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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes in peripapillary vessel perfusion after uncomplicated phacoemulsification surgery in patients with cataract and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).Methods:A case-control study. From November 2017 to April 2019, 17 eyes of 17 cases of POAG complicated with cataract (observation group) and 17 eyes of 17 cases of simple senile cataract (control group) were included in the study. All the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), visual field, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) examination, and measurement of axial length (AL) and central corneal thickness (CCT). All eyes underwent conventional phacoemulsification surgery for cataract. After the operation, the same equipment and methods as before the operation were used for related inspections. The VD, the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the IOP were observed before the operation, at the end of the operation, and 1 d, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after the operation, mean visual field defect (MD) changes 3 months after surgery. Data comparisons within groups used repeated measures analysis of variance; data comparisons between groups used independent samples t test. Results:The average age of patients in the observation group and control group was 68.18±6.13 and 65.82±6.95 years, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.912, P=0.072). There was no significant difference in AL ( t=1.436), CCT ( t=-1.557) and phacoemulsification ( t=1.602) between the two groups ( P>0.05). The difference of the mean IOP was statistically significant between the two groups ( t=4.139, P<0.05). Before surgery, the VD ( t=-6.560) and RNFL thickness ( t=-7.320) of the observation group were lower than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Compared with before the operation, the VD around the disc of the eye in both groups increased at the end of the operation and at different time points after the operation. Among them, the observation group had a statistically significant difference at 1 month after the operation of the eye ( F=3.108, P=0.042); the control group had no significant difference at different time points after the operation ( F=1.981, P>0.05). The results of each quadrant analysis showed that only the observation group had a statistically significant difference in the temporal side of the eye one month after surgery ( F=5.414, P=0.017). After surgery, the observation group and the control group had thicker RNFL thickness around the disc of the eye, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=22.670, 23.080; P=0.002, 0.001). Before the operation and 3 months after the operation, the average MD of the eyes of the observation group and the control group were 14.90±7.15, 1.12±0.93 dB and 12.10±7.70, 0.88±0.66 dB, respectively. The average MD before and 3 months after the operation was compared, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=14.414, 13.225; P=0.000, 0.000). Compared with before surgery, there was no statistically significant difference in the average MD of the two groups of eyes at 3 months after surgery ( t=0.938, 0.817; P=0.082, 0.103). At the end of the operation, the intraocular pressure of the observation group and the control group were 10.84±3.39 and 11.46±3.79 mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa), respectively; they were both lower than before the operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-2.211, -2.310; P<0.05). Conclusions:The thickness of VD and RNFL in eyes with POAG combined with cataract is lower than that in patients with senile cataract alone. The high perfusion pressure during conventional phacoemulsification surgery can cause a transient increase in VD, but it will not cause further damage to the visual field of POAG patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between executive functioning and community integration after a traumatic brain injury and to identify the main factors influencing community integration.Methods:A cross-sectional study of 30 traumatic brain injury survivors was conducted recording their gender, age, years of education, days in coma, living status and mobility. Their executive functioning was assessed using the Disorders of Executive Function Questionnaire (DEX) and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Their community integration was evaluated using the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ). The independent correlations of demographic characteristics, life status, mobility and executive functioning with CIQ score were quantified.Results:The average total CIQ score was negatively correlated with the average WCST-RP, DEX and WCST-RPE scores, but it was positively correlated with mobility. It was also significantly correlated with life status. DEX scores and WCST-RP scores were significant independent predictors of community integration. The average CIQ family integration score was negatively correlated with days spent in a coma and significantly correlated with living status. The average CIQ social integration score was positively correlated with mobility (and negatively correlated with DEX, WCST-RP and WCST-RPE score. WCST-RP score and mobility were significant independent predictors of CIQ social integration scores. The average CIQ productive activity scores correlated negatively with the DEX, WCST-RP and WCST-RPE scores, and with the DEX and WCST-RP executive function scores. They were significant independent predictors of CIQ productive activity scores.Conclusions:Executive functioning can predict community integration, especially its social integration dimension.