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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231377, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1519248

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the quantity and positioning of feldspathic ceramic specimens inside the furnace on their flexural strength and translucency. The tested hypotheses were that the arrangement of specimens in the furnance would not influence 1) the translucency or 2) the biaxial strength of the porcelain. Methods: Ninety porcelain specimens were made (1.2 mm thickness and 13.5 mm diameter) and assigned into two main groups (n=15): G1 group - 15 firing cycles containing only one specimen each, always at the center of the refractory; and G5 group - 15 firing cycles containing five specimen each, where one specimen was at the center of the refractory and four specimens positioned equidistantly on the periphery. The translucency test was performed using a spectrophotometer, followed by the flexural strength test, according to ISO 6872:2015. T-student test was performed for both the mechanical and optical obtained data. Results: The flexural strength of the porcelain was not affected by the positioning (center x periphery) of the specimens inside the furnace (p =0.08), but the translucency was affected (periphery > center; p =0.009). Regarding to the number of feldspathic ceramic specimens, the biaxial flexural strength was affected (p =0.025), as well as the translucency (p <0.05). Conclusion: A higher quantity of feldspathic ceramic specimens for each firing cycle decreased its biaxial flexural strength and translucency. Also, specimens positioned at the center of the refractory became less translucent than those positioned at the periphery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thermodynamics , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Absorption, Physicochemical , Flexural Strength , Light , Spectrophotometry , Temperature , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Fractographic Analysis
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352726

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) and mechanical methods for removing the temporary cement on the bond strength between dentin and resin cements. Material and Methods: Bovine incisors were ground until dentin exposure and divided according to two factors: "dentin surface treatment"' - cleaning with manual dental excavator (DE), with Robinson bristle brush and pumice paste (PP) or IDS application with Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB+PP) or Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) plus cleaning with PP; and "resin cement" - Self-adhesive (RelyX U200) or conventional cement with self-etching adhesive (Multilink Automix). Simulating provisional restoration, acrylic resin plates were cemented onto the dentin surface (with or without IDS) with a non-eugenol temporary cement, and stored in distilled water (37 ºC; 7 days). The acrylic plates were removed, the dentin surface was cleaned (PP or DE), and starch tubes were positioned on the dentin where the resin cements were applied. After 24 h, the specimens were submitted to a microshear test (wire-loop method). Results: Two-way analysis of variance showed statistically significant influence of dentine surface treatments (p< 0.001) and resin cement (p= 0.001) in the bond strength values. The IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7.24 MPa) and IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6.40 MPa) groups presented higher values when compared to cleaning with DE (DE/U200= 4.60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1.45 MPa) and PP (PP/U200= 3.74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3.14 MPa). Statistical difference was also found between the cements when dental excavator treatment was used (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). The IDS/SBU+PP protocol presented a higher percentage of cohesive failures. The micrographs showed differences in dentin surface characteristics among the groups. Conclusion: Immediate dentin sealing increased the bond strength of the resin cements to dentin compared to mechanical cleaning only, regardless the resin cement. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do selamento dentinário imediato (IDS) e dos métodos mecânicos de remoção do cimento provisório na resistência de união entre dentina e cimentos resinosos. Materiais e Métodos: Incisivos bovinos foram desgastados até a exposição da dentina e divididos de acordo com dois fatores: "tratamento da superfície dentinária" - limpeza com cureta dentária manual (DE), com escova de cerdas Robinson e pasta de pedra-pomes (PP) ou aplicação de IDS com Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB +PP) ou Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) mais limpeza com PP; e "cimento resinoso" - autoadesivo (RelyX U200) ou cimento convencional com adesivo autocondicionante (Multilink Automix). Simulando a restauração provisória, placas de resina acrílica foram cimentadas na superfície dentinária (com ou sem IDS) com um cimento provisório sem eugenol e armazenadas em água destilada (37 ºC; 7 dias). As placas de acrílico foram removidas, a superfície dentinária foi limpa (PP ou DE) e tubos de amido foram posicionados na dentina onde os cimentos resinosos foram aplicados. Após 24 h, os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (método wire-loop). Resultados: A análise de variância de dois fatores mostrou influência estatisticamente significativa dos tratamentos de superfície dentinária (p< 0,001) e cimento resinoso (p= 0,001) nos valores de resistência de união. Os grupos IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7,24 MPa) e IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6,40 MPa) apresentaram valores maiores quando comparados à limpeza com DE (DE/U200= 4,60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1,45 MPa) e PP (PP/U200= 3,74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3,14 MPa). Uma diferença estatística também foi encontrada entre os cimentos quando o tratamento com cureta dentária foi usado (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). O protocolo IDS/SBU+PP apresentou maior percentual de falhas coesivas. As micrografias mostraram diferenças nas características da superfície dentinária entre os grupos. Conclusão: O selamento dentinário imediato aumentou a resistência de união dos cimentos resinosos à dentina em comparação com a limpeza mecânica apenas, independentemente do cimento resinoso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cattle , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(6): 54-65, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355843

