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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885166

ABSTRACT

A 56-year-old female was admitted to Department of Gastroenterology at Peking Union Medical College Hospital with diarrhea for seven months, and abnormal liver function for six months. She had a history of type 1 diabetes. The main clinical manifestations were recurrent fatty diarrhea and abnormal liver function, accompanied by abdominal and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, elevated CA19-9 and CEA. Progressive impairment of hepatic synthetic function and shrinkage of liver developed in a short period of time. The pathology of liver biopsy suggested that nodular regeneration of hepatocytes was followed by hyperplasia of thin bile ducts after submassive necrosis. Intestinal mucosa biopsies were performed twice. The pathology showed that the intestinal villi were completely blunt, accompanied with crypt hyperplasia. Goblet cells disappeared with reduced mucin. Paneth cells were barely seen without intraepithelial infiltration of lymphocytes. Rifaximin was not effective, while glucocorticoids improved clinical situation. The diagnosis of autoimmune enteropathy was finally confirmed by multidisciplinary team including departments of gastroenterology, pathology, endocrinology, hematology, infectious diseases, and rheumatology. With the administration of glucocorticoid and sirolimus, diarrhea relieved and liver function returned to normal.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 616-620, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873807

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association of Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) response with the prognosis of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial embolization (TACE). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 190 patients with unresectable HCC who were consecutively admitted to Department of Liver Disease and Digestive Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, and treated with TACE from January 2010 to December 2014. The mRECIST criteria were used to evaluate imaging response after TACE; the patients with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) were enrolled as response group(n=89), and those with progressive disease (PD) or stable disease (SD) were enrolled as non-response group(n=101). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate median survival time, and the log-rank test was used for comparison between groups; the Cox regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for prognosis. ResultsAccording to the mRECIST criteria, 39 patients (20.5%) achieved CR, 50 (26.3%) achieved PR, 67 (35.3%) had SD, and 34 (17.9%) had PD. The objective response rate based on mRECIST was 46.8% for the whole population. The response group had a significantly longer survival time than the non-response group, and the median survival time was 29.9 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 25.0-34.8) months for the response group and 7.5 (95% CI: 5.7-9.3) months for the non-response group (P<0.001). The multivariate analysis showed that mRECIST response (hazard ratio [HR]=2.02, P<0.001), hepatitis B (HR=4.03, P<0.001), and portal invasion (HR=2.12, P=0.008) were independent risk factors for survival. ConclusionThe mRECIST response has a certain value in predicting the prognosis of patients with unresectable HCC after TACE.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role and mechanism of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) in mouse neuronal development.@*METHODS@#The mice with Synapsin1-Cre recombinase were bred with @*RESULTS@#The mice with @*CONCLUSIONS@#Deletion of