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between preoperative hemoglobin amount and incidence of lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with lower limb fracture.Methods:A retrospective study was performed of the 2, 482 patients with lower limb fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University from July 2014 to August 2019. They were 1, 174 males and 1, 308 females with an age of (60.6±19.3) years. Recorded were the patients' age, gender, injury time, hemoglobin amount, D-dimer measurement, combined medical conditions, time and results of ultrasound vein examination on both lower extremities. According to the ultrasound results, the patients were divided into a thrombosis group and a thrombosis-free group. The 2 groups were compared in hemoglobin amount. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between preoperative hemoglobin amount and incidence of lower limb DVT. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the quintile of hemoglobin amount; the incidences of thrombosis were compared between the 5 groups.Results:The total incidence of DVT in this cohort was 29.53%(733/2, 482). The hemoglobin amount in the thrombosis group was (116.57±19.24) g/L, significantly lower than that in the thrombosis-free group (124.76±19.79) g/L ( P<0.05). The preoperative hemoglobin amount was a risk factor for incidence of DVT after a lower limb fracture ( OR=0.985, 95% CI: 0.980 to 0.990, P<0.001). As the quintile level of hemoglobin increased, the incidence of DVT showed a downward trend. In comparison of the group with the highest DVT incidence (40.58%) and the group with the lowest DVT incidence (17.27%), the risk increased by 2.386 times (95% CI: 1.718 to 3.315). Conclusions:The preoperative hemoglobin amount can affect the DVT incidence after a lower limb fracture, and a low hemoglobin amount may more likely lead to lower limb DVT.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) with versus without B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves in the treatment of fractures of the middle and upper humeral shaft.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 105 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital for fractures of the middle and upper humeral shaft from August 2015 to May 2017. They were divided into 2 groups according to whether or not B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves had been used in MIPPO. There were 52 cases in the B-ultrasound localization group and 53 cases in the simple MIPPO group. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture union time and complications. The shoulder joint functions were assessed at the last follow-up using the Neer shoulder joint function scoring.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There were significant differences between the B-ultrasound localization group and the simple MIPPO group in operation time [(62.8±8.6) min versus (96.8±7.5) min], or intraoperative blood loss [(107.4±5.6) mL versus (215.4±7.2) mL]. Neer shoulder function scoring showed that the excellent and good rate in the B-ultrasound localization group [94.2% (49/52)] was significantly higher than that in the simple MIPPO group [81.1% (43/53)] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the MIPPO of fractures of the upper and middle humeral shaft, B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves should be used as preoperative routines to reduce operation time and intraoperative blood loss to improve prognostic functions of the shoulder.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after closed fracture of lower extremity between patients with different blood types ABO.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 1, 951 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for lower extremity fractures from August 2014 to June 2018. They were 924 males and 1,027 females with a mean age of 63 (46, 78) years (range, from 16 to 102 years). Of them, 572 were type O, 564 type A, 609 type B and 206 type AB. Venous ultrasonography was performed on both lower extremities within 12 hours after admission. The incidences of DVT after fracture were compared between different blood types in all the patients, patients with proximal fracture of the knee, peri-knee fracture and distal fracture of the knee, and patients<60 years old and ≥60 years old.Results:The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 26.75% (153/572), 28.72% (162/564), 34.32% (209/609) and 29.61% (61/206) for patients with blood type O, type A, type B and type AB. The DVT incidence for type B was significantly higher than that for type O ( P< 0.008). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 28.74% (98/341), 28.99% (100/345), 39.45% (144/365) and 30.97% (35/113) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). There were no significant differences in the DVT incidence between different blood types ABO in the patients with peri-knee fracture, distal fracture of the knee,<60 years old or ≥60 years old( P>0.05). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 30.99% (97/313), 33.33% (108/324), 45.22% (156/345), 34.74% (33/95) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients ≥60 years old. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). Conclusions:The incidence of DVT varied with different blood types ABO after lower extremity fracture. The highest DVT incidence was found in patients with blood type B. The impact of blood type on the DVT incidence after lower extremity fracture was mainly observed in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee or an age of ≥ 60 years old.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 370-374, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical value of artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft in the repair of burn scar contracture in joints.Methods:A total of 52 patients with burn scar contractures were enrolled in the No.5 Hospital of Baoding from July 2015 to April 2018. According to different methods of repair, 26 cases were used in each group. The observation group was treated with artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft. The control group was treated with medium-thickness skin grafting. The survival rate of autologous skin was compared between the two groups. The tissue of artificial dermal polyester fiber was taken and HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes. The Vancouver skin scar assessment score (VSS), functional activity, infection rate, wound healing time, and VSS score after healing of the donor site were compared between the two groups.Results:The survival rate of autologous skin in the observation group (92.31%) was not significantly different from that in the control group (84.62%) ( P>0.05). Compared with preoperative, the VSS scores at 3, 6 months and 1 year after operation in both groups were decreased ( P<0.05). The VSS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at 3, 6 months and 1 year ( P<0.05). The excellent rate of functional activity in the observation group (100.00%) was higher than that of the control group (76.92%) ( P<0.05); There was no significant difference in the infection rate (3.85% vs 7.69%) and healing time of skin grafting area between the two groups ( P>0.05). The healing time of donor site was shorter than that of the control group ( P<0.05). The VSS score of the donor site was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft can be used in patients with burn scar contracture in joints, which can improve the scarring of skin grafting area and donor site, shorten the healing time of donor site and improve the function of burn scar contracture joint.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term effect of thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer and its impact on stress response and inflammatory response.Methods:The clinical data of 124 patients with esophageal cancer admitted to Huai′an Cancer Hospital from March 2018 to March 2020 were analyzed. The patients in observation group (62 cases) were treated with thoracoscopic esophagectomy and the patients in control group (62 cases) were treated with traditional open esophagectomy. The changes of perioperative indexes, postoperative complications, stress response, inflammatory response indexes before and 3 d after operation, and pulmonary function before and 1 month after operation were compared between the two groups.Results:The intraoperative blood loss in the observation group was less than that in the control group: (189.52 ± 37.28) ml vs. (258.94 ± 32.14) ml; the operation time in the observation group was longer than that in the control group: (271.92 ± 25.43) min vs. (231.09 ± 23.16) min, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 11.105, 9.347, P<0.05). But there was no significant difference in the total number of lymph node dissection between the two groups ( t = 1.295, P>0.05). The postoperative complications in the observation group was less than that in the control group: 9.68%(6/62) vs. 24.19%(15/62), χ2 = 4.644, P<0.05. The serum levels of cortisol and norepinephrine at 3 d after operation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (145.32 ± 12.39) μg/L vs. (197.56 ± 18.78) μg/L, (84.54 ± 5.98) μg/L vs. (98.93 ± 7.26) μg/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 18.283, 12.047, P<0.05). The serum levels of interleukin 6, C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factoralpha at 3 d after operation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (101.31 ± 6.56) μg/L vs. (149.09 ± 12.31) μg/L, (18.94 ± 4.53) mg/L vs. (29.95 ± 4.16) mg/L, (84.52 ± 5.89) ng/L vs. (109.32 ± 8.64) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 26.972, 14.096, 18.675, P<0.05). The levels of the first second forced expiratory volume (FEV 1) as a percentage of the estimated value and the ratio of FEV 1 and forced vital capacity at 1 month after operation in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: (8.79 ± 4.50)% vs. (72.16 ± 3.64)%, (67.84 ± 3.24)% vs. (60.39 ± 4.15)%, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 9.020, 11.142, P<0.05). Conclusions:The short-term effect of thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer is obvious, and the stress response, inflammatory response and lung function are less affected.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 394-410, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880913