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effect of surface roughness (polished vs. CAD/CAM milling simulation) on impact strength of five dental ceramics for manufacturing CAD/CAM monolithic restorations. Specimens of five ceramics (FC- feldspathic glass-ceramic; PICN- polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network; ZLS- zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass-ceramic; LD- lithium disilicate glass-ceramic; YZ- yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic) to be tested under impact (15×10×2mm3; n= 15) were divided into two groups, according to surface treatment: polishing (pol) and grinding (gri) as CAD/CAM milling simulation. Impact strength was tested using the Dynstat method. Roughness, topographic, fractographic and finite element analyses were performed. The impact strength data were analyzed by Weibull, and Pearson correlation was used to correlate roughness and impact strength data. The CAD/CAM milling simulation led to significantly (p<0.05) greater roughness (Ra and Rz) and statistically reduced the impact strength for PICN (polPICN= 4.59 to griPICN= 1.09; ±76% decrease), for LD (polLD= 17.69 to griLD= 10.09; ±43% decrease) and for YZ (polYZ= 74.99 to griYZ= 20.67; ±72% decrease) ceramics; and also promoted a more irregular topography with scratches and grooves. Fractographic and FEA analyses depicted the origin of failure at the higher stress concentration side during the impact test, where the pendulum impacted. The CAD/CAM milling simulation significantly decreased the impact strength of the evaluated ceramic materials.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito da rugosidade da superfície (polido vs. simulação da usinagem em CAD/CAM) na resistência ao impacto de cinco cerâmicas odontológicas indicadas na fabricação de restaurações monolíticas em CAD/CAM. Espécimes de cinco cerâmicas (FC- vitrocerâmica feldspática; PICN- rede de cerâmica infiltrada com polímero; ZLS- vitrocerâmica de silicato de lítio reforçada com zircônia; LD- vitrocerâmica de dissilicato de lítio; YZ- cerâmica policristalina de zircônia tetragonal estabilizada com ítria), a serem testados sob impacto (15 × 10 × 2mm3; n= 15), foram divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com o tratamento superficial: polimento (pol) e desgaste (gri), usado como simulação da usinagem em CAD/CAM. A resistência ao impacto foi testada usando o método Dynstat. Foram realizadas as análises de rugosidade, topografia, fractografia e análise de elementos finitos. Os dados de resistência ao impacto foram analisados pela análise de Weibull, e a correlação de Pearson foi usada para correlacionar os dados de rugosidade e resistência ao impacto. A simulação da usinagem em CAD/CAM levou a uma rugosidade (Ra e Rz) significativamente maior (p < 0,05) para todas as cerâmicas, e reduziu estatisticamente a resistência ao impacto para as cerâmicas PICN (polPICN = 4,59 para griPICN = 1,09; redução de ± 76%), LD (polLD = 17,69 para griLD = 10,09; ± 43% de redução) e YZ (polYZ = 74,99 para griYZ = 20,67; ± 72% de redução); e também promoveu uma topografia mais irregular apresentando riscos e sulcos acentuados. As análises de fractografia e de elementos finitos mostraram a origem da falha no lado de maior concentração de tensão durante o teste de impacto, onde o pêndulo impactou o espécime. A simulação da usinagem em CAD/CAM reduziu significativamente a resistência ao impacto dos materiais cerâmicos avaliados.

4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 56-64, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345501

ABSTRACT

Abstract It aims on evaluate the effect of the test environment on static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based (LD), and yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Specimens of LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3 mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) were randomly allocated into three groups: tested in air, inert (paraffin oil, Sigma Aldrich) or distilled water. The static fatigue test (n=15) was performed using a piston-on-three ball assembly, adapted from ISO 6872, as follows: starting load 100 N for LD and 300 N for YSZ; loading application time set to 1 hour for each loading step; step size of 50 N for LD and 100 N for YSZ, applied successively until fracture. Data from static fatigue strength (MPa) and time to fracture (hours) were recorded. Fractographic analysis was executed. Survival analysis corroborates absence of influence of environment on static fatigue outcomes (fatigue strength, time to fracture and survival rates) for YSZ. For LD, specimens tested in air presented statistically superior survival rate and static fatigue strength (p= 0.025). In regards of time to fracture, LD tested in air were superior than when tested in distilled water (p=0.019) or inert (p=0.017) environments. No statistical differences for Weibull modulus were observed. Failures started on the tensile stress surface. Thus, the test environment did not affect slow crack growth (SCG) mechanisms during static fatigue test of YSZ ceramics, but it plays a significant role for the static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based glass ceramics, indicating a high susceptibility to SCG.


Resumo O presente estudo objetivou investigar a influência do ambiente de teste no comportamento a fadiga estática (resistência à fratura e tempo para falha) de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio (LD) e zircônia estabilizada com ítria (YSZ). Espécimes de LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) e YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) foram obtidos e alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos: testado em ar, em líquido inerte (óleo de parafina) ou em água destilada. O teste de fadiga estática (n= 15) foi realizado usando o teste pistão sobre três esferas, ISO 6872, da seguinte forma: carga inicial 100 N para LD e 300 N para YSZ; tempo de aplicação de carregamento definido para 1 hora para cada etapa de carregamento; tamanho do passo de 50 N para LD e 100 N para YSZ, aplicados sucessivamente até a fratura. Dados de resistência à fadiga estática (MPa) e tempo até a fratura (horas) foram registrados. A análise fractográfica foi executada. A análise de sobrevivência corrobora a ausência de influência do ambiente de teste nos resultados de fadiga estática (resistência à fadiga, tempo de fratura e taxas de sobrevivência) para a YSZ. Para LD, os corpos de prova testados em ar apresentaram taxa de sobrevivência e resistência à fadiga estática estatisticamente superiores (p= 0,025). Em relação ao tempo de fratura, os espécimes LD testados em ar foram superiores aos testados em água destilada (p= 0,019) ou em ambiente inerte (p= 0,017). Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas para o módulo de Weibull. Todas as falhas começaram no lado onde se concentra a tensão de tração (lado de baixo) durante o teste. Com base nisso, observa-se que o ambiente de teste não afetou os mecanismos de crescimento lento de trinca durante o teste de fadiga estática da cerâmica YSZ, mas desempenha um papel significativo na resistência à fadiga estática da cerâmica de vidro à base de dissilicato de lítio, indicando alta susceptibilidade ao crescimento lento e subcrítico de trincas.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e201574, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1116249

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the retention of Y-TZP crowns cemented in aged composite cores ground with burs of different grit sizes. Methods: Sixty composite resin simplified full-crown preparations were scanned, while 60 Y-TZP crowns with occlusal retentions were milled. The composite preparations were stored for 120 days (wet environment-37°C) and randomly distributed into three groups (n=20) according to the type of composite core surface treatment. The groups were defined as: CTRL (control: No treatment), EFB (extra-fine diamond bur [25µm]), and CB (coarse diamond bur [107µm]). The grinding was performed with an adapted surveyor standardizing the speed and pressure of the grinding. The intaglio surfaces on the crowns were air-abraded with silica-coated alumina particles (30 µm) and then a silane was applied. The crowns were cemented with self-adhesive resin cement, thermocycled (12,000 cycles; 5/55°C), stored (120 days) and submitted to a retention test (0.5mm/min). The retentive strength data (MPa) were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey test, as well as Weibull analysis. Failures were classified as 50C (above 50% of cement in the crown), 50S (above 50% of cement in the substrate) and COE (composite core cohesive failure). Results: No statistical difference was observed among the retention values (p=0.975). However, a higher Weibull modulus was observed in the CTRL group. The predominant type of failure was 50S (above 50% of cement in the substrate composite). Conclusion: The retention of zirconia crowns was not affected by grinding using diamond burs with different grit sizes (coarse/extra-fine) or when no grinding was performed


