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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904735

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application effect of a four-dimensional smile design as the leading and facial streamline as the reference system in the aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth.@*Methods@# A case of scattered space in anterior teeth was treated with a four-dimensional smile design and digital aesthetic restoration with ultrathin porcelain veneer. The digital information of the patients was obtained through oral and facial scanning, and a four-dimensional smile design and prediction were carried out. After the treatment plan was jointly determined by doctors and patients, minimally invasive abutment preparation was carried out, and ultrathin porcelain veneer was made and bonded in place. After the operation, the esthetic degree and marginal fit were observed and reexamined one year after the repair.@* Results @#The edges of the ultrathin ceramic veneers were naturally tight, and the color was coordinated, with satisfying pink and white esthetics. The face was more harmonious and natural when smiling. One year after the restoration, the facial aesthetics were wonderful, the abutment teeth and periodontal tissues were healthy, and the patients were satisfied. The results of the literature review showed that the fitting of temporal facial scanning and intraoral scanning data can accurately predict four-dimensional smile aesthetics, simulate the real state of the dynamic smile and pronunciation process, and combine it with facial streamlines to design a natural and coordinated personalized smile for patients with asymmetric faces. However, for patients with occlusal changes, unstable occlusion or temporomandibular joint disorder, it is necessary to add data fitting, such as electronic facial arch and cone beam CT, to more accurately simulate postoperative mandibular movement.@*Conclusion@# With a four-dimensional smile design as the leading and facial streamline as the reference system, the whole process digital design assisted the restoration of asymmetric anterior teeth with ultrathin porcelain veneer and had a good effect. The postoperative smiling of patients is harmonious and beautiful, which is in line with the expected effect. Patient participation and satisfaction are high; thus, this method is worthy of clinical promotion.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(6): 1191-1201, dez. 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350048

ABSTRACT

Resumo A prevalência de obesidade e insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEP) aumenta significativamente em mulheres na pós-menopausa. Embora a obesidade seja um fator de risco para disfunção diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo (DDFVE), o mecanismo que liga a interrupção da produção de hormônios ovarianos, especialmente o estrogênio, ao desenvolvimento da obesidade, DDFVE, e ICFEP em mulheres em processo de envelhecimento não é claro. Estudos clínicos e epidemiológicos demonstram que mulheres na pós-menopausa com obesidade abdominal (definida pela circunferência de cintura) têm risco maior de desenvolver a ICFEP do que homens ou mulheres sem obesidade abdominal. Este estudo analisa dados clínicos que corroboram a existência de uma ligação de mecanismo entre a perda de estrogênio mais obesidade e o remodelamento ventricular esquerdo com ICFEP. Ele também discute os possíveis mecanismos celulares e moleculares para a proteção mediada por estrogênio contra tipos de células, depósitos de tecidos, função e metabolismo de adipócitos negativos que podem contribuir para a DDFVE e a ICFEP.


Abstract The prevalence of obesity and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) increases significantly in postmenopausal women. Although obesity is a risk factor for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), the mechanisms that link the cessation of ovarian hormone production, and particularly estrogens, to the development of obesity, LVDD, and HFpEF in aging females are unclear. Clinical, and epidemiologic studies show that postmenopausal women with abdominal obesity (defined by waist circumference) are at greater risk for developing HFpEF than men or women without abdominal obesity. The study presents a review of clinical data that support a mechanistic link between estrogen loss plus obesity and left ventricular remodeling with LVDD. It also seeks to discuss potential cell and molecular mechanisms for estrogen-mediated protection against adverse adipocyte cell types, tissue depots, function, and metabolism that may contribute to LVDD and HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Heart Failure/etiology , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Estrogens , Obesity, Abdominal/complications
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1027-1036, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278332