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been extensively used to ameliorate diseases in Asia for over thousands of years. However, owing to a lack of formal scientific validation, the absence of information regarding the mechanisms underlying TCMs restricts their application. After oral administration, TCM herbal ingredients frequently are not directly absorbed by the host, but rather enter the intestine to be transformed by gut microbiota. The gut microbiota is a microbial community living in animal intestines, and functions to maintain host homeostasis and health. Increasing evidences indicate that TCM herbs closely affect gut microbiota composition, which is associated with the conversion of herbal components into active metabolites. These may significantly affect the therapeutic activity of TCMs. Microbiota analyses, in conjunction with modern multiomics platforms, can together identify novel functional metabolites and form the basis of future TCM research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921825

ABSTRACT

The human spine injury and various lumbar spine diseases caused by vibration have attracted extensive attention at home and abroad. To explore the biomechanical characteristics of different approaches for lumbar interbody fusion surgery combined with an interspinous internal fixator, device for intervertebral assisted motion (DIAM), finite element models of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) are created by simulating clinical operation based on a three-dimensional finite element model of normal human whole lumbar spine. The fusion level is at L4-L5, and the DIAM is implanted between spinous process of L4 and L5. Transient dynamic analysis is conducted on the ALIF, TLIF and LLIF models, respectively, to compute and compare their stress responses to an axial cyclic load. The results show that compared with those in ALIF and TILF models, contact forces between endplate and cage are higher in LLIF model, where the von-Mises stress in endplate and DIAM is lower. This implies that the LLIF have a better biomechanical performance under vibration. After bony fusion between vertebrae, the endplate and DIAM stresses for all the three surgical models are decreased. It is expected that this study can provide references for selection of surgical approaches in the fusion surgery and vibration protection for the postsurgical lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion , Vibration
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878889

ABSTRACT

Three compounds, including scolosprine C(1), uracil(2) and hypoxanthine(3), were isolated and purified from the ethyl acetate fraction of centipede by silica gel normal-phase column chromatography, reversed-phase medium pressure preparation chromatography, and high-pressure semi-preparative HPLC. The structure was elucidated through a combination of spectroscopic analyses [such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS)] and literature review. Among them, compound 1 was a new quinoline alkaloid. In previous reports, we have described the isolation and structure elucidation of one new and two known quinoline alkaloids. In this paper, we would report the isolation and structure elucidation of scolosprine C in detail.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Arthropods , Chilopoda , Quinolines
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of gaseous formaldehyde exposure on male Sprague-Dawley rat brain function and synaptic protein expression, as well as the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol.Methods:Eighty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven group with 12 in each group: control group (N), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation low concentration group (FL group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation medium concentration group (FM group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation high concentration group (FH group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation low concentration + resveratrol group (FLR group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation concentration + resveratrol group (FMR group) and gaseous formaldehyde accumulation high concentration + resveratrol group (FHR group). The animal model of gaseous formaldehyde accumulation was established by gas formaldehyde exposure method.Learning and memory function was tested by Morris water maze. Cortical and hippocampal neurogranin (Ng) protein expression in brain cortex and hippocampus was measured by Western blot.Results:(1) Compared with the escape latency and original platform retention time of rats in group N ((19.75±4.08) s, (43.47±2.43) s), the escape latency of rats in FM and FH groups was prolonged ((25.52±2.98) s, (27.45±2.39) s, t=-4.97, -5.82; both P<0.01), the retention time of the original platform was shortened ((30.99±4.21) s, (18.70±2.58) s, t=10.24, 25.71; both P<0.01). Compared with the corresponding formaldehyde accumulation groups such as the FM and FH groups, the escape latency of the rats in the FMR and FHR groups was significantly longer ((21.37±3.80) s, (24.26±3.56) s, t=1.86, 3.93; both P<0.05), the retention time of the original platform was significantly prolonged ((40.33±3.63)s, (23.46±4.73)s, t=-7.50, -3.95; both P<0.01). (2) Compared with the expression of Ng in cortex and hippocampus of rats in group N ((0.99±0.03), (1.07±0.03)), the expression of Ng protein in cortex and hippocampus of rats in FM and FH groups was significantly reduced((0.62±0.06), (0.39±0.03), (0.77±0.09), (0.46±0.10), t=11.55, 14.08, 11.51, 13.17; all P<0.01). Compared with the corresponding formaldehyde accumulation groups such as the FM and FH groups, the expressions of Ng in the cortex and hippocampus of the rats in the FMR and FHR groups were significantly increased ((0.94±0.11), (0.48±0.04), (0.95±0.05), (0.60±0.09), t=-5.26, -2.09, -5.32, -2.21; all P<0.05). Conclusion:Resveratrol can improve the learning and memory function of rats caused by the accumulation of gaseous formaldehyde.The mechanism may be related with the upregulation of Ng.