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Zirconium , Dental Bonding , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Composite Resins
6.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200001, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139423

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The resistance adhesive of a fiber post can be affected by several factors, such as the endodontic sealer and post-endodontic waiting time. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different endodontic sealers and two different post-endodontic waiting times on the bond strength of fiber posts. Material and method: Seventy-two bovine teeth were endodontically treated and filled using three endodontic sealers: eugenol-based, epoxy resin-based, or mineral trioxide aggregate-based. The specimens were stored at 37°C for 24 hours or for 30 months. After the respective storage times, the root canals were prepared for luting fiber posts using RelyX U200. Push-out tests and analysis of failures were performed. The push-out data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance to compare the effects of the endodontic sealer and with the t-test to compare the effects of post-endodontic waiting time. Result: The AH Plus sealer yielded the highest bond strength values at 30 months post-endodontics (11.26 Mpa) (p < 0.05), however no had difference with Endofill sealer at the same time. Endofill and MTA Fillapex sealers did not differ significantly in their effects, irrespective of the post-endodontic waiting time. Conclusion: In conclusion, the endodontic sealer used and post-endodontic waiting time affect the adhesive resistance of fiber posts. The adhesion increases significantly when the fiber post is cemented 30 months after the root canal filling, while the adhesion is reduced when cementing immediately after root canal treatment, in particular for eugenol-based endodontic sealers.


Introdução: A resistência de união de um pino de fibra pode ser afetada por vários fatores, como o cimento endodôntico e o tempo de espera pós-endodontia. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de diferentes cimentos endodônticos e dois tempos de espera pós-endodontia na resistência de união de pinos de fibra. Material e método: Setenta e dois dentes bovinos foram tratados endodonticamente e obturados usando três cimentos endodônticos: à base de eugenol, à base de resina epóxia ou à base de mineral trióxido agregado. Os espécimes foram armazenados a 37 ° C por 24 horas ou por 30 meses. Após, os canais radiculares foram preparados para cimentação dos pinos de fibra usando o RelyX U200. Foram realizados testes de push-out e análise de falhas. Os dados foram analisados por análise de variância bidirecional e com o teste t. Resultado: O cimento AH Plus obteve os maiores valores de resistência de união aos 30 meses pós-endodontia (11,26 Mpa) (p <0,05), no entanto, não houve diferença com o cimento Endofill no mesmo tempo. Os cimentos Endofill e MTA Fillapex não diferiram significativamente em seus efeitos, independentemente do tempo de espera pós-endodontia. Conclusão: O cimento endodôntico utilizado e o tempo de espera pós-endodontia afetam a resistência adesiva dos pinos de fibra. A adesão aumenta significativamente quando o pino de fibra é cimentado 30 meses após a obturação do canal radicular, enquanto a adesão é reduzida ao cimentar imediatamente após o tratamento do canal radicular, principalmente para cimentos endodônticos à base de eugenol.


Subject(s)
Cattle , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy , Eugenol , Dental Cements , Dental Pins , Epoxy Resins , Analysis of Variance
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e190918, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1087410

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated the effect of surface treatments of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramics on their bond strength to a resin cement. Methods: Seventy zirconia blocks (6 × 6 × 2 mm3, IPS e.max ZirCAD) were assigned into 7 groups (n=10) ­ as-sintered (AS), no treatment; tribochemical silica coating + silanization (TBS; Cojet-sand; ProSil); airabrasion with 45 µm alumina particles + universal primer (AAP; Monobond®Plus); fusion sputtering (FS); SiO2 nanofilm + silanization (SN; ProSil); FS+SN+ silanization (FSSN; ProSil); FS+SN+Universal Primer (FSSNP; Monobond®Plus). Afterwards, a resin cement (RelyX™ ARC) was applied inside cylinders (Ø = 0.96 mm × 1 mm height) placed on the zirconia surfaces. Microshear bond strength tests (µSBS) were carried out (1 mm/min). Failure and phase transformation analysis were performed. Bond strength data (MPa) were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis/Mann Whitney tests. Results: TBS (27 ± 1.2) and AAP (24.7 ± 0.8) showed higher bond strengths than the other groups, followed by FSSNP (15.5 ± 4.2) and FSSN (13.3 ± 3.6). FS (3.4 ± 0.44) and SN (9.5 ± 2.7) showed the lowest values (p < 0.001). Most of the specimens exhibited an adhesive failure. Conclusion: Air-abrasion by silica-coated alumina particles followed by silanization or by alumina particles followed by universal primer resulted in the highest resin bond strength to zirconia. Fusion sputtering and silica nanofilm deposition induced low strengths. However, when these methods are applied in combination and with a primer (FSSN and FSSNP), higher bond strengths may be achieved. Low bond strengths are obtained when no zirconia treatment is performed


Subject(s)
Yttrium , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Flexural Strength
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 483-491, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974179

