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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(2): 262-266, Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422643

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the risk factors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants and the clinical application value of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. METHODS: A total of 80 premature infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks or a birth weight of <1,500 g who were treated in our hospital from January to August 2021 were randomly divided into a bronchopulmonary dysplasia group (n=12) and a non-bronchopulmonary dysplasia group (n=62). The clinical data, lung ultrasound, and X-ray image characteristics of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: Among the 74 preterm infants, 12 preterm infants were diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and 62 preterm infants were determined not to have bronchopulmonary dysplasia. There were significant differences in sex, severe asphyxia, invasive mechanical ventilation, premature membrane ruptures, and intrauterine infection between the two groups (p<0.05). Lung ultrasound showed abnormal pleural lines and alveolar-interstitial syndrome in all 12 patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and vesicle inflatable signs in 3 patients. Before clinical diagnosis, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia were 98.65, 100, 98.39, 92.31, and 100%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of X-rays in the diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia were 85.14, 75.00, 87.10, 52.94, and 94.74%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic efficiency of lung ultrasound for premature bronchopulmonary dysplasia is better than that of X-rays. The application of lung ultrasound can screen patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia early for timely intervention.

2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 56: e12203, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447682

ABSTRACT

Astragaloside IV is a biologically active substance derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Astragalus mambranaceus Bunge, and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic properties. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of astragaloside IV on Klebsiella pneumonia rats and the underlying mechanisms. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) rats were treated with different dosages of astragaloside IV (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) by intragastric administration. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined. Pathological changes of lung tissue were inspected by HE staining. The expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in lung tissue was determined with immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of TGF-β1, p-Smad2/Smad2, p-Smad3/Smad3, IκBα/p-IκBα, and p65/p-p65 in lung tissue were determined by western blot. The mechanism was further investigated with TGF-β1 inhibitor SB-431542. Astragaloside IV reduced the elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines caused by K. pneumoniae and improved lung tissue damage in a dose-dependent manner. Astragaloside IV also decreased the expression of TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway-related proteins and decreased the protein levels of inflammation-related p-IκBα and p65 in lung tissues induced by K. pneumoniae. Additionally, it was found that the effects of 20 mg/kg astragaloside IV were similar to SB-431542, which could improve pulmonary fibrosis induced by K. pneumoniae, decrease the levels of TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway-related proteins in lung, and reduce inflammation at the same time. Astragaloside IV could alleviate the inflammation of rat pneumonia induced by K. pneumoniae through suppressing the TGF-β1/Smad pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1522-1526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997220

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between fine motor skills and executive function in school aged boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aged 6-10 years, so as to provide a reference for promoting executive function.@*Methods@#From November 2022 to May 2021,65 boys with ADHD were recruited from a tertiary hospital in Beijing and a public elementary school in Beijing, and 65 boys with typical development according to age and sex were recruited as controls. Children s fine motor skills were assessed using the movement assessment battery for children, second version (MABC-2), and children s inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility were assessed using the Stroop color word test (SCWT), Rey osterrich complex figure test (ROCFT) and trail making test (TMT), respectively. Independent samples t-tests were used to analyze the differences between the two groups, and Pearson correlation analysis and stratified regression analysis were used to explore the relationship between fine motor skills and executive functioning in boys with ADHD.@*Results@#In the fine motor skills test, boys with ADHD scored significantly lower (8.68±3.62) than control boys (11.22±2.27)( t =4.80, P <0.05); in the executive function test, the results of SCWT, ROCFT, and TMT tests were significantly worse in boys with ADHD than in normal boys ( t =-4.53-4.42, P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the fine motor skill scores of boys with ADHD were negatively correlated with the number of word sense errors ( r =-0.35) and color errors ( r =-0.42), and positively correlated with memory scores for delayed structure ( r =0.30) and detail ( r =0.25), which were negatively correlated with TMT-A ( r =-0.34),TMT-B reaction time ( r =-0.26), number of errors ( r =-0.43) ( P <0.05). Stratified regression analysis showed that fine motor skill scores of boys with ADHD were predictive of test results for inhibitory control, working memory and cognitive flexibility, with explanatory rates of 15%, 7%, and 19%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Fine motor skills in boys with ADHD are correlated with executive functions, and fine motor skills could predict inhibitory control, working memory and cognitive flexibility to some extent. The development of fine motor skills in boy with ADHD could promote their executive functions.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 421-424, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973452