12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 972-984, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828348

ABSTRACT

In the central nervous system (CNS), three types of myelin-associated inhibitors (MAIs) have major inhibitory effects on nerve regeneration. They include Nogo-A, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein. MAIs possess two co-receptors, Nogo receptor (NgR) and paired immunoglobulin-like receptor B (PirB). Previous studies have confirmed that the inhibition of NgR only results in a modest increase in regeneration in the CNS; however, the inhibitory effects of PirB with regard to nerve regeneration after binding to MAIs remain controversial. In this study, we demonstrated that PirB is expressed in primary cultures of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and the inhibitory effects of the three MAIs on the growth of RGC neurites are not significantly decreased after direct PirB knockdown using adenovirus PirB shRNA. Interestingly, we found that retinal Müller cells expressed PirB and that its knockdown enhanced the regeneration of co-cultured RGC neurites. PirB knockdown also activated the JAK/Stat3 signaling pathway in Müller cells and upregulated ciliary neurotrophic factor levels. These findings indicate that PirB plays a novel role in retinal Müller cells and that its action in these cells may indirectly affect the growth of RGC neurites. The results also reveal that PirB in Müller cells affects RGC neurite regeneration. Our findings provide a novel basis for the use of PirB as a target molecule to promote nerve regeneration.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828228

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To choose the disease-causing gene in a Chinese pedigree with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) by whole-exome sequencing (WES), and provide theory basis for mechanism of disease.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of AS pedigree were collected, including 2 males, the age were 48 and 18 years old, the course of disease were 23 and 4 years. Whole blood genomic DNA of AS was extracted to perform whole exome sequencing, the results were compared with human databases, common variations which had been reported were wiped out, then non synonymous single nucleotide variants(SNVs) from the family members were combined, and candidate genes was selected initially.@*RESULTS@#Totally 80 G data was obtained from AS family with high quality.By comparing results between patient and normal subject, and filtering with number of biological database, the result showed heterozygous mutation of JAK2 gene 12 exon c.1709 A>G (p.Tyr570Cys) may be the potential disease-causing gene. The variant c.1151T>C of MUC3A gene may be one of the causes of intestinal symptoms in the family members.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to find t candidate gene mutations of AS by Exon sequencing. The mutation c.1709 A>G in gene JAK2 identified by whole exome sequencing might be the pathogenic mutation in this AS pedigree.


Subject(s)
Exome , Humans , Male , Mucin-3 , Mutation , Pedigree , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Whole Exome Sequencing
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the developmental and morphological characteristics of the mandible in patients with impacted mandibular second molar and to predict the possible trend of mandibular development via three-dimensional (3D) measurement and analysis.@*METHODS@#A total of 88 cases of impacted group and 88 cases of control group were screened out. 3D measurements were performed by using Mimics software. A total of 23 landmark points and 17 measurements were determined. The measurements were analyzed by t-test.@*RESULTS@#The mandible length, the space between the first molars, the space between mandibular angles, and the width between the first molars in the impacted group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the value of the submandibular angle was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The impacted mandible of patients with mandibular second molar showed lack of sagittal and width development, and the impacted mandibular second molar was a manifestation of its degeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible , Molar , Molar, Third , Software , Tooth, Impacted
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870711

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).Methods:A total of 285 patients undergoing MHD in the Blood Purification Center of Yixing People′s Hospital from May 2013 to March 2018 were enrolled, including 137 patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and 148 patients without cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The demographic and clinical data of patients were retrospectively reviewed. The age, systolic blood pressure, duration of dialysis and prevalence of atherosclerