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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 308-318, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430503

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Gastrin plays a vital role in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). Its expression is up-regulated in GC tissues and several GC cell lines. Yet, the underlying mechanism remains to be investigated. Here, we aim to investigate the role and mechanism of gastrin in GC proliferation. Gastrin-overexpressing GC cell model was constructed using SGC7901 cells. Then the differentially expressed proteins were identified by iTRAQ analysis. Next, we use flow cytometry and immunofluorescence to study the effect of gastrin on the mitochondrial potential and mitochondria-derived ROS production. Finally, we studied the underlying mechanism of gastrin regulating mitochondrial function using Co-IP, mass spectrometry and immunofluorescence. Overexpression of gastrin promoted GC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. A total of 173 proteins were expressed differently between the controls and gastrin- overexpression cells and most of these proteins were involved in tumorigenesis and cell proliferation. Among them, Cox17, Cox5B and ATP5J that were all localized to the mitochondrial respiratory chain were down-regulated in gastrin-overexpression cells. Furthermore, gastrin overexpression led to mitochondrial potential decrease and mitochondria-derived ROS increase. Additionally, gastrin-induced ROS generation resulted in the inhibition of cell apoptosis via activating NF-kB, inhibiting Bax expression and promoting Bcl-2 expression. Finally, we found gastrin interacted with mitochondrial membrane protein Annexin A2 using Co-IP and mass spectrometry. Overexpr ession of gastrin inhibits GC cell apoptosis by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction through interacting with mitochondrial protein Annexin A2, then up-regulating ROS production to activate NF-kB and further leading to Bax/Bcl-2 ratio decrease.


La gastrina juega un papel vital en el desarrollo y progresión del cáncer gástrico (CG). Su expresión está regulada al alza en tejidos de CG y en varias líneas celulares de CG. Sin embargo, el mecanismo subyacente aun no se ha investigado. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el papel y el mecanismo de la gastrina en la proliferación de CG. El modelo de células CG que sobre expresan gastrina se construyó usando células SGC7901. Luego, las proteínas expresadas diferencialmente se identificaron mediante análisis iTRAQ. A continuación, utilizamos la citometría de flujo y la inmunofluorescencia para estudiar el efecto de la gastrina en el potencial mitocondrial y la producción de ROS derivada de las mitocondrias. Finalmente, estudiamos el mecanismo subyacente de la gastrina que regula la función mitocondrial utilizando Co-IP, espectrometría de masas e inmunofluorescencia. La sobreexpresión de gastrina promovió la proliferación de células CG in vitro e in vivo. Un total de 173 proteínas se expresaron de manera diferente entre los controles y las células con sobreexpresión de gastrina y la mayoría de estas proteínas estaban implicadas en la tumorigenesis y la proliferación celular. Entre estas, Cox17, Cox5B y ATP5J, todas localizadas en la cadena respiratoria mitocondrial, estaban reguladas a la baja en las células con sobreexpresión de gastrina. Además, la sobreexpresión de gastrina provocó una disminución del potencial mitocondrial y un aumento de las ROS derivadas de las mitocondrias. Por otra parte, la generación de ROS inducida por gastrina resultó en la inhibición de la apoptosis celular mediante la activación de NF-kB, inhibiendo la expresión de Bax y promoviendo la expresión de Bcl-2. Finalmente, encontramos que la gastrina interactuaba con la proteína de membrana mitocondrial Anexina A2 usando Co-IP y espectrometría de masas. La sobreexpresión de gastrina inhibe la apoptosis de las células CG al inducir la disfunción mitocondrial a través de la interacción con la proteína mitocondrial Anexina A2, luego regula el aumento de la producción de ROS para activar NF-kB y conduce aún más a la disminución de la relación Bax/Bcl-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrins/metabolism , Annexin A2/metabolism , Mitochondria/pathology , Mass Spectrometry , NF-kappa B , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Immunoprecipitation , Cell Proliferation , Carcinogenesis , Flow Cytometry
2.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 807-812, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987084