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Histone Deacetylase 1/genetics , Histone Deacetylase 2 , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, plasma levels of hydrogen sulfide(H 2S) and the relationship between the genotype and phenotype of cardiovascular involvement in children with methylmalonic acidemia and homocystinemia. Methods:The clinical and laboratory data of 66 outpatients diagnosed with methylmalonic acidemia combined with homocystinemia in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from January 2014 to July 2014 were collected and analyzed respectively, and the patients were divided into 2 groups: cardiovascular involvement group (10 cases) and non-cardiovascular involvement group(56 cases). The differences in the clinical characteristics, plasma levels of H 2S and genotypes were compared between 2 groups. Results:(1) There were 45 cases of early-onset children under 1 year old, including 4 cases of cardiovascular system involvement and 41 cases of non-cardiovascular system involvement.Twenty-one cases had onset above 1 year old, including 6 cases of cardiovascular system involvement and 15 cases of non-cardiovascular system involvement. There were 44 male children, including 8 cases with cardiovascular system involvement and 36 cases without cardiovascular system involvement; 22 cases female children, including 2 cases with cardiovascular system involvement and 20 cases without cardiovascular system involvement. There was no significant difference in onset age and gender distribution between the 2 groups ( χ2=2.910, 0.368, all P>0.05). (2)In the 10 cases with cardiovascular involvement, there were 3 cases with hypertension, 2 cases with hypertension combined with pulmonary hypertension, 2 cases with mild myocardial hypertrophy, 1 case with atrial septal defect combined with pulmonary hypertension, 1 case with pulmonary hypertension, 1 case with myocardial noncompaction.Compared with the non-cardiovascular involvement group, the proportion of kidney involvement was increased and that of nervous system was decreased in cardiovascular system involvement group( χ2=20.34, 5.79, all P<0.05), the proportion of hematological system involvement between the 2 groups had no significant differences ( χ2=1.28, P>0.05). The plasma levels of hydrogen sulfide of children with cardiovascular involvement was significantly lower than that of non-cardiovascular involvement[(33.8±3.6) μmol/L vs.(39.3±5.2) μmol/L, t=-3.22, P<0.01]. (3) MMACHC gene mutation (cblC type) was identified in all 46 patients.It was found that the most common type of gene mutation was c. 80A>G in cardiovascular involvement group, while c. 609G>A was the most common type of gene mutation in non-cardiovascular involvement group. Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of children with methylmalonic acidemia and homocystinemia involving cardiovascular system are multiple and prone to multiple system involvement, especially renal involvement.A decrease in plasma hydrogen sulfide levels may be involved in the involvement of its cardiovascular system.The MMACHC gene c. 80A>G mutation is the most common genetic mutation site in children with cardiovascular involvement with methylmalonic acidemia and homocystinemia.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of single nucleotide polymorphism and haplotype of human leucocyte antigen G 3′untranslated region gene, which possibly could be predictive roles in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion patients.Methods:Case-control method was used in this study. 70 cases of pregnant women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion and 54 cases of prenatal examination women whose peripheral blood and serum were collected in Wenzhou Hospital of Chinese Traditional Medicine were recorded from June 2017 to July 2018. Blood gene DNA was extracted by centrifuge column and was amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Sanger sequencing method was used for genotyping. The genotypes frequency, linkage imbalance analysis and haplotypes construction of SNPs were analyzed by SHEsis online software and Phase software. Serum soluble HLA-G concentration was detected by ELISA.Results:There were eight SNPs, including 14bp ins/del,+3003C/T,+3010G/C,+3027A/C,+3035C/T,+3142C/G,+3187A/G and+3196C/G, were detected in both the URSA group and the control group. Results showed that the distribution differences of+3010G/C,+3142C/G and+3187A/G between the two groups were statistically significant (χ 2=8.514, P=0.004; χ 2=0.552, P=0.021; χ 2=8.183, P=0.005) .The C allele at the+3010G/C site and the G allele at the +3142C/G site might be risk factors for URSA ( OR=2.131, 95 %CI=1.278-3.552, χ 2=8.514, P=0.004; OR=1.813, 95 %CI=1.091-3.013, χ 2=0.552, P=0.021) ;the G allele at +3187A/G site might be a protective factor for URSA ( OR=0.476, 95 %CI=0.285-0.794, χ 2=8.183, P=0.005) .Haplotype analysis revealed that UTR-1 (DTGCCCGC) might be a protective factor for URSA ( OR=0.497, 95 %CI=0.295-0.837,χ 2=6.987, P=0.008), while UTR-3 (DTCCCGAC) might be a risk factor for URSA ( OR=1.732, 95 %CI=1.009-2.974, χ 2=3.998, P=0.045).The frequency of UTR-1/UTR-1 homozygous in URSA patients was lower than that in normal patients obviously( OR=0.381, 95 %CI=0.165-0.879, χ 2=5.292, P=0.024), which might be a protective factor for pregnancy. No association was found between serum soluble HLA-G and HLA-G 3′UTR gene haplotypes in URSA ( t=1.578, P=0.119) . Conclusions:HLA-G 3′UTR gene polymorphism and haplotypes are correlated with URSA. The study lays a foundation for future research and provides a basis for clinical individualized medicine.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787705

