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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 217-221, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365360

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at the oral health problems of elderly patients with diabetes. A training course of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine was constructed, helping patients improve their oral health quality of life. METHODS: A randomized controlled prospective experimental study was conducted. A total of 190 elderly patients were divided randomly into an observation group and a control group with 95 cases in each. The control group received regular health education, while the observation group was based on the control group to implement the integrated experiential learning of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in small groups. The oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior, and blood glucose control status along with the oral health quality of life of the two groups were compared before the intervention and at 3-month postintervention. RESULTS: Three months after the intervention, the fasting blood glucose control and the 2-h postprandial blood glucose/glycosylated hemoglobin levels in the observation group were significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The oral health quality of life in the observation group was significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The small-group experiential learning model of integrated Chinese and Western medicine can promote the transformation of knowledge-beliefs-behaviors in elderly patients with diabetes, which is conducive to controlling blood sugar levels and improving the quality of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Oral Health , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Quality of Life , China , Prospective Studies , Problem-Based Learning , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920574

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the effect of tension on donor site recovery of modified forearm flaps (closed forearm donor site skin flaps).@*Methods @# From October 2018 to April 2021, 12 patients with oral cancer underwent forearm flap repair at Xuzhou Central Hospital. Handgrip strength and wrist motion were recorded before surgery. During the surgical incision at the donor site of the forearm, the triangular full-thickness skin of the donor site was used to close part of the surgical incision, and the other part of the surgical incision was directly closed and sutured. Tension was measured with a tension meter during the surgical incision at the donor site. Patients were followed up after surgery to observe whether there were postoperative complications such as necrosis and poor healing of donor site wounds, as well as forearm grip strength, wrist range of motion and appearance satisfaction.@* Results@#Among the 12 patients, there was only one elderly patient with postoperative necrosis near the wrist in the donor site skin, and the average tension of the patient was 0.65 kg; the lesion healed after dressing changes. All of the other patients recovered well without postoperative complications. The mean tension of 12 patients was (0.51 ± 0.05) kg. The preoperative and postoperative grip strength of 12 patients was (23.7 ± 10.3) kg and (22.3 ± 10.7) kg, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (t=5.872, P<0.001). The mean range of motion of the wrist was (47.6 ± 8.3)°, (45.8 ± 5.8)°; dorsiflexion (54.6 ± 3.2)°, (53.9 ± 2.3)°; radial deviation (37.0 ± 2.3)°, (36.1 ± 2.2)°; ruler deviation (27.1 ± 1.9)°, (26.4 ± 1.3)°, respectively. The t values were 1.64, 1.636, 2.116 and 1.412, and the P values were 0.129, 0.130, 0.058 and 0.186, respectively. All 12 patients were satisfied with the appearance of the donor site of the forearm.@*Conclusion@#When the average tension during suturing is less than 0.5 kg, there is a lower risk of complications at the donor site of the forearm one month after surgery, a lower risk of impaired donor site function, and a greater possibility of patient satisfaction with the appearance of the donor site.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920527

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To explore whether RhoA plays a role in the migration and invasion of the salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cell lines SACC-LM and SACC-83.@*Methods@#Total RNA and total protein were extracted from 20 salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) and normal adjacent tissues frozen in liquid nitrogen to detect RhoA expression. RhoA-siRNA was constructed to transfect two cell lines (SACC-LM and SACC-83) for cytological experiments. The research included an experimental group (RhoA-siRNA transfection), negative control group (siRNA-NC transfection) and blank group by transient transfection with liposomes. Expression of RhoA mRNA and protein as well as the protein expression of biomarkers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were analyzed, including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin. Furthermore, the changes in invasion and migration of cells in each group were analyzed by comparing the number of transmembrane cells in the Transwell assay and the results of the scratch test.@*Results@#Compared with normal adjacent tissues, RhoA protein and mRNA levels increased in SACC tissues. Compared with the control group, the relative expression levels of RhoA mRNA and protein decreased (P < 0.01), the relative expression levels of E-cadherin protein increased, and the relative expression levels of N-cadherin and vimentin protein increased in the experimental group (P < 0.01). Additionally, the trial results revealed that RhoA knockdown restrained cell migration and invasion (P < 0.01).@*Conclusion @#RhoA expression increased in SACC tissue. Silencing RhoA in vitro could effectively restrain cell migration and invasion in SACC-LM and SACC-83 cells through the regulation of EMT signaling pathways.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904815

