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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-171, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905941


Objective:A strong antithrombotic protein component, named PvQ, was purified and enriched from total protein of <italic>Pheretima vulgaris</italic>,<italic> </italic>a<italic> </italic>traditional Chinese medicine. Moreover, we evaluated its fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activity, and expected to provide reference for the research on antithrombotic substances of Pheretima. Method:A rapid <italic>in</italic> <italic>vitro</italic> activity-oriented separation combined with the AKTA-Pure protein purification system conducted on <italic>P. vulgaris</italic>. Meanwhile, the fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activities of PvQ were measured by fibrin plate method and fibrinogen-thrombin time (Fibg-TT) method. And the <italic>in vitro</italic> thrombolysis assay was used for evaluating the lysis ability of PvQ to thrombus. Then the stability of PvQ was also analyzed for its anticoagulant activity at different pH and temperature. Result:The PvQ was successfully enriched and its activity was determined to have significant fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activities. And the result of <italic>in vitro</italic> thrombolysis assay revealed that PvQ could hydrolyze more than 80% of thrombus after 5 h of incubation at 37 ℃. In addition, the changes of temperature and pH had significant effects on antithrombotic activity, and this study showed that PvQ was rapidly inactivated at ≥60 ℃ or in acidic conditions (pH<7). While, the activity of PvQ was unaffected or less affected at ≤50 ℃ and under alkaline conditions. Conclusion:A feasible preparation method of PvQ is established, and it can affect fibrin and fibrinogen at the same time, thus exerting a dual fibrinolytic effect and possessing significant fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activities. It provides a scientific interpretation for the treatment of thrombotic diseases by PvQ and a reference for the development of antithrombotic protein products of Pheretima.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 801-809, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878943


By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.

Benchmarking , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5607-5613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878820


In this experiment, by determination of the HPLC characteristic spectrum of the classical prescription Qingwei San decoction, the contents of isoferulic acid, palmatine and paeonol in Qingwei San decoction and the extraction rate were investigated. The factors such as the crushing degree of decoction pieces, the amount of decocting water, the decocting time, the filter material and the decocting container involved in Qingwei San decoction process were examined to make a detailed comparison of Qingwei San's decoction processes during the development.HPLC characteristic spectrum method of Qingwei San was established, and then the decoction process parameters of Qingwei San were optimized, with the similarity of characteristic spectrum, the concentration of the index components and the extraction rate as indexes. The decoction process of Qingwei San was determined as follows: Qingwei San decoction pieces were weighed according to the prescription amount and pulverized into the most coarse powder; the powder was put in a ceramic pot, added with 225 mL water, heated to boiling, cooked for 50 minutes with gentle heat(100 W), and filtered with a layer of 300 mesh nylon cloth.The similarity of Qingwei San's characteristics pectrum of different decoction methods was all above 0.9, and the concentration of isoferulic acid, palmatine and paeonol in Qingwei San under determined decoction process was 40.74, 26.73, 65.73 μg·mL~(-1), respectively, with an extraction rate of 33.80%.The characteristic spectrum determined in this experiment can better express the information and index components of Qingwei San, and if combined with the extraction rate information, it can provide the general information, index component content and extraction information. The decoction process after detailed investigation can better reflect the quality of Qingwei San decoction, with easier control and operation. It can provide a basis for the subsequent research and development of Qingwei San decoction standard, and can also provide experimental basis and reference for the decoction process research of other classical prescriptions.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Prescriptions , Water