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the contamination of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) and assess the health risk of PAEs contamination in market-available yellow rice wine in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the safety safeguard for consuming yellow rice wine.@*Methods@#Yellow rice wine samples were collected from markets in Huzhou City from 2021 to 2022, and 16 PAEs were determined in yellow rice wine using magnetic solid-phase extraction coupled with gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks of PAEs were evaluated using the health risk models proposed by United States Environmental Protection Agency.@*Results@#A total of 75 yellow rice wine samples were collected, and 44 samples were detected with PAEs contamination (58.67%). Dimethyl phthalate (DMP), di-isobutyl phthalate (DIBP) and di-butyl phthalate (DBP) were detected, and there were 17 samples (22.67%) detected with DBP overdose (DMP and DIBP had no limit standard). DMP, DBP and DIBP, which were not classified as Class 2B and higher carcinogens by WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer, had no definitive carcinogenic risks. Under mean PAEs, the five types of yellow rice wine all had no carcinogenic risks. Under 75% percentile of PAEs concentrations, the DBP in beverage wine with plastic packaging had a carcinogenic risk score of 1.207 5, with a gross carcinogenic risk score of 1.207 5. Under the maximum PAEs concentration, the ross carcinogenic risk scores of cooking wine with plastic packaging, beverage wine with plastic packaging, beverage wine with glass bottle packaging, and beverage wine with jar packaging were 2.751 0, 2.782 0, 1.298 2 and 2.944 0, presenting non-carcinogenic risks.@*Conclusion@#There is PAEs contamination in market-available yellow rice wine in Huzhou City, and no carcinogenic risk is evaluated. Non-carcinogenic health risk requires to be given a high priority.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 65-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965580

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To analyse the level of measles antibody and serological susceptibility of the enterprise employees in Jin⁃ shan District,Shanghai in 2019,to provide references for measles prevention and control of enterprise employees. Methods A total of 1 796 employees were selected from 6 enterprises in Jinshan District by using a stratified random sampling method,of which serum samples from intravenous blood were collected and determined for IgG antibody level of measles by ELISA. Geo⁃ metric mean concentration(GMC)of measles IgG antibody,antibody positive rate and antibody protection rate were calculated and the susceptibility factors of measles in enterprise employees were analyzed by using the unconditional multivariate Logistic regression model. Results The GMC of measles antibody in 1 796 monitoring objects was 639. 71 mIU/mL,the positive rate was 87. 58% and the protection rate was 29. 06%. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio(OR)of measles susceptibility was 1. 55(95% CI:1. 14 ~ 2. 12)in native subjects compared with non⁃resident subjects,while 2. 35 (95% CI:1. 35 ~ 4. 08)in subjects aged 40 ~ 49 years compared with those aged ≥ 50 years. Conclusion In 2019,the measles antibody level of enterprise employees in Jinshan District of Shanghai was low,and people aged 40 ~ 49,especially the nativeadults,wereathighriskofsusceptibilitytomeasles. Supplementaryimmunizationwithmeaslesvaccineshouldbecarried out for high⁃risk enterprise employees to reduce the risk of measles infection and control the epidemic situation of measles.

6.
Indian J Cancer ; 2022 Mar; 59(1): 26-32
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221685

ABSTRACT

Background: This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy and the side effects of different endostar administration methods in patients with advanced malignancy who underwent second-line chemotherapy. Methods: 98 patients with advanced malignancies were divided into 2 groups based on the delivery methods of endostar, including drip intravenous administration of endostar (DE) group and continuous intravenous administration of endostar (CE) group. Response rate (RR), disease control rate (DCR), and quality of life (QOL) of the patients were examined to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, and toxicity reactions were analyzed to evaluate the adverse effects. Results: Compared with the DE group, the therapeutic efficacy of CE has been slightly improved, but the difference did not reach statistical significance (P > 0.05). Additionally, no different incidence rate was observed in toxic reactions, including leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and hepatic function damage, between the DE and CE groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, no significant difference was observed between the traditional intravenous drip of endostar group and the intravenous drip followed by continuous pumping of endostar group in the patients with advanced malignancies.