ABSTRACT

@#The endocrown, a modified overlay or crown, is considered to have the advantages of adhesive retention and mechanical retention. Marginal adaptation and mechanical strength are common criteria for evaluating endocrowns. This review studied these aspects of endocrowns to guide further clinical application. Results from previous academic studies indicate that endocrowns made of different materials, such as glass-based ceramics, zirconia-based ceramics and resin-based ceramics, exhibit clinically acceptable marginal adaptation. Zirconia is a common dental material, but when used in endocrowns, it tends to present a risk of irreparable tooth root fractures. Compared with products manufactured with zirconia, endocrowns manufactured with resin-based ceramics and glass-based ceramics, such as lithium disilicate ceramics, do not tend to cause irreparable results, such as tooth root fracture, but their mechanical strengths are not as good as those of zirconia. At the same time, the tooth prepration design such as the types of endocrowns, the pulp chamber extension depth and angles, the endocrown thickness can influence the mechanical strength of endocrowns as well. Compared with traditional zirconia, self-glazed zirconia, a new type of material used to restore defective teeth, has the similar elasticity modulus(210 GPa)and better aesthetic advantages, and is suitable for short crown patients with insufficient occlusal space. Further study is warranted to improve the performance of endocrowns made from ceramic materials to prevent root fracture.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 731-735, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934703

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between circadian rhythm with depressive and anxiety symptoms of college students in Jinzhou City, to provide a theoretical basis for targeted depression and anxiety prevention among college students.@*Methods@#A total of 1 938 college students were selected by convenient sampling method from November to December 2020 for questionnaire survey. The relationship between circadian rhythm and depression and anxiety symptoms was analyzed by using questionnaire,survey including Self Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ).@*Results@#There were significant differences in the distribution of depressive symptoms in different majors, smoking, drinking and physical exercise ( χ 2=46.80, 5.88, 5.76, 12.23, P <0.05). There were significant differences in the distribution of anxiety symptoms in different majors, smoking and drinking ( χ 2=9.41, 5.80, 5.56, P <0.05). Stratified analysis showed that the depressive symptoms of different chronotype were statistically varied by age, gender, professional, grade, registered residence, body mass index, smoking, drinking, and sports( χ 2=8.16, 14.42, 12.25, 6.19, 10.99, 15.29, 17.41, 15.63, 7.47, 9.59, 10.51 , P <0.05). The anxiety symptoms of different chronotype were statistically different in age (21 years) and smoking (no), ( χ 2= 8.34 , 7.16, P <0.05). Spearman rank correlation showed that the corrected Mid sleep on Free Days Corrected for Sleep Debt on Work Days (MSFsc) was positively correlated with the standard scores of depression and anxiety ( r s=0.10, 0.09), and social jet lag was positively correlated with the standard scores of depression and anxiety ( r s=0.09, 0.05)( P <0.05). After controlling for age, major, smoking and drinking, binary Logistic regression showed that mean sleep length was inversely correlated with depressive symptoms ( OR =0.82), and weekly insomnia frequency was positively correlated with depressive symptoms ( OR=1.14 ).Early type and intermediate type of chronotypes were negatively correlated with depression ( OR =0.66,0.57). Intermediate type of chronotype was negatively correlated with anxiety symptoms ( OR =0.65).@*Conclusion@#Circadian rhythm is related to depressive and anxiety symptoms,among which the average sleep length, early rise and intermediate sleep patterns are negatively related to depression symptoms, and intermediate sleep patterns and anxiety symptoms, suggesting that circadian rhythm disorder may affect depression and anxiety symptoms.

6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18524, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364432

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies have demonstrated that Radix Astragali can inhibit gastric ulcers in mice. Anhydrous ethanol (0.01 mL/g) administered to mice by intragastric infusion can induce gastric ulcer injury. This study was performed to compare the stomach tissue distribution profiles of four major bioactive constituents of Radix Astragali(calycosin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside, calycosin, ononin and formononetin) after oral administration of extract of Radix Astragali (ERA)in normal and gastric ulcer mice. The abundance of Radix Astragali constituents was determined using an ultra-pressure liquid chromatograph with a photodiode array detector (UPLC-PDA), after which histograms were drawn. In comparison with normal mice, the contents of calycosin- 7-O-ß-d-glucoside, calycosin, ononin and formononetin in the stomach tissue samples of gastric ulcer mice showed significant differences at the selected time points (P < 0.05).The abundance of each of the four tested constituents in the normal groups was higher than that of the gastric ulcer groups. This study provides an empirical foundation for future studies focused on developing clinical applications of Radix Astragali


