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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 522-527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the overlapping prevalence and risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) among rural adults in Shaanxi Province.Methods:From February 1 to October 31 in 2019, 12 villages in Shaanxi Province were randomly selected for household questionnaire survey through multistage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 2 423 subjects were enrolled, including 1 037 males and 1 386 females, with age of (45.3±16.9) years old. GERD was diagnosed according to the Montreal criteria, FD and IBS were diagnosed according to the Rome Ⅳ criteria. The overlapping prevalence of the three diseases were calculated. The risk factors for the overlapping of GERD, FD and IBS were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used for statistical analysis.Results:Among the 2 423 subjects, 624 cases had GERD (302 cases), FD (377 cases) or IBS (167 cases), of which 30.77% (192/624) patients had overlap of ≥two diseases. The overlap rates of GERD and FD, GERD and IBS, FD and IBS, GERD, FD and IBS were 2.56% (62/2 423), 1.61% (39/2 423), 2.52% (61/2 423) and 1.24% (30/2 423), respectively. The results of Multivariate analysis showed that female and migraine without aura were positively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, and GERD and IBS (odds ratio ( OR)=3.08, 2.68, 3.66, 7.37, 5.91 and 4.46, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.35 to 7.01, 1.35 to 5.30, 1.52 to 8.83, 3.97 to 13.69, 1.78 to 19.60 and 2.01 to 9.92; all P<0.05). Heavy drinking (alcohol intake≥50 g/d (male) or≥30 g/d (female)) was positively correlated with the overlap of FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=3.69, 4.20 and 4.91, 95% CI 1.19 to 11.48, 1.01 to 17.50 and 1.23 to 19.52; all P<0.05). Heavy smoking (smoking≥20 cigarettes per day) was positively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=3.44, 6.25, 8.27 and 7.04, 95% CI 1.07 to 11.01, 1.60 to 24.44, 1.80 to 38.07 and 1.76 to 28.12; all P<0.05). The educational level of junior or senior high school and age≥60 years old were negatively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=0.47, 0.29, 0.20, 0.05, 0.23, 0.10, 0.37 and 0.16, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.93, 0.09 to 0.95, 0.09 to 0.42, 0.01 to 0.19, 0.09 to 0.60, 0.02 to 0.65, 0.15 to 0.87 and 0.03 to 0.81; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The overlap of GERD, FD and IBS is common and affected by many factors. Female, age≥60 years old, heavy smoking, heavy drinking, low education level and history of migraine without aura are associated with multiple overlaps of GERD, FD and IBS.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565016

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of rosiglitazone,an agonist of proliferators activated receptor?(PPAR?),on expression of nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-?B)in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMC)of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome(MODS) rats.Methods Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups(n = 6 per group): vehicle control group,endotoxin(LPS) group,rosiglitazone(ROSI) pretreatment group,and PPAR-?antagonist GW9662 pretreatment group.Blood was taken 4 hours after operation,and mononuclear cells were separated.The expression of NF-?B p65in PBMC was detected by immunocytochemical method and image analysis was carried out.Results The expression of NF-?B p65 was low in vehicle control group.In LPS group,the expression of NF-?B p65 was significantly higher than that in vehicle control group(P0.05).Conclusion Rosiglitazone protected the MODS rats by inhibiting NF-?B activation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527992

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between circulating endothelial cell(CEC)(numbers),blood lipid levels and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome(MODS) and their clinical(significance).Methods: CECs were separated by isopyknic centrifugation method and blood lipid was(determined) in(35 MODS) patients and 20 healthy controls.CEC numbers and blood lipid were compared in both groups.(Acute) physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ) score was recorded to evaluate the severity of the MODS patients.The relationships were analyzed between APACHEⅡ score and CEC numbers,(between) APACHEⅡ and blood lipid levels and between CEC numbers and blood lipid levels.Results: CEC numbers in MODS patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls(P

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544038

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of the number of circulating endothelial cells (CEC) and blood lipid level in critically ill patients and their clinical significance. Methods The CECs were separated by using isopyknic centrifugation method and blood lipid level was determined in 35 critically ill patients and 20 healthy controls. CEC number and blood lipid level were compared between the two groups. And the correlation of CEC number and blood lipid level was analyzed. Clinical data from the critically ill patients was evaluated with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ; the correlation analysis of APACHEⅡscore, CEC number and blood lipid level was made. Results CEC number in the critically ill patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls(P

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592153

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the key factors which affect maintenance cost of large-scale medical equipment. Methods The basic factors which affect maintenance cost of medical imagining equipment were summarized. The relationships of them are analyzed and then an interpretative structure mode of each factor was set. Additionally, the multiple relationship and controllability between each factor were also analyzed and the judging standard of key factors was set. Results The maintenance policy and mode were the key factors which affect maintenance cost of medical imagining equipment. Conclusion High quality maintenance for equipment condition and scientific optimization of the maintenance policy are necessary to fundamentally reduce the maintenance cost of large-scale medical equipment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539804

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the stability of unilateral external fixator for tibial fracture in its middle in condition of different distribution and number of screws. Methods The experiment model was made when eighteen human corpse tibial transverse fractures had been fixated with unilateral external fixation, which were divided into six groups. In each group, resistance fragments were adhered to be close to the transverse tibial fracture and near the screw-bone interface(SBI), including three screw distribution models, which were well distributed, close to and far off the fracture site distribution. Each model had also been accomplished according to the conditions of four and six screws before compression load of the same magnitude, the same direction and the same loading position. This method was used to observed the values of strain of SBI and axial displacement at the fracture site at grade load. Results ① Under compression condition, the models displacements and the force at Y-axial were the smallest when screw distribution was even in four or six screws and much better than those of four screws. ② The stability at the condition of six screws was stronger than that of four screws. Conclusion The even distribution of four screws is reasonable when tibial fractures are treated with unilateral external fixation, and six screws can be choosen if conditions permit.

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