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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1658-1661, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942836

ABSTRACT

Cataract is one of the most common causes of vision loss and even blindness in patients, and surgery is a proven and effective treatment option. Traditional cataract surgery for vision loss has increasingly given way to refractive cataract surgery as science and technology have progressed. There are also a variety of refractive intraocular lenses on the market place. Patients are increasingly accepting and recognizing multifocal intraocular lens(MIOL)as an alternative to traditional single focus intraocular lens(SIOL). Through classification and listing, the existing MIOL are discussed in this article, as well as the features of different types of MIOL and techniques for evaluating the clinical impacts of patients after surgery, so as to provide references for ophthalmologists.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940924

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the therapeutic effects of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and traditional surgical modes in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. 135 cases were treated with traditional surgery (non-TORS group), while 52 cases were treated with TORS (TORS group). The prognosis of the two groups of patients were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test, the influencing factors were analyzed by Cox regression model. Results: The 2-year overall survival (OS, 94.2%) and 2-year progression-free survival (PFS, 93.8%) of patients in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (71.4% and 71.4%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (93.3%) and 2-year PFS (92.8%) of TORS group patients in T1-2 stage were better than those of non-TORS group (73.1% and 72.8%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (95.8%) and 2-year PFS (95.2%) of patients with stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ in the TORS group were not significantly different from those in the non-TORS group (84.1% and 83.9%, respectively, P>0.05). The 2-year OS (92.9%) and 2-year PFS rate (92.7%) of patients with stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (64.7% and 63.9%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (94.4%) of HPV-positive patients in the TORS group was not significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (83.3%, P=0.222). The 2-year OS of HPV-negative patients in the TORS group (94.1%) was significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (43.7%, P<0.001). HPV status was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.008). Conclusions: TORS has a better prognosis in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma compared with the traditional treatment methods. The patients with T1-T2 can achieve better survival benefits after TORS treatment. The HPV-positive OPSCC patients has a better prognosis than that of HPV-negative OPSCC patients, and regardless of HPV status, OPSCC patients in the TORS group could obtain a better survival prognosis.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939917

ABSTRACT

Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), which catalyzes the conversion from L-phenylalanine to trans-cinnamic acid, is a well-known key enzyme and a connecting step between primary and secondary metabolisms in the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway of plants and microbes. Schisandra chinensis, a woody vine plant belonging to the family of Magnoliaceae, is a rich source of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans exhibiting potent activity. However, the functional role of PAL in the biosynthesis of lignan is relatively limited, compared with those in lignin and flavonoids biosynthesis. Therefore, it is essential to clone and characterize the PAL genes from this valuable medicinal plant. In this study, molecular cloning and characterization of three PAL genes (ScPAL1-3) from S. chinensis was carried out. ScPALs were cloned using RACE PCR. The sequence analysis of the three ScPALs was carried out to give basic characteristics followed by docking analysis. In order to determine their catalytic activity, recombinant protein was obtained by heterologous expression in pCold-TF vector in Escherichia coli (BL21-DE3), followed by Ni-affinity purification. The catalytic product of the purified recombinant proteins was verified using RP-HPLC through comparing with standard compounds. The optimal temperature, pH value and effects of different metal ions were determined. Vmax, Kcat and Km values were determined under the optimal conditions. The expression of three ScPALs in different tissues was also determined. Our work provided essential information for the function of ScPALs.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Phenylalanine/metabolism , Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins , Schisandra/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939828

