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1.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 332-338, 20210000. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349501

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Postmenopausal women are more susceptible to chronic conditions, such as osteoporosis, arthritis, and other inflammatory diseases. We investigated the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on biomarker levels in ovariectomized rats subjected to an inflammatory model. Methods: Twenty adult female Wistar rats underwent ovariectomy and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation. We divided them into 2 groups: OAS (sham tDCS) and OAT (active tDCS). Fifteen days later, the rats underwent bimodal tDCS treatment (20 min, 0.5 mA, 8 days). After 24 h of the last tDCS session, we killed the rats and collected tissue samples (hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, and brainstem) for biomarker analysis by ELISA. We removed the paws for histological analysis. Results: Active tDCS increased hypothalamic and cortical TNF-α and NGF levels, hypothalamic and brainstem IL-1ß levels, and hypothalamic IL-10 levels. Histology of paws showed an inflammatory profile. We observed a small tDCS effect, not statistically significant. Discussion: Bimodal tDCS had an effect on the central inflammatory axis, with a small effect on the peripheral site as evaluated by histology in the current study. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Ovariectomy/adverse effects , Biomarkers , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Inflammation
2.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 33(1): 50-55, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130733

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate aortic wall thickness after periodontal disease and/or obesity induction in a Wistar rat model. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (CT), periodontal disease (PD), obesity (OB), and obesity plus periodontal disease (OB+PD). Groups OB and OB+PD received cafeteria diet for 17 weeks. After they had acquired obesity (week 12), periodontal disease was induced by placing a silk ligature on the maxillary right second molar of groups PD and OB+PD. During the experimental period, body weight and Lee index were assessed. Mean alveolar bone loss (ABL) was evaluated, and aortas were prepared for histometric analysis of the aortic wall by ImageJ software. Body weight and Lee index increased in rats exposed to cafeteria diet. Mean ABL was higher in Groups PD and OB+PD than in control and OB (p<0.05). ABL was 18% higher in Group OB+PD than in Group PD, with statistically significant difference (p<0.001). Aortas were thicker in Groups OB and OB+PD than in control and PD groups, respectively (2.31mm ± 0.28 and 2.33 ± 0.29 vs. 2.18 ± 0.26 and 2.14 ± 0.27). Group OB differed significantly from the control group (p=0.036), and OB+PD and OB differed significantly from PD (p=0.004 and p= 0.001, respectively). Obesity alters aortic wall thickness in Wistar rats. However, the presence of periodontal disease did not affect the aortic wall thickness under the conditions of the present study.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a espessura da parede da aorta após modelos de indução de doença periodontal e/ou obesidade em ratos Wistar. Sessenta ratos Wistar machos foram aleatoria mente divididos em quatro grupos: controle (CT), doença periodontal (DP), obesidade (OB), obesidade mais doença periodontal (OB+DP). Os grupos OB e OB+DP rece beram dieta de cafeteria por 17 semanas. Após de adquirirem obesidade, (semana 12), doença periodontal foi induzido pela colocação de ligaduras de seda no segundo molar superior direito dos grupos DP e OB+DP. Durante o período experi mental, o peso corporal e índice de Lee foram obtidos. Média de perda óssea alveolar (POA) foi avaliada e as aortas preparadas para análise histométrica da parede aórtica (em mm) pelo software ImageJ. Ratos expostos a dieta de cafeteria demonstraram um aumento do peso corporal e do índice de Lee. Uma POA media maior foi observada nos grupos DP e OB+DP comparado aos grupos controle e OB (p<0.05). O grupo OB+DP, quando comparado ao grupo DP, apresentou POA 18% maior e essa diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (p<0.001). Os grupos OB e OB+DP exibiram uma espessura de aorta maior comparado aos grupos DP e controle, respectivamente (2.31 ± 0.28 e 2.33 ± 0.29 vs. 2.18 ± 0.26 e 2.14 ± 0.27). Diferenças significativas foram observadas nas comparações dos grupos OB e controle (p=0,036), e OB+DP e OB comparado ao grupo DP (p=0.004 e p= 0.001, respectivamente). A obesidade parece afetar a espessura da parede da aorta em ratos Wistar. Entretanto, a presença de doença periodontal não afetou a espessura da parede da aorta sob as condições do presente estudo.