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Apesar das evidências crescentes de que o peptídeo natriurético N-terminal pró-cérebro (NT-proBNP) tem um valor prognóstico importante em adultos mais velhos, há dados limitados sobre seu valor preditivo prognóstico. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar o significado clínico do NT-proBNP em pacientes hospitalizados com mais de 80 anos de idade em Pequim, China. Métodos Este estudo prospectivo e observacional foi conduzido em 724 pacientes muito idosos em uma enfermaria geriátrica (idade ≥80 anos, variação, 80-100 anos, média, 86,6±3,0 anos). A análise de regressão linear multivariada foi utilizada para rastrear os fatores independentemente associados ao NT-proBNP, e o modelo de regressão de risco proporcional de Cox foi utilizado para rastrear as associações entre os níveis de NT-proBNP e os principais endpoints . Os principais endpoints avaliados foram mortes por todas as causas e ECAM. Valores de p <0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados As taxas de prevalência de doença cardíaca coronariana, hipertensão e diabetes mellitus foram 81,4%, 75,1% e 41,2%, respectivamente. O nível médio de NT-proBNP foi 770±818 pg/mL. Utilizando análises de regressão linear multivariada, foram encontradas correlações entre o NT-proBNP plasmático e índice de massa corporal, fibrilação atrial, taxa de filtração glomerular estimada, diâmetro do átrio esquerdo, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, uso de betabloqueador, níveis de hemoglobina, albumina plasmática, triglicérides, creatinina sérica, e nitrogênio uréico no sangue. O risco de morte por todas as causas (HR, 1,63; IC 95%, 1,005-2,642; p = 0,04) e eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (ECAM; HR, 1,77; IC 95%, 1,289-3,531; p = 0,04) no grupo com o nível mais alto NT-proBNP foi significativamente maior do que no grupo com NT-proBNP mais baixo, de acordo com os modelos de regressão de Cox após o ajuste para vários fatores. Como esperado, os parâmetros da ecocardiografia ajustaram o valor prognóstico do NT-proBNP no modelo. Conclusões O NT-proBNP foi identificado como um preditor independente de morte por todas as causas e ECAM em pacientes hospitalizados com mais de 80 anos de idade.


Abstract Background Despite growing evidence that N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has an important prognostic value in older adults, there is limited data on its prognostic predictive value. Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical significance of NT-proBNP in hospitalized patients older than 80 years of age in Beijing, China. Methods This prospective, observational study was conducted in 724 very elderly patients in a geriatric ward (age ≥80 years, range, 80100 years, mean, 86.6 3.0 years). Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to screen for factors independently associated with NT-proBNP, and the Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to screen for relationships between NT-proBNP levels and major endpoints. The major endpoints assessed were all-cause death and MACEs. P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results The prevalence rates of coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus were 81.4%, 75.1%, and 41.2%, respectively. The mean NT-proBNP level was 770 ± 818 pg/mL. Using multivariate linear regression analyses, correlations were found between plasma NT-proBNP and body mass index, atrial fibrillation, estimated glomerular filtration rate, left atrial diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction, use of betablocker, levels of hemoglobin, plasma albumin, triglycerides, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen. The risk of all-cause death (HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.0052.642; P = 0.04) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.2893.531; P = 0.04) in the group with the highest NT-proBNP level was significantly higher than that in the group with the lowest level, according to Cox regression models after adjusting for multiple factors. As expected, echocardiography parameters adjusted the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in the model. Conclusions NT-proBNP was identified as an independent predictor of all-cause death and MACE in hospitalized patients older than 80 years of age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Ventricular Function, Left , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Biomarkers , China , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Beijing , Hospitals
4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 994-997, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905039

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the underreporting rate of death among residents in Zhejiang Province from 2016 to 2018, so as to provide a basis for improvement of death surveillance measures. @*Methods@#Multi-stage random cluster sampling was used to select residents in 30 public health surveillance areas of Zhejiang Province and all the residents were investigated the general information and death conditions that occurred during the period 2016-2018 by door to door visit. The underreporting rate of death was calculated and descriptive methods were used to analyze the causes of underreporting deaths.@*Results@#A total of 358 992 residents were investigated in 30 public health surveillance areas of Zhejiang Province. There were 63 underreporting deaths among 5 896 deaths, with an underreporting rate of 1.07%. The underreporting rate in men was 1.30%, which was higher than 0.75% in women ( P<0.05 ). The underreporting rate of residents aged 20 to <40 years was 6.74%, the highest among all the age groups ( P<0.05 ). The underreporting rate was 4.46% on the way to the hospital, the highest among all the places of death ( P<0.05 ). The underreporting rate in Wuxing District of Huzhou was 5.80%, the highest among all the surveillance areas. There were 25 cases of "late report or untimely review", accounting for 39.68%; 38 cases of "not report", accounting for 60.32%, of which 14 cases were caused by doctors forgetting to report, accounting for 22.22%. @*Conclusion@#The underreporting rate of death in Zhejiang Province from 2016 to 2018 is generally low. In response to underreporting deaths, multi-departmental collaboration should be promoted to effectively strengthen the reporting and management of routine death surveillance.

5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 877-883, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904787

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the relationship between alcohol consumption and hypertension in adults of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of hypertension. @*Methods@#Data were collected from 10 national surveillance sites in Zhejiang Province in the 2018 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factors Surveillance. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to explore the relationship between alcohol consumption and hypertension in adults of Zhejiang Province. @*Results @#Among 5 908 people included, 2 641 were males, accounting for 50.38%; and 3 267 were females, accounting for 49.62%. There were 2 721 cases of hypertension ( 28.54% ). The number of the cases with no, light and excessive alcohol consumption was 3 945, 1 117 and 846, accounting for 66.28%, 23.65% and 10.07%, respectively, after complex sampling weighting. The results of the multivariate logistic regression model showed that compared with those with no alcohol consumption, the adults with excessive alcohol consumption had higher risk of hypertension ( OR=2.126, 95%CI: 1.649-2.741 ); men with light ( OR=1.875, 95%CI: 1.075-3.270 ) and excessive alcohol consumption ( OR=2.752, 95%CI: 2.021-3.748 ) had higher risk of hypertension; the 18-<45-year-old adults with light ( OR=2.441, 95%CI: 1.171-5.087 ) and excessive alcohol consumption ( OR=3.368, 95%CI: 1.609-7.049 ), and the ≥60-year-old adults with excessive alcohol consumption ( OR=1.632, 95%CI: 1.174-2.269 ) had higher risk of hypertension. @*Conclusions @#Light and excessive alcohol consumption are associated with hypertension in Zhejiang adults. The association is stronger between excessive alcohol consumption and hypertension than between light alcohol consumption and hypertension.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 142-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862616

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#According to the Healthy China Action Plan, Wuhan gives full play to the role of preventing and controlling student myopia by promoting student health. The primary focus is placed on education in schools, and Wuhan has integrated educational resources to develop a multi-level myopia prevention and control system and service network for school students. The network contains educational adminstrative, schools, families, and professional technical service organizations. By integrating multiple disciplines, Wuhan has built a comprehensive vision health management service system for all students. The Internet and cloud intelligent monitoring facilitated the establishment of a smart vision health management platform for students, which thoroughly and efficiently implemented myopia prevention and control to safeguard students visual health by engaging in education, monitoring, and supervision. The prevention and control of student myopia is a breakthrough for comprehensive healthy development of students. A comparison of the standard myopia rate in Wuhan in 2019 and 2018 revealed that the standard myopia rate at different learning stages of primary school, junior high school, and high school dropped by 3.31, 2.50, and 2.26 percentage points, respectively, and the rate of myopia in primary school was significantly lower than the national level. Post-epidemic surveys showed that the compliance rate and the awareness rate of the visual environment and visual behaviors of primary and secondary school students in Wuhan reached more than 80%, and prevalence of newly onset myopia or decreased vision was 30%, which was lower than the national average. The "Wuhan Model" provides an important referential framework for public health services for school students.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875780

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and diabetes among adults.@*Methods@#The baseline data of China Kadoorie Biobank ( CKB ) study from Tongxiang of Zhejiang Province was used for analysis. Community residents were investigated in the study from August 2004 to May 2008, including questionnaire survey, physical measurement and biological sample test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the association of chronic hepatitis B virus infection with diabetes.@*Results@#Totally 52 888 participants were included in the final analysis. The overall prevalence of HBsAg-positive was 3.55% ( N=1 877 ). The overall prevalence of diabetes was 5.17% ( N=2 733 ). The prevalence of HBsAg-positive in diabetic patients was 3.51% ( N=96 ). Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression models indicated that there was no association between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and diabetes( P>0.05 ). @*Conclusion@#No significant association has been found between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and diabetes among adults.

8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 778-783, June 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136274

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE This study aimed to propose a co-expression-network (CEN) based gene functional inference by extending the "Guilt by Association" (GBA) principle to predict candidate gene functions for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS Firstly, transcriptome data of T1DM were retrieved from the genomics data repository for differentially expressed gene (DEGs) analysis, and a weighted differential CEN was generated. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) was chosen to determine the performance metric for each Gene Ontology (GO) term. Differential expression analysis identified 325 DEGs in T1DM, and co-expression analysis generated a differential CEN of edge weight > 0.8. RESULTS A total of 282 GO annotations with DEGs > 20 remained for functional inference. By calculating the multifunctionality score of genes, gene function inference was performed to identify the optimal gene functions for T1DM based on the optimal ranking gene list. Considering an AUC > 0.7, six optimal gene functions for T1DM were identified, such as regulation of immune system process and receptor activity. CONCLUSIONS CEN-based gene functional inference by extending the GBA principle predicted 6 optimal gene functions for T1DM. The results may be potential paths for therapeutic or preventive treatments of T1DM.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo é realizar uma inferência funcional genética baseada na rede de coexpressão (CEN), expandindo o escopo do princípio de "Culpa por Associação" (GBA - Guilt by Association) para prever as funções genéticas do diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (T1DM). MÉTODOS Primeiro, os dados transcritos do T1DM foram recuperados do repositório de dados genômicos para a análise dos genes diferenciais (DEGs), e foi gerada uma CEN diferencial ponderada. A área sob a curva ROC (AUC) foi escolhida para determinar a métrica de desempenho para cada termo de Ontologia Genética (GO). A análise da expressão diferencial identificou 325 DEGs no T1DM, e a análise de coexpressão gerou uma CEN diferencial com aresta de peso >0,8. RESULTADOS Um total de 282 anotações de GO com DEGs >20 foram mantidas para inferência funcional. Ao calcular a pontuação de multifuncionalidade dos genes, a inferência da função genética foi realizada para identificar as funções genéticas ideais para T1DM com base na lista de classificação genética ideal. Considerando um valor de AUC >0,7, foram identificadas seis funções genéticas ideais para a T1DM, tais como a regulação do processo imunológico e da atividade dos receptores. CONCLUSÕES A inferência funcional genética baseada em CEN, ao expandir o princípio de GBA, previu seis funções genéticas ideais para o T1DM. Os resultados podem ser caminhos potenciais para tratamentos terapêuticos ou preventivos do T1DM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Biomarkers , ROC Curve , Gene Expression Profiling , Transcriptome
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 153-158, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137159