ABSTRACT

Superchilling is an emerging technology for meat preservation; however, the temperature changes during the process have been commonly ignored. Thus, the effects of temperature fluctuations on meat quality during superchilling are yet to be evaluated. In our study, pork loins and salmon fillets were stored for several days (0, 8, 15, 23, and 30 d) under different temperature fluctuations based on -3.5 ℃ as the target temperature. The results showed that after 15 d of superchilling storage, the values of total volatile basic nitrogen, total viable count, and lipid oxidation were significantly (P<0.05) altered in the ±2.0 ℃ fluctuation group compared with the constant temperature group. On the contrary, there was no significant difference in these parameters between the ±1.0 ℃ fluctuation group and the constant temperature group after 30 d of storage. In addition, irregular temperature changes significantly accelerated the modulation of various indicators. In brief, temperature fluctuations and irregular temperature changes accelerated the destruction of muscle structural integrity, increased the water loss, gradually widened the water loss channels, and thereby reduced the edibility by accelerating the spoilage of meat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lipid Metabolism , Pork Meat , Red Meat , Salmon , Swine , Temperature
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of peripheral hemoglobin (Hb)-to-red cell distribution width (RDW) ratio (HRR) on the prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Data of 265 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. 132 healthy people in the same period were used as normal control group. The best cut-off points of HRR was determined by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve; the chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation of clinical characteristics with HRR; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of HRR patients in different groups; the Cox proportional risk model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The best cut-off value of HRR was 0.936, which was divided into low HRR group and high HRR group. The low HRR group had a higher ECOG score, higher incidence of advanced Ann Arbor stage, higher NCCN-IPI score, and elevated LDH level. K-M survival analysis showed that OS (P<0.001) and PFS (P<0.001) in the low HRR group were significantly shorter than that in the higher HRR group. The multivariate analysis revealed that HRR was an independent predictor of OS(HR=0.379,95%CI:0.237-0.605,P<0.001) and PFS (HR=0.384,95%CI:0.241-0.614,P<0.001) in DLBCL patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Low HRR(<0.936) in patients with DLBCL indicates a poor prognosis, which is an independent prognosis risk factor.


Subject(s)
Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobins , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of skin temperature, blood infusion and inflammatory cytokines of cutaneous tissue in the sensitized area of colitis model rats, as well as the relationship between sensory and sympathetic nerves and the formation of sensitized area, and to initially reveal the partial physical-chemical characteristics of the sensitized area in the colitis model rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty-five male SD rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=10), a model group (n=18) and a guanethidine group (n=7). 5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was adopted for 6-day free drinking to establish colitis model in the model group and the guanethidine group. On day 6 and 7, in the guanethidine group, guanethidine solution (30 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally for sympathetic block. On day 7, after injection of evans blue (EB) solution, the EB extravasation areas on the body surface were observed to investigate the distribution and physical-chemical characteristics of the sensitized area. The control area was set up, 0.5 cm away from the sensitized area, and with the same nerve segment innervation. Disease activity index (DAI) score of rats was compared between the normal group and the model group, and the morphological changes in the colon tissue were investigated with HE method. Using infrared thermal imaging technology and laser speckle flow imaging technology, skin temperature and blood infusion were determined in the sensitized area and the control area of the rats in the model group. Immunofluorescence technique was adopted to observe the expression levels of the positive nerve fibers of substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and the correlation with blood vessels; as well as the expression levels of SP positive nerve fibers/tryptase+ mast cells, and tryptase+ mast cells/5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in skin tissue in the sensitized area and the control area of the rats in the model group. MSD multi-level factorial method and ELISA were applied to determine the contents of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g. TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10) and anti-inflammatory substance corticosterone (CORT).@*RESULTS@#Sensitization occurred at the T12-S1 segments of the colitis model rats, especially at L2-L5 segments. Compared with the normal group, DAI score was increased in the rats of the model group (P<0.05), and the colonic mucosal damage was obvious, with the epithelial cells disordered, even disappeared, crypt destructed, submucosal edema and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated. In comparison with the control area, the skin temperature and blood infusion were increased in the sensitized area of the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01); as well as the expression levels of the positive nerve fibers of SP, CGRP and TH of skin tissue (P<0.05), which was specially distributed in peripheral vessels, the expression levels of SP positive nerve fibers/tryptase+ mast cells, and tryptase+ mast cells/5-HT of the skin tissue were all expanded (P<0.05) in the sensitized area of the model group. Compared with the model group, the number of sensitized areas was reduced in the guanethidine group (P<0.05). In comparison with the control area of the model group, in the sensitized area, the contents of pro-inflammatory cytokines, e.g. TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and the anti-inflammatory substance CORT of skin tissue were all increased (P<0.05); and the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α were negatively correlated with CORT (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The sensitized areas on the body surface of colitis rats are mainly distributed in the L2-L5 segments. Sensory and sympathetic nerves are involved in the acupoint sensitization, and the sensitized areas may have the dynamic changes in pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory substances.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Colitis/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Guanethidine , Interleukin-6 , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin , Skin Temperature , Substance P/genetics , Tryptases , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 471-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936034