3.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192109

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma cuniculatum (CC) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Only 27 cases have been published in English. A 50-year-old male, who presented a white nodule with erythematous areas, localized in the lateral border of the tongue with 2 months of duration. The patient presents oral lichen planus lesions on the tongue, commissure, and buccal mucosa. The microscopy evaluation of the nodular lesion of the tongue revealed a malignant epithelial neoplasia characterized by cuniculatum architecture, similar in appearance to “rabbit burrows” and the final diagnosis was of CC. The management of CC needs cooperation between surgeons and pathologists to establish a correct diagnosis and treatment. CC is a rare entity and must be recognized by oral pathologist so that it is not misdiagnosed as verrucous carcinoma or oral SCC (OSCC). Regarding prognosis, CC must be evaluated and distinguished from other variants of OSCC.

4.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 309-315, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951550

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate salivary levels of TGFβ1 and proliferation/ maturation of epithelial mucosa cells in diabetic and hypertensive patients. Design: in this cross-sectional study, whole stimulated saliva and oral mucosa exfoliative cytology specimens were collected from 39 patients that were healthy (control, n=10) or presented history of arterial hypertension (HAS, n=9), diabetes mellitus (DM, n=10) or both (DM+HAS, n=10). Salivary flow rate (SFR), TGFβ1 level in saliva, AgNORs and the epithelial maturation were evaluated. Non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Dunn's multiple comparison post-test and the Spearman test correlation analysis were used. SFR showed a significant decreased in DM and DM+HAS (0.47±0.11 and 0.64±0.43 mL/min) when compared to control (1.4±0.38 mL/min). DM+HAS presented the highest value of TGFβ1 concentration (24.72±5.89 pg/mL). It was observed a positive correlation between TGFβ1 and glycaemia (R=0.6371; p<0.001) and a negative correlation between TGFβ1 and saliva (R=-0.6162; p<0.001) and glycaemia and SFR (R=-0.5654; P=0.001). AgNORs number and status of maturation of mucosa cells were similar for all conditions. DM and DM+HAS presented the lowest SFR, which correlated with increased TGFβ1 levels. Despite the higher TGFβ1 secretion it was not observed changes in the morphology or proliferation of epithelial cells when diabetes or hypertension was present.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os níveis de TGFβ1 na saliva e a proliferação/maturação das células epiteliais da mucosa em paciente diabéticos e hipertensos. Neste estudo transversal, saliva estimulada e amostras de citologia exfoliativa de mucosa oral foram coletadas de um total de 39 pacientes que se apresentavam saudáveis (controle, n=10) ou com história de hipertensão arterial (HAS, n=9), diabetes mellitus (DM, n=10) ou ambos (DM+HAS, n=10). Taxa de fluxo salivar (SFR), níveis de TGFβ1 na saliva, AgNORs e maturação epitelial foram avaliados. Teste não-paramétrico de Kruskal-Wallis, seguido de comparação múltipla de Dunn e correlação de Spearman foram utilizados para as análises. SFR diminuiu significantemente em DM e DM+HAS (0,47±0,11 e 0,64±0,43 mL/min) quando comparado ao controle (1,4±0,38 mL/min). DM+HAS apresentou os maiores valores de concentração de TGFβ1 (24,72±5,89 pg/mL). Foi observada uma correlação positiva entre TGFβ1 e glicemia (R=0,6371; p<0,001) e uma correlação negativa entre TGFβ1 e saliva (R=-0,6162; p<0,001) e glicemia e SFR (R=-0,5654; p=0,001). Número de AgNORs e o padrão da maturação das células epiteliais foram similares entre os todos grupos. DM e DM+HAS apresentaram os menores valores de SFR, os quais foram correlacionados com o aumento nos níveis de TGFβ1. Apesar da maior secreção de TGFβ1, não foram observadas mudanças na morfologia ou proliferação das células epiteliais quando o paciente apresentava diabetes ou hipertensão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saliva/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Hypertension/metabolism , Mouth Mucosa/metabolism , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Salivation , Secretory Rate , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Antigens, Nuclear , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Hypertension/pathology
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(5): 543-547, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888684

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin and Bmi-1, and their association with clinical parameters and with the degree of histopathological differentiation in oral squamous cell carcinomas. 65 squamous cell carcinoma samples were used for constructing a tissue microarray block, and then immunohistochemistry was performed for different markers. A semi-quantitative analysis of the amount of positive tumor cells was performed by two blind and calibrated observers (Kappa>0.75). The statistical Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to evaluate the data. The correlation between variables was investigated by the Spearman test, and the significance level set at p<0.05. We observed higher expression of Bmi-1 in tumors located in the palate (p<0.0001). In addition, poorly differentiated tumors had a greater amount of Bmi-1 positive cells (p=0.0011). Regarding the other correlations between variables, no significant associations were detected. In conclusion, poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas located in the palate have higher immunostaining of Bmi-1, which can characterize activation of the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition process in these tumors.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre a expressão imunoistoquímica de E-caderina, N-caderina e Bmi-1, com os parâmetros clínicos e o grau de diferenciação em carcinomas espinocelulares bucais. Sessenta e cinco amostras foram selecionadas para a construção de um bloco de microarranjo tecidual, e a técnica de imunoistoquímica foi realizada para os diferentes marcadores. Uma análise semi-quantitativa das células tumorais positivas foi realizada por dois observadores calibrados e cegos (Kappa>0.75). Os testes estatísticos Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis foram utilizados para a análise dos dados e a correlação entre as variáveis foi investigada com o teste de Spearman. O nível de significância foi determinado em p <0.05. Observamos maior expressão de Bmi-1 em tumores localizados em palato (p <0.0001). Além disso, tumores pobremente diferenciados apresentaram maior quantidade de células positivas para Bmi-1 (p=0.0011). Não encontramos outras correlações ou associações significativas. Em conclusão, carcinomas espinocelulares pobremente diferenciados e localizados no palato apresentam maior marcação imunoistoquímica de Bmi-1, o que pode caracterizar a ativação do processo de transição epitélio-mesênquima nesses tumores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Cadherins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1/metabolism , Tissue Array Analysis
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(3): 318-323, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-893624

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the number of AgNORs per nucleus and the expression of Ki-67 at the tumor invasion front (TIF) in relation to clinical parameters (TNM), TIF classification and the prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinomas in an Uruguayan population. Material and Methods This study was conducted through a retrospective survey from 2000 to 2010 at the National Institute of Cancer Montevideo, Uruguay and included 40 patients. The samples were obtained from the resection of the tumor and the TIF was defined according with Bryne, et al.5 (1992). Expression of Ki-67 was assessed by the percentage of positive tumor cells and the AgNOR was recorded as the mean AgNOR (mAgNOR) and the percentage of AgNOR per nucleus (pAgNOR). All analyzes were performed by a blinded and calibrated observer. Results No statistically significant association was observed between immunostaining of Ki-67 and AgNOR with the different types of TIF, regional metastasis and patients prognosis, however it was observed an increase in Ki-67 expression associated with worse patient's clinical staging, although not statistically significant. Conclusions Our results suggest that proliferation markers as AgNOR and Ki-67 are not prognostic markers at the tumor invasive front of carcinoma of oral squamous cell.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Antigens, Nuclear/analysis , Prognosis , Reference Values , Uruguay , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Tumor Burden , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(1): 82-84, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Most Departments of Pathology around the world have a considerable archive of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue suitable for molecular assessment. This article points out the potential DNA damage that may occur if basic steps are not followed during processing and storage of these samples. Furthermore, it hopes to establish parameters to optimize quality and quantity of DNA extracted from FFPE tissues.


Resumo A maioria dos Departamentos de Patologia em todo o mundo têm um considerável acervo de tecidos embebidos em parafina e fixados em formalina, que são passíveis para análises moleculares. Este artigo apresenta os danos ao DNA que podem ocorrer se passos básicos não forem seguidos durante o processamento e armazenamento destas amostras. Além disso, procura estabelecer parâmetros para otimizar a qualidade e quantidade do DNA extraído de tecidos FFPE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Fixation , Paraffin Embedding
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e19, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839527