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the clinical application value of reflectance confocal microscopy(RCM) in the diagnosis of actinic cheilitis(AC).@*Methods@#After approval by the hospital ethics committee and informed consent given by the patients, from October 2020 to July 2022, 17 patients who were diagnosed with actinic cheilitis in the Ninth People's Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The white keratotic lesions of the lips were scanned with reflectance confocal microscopy, and the image characteristics were summarized and analyzed, including epithelial hyperplasia/atrophy, hyperkeratosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, blood vessel dilatation, solar elastosis, atypical keratinocytes, widening of intercellular spaces, degeneration of basal cell layer, and pigmentation. We used the sample compliance rate to measure the correlation between RCM parameters and histopathological diagnostic criteria for AC and kappa concordance analysis to calculate the concordance between RCM and pathological diagnosis. @* Results@# Under RCM, the sample correct rates for epithelial hyperplasia/atrophy, hyperkeratosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, vasodilation, and solar elastosis were 76.5%, 100%, 100%, 64.7%, and 70.6%, the sample accuracy compared with pathological diagnosis was 82.4%, 47.1%, 94.1%, 88.2% and 76.5%, respectively. We also observed that 100%, 88.2%, 76.5%, and 88.2% of AC patients showed RCM features of atypical keratinocytes, widening of intercellular spaces, degeneration of the basal cell layer, and pigmentation, respectively. The kappa value of hyperkeratosis and inflammatory cell infiltration was 1. The kappa value of blood vessel dilatation was 0.645. @* Conclusion @#Reflectance confocal microscopy is noninvasive and versatile and has clinical application value in the diagnosis of actinic cheilitis.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0311, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407645

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anaerobic exercise is a critical factor in swimming training. Coaches who monitor an athlete's anaerobic capacity can use this tool to improve competitive performance. Objective: Analyze the effect of the anaerobic function test on swimmers' training. Methods: We examined the anaerobic exercise capacity of swimmers the relationship between human body composition and anaerobic work capacity. For this purpose, 14 swimmers were selected by random sampling. Individual anaerobic threshold, serum testosterone and serum cortisol of the athletes at different periods were measured. Results: Individual anaerobic thresholds were significantly lower in male and female athletes after training. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The plasma testosterone/cortisol content of female swimmers after six weeks of anaerobic endurance training was significantly lower than the pre-training mean (P<0.05). After six weeks of anaerobic endurance training, the plasma testosterone/cortisol content of the male swimmers was lower than that of the standard group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The swimmers' bodies were impacted after anaerobic endurance training. The importance of attention by the coach to consider the differences between male and female athletes when conducting dedicated anaerobic threshold training is emphasized. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies-investigating treatment outcomes .


RESUMO Introdução: O exercício anaeróbico é um fator crítico no treinamento de natação. Os treinadores que monitoram a capacidade anaeróbica de um atleta podem utilizar essa ferramenta para melhorar o desempenho competitivo. Objetivo: Analisar o efeito do teste de função anaeróbica sobre o treinamento dos nadadores. Métodos: Examinou-se a capacidade de exercício anaeróbico dos nadadores, a relação entre a composição do corpo humano e a capacidade de trabalho anaeróbico. Para isso, foram selecionados 14 nadadores por amostragem aleatória. Foram mensurados o limiar anaeróbico individual, testosterona sérica e cortisol sérico dos atletas em diferentes períodos. Resultados: Os limiares anaeróbicos individuais foram significativamente menores em atletas do sexo masculino e feminino após o treinamento. A diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (P<0,05). O conteúdo de testosterona/cortisol plasmático das nadadoras após seis semanas de treinamento anaeróbico de resistência foi significativamente menor do que a média de pré-treinamento (P<0,05). Após seis semanas de treinamento de resistência anaeróbica, o conteúdo de testosterona/cortisol plasmático dos nadadores masculinos era menor do que o do grupo padrão (P<0,05). Conclusão: Os corpos dos nadadores foram impactados após o treinamento de resistência anaeróbica. Ressalta-se a importância da atenção pelo treinador em considerar as diferenças entre os atletas masculinos e femininos quando realizar um treinamento do limiar anaeróbico dedicado. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento .