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the regulatory effects and signaling mechanism of sodium ferulate on the proliferation and apoptosis of human skin hypertrophic scar fibroblasts (HSFbs). Methods: The experimental research methods were used. The 4th-6th passage of HSFbs from human skin were used for the following experiments. HSFbs were co-cultured with sodium ferulate at final mass concentrations of 1, 1×10-1, 1×10-2, 1×10-3, 1×10-4, 1×10-5, and 1×10-6 mg/mL for 48 hours, and methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium method was used to determine the cell absorbance values and linear regression was used to analyze the half lethal concentration (LC50) of sodium ferulate (n=6). HSFbs were co-cultured with sodium ferulate at final mass concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mg/mL for 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours, and methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium method was used to determine the cell absorbance values and the cell proliferation inhibition rate was calculated (n=3). According to the random number table, the cells were divided into 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, 0.030 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, 0.003 mg/mL sodium ferulate group treated with sodium ferulate at corresponding final mass concentrations, and negative control group without any treatment. After 72 hours of culture, the cell absorbance values were determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium method (n=5), the microscopic morphology of cells was observed by transmission electron microscope (n=3), the cell apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and the apoptosis index was calculated (n=4), the protein expressions of B lymphocystoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-3 (caspase-3) were determined by immunohistochemistry (n=4), and the protein expressions of transformed growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), phosphorylated Smad2/3, phosphorylated Smad4, and phosphorylated Smad7 were detected by Western blotting (n=4). Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and Dunnett test. Results: The LC50 of sodium ferulate was 0.307 5 mg/mL. After being cultured for 24-96 hours, the cell proliferation inhibition rates of cells treated with sodium ferulate at four different mass concentrations tended to increase at first but decrease later, which reached the highest after 72 hours of culture, so 72 hours was chosen as the processing time for the subsequent experiments. After 72 hours of culture, the cell absorbance values in 0.003 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, 0.030 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, and 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group were 0.57±0.06, 0.53±0.04, 0.45±0.05, respectively, which were significantly lower than 0.69±0.06 in negative control group (P<0.01). After 72 hours of culture, compared with those in negative control group, the cells in the three groups treated with sodium ferulate showed varying degrees of nuclear pyknosis, fracture, or lysis, and chromatin loss. In the cytoplasm, mitochondria were swollen, the rough endoplasmic reticulum was expanded, and local vacuolation gradually appeared. After 72 hours of culture, compared with that in negative control group, the apoptosis indexes of cells were increased significantly in 0.003 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, 0.030 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, and 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After 72 hours of culture, compared with those in negative control group, the protein expressions of Bcl-2 of cells in 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group was significantly decreased (P<0.01), the protein expressions of Bax of cells in 0.030 mg/mL sodium ferulate group and 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the protein expression of caspase-3 of cells in 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group was significantly increased (P<0.01). After 72 hours of culture, compared with those in negative control group, the protein expression levels of TGF-β1, phosphorylated Smad2/3, and phosphorylated Smad4 of cells in 0.030 mg/mL sodium ferulate group and 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the protein expression levels of phosphorylated Smad7 of cells in 0.003 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, 0.030 mg/mL sodium ferulate group, and 0.300 mg/mL sodium ferulate group were significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusions: Sodium ferulate can inhibit the proliferation of HSFbs of human skin and promote the apoptosis of HSFbs of human skin by blocking the expression of key proteins on the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway and synergistically activating the mitochon- drial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/metabolism , Coumaric Acids , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Humans , Signal Transduction , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935991