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Stomach/drug effects , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Tissues/drug effects , Tissue Distribution , Astragalus Plant/adverse effects , Plants, Medicinal , Administration, Oral
7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 358-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between hemoglobin ( Hb ) and serum uric acid ( SUA ), so as to provide basis for preventing hyperuricemia ( HUA ) . @*Methods@#As the research subjects, people who underwent physical examination in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 1, 2017 to October 31, 2020 for 4 years in a row and who were non-HUA in 2017 were selected. The physical examination data were collected, including body mass index, blood pressure, blood routine, blood biochemical tests, etc. The subjects grouped by quartiles of Hb level in 2017. The occurrence of SUA elevation ( SUA increased ≥60 μmol/L from baseline ) , significantly SUA elevation ( SUA increased ≥120 μmol/L from baseline ), HUA ( SUA>420 μmol/L ) and severe HUA ( SUA ≥480 μmol/L ) in the next 3 years were taken as end events. The incidence, occurrence time and risk of end events in different Hb groups were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 4 073 subjects were selected and divided into 4 groups according to the Hb level from low to high, with 969 subjects in group A, 907 subjects in group B, 1 109 subjects in group C and 1 088 subjects in group D. SUA elevation was in 745 patients ( 18.29% ); significantly SUA elevation was in 105 patients ( 2.58% ); HUA was in 514 patients ( 12.62% ); severe HUA was in 94 patients ( 2.31% ). The incidence of SUA elevation and significantly SUA elevation showed a decreasing trend with the increase of Hb level ( P<0.05 ). The occurrence time of SUA elevation in group A to D was 2.788, 2.817, 2.860 and 2.814 years, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05 ). There were no statistically significant differences in the occurrence time of other end events ( P>0.05 ). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that compared with group A, other Hb groups had lower risk ( HR=0.498-0.776, 95%CI:0.253-0.981 ) of SUA elevation, significantly SUA elevation and severe HUA after adjusting for gender, age, ALT, Scr, body mass index, etc.@*Conclusions@#With the increase of Hb level, the incidence of SUA elevation may decrease and the occurrence time is prolonged. Compared with the lowest Hb group, the higher Hb groups had lower risk of SUA elevation, significantly SUA elevation and severe HUA.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 583-586, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876406

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify the latent classes of various health risk behaviors among medical students and further analyze the correlation between different classes and depression.@*Methods@#Using the method of convenient sampling, 2 014 medical students were selected from Anhui Medical University in October 2018. Self-designed online questionnaire were used to collect demographic data, health risk behavior (including smoking, drinking, suicide, sleep disorders, mobile phone dependence and lack of exercise) and depressive symptoms. Latent Class Analysis was used to cluster individuals. Logistic regression was provided to further analyze the association between health risk behaviors and depressive symptoms for the groups.@*Results@#The health hazard behaviors of medical students could be divided into three separate classes: substance dependence group (8.4%), mobile phone dependence group (22.4%) and low-risk group (69.2%). The distribution of health risk behaviors of medical students with different gender, major, grade, only child,father s educational level,monthly living expenses, academic achievement and number of friends were statistically significant (χ 2=99.37,19.07,12.05,6.64,14.28,19.35,20.61,26.39,P<0.05). The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, major, grade, only child, father s educational level,monthly living expenses, academic achievement and number of friends, the mobile phone dependence group was positively correlated with depressive symptoms (β=1.75, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Different ratent classes of health risk behaviors have different correlation with depressive symptoms in groups.It is suggested that school health workers should make individualized intervention plan for different types of health hazard behavior of medical students in the future educational activities, carry out stratified intervention, alleviate the symptoms of depression and promote the mental health of medical students.