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between exposure to famine in fetus and infant period and the risks for hypertension in adulthood. A total of 5 960 participants born between 1956 and 1965 were included in the study and were divided into unexposed group (1963-1965), fetal exposed group (1959-1961), early- childhood exposed group (1956-1958) and transitional group (1962). Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between famine exposure in early life and the risk for hypertension in adulthood. Both the fetal exposure and the early-childhood exposure were the risk factors for hypertension in adulthood (=1.249, 95: 1.049-1.486 and =1.360, 95: 1.102-1.679). Meanwhile, in rural area, compared with unexposed group, the fetal exposure (=1.401, 95: 1.091-1.798) and the early-childhood exposure (=1.460, 95: 1.145-1.862) were also associated with a greater risk of hypertension in adulthood. In addition, fetal exposure and early-childhood exposure to famine in women were associated with 36.0 and 31.9 increased risks for hypertension (95: 7.8-71.7 and 95: 4.8-66.0) according to the stratified analysis. Fetal exposure to famine might increase the risk for hypertension in adulthood.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798885

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between exposure to famine in fetus and infant period and the risks for hypertension in adulthood.@*Methods@#A total of 5 960 participants born between 1956 and 1965 were included in the study and were divided into unexposed group (1963-1965), fetal exposed group (1959-1961), early- childhood exposed group (1956-1958) and transitional group (1962). Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between famine exposure in early life and the risk for hypertension in adulthood.@*Results@#Both the fetal exposure and the early-childhood exposure were the risk factors for hypertension in adulthood (OR=1.249, 95%CI: 1.049-1.486 and OR=1.360, 95%CI: 1.102-1.679). Meanwhile, in rural area, compared with unexposed group, the fetal exposure (OR=1.401, 95%CI: 1.091-1.798) and the early-childhood exposure (OR=1.460, 95%CI: 1.145-1.862) were also associated with a greater risk of hypertension in adulthood. In addition, fetal exposure and early-childhood exposure to famine in women were associated with 36.0% and 31.9% increased risks for hypertension (95%CI: 7.8%-71.7% and 95%CI: 4.8%-66.0%) according to the stratified analysis.@*Conclusion@#Fetal exposure to famine might increase the risk for hypertension in adulthood.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 416-422, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the proliferative capacity of neural stem cells (NSCs) in rat hippocampus after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its relationship with Janus kinase 2/signaling and transcriptional activation factor 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway activity.Methods A total of 108 SD rats were randomly divided into control group (36 rats) and TBI group (72 rats).The TBI model was constructed by PinPointTM Precision Cortical Impactor.At 1,3,7,14,21 and 28 days after injury,the brain tissues were taken for immunofluorescence staining to detect the proliferation of NSCs [5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) +/stem cell key protein-2 (Sox2) +] in hippocampus,and phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2) and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) were detected by Western blot.The expression level of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 as well as the changing trend were analyzed.On the basis of preliminary analysis of the proliferation of NSCs and the change of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway activity in hippocampus,another 24 SD rats were randomly divided into TBI + normal saline group and TBI +AG490 (JAK2 specific inhibitor) group,with 12 rats in each group.At 7 days after injury,the proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus was detected by immunofluorescence staining,and the expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were detected by Western blot,so as to further confirm the correlation between the proliferation ability of NSCs in hippocampus and JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.Results Compared with the control group,the number of NSCs in the hippocampus of the TBI group and the expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 increased.And the most significant increase occurred at 7 days after injury [number of NSCs:31.2 ± 4.7 in the control group,111.4 ± 8.1 in the TBI group (P < 0.01);p-JAK2:1.11 ± 0.09 in the control group,2.16 ± 1.01 in the TBI group (P < 0.01);p-STAT3:1.05 ± 0.06 in the control group and 2.06 ± 0.09 in the TBI group (P < 0.01)].The proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus of TBI group was consistent with the change of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 expression.Seven days after injury,the expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 and the proliferation ability of NSCs in the TBI + AG490 were significantly decreased [p-JAK2:2.18 ± 0.15 in the TBI + isotonic saline group,1.24 ±0.10 in the TBI + AG490 group (P <0.01);p-STAT3:2.21 ±0.12 in the TBI + isotonic saline group,1.25 ± 0.11 in the TBI + AG490 group (P < 0.01);NSCs number:112.8 ± 8.6 in the TBI + isotonic saline group,75.5 ± 6.4 in the TBI + AG490 group (P < 0.05)].Conclusions The proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus of rats increased after TBI,and the activity of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway also increased,following the same trend.JAK2 inhibitor AG490 can reduce the activity of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and the proliferation of NSCs.This can provide reference for researches on TBI promoting nerve regeneration and function repair.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742759

