)min and (421.0 ± 84.5) ml in group B (P < 0.05).Both groups achieved obvious improvements in anterior vertebral height ratio,middle vertebral height ratio,posterior vertebral height ratio and kyphosis angle after operation(P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,the middle vertebral height ratio was (92.0 ± 2.8) % in group A,better than (84.1 ± 5.1) % in group B (P < 0.05).Both groups showed improvement in ODI after operation (P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,ODI and incidence of adjacent segment degeneration were 11.9 ± 7.1 and 0 in group A,decreased compared to 20.9 ± 6.7 and 12% in group B (P < 0.05).Conclusions For thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures,the KumaFix system has better reduction effect than U-shape screw/rod system.Meanwhile,the KumaFix system can avoid negative effect.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 541-546, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608017

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Objective To investigate the clinical features,safety and clinical efficacy of the posterior decompression and interbody fusion with internal fixation for complete thoracolumbar fracture and dislocation.Methods The clinical data of 23 patients with complete thoracolumbar fracture and dislocation treated by posterior decompression and interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation from August 2011 to October 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 18 males and 15 females,aging from 20 to 50 years old with an average age of 38.2±0.3 years.There were 8 cases of T10,11 vertebral dislocation,8 of T11,12 vertebral dislocation,3 of T12L1 vertebral dislocation,and 4 of L1.2 vertebral dislocation.All the patients had different degrees of multiple rib fractures and pneumothorax complications.Preoperative spinal cord nerve function was evaluated according to the American Spinal Injury Association of spinal cord function (ASIA).There were 10 cases of ASIA grade A and 13 cases of grade B.Operation time,intraoperative blood loss,clinical outcome,imaging X-ray and CT examination,segmental kyphosis angle and bone graft fusion were recorded.Results All the patients were followed up for 13 to 26 months,average 20.2±4.3 months.The operation time ranged from 150 to 260 min with the average time of 180.3± 14.8 min;intraoperative blood loss was 800-1 500 ml with the average of 950.2±98.1 ml.Preoperative sagittal Cobb angle was-13.5° ±6.3° (range,-20.1° to 2.3°);postoperative sagittal Cobb angle was 1.43°±6.4° (range,-7.6° to 3.5°);at the latest follow-up,sagittal Cobb angle was 1.6°±6.3° (range,-8.1° to 10.3°);the dislocation reduced from preoperative 100% to postoperative 0-15% (10%±6%).After operation,the ASIA grade of 2 cases improved from A to B,and 5 cases improved from B to C.All of the patients had bone fusion after operation,no false joint or nonunion occurred,no loosening or breakage of internal fixation occurred.Conclusion There are high risks and difficulty of surgery for those who with thoracolumbar fracture dislocation and severe injuries of spine and spinal cord combined with multiple injuries.Proper treatment of preoperative complications is the premise of good curative effect;reliable fusion and long segment internal fixation is the key of operation.Single posterior decompression and reduction with interbody fusion and internal fixation is less invasive and could achieve satisfactory clinical efficacy.

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