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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789321

ABSTRACT

[ Objective ] To analyze the characteristics of anaphylactic rash after vaccination in Ouhai District of Wenzhou City during 2008-2013. [ Methods ] Data on anaphylactic rash cases reported during 2008-2013 were collected through the national AEFI information management system.And descriptive epidemiologic methodology was used in this study. [ Results] A total of 111 anaphylactic rash cases were reported in Ouhai District during 2008-2013,the reported incidence rate of anaphylactic rash were 3.58 per million doses.The ratio of male-female was 1.27:1.Cases of ≤1 year old accounted for 65.77%.Those without fever accounted for 75.68%.The number of the reports for the third quarter of the year accounted for 41.44%of the total.The cases of anaphylactic rash mostly occurred within 24 h after immunization(81.08%) .The top three vaccines reported in occurrence of rash were measles and rubella at-tenuated live vaccine(35.14%), diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis combined vaccine(18.92%), and A(H1N1)influenza vaccine(5.41%).The reported rates for the top three vaccines were 115.85, 29.33,13.07 per million doses for 7-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine,measles and rubella combined attenuated live vaccine, A(H1N1) influenza vaccine,respectively. [Conclusion] Differential diagnosis of anaphylactic rashes needs to be more stressed.Most anaphylactic rash were reported in the expected range,but still monitoring analysis on incidence of allergic rash should be enhanced.Vac-cines with higher incidence of rash reported should be further studied and analyzed.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 263-265,271, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792290

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the immunization coverage of the first dose of measles containing vaccine (MCV1 )by using the incidence of measles in Wenzhou City.Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze measles cases that reported in Wenzhou city from 2007 to 2012 and evaluate the immunization coverage of the first dose of measles containing vaccine.Results The average annual incidence rate was 10.46/100 000 from 2007 to 2012,and the annual incidence rate was 43.44/100 000 for children aged from 8 months to 83 months (42.59%).Based on the proportion of immunized measles cases vaccine effectiveness (VE)of MCV,the evaluated coverage rate of MCV1 was 73.80% (VE=90%)or 84.92% (VE=95%)in children aged from 13 to 83 months.The evaluated coverage rate of MCV1 was 83.25%(VE=90%)or 90.86%(VE=95%)in local children and 69.5 1%(VE=90%)or 82.02%(VE=95%)in migrating children.The timely immunization rate of MCV1 was 59.48% (VE =90%)or 74.59% (VE =95%).Conclusion The coverage rate and timely coverage rate of MCV1 are still low.It is important to strengthen the management of migrating population and enhance propaganda to ensure a high level vaccination rate to accelerate the elimination of measles.

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