ABSTRACT

Abstract It evaluated the effect of aging by Low Temperature Degradation (LTD), executed after post- processing surface treatments (polishing, heat treatment and glazing), on the surface characteristics (micromorphology and roughness) and on the structural stability (phase transformation and mechanical behavior-flexural strength and structural reliability) of a ground yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramic. Discs of Y-TZP (VITA In-Ceram YZ) were manufactured (ISO:6872-2015; 15 mm in diameter and 1.2 ± 0.2 mm in thickness) and randomly assigned into 10 groups according two factors: "aging" in 2 levels (with or without) and "surface treatment" in 5 levels (Ctrl: as-sintered; Gr: grinding with coarse diamond bur; Gr + HT: grinding plus heat treatment; Gr + Pol: grinding plus polishing; Gr + Gl: grinding plus glazing). Roughness (n=30), biaxial flexural test (n=30), phase transformation (n=2), and surface topography (n=2) analyses were performed. Aging led to an intense increase in monoclinic (m) phase content for all the tested conditions, being the as-sintered samples (Ctrl= 65.6%) more susceptible to the t-m phase transformation. Despite of increasing the m-phase content, aging was not detrimental for characteristic strength (except to the grinding condition). There was no significant reduction in the Weibull modulus after surface treatments. Additionally, heat treatment and glazing after grinding led to a decrease in characteristic strength, while polishing presented the highest characteristic strength values. Thus, polishing is mandatory after grinding the Y-TZP ceramic, while performing glazing or heat-treatment alone after grinding lead to the worst mechanical performance.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do envelhecimento através da degradação a baixas temperaturas (low temperaturare degradation - LTD) após a realização de tratamentos de superfície pós- sinterização (polimento, tratamento térmico e glaze) nas características superficiais (micromorfologia e rugosidade), e na estabilidade estrutural (transformação de fase e comportamento mecânico - resistência flexural e confiabilidade estrutural) de uma cerâmica de zircônia tetragonal policristalina estabilizada por ítria (Y-TZP) desgastada. Discos de cerâmica Y-TZP (VITA In-Ceram YZ) foram confeccionados (ISO:6872-2015; 15mm de diâmetro e 1,2 ± 0,2mm de espessura) e randomicamente divididos em 10 grupos de acordo com dois fatores: "envelhecimento" (com e sem) e "tratamento de superfície" (Ctrl - sem tratamento; Gr - desgaste com ponta diamantada grossa; Gr + HT - desgaste mais tratamento térmico; Gr + Pol - desgaste mais polimento; Gr + Gl - desgaste mais glazeamento). Foram realizadas as análises de rugosidade (n=30), flexão biaxial (n=30), transformação de fase (n=2) e topografia de superfície (n=2). O envelhecimento levou a um aumento intenso no conteúdo de fase monoclínica (m) em todas as condições testadas, sendo observada uma maior susceptibilidade de transformação de fase t-m nas amostras do grupo controle (Ctrl= 65.6%). Apesar de provocar elevada transformação de fase, o envelhecimento não apresentou efeitos negativos nos desfechos avaliados. Não houve redução significativa do módulo de Weibull após os tratamentos. Além disso, o tratamento térmico e o glaze após desgaste levaram a uma redução da resistência característica, enquanto que o grupo polimento apresentou o mais alto valor de resistência característica. O glaze e o tratamento térmico geraram o pior desempenho mecânico, portanto a realização do polimento após desgaste de uma cerâmica Y-TZP é obrigatória.


Subject(s)
Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Polishing/methods , Surface Properties , X-Ray Diffraction , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Flexural Strength , Hot Temperature
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 446-451, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974176

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of post-space irrigation with NaOCl and CaOCl at different concentrations on the bond strength of posts cemented with a self-adhesive resin cement. Eighty premolars were sectioned 14 mm from the apex, and endodontically treated. The root canal filling was partially removed. Specimens were randomly assigned into 8 groups (n=10), according to the irrigant for post-space irrigation: SS - 0.9% saline solution (control group); CHX - 2% chlorhexidine; 1% NaOCl - 1% sodium hypochlorite; 2.5% NaOCl - 2.5% sodium hypochlorite; 5% NaOCl - 5% sodium hypochlorite; 1% CaOCl - 1% calcium hypochlorite; 2.5% CaOCl - 2.5% calcium hypochlorite; and 5% CaOCl - 5% calcium hypochlorite. For each group, irrigation was performed continuously with 2 ml of solution. The post-spaces were dried with paper points (#80), and glass fiber posts were cemented using a self-adhesive resin cement. The specimens were sectioned perpendicularly and the push-out test was performed. Optical microscopy was used to analyze the failure mode. ANOVA and Bonferroni tests analyzed the bond strength data. NaOCl and CaOCl presented similar bond strength regardless the concentration used to irrigate the post-space (p>0.05). SS showed the highest bond strength (11.47 MPa) (p<0.05). Adhesive failures at the cement/dentin interface were predominant (58.33%). Saline solution should be irrigant of choice to irrigate the post-space before fiber post cementation with self-adhesive resin cement. NaOCl and CaOCl negatively affect the bond strength values.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da irrigação do espaço preparado para o pino com NaOCl e CaOCl em diferentes concentrações na resistência adesiva de pinos cimentados com um cimento resinoso autoadesivo. Oitenta pré-molares foram seccionados 14 mm do ápice e endodonticamente tratado. As obturações foram parcialmente removidas. Os espécimes divididos randomicamente em 8 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o irrigante usado para irrigação do espaço preparado para pino: SF - soro fisiológico 0,9% (grupo controle); CHX - clorexidina 2%; NaOCl 1% - hipoclorito de sódio 1%; NaOCl 2,5% - hipoclorito de sódio 2,5%; NaOCl 5% - hipoclorito de sódio 5%; CaOCl 1% - hipoclorito de cálcio 1%; CaOCl 2,5% - hipoclorito de cálcio 2,5%; CaOCl 5% - hipoclorito de cálcio 5%. Para cada grupo, irrigação foi realizada com 2 mL de solução. O espaço preparado para pino foi seco com cone de papel absorvente (#80) e os pinos de fibra foram cimentados com cimento resinoso autoadesivo. Os espécimes foram seccionados perpendicularmente e o teste de push-out foi realizado. Microscopia óptica foi usada para analisar o padrão de falha. Os testes de ANOVA e Bonferroni analisaram os dados de resistência adesiva. NaOCl e CaOCl apresentaram similar resistência adesiva, independentemente da concentração usada para irrigar o espaço preparado para pino (p>0,05). SF apresentou os maiores valores de resistência adesiva (11,47 MPa) (p<0,05). Falhas adesivas na interface cimento/dentina foram predominantes (58,33%). Soro fisiológico deve ser o irrigante de escolha para irrigar o espaço preparado para pino antes da cimentação de pinos de fibra com cimentos resinosos autoadesivos. NaOCl e CaOCl afetam negativamente os valores de resistência adesiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Sodium Chloride/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 492-499, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974174