RESUMEN Introducción: El ejercicio anaeróbico es un factor crítico en el entrenamiento de la natación. Los entrenadores que controlan la capacidad anaeróbica de un atleta pueden utilizar esta herramienta para mejorar el rendimiento competitivo. Objetivo: Analizar el efecto de la prueba de función anaeróbica en el entrenamiento de los nadadores. Métodos: Examinamos la capacidad de ejercicio anaeróbico de los nadadores, la relación entre la composición corporal humana y la capacidad de trabajo anaeróbico. Para ello, se seleccionaron 14 nadadores por muestreo aleatorio. Se midieron el umbral anaeróbico individual, la testosterona sérica y el cortisol sérico de los atletas en diferentes períodos. Resultados: Resultados: Los umbrales anaeróbicos individuales fueron significativamente más bajos en los atletas masculinos y femeninos después del entrenamiento. La diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P<0,05). El contenido de testosterona/cortisol en plasma de las nadadoras después de seis semanas de entrenamiento de resistencia anaeróbica fue significativamente inferior a la media previa al entrenamiento (P<0,05). Después de seis semanas de entrenamiento de resistencia anaeróbica, el contenido de testosterona/cortisol en plasma de los nadadores masculinos fue inferior al del grupo estándar (P<0,05). Conclusión: Los cuerpos de los nadadores sufrieron un impacto después del entrenamiento de resistencia anaeróbica. Se destaca la importancia de que el entrenador tenga en cuenta las diferencias entre los atletas masculinos y femeninos a la hora de realizar un entrenamiento dedicado al umbral anaeróbico. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento .

4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1090-1095, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124900

ABSTRACT

Thoracic disc herniation (TDH) has high technical difficulty and serious complications, and the clinical anatomy of thoracic intervertebral foramen is less. Collecting 10 adult male cadavers, measuring the longitudinal diameter of the dorsal root ganglion (D1), the transverse diameter of the dorsal root ganglion (D2), horizontal sagittal diameter of the upper edge of the intervertebral disc (S1), the high of intervertebral foramen (H1), the height of articulationes costovertebrales (H2), the height of intervertebral disk (H3), the angel of the dorsal root ganglion (a). The aim of this study is to explore the safe area of middle and lower thoracic section and provide anatomical basis for the selection of operative cannula. Mastering the certain rules of the anatomical structure of the middle and lower thoracic segments, and referring to the above parameters in clinical, is conducive to the selection of the working casing during surgery.


La hernia de disco torácico (TDH) tiene una alta dificultad técnica y complicaciones graves, y la anatomía clínica del agujero intervertebral torácico es menor. Recolectando 10 cadáveres machos adultos, midiendo el diámetro longitudinal del ganglio de la raíz dorsal (D1), el diámetro transversal del ganglio de la raíz dorsal (D2), el diámetro sagital horizontal del borde superior del disco intervertebral (S1), el colmo del intervertebral agujero (H1), la altura de las articulaciones costovertebrales (H2), la altura del disco intervertebral (H3), el ángel del ganglio de la raíz dorsal (α). El objetivo de este estudio es explorar el área segura de la sección torácica media y baja y proporcionar una base anatómica para la selección de la cánula operatoria. Dominar ciertas reglas de la estructura anatómica de los segmentos torácicos medio e inferior, y referirse a los parámetros anteriores en clínica, es propicio para la selección de la carcasa de trabajo durante la cirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Vertebrae/anatomy & histology , Intervertebral Disc/anatomy & histology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Cadaver
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 415-422, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056456