9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 884-888, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904788

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the awareness of human papillomavirus ( HPV ) vaccine and willingness to vaccinate daughters among parents of primary and middle school students, so as to provide the reference for the promotion of HPV vaccine in primary and middle school girls.@*Methods @#Using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, the parents of girls in in Grade Four to Nine from schools in Gongshu District of Hangzhou, Xiuzhou District of Jiaxing and Wuxing District of Huzhou were selected. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect demographic information, HPV vaccine related knowledge and willingness to vaccinate daughters with HPV vaccines. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for the willingness to vaccinate daughters with HPV vaccines among parents. @*Results @#Totally 1 500 questionnaires were sent out, and 1 466 were effectively collected, with an effective rate of 97.73%. There were 313 fathers responded, accounting for 21.35%; and 1 153 mothers responded, accounting for 78.65%. The awareness rate of HPV vaccine was 16.81%. The rate of willing to vaccinate daughters with HPV vaccines was 49.86%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patients who ever vaccinated daughters with self-paid vaccines ( OR=1.935, 95%CI: 1.473-2.541 ), knew cervical cancer ( OR=1.424, 95%CI: 1.065-1.904 ), knew HPV vaccine dose ( OR=1.672, 95%CI:1.216-2.301 ), knew the best vaccination period ( OR=1.392, 95%CI: 1.032-1.876 ), knew the need of cervical cancer screening even after vaccination ( OR=1.596, 95%CI:1.227-2.075) were more willing to vaccinate daughters with HPV vaccines, while the parents who thought HPV vaccine expensive ( OR=0.154, 95%CI: 0.099-0.240 ) were less willing to vaccinate daughters with HPV vaccines. @*Conclusions @#The rates of HPV vaccine awareness and willingness to vaccinate daughters are 16.81% and 49.86% among parents of primary and middle school students. Their knowledge of HPV vaccine and the price of the vaccine may affect their willingness to vaccinate daughters.

10.
Clinics ; 76: e1987, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). METHODS: The study included a total of 70 patients with moderate-to-severe IUAs who underwent TCRA. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group (n=35) and control group n=35). In the treatment group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received intrauterine perfusion of Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine. In the control group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received hyaluronic acid sodium and intrauterine device (IUD). Follow-up was performed after treatment of uterine cavity, menstruation and pregnancy. RESULTS: After 3 months of treatment, we observed a significantly lower rate of intrauterine re-adhesion (45.71% versus 77.14%, p=0.044) and significantly higher clinical efficiency (82.86% versus 77.14%, p=0.025) in the treatment group than those in the control group. After 6 months of treatment, we observed a significantly higher clinical efficiency in the treatment group than that in the control group (88.57% versus 68.57%, p=0.039). During the follow-up period, the pregnancy rate was 45.71% and 37.14% in the treatment group and control group, respectively, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.628). CONCLUSIONS: After surgical management of IUA, the integrated treatment combining a uterus stent placement and artificial cycle with Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine can improve the condition of menstruation, and prevent and treat recurrence of IUA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Intrauterine Devices , Hysteroscopy , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148365

ABSTRACT

A la fecha de redacción de este artículo, más de 500 mil personas han sido afectadas por el virus SARS-CoV-2 en Chile, manifestando diferentes grados de la enfermedad COVID-19. Aquellas que sobrellevan condiciones más severas generan una condición que requiere soporte ventilatorio invasivo y tratamiento en unidades de cuidados intensivos, que de prolongarse en el tiempo deriva en la necesidad de una traqueostomía. A pesar de los beneficios que posee esta en la recuperación de personas con dificultades respiratorias, su implementación se asocia a alteraciones deglutorias que se suman a las generadas por COVID-19. Condición que supone un desafío para los/as fonoaudiólogos/as, quienes están expuestos/as al virus debido a su proceder en estructuras del tracto aerodigestivo y la realización de procedimientos potencialmente generadores de aerosol. El objetivo de este artículo es entregar orientaciones y herramientas clínicas para la intervención en la deglución de personas con traqueostomía y COVID-19. Estas emanan de un análisis pragmático de la evidencia disponible a la fecha, interpretadas bajo nuestra experiencia de atender a más de 561 personas con dicha condición. Se espera contribuir a la rehabilitación de la deglución en personas con COVID-19 y traqueostomía. Para ello se expone sobre las características de la deglución en esta población, su tratamiento, consideraciones para el uso de técnicas específicas, y orientaciones para la mejora de la calidad de vida mediante la mantención y/o recuperación de la funcionalidad deglutoria. Siempre bajo un esquema centrado en el cuidado y protección de las personas hospitalizadas y el equipo de salud.