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of different hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentrations on the bond strength between a lithium disilicate-based glass ceramic and a resin cement. Eighty ceramic-blocks (12×7×2 mm) of IPS e.Max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent) were produced and randomly assigned to 8 groups, considering 2 study factors: HF concentration in 4 levels, i.e., 1% (HF1), 3% (HF3), 5% (HF5), and 10% (HF10), and storage in 2 levels, i.e., baseline (tests were performed 24 h after cementation), and aged (storage for 150 days + 12,000 thermal-cycles at 5°C and 55°C). Acid etching (20 s) was performed, followed by washing, drying, and silanization. Four resin cement cylinders (ϕ= 0.96 mm) were built-up from starch matrices on each ceramic sample (n= 40). Additional ceramic samples were etched and analyzed for contact angle, micro-morphology, and roughness. In baseline condition (without aging), the HF3, HF5, and HF10 groups showed similar bond strength values (13.9 - 15.9 MPa), and HF1 (11.2 MPa) presented lower values than HF5, being that statistically different (p= 0.012). After aging, all the mean bond strengths statistically decreased, being that HF3, HF5, and HF10 (7.8 - 11 MPa) were similar and higher than HF1 (1.8 MPa) (p= 0.0001). For contact angle, HF3, HF5, and HF10 presented similar values (7.8 - 10.4°), lower than HF1 and CTRL groups. HF5 and HF10 presented rougher surfaces than other conditions. For better bond strength results, the tested ceramic may be etched by HF acid in concentrations of 3%, 5%, and 10%.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito de diferentes concentrações de ácido fluorídrico (HF) na resistência de união entre uma cerâmica vítrea à base de dissilicato de lítio e um cimento resinoso. Oitenta blocos cerâmicos (12×7×2 mm) de IPS e.Max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent) foram produzidos e distribuídos aleatoriamente em 8 grupos, considerando 2 fatores de estudo: concentração de HF em 4 níveis, isto é, 1% (HF1), 3% (HF3), 5% (HF5), e 10% (HF10), e armazenamento em 2 níveis, isto é, condição inicial (testes foram realizados 24 h após a cimentação), e envelhecidos (150 dias de armazenamento + 12.000 ciclos térmicos a 5°C e 55°C). Condicionamento ácido (20 s) foi realizado, seguido por lavagem, secagem e silanização. Quatro cilindros de cimento resinoso (ϕ= 0.96 mm) foram construídos a partir de matrizes de amido em cada amostra cerâmica (n= 40). Amostras cerâmicas adicionais foram condicionadas e analisadas quanto ao ângulo de contato, micro-morfologia e rugosidade. Na condição inicial (sem envelhecimento), os grupos HF3, HF5, e HF10 mostraram valores de resistência de união similares (13.9 - 15.9 MPa), e HF1 apresentou valores menores que HF5, sendo estatisticamente diferente (p= 0.012). Após o envelhecimento, todas as médias de resistência de união diminuíram estatisticamente, sendo que HF3, HF5 e HF10 foram similares e maiores que HF1 (p= 0.0001). Para o ângulo de contato, HF3, HF5 e HF10 apresentaram valores similares (7.8 - 10.4°), menores que os grupos HF1 e CTRL. HF5 e HF10 apresentaram superfícies mais rugosas que as outras condições. Para melhores resultados de resistência de união, a cerâmica testada pode ser condicionada com ácido fluorídrico nas concentrações de 3%, 5% e 10%.


Subject(s)
Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Ceramics/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Hydrofluoric Acid/chemistry , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Shear Strength
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(1): 60-67, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888724

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effect of grinding and multi-stimuli aging on the fatigue strength, surface topography and the phase transformation of Y-TZP ceramic. Discs were manufactured according to ISO-6872:2008 for biaxial flexure testing (diameter: 15 mm; thickness: 1.2 mm) and randomly assigned considering two factors "grinding" and "aging": C- control (as-sintered); CA- control + aging; G- ground; GA- ground + aging. Grinding was carried out with coarse diamond burs under water-cooling. Aging protocols consisted of: autoclave (134°C, 2 bars pressure, 20 hours), followed by storage for 365 days (samples were kept untouched at room temperature), and by mechanical cycling (106 cycles by 20 Hz under a load of 50% from the biaxial flexure monotonic tests). Flexural fatigue strengths (20,000 cycles; 6 Hz) were determined under sinusoidal cyclic loading using staircase approach. Additionally, surface topography analysis by FE-SEM and phase transformation analysis by X-ray Diffractometry were performed. Dixon and Mood methodology was used to analyze the fatigue strength data. Grinding promotes alterations of topographical pattern, while aging apparently did not alter it. Grinding triggered t-m phase transformation without impacting the fatigue strength of the Y-TZP ceramic; and aging promoted an intense t-m transformation that resulted in a toughening mechanism leading to higher fatigue strength for as-sintered condition, and a tendency of increase for ground condition (C < CA; G = GA). It concludes that grinding and aging procedures did not affect deleteriously the fatigue strength of the evaluated Y-TZP ceramic, although, it promotes surface topography alterations, except to aging, and t-m phase transformation.


Resumo Este estudo objetivou investigar o efeito do desgaste e envelhecimento (estímulos combinados) na resistência à fadiga, topografia superficial e transformação de fase de uma cerâmica Y-TZP. Discos para teste de flexão biaxial foram confeccionados segundo as normas da ISO-6872:2008 (15 mm Ø; 1,2 mm espessura) e randomicamente distribuídos de acordo com os fatores "desgaste" e "envelhecimento": C- controle (sinterizado); CA- controle envelhecido; G- desgaste; GA- desgaste envelhecido. O desgaste foi feito com pontas diamantadas de granulação grossa sob irrigação com água. Os protocolos de envelhecimento consistiram em: autoclave (134°C, 2 bar de pressão, 20 horas), 365 dias armazenados em temperatura ambiente, e ciclagem mecânica (106 ciclos a 20 Hz em um intervalo de carga de até 50% da carga monotônica observada em testes estáticos). A resistência à fadiga foi determinada para 20.000 ciclos à 6 Hz sob carregamento sinusoidal através do método de escada. Adicionalmente, análises de topografia superficial em microscopia eletrônica de varredura e de transformação de fase por difração de raios-X foram executadas. A metodologia de Dixon e Mood foi usada para analisar os dados de resistência à fadiga. Foi observado que o desgaste promove uma alteração de padrão topográfico superficial; enquanto o envelhecimento aparentemente não demonstra influência. Em relação à transformação de fase e resistência à fadiga, o desgaste desencadeou um aumento de fase m sem impactar na resistência à fadiga da cerâmica Y-TZP; já o envelhecimento promoveu uma intensa transformação de fase, resultando no mecanismo de tenacificação, que gerou um aumento na resistência à fadiga para a condição sinterizada e uma tendência a aumento na condição desgaste (C < CA; G = GA). Os dados elucidam que o desgaste e o envelhecimento não impactaram negativamente na resistência à fadiga da cerâmica Y-TZP, apesar de promoverem alterações de topografia superficial e intensa transformação de fase de t-m respectivamente.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Dental Materials , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Surface Properties , X-Ray Diffraction , Yttrium , Zirconium
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e32, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889472