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the sagittal spinal-pelvic morphological changes, as well as the relationship between pelvic anatomical changes and the spinal-pelvic plane in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), in order to provide guidelines for orthopedic surgery in AIS. X-ray data were collected for retrospective analysis from 30 patients diagnosed as AIS in the Departments of Radiology at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University and the Inner Mongolia International Mongolian Medical Hospital from April 2014 to November 2018, along with 30 normal adolescents as control. Pelvic parameters, including pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), and sacral slope (SS), a spinal parameter, lumbar lordosis (LL), and anatomical parameters, including sacral width (SW) and femoral head- sacrum distance (FH-S), were measured. The spinal-pelvic parameters were compared between AIS patients and normal controls and also between male and female AIS patients. Pearson correlation was performed to analyze correlation between spinal-pelvic parameters and between spinal-pelvic parameters and anatomical parameters in both AIS patients and normal controls. PT was significantly lower in AIS patients than in normal controls (P < 0.05), whereas no significant difference was found in the other spinal-pelvic parameters, i. e. , LL, PI, and SS. There was a significant difference in PT between sexes in AIS patients. SS was significantly correlated with LL in EIA patients (P < 0.05, r > 0.5). SS was significantly correlated with LL and PI, and PT with LL, PI, and SS in normal controls (all P < 0.05), and there was no significant correlation between the other sagittal spinal-pelvic parameters (P > 0.05). FH-S was significantly correlated with LL, PI, SS, and PT in AIS patients (all P < 0.05). AIS affects some of the sagittal spinalpelvic parameters and anatomical parameters. In AIS, there is a significant correlation between the spinal-pelvic parameters, and the anatomical parameter is significantly correlated with multiple spinal-pelvic parameters.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los cambios morfológicos sagitales de la columna vertebral-pélvica, así como la relación entre los cambios anatómicos pélvicos y el plano espinal-pélvico en pacientes con escoliosis idiopática adolescente (EIA), con el fin de proporcionar pautas para la cirugía ortopédica en AIS. Se obtuvieron los datos de rayos X para el análisis retrospectivo de 30 pacientes diagnosticados como EIA en los Departamentos de Radiología del hospital Second Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University y el hospital Inner Mongolia International Mongolian Medical Hospital, desde abril de 2014 hasta noviembre del 2018, junto con 30 adolescentes normales como control. Se midieron los parámetros pélvicos, que incluyeron incidencia pélvica (IP), inclinación pélvica (P) y pendiente sacra (PS), un parámetro espinal, lordosis lumbar (LL) y parámetros anatómicos, que incluyeron el ancho sacro (AS) y la distancia del sacro cabeza femoral (FH-S). Los parámetros espinalpélvicos se compararon entre los pacientes con EIA y los controles normales, como también entre pacientes con EIA masculinos y femeninos. La correlación de Pearson se realizó para analizar la correlación entre los parámetros espinal-pélvicos y entre los parámetros espinal-pélvicos y los parámetros anatómicos tanto en pacientes con EIA como en controles normales. PT fue significativamente menor en pacientes con EIA que en los controles normales (P <0,05), mientras que no se encontraron diferencias significativas en los otros parámetros espinal-pélvicos, i. mi. , LL, PI y SS. Hubo una diferencia significativa en PT en pacientes de ambos sexos con EIA. SS se correlacionó significativamente con LL en pacientes con EIA (P <0,05, r> 0,5). SS se correlacionó significativamente con LL y PI, y PT con LL, PI y SS en controles normales (todos P <0,05), y no hubo correlación significativa entre los otros parámetros sagitales de la columna vertebral-pélvica (P> 0,05) FH-S se correlacionó significativamente con LL, PI, SS y PT en pacientes con EIA (todos P <0,05). EIA afecta algunos de los parámetros sagitales de la columna vertebral-pélvica y los parámetros anatómicos. En EIA, existe una correlación significativa entre los parámetros espinal-pélvicos, y el parámetro anatómico se correlaciona significativamente con múltiples parámetros espinales-pélvicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Pelvic Bones/anatomy & histology , Scoliosis/pathology , Spine/anatomy & histology
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 477-480, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056465