At the time of writing this article, more than a million people have been affected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus in Chile, displaying different degrees of COVID-19 disease. Severe infections generate a condition that requires invasive ventilatory support and treatment in intensive care units, which, when extended in time, makes necessary conducting a tracheostomy. Despite its benefits for the recovery of patients with respiratory difficulties, it is linked to swallowing disorders that add to the problems generated by COVID-19. This represents a challenge for speech pathologists, who are potentially exposed to the virus because they work on structures of the aerodigestive tract and becuase they conduct procedures that may be aerosol-generating. The aim of this article is to provide guidance and clinical tools for swallowing-intervention in people with tracheostomies and COVID-19. Thees tools spring from a pragmatic analysis of the currently available evidence , interpreted based on our experience of caring more than561 infected patients. We hope to contribute to the rehabilitation of swallowing of patients with COVID-19 and a tracheostomy. The characteristics of swallowing in this population, its treatment, considerations for the use of specific techniques, and guidelines for improving the quality of life through the maintenance and/or recovery of swallowing functionality are discussed, focused caring and protecting hospitalized patients and the health team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/surgery , Tracheostomy/adverse effects , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/surgery , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Deglutition Disorders/rehabilitation , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/rehabilitation , Critical Care , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/methods , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
13.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 19: 1-9, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148401

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad COVID-19 fue declarada pandemia por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Su presentación más severa genera una condición que requiere tratamiento en unidades de cuidados intensivos, condición que al prolongarse en el tiempo requiere la implementación de una traqueostomía para facilitar la entrega de soporte ventilatorio invasivo. Si bien este dispositivo posee importantes ventajas que favorecen la recuperación y rehabilitación, también es cierto que genera diversas complicaciones en la comunicación de las personas, condición que se suma a los efectos propios del COVID-19 y la frecuente historia de intubación endotraqueal previa. El objetivo de este artículo es proveer orientaciones y herramientas clínicas para el tratamiento de la fonación para la comunicación en personas con traqueostomía y COVID-19. Se considera para ello las recomendaciones de la literatura existentes a la fecha, bajo un análisis pragmático y basado en nuestra experiencia de atender a más de 561 personas con esta condición. Se exponen las características de la comunicación en esta población, su tratamiento, consideraciones para el uso de técnicas específicas y orientaciones para la mejora de la calidad de vida. Siempre con un enfoque orientado al cuidado y protección de las/os usuarias/os y el equipo de salud, en particular fonoaudiólogas y fonoaudiólogos del país.


The COVID-19 disease was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. When most severe, it generates a condition that requires treatment in intensive care units, which, when extended in time, requires implementing of a tracheostomy to facilitate invasive ventilatory support. Although ventilatory support has important advantages that favor recovery and rehabilitation, it generates various complications for patients' communication, a condition that adds to the effects of COVID-19 and the frequent history of previous endotracheal intubation. The aim of this article is to provide guidance and clinical tools for the treatment of phonation to facilitate communication in people with tracheostomy and COVID-19. For this, the recommendations of the existing available literature are considered, under a pragmatic analysis and based on our experience of treating more than 561 infected patients. The characteristics of communication in this population, its treatment, considerations for the use of specific techniques and guidelines to improve quality of life are exposed. Always with an approach oriented to the care and protection of users and the health team, in particular speech-language pathologists in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/surgery , Tracheostomy/adverse effects , Voice Disorders/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/surgery , Communication Disorders/etiology , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/standards , Phonation , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Hospital-Patient Relations , Voice Disorders/rehabilitation , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/rehabilitation , Communication , Communication Disorders/rehabilitation , Critical Care , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/methods , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Intubation, Intratracheal
14.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1038-1050
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213751

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the predictive power of the combination of Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII) and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade in prognosis outcomes of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after thermal ablation. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was reviewed and approved by our institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from each patient. According to the Milan criteria, a total of 405 treatment-naïve patients with clinicopathologically confirmed HCC were enrolled who subsequently underwent thermal ablation from 2011 to 2016. The outcomes of overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were statistically analyzed. Results: The median follow-up time of this study was 45.1 months (range, 1.3–83.2 months). After thermal ablation in patients with SII-ALBI Grades 1, 2, and 3, the cumulative 5-year OS rates were 81.7%, 63.2%, and 26.9%; the 5-year CSS rates were 82.4%, 67.5%, and 26.9%; and the 5-year RFS rates were 49.3%, 44.6%, and 25.3%, respectively (all P < 0.001). On multivariate Cox regression analyses, SII-ALBI was independently associated with the three outcomes after adjustment for various confounders (all P < 0.05). In addition, SII-ALBI played a predictive role in OS, CSS, and RFS for patients with negative alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) (P < 0.05). Compared with SII and ALBI, the AUCs for the prediction of OS and CSS using SII-ALBI were superior to single indicator (bothP < 0.05). Conclusion: Elevated preablation SII-ALBI is associated with shorter OS, CSS, and RFS in patients with early-stage HCC. Our indicator showed the potential to be a supplement tool for patients with negative AFP during follow-up

