Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 66
Filter
1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(1): 1-11, ene. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552776

ABSTRACT

Löfgren syndrome (LS) is a unique acute manifestation of sarcoidosis and characterized by erythema nodosum, bilateral hilar lymphadenectasis, and/or bilateral ankle arthritis or periarthritis. A 37 - year - old female patient with LS presented with fever accompanied by multiple joint swelling and pain, nodular skin erythema, and bilateral hilar lymphadenectasis. The patient had received treatment involving non - steroidal anti - inflammatory drugs and glucocorticoids in other hospitals, but the effects were poor, and the conditions reemerged. The LS duration has lasted for more than 3 months. Following traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, syndrome differentiation as well as giving patients oral Chinese medicine decoction, the symptoms of the patient were rapidly relieved within one week and did not recur during a six - month follow - up period. This case is the first clinical report of acute sarcoidosis LS treated using T CM and reflects the significant advantages of this form of therapy in emergency treatment


El síndrome de Löfgren (LS) es una manifest ación única y aguda de sarcoidosis, caracterizada por eritrema nodoso, linfadenectasis hilar bilateral, y/o a r tritis de tobillo bilateral o periartritis. Una paciente de 37 años de sexo femenino con LS se presentó con fiebre, acompañada de inflamación y do lor múltiple de articulaciones, eritrema nodular cutáneo, y linfadenectasis hilar bilateral. La paciente recibió un tratamiento que consistió en antiinflamatorios no esteroidales y glucocorticoides en otros hospitales, pero los efectos fueron leves y las c ondiciones reemergieron. El LS ha durado más de tres meses. Siguiendo el tratamiento de medicina tradicional china (MTC), la diferenciación de síndrome, así como darles a los pacientes una decocción de medicina china por vía oral, los síntomas de la pacien te rápidamente fueron aliviados en el curso de una semana y no recidivaron durante los seis meses de un seguimiento. El caso es el primer reporte clínico de tratamiento de sarcoidosis aguda asociada a LS usando TCM y refleja las significativas ventajas de esta forma de terapia en el tratamiento de emergencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Sarcoidosis/complications , Acute Disease
2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 May; 71(5): 1894-1898
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224997

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for management of corneal ectasia after laser?assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods: CXL was performed on 18 eyes of 16 patients either with LASIK flap lift (n = 9; 365 nm, 30 mW/cm2, 4 minutes, pulse) or with transepithelial flap?on (n = 9 eyes; 365 nm, 3 mW/cm2, 30 minutes) technique. Postoperative change in maximum keratometry (Kmax), anterior elevation, posterior elevation, spherical equivalent (SE), logMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), aberrations, and central corneal thickness (CCT) were evaluated at 12 months postoperatively. Results: A total of 18 eyes of 16 patients (11 males, 5 females) were included. Overall, Kmax flattened more after flap?on CXL (P = 0.014) compared to flap?lift CXL. The endothelial cell density and posterior elevation were stable throughout the follow?up period. Index of vertical asymmetry (IVA), keratoconus index (KI), and central keratoconus index (CKI) decreased after flap?on CXL at 12 months, postoperatively (P < 0.05), whereas there were no statistically significant changes in these parameters after flap?off CXL group. The spherical aberrations and total root mean square decreased after flap?lift CXL at 12 months, postoperatively (P < 0.05). Conclusion: In our study, transepithelial collagen crosslinking was successfully used to halt disease progression in post?LASIK keratectasia. We recommend flap?on surgical technique for these cases

3.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 45(2): 93-101, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439557

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Seed-based analysis has shown that transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) can modulate the dysfunctional brain network in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the voxel-based neuropsychological mechanism of taVNS on patients with first-episode MDD is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of an 8-week course of taVNS on patients with first-episode MDD. Methods: Twenty-two patients with first-episode MDD accepted an 8-week course of taVNS treatment. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scans were performed before and after treatment. Voxel-based analyses were performed to characterize spontaneous brain activity. Healthy controls (n=23) were recruited to minimize test-retest effects. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was performed to ascertain treatment-related changes. Then, correlations between changes in brain activity and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D)/Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) remission rate were estimated. Results: Significant group-by-time interactions on voxel-based analyses were observed in the inferior ventral striatum (VSi) and precuneus. Post-hoc analyses showed that taVNS inhibited higher brain activity in the VSi, while upregulating it in the precuneus. Functional connectivity (FC) between the VSi and precuneus decreased. Positive correlations were found between the HAM-D remission rate and changes in brain activity in the VSi. Conclusion: taVNS reduced the FC between VSi and precuneus by normalizing the abnormal spontaneous brain activity of VSi in first-episode MDD patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 98-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965586