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate the impact of post-thoracotomy analgesia with dexmedetomidine and morphine on immunocytes. Methods A total of 118 patients with post-thoracotomy Patient-Controlled Intravenous Analgesia (PCIA) in our hospital from March 2016 to July 2018 were randomly selected and divided into the Composite (COM) Group (57 patients administered with dexmedetomidine [1.0 µg.kg-1 body weight] and morphine [0.48 mg.kg-1 body weight]) and the Morphine (MOR) group (61 patients administered with morphine [0.48 mg.kg-1]). The values of lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and Natural Killer cells in the peripheral blood of these two groups were detected by FACSCalibur flow cytometry at different time points (before anesthesia induction [T0], immediately after tracheal extubation [T1], 12 hours after surgery [T2], 24 hours after surgery [T3], 48 hours after surgery [T4], 72 hours after surgery [T5], and 7 days after surgery [T6]). The doses of morphine at T3 to T5 and the adverse reactions between the two groups were also recorded and compared. Results The CD3+ level and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio at T2 to T5 and the CD4+ level and NK cells at T3 to T5 were significantly higher in the COM Group than in the MOR Group (p< 0.05). The postoperative morphine dose and the incidence of postoperative itching, nausea, and vomiting were significantly lower in the COM Group than in the MOR Group (p< 0.05). Conclusions Dexmedetomidine combined with morphine for post-thoracotomy PCIA can improve the function of immunocytes, reduce morphine consumption, and reduce the adverse reactions during analgesia induction.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar o impacto em linfócitos causado pelo uso da dexmedetomidina associada à morfina para analgesia pós-toracotomia. Método Um total de 118 pacientes utilizando Analgesia Intravenosa Controlada pelo Paciente (AICP) pós-toracotomia em nosso hospital, de março de 2016 a julho de 2018, foram selecionados aleatoriamente e divididos em dois grupos: o Grupo Combinado [COM, 57 pacientes que receberam dexmedetomidina (1,0 µg.kg-1 de peso corpóreo) associada à morfina (0,48 mg.kg-1 de peso corpóreo)] e o Grupo Morfina [MOR, 61 pacientes, que receberam somente morfina (0,48 mg.kg-)]. Os valores dos subconjuntos de linfócitos (CD3+, CD4+ e CD8+) e das células NK no sangue periférico desses dois grupos foram medidos por citometria de fluxo FACSCalibur em diferentes momentos do estudo [antes da indução anestésica (T0), imediatamente após extubação traqueal (T1), 12 horas após a cirurgia (T2), 24 horas após a cirurgia (T3), 48 horas após a cirurgia (T4), 72 horas após a cirurgia (T5) e 7 dias após a cirurgia (T6)]. As doses de morfina do momento T3 ao T5 e as reações adversas entre os dois grupos também foram registradas e comparadas. Resultados O nível de CD3+ e a razão CD4+/CD8+ de T2 a T5, e o nível de CD4+ e as células NK de T3 a T5 do Grupo COM foram significantemente maiores (p< 0,05) quando comparados ao Grupo MOR. A dose de morfina no pós-operatório e a incidência de prurido, náusea e vômito no pós-operatório foram significantemente menores no grupo MOR (p< 0,05). Conclusões Dexmedetomidina combinada com morfina para AICP no período pós-toracotomia pode melhorar a função dos linfócitos, reduzir o consumo de morfina e diminuir reações adversas durante a analgesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Thoracotomy , Killer Cells, Natural/drug effects , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Lymphocyte Subsets/drug effects , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/pharmacology , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology , Morphine/pharmacology , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/therapeutic use , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Morphine/therapeutic use
10.
J Biosci ; 2020 Feb; : 1-12
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214324