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical application value of two longitudes three transverses method in the location of the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator and deep wound repair. Methods: The retrospectively observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to June 2020, 17 patients with deep wounds who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 12 to 72 years. The wound areas of patients after debridement were 7 cm×3 cm to 11 cm×7 cm. Two longitudinal lines were located through the midpoint of the armpit, the posterior superior iliac spine, and the protruding point of the sacroiliac joint, and three transverse lines were located 5, 10, and 15 cm below the midpoint of the armpit between the two longitudinal lines, i.e. two longitudes three transverses method, resulting in two trapezoidal areas. And then the thoracodorsal artery perforators in two trapezoidal areas were explored by the portable Doppler blood flow detector. On this account, a single or lobulated free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap or flap that carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle, with an area of 7 cm×4 cm to 12 cm×8 cm was designed and harvested to repair the wound. The donor sites were all closed by suturing directly. The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators, and the distance from the position where the first perforator (the perforator closest to the axillary apex) exits the muscle to the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi in preoperative localization and intraoperative exploration, the diameter of thoracodorsal artery perforator measured during operation, and the flap types were recorded. The survivals of flaps and appearances of donor sites were followed up. Results: The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators located before operation in each patient were consistent with the results of intraoperative exploration. A total of 42 perforators were found in two trapezoidal areas, with 2 or 3 perforators each patient. The perforators were all located in two trapezoid areas, and a stable perforator (the first perforator) was located and detected in the first trapezoidal area. There were averagely 1.47 perforators in the second trapezoidal area. The position where the first perforator exits the muscle was 2.1-3.1 cm away from the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi. The diameters of thoracodorsal artery perforators were 0.4-0.6 mm. In this group, 12 cases were repaired with single thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, 3 cases with lobulated thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, and 2 cases with thoracodorsal artery perforator flap carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle. The patients were followed up for 6 to 16 months. All the 17 flaps survived with good elasticity, blood circulation, and soft texture. Only linear scar was left in the donor area. Conclusions: The two longitudes three transverses method is helpful to locate the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap. The method is simple and reliable. The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap designed and harvested based on this method has good clinical effects in repairing deep wound, with minimal donor site damage.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arteries , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935311

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the course of disease and epidemiological parameters of COVID-19 and provide evidence for making prevention and control strategies. Methods: To display the distribution of course of disease of the infectors who had close contacts with COVID-19 cases from January 1 to March 15, 2020 in Guangdong Provincial, the models of Lognormal, Weibull and gamma distribution were applied. A descriptive analysis was conducted on the basic characteristics and epidemiological parameters of course of disease. Results: In total, 515 of 11 580 close contacts were infected, with an attack rate about 4.4%, including 449 confirmed cases and 66 asymptomatic cases. Lognormal distribution was fitting best for latent period, incubation period, pre-symptomatic infection period of confirmed cases and infection period of asymptomatic cases; Gamma distribution was fitting best for infectious period and clinical symptom period of confirmed cases; Weibull distribution was fitting best for latent period of asymptomatic cases. The latent period, incubation period, pre-symptomatic infection period, infectious period and clinical symptoms period of confirmed cases were 4.50 (95%CI:3.86-5.13) days, 5.12 (95%CI:4.63-5.62) days, 0.87 (95%CI:0.67-1.07) days, 11.89 (95%CI:9.81-13.98) days and 22.00 (95%CI:21.24-22.77) days, respectively. The latent period and infectious period of asymptomatic cases were 8.88 (95%CI:6.89-10.86) days and 6.18 (95%CI:1.89-10.47) days, respectively. Conclusion: The estimated course of COVID-19 and related epidemiological parameters are similar to the existing data.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Contact Tracing , Humans , Incidence , Prospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935263

ABSTRACT

The following 10 to 15 years will be a key strategic period for China to improve national nutrition and health. As people's understanding of health and disease continues to deepen, health was defined as a series of signs that can maintain physiologically dynamic and orderly characteristics and rely on more precise individualized guidance or intervention measures to sustain. "Precision Nutrition" uses various new technologies and concepts to examine multiple dimensions such as nutrition intake, lifestyle, phenotype, and genotype, to achieve personalized and accurate nutrition interventions, and contribute to the achievement of health in the new era. Nowadays, it is still needed to build multi-omics models, develop them more accurately, conveniently. And instant applies technique and use artificial intelligence methods to fully integrate multi-dimensional datasets to provide complete solutions for implementing nutrition and health.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , China , Humans , Life Style , Nutritional Status
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935260

ABSTRACT

The incidence of obesity in our country is increasing year by year. Diet and lifestyle interventions are the most commonly used weight loss measures, but their intervention effects are affected by individual genetics, environment and other factors. Genome-wide association analysis has found many SNPs related to weight loss, and explored the interaction between these loci and diet, intestinal flora and other environmental factors. This article summarizes the study of single nucleotide polymorphisms, the analysis of gene-environment interactions related to diet interventions for weight loss, and the multi-loci analysis and prediction models such as genetic risk scores and machine learning modeling in weight loss, which provides reference for the further application and development of the precise nutrition in medical weight loss.


Subject(s)
Gene-Environment Interaction , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Life Style , Obesity/prevention & control , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 446-449, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the indications, safety, feasibility, and surgical technique for patients with head and neck cancers undergoing transoral robotic retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) dissection. Methods: The current study enrolled 12 consecutive head and neck cancer patients (seven males and four females) who underwent transoral robotic RPLN dissection with the da Vinci surgical robotic system at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2019 to July 2020. Seven patients were diagnosed as nasopharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, 4 patients were diagnosed as thyroid carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, and one patient was diagnosed as oropharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis before initial treatments. The operation procedure and duration time, intraoperative blood loss volume and complications, nasogastric feeding tube dependence, tracheostomy dependence, postoperative complications, and hospitalization time were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients were successfully treated by transoral robotic dissection of the metastatic RPLNs, none of which was converted to open surgery. RPLNs were completely resected in 10 patients, and partly resected in 2 patients (both were nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients). The mean number of RPLN dissected was 1.7. The operation duration time and intraoperative blood loss volume were (191.3±101.1) min and (150.0±86.6) ml, respectively. There was no severe intraoperative complication such as massive haemorrhage or adjacent organ injury during surgery. Nasogastric tube use was required in all patients with (17.1±10.6) days of dependence, while tracheotomy was performed in 8 patients with (11.6±10.7) days of dependence. The postoperative hospitalization stay was (8.5±5.7) days. Postoperative complications occurred in 4 patients, including 2 of retropharyngeal incision and 2 of dysphagia. During a follow-up of (6.5±5.1) months, disease-free progression was observed in all patients, 10 patients were disease-free survival and other 2 patients were survival with tumor burden. Conclusions: The transoral robotic RPLN dissection is safety and feasible. Compared with the traditional open surgical approach, it is less traumatic and safer, has fewer complications and good clinical application potentiality. The indications for transoral robotic RPLN dissection include thyroid carcinoma, oropharyngeal carcinoma, and some selected nasopharyngeal carcinoma and other head and neck cancers. Metastatic RPLNs from some nasopharyngeal carcinoma with incomplete capsule, unclear border and adhesion to the surrounding vessels are not suitable for transoral robotic RPLN dissection.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Male , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Neck Dissection/methods , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out the differentially regulated metabolites by the analysis of serum metabolic fingerprints, and to provide potential biomarkers for diagnosis of lung cancer.Methods:A total of 228 subjects were enrolled in Changhai Hospital from January 27, 2021 to June 4, 2021, including 97 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients and 131 healthy individuals. Serum samples were collected from the enrolled cohort according to a standard procedure, and the enrolled cohort was divided into a training set and a completely independent validation set by stratified random sampling. The metabolic fingerprints of serum samples were collected by previously developed nano-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (nano-LDI MS). After age and gender matching of the training set, a diagnostic model based on serum metabolic fingerprints was established by machine learning algorithm, and the classification performance of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Serum metabolic fingerprint for each sample was obtained in 1 minute using a novel nano-LDI MS, with consumption of only 1 μl original serum sample. For the training set, the area under ROC curve (AUC) of the constructed classifier for diagnosis of lung cancer was 0.92 (95% CI 0.87-0.97), with a sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 89%. For the independent validation set, the AUC reached 0.96 (95% CI 0.90-1.00) with a sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 94%, which showed no significant decrease compared to training set. We also identified a