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Long interspersed element⁃1(LINE⁃1)is the only known active and autonomously transposable retroelement in human cells,which is related to autoimmune diseases and plays important roles in activating and regulating the antiviral innate immunity of cells,especially the level of interferon(IFN). This paper reviews the mechanisms of several non ⁃ structural proteins from human immunodeficiency virus(HIV),hepatitis B virus(HBV)and other viruses participating in the regulation of LINE ⁃ 1 activity. These mechanisms not only ensure the normal expression of viral genome,but also participate in the cellular innate immunity regulation,the inhibition of which may provide new strategies to develop treatments of diseases caused by viruses.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1799-1803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004667

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current situation of cyberbullying and health risk behaviors among secondary vocational school students, to explore the effects of cyberbullying on health risk behaviors, so as to provide a reference for formulating intervention strategies to promote adolescent health related behaviors.@*Methods@#From March to April 2023, a field survey was conducted on 1 184 students from one secondary vocational school each in Jilin City and Yanji City by random cluster sampling method. The data was analyzed using Chi square tests and generalized linear models.@*Results@#Among secondary vocational school students, 839 individuals (70.9%) experienced the cyberbullying, and 1 036 individuals (87.5%) had one and more health risk behavior group. There was a positive correlation between cyberbullying and health risk behaviors ( r=0.60, P <0.01). The generalized linear model analysis showed that female and no Internet addiction were negatively correlated with the health risk behaviors of secondary vocational students ( β =-2.75, -8.90), and the single parent families and peer pressure was positively correlated with the health behaviors of secondary vocational students ( β =2.56, 4.82)( P <0.05). Secondary vocational students experienced cyberbullying who from single parent families, peer pressure and social oriented internet usage were more likely to engage in health risk behaviors ( β= 3.41, 4.88, 2.20, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of cyberbullying and health risk behaviors among secondary vocational school students is relatively high, and cyberbullying can influence the occurrence of health risk behaviors. It is important to focus on and implement guidance for internet use and health behavior education for secondary vocational students from multiple perspectives, including the family, school, and society. Corresponding intervention strategies should be taken to promote the healthy development of adolescents.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 599-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972755

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influencing factors of preschoolers hyperopia reserve, and to provide a scientific basis for preschoolers to prevent myopia.@*Methods@#Visual screening and a questionnaire survey were conducted on 5 087 4-year old children in Suzhou High-tech Zone from September to December in 2020. The influencing factors of children s hyperopia reserve were analyzed by univariate analysis and Logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 997(19.6%) children had hyperopia reserve deficiency. Logistic regression showed that the negative factors associated with hyperopia reserve included being girl( OR=0.81, 95%CI =0.70-0.93), no food allergy( OR=0.78, 95%CI =0.63-0.96); and the positive factors included father myopia( OR=1.20, 95%CI =1.03-1.39), mother myopia( OR=1.17, 95%CI =1.01-1.36), exposure of night lights(for less than 1 hour: OR=1.53, 95%CI =1.21-1.92; for 1 to 3 hours: OR=1.48, 95%CI =1.09-2.00), insufficient vegetable intake( OR=1.26, 95%CI =1.07- 1.46 )( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Parental myopia, nighttime sleep environment and dietary factors have potential associations with hyperopia reserve deficiency among children. Corresponding measures should be actively taken to improve the preschoolers hyperopia reserve.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 656-664, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986244