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1621-1624, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the prevalence of problematic mobile phone use and anxiety in college students, and explore the mediating effect of sleep quality on the relationship between problematic mobile phone use and anxiety, and to provide reference for physical and mental health promotion of college students.@*Methods@#One medical college and a comprephensive college were selected in Hefei city of Anhui Province and Shangrao City of Jiangxi Province, respectively, and a cross-sectional survey was conducted. A total of 1 135 valid questionnaires were collected. The self-rating questionnaires regarding basic information of college students, use the Self-rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use(SQAPMPU) and the Self-Rating Questionnaire for Depression-Anxiety-Stress for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use(DASS-21) was used to evaluate problematic mobile phone use and anxiety, respectively. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) was used to evaluate sleep quality.@*Conclusion@#The detection rates of college students with problematic mobile phone use and poor sleep quality were 24.6% and 13.3%, respectively. The detection rates of college students anxiety grouped by severity were 5.1%, 23.9%. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed a positive linear correlation between problematic mobile phone use and anxiety[OR values(95%CI) were 1.86(1.01-3.44), 4.34(3.14-5.99), P<0.01]. The results of process showed that sleep quality played a moderating role between problematic mobile phone use and anxiety(R2=0.37, F=220.52, P<0.01). Interaction term s β=0.09(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of problematic mobile phone use is high in college students, and problematic mobile phone use is positively related to anxiety. Good sleep quality can alleviate the relationship between mobile phone dependence and anxiety of college students.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1044-1046, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823175

ABSTRACT

@#To assess the relationship between high blood pressure (HBP) and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-height ratio (WHtR) among children and adolescents in Suzhou.@*Methods@#A total of 3 150 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years were enrolled through stratified cluster sampling from September to October, 2019. Questionnaire survey was conducted, and height, weight, WC and BP were measured to calculate BMI and WHtR, relationship of HBP and adiposity indicators were evaluated.@*Results@#The prevalence of HBP was 11.3%, overweight/obesity rate was 28.5%, and centrality obesity based on WC and WHtR was 20.6% and 23.7%, respectively. There were significant relationships between HBP and BMI, WC, and WHtR (χ2=157.80,105.87,124.17,P<0.01). As Logistic regression showed, compared to normal weight group, overweight/obesity based on BMI had positive relation with HBP (OR=3.89, 95%CI=3.09-4.90); compared to normal WC/WHtR, centrality obesity showed positive association with HBP (WC: OR=3.05, 95%CI=2.41-3.86; WHtR: OR=3.35, 95%CI=2.67-4.21). Meanwhile, BMI had joint effects on HBP with WC/WHtR. Specifically subjects with overweight/obesity and center obesity had higher risk of HBP, compared to normal BMI and WC subjects(OR=4.28, 95%CI=3.31-5.53).@*Conclusion@#Significant relationships between HBP and BMI, WC, and WHtR were found. BMI had joint effects on HBP with WC/WHtR. Keeping normal body weight and WC/ WHtR would have significant effects on HBP.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 684-688, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821920

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand cognition and willingness of EV71 vaccination among parents of children, so as to provide scientific basis for vaccination.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey (census) was adopted. A questionnaire survey was conducted among parents of 2 783 preschool children from 12 kindergartens to analyze the parents’ cognition towards EV71 vaccine and willingness of vaccination of EV71 vaccine.@*Results@#Among the 2 783 parents surveyed, 1 843 heard of EV71 vaccine. The parents’ awareness rate of EV71 vaccine was 51.9%. The main source of EV71 vaccinerelated information was obtained through hospitals(n=887), followed by schools(n=752). 1 014 received EV71 vaccine. The main reason of EV71 vaccination was that vaccine was believed to be effective in preventing hand,foot and mouth disease(HFMD) (76.1%), while the main reason for unwillingness for vaccination was lack of knowledge(31.7%). And 2 478 considered that EV71 vaccine should be included in planned immunization. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that children in public schools(OR=0.72, 95%CI=0.59-0.89), mothers from urban residents(OR=0.76, 95%CI=0.64-0.90), parents lack of EV71 vaccine awareness(OR=0.42,95%CI=0.35-0.49), and perceived high price of EV71 vaccine (OR=0.66, 95%CI=0.47-0.92) had a low vaccination rate. Higher EV71 vaccination rate was related to children’ status as baby class (OR=2.55,95%CI=1.18-5.52),bottom class (OR=2.24,95%CI=1.54-3.24) and middle class(OR=1.51, 95%CI=1.05-2.15)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#EV71 vaccination in preschool children in our jurisdiction was relatively high. School type, mother’s household registration, children’s grade and the parental percption of EV71 vaccine price are the main factors influencing EV71 vaccine vaccination in preschool children.