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate slow crack growth (SCG) behavior of a zirconia ceramic after grinding and simulated aging with low-temperature degradation (LTD). Complementary analysis of hardness, surface topography, crystalline phase transformation, and roughness were also measured. Disc-shaped specimens (15 mm Ø × 1.2 mm thick, n = 42) of a full-contour Y-TZP ceramic (Zirlux FC, Amherst) were manufactured according to ISO:6872-2008, and then divided into: Ctrl - as-sintered condition; Ctrl LTD - as-sintered after aging in autoclave (134°C, 2 bar, 20 h); G - ground with coarse diamond bur (grit size 181 μm); G LTD - ground and aged. The SCG parameters were measured by a dynamic biaxial flexural test, which determines the tensile stress versus stress rate under four different rates: 100, 10, 1 and 0.1 MPa/s. LTD led to m-phase content increase, as well as grinding (m-phase content: Ctrl - 0%; G - 12.3%; G LTD - 59.9%; Ctrl LTD - 81%). Surface topography and roughness analyses showed that grinding created an irregular surface (increased roughness) and aging did not promote any relevant surface change. There was no statistical difference on surface hardness among different conditions. The control group presented the lowest strength values in all tested rates. Regarding SCG, ground conditions were less susceptible to SCG, delaying its occurrence. Aging (LTD) caused an increase in SCG susceptibility for the as-sintered condition (i.e. G < G LTD < Ctrl < Ctrl LTD).


Subject(s)
Cold Temperature , Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Stress Analysis , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Pliability , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , X-Ray Diffraction
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e28, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889483

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The effects of several ceramic surface treatments on bond strength of a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network and resin composite as repair material were evaluated. CAD-CAM blocks of a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (Vita Enamic) were sliced and subjected to aging process, followed by embedding in acrylic resin. The bonding/repair area was treated as follows (n = 30): C- without treatment; UA- universal adhesive application; FM- 10% hydrofluoric acid and silane application; OM-airborne-particle abrasion with aluminum oxide and silane application; RP- tribochemical silica coating; and CA- surface grinding and application of universal adhesive. Composite resin cylinders were made on the treated surface. Specimens from each group were assigned randomly to two subgroups (n = 15) considering storage condition: Baseline (shear tests after 48 hours) or Storage (tests after 6 months under distilled water). The treated surfaces were analyzed by goniometry, roughness, and SEM. Two-way ANOVA and 1-way ANOVA were applied to analyze the bond data and roughness / contact angle data, respectively, followed by Tukey's test (α = 5%). Surface treatments and storage conditions affected bond strengths (p < 0.01). Surface grinding (CA) followed by universal adhesive promoted the highest value of bond strength (14.5 ± 4.8 MPa for baseline, 8.5 ± 3.4 MPa for storage) and the roughest ceramic surface. Grinding with silicon carbide paper (simulating diamond bur) followed by the application of a universal adhesive system is the best option for repairing fractures of the polymer-infiltrated ceramic network.


Subject(s)
Ceramics/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Polymers/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Shear Strength/drug effects , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors
14.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 22(1): 7-14, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-882669

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da concentração e do tempo de condicionamento com ácido fluorídrico na rugosidade e morfologia superficial de uma zircônia glazeada. Materiais e Métodos: Blocos de cerâmica à base de zircônia (5×5×3 mm) (Vita YZ-2000-Cubes, Vita- Zahnfabrik, Alemanha) foram confeccionados e divididos em 6 grupos, de acordo com os fatores "concentração do ácido fluorídrico (HF)" (5% e 10%) e "tempo de condicionamento" (20 s, 60 s e 90 s) (n=2): HF10/20 = HF 10% + 20 s; HF10/60 = HF 10% + 60 s; HF10/90 = HF 10% + 90 s; HF5/20 = HF 5% + 20 s; HF5/60 = HF 5% + 60 s; HF5/ 90 = HF 5% + 90 s. O glaze (Vita Akzent, Vita-Zahnfabrik, Alemanha) foi aplicado com o auxílio de um pincel e sinterizado de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante. Após os diferentes protocolos de condicionamento, foram aferidas cinco medições de rugosidade (Ra) para cada espécime em Perfilômetro Digital (Wyko®, Modelo NT- 1100, Veeco, EUA). Os dados (µm) obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente com análise de variância (ANOVA 2-fatores) e Teste de Tukey (95%). Resultados: O fator "concentração do ácido fluorídrico" (p=0,149) não foi significante estatísticamente. No entanto, o fator "tempo de condicionamento" (p=0,009) foi significante. A interação entre os fatores também apresentou significância estatística (p=0,00). As médias de rugosidade (±desvio-padrão) obtidas foram (µm): GHF10/20=1,94(±0,72)A, GHF5/90=1,92(±0,19)A, GHF5/ 20=1,38(±0.48)AB, GHF5/60=1,18(±0,63)B, GHF10/60=1,17(±0,30)B, GHF10/90=0,82(±0,27)B (Tukey). Conclusão: Conclui-se que o ácido fluorídrico (10%) em maior concentração, associado a um menor tempo de condicionamento (20 s), promoveu maior rugosidade superficial da zircônia glazeada. (AU)