ABSTRACT

The Homeobox B9 (HOXB9) is a homeodomain-containing transcription factor that participates in the progression of various malignancies. Nevertheless, the functional role of HOXB9 in prostate cancer cells is largelyunknown. Hence, we aimed to address the effect of HOXB9 on the progression of prostate cancer cells. Smallinterfering RNA (siRNA) against HOXB9 was used to downregulate HOXB9 expression in PC3 and DU145cells. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression levels of HOXB9 and other related proteins. Cellproliferation was tested by the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and cell cycle and apoptosis were investigated byflow cytometry. Angiogenesis was examined using tube formation assays The Transwell assays were carriedout to assess the migratory and invasive capacities of cells. Here, we found that HOXB9 knockdown significantly reduced cell proliferation via inducing cell cycle arrest at G1 phase. This treatment also reducedangiogenesis, migration and invasion abilities of PC3 and DU145 cells in vitro. We also found that HOXB9knockdown inhibits the activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in prostate cancer cells. In conclusion,our findings revealed that HOXB9 promotes prostate cancer progression and might be a novel and effectivetherapeutic target for human prostate cancer.

11.
Clinics ; 74: e736, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin compared with voglibose added to combined metformin and insulin in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: In this 12-week prospective, randomized, parallel trial, 70 newly diagnosed T2DM patients with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥9% and/or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥11.1 mmol/L were randomized (1:1) to receive sitagliptin 100 mg per day + metformin + insulin glargine or voglibose 0.2 mg three times daily + metformin + insulin glargine. Change in HbA1c at week 12 was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: The mean baseline HbA1c was 11.0% in the patients. The changes in HbA1c from baseline were -6.00% in the sitagliptin group and -3.58% in the voglibose group, and the between-group difference was -2.42% (95% CI -1.91 to -2.93, p=0.02). The differences in FPG and homeostatic model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β) and the change in body weight between groups from baseline were -2.95 mmol/L (p=0.04), 43.91 (p=0.01) and -2.23 kg (p=0.01), respectively. One patient (2.9%) in the sitagliptin group and three patients (8.6%) in the voglibose group exhibited hypoglycemia. CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin added to combined metformin and insulin therapy showed greater efficacy and good safety regarding hypoglycemia in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM compared with voglibose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Sitagliptin Phosphate/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Inositol/analogs & derivatives , Metformin/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Inositol/therapeutic use
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1420, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983669

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Clinical characteristics are keys to improve identification and treatment of Crohn´s disease (CD) so that large sample analysis is of great value. Aim: To explore the clinical characteristics of perianal fistulising CD. Methods: Analysis of 139 cases focused on their clinical data. Results: The proportion of males and females is 3.3:1; the mean age is 28.2 years; 47.5% of patients had anal fistula before CD diagnosis. Patients with prior perianal surgery and medication accounted for 64.7% and 74.1% respectively. The L3 type of lesion was present in 49.6% and the B1 and B2 types for 51.8% and 48.2% respectively; complex anal fistula was diagnosed in 90.6%. Symptoms of diarrhea were found in 46% and perianal lesions alone in 29.5% of patients. Abnormal BMI values was present in 44.6%; active CD activity index in 64.7%; and 94.2% had active perianal disease activity index. A proportion of patients manifest abnormal C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, platelet, hemoglobin and albumin. Conclusion: We suggest that patients with anal fistula associated to these clinical features should alert the medical team to the possibility of CD, which should be further investigated through endoscopy and imaging examination of alimentary tract to avoid the damage of anal function by routine anal fistula surgery.


RESUMO Racional: As características clínicas são fundamentais para melhorar a identificação e o tratamento da doença de Crohn (DC), de modo que a análise da amostra seja de grande valor. Objetivo: Explorar as características clínicas da DC fistulizante perianal. Métodos: Análise de 139 casos focados em seus dados clínicos. Resultados: A proporção de homens e mulheres foi de 3,3: 1; a média de idade de 28,2 anos; 47,5% dos pacientes tiveram fístula anal antes do diagnóstico de DC. Pacientes com cirurgia perianal prévia e medicação representaram 64,7% e 74,1%, respectivamente. O tipo de lesão L3 estava presente em 49,6% e os tipos B1 e B2, em 51,8% e 48,2%, respectivamente; fístula anal complexa foi diagnosticada em 90,6%. Sintomas de diarréia foram encontrados em 46% e lesões perianais isoladas em 29,5% dos pacientes. Valores anormais de IMC estavam presentes em 44,6%; índice de atividade DC ativa em 64,7%; e 94,2% tinham índice de atividade de doença perianal ativo. Proporção significativa de pacientes tinha proteína-C reativa, taxa de sedimenta do eritrócito, plaquetas hemoglobina e albumina anormais. Conclusão: Sugere-se que pacientes com fístula anal associada às essas características clínicas alertem a equipe médica para a possibilidade de DC, que deve ser investigada por endoscopia e exame de imagem do trato digestivo para evitar dano na função anal pela operação que rotineiramente é realizada no tratamento da fístula anal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Crohn Disease/complications , Rectal Fistula/etiology , Perineum , Crohn Disease/diagnosis
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(6): 591-596, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977407