biomarker panel of 5 metabolites, demonstrating a unique metabolic fingerprint of lung cancer patients. Conclusion:Serum metabolic fingerprints and machine learning were combined to establish a diagnostic model, which can be used to distinguish between lung cancer patients and healthy controls. This work sheds lights on the rapid metabolic analysis for clinical application towards in vitro diagnosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the ultrasonographic features of adenoma of the nonpigmented ciliary epithelium (ANPCE).Methods:A retrospective series of case studies. From January 2014 to October 2021, 31 patients (31 eyes) with ANPCE (ANPCE group) were diagnosed in the eye center of Beijing Tongren Eye Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, and 17 patients (17 eyes) with ciliary body melanoma (control group) diagnosed at the same time were selected as the control group. There was no significant difference in age ( t=-0.564) and sex composition ratio ( χ 2=0.182) between the two groups ( P=0.576, 0.670). All patients underwent ultrasound biomicroscopy to obtain the measurement parameters: tumor height, maximum basal diameter, maximum diameter, ratio of maximum diameter to basal diameter and ratio of maximum diameter to height; tumor location, shape, internal echogenicity intensity, echogenicity uniformity, degree of sound attenuation, invasion of iris, anterior displacement of the iris, lens subluxation were observed. The measurement parameters and observation indexes of the two groups were compared by independent sample t-test and χ 2 test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, area under the ROC curve (AUC) was determined, and parameter indicators with differential diagnosis value were screened. Results:The maximum diameter, height, maximum basal diameter, ratio of the maximum diameter to the maximum basal diameter, and the ratio of the maximum diameter to the height of the tumors in the ANPCE group and the control group were 5.64±0.98 mm, 4.24±0.59 mm, 3.66±0.71 mm, 1.58±0.34, 1.34±0.19 and 7.82±2.03 mm, 4.47±2.44 mm, 7.02±1.96 mm, 1.13±0.16, 2.09±1.06. The maximum diameter, the maximum basal diameter, and the ratio of the maximum diameter to the height of the tumor in the ANPCE group were all smaller than those of the control group, and the ratio of the maximum diameter to the maximum basal diameter was greater than that of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-4.159,-6.808, -2.924, 6.257; P<0.05). The tumors in the ANPCE group were mainly spherical (87.1%, 27/31), with no significant acoustic attenuation (77.4%, 24/31), less invading the root iris (77.4%, 24/31), and the tumors were mostly located in the ciliary body coronal (74.2%, 23/31); tumors in the control group were mainly hemispherical (47.1%, 8/17) or spherical (47.1%, 8/17), with significant sound attenuation (76.5%, 13/17), most of the tumors invaded the iris (70.6%, 12/17), and the tumors were mostly located from the pars plana to the coronal (76.5%, 13/17). There were statistically significant differences in the position, shape, sound attenuation degree, and whether it invaded the iris between the two groups of eyes ( χ 2=15.132, 19.767, 13.118, 10.581; P<0.05). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the ratio of the largest diameter to the largest base diameter, the degree of sound attenuation and the AUC of whether the iris was violated were higher, which were 0.881, 0.769, and 0.740, respectively. Conclusions:Ultrasound biomicroscopy is helpful in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of ANPCE and ciliary body melanoma. The ratio of maximum diameter to maximum basal diameter, the degree of sound attenuation and whether it invades the root iris are important parameters to distinguish the two tumors.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the associations between plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) level and premature coronary heart disease (PCHD).Methods:From July 2018 to July 2020, total of 166 patients with suspected coronary heart disease were enrolled from the Heart Center of Shenzhen Bao′an Hospital affiliated to Southern Medical University. According to the coronary imaging results and age of onset, they were divided into young control group ( n=30), PCHD group ( n=49), middle-aged and elderly control group ( n=30) and the middle-aged and elderly coronary heart disease group ( n=57). Plasma TMAO concentration in each group was determined by stable isotope liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, and the correlation of plasma TMAO level with PCHD and SYNTAX score was analyzed. Results:The plasma TMAO level in PCHD group was significantly higher than that in young control group [(7.54±2.10) μmol/L vs. (4.60±1.89) μmol/L; t=6.73, P?0.001] and middle-aged and elderly coronary heart disease group [(3.90±1.75) μmol/L; t=2.45, P=0.015]. The plasma TMAO level was positively correlated with SYNTAX score in PCHD group ( r=0.66, P?0.001) and in middle-aged and elderly coronary heart disease group ( r=0.27, P=0.042). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that plasma TMAO level was an independent risk factor for PCHD ( OR=2.30, P?0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that when the cutoff level of plasma TMAO was 6.08 μmol/L, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of PCHD were 73.5% and 76.7%, respectively. Conclusion:The plasma TMAO level is significantly correlated with PCHD and had certain predictive value for PCHD.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932743