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:构建负载二氧化锰(MnO2)纳米颗粒的可得然(Cur)复合水凝胶MnO2@Cur(简称MGel),研究其对黑色素瘤B16-F10细胞的杀伤效果。方法:采用热诱导法制备Cur水凝胶(Gel),物理负载MnO2构建MGel,表征其宏观和微观形貌,检测其机械性能、降解性能以及光热转换性能等理化性能,并研究其联合PTT对小鼠皮肤黑色素瘤B16-F10细胞的光热杀伤效果。结果:MGel具有优异的机械和可降解性能,抗拉伸强度达(127.97±3.60)kPa、抗压缩强度达(151.44±5.23)kPa,28 d降解率约58.17%。MGel负载MnO2纳米片(粒径约180 nm)获得优异的光热转换性能,负载1.0 mg/mL MnO2的MGel在1.0 W/cm2的808 nm NIR光照4 min后到达最高温度50 ℃。细胞毒性实验和Calcein-AM/PI荧光双染色实验表明,MGel联合PTT有效杀伤B16-F10黑色素瘤细胞,NIR光照使得MGel组细胞存活率降低至(4.68±0.66)%(P<0.000 1)。结论:MGel复合水凝胶具备优异的机械性能、可降解性能以及光热转换性能,其联合PTT能有效杀伤肿瘤细胞,可能成为一种有效治疗黑色素瘤的新手段。

8.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2022 Aug; 89(8): 785–792
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223728

ABSTRACT

Objectives To explore the associations between higher antibiotic use rates (AURs) and adverse outcomes in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in a multicenter of China. Methods A prospective cohort study was performed on VLBW infants admitted to 24 neonatal intensive care units from January 1, 2018, to December 31, 2018. AUR was calculated as calendar days of antibiotic therapy divided by total hospital days. The composite primary outcome was defned as mortality or severe morbidity, including any of the following: severe neurologic injury, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and stage 3 or higher retinopathy of prematurity. Results A total of 1,034 VLBW infants who received antibiotics without culture-proven sepsis or NEC were included in this study. The overall AUR of eligible VLBW infants was 55%, and the AUR of each eligible VLBW infant ranged from 3 to 100%, with a median of 56% (IQR 33%, 86%). After generalized propensity score and logistic regression analysis of 4 groups of VLBW infants with diferent AUR range, infants in the higher quartile AUR, (Q3, 0.57~0.86) and (Q4, 0.87~1.00), had higher odds of composite primary outcome (adjusted OR: 1.81; 95% CI: 1.23–2.67; adjusted OR 2.37; 95% CI: 1.59–3.54, respectively) and BPD (adjusted OR: 3.09; 95% CI: 1.52–6.57; adjusted OR 3.17; 95% CI: 1.56–6.57, respectively) than those in the lowest AUR (Q1). Conclusions Antibiotic overexposure in VLBW infants without culture-proven sepsis or NEC was associated with increased risk of composite primary outcome and BPD. Rational empirical antibiotic use in VLBW infants is urgently needed in China.

9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e21394, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420380

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gut bacterial β-glucuronidase (GUS) can reactivate xenobiotics that exert enterohepatic circulation- triggered gastrointestinal tract toxicity. GUS inhibitors can alleviate drug-induced enteropathy and improve treatment outcomes. We evaluated the inhibitory effect of Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. and its major constituents against Escherichia coli GUS (EcGUS), and characterized the inhibitory mechanism of each of the components. Trans-resveratrol 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (HZ-1) and (-)-epicatechin gallate (HZ-2) isolated from P. cuspidatum were identified as the key components and potent inhibitors. These two components displayed strong to moderate inhibitory effects on EcGUS, with Ki values of 9.95 and 1.95 μM, respectively. Results from molecular docking indicated that HZ-1 and HZ-2 could interact with the key residues Asp163, Ser360, Ile 363, Glu413, Glu504, and Lys 568 of EcGUS via hydrogen bonding. Our findings demonstrate the inhibitory effect of P. cuspidatum and its two components on EcGUS, which supported the further evaluation and development of P. cuspidatum and its two active components as novel candidates for alleviating drug-induced damage in the mammalian gut.