18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190211, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057287

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Anopheles stephensi is the main malaria vector in Southeast Asia. Recently, plant-sourced larvicides are attracting great interests. METHODS: The essential oil was extracted from the leaf of Cinnamomum camphora (L.), and a bioassay was conducted to determine the larvicidal efficacy. The chemical composition of the essential oil was determined by GC-MS analysis. RESULTS: The oil showed strong, dose-dependent larvicidal activities. The onset of larvicidal efficiency was rapid. The LC50 and LC95 were determined as 0.146% and 1.057% at 1 h, 0.031% and 0.237% at 12 h, 0.026% and 0.128% at 24 h, respectively. The oil contains 32 compounds. CONCLUSIONS The essential oil of C. camphora leaf has an excellent larvicidal potential for the control of A. stephensi.


Subject(s)
Animals , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Cinnamomum camphora/chemistry , Mosquito Vectors/drug effects , Insecticides/pharmacology , Larva/drug effects , Anopheles/drug effects , Biological Assay , Oils, Volatile/isolation & purification , Mosquito Vectors/classification , Insecticides/isolation & purification , Lethal Dose 50 , Anopheles/classification
19.
J Genet ; 2019 Sep; 98: 1-6
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215401

ABSTRACT

The chloroplast genome sequence of Nitraria tangutorum, a desert shrub, was sequenced using high-throughput sequencing technology and analysed phylogenetically in the present study. The chloroplast genome is 159,414 bp in length, including a large single copy region of 87,924 bp and small single copy region of 18,318 bp, and a pair of inverted repeat regions of 26,586 bp. The chloroplast genome contains 110 unique genes, including 77 protein-coding genes, four ribosomal RNA genes, and 29 tRNA genes. Most of these genes are present as a single copy and in two or more copies 19 genes occurred. Seventeen genes have one intron, and clpP and ycf3 genes contain two introns. A total of 81 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified, most of them were found to be mononucleotide repeats composed of A/T. In addition to SSRs, 66 repeats were identified, including 41 tandem repeats, 10 palindromic repeats, and 15 forward repeats. The phylogenetic analysis based on 54 protein-coding genes demonstrated a close relationship between N. tangutorum and other plant species in Sapindales. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of N. tangutorum will provide important data for further study of taxonomy and systematics of the genus Nitraria.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1870-1872, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815663

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in Suzhou by using different references, and to provide a reference for the application of standard of blood pressure among children.@*Methods@#Data of 6 972 children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years were collected by stratified cluster random sampling method to determine the prevalence of HBP based on 2017 AAP Guidelines for Childhood Hygertension(America 2017), National Blood Pressure Reference for Chinese Han Children based on Chinese National Survey on Students’ Constitution and Health in 2010 (Ma 2017), blood pressure guidelines based on their investigation in mainland children and adolescents (Mi 2017) and blood pressure guidelines based on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey during the year of 1999-2009 (CHNS 2013).@*Results@#Referred to Ma 2017 reference, the prevalence of HBP was highest with 12.7%, followed by America 2017 with 16.3%, Mi 2017 with 17.4%, and CHNS2013 with 25.5%. In boys, HBP prevalence based on America 2017 was close to that using Mi 2017 among children younger than 13 years old, and was close to that using Ma 2017 among those≥14 years old. In girls, HBP prevalence based on America 2017 was close to that using Mi 2017 among those≤12 years old, and was close to that using Ma 2017 among those ≥13 years old. Compared with America 2017 reference, kappa value based on Mi 2017 was better than Ma 2017 in boys(0.81, 0.77), opposite result was found in girls(0.86, 0.85). Kappa value were the lowest based on CHNS 2013.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of HBP among children in Suzhou achieve a high level. Ma 2017, Mi 2017, and CHNS2013 references show different advantages among various gender and age groups.

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