ABSTRACT

Abstract To assess the immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical correlation of adhesion (E-cadherin) and cell differentiation (involucrin) molecules in oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Cytological samples and biopsies were obtained from male and female patients aged over 30 years with oral leukoplakia (n = 30) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (n = 22). Cell scrapings and the biopsy were performed at the site of the lesion and histological slides were prepared for the immunocytochemical analysis of exfoliated oral mucosal cells and for the immunohistochemical analysis of biopsy tissues using E-cadherin and involucrin. Spearman’s correlation and kappa coefficients were used to assess the correlation and level of agreement between the techniques. Immunostaining for E-cadherin and involucrin by both techniques was similar in the superficial layers of the histological sections compared with cell scrapings. However, there was no statistical correlation and agreement regarding the immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin and involucrin in oral leukoplakia (R = 0.01, p = 0.958) (Kappa = 0.017, p = 0.92) or in oral squamous cell carcinoma (R = 0.26, p = 0.206) (Kappa = 0.36, p = 0.07). The immunoexpression of E-cadherin and involucrin in tissues is consistent with the expression patterns observed in exfoliated oral mucosal cells, despite the lack of a statistically significant correlation. There is an association of the histopathological characteristics of leukoplakia with the expression E-cadherin and of the microscopic aspects of oral squamous cell carcinoma with immunohistochemical expression of involucrin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cadherins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Leukoplakia, Oral/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Protein Precursors/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 15(1): 27-34, Jan.-Mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-830998

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the association between oral health status, socio-demographic and behavioralfactors with the pattern of maturity of normal epithelial oral mucosa. Methods: Exfoliative cytologyspecimens were collected from 117 men from the border of the tongue and floor of the mouth onopposite sides. Cells were stained with the Papanicolaou method and classified into: anucleated,superficial cells with nuclei, intermediate and parabasal cells. Quantification was made by selectingthe first 100 cells in each glass slide. Sociodemographic and behavioral variables were collected froma structured questionnaire. Oral health was analyzed by clinical examination, recording decayed,missing and filled teeth index (DMFT) and use of prostheses. Multivariable linear regression modelswere applied. Results: No significant differences for all studied variables influenced the patternof maturation of the oral mucosa except for alcohol consumption. There was an increase of cellsurface layers of the epithelium with the chronic use of alcohol. Conclusions: It is appropriate to usePapanicolaou cytopathological technique to analyze the maturation pattern of exposed subjects,with a strong recommendation for those who use alcohol - a risk factor for oral cancer, in which achange in the proportion of cell types is easily detected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Mouth Mucosa , Multivariate Analysis , Oral Health , Papanicolaou Test , Cell Biology , Pathology/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-8, 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777246

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of exposure to cell phone electromagnetic radiation on the frequency of micronuclei, broken eggs cells, binucleated cells, and karyorrhexis in epithelial cells of the oral mucosa. The sample was composed of 60 cell phone users, who were non-smokers and non-drinkers, and had no clinically visible oral lesions. Cells were obtained from anatomical sites with the highest incidence of oral cancer: lower lip, border of the tongue, and floor of the mouth. The Feulgen reaction was used for quantification of nuclear anomalies in 1,000 cells/slide. A slightly increase in the number of micronucleated cells in the lower lip and in binucleated cells on the floor of the mouth was observed in individuals who used their phones > 60 minutes/week. The analysis also revealed an increased number of broken eggs in the tongue of individuals owning a cell phone for over eight years. Results suggest that exposure to electromagnetic waves emitted by cell phones can increase nuclear abnormalities in individuals who use a cell phone for more than 60 minutes per week and for over eight years. Based on the present findings, we suggest that exposure to electromagnetic radiation emitted by cell phones may interfere with the development of metanuclear anomalies. Therefore, it is demonstrated that, despite a significant increase in these anomalies, the radiation emitted by cell phones among frequent users is within acceptable physiological limits.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cell Phone , Cell Nucleus/radiation effects , Electromagnetic Radiation , Mouth Mucosa/cytology , Radio Waves/adverse effects , Chromosome Aberrations , Micronucleus Tests , Mouth Mucosa/radiation effects
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(3): 369-375, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the immunolabeling of two cell cycle protein regulators, p53 and p21WAF1, in non-dysplastic leukoplakias with different epithelial alterations: acanthosis, hyperkeratosis and acanthosis combined with hyperkeratosis, and compare them with dysplastic leukoplakias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving 36 patients with oral homogeneous leukoplakias. excisional biopsies were performed and the patients remain under clinical follow-up. The leukoplakias were divided into four groups: 6 acanthosis, 9 hyperkeratosis, 10 acanthosis combined with hyperkeratosis, and 11 epithelial dysplasias. Paraffin-embebeded sections were immunostained for p53 and p21WAF1. Five hundred cells from the basal layer and 500 from the parabasal layer were counted to determine the percentage of positive cells. A qualitative analysis was also carried out to determine the presence or absence of immunohistochemical staining in the intermediate and superficial layers. Groups were compared with ANOVA (p<0.05). Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to test for associations between the two markers, p53 and p21WAF1. RESULTS: No leukoplakia recurred and no malignant transformation was observed whitin a follow-up period of 3-6 years. The mean percentage of p53 staining in the basal and parabasal layers was similar in all groups. p21WAF1 staining differed between layers was as follows: in the basal, only 3 to 4% of cells were stained, while in the parabasal, between 16 and 28% of the epithelial cells were stained in the four different studied groups with no statistically significant difference (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings failed to differentiate the non-dysplastic lesions by means of p53 and p21WAF1 immunostaining, notwithstanding similar profiles between non-dysplastic and dysplastic leukoplakias were observed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Cell Cycle Proteins/analysis , /analysis , Leukoplakia, Oral/chemistry , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , /analysis , Analysis of Variance , Biopsy , Cell Cycle/physiology , /metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Paraffin Embedding , Prospective Studies , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , /metabolism
13.
RFO UPF ; 13(3): 13-18, set.-dez. 2008. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-515151