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to examine the differences in bone microarchitecture between different regions of the atlas in 28 dry atlas specimens using micro-CT, in order to explain the mechanism of the predilection sites of atlas fractures from the morphological point of view. A total of 28 dry specimens of intact adult atlas were randomly selected, scanned by micro-CT, and divided into a region from the anterior arch midpoint (AAM) to the lateral masses (LM), a LM region, and a region from the LM to the posterior arch midpoint (PAM). Trabecular thickness, separation, number, connectivity, and structure model index were measured for each of the three regions using the built-in software of the CT scanner. Trabecular thickness was all measured to be 0.11 ± 0.00 mm for AAM to LM, LM, and LM to PAM. Trabecular separation: AAM to LM > LM to PAM > LM. Trabecular number: LM > LM to PAM > AAM to LM. Connectivity: LM > LM to PAM > AAM to LM. Structure model index: LM > LM to PAM > AAM to LM. A lower trabecular number and connectivity and higher trabecular separation were seen in the anterior and posterior arches of the atlas, in which higher fracture rates were reported. By contrast, a higher trabecular number and connectivity and lower trabecular separation were seen in the lateral masses, in which lower fracture rates were reported.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo examinar las diferencias en la microarquitectura ósea entre diferentes regiones del atlas en 28 muestras de atlas secas utilizando micro-CT, con el fin de informar el área de mayor frecuencia en las fracturas de atlas, desde el punto de vista morfológico. Se seleccionaron al azar un total de 28 muestras secas de atlas adultos intactas las que se escanearon por micro-CT y se dividieron en una región desde el punto medio del arco anterior (MAA) hasta las masas laterales (ML), una región ML y una región desde el ML hasta el punto medio del arco posterior (MAP). Se midió el grosor trabecular, la separación, el número, la conectividad y el índice del modelo de estructura para cada una de las tres regiones utilizando el software incorporado del escáner CT. El grosor trabecular se midió en 0,11 ± 0,00 mm para MAA a ML, ML y ML a MAP. Separación trabecular: MAA a ML> ML a MAP> ML. Número trabecular: ML> ML a MAP> MAA a ML. Conectividad: ML> ML a MAP> MAA a ML. Índice del modelo de estructura: ML> ML a MAP> MAA a ML. Se observó un menor número de estructuras trabeculares y conectividad y una mayor separación trabecular en los arcos anterior y posterior del atlas, en los que se informaron tasas de fracturas más altas. Por el contrario, se observó un mayor número de estructuras trabeculares y conectividad, y una menor separación trabecular en las masas laterales, en las que se observó un número menor de fracturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cervical Atlas/diagnostic imaging , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , Cervical Atlas/anatomy & histology
7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1193-1196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825084

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand neglect and its associated factors among migrant middle school students in Tianjin, and to help them develop physically and mentally.@*Methods@#A survey of 3 666 middle school students in 10 middle schools located in migrant gathering regions was conducted. Neglect and associated factors were collected and compared between migrant and non-migrant students.@*Results@#The neglect rate of migrant middle school students in Tianjin was 45.79% and that of non-migrant students was 31.37%, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=56.25, P<0.01). The total neglect of middle school students who moved with them was (52.46±8.12) points; the neglect of boys, junior high schools, non-only children, fathers and mothers with high school education and below were significantly higher than those of girls, high schools, single children, and parents with high school education (t=3.73, 10.40, -11.36, 13.81, 15.57, P<0.01). The longer the follow-up period and the lower the family income, the higher the degree of neglect among the middle school students, and the difference was statistically significant (F=89.27, 53.48, P<0.01). Regression analysis showed that the following time (OR=3.55), whether the only child (OR=4.19) showed a positive correlation with the neglect of middle school students; family income (OR=0.71), parental education (OR=0.48, 0.25) were negatively correleted with neglect (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The neglect of middle school students in Tianjin is serious. The time of family migration, family income and parental education are important factors affecting neglect.