10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e12002, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403918

ABSTRACT

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play critical roles in restricting inflammatory pathogenesis and limiting undesirable Th2 response to environmental allergens. However, the role of miR-181a in regulating acute gouty arthritis (AGA) and Treg function remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential roles of miR-181a in Treg immunity and the associated signaling pathway in the AGA mouse model. A solution with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals was injected into the joint tissue of mice to induce AGA. ELISA was used to examine inflammatory factors in blood samples, and flow cytometry was used to analyze Treg profile in mice with MSU-induced AGA. Cell proliferation and viability were assessed by CCK-8 assay. TGF-β1/Smad signaling activation was detected by western blot. We found that miR-181a expression showed a positive correlation with the changes of splenic Tregs percentage in AGA mice. miR-181a regulated the TGF-β1/Smad axis, since the transfection of miR-181a mimic increased the level of TGF-β1 and the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in Tregs in AGA mice. Additionally, miR-181a mimic also promoted responses of Tregs via TGF-β1 in vitro and in vivo. Our work uncovered a vital role of miR-181a in the immune function of Treg cells by mediating the activity of the TGF-β1/Smad pathway in the AGA mouse model induced by MSU.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 514-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976130

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - To investigate the effect of lung flora dysbiosis on the process of pulmonary fibrosis and lung epithelial ( ) Methods - mesenchymal transition EMT in mice with silicosis. Male C57BL/6 mice of specific pathogen free grade were , , , ( ) randomly divided into the blank control group silicosis model group solvent control group vancomycin VM + ampicillin ( ) , ( ) ( ) , AMP group metronidazole MNZ + neomycin NEO group and mixed treatment group 12 mice in each group. Except for , , the blank control group which was given 20.0 µL of 0.9% NaCl solution the other five groups of mice were dosed with 20.0 µL of silica dust suspension at a mass concentration of 250.0 g/L using a single tracheal drip to establish the silicosis mouse model. : The intranasal drip method was used to treat silicosis mice in each group as following mice in the solvent control group were - ; ; given double distilled water mice in the VM+AMP group were given VM at a mass concentration of 0.5 g/L and AMP at 1.0 g/L ; mice in the MNZ+NEO group were given MNZ at a mass concentration of 1.0 g/L and NEO at 1.0 g/L mice in the mixed , treatment group were given the same doses of the four antibiotics mentioned above all in a drip volume of 50.0 µL. Silicosis , , mice were treated seven days and half an hour before silica dusting and 7 14 and 21 days after silica dusting. Mouse lungtissue was collected aseptically 28 days after silica dusting. Hematoxylin eosin and Masson trichrome staining methods were - used to observe the pathological changes. Western blotting was used to detect the relative protein expression of α smooth muscle ( - ), - ( - ) ( ) actin α SMA E cadherin E CAD and vimentin VIM . Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the relative expression of - - E CAD and VIM. Real time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression levels of (Col1a2) Results collagen type Ⅰ alpha 2 mRNA in lung tissues. The histopathological results showed that the alveoli of the , blank control group were thin and structurally intact with few surrounding infiltrating inflammatory cells and no abnormal , distribution of collagen fibers. The alveoli of the silicosis model group were structurally disorganized with a large number of , , infiltrating inflammatory cells thickened alveolar walls and cellular fibrous nodules with abundant blue collagen deposit. In the , , VM+AMP group MNZ+NEO group and the mixed treatment group the inflammation and fibrosis were reduced with diferent degrees in the lung tissues compared to the silicosis model group and the solvent control group. The relative expression levels of - , Col1a2 α SMA VIM protein and mRNA in lung tissues of mice in the silicosis model group were higher than those in the blank ( P ), -CAD control group all <0.05 and the relative expression levels of E protein were lower than those in the blank control (P ) - , Col1a2 group <0.05 . The relative expression levels of α SMA VIM protein and mRNA in lung tissues of mice in the MNZ+ ( P ), -CAD NEO group and the mixed treatment group were lower all <0.05 and the relative expression levels of E protein were (P ), Conclusion higher <0.05 when compared with the silicosis model group and the solvent control group. Pulmonary fibrosis , - was reduced in silicosis mice with interventions in lung flora where anaerobic and gram negative bacteria affected pulmonary fibrosis and dysbiosis of the lung flora affected pulmonary EMT.