ABSTRACT

O cirurgião-dentista tem importante papel como adjuvante no diagnóstico de pacientes com hipertensão arterial. Assim, o presente trabalho tem o objetivo de avaliar as variações dos parâmetros cardiovasculares(pressão arterial e frequência cardíaca) em pacientes submetidos a extrações dentárias sob anestesia local. Opresente estudo foi delineado de forma observacional retrospectiva, sendo realizado na Faculdade de Odontologiada Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul e baseado em dados de fichas que contêm anamnese, exame físico, radiográfico e a descrição de procedimentos realizados no período de vinte e um meses. Dos pacientes submetidos a extrações dentárias, 21,8 por cento possuíam alguma alteração cardiovascular. Pacientes entre 60 e69 anos apresentaram maior prevalência de alterações cardiovasculares. Os parâmetros cardiovasculares não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativasde acordo com faixa etária, gênero e raça. Não foram encontradas variações nos parâmetros cardiovascularesque pudessem desencadear eventos clínicos adversos nos pacientes submetidos a extrações dentárias


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Arterial Pressure , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Heart Rate , Hypertension , Tooth Extraction
14.
ROBRAC ; 17(44): 98-103, dez. 2008. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-524010

ABSTRACT

As causas das extrações dentárias podem fornecer informações sobre a prevalência das doençasbucais. Tendo isso em vista, o presente estudo teve como objetivo traçar o perfil dos pacientes atendidosde acordo com as causas de exodontia. O estudo foi delineado de forma observacional descritiva, sendorealizado na disciplina de Exodontia I e baseado em dados obtidos através da análise de 531 fichas quecontêm anamnese, exame físico, radiográfico e a descrição dos procedimentos realizados correspondendoa um ano de atendimentos nesta disciplina. Houve maior participação feminina (61,4%) em comparação amasculina (38,6%). Um total de 710 dentes foram extraídos de 399 pacientes. A principal causa de extraçõesdentárias foi a cárie (75%), seguida da doença periodontal (9%). A média de dentes extraídos foi maior emhomens. Maior número de exodontias ocorreu em molares, sendo que estes também foram os dentes maisextraídos por cárie. Os achados do presente estudo sugerem a implementação de políticas preventivas como intuito de reduzir a cárie dentária para, conseqüentemente, diminuir a necessidade de extrações dentárias,uma vez que estas constituem um problema de saúde pública.


Causes of dental extractions can supply information about the prevalence of the oral diseases. Thus,the present study has the objective to trace a profile of the patients in accordance with the causes of dentalextraction. The study was delineated as descriptive observational form, being carried in subjects of ExodontiaI and based in data of analysis of 531 files containg anamnese, physical exams, radiographic examinationand description of procedures corresponding to one year of consultation in this subjects. A greater feminine(61,4%) participation than masculine (38,6%) was evidenced. A total of 710 teeth had been extracted of 399patients. The main cause of dental extractions was caries (75%) followed by periodontal disease (9%). Theextracted tooth average was bigger in men. The great number of dental losses occurred in molar and thesealso had been the teeth more extracted by caries. Our findings suggest the implementation of preventivepolitics with intention to reduce the dental carie, then reduce need of dental extractions, a time that thoseconstitutes a problem of public health.

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