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and PD-L2 and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients and their correlations with clinicopathological features and prognosis. Methods A total of 68 paraffin-embedded specimens of DLBCL patients diagnosed in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital with detailed follow-up record from January 2010 to December 2012 were included in the study. The expressions of PD-L1, PD-L2 and p-AKT proteins in DLBCL were detected by using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results The positive rate of PD-L1 protein in DLBCL patients was 22.1% (15/68), which was related to germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype or not (χ2= 5.591, P= 0.018), clinical stage (χ2= 3.969, P= 0.046), international prognostic index (IPI) grades (χ2=4.178, P=0.041) and treatment remission rate (χ2=6.587, P=0.010). The positive rate of PD-L2 protein in DLBCL patients was 14.7% (10/68), which was related to extranodal metastasis or not (χ2=6.772, P= 0.009). The positive rate of p-AKT for DLBCL patients was 61.8% (42/68), which was correlated with age (≥60 years old) or not (χ2=6.227, P=0.013), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) grades (χ2=4.005, P=0.045), B symptoms (χ2=10.187, P=0.001) and treatment remission rate (χ2=4.096, P=0.043). Univariate survival analysis showed that the overall survival (OS) rate and progression free survival (PFS) rate of PD-L1 protein positive expression group were lower than those of PD-L1 protein negative expression group (both P< 0.05). In the patients with non-GCB subtype, OS rate and PFS rate of PD-L1 protein positive expression group were lower than those of PD-L1 protein negative expression group (both P<0.05). p-AKT protein positive expression group had poorer OS rate and PFS rate compared to p-AKT negative expression group (both P< 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that PD-L1 protein expression was correlated with PD-L2 and p-AKT proteins expressions (r= 0.380, P= 0.001;r= 0.273, P= 0.025). The prognosis was worse when p-AKT and PD-L1 proteins was co-expressed (P< 0.05). Multivariate analysis suggested high expressions of PD-L1 and p-AKT proteins were independent prognosis risk factors in DLBCL (both P<0.05). Conclusions The expressions of PD-L1 and p-AKT proteins may be involved in the occurrence and development of DLBCL. Blocking PD-1 and PD-L1 access or combined blocking could provide a promising future for the clinical therapy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 588-592, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791348

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) with interstitial lung diseases (ILD),and review the literature.Methods The medical records of inpatients with AOSD and ILD from January 2000 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed,and papers were searched and summarized with the key words "adult onset Still's disease" and "interstitial lung diseases".Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to test if variables met normal distribution.Measurement data which was normally distributed was described as Mean ±SD.Measurement data which was not normally distributed was described as median and interquartile range.Results Among the 15 patients included in the study,six were male,and nine were female,and the mean age was (50±12) years.All of the 15 patients had fever,and the average temperature was (39.4±0.4) ℃.Eleven patients had rash,and 12 patients had arthralgia,seven patients presented with cough,and eight patients presented with short of breath.The high resolution computed tomography of the chest presented as ground glass opacity in nine patients,grid shadow in three patients and consolidation in three patients.All the 15 patients received glucocorticoids,and 10 patients received immunosuppressants at the same time.One patient was lost to follow up,four patients died (three patients died of respiratory failure and one patient died of myocardial infarction),10 patients improved.Conclusion Patients with AOSD can also have ILD,which should be alerted by clinicians.Early treatment with glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants if infection is excluded may bring good prognosis,and it is easy to relapse when glucocorticoids is tapered off.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817867

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial disease is a heterogeneous group of hereditary diseases caused by the defects in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and abnormal cellular energy metabolism.Heart is one of the most common organs involved,and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common and important type of cardiac involvement in mitochondrial disease. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the patients with mitochondrial disease with childhood onset is more common than those with adulthood onset. Mortality in children with cardiac involvement caused by mitochondrial disease is significantly higher than that in children without cardiac involvement,so the early diagnosis and treatment is very important. But the early diagnosis is still difficult due to the complexity of clinical manifestations of mitochondrial disease. There is no specific treatment for mitochondrial disease and its associated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,so supportive therapy is still the main treatment.