12.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1082-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974028

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of public health emergencies in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture from 2012 to 2021, and to provide reference for formulating relevant prevention and control measures. Methods The data of public health emergencies reported in Xishuangbanna from 2012 to 2021 were collected and analyzed through the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System. Results A total of 78 public health emergencies (including "Unrated" events) were reported in Xishuangbanna from 2012 to 2021. The highest 21 cases and the lowest 3 cases were reported every year. A total of 1 0374 cases were reported in 78 public health emergencies, involving a population of 1 703 049, with a morbidity of 609.14/100 000, 24 deaths, mortality of 1.41/100 000 and fatality rate of 231.35/100 000. The event level was mainly "general (level Ⅳ)" with 52 incidents, accounting for 66.67%, and 17 incidents of "major (level Ⅲ)", accounting for 21.79%. 51 cases were mainly infectious diseases, accounting for 65.39%. The peak periods for incidents were May-July and November-February of the next year; there were 39 incidents in schools, accounting for 50%, followed by 20 incidents in families, accounting for 25.64%. The top three reported cases were food poisoning (32.05%), chicken pox 17 (21.79%) and dengue fever 10 (12.82%). Among the 24 deaths in public health emergencies, 22 were caused by food poisoning. Wild bacteria poisoning and alcohol poisoning were the main causes of food poisoning, accounting for 45.83% and 37.5% of the total deaths, respectively. Conclusion Infectious diseases, especially respiratory diseases and food poisoning are the focus of the prevention and control of public health emergencies in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, of which Schools and families should be pay close attention. Plague, a Class A infectious disease, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis has occurred in two inter-animal outbreaks in 10 years and spread to the population, which should be of great concern.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 133-136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920520

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the refractive status of preschool children, and to explore the prevalence and development trend of ametropia in preschool children, so as to provide support for controlling adolescent ametropia and improving children s health care service.@*Methods@#This cross sectional survey was conducted among 27 561 preschool children (55 122 eyes) aged 3-6 years old in the High tech Zone of Suzhou from September to December 2020. The refractive status was screened by the US Weilun binocular optometry.@*Results@#The total detection rate of ametropia was 9.5%, including 8.6% of astigmatism, 1.3% of hyperopia and 0.5% of myopia. The detection rates of myopia (1.1%) and hyperopia (2.2%) were the highest in the 6-year-old group, and the older the age was, the lower the spherical diopter was, and the higher the cylindrical diopter was. The abnormal rate of colposcopy in girls ( 1.3% ) was higher than that in boys (0.9%), and the abnormal rate of total anisometropia in women (2.3%) was also higher than that in men (1.9%). The main astigmatism was mixed astigmatism (49.1%) and compound hyperopia astigmatism (39.2%); The older the age, the lower the detection rate of compound hyperopia astigmatism. And it is dominated by regular astigmatism( 97.5% ); The higher the age, the higher the detection rate of astigmatism with the rule, while the lower the detection rates of astigmatism against the rule and oblique axis astigmatism.@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of myopia and hyperopia increased significantly at the age of 6, and anisometropia and axial astigmatism also reached the highest at the age of 6. Local health care departments should pay attention to children s astigmatism, especially astigmatism with the rule.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 646-652, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935049

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探讨PD-1抗体联合化疗对比抗血管生成药物联合化疗在晚期驱动基因阴性肺腺癌一线治疗中的疗效和安全性。方法:收集2018年3月至2021年8月河北医科大学第四医院收治的141例不可手术切除的ⅢB/ⅢC和Ⅳ期驱动基因阴性肺腺癌患者,回顾性分析PD-1抗体联合化疗对比抗血管生成药物联合化疗在一线治疗中的疗效与安全性。主要研究终点为无进展生存期(PFS),次要终点为客观缓解率(ORR)、疾病控制率(DCR)和不良反应。结果:141例患者均纳入生存分析,中位随访时间为13.0个月(95% CI:12.0~14.0)。PD-1抗体联合化疗组(A组)和抗血管生成药物联合化疗组(B组)的ORR分别为33.33%和27.38%,DCR分别为98.25%和89.29%,差异均无统计学意义。A组和B组的中位PFS分别为8.4个月(95% CI: 7.3~9.9)和6.9个月(95% CI: 6.1~7.7),差异无统计学意义。亚组分析结果显示,ⅢB/ⅢC期、肝或脑转移患者中,A组中位PFS较B组均延长(均P<0.01)。A组和B组不良反应发生率分别为26.32%和14.29%,多数为1~2级。结论:PD-1抗体联合化疗对比抗血管生成药物联合化疗一线治疗晚期驱动基因阴性肺腺癌疗效相当,不良反应可耐受,可成为晚期驱动基因阴性肺腺癌标准一线治疗。