7.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Jan; 70(1): 85-89
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224118

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To identify a clinical and genetic form of a large Chinese family with an autosomal?dominant lattice corneal dystrophy type I (LCD I). Methods: The patients’ eyes were examined on the basis of slit?lamp microscopy, and other clinical records were also collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral leukocytes of the affected patients and their unaffected family members. Each previous reported mutation of the transforming growth factor ??induced gene (TGFBI) gene was amplified by touch?down polymerase chain reaction and directly sequenced to verify the disease?causing mutation. Results: Typical clinical features of LCD I were found by slit?lamp photography in these affected Chinese pedigrees. A heterozygous single base?pair transition from C to T (c.418 C > T), leading to amino acid substitution Arg124Cys (R124C) in the encoded TGFBI protein, was detected in all of the eighteen affected patients. The same mutation was not found in unaffected family members. Conclusion: The R124C mutation hot spot, which was relatively rare in China, was responsible for LCD I in the large family. Molecular genetic analysis of TGFBI gene can offer an accurate diagnosis of patients with lattice corneal dystrophies in the clinical treatment.

8.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 178-188, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974074

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To predict the molecular mechanism of Dihuang (Rehmanniae Radix) in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN) complicated with depression based on network pharmacology. Methods The components of Dihuang (Rehmanniae Radix) were identified from the Integrated Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP), Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and relevant literature. The component targets were detected by combining the SwissTargetPrediction and PubChem databases. Disease targets were collected from the Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), DisGeNET, and Ensembl databases with “diabetic nephropathy” and “depression” as keywords. The disease-component targets were mapped using Venny 2.1.0 to obtain potential targets. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING) database and Cytoscape 3.7.2. The co-expression genes of the key targets were collected based on the COXPRESdb 7.3. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were performed for potential targets using R language. Target-component docking was verified and evaluated using Discovery Studio 4.5. Results According to the databases and literature reports, Dihuang (Rehmanniae Radix) contained 65 active components, and had 155 related targets for the treatment of DN complicated with depression. PPI screening showed that the key targets included serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (AKT1), signal transducer and activator transcription 3 (STAT3), interleukin 6 (IL-6), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), etc. GO enrichment analysis mainly involved biological processes, such as lipid metabolism, protein secretion regulation, cell homeostasis, and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase activity. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis included the role of the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complements, insulin resistance (IR), neurotrophin signal path, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, relaxin signaling pathway, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), etc. Molecular docking showed that the target had high affinity for stachyose, manninotriose, verbascose, nigerose, etc. Conclusion Based on network parmacology, this study preliminarily predict the effects of Dihuang (Rehmanniae Radix) in treating DN complicated with depression by regulating inflammation, glucose metabolism, nution nerve, etc.

9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1167-1171, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346968

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To explore the values of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) combined with shear wave elastography (SWE) in the differential diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancers (HER2+BC). METHODS In this study, 28 patients with TNBC and 32 patients with HER2+BC were enrolled. The characteristics of ABVS and virtual touch quantification (VTQ) in SWE of all patients were reviewed. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out and the receiver operating characteristic curves of ABVS and ABVS+VTQ were drawn. RESULTS In ABVS imaging, the microcalcification, posterior echo, internal echo, shape, and edge had significant difference between TNBC and HER2+BC groups (p<0.05). The regular shape was the independent factor for TNBC (p=0.04, odds ratio [OR]=4.479), and the microcalcification in mass was the independent factor for HER2+BC (p=0.01, OR=2.997). In VTQ imaging, the shear wave velocity (SWV)max, SWVmin, and SWVmean in TNBC group were significantly lower than those in HER2+BC group (p<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ABVS+VTQ in diagnosing TNBC were higher than those of ABVS alone. CONCLUSIONS ABVS combined with SWE has certain advantages in differentiating TNBC from HER2+BC, which is helpful for the treatment planning and prognosis judgment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Breast , ROC Curve , Receptor, ErbB-2
10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 40-49, May. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343322

