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1.
Clinics ; 68(2): 225-230, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-668811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Herniated discs and degenerative disc disease are major health problems worldwide. However, their pathogenesis remains obscure. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of these ailments and to identify underlying therapeutic targets. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the GSE23130 microarray datasets downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, differentially co-expressed genes and links were identified using the differentially co-expressed gene and link method with a false discovery rate ,0.25 as a significant threshold. Subsequently, the underlying molecular mechanisms of the differential co-expression of these genes were investigated using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis. In addition, the transcriptional regulatory relationship was also investigated. RESULTS: Through the analysis of the gene expression profiles of different specimens from patients with these diseases, 539 differentially co-expressed genes were identified for these ailments. The ten most significant signaling pathways involving the differentially co-expressed genes were identified by enrichment analysis. Among these pathways, apoptosis and extracellular matrix-receptor interaction pathways have been reported to be related to these diseases. A total of 62 pairs of regulatory relationships between transcription factors and their target genes were identified as critical for the pathogenesis of these diseases. CONCLUSION: The results of our study will help to identify the mechanisms responsible for herniated discs and degenerative disc disease and provides a theoretical basis for further therapeutic study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/genetics , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/genetics , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/metabolism , Protein Array Analysis , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factors/analysis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669449

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the outcome and postoperative reaction of dural substitute (Neuropatch) applying in the treatment of Chiari I malformation(CMI) associated with syringomyelia(SM). Methods:Forty patients of CMI associated with SM were operated in our department from Jul. 2002 to Jul. 2004. All patients underwent posterior cranial fossa decompression and duraplasty. They were divided into two groups, 20 patients being repaired with Neuropatch (Neuropatch group), and the others with autologous fascia lata (fascia group). There were 6 males and 14 females in Neuropatch group and 10 males and 10 females in fascia group. The operations were performed under general anesthesia via suboccipital approach and the extent of posterior cranial fossa decompression ranged from 20 cm2 (5 cm×4 cm) to 35 cm2 (5 cm×7 cm). The removal of posterior arch of atlas depended on the extent of tonsillar herniation, and the dura was opened in Y shape. The Neuropatch was cut into triangular shape, and the same sized autologous fascia lata was used in fascia group. The patches were sutured tightly to the dura matter in each group. The incision was closed layer by layer and drainage was used, if necessary. Antibiotics and hormone were routinely used. The duration of operation, postoperative fever were evaluated, the outcome of the operation was evaluated by Tator scale, and the data were analyzed with statistic software SPSS 10.0. Results: There were12 patients (60%) who suffered from postoperative fever in the Neuropatch group, and 9 patients (45%) in the fascia group(χ2=0.902,P=0.342). Seventeen patients in each group were improved postoperatively. The duration of operation, postoperative fever and antibiotics used were compared between the two groups. No significant difference was found, but the duration of postoperative fever and the time of hormone used were different. There were no postoperative infections that occurred after the follow up for 1 to 2 years, except for one patient in fascia group who developed infective granuloma and recovered later by treatment. Conclusion: Neuropatch is a useful dural substitute for the repair of dural defects in the treatment of CMI associated with syringomyelia.

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