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury is a common pathophysiological process in liver surgery. Whether Propofol can reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats, together with related mechanisms, still needs further studies. Objective: To investigate if propofol would protect the myocardial cells from apoptosis with hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 18) were randomly allocated into three groups: Sham Group (Group S, n = 6), Hepatic Ischemia-reperfusion Injury Group (Group IR, n = 6) and Propofol Group (Group P, n = 6). Group S was only subjected to laparotomy. Group IR was attained by ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 4 h. Group P was subjected identical insult as in Group IR with the administration of propofol started 10 min before ischemia with 120 mg.kg−1, following by continuous infusion at 20 mg.kg−1.h−1. Cell apoptosis was examined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay. Endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase2 (SERCA2) and cysteine-containing aspartic acid cleaved-caspase3 (cleaved-caspase3) were assayed by western blot and Altimeter polymerase chain reaction. Results: Apoptosis rate was increased, with mRNA and protein of SERCA2 down-regulated and cleaved-caspase3 up-regulated in Group IR compared with Group S (p < 0.01). Apoptosis rate was decreased, with mRNA and protein of SERCA2 up-regulated and cleaved-caspase3 down-regulated in Group P compared with Group IR (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Propofol can reduce hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury-induced myocardial cell apoptosis, meanwhile, can up-regulate mRNA and protein of SERCA2 in rats.


Resumo Introdução: A lesão hepática por isquemia-reperfusão é um processo fisiopatológico comum em cirurgias hepáticas. Mais estudos ainda são necessários para avaliar se o propofol pode reduzir a lesão de isquemia-reperfusão miocárdica induzida pela lesão de isquemia-reperfusão hepática em ratos, juntamente com os mecanismos que estão relacionados. Objetivo: Investigar se propofol protege as células do miocárdio da apoptose com a lesão hepática por isquemia-reperfusão. Métodos: Ratos machos da raça Sprague-Dawley (n = 18) foram alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos: Grupo Sham (Grupo S, n = 6), Grupo Lesão Hepática por Isquemia-reperfusão (Grupo IR, n = 6) e Grupo Propofol (Grupo P, n = 6). O Grupo S foi submetido apenas à laparotomia. O grupo IR foi submetido à isquemia por 30 min e reperfusão por 4 h. O grupo P foi submetido à mesma isquemia do grupo IR, com a administração de 120 mg.kg-1 de propofol iniciada 10min antes da isquemia, seguida de infusão contínua a 20 mg.kg-1.h-1. A apoptose celular foi examinada por meio do ensaio de marcação de terminações dUTP pela deoxinucleotidil transferase. Retículo endoplasmático Ca2+-ATPase2 (SERCA2) e caspase-3 do ácido aspártico contendo cisteína (caspase-3 clivada) foram avaliados com o ensaio western blot e reação em cadeia da polimerase. Resultados: A taxa de apoptose foi maior com mRNA e proteína de SERCA2 regulados para baixo e caspase-3 clivada suprarregulada no Grupo IR, em comparação com o Grupo S (p < 0,01). A taxa de apoptose foi menor com mRNA e proteína de SERCA2 suprarregulada e caspase-3 clivada sub-regulada no Grupo P, em comparação com o Grupo IR (p < 0,01). Conclusões: O propofol pode reduzir a apoptose de células miocárdicas induzida por lesão hepática por isquemia-reperfusão. Entretanto, pode suprarregular o mRNA e a proteína de SERCA2 em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Propofol/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/biosynthesis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Liver/blood supply , Random Allocation , Propofol/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Anesthetics, Intravenous/pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821246

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: :To study the effects of IL-34 over-expression on malignant biological behavior of acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL) cells. Methods: The lentiviral vector pCDH-GFP for over-expressing IL-34 was constructed and infected into AMoL cell lines (THP1 and MOLM-13). Then its effects on proliferation, colony forming and cell cycle as well as apoptosis were tested by the MTS, colony formation assay and Annexin-V/PI staining, respectively. The cell differentiation phenotypes were assessed by fflow cytometry. Nude mice xenograft model was established to observe the tumor size and mass as well as the macrophages recruitment. Results: qPCR analysis showed that the expression of IL-34 mRNAin THP1-IL-34 and MOLM-13-IL-34 cells was nearly 4 000 and 3 000 folds higher than their respective control cells (all P<0.01), indicating that AMoL cell lines over-expressing IL-34 were successfully established. In vitro study showed that over-expression of IL-34 in AMoL cell lines promoted their proliferation potential(72 h:[0.738±0.003] vs [0.646±0.008]; [0.290±0.004] vs [0.247±0.004]; all P<0.01) and colony formation ([127.00 ± 3.37] vs [86.00±4.08]; [160.70±4.70] vs [116.70±3.93]; all P<0.01), whereas had little effect on apoptosis (all P>0.05). Over-expression of IL-34 promotedAMoLcell differentiation towards monocyte-macrophage lineage as the expressions of the monocyte-macrophage markers, CD11b and CD14, were increased whereas the expression of immature marker, CD71, was decreased in AMoL cell lines over-expressing IL-34(all P<0.05). Nude mice xenograft model showed that IL-34 over-expression stimulated macrophage recruitment in tumor tissues (P<0.01). Conclusion: Over-expression of IL-34 in human AMoL cell lines promotes their proliferation, colony forming potential and differentiation towards monocyte-macrophage lineage. Furthermore, IL-34 participates in the process of macrophages recruitment in vivo.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238368