12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 302-308, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816836

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate oxidative stress-mediated damage to the epididymal epithelial tight junction protein ZO-1 and its impact on epididymal function in varicocele rats.@*METHODS@#We randomly divided 45 male adolescent SD rats into three groups of equal number: sham operation (left renal vein exposed and isolated), experimental (left renal vein constricted and collaterals of the left spermatic vein fully ligated), and treatment (60-day intragastric administration of vitamin E at 150 mg/kg/d after modeling). At 60 days after modeling, we observed the histological changes in the left epididymis, detected the expressions of ZO-1 and other tight junction-related proteins by real-time quantitative PCR, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting, determined sperm motility, and measured the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), methylene dioxyamphetamine (MDA) and α-glucosidase (α-Glu) in the epididymal tissue of the rats.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats of the sham operation group, those of the experimental group showed disorganized epithelial structure and decreased number of epithelial cells in the left epididymis, with some epithelial cells desquamated into the lumen. The expression of ZO-1 was significantly lower in the experimental than in the sham operation group (P < 0.05) but markedly upregulated after VE treatment (P < 0.05). In comparison with the sham operation group, the animals in the experimental group exhibited remarkably increased content of MDA in the epididymal tissue ([0.41 ± 0.05] vs [1.21 ± 0.18] nmol/mg prot, P < 0.05) but decreased levels of SOD ([814.65 ± 73.64] vs [298.62 ± 67.84] U/mg prot, P < 0.05), T-AOC ([0.84 ± 0.07] vs [0.24 ± 0.04] nmol/mg prot, P < 0.05) and α-Glu ([11.72 ± 2.72] vs [5.82 ± 1.24] U/mg prot, P < 0.05). VE treatment, however, remarkably reduced the content of MDA ([0.69 ± 0.12] nmol/mg prot) and elevated the levels of SOD ([497.73 ± 48.03] U/mg prot), T-AOC ([0.42 ± 0.06] nmol/mg prot) and α-Glu ([9.11 ± 1.91] U/mg prot) as compared with those in the experimental group (all P < 0.05). The percentage of progressively motile sperm was significantly lower in the experimental than in the sham operation group ([31.33 ± 6.32]% vs [71.21 ± 5.21]%, P < 0.05), but markedly increased after VE treatment ([60.68 ± 5.31]%, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Varicocele reduces the expression of the EETJ protein ZO-1 and impairs epididymal function via oxidative stress, while vitamin E can effectively upregulate the ZO-1 expression and improve epididymal function by decreasing oxidative stress in the epididymis of varicocele rats.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 588-592, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798041

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) with interstitial lung diseases (ILD), and review the literature.@*Methods@#The medical records of inpatients with AOSD and ILD from January 2000 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and pa-pers were searched and summarized with the key words "adult onset Still's disease" and "interstitial lung diseases". Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to test if variables met normal distribution. Measurement data which was normally distributed was described as Mean±SD. Measurement data which was not normally distributed was described as median and interquartile range.@*Results@#Among the 15 patients included in the study, six were male, and nine were female, and the mean age was (50±12) years. All of the 15 patients had fever, and the average temperature was (39.4±0.4) ℃. Eleven patients had rash, and 12 patients had arthralgia, seven patients presented with cough, and eight patients presented with short of breath. The high resolution computed tomography of the chest presented as ground glass opacity in nine patients, grid shadow in three patients and consolidation in three patients. All the 15 patients received glucocorticoids, and 10 patients received immunosuppressants at the same time. One patient was lost to follow up, four patients died (three patients died of respiratory failure and one patient died of myocardial infarction), 10 patients improved.@*Conclusion@#Patients with AOSD can also have ILD, which should be alerted by clinicians. Early treatment with glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants if infection is excluded may bring good prognosis, and it is easy to relapse when glucocorticoids is tapered off.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 411-419, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Vasovagal syncope (VVS) is common in children and greatly affect both physical and mental health. But the mechanisms have not been completely explained. This study was designed to analyze the gut microbiota in children with VVS and explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Fecal samples from 20 VVS children and 20 matched controls were collected, and the microbiota were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The diversity and microbiota compositions of the VVS cases and controls were compared with the independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test. The correlation between the predominant bacteria and clinical symptoms was analyzed using Pearson or Spearman correlation test.@*RESULTS@#No significant differences in diversity were evident between VVS and controls (P > 0.05). At the family level, the relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae was significantly higher in VVS children than in controls (median [Q1, Q3]: 22.10% [16.89%, 27.36%] vs. 13.92% [10.31%, 20.18%], Z = -2.40, P  4, P < 0.05). The relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae in VVS patients was positively correlated with the frequency of syncope (r = 0.616, P < 0.01). In terms of its correlation with hemodynamics, we showed that relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae was negatively correlated with the systolic and diastolic pressure reduction at the positive response in head-up tilt test (HUTT; r = -0.489 and -0.448, all P < 0.05), but was positively correlated with the mean pressure drop and decline rate (r = 0.489 and 0.467, all P < 0.05) as well as diastolic pressure drop and decline rate at the HUTT positive response (r = 0.579 and 0.589, all P < 0.01) in VVS patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Ruminococcaceae was the predominant gut bacteria and was associated with the clinical symptoms and hemodynamics of VVS, suggesting that gut microbiota might be involved in the development of VVS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Metabolism , Female , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Male , Ruminococcus , Physiology , Syncope, Vasovagal , Microbiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 597-602, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807214

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of PD-L1 protein expression and gene amplification in gastric cancer and their correlation with clinicopathologic factors.@*Methods@#The cohort included 247 gastric cancer specimens with follow-up data and clinicopathologic data obtained from Shanxi Cancer Hospital in 2011. PD-L1 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*Results@#PD-L1 protein was expressed in 25.9% (64/247) of the tumor cells and 26.7% (66/247) of the tumor infiltrating immune cells (IC). There was a correlation between the two (P<0.01). The expression of PD-L1 in tumor cells correlated with the degree of differentiation and tumor diameter(P<0.05). The PD-L1 expression in IC correlated with vascular tumor thrombi(P<0.05). The amplification rate of PD-L1 gene detected by FISH was 19.0% (47/247), and was associated with age, large/small curvature of the stomach, tumor location, tumor diameter, and lymph node metastasis(P<0.05). The positive coincidence rate of the two methods was 25.0% (16/64), negative coincidence rate was 83.0% (152/183), and total coincidence rate was 68.0% (168/247), suggesting that the coincidence of IHC and FISH was poor (P=0.157). There was a negative correlation between PD-L1 protein expression on tumor cells and prognosis in gastric cancer. There was no significant correlation between PD-L1 protein expression on IC and PD-L1 gene amplification with prognosis. Vascular tumor thrombi, tumor diameter, depth of invasion, and lymph node metastasis were all poor prognostic factors of gastric cancer(P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that PD-L1 protein expression, depth of invasion and lymph node metastasis were all independent prognostic risk factors for gastric cancer.@*Conclusions@#Concordance between PD-L1 protein expression and gene amplification is poor. PD-L1 protein expression may signify poor prognosis. There is no significant correlation between PD-L1 gene amplification and prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 866-871, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore effects and mechanism of resveratrol on apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell in diabetic rats. Methods: The mRNA level of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP1),macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and in-terleukin 18 (IL-18) was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Myocardial fibrosis was analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Masson staining. Apoptosis was tested by flow cytometry. The expression of Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved caspase-9,B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2),Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax),PI3K,p-PI3K,AKT and p-AKT was measured by Western blot. Results: The mRNA levels of MCP1,MIF and IL-18 in STZ-induced diabetic were reduced by resveratrol (P<0. 05). The aggravation of myocardial fibrosis in STZ-induced diabetic rats was ameliorated by resveratrol. Apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell in STZ-induced diabetic rat group was higher than control group (P<0. 05 ) . Compared with STZ-induced diabetic rat group, apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell in STZ+ resveratrol group was decreased (P<0. 05). What′s more,the expression of Cleaved caspase-3,Cleaved caspase-9 and Bax in STZ-induced diabetic rats were inhibited by resveratrol(P<0. 05). And the expression of Bcl-2 in STZ-induced diabetic rats was elevated by resveratrol(P<0. 05). Compared with control group,the rate of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in STZ-induced diabetic rat group was decreased (P<0. 05). The rate of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in STZ+ resveratrol group was higher than STZ-induced diabetic rat group ( P<0. 05). Conclusion: Resveratrol represses apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell in STZ-induced diabetic rats through activating of PI3K/AKT signal pathway.