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Scavenger receptor class B (SRB) is a multifunctional protein in animals that participates in physiological processes, including recognition of a wide range of ligands. Astaxanthin is a major carotenoid found in shrimp. However, the molecular mechanism of astaxanthin and SRB protein binding has not been reported. RESULTS: In the present study, a member of the SRB subfamily, named PmSRB, was identified from the transcriptome of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). The open reading frame of PmSRB was 1557 bp in length and encoded 518 amino acids. The structure of PmSRB included a putative transmembrane structure at the N-terminal region and a CD36 domain. Multiple sequence alignment indicated that the CD36 domain were conserved. Phylogenetic analysis showed four separate branches (SRA, SRB, SRC, and croquemort) in the phylogenetic tree and that PmSRB was clustered with SRB of Eriocheir sinensis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the PmSRB gene was widely expressed in all tissues tested, with the highest expression level observed in the lymphoid organ and brain. Subcellular localization analysis revealed that PmSRB-GFP (green fluorescent protein) fusion proteins were predominantly localized in the cell membrane. The recombinant proteins of PmSRB showed binding activities against astaxanthin in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: PmSRB was identified and characterized in this study. It is firstly reported that PmSRB may take as an important mediator of astaxanthin uptake in shrimp.


Subject(s)
Animals , Penaeidae , Receptors, Scavenger/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Blotting, Western , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Sequence Alignment , Xanthophylls , Receptors, Scavenger/isolation & purification , Receptors, Scavenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Transcriptome
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1596-1600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904616

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#There are four typical potential protective and risk factors in the context of campus bullying:social support, role choice of bystander, moral disengagement, and ethnic/racial differences. Adolescent victims of bullying can improve their mental health by obtaining different social support to maintain their sense of self worth. The role selection of bystander should consider both the psychological factors of social information processing theory and the situational evaluation factors of transactional model of appraisal and coping. Moral disengagement is the cognitive distortion mechanism that leads to individual bullying behavior. Ethnic/Racial differences seem to have less impact on bullying in Chinese schools. Future research should consider the influence of frequency and intensity of bullying and being bullied, attach importance to the collection and analysis of multi party data, interpret the results of cross sectional and longitudinal studies in conjunction, explore the construction of an integrated model of the impact of multiple factors on bullying, and further verify and explore the possible causal relationship in the situation of campus bullying.

12.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 711-715, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881381

ABSTRACT

@#Mandibular defects in adolescents are mostly caused by surgical resection of benign and malignant tumors, trauma and jaw inflammation. The reconstruction of mandibular defects in adolescents is challenging. In addition to solving the problem of jaw reconstruction in adults, some clinical factors, including the influence of surgery on the growth of donor and recipient areas, the long-term effects of reconstruction, and the outcome of bone grafts, must also be considered. At present, the main reconstructive methods include autogenous bone grafts and distraction osteogenesis. Autogenous bone grafts are still the gold standard due to their long-term effects. Favorable growth potential after repair was shown in adolescent cases of mandibular reconstruction with fibula flap. Normal occlusion was restored, and a long-term stable effect was achieved in cases of condylar reconstruction with costal cartilage. The safety and clinical effects of distraction osteogenesis have been confirmed, but the long-term effects of large-scale mandibular defects are still uncertain. In addition, other tissue engineering techniques also have good application prospects for the repair and reconstruction of adolescent mandible defects, but more in-depth basic research and more extensive clinical trials should be performed to verify the efficacy.