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different etching protocols on the surface roughness of a glazed zirconia. Material and Methods: Zirconia ceramic-blocks (5 × 5 × 3 mm) (Vita YZ-2000-Cubes, Vita-Zahnfabrik, Germany) were prepared and divided into 6 groups according to the variables "concentration of hydrofluoric acid (HF)" (5 % and 10 %) and " etching time " (20 s, 60 s and 90 s) (n = 2), as follows: HF10/20 = HF 10% + 20 s; HF10/60 = HF 10% + 60 s; HF10/90 = HF 10% + 90 s; HF5/20 = HF 5% + 20 s; HF5/60 = HF 5% + 60 s; HF5/90 = HF 5% + 90 s. The glaze (Vita Akzent, Vita- Zahnfabrik, Germany) was applied with a brush and sintered according to the manufacturer's recommendations. After different etching protocols, five roughness (Ra) measurements were taken for each specimen in a digital profilometer (Wyko ®, Model NT-1100, Veeco, USA). The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA 2­way) and Tukey's test (95%). Results: The variable "concentration of hydrofluoric acid" (p=0.149) was not statistically significant, while the variable "etching time" (p=0.009) was significant. The interaction between variables was statistically significant (p = 0.00). The roughness averages (± standard deviation) obtained were (µm): GHF10/20=1.94(±0.72)A, GHF5/90=1.92(±0.19)A, GHF5/ 20=1.38(±0.48)AB, GHF5/60=1.18(±0.63)B, GHF10/60=1.17(±0.30)B, GHF10/90=0.82(±0.27)B (Tukey). Conclusion: It can be concluded that hydrofluoric acid (10%) at a higher concentration associated with a lower etching time (20 s) promoted higher superficial roughness on glazed zirconia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Zirconium , Vitrification
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(3): 296-301, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-911397

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the internal and marginal adaptation of inlays fabricated from different types of impressions (conventional and digital) and different ceramics (feldspathic and lithium disilicate). Material and Methods: Forty premolars were prepared for all-ceramic inlay restoration and assigned to 4 groups (n=10), according to the impression method (conventional with addition silicone and digital impression) and ceramic type (lithium disilicate and feldspathic ceramic blocks). For each type of impression, 10 inlays were milled from lithium disilicate blocks and the other 10 from feldspathic ceramic blocks in a CAD-CAM facility. The internal adaptation was analyzed by the replica technique. The marginal fit was analyzed under a stereo microscope by directly measuring the gap formed between the inlay and the tooth in the proximal and occlusal regions. Results: The marginal or internal adaptations were not affected by type of impression (conventional = digital impression), irrespective of the ceramic type. Only the internal adaptation was affected by the material type, i.e., feldspathic ceramic had lower values than lithium dissilicate ceramic, when considering the digital impression. Conclusion: The conventional and digital impressions promoted similar marginal and internal adaptation for feldspathic and disilicate ceramic inlays. For the digital impression the feldspathic inlays showed better internal adaptation than lithium dissilicate inlays. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adaptação interna e marginal de inlays confeccionadas a partir de diferentes tipos de moldagens (convencional e digital) e diferentes materiais cerâmicos (feldspática e dissilicato de lítio). Materiais e Métodos: Quarenta pré-molares foram preparados para inlay totalmente cerâmica e distribuídos em 4 grupos (n = 10) segundo o método de moldagem (convencional com silicone de adição e moldagem digital) e tipo cerâmica (dissilicato de lítio e blocos de cerâmica feldspática). Para cada tipo de moldagem, 10 inlays foram confeccionadas a partir de pastilhas de dissilicato de lítio e as outras 10 de blocos de cerâmica feldspática, por meio do sistema CAD-CAM. A adaptação interna foi analisada pela técnica da réplica. O ajuste marginal foi analisado com estéreo microscópio medindo diretamente o espaço entre a inlay e o dente nas regiões proximal e oclusal. Resultados: As adaptações marginais e internas não foram afetadas pelo tipo de moldagem (convencional = impressão digital), independentemente do tipo de cerâmica. Somente a adaptação interna foi afetada pelo material, sendo que a cerâmica feldspática apresentou menores valores que a cerâmica de dissilicato, considerando a moldagem digital. Conclusão: As moldagens convencional e digital promoveram adaptação marginal e interna semelhante de inlays de cerâmica feldspática e dissilicato testadas. Para moldagem digital, a cerâmica feldspática mostrou melhor adaptação interna do que a dissilicato de lítio (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Impression Technique , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Inlays , Metal Ceramic Alloys
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e53, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952144

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the fatigue strength of different ceramic materials indicated for monolithic restorations. Disc-shaped specimens were made according to ISO 6872 from five different ceramic materials: feldspathic ceramic (FC), polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PIC), lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LD), zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass-ceramic (ZLS), and high translucent tetragonal zirconia polycrystals doped by yttrium (YZ-HT). After obtaining the mean of each material (n = 5) from monotonic load-to-failure tests, specimens (n = 20) were subjected to fatigue tests (staircase method) using a biaxial flexural setup (piston-on-three-balls), to determine the fatigue strength. The parameters used for fatigue tests were: 100,000 cycles at 10 Hz, initial load of ~ 60% of mean load-to-failure, and step size of 5% of the initial load (specific for each ceramic material). Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni's test (α = 0.05) were used to analyze the fatigue strength data. Fatigue strength (MPa) of the materials was statistically different among each other as follows: YZ-HT (370.2 ± 38.7) > LD (175.2 ± 7.5) > ZLS (152.1 ± 7.5) > PIC (81.8 ± 3.9) > FC (50.8 ± 1.9). Thus, it can be concluded that, in terms of fatigue, high translucent polycrystalline zirconia is the best choice for monolithic restorations as it bears the highest load before cracking/fracturing.


Subject(s)
Stress, Mechanical , Ceramics/chemistry , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Zirconium/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Pliability , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Dental Stress Analysis
17.
RFO UPF ; 22(1): 101-113, 28/08/2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-848732

ABSTRACT

To critically assess in vitro methods used to evaluate the mechanical behavior of endodontically treated teeth restored with intra-radicular posts and cores. Literature review: a literature search of in vitro studies was conducted in PubMed database using the search terms: ("endodontic*" OR "intracanal post") AND ("fracture" OR "resistance" OR "load" OR "strength"). A filter for publication date was set to return studies from the last five years (from October 2010 to October 2015). The research strategy resulted in 1,556 studies. After the analysis of the eligibility criteria, 92 articles were included in a descriptive analysis. Human upper central incisors were used most frequently. The natural mobility of teeth was simulated using an artificial periodontal ligament in 66.7% of the studies. In 32.2% of the studies, the load to fracture was applied directly to the core. Thermocycling was performed in 27.2% of the studies. Cyclic loading was used in 38% of the studies. Final considerations: periodontal ligament simulation, thermocycling and cyclic loads are some methods that have been employed to approximate laboratory studies to the clinical conditions that teeth restored intra-radicular posts and cores are submitted. Novel test methodologies, such as step-test and staircase approach, have been used to evaluate the fatigue behavior of this systems. However, it is important do highlight that, considering the context in which most of the included studies were performed, the extrapolation of the results to the clinical practice should be made carefully

18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 20(2): 85-92, 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-846427

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of different irrigation solutions prior to post cementation on the resin bonding to bovine root dentine. Material and Methods: 60 bovine roots (16 mm) were prepared to 12 mm with specific drill of a double-tapered fiber post system, included in PMMA, and divided into 6 groups, considering the irrigation solutions (IS) prior to cementation: Gr1- saline solution (control), Gr2- NaOCl 0.5 %, Gr3- NaOCl 1 %, Gr4- NaOCl 2.5 %, Gr5- NaOCl 5 %, Gr6- Chlorexidine 2 % (solution). The root canals were irrigated with IS 20 ml during 10 min. Then they were rinsed with 20 ml of distilled water and dried with paper points. One fiber post was molded with polyvinylsiloxane and 60 posts made of resin cement (PRC) were obtained moments before the cementation. The root canal dentin was etched with H2PO3 37 %/15 s + washing/drying, a multi-bottle etch&rinse adhesive system was applied and the PRC were resin luted with dual resin cement (DuolinkTM, Bisco). Each specimen was cut into 4 slices of ±1.8mm in thickness and submitted to push-out test (1 mm/min). Results: ANOVA showed that bond strength was significantly affected by IS (P < 0.0001). The highest bond strengths (MPa) were those for the groups 4 (3.51 ± 1.52) and 5 (3.0 ± 1.16). The groups 1 (0.70 ± 0.30), 2 (0.80 ± 0.24), 3 (1.26 ± 0.57) and 6 (0.90 ± 0.41) were statistically similar to each other. Conclusion: The resin bonding to the root dentine was higher when higher concentrations of hypochlorite solutions were used. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de diferentes soluções de irrigação antes da cimentação do pino na resistência de união da resina à dentina radicular bovina. Material e Métodos: Foram preparadas 60 raízes bovinas (16 mm) a 12 mm com broca específica de um sistema de pino de fibra com dupla conicidade, incluídas no PMMA, e divididas em 6 grupos, considerando as soluções irrigadoras (IS) antes da cimentação: Gr1-Solução salina (controle), Gr2-NaOCl 0,5 %, Gr3-NaOCl 1 %, Gr4-NaOCl 2,5 %, Gr5-NaOCl 5 %, Gr6-Clorexidina 2 % (solução). Os canais radiculares foram irrigados com 20 ml de IS durante 10 min. Depois, foram lavados com 20 ml de água destilada e secos com pontas de papel. Um pino de fibra foi moldado com polivinilsiloxano e 60 pinos de cimento resinoso (PRC) foram obtidos momentos antes da cimentação. A dentina radicular foi condicionada com H2PO3 37 %/15 s + lavagem/ secagem, aplicou-se o sistema de adesivo e o PRC foi cimentado com cimento resinoso dual (DuolinkTM, Bisco). Cada amostra foi cortada em 4 fatias de ± 1,8 mm de espessura e submetida a teste push-out (1 mm/ min). Resultados: ANOVA mostrou que a força de união foi significativamente afetada pelo IS (P< 0,0001). As maiores resistências de união (MPa) foram para os grupos 4 (3,51 ± 1,52) e 5 (3,0 ± 1,16). Os grupos 1 (0,70 ± 0,30), 2 (0,80 ± 0,24), 3 (1,26 ± 0,57) e 6 (0,90 ± 0,41) foram estatisticamente semelhantes entre si. Conclusão: A resistência de união da resina à dentina radicular foi maior quando foram utilizadas concentrações maiores de soluções de hipoclorito. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dentin , Resin Cements
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e82, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952081

ABSTRACT

Abstract Monolithic restorations of Y-TZP have been recommended as a restorative alternative on prosthetic dentistry as it allows a substantial reduction of ceramic thickness, which means a greater preservation of tooth structure. However, the influence of grinding and aging when using a thinner layer of the material is unclear. This investigation aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of ceramic thickness (0.5 mm and 1.0 mm), grinding and aging (low-temperature degradation) on the mechanical behavior and surface characteristics of a full-contour Y-TZP ceramic. Y-TZP disc-shaped specimens (15 mm diameter) were manufactured with both thicknesses and randomly assigned into 4 groups considering the factors 'grinding with diamond bur' and 'aging in autoclave'. Surface topography (roughness, 3D profilometry and SEM), phase transformation, flexural strength and structural reliability (Weibull) analyses were executed. Grinding affected the surface topography, while aging did not promote any effect. An increase in m-phase content was observed after grinding and aging, although different susceptibilities were observed. Regardless of zirconia's thickness, no deleterious effect of grinding or aging on the mechanical properties was observed. Thus, in our testing assembly, reducing the thickness of the Y-TZP ceramic did not alter its response to grinding and low temperature degradation and did not impair its mechanical performance.


Subject(s)
Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Ceramics/chemistry , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , X-Ray Diffraction , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cold Temperature , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pliability
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e64, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952106

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this systematic review was to compare the clinical performance and failure modes of teeth restored with intra-radicular retainers. A search was performed on PubMed/Medline, Central and ClinicalTrials databases for randomized clinical trials comparing clinical behavior and failures of at least two types of retainers. From 341 detected papers, 16 were selected for full-text analysis, of which 9 met the eligibility criteria. A manual search added 2 more studies, totalizing 11 studies that were included in this review. Evaluated retainers were fiber (prefabricated and customized) and metal (prefabricated and cast) posts, and follow-up ranged from 6 months to 10 years. Most studies showed good clinical behavior for evaluated intra-radicular retainers. Reported survival rates varied from 71 to 100% for fiber posts and 50 to 97.1% for metal posts. Studies found no difference in the survival among different metal posts and most studies found no difference between fiber and metal posts. Two studies also showed that remaining dentine height, number of walls and ferrule increased the longevity of the restored teeth. Failures of fiber posts were mainly due to post loss of retention, while metal post failures were mostly related to root fracture, post fracture and crown and/or post loss of retention. In conclusion, metal and fiber posts present similar clinical behavior at short to medium term follow-up. Remaining dental structure and ferrule increase the survival of restored pulpless teeth. Studies with longer follow-up are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Titanium , Bias , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Glass/chemistry , Gold/chemistry
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