8.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Oct; 15(5): 1221-1225
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213513

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the differences and international connections between the human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa cells) and the Taxol-resistant HeLa cell line (HeLa/Taxol). Materials and Methods: As parental cells, HeLa cells were cultured in stepwise escalating concentration of Taxol from 0.01 μg/ml (11.7 × 10−9 mol/L) to 0.5 μg/ml (585 × 10−9 mol/L). The drug resistance of HeLa/Taxol cells was detected by methyl-thiazolyl-tetrazolium assay. Real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was conducted to detect the messenger RNA levels of drug resistance genes and apoptosis-related genes. The proteins levels were detected through immunofluorescence and Western blot. Results: Compared with parental HeLa cells, HeLa/Taxol with Taxol resistance had the following biological characteristics: first, they had a lower growth velocity; second, the expression of P-glycoprotein and glutathione S-transferases was significantly increased; Third, the expression of antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 and apoptosis inhibitor protein survivin was prominently increased. Conclusions: The drug-resistance in HeLa/Taxol is mainly associated with the high expression of multidrug resistance genes, antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, and apoptosis inhibitor protein survivin as an important reason for the failure of chemotherapy of tumor tissue

9.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1387-1390, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040142

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the micro-anatomical morphology of ossicular chain in term fetus using micro-CT, in order to analyze the parameters of internal ossicular structure that may affect sound conduction.Four ossicular chains from two term fetuses were scanned by micro-CT. The related structural parameters of the trabeculae within the incus and malleus were calculated and compared. The fine anatomical structure of the auditory ossicles was analyzed.The microstructure of each auditory ossicles in term fetuses was clearly revealed by micro-CT. A marrow cavity was observed in the incus and malleus. In statistical analysis of the structural parameters of trabeculae in the incus and malleus, significant differences were found in BS/BV and Tb.Th (P < 0.05). Micro-CT enables the visualization of internal ossicular structure. The auditory ossicles in term fetus has good bone quality. The obtained bone structure data will help to clarify the physiological functions of normal fetal auditory ossicles.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la morfología microanatómica de la cadena osicular en el feto a término con micro-CT, con el fin de analizar los parámetros de la estructura osicular interna que pueden afectar la conducción del sonido. Cuatro cadenas osiculares de dos fetos a término fueron examinadas por micro-CT. Se calcularon y compararon los parámetros estructurales relacionados de las trabéculas dentro de los incus y malleus. Se analizó la estructura anatómica fina de los osículos. Se observó claramente la microestructura de cada osículo en los fetos y la cavidad medular en el incus y el malleus. En el análisis estadístico de los parámetros estructurales de las trabéculas en el incus y el malleus, se encontraron diferencias significativas en BS / BV y Tb.Th (P <0,05). Micro-CT permite la visualización de la estructura osicular interna. Los osículos en el feto a término tienen buena calidad ósea. Los datos obtenidos de la estructura ósea ayudarán para aclarar las funciones fisiológicas de los osículos auditivos fetales normales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ear Ossicles/anatomy & histology , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , Fetus , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Cancellous Bone/anatomy & histology
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 962-969, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749848

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the risk factors and short-term clinical effect of conversion to open thoracotomy during thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer patients. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 423 lung cancer patients who were scheduled for thoracoscopic lobectomy between March 2011 and November 2015.There were 252 males and 171 females at median age of 60 (24-83) years. According to the patients who were and were not converted to thoracotomy, they were divided into a conversion group (378 patients) and a video-assisted thoracic surgery group (a VATS group, 45 patients). Then, clinical data of two groups were compared, and the risk factors and short-term clinical effect of unplanned conversions to thoracotomy were analyzed. Results    Lymph nodes of hilar or/and interlobar fissure closely adhered to adjacent vessels and bronchi was the most common cause of unexpected conversions to thoracotomy in 15 patients (33.3%), followed by sleeve lobectomy in 11(24.4%) patients, uncontrolled hemorrhage caused by intraoperative vessel injury in 8 patients, tumor invasion or extension in 5 patients, difficulty of exposing bronchi in 3 patients, close adhesion of pleural in 2 patients, incomplete interlobar fissure in 1 patient. Conversion did translate into higher overall postoperative complication rate (P=0.030), longer operation time (P<0.001), more intraoperative blood loss (P<0.001). In the univariable analysis, the type of operation, the anatomical site of lung cancer, the lymph node enlargement of hilar in CT and the low diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) were related to conversion. Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors for conversion were sleeve lobectomy (OR=5.675, 95%CI 2.310–13.944, P<0.001), the lymph node enlargement of hilar in CT (OR=3.732, 95%CI 1.347–10.341, P=0.011) and DLCO≤5.16 mmol/(min·kPa)(OR=3.665, 95%CI 1.868–7.190, P<0.001). Conclusions    Conversion to open thoracotomy during video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer does not increase mortality, and it is a measure of reducing the risk of surgery. Therefore, with high-risk patients who may conversion to thoracotomy, the surgeon should be careful selection for VATS candidate. And, if necessary, the decision to convert must be made promptly to reduce short-term adverse outcome.

