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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669047


Objective To describe the cardiovascular risk profile of inpatients with schizophrenia and estimate the 10-year CVD risk in schizophrenia patients. Methods Four hundred sixty-six randomly selected cases of schizophrenia patients and 507 health controls were included in the study. Body mass index (BMI), Fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG),,total cholesterol (TC), smoking rate (smoking people/total people), Framing-ham Risk Score (FRS), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and age of the vessel (VA). The 10-year cardiovascular risk(FRS) and age of the vessel (VA) were assessed using the Framing-ham Risk Score. Results 10-year CVD risk was significantly higher in patients with schizophrenia than in control group [(6.71 ±6.95)% vs. (4.76 ±3.07)%], (P<0.05). Comparing with the control group, smoking prevalence[(41%) vs. (19%)], MS[(25%) vs. (17%)], BMI[(23.67 ±3.61)kg/m2 vs. (21.73±4.11)kg/m2] and VA[(46.7±15.3) vs. (43.7±9.8)] were higher in patients group. SBP[(119.86±14.90)mmHg vs. (128.10±15.41)mmHg] and HDL-C [(1.08±0.27)mmol/L vs. (1.38±0.22)mmol/L] were lower in patients group than in the healthy controls. The FRS score of the patient group was positively correlated with BMI, FBG level and SBP, waist circumference and smoking index (P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with the levels of HDL-C. Multivariate Linear Regression analysis demonstrated that FRS was correlated with FBG (β=0.181,P<0.01)、SBP (β=0.149,P<0.01)、HDL-C (β=-0.107,P<0.01) and smoking index(β=0.554,P<0.01). Conclusion The risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with schizophrenia over the next 10 years is 6.7%, which is significantly higher compared with the control group. Fasting blood glucose, systolic blood pressure, high density lipoprotein, smoking may be associated with 10-year CVD risk of schizophrenia patients.