17.
Journal of Medical Informatics ; (12): 8-11,32, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700723

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces impact of deep sequencing technology on biomedical research and the society,discusses challenges confronting and opportunities enjoyed by deep sequencing data parsing and its application in health management,including aspects like data access,computing technology,data application,lack of talent and interdisciplinary talent education,etc.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700722

ABSTRACT

Translational biomedical informatics is a new discipline integrating bioinformatics,medical informatics with translational medicine.The paper discusses the rise and ecology of the discipline,pointing out that full sharing of data is the foundation,complete genotype-clinical phenotype is the core and precise prediction that solves complicated diseases is the key,and analyzing the connotation of the discipline and development trend against the big data background profoundly.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699981

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the axial flowing velocity of a suspension carbon particles of tens of micrometer-scale with an autocorrelation method.Methods The photoacoustic Doppler frequency shift was calculated from a series of individual A scans using an autocorrelation method.A 532 nm pulsed laser with the repetition rate of 20 Hz was used as a pumping source to generate photoacoustic signals.The photoacoustic signals were detected using a focused PZT ultrasound transducer with central frequency of 5 MHz.The suspension of carbon particles was driven by a syringe pump.The complex photoacoustic signal was calculated by the Hilbert transformation from time-domain photoacoustic signal.The complex photoacoustic signal was then autocorrelated to calculate Doppler frequency shift. The photoacoustic Doppler frequency shift was calculated by averaging the autocorrelation results of individual A scans.Results The feasibility of the proposed autocorrelation method was preliminarily demonstrated by quantifying the motion of a carbon particles suspension flow from 5 to 60 mm/s. The experimental results showed that the autocorrelation result approximately agreed with the setting velocity linearly.Conclusion It's feasible to measure photoacoustic Doppler flowmetry of carbon particles,and an ultrasonic transducer with high central frequency may promote the linear correlation between the autocorrelation result and flow rate during frequency shift measure-ment.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699443

ABSTRACT

Objective :To analyze influence of probucol combined atorvastatin on hemodynamics and blood lipids in patients with large artery cerebral infarction (LACI).Methods :A total of 92 LACI patients were randomly and e-qually divided into atorvastatin group and combined treatment group (received atorvastatin combined probucol ) , both groups were treated for six months .Therapeutic effect etc indexes before and after treatment were compared between two groups .Results :Compared with atorvastatin group after six-month treatment ,there were significant reductions in levels of TC [ (4.57 ± 0.82) mmol/L vs.(3.23 ± 0.71) mmol/L] ,TG [ (1.37 ± 0.45) mmol/L vs. (1.02 ± 0.34) mmol/L] ,LDL-C [ (2.52 ± 0.83) mmol/L vs .(1.50 ± 0.54) mmol/L] ,oxidized low density lipo-protein [ox-LDL ,(78.36 ± 14.05) mg/L vs.(58.37 ± 12.00) mg/L] ,left and right middle cerebral artery pulsatili-ty index (PI) [left :(0.84 ± 0.25) vs.(0.74 ± 0.14) ,right :(0.84 ± 0.23) vs.(0.74 ± 0.16)] and inflammatory factors ,and significant rise in total effective rate (69.57% vs.89.13% P=0.020) ,left and right middle cerebral systolic blood flow velocity (Vs) [left :(87.45 ± 15.58) cm/s vs.(95.48 ± 18.34) cm/s ,right :(89.27 ± 14.36) cm/s vs.(96.18 ± 14.03) cm/s] and mean blood flow velocity (Vm) [left :(60.90 ± 16.19) cm/s vs .(76.19 ± 17.40) cm/s ,right :(62.08 ± 17.23) cm/s vs .(91.38 ± 19.26) cm/s] in combined treatment group ,P<0.05 or <0.01. There was no significant difference in drug adverse reactions incidence rate between two groups , P=1. 000 .Conclu-sion :Therapeutic effect of probucol combined atorvastatin is significantly better than that of pure atorvastatin on large artery cerebral infarction .It can more significantly improve blood lipids and intracranial artery hemodynamics with anti-inflammatory effects .

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