ABSTRACT

Objective:A novel bile duct end-to-end anastomosis and percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) were designed to treat iatrogenic bile duct injuries, and the clinical efficacy and technical advantage of this combined treatment were analyzed.Methods:Clinical data from 11 patients with iatrogenic bile duct injuries treated between February 2012 to July 2021 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 females and 7 males, with age of (47.5±15.3) years old. The types of bile duct injuries were: Bismuth type 1 ( n=7), Bismuth type Ⅱ ( n=1), Bismuth type Ⅲ type ( n=1), combined Bismuth type 1 and type 2 ( n=1), and Bismuth type Ⅳ ( n=1). Repair operations were performed at the time of the initial surgical procedures in 8 patients. The remaining 3 patients had their repair done 2 days, 9 days and 5 months, respectively, after the initial operations. All patients underwent successful bile duct end-to-end anastomosis and PTCD without use of T-tubes. Results:All biliary injuries were successfully repaired with no operative mortalities. Two patients who underwent end-to-end anastomosis of common hepatic duct developed anastomotic bile leakage. The amount of bile leakage was small and bile leakage resolved with conservative treatment in 1 patients 3 days after surgery, and was treated successfully by percutaneous peritoneal drainage for 2 weeks in the other patient. There were no other complications, including stricture formation or cholangitis which developed in other patients. All patients’ liver functions recovered well. The percutaneous biliary drainage tube was removed 6 months after operation in 1 patient. The remaining patients had their drainage tubes removed 3 months after operation. On follow-up, all patients had no history suggestive of cholangitis, jaundice and other symptoms. The liver functions were normal on laboratory examinations. No stricture or dilatation of intrahepatic bile ducts were detected on imaging examinations. The cure rate was 100% (11/11).Conclusion:Surgical repair of biliary tract injuries should aim to preserve sphincter of Oddi function and maintain normal physiological pathway of bile excretion. PTCD helped smooth recovery of an end-to-end anastomosis, lowered severity of physical disability of patients and minimized occurrence of medical disputes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the repeatability of ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) in evaluating the Young′s modulus (E) of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and the difference in E of the bilateral LM, and to analyze the E′s change ratio of LM and its impact factors at upright and 90° forward bend positions.Methods:A total of 60 healthy volunteers, selected from interns, standardized training residents and refresher doctors in department of diagnostic ultrasound of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from July to December in 2020, were examined twice by SWE to estimate the E value of LM at prone, upright and 90° flexion positions, respectively. Firstly, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was applied to test the reliability between the two repeated measurements.Secondly, the differences in E of the bilateral LM were discussed. The discrepancies in the E value of male and female volunteers at prone, upright and 90° flexion positions and the change ratio of the E value at upright and 90° forward bend positions were also discussed, respectively. Finally, Spearman correlation coefficient was utilized to evaluate the correlations of E and its change ratio with gender, age, BMI and activity level at upright and 90° forward bend positions, respectively.Results:The ICC value in LM measured by SWE was in the range of 0.691 to 0.951. No obvious change in bilateral E values of the same posture was observed for an individual(all P>0.05). The change ratios of E at upright and 90° flexion positions were approximate to 2 and 7, respectively. Moreover, at prone position, the E value exhibited negative correlation with age and activity level of self-assessment ( rs=-0.300, P=0.020; rs=-0.383, P=0.002). The E in female was higher compared with that in male. At active states the change ratio in E was positively correlated with age and activity level ( rs=0.278, P=0.031; rs=0.495, P<0.001), and the E′s change ratio in male was higher than that in female. Conclusions:SWE possesses excellent repeatability in evaluating the E value of LM with no significant difference in E of bilateral LM. The E′s change ratio in LM varies with different contraction strategies and changes with age, sex and self-reported activity level.