ABSTRACT

The most effective sequence of small interfering RNA (siRNA) silencing STAT3 of psoriatic keratinocytes (KCs) was screened out,and the effects of the most effective siRNA combined with ultrasonic irradiation and SonoVue microbubbles on the expression of STAT3 of KCs and the dose-and time-response were investigated.Three chemically-synthetic siRNAs targeting STAT3 carried by Lipofectamine 3000 were transfected into KCs,and the effects on STAT3 expression were detected,then the most effective siRNA was selected for the subsequent experiments.The negative controls of siRNA (siRNA-NC) labeled with Cy3 carried by Lipofectamine 3000 combined with ultrasonic irradiation and SonoVue microbubbles were transfected into KCs,then the optimal parameters of ultrasonic irradiation were determined.The most effective siRNA carried by Lipofectamine 3000 combined with ultrasonic irradiation at the optimal parameters and SonoVue microbubbles was transfected into KCs,and the dose-and time-response of RNA interference was determined.The effect of RNA interference by the most effective siRNA at the optimal time and dose carried by Lipofectamine 3000 combined with ultrasonic irradiation and SonoVue microbubbles (LUS group) was compared with that only carried by Lipofectamine 3000 (L group).The results showed that siRNA-3 achieved the highest silencing efficacy.0.5 W/cm2 and 30 s were selected as the parameters of ultrasonic irradiation.The siRNA-3 carried by Lipofectamine 3000 combined with ultrasonic irradiation and SonoVue mierobubbles could effectively knock down the STAT3 expression at mRNA and protein levels in dose-and time-dependent manners determined at 100 nmol/L with maximum downregulation on mRNA at 48 h,and on protein at 72 h after transfection.The LUS group achieved the highest silencing efficacy.It was concluded that siRNA-3 carried by Lipofectamine 3000 combined with ultrasonic irradiation and SonoVue microbubbles could effectively knock down the STAT3 expression in psoriatic KCs,and the optimized transfection condition and the sequence of siRNA-3 could serve for further research on gene therapy of psoriasis.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2073-2076, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669222

ABSTRACT

Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a new technology of angiography in recent years.In addition to the advantages of traditional OCT,it can observe blood flow in different retinal and choroidal segmentation slab.By using the pseudo-color,abnormal vascular structure can be distinguished from normal vascular structure of the retina.Dye injection is not needed with OCTA,which is different from fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA).OCTA provides more and more accurate blood flow information.However,like other biometric technology,OCTA has its limitations and shortcomings.This review will analyze and summarize the operating principle of OCTA,its application in ophthalmology,as well as its advantages and limitations.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore influence of low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‐C) level on kidney func‐tion in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) .Methods :A to‐tal of 300 CHD patients ,who were treated and received PCI in our hospital from Feb 2012 to Jun 2014 ,were select‐ed .According to HDL‐C level ,they were divided into normal HDL‐C level group (n=179 ,HDL‐C≥1. 04 mmol/L) and low HDL‐C level group (n= 121 ,HDL‐C< 1.04 mmol/L) .Baseline data were compared between two groups ,and multi‐factor Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors for kidney injury after PCI .Re‐sults:Compared with normal HDL‐C level group ,there were significant rise in percentages of overweight (30.73%vs .39.67% ) ,smoking history (29.05% vs .41.32% ) ,myocardial infarction history (35.20% vs .46.28% ) ,left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% (18.99% vs .24.79% ) ,anemia (16.20% vs .27.27% ) and kidney in‐jury (12. 85% vs .22. 31% ) in low HDL‐C level group , P<0. 05 or <0. 01. Multi‐factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that age ,myocardial infarction history ,anemia ,LVEF<50% ,diabetes mellitus ,dosage of contrast agent and low HDL‐C level were risk factors for kidney injury in CHD patients after PCI (β=0.499~1.171 ,P<0.05 or<0.01) .Conclusion:Low HDL‐C level is a risk factor for renal function injury in CHD patients after PCI .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302395

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to construct prokaryotic expression vector and to investigate the expression of Notch ligand Jagged1 in E.coli. An expression vector pET-hJagged1 was constructed, which can be inserted in Jagged1 with different lengths, but the DSL domain of human Jagged1 should be contained. Then the recombinant plasmids were transformed into the competent cell of E.coli BL21, and the expression of the fusion protein was induced by IPTG. Fusion protein was purified from the supernatant of cell lysates via the Nickel affinity chromatography. The results showed that prokaryotic expression vectors pET-hJagged1 (Bgl II), pET-hJagged1 (Hind I) and pET-hJagged1 (Stu I) were successfully constructed, but only pET-hJagged1 (Stu I) could express the soluble TRX-hJagged1. The purified TRX-Jagged1 protein could be obtained via the Nickel affinity chromatography, and then confirmed by Western Blot. It is concluded that prokaryotic expression vector pET-hJagged1 is successfully constructed, but only pET-hJagged1 (Stu I) can express the soluble TRX-hJagged1 and the TRX-Jagged1 fusion protein is obtained through the prokaryotic expression system, which laid a solid foundation for further to explore the effects of Jagged1 in hematopoietic and lymphoid system.


Subject(s)
Calcium-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Jagged-1 Protein , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Serrate-Jagged Proteins
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1415-1418, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261857

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of CEP plus G-CSF and CVP plus G-CSF regimens in the mobilization and collection of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBHSC), and in the hematopoietic recovery. 57 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) underwent autologous PBHSC transplantation were analyzed retrospectively. The PBHSC were mobilized and collected by using CEP plus G-CSF and CVP plus G-CSF respectively, and were retransfused into these NHL patients after preconditioning, then the mobilization efficacy, adverse reactions and hematopoietic recovery were analyzed. The results showed that the WBC count decreased to ≤ 1.0 × 10(9)/L, platelet amount dropped to ≤ 40 × 10(9)/L during peripheral blood stem cell mobilization of all patients, which indicated successful collection of PBHSC. The mean value of (4.38 ± 3.40) × 10(8)/kg mononuclear cells (MNC) containing (2.79 ± 2.53) × 10(6)/kg CD34(+) cells were collected in CEP plus G-CSF group, while the mean value of (3.31 ± 1.23) × 10(8)/kg MNC containing (2.02 ± 0.87) × 10(6)/kg CD34(+) cells were collected in CVP plus G-CSF group. The efficacy of mobilization in CEP plus G-CSF group was significantly higher than that in CVP plus G-CSF group (p < 0.05). After preconditioning, bone marrow was suppressed in all patients. The average time of WBC count recovery to ≥ 1.0 × 10(9)/L was 11.4 days in CEP plus G-CSF group and 12.3 days in CVP plus G-CSF group; the average time of platelet amount recovery to ≥ 50 × 10(9)/L was 18.6 days in CEP plus G-CSF group and 19.3 days in CVP plus G-CSF group. The statistical analysis showed no significant difference in the average time of hematopoietic recovery between 2 groups. It is concluded that autologous PBHSC transplantation shows significant effect for treatment of patients with NHL. Either modified CEP or CVP plus G-CSF regimen is safe and effective in PBHSC mobilization. The CEP plus G-CSF regimen is better than CVP plus G-CSF regimen.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Methods , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 644-647, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291477

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the activating effect of protein transduction domain (PTD) mediated BCR/ABL protein on T cells from CML patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The plasmid containing PTD and b3a2 bcr/abl of CML was constructed by genetic engineering and expressed in E. coli. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells from CML patients were stimulated in vitro with purified PTD-BCR/ABL protein and the expression of the early activation antigen CD(69) on CD(8)(+) and CD(4)(+) T cells was detected by flow cytometry (FCM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The optimal concentration of PTD-BCR/ABL protein for activating CD(8)(+) T cells in vitro was 100 micro g/ml, CD(69) expression peaked in three days stimulation. CD(8)(+) T cells were activated in 10 of 15 CML patients, the expression rate of CD(69) was (15.01 +/- 3.75)%. CD(4)(+) T cells were activated in 4 of 15 patients, the expression rate of CD(69) was (10.32 +/- 3.08)%. Both CD(8)(+) and CD(4)(+) T cells were activated simultaneously in 3 of them. However, neither CD(4)(+) nor CD(8)(+) T cells was activated by stimulation with BCR/ABL protein in all 15 specimens, the expression rate of CD(69) on CD(8)(+) and CD(4)(+) T cells was (1.36 +/- 0.31)% and (1.41 +/- 0.43)%, respectively. There was no difference compared with that of PBS control group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>By using a PTD-mediated antigen delivering system, exogenous BCR/ABL protein can be delivered into APC, processed and presented onto surface of APC to activate Ag-specific CD(8)(+) and CD(4)(+) T cells in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Amino Acid Sequence , Antigens, CD , Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte , CD4 Antigens , CD8 Antigens , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Flow Cytometry , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Products, tat , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Lectins, C-Type , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology
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