11.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 686-688, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate retrospectively the effect of general anesthesia on DNA damage in the blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of surgical patients in order to provide evidence for a better nursing care during the procedure.@*METHODS@#Clinical charts of 76 patients who underwent operation under general anesthesia and 76 healthy control subjects with documented results of DNA damage extent in PBMCs from the single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) or comet assay and serum contents of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) from biochemical analyses were reviewed. The percentage of comet PBMCs and tail DNA and serum contents of SOD and MAD were analyzed by student t-test.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy control subjects, generally anesthetized surgical patients had significantly higher % comet PBMCs and % tail DNA (P <0.05) and significantly lower serum concentrations of SOD (P<0.05) and significantly higher serum concentrations of MAD (P<0.05). Compared with levels before general anesthesia in surgical patients, % comet PBMCs, % tail DNA, and serum levels of MAD were significantly higher (P<0.05 or 0.01, and serum levels of SOD were significantly lower (P<0.05, after general anesthesia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#General anesthesia during surgery causes a certain degree of hypoxia and PBMC damage. Particular attention should be paid to monitoring and maintenance of blood oxygen saturation in patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anesthetics, General , Toxicity , Comet Assay , DNA Damage , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Neoplasms , Blood , Genetics , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Superoxide Dismutase , Blood
12.
Genet. mol. biol ; 34(4): 661-668, 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-605942

ABSTRACT

The cloning, expression and purification of the glutathione (sulfur) import system ATP-binding protein (gsiA) was carried out. The coding sequence of Escherichia coli gsiA, which encodes the ATP-binding protein of a glutathione importer, was amplified by PCR, and then inserted into a prokaryotic expression vector pWaldo-GFPe harboring green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter gene. The resulting recombinant plasmid pWaldo-GFP-GsiA was transformed into various E. coli strains, and expression conditions were optimized. The effect of five E. coli expression strains on the production of the recombinant gsiA protein was evaluated. E. coli BL21 (DE3) was found to be the most productive strain for GsiA-GFP fusion-protein expression, most of which was insoluble fraction. However, results from in-gel and Western blot analysis suggested that expression of recombinant GsiA in Rosetta (DE3) provides an efficient source in soluble form. By using GFP as reporter, the most suitable host strain was conveniently obtained, whereby optimizing conditions for overexpression and purification of the proteins for further functional and structural studies, became, not only less laborious, but also time-saving.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli K12 , Gene Expression , Glutathione , Green Fluorescent Proteins
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 185-188, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression pattern of microRNAs in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with an attempt to identify the role of microRNA in the pathogenesis of SLE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SLE-related genes were searched from the published literatures. Using the microRNA target gene prediction databases, we predicted the putative microRNA targets in these SLE-related genes. For some of the corresponding microRNAs (hsa-miR-146a), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the expression levels of these microRNAs in PBMCs of SLE patients (SLE group) and healthy controls (control group).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The discrepancy of cycle threshold of hsa-miR-146a in PBMCs was significantly higher in SLE group (4.52±1.18) than in control group (2.76±1.38) (P=0.02), and the expression level of hsa-miR-146a was significantly lower in SLE group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of hsa-miR-146a decreases in SLE patients, indicating that hsa-miR-146a may play a role in the pathogenesis of SLE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Genetics , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism
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