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1031-1038, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970098

ABSTRACT

Microglia have the ability to mediate innate immune memory and can be reprogrammed by primary stimuli to enhance or inhibit the immune response of microglia to secondary stimuli. Inflammatory stimulation is an important factor for microglia to mediate innate immune memory. Single or repeated stimulation can induce microglia to form different phenotypes. Microglia-mediated innate immune response is involved in the regulation of immune memory. Enhancer modification is a key pathway of microglia epigenetic regulation, and the H3K27ac enhancer marker is closely related to immune training. TGF-β1 mediates the interaction between IL-10 and IL-1β, thereby influencing the microglial phenotype. Microglia glycolysis activity is increased after immune training, and oxidative phosphorylation is associated with immune tolerance. Innate immune memory is closely associated with neurodegenerative diseases, brain tumors, brain damage and psychosis. Further study on the mechanism of microglia-mediated innate immune memory is helpful to understand the occurrence and development of central nervous system diseases and provide new options for the treatment of central nervous system diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microglia/metabolism , Epigenesis, Genetic , Trained Immunity , Immunity, Innate , Nervous System Diseases
16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(7): 710-713, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351826

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aerobic exercise can improve the physical function of athletes and increase the oxygen content in skeletal muscles. This has a significant reference value for evaluating training effects and judging sports fatigue. Objective: Maximum oxygen uptake is one of the most critical indicators of aerobic work capacity. The thesis analyzes the medical promotion effect of physical exercise on the oxygen content of skeletal muscle. Methods: The thesis performed aerobic exercises on two groups of young rowers. Athletes in group A performed high-load exercise, and athletes in group B performed low-load exercise. At the same time, we placed a detector on the athletes' skeletal muscle to test the volunteer's muscle oxygen content and other physiological indicators. Results: Comparing high-load exercise and low-load exercise, the maximum oxygen uptake and the utilization rate of the maximum oxygen uptake when reaching the anaerobic net were 10% and 16% higher, respectively. There was no difference in the activity of muscle enzymes between the two groups. Conclusions: After aerobic training, the muscle's oxygen utilization capacity is strengthened. Physical exercise promotes the maximum oxygen uptake of skeletal muscles. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: O exercício aeróbico pode melhorar a função física de atletas e aumentar o conteúdo de oxigênio nos músculos esqueléticos. Isso tem valor referencial importante na avaliação de efeitos do treinamento e no julgamento da fadiga pela prática de esportes. Objetivo: A captação máxima de oxigênio é um dos indicadores cruciais da capacidade aeróbica. A tese analisa o efeito médico de se incentivar exercícios físicos para o conteúdo de oxigênio do músculo esquelético. Métodos: a tese realizou exercícios aeróbicos em dois grupos de jovens remadores. Os atletas do grupo A realizaram exercícios de alta carga; os atletas do grupo B realizaram exercícios de baixa carga. Ao mesmo tempo, colocamos um detector nos músculos esqueléticos dos atletas para testar o conteúdo de oxigênio no músculo e outros indicadores fisiológicos. Resultados: Ao compararmos exercícios de alta carga e de baixa carga, a captação máxima de oxigênio e o índice de utilização de captação máxima de oxigênio ao atingir o ganho aeróbico foram 10% e 16% mais altos, respectivamente. Não houve diferença na atividade de enzimas musculares entre os dois grupos. Conclusões: Após o treino aeróbico, a utilização de oxigênio do músculo se fortalece. O exercício físico promove a máxima captação de oxigênio dos músculos esqueléticos. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação de resultados de tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El ejercicio aeróbico puede mejorar la función física de atletas y aumentar el contenido de oxígeno en los músculos esqueléticos. Eso tiene valor referencial importante en la evaluación de efectos del entrenamiento y al juzgar la fatiga por la práctica de deportes. Objetivo: El consumo máximo de oxígeno es uno de los indicadores cruciales de la capacidad aeróbica. La tesis analiza el efecto médico de incentivar ejercicios físicos para el contenido de oxígeno del músculo esquelético. Métodos: La tesis realizó ejercicios aeróbicos en dos grupos de jóvenes remeros. Los atletas del grupo A realizaron ejercicios de alta carga, y los atletas del grupo B realizaron ejercicios de baja carga. Al mismo tiempo, pusimos un detector en los músculos esqueléticos de los atletas para probar el contenido de oxígeno en el músculo y otros indicadores fisiológicos. Resultados: Al comparar ejercicios de alta carga y de baja carga, el consumo máximo de oxígeno y el índice de utilización del consumo máximo de oxígeno al atingir el gano aeróbico fueron 10% y 16% más altos, respectivamente. No hubo diferencia en la actividad de enzimas musculares entre los dos grupos. Conclusiones: Tras el entrenamiento aeróbico, la utilización de oxígeno del músculo se fortalece. El ejercicio físico promueve el máximo consumo de oxígeno de los músculos esqueléticos. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados de tratamiento.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1306-1310, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886897