13.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249173

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a serious health problem worldwide; it is characterized by a group of metabolic disorders, including central obesity, insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia with accelerated atherosclerosis, hypertension, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and elevated uric acid with increased risk of gout. The incidence of MS has increased considerably in recent decades and has attracted considerable attention. A number of clinical and translational laboratory studies have implicated the activation of nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in the development of MS, therefore establishing a strong link between chronic inflammation and metabolic diseases. This paper aims to review new developments on NLRP3 inflammasome in MS for better understanding of chronic inflammation in metabolic diseases. We will also provide new insights into using NLRP3 inflammasome as an innovative therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Inflammasomes/pharmacology , Metabolic Diseases/pathology , Uric Acid/adverse effects , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Metabolic Syndrome/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/pathology , Atherosclerosis/pathology , Obesity, Abdominal/pathology , Hypertension/pathology
14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 345-347, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the joint effect of school and family tobacco control on middle school students, and to explore its effectiveness in reducing second-hand smoke exposure in middle school students’ families, as so asto provide a new way of thinking for controlling smoking among middle school sudents.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted on the study of 2 125 primary and high school students in four middle schools in the Dongcheng District of Beijing by means of a stratified group sampling method. Personal information of students, tobacco control environment around the family, school and surrounding ares, as well as the knowledge, attitude and behavior of students related to tobacco control was collected.@*Results@#The exposure rate of second-hand smoke in the families of middle and high school students in Dongcheng District of Beijing was 33.41%. Smoking by at least one parent was positively correlated with second-hand smoke exposure in the student’s home (OR=22.88, P<0.05). Among the students who saw the "clear no-smoking label" on campus, the exposure rate (4.92%) when the smoking restriction was set on the home was lower than that of those who did not have a regulation in the home (58.94%) (χ2=452.57, P<0.01). The results of Logistic regression showed that there was a combination of family smoking restrictions and second-hand smoke exposure in middle and high school students who had seen the smoking ban on campus (OR=0.08) and had the school’s tobacco control education (OR=0.08).@*Conclusion@#The joint tobacco control measures between school and family can effectively reduce the exposure rate of second-hand smoke in middle school students’ families, which is better than the effect of tobacco control alone.

15.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Jan; 15(1): 120-125
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213511

ABSTRACT

Aim of Study: This study is to investigate the effects of a novel peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α/γ dual agonist TZD18 on cell growth, apoptosis, caspase activity, mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release, and apoptotic-related protein expression in MKN-45 cells. Materials and Methods: 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay against various human cancer cell lines was performed to investigate the whether TZD18 could in reduce the proliferation rates of cancer cells. The percentages of apoptotic cells and mitochondrial membrane potential level were determined by flow cytometry. The subcellular localization of cytochrome c was examined by immunofluorescence microscopy. Western blotting assay was performed to reveal the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Results: The results showed that the administration of TZD18 could inhibit the growth of MKN-45 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, the apoptotic ratio increased sharply along with a significant increase of caspase activities, mitochondrial membrane potential, and cytochrome c release following TZD18 exposure. The expression of Bax and p27kip1 increased significantly, whereas the expression level of Bcl-2 protein was downregulated. Conclusion: These results indicated that the administration of PPAR α/γ agonist TZD18 may inhibit cell growth by inducing the apoptotic process in MKN-45 cells

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1085-1089, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799905

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical efficacy of plate fixation via the lateral transverse incisions and double-window approaches for the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 21 intra-articular calcaneal fractures (22 feet) which had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital to Anhui Medical University from May 2014 to April 2016. There were 19 males and 2 females, aged from 20 to 60 years (average, 38.3 years). The fracture affected 13 left feet and 9 right feet. According to the Sanders classification, 10 feet were type Ⅱ, 11 type Ⅲ and one type Ⅳ. They were treated by plate fixation via the lateral transverse incisions and double-window approaches. Early complications within 3 months after operation, the length, width, height, Böhler angle and Gissane angle of the calcaneus one year after operation, functional recovery of the affected feet at the last follow-up, and complications were recorded.@*Results@#The 21 patients were followed up for 21 to 44 months (mean, 36.7 months). Incisions were all healed at the first postoperative stage with no serious skin or soft tissue complications like superficial infection, deep infection or wound dehiscence. At the early stage, one patient suffered epidermal necrosis at the margin of incision, which was cured after dressing change. None of the patients developed subtalar arthritis by the last follow-up. The preoperative length, width, height, Böhler angle and Gissane angle of the calcaneus (respectively, 68.6±1.2 mm, 46.7±0.8 mm, 39.1±2.0 mm, 5.4°±12.1° and 104.3°±10.2°) were significantly improved to 71.7±1.6 mm, 48.8±2.0 mm, 32.8±1.3 mm, 29.2°±6.8°, and 120.8°±6.2° one year after operation(P<0.05). At the last follow-up, their AOFAS ankle-hind foot scores averaged 92.7 points (from 73 to 98 points); 17 feet were rated as excellent, 3 as good and 2 as moderate, giving an excellent and good rate of 90.1%.@*Conclusion@#Plate fixation via the lateral transverse incisions and double-window approaches can reduce incidences of postoperative soft tissue complications and subtalar arthritis, leading to good clinical results in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 146-151, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792957

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To investigate whether GSDME affects the sensitivity of breast cancer MCF-7 cells to paclitaxel (PTX) by regulating cell pyroptosis. Methods: GSDME was knocked-down in MCF-7 cells by RNA interference technique. CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry,lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release method and Wb were respectively used to detect cell proliferation, pyroptotic rate, LDH release, GSDME-N-terminal protein and cleaved-caspase-3 protein levels in PTX-treated MCF-7 cells before and after GSDME knockdown. Results: Compared with the control group, the pyroptotic rate, LDH release, GSDME-N-terminal protein and cleaved-caspase-3 protein levels in the PTX-treatment group significantly increased (all P<0.01). Compared with the si-NC group, the PTX-sensitivity of si-GSDME group decreased, and the pyroptotic rate, LDH release and GSDME-N-terminal protein all significantly decreased (all P< 0.01). Conclusion: Knock-down of GSDME in MCF-7 cells significantly inhibited cell pyroptosis and reduced drug sensitivity of MCF7 cells to PTX.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1085-1089, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824427

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of plate fixation via the lateral transverse incisions and double-window approaches for the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 21 intra-articular calcaneal fractures (22 feet) which had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics,The Second Affiliated Hospital to Anhui Medical University from May 2014 to April 2016.There were 19 males and 2 females,aged from 20 to 60 years (average,38.3 years).The fracture affected 13 left feet and 9 right feet.According to the Sanders classification,10 feet were type Ⅱ,11 type Ⅲ and one type Ⅳ.They were treated by plate fixation via the lateral transverse incisions and double-window approaches.Early complications within 3 months after operation,the length,width,height,B(o)hler angle and Gissane angle of the calcaneus one year after operation,functional recovery of the affected feet at the last follow-up,and complications were recorded.Results The 21 patients were followed up for 21 to 44 months (mean,36.7 months).Incisions were all healed at the first postoperative stage with no serious skin or sofi tissue complications like superficial infection,deep infection or wound dehiscence.At the early stage,one patient suffered epidermal necrosis at the margin of incision,which was cured after dressing change.None of the patients developed subtalar arthritis by the last follow-up.The preoperative length,width,height,B(o)hler angle and Gissane angle of the calcaneus (respectively,68.6 ± 1.2 mm,46.7 ± 0.8 mm,39.1 ± 2.0 mm,5.4° ± 12.1° and 104.3°± 10.2°) were significantly improved to 71.7 ± 1.6 mm,48.8 ±2.0 mm,32.8 ± 1.3 mm,29.2° ± 6.8°,and 120.8° ± 6.2° one year after operation(P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,their AOFAS ankle-hind foot scores averaged 92.7 points (from 73 to 98 points);17 feet were rated as excellent,3 as good and 2 as moderate,giving an excellent and good rate of 90.1%.Conclusion Plate fixation via the lateral transverse incisions and double-window approaches can reduce incidences of postoperative soft tissue complications and subtalar arthritis,leading to good clinical results in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.

19.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 193-199, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804550

ABSTRACT

@#A novel method was developed for the content assay and related substances determination of neomycin sulfate by high performance liquid chromatography combined with pulsed amperometric detection(HPLC-PAD). The HPLC was performed on Thermo AcclaimTMAmG C18(4. 6 mm×150 mm, 3 μm). The mobile phase consisted of aqueous solution with 2% trifluoroacetic acid containing 0. 01% pentafluoropropionic acid and 0. 6%NaOH. The pulsed amperometric detector was operated with aquadruple-potential waveform for the detection. Neomycin B, Neomycin C and thirteen related substances were adequately separated by the established HPLC conditions. The limits of detection(LOD)and quantification(LOQ)of neomycin B and neomycin C were both 1. 75 ng and 3. 5 ng, respectively. Good linearities of neomycin B and neomycin C were found in their respective ranges which their correlation coefficients were greater than 0. 998 5. The established method is characterized by high specificity, sensitivity and wide range of linearity which has a good application prospect and provides the basis for improving the standard and quality control of neomycin sulfate.

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