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the factors influencing functional recovery after surgery of calcaneal fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in 1,080 eligible patients with calcaneal fracture who had been admitted to The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020. They were 931 males and 149 females with a mean age of 43.0 years. By the Sanders classification, there were 107 cases of type Ⅰ, 343 cases of type Ⅱ, 471 cases of type Ⅲ and 159 cases of type Ⅳ. Multiple linear regression model was used to screen out the main relevant factors affecting the postoperative functional recovery by analyzing the 18 factors which might influence the postoperative functional recovery like gender, age, Sanders type, occupation, body mass index, season, cause, hospital stay, operation method, internal fixation, preoperative combined injury, preoperative complication, anesthesia, attendance to rehabilitation institution, incision selection, waiting time, preoperative blister and reduction quality.Results:All the 1,080 patients were followed up for 17.5 months on average. The mean Creighton-Nebraska score at the last follow-up was 88.4. The univariate analyses showed statistically significant differences in the Creighton-Nebraska score among patients with different gender, age group, Sanders type, occupation, injury cause, surgical method, preoperative combined injury, incision selection and reduction quality ( P<0.05). Multiple linear regression model analysis resulted in the following regression equation: Y=107.408-4.013×gender-7.101×age-1.214×Sanders type-1.606×incision selection. Conclusions:The factors which influence the functional recovery after surgery of calcaneal fracture may be gender, age, fracture type and incision selection; the functional recovery score after surgery of calcaneal fracture may be low for female senior patients with type Ⅳ fracture and a large L-shaped incision.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the biomechanical stability of our slot-designed compression bolt (SCB) combined with bilateral locking compression plates (LCPs) in the treatment of intra-articular distal femur fracture.Methods:In 24 adult male knee specimens treated with formalin, the femoral bony part was preserved to establish standard models of intra-articular distal femur fracture (AO type 33-C1). According to the random number table, the fracture models were divided into 2 equal groups: an experimental group ( n=12) subjected to fixation with one SCB combined with bilateral LCPs with 10 locking screws and a control group ( n=12) subjected to fixation with bilateral LCPs with 12 locking screws. In each model, a vertical ballast test was conducted to record the maximum axial displacement of the system and a horizontal torsion test to calculate the torsional stiffness of the system. When the loading pressure was 0-1,000 N in the biomechanical machine, structural abnormalities were observed in the 2 groups of models and the system maximum axial displacement and system torsional stiffness were compared between the 2 groups. Results:When the vertical ballast pressure was 400 N, 600 N, 800 N and 1,000 N, the maximum axial displacement of the system was, respectively, (0.14±0.01) mm, (0.25±0.01) mm, (0.41±0.02) mm and (0.63 ± 0.02) mm in the experimental group, and (0.15 ± 0.01) mm, (0.26 ± 0.01) mm, (0.46 ± 0.03) mm, and (0.67 ± 0.04) mm in the control group. Compared with the control group, the average maximum axial displacement in the experimental group decreased significantly under the axial pressure of 600-1,000 N ( P<0.05). When the horizontal torsion reached 5°, the torsional stiffness was, respectively, (2.00±0.12) Nm/° and (2.02±0.07) Nm/° in the experimental group and the control group, showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of intra-articular distal femur fracture, compared with simple bilateral LCPs, our SCB combined with bilateral LCPs demonstrate similar torsional stability but better axial biomechanical stability. As our SCB has advantages of bilateral compression and minimal invasion in operation, it may be a new option for the reduction and compression treatment of intra-articular fractures.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932340

ABSTRACT

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the ratio of inflammatory cell counts in the blood, reflects the changes of neutrophils and lymphocytes in the inflammatory system in the peripheral blood. More and more scholars have found that NLR increases in patients with bone and joint injury, which can be used to predict postoperative mortality, infection, deep vein thrombosis, pain and other complications. This article is intended to review the application of NLR in bone and joint injury and related complications, providing reference for clinical application of NLR.

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