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the status of PM 2.5 pollution in school classrooms and the student exposure level, and to provide basic data to safeguard the health of students.@*Methods@#This study continuously monitored the PM 2.5 levels of 16 naturally ventilated classrooms in eight primary and secondary schools in Jiamusi for one academic year using an online environmental monitoring instrument. At the same time, outdoor PM 2.5 data was captured for comparative research, and student exposure to PM 2.5 during school hours was evaluated.@*Results@#The average concentration of PM 2.5 in the classroom in the spring and autumn semesters was (26.93±24.7) and (31.85±30.37)μg/m 3, respectively, and the indoor/outdoor ratio ( I/O ) was 0.92 and 0.95, respectively, which indicated a strong correlation between them. The daily average concentration of all classrooms during both semesters was ( 28.93 ±26.85)μg/m 3, which was slightly higher than the average concentration of (27.53±26.53)μg/m 3 during the daytime when students were in school. In addition, the concentration on workdays was higher than that observed on weekends, and this was termed the "weekend effect". The indoor PM 2.5 concentration was lower on higher floors. The comprehensive exposure concentration of students during school was 28.48 μg/m 3 in spring semester and 31.87 μg/m 3 in autumn semester.@*Conclusion@#PM 2.5 levels in the classrooms varied according to time, the horizontal space, and the vertical space, and the level of indoor PM 2.5 pollution largely depended on outdoor pollution sources. Differences in PM 2.5 exposure were observed between.

18.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 412-421, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881082

ABSTRACT

Although the etiology of sciatica remains uncertain, there is increasing evidence that the disease process of sciatica is associated with the levels of inflammatory factors. Piperine, an alkaloid isolated from Piper nigrum, has previously been demonstrated to inhibit inflammation and analgesic effects. The purpose of this study is to verify the regulatory relationship between miR-520a and p65 and to explore how miR-520a/P65 affects the level of cytokines under the action of piperine, so as to play a therapeutic role in sciatica. Through ELISA experiment, we confirmed that four inflammatory factors (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-10, TGF-β1) can be used as evaluation indexes of sciatica. The differentially expressed miRNA was screened as miR-520a, by microarray technology, and the downstream target of miR-520a was P65 by bioinformatics. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR confirmed that the expression of miR-520a was negatively correlated with pro-inflammatory cytokines, positively correlated with anti-inflammatory cytokines and negatively correlated with p65 expression at mRNA level. The expression of p65 was positively correlated with pro-inflammatory cytokines and negatively correlated with anti-inflammatory cytokines at the protein level verified by ELISA and Western blot. HE staining analysis showed that the nerve fibers were repaired by piprine, the vacuoles were significantly reduced, and the degree of nerve fiber damage was also improved. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the expression of p65 decreased after administration of piperine. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that the luciferase signal decreased significantly after cotransfection of miR-520a mimics and p65 3'UTR recombinant plasmid. To sum up, in the rat model of non-compressed lumbar disc herniation, piperine plays a significant role in analgesia. MiR-520a can specifically and directly target P65, and piperine can promote the expression of miR-520a, then inhibit the expression of p65, down-regulate the pro-inflammatory factors IL-1β and TNF-α, and up-regulate the effects of anti-inflammatory factors IL-10 and TGF-β1, so as to treat sciatica.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 606-610, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876413

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze relationships between levels of 24 hour movement (physical activity, screen time and sleep) and childhood obesity in students aged 7-18 years.@*Methods@#This study used data from students aged 7-18 years in the 2015 China health and nutrition survey, and assessed levels of physical activity, screen time and sleep based on the Canadian 24 hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth. Associations between levels of 24 hour movement and childhood obesity were assessed using multivariable Logistic regression models.@*Results@#The overall rate of overweight and obesity was 21.56%. Proportions of students meeting the guidelines for physical activity, screen time, sleep and three behaviors combined were 24.84%, 38.69%, 57.08%, and 6.77%, respectively. After adjusting for age, sex, location of residence and nationality, students meeting the sleep guideline were less likely to be overweight and obese than those who did not(OR=0.73), students meeting both sleep and screen time guidelines had a lower risk in overweight and obesity than those met neither guidelines(OR=0.58)(P<0.05). However, other behaviors and behavior combinations showed no significant associations with overweight and obesity.@*Conclusion@#Only a small proportion of students met all three 24 hour movement guidelines. Ensuring adequate sleep and limiting excessive screen time may be an important strategy for childhood obesity prevention and management.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 857-862, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875895

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role of STAT3 in hepatocyte proliferation after acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatocellular injury in mice. MethodsNormal mouse AML12 hepatocytes were cultured in vitro and were stimulated by APAP (1, 2.5, 5, 10, and 20 mmol/L) for 12, 24 or 48 hours, and the hepatocytes treated with an equal volume of phosphate buffered saline were established as control group. After the optimal stimulation concentration and duration of action were screened out, AML12 hepatocytes were treated with AG490 (10, 50, and 100 μmol/L). The CCK-8 assay was used to measure the viability of AML12 hepatocytes; RT-PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression levels of PCNA, CyclinD1, and Ki67 in AML12 hepatocytes, and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression levels of STAT3, p-STAT3, PCNA, and CyclinD1. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsAfter 24 and 48 hours of APAP treatment, compared with the control group, all concentration groups had a significant reduction in the viability of AML12 hepatocytes (all P<0.05), with a viability of 0.717±0.0271 and 0.752±0.0141, respectively, when the concentration of APAP was 2.5 mmol/L, which was significantly different from that in the control group (all P<0.05) and met the conditions of subsequent experiment. Compared with the control group, the 24-hour APAP (2.5 mmol/L) group had significant reductions in the mRNA expression of PCNA, CyclinD1, and Ki67 (all P<0.01); compared with the 24-hour APAP group, the 48-hour APAP (2.5 mmol/L) group had significant increases in the mRNA expression of PCNA, CyclinD1, and Ki67 (all P<0.01); therefore, a model of hepatocyte regeneration after in vitro AML12 hepatocyte injury was established by stimulation with APAP 2.5 mmol/L for 48 hours. After the addition of AG490, there was no significant difference in viability between the control group and the 10 and 50 μmol/L AG490 groups, and the other groups had a significant reduction in viability (all P<0.01); compared with the APAP group, the AG490 (50 μmol/L)+APAP group and the AG490 (100 μmol/L)+APAP group had a significant reduction in viability (P<0.01); therefore, 50 μmol/L AG490 was selected as the concentration for subsequent experiment. Compared with the control group, the APAP group had a significant increase in the protein expression level of p-STAT3 (P<0.01), while the AG490 group and the APAP+AG490 group had a significant reduction (both P<0.05); compared with the APAP group, the APAP+AG490 group had significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA and CyclinD1 and the mRNA expression levels of PCNA, CyclinD1, and Ki67 (all P<0.05). ConclusionSTAT3 participates in hepatocyte proliferation after APAP-induced hepatocyte injury in mice, while AG490, as an STAT3 inhibitor, can inhibit hepatocyte proliferation after APAP-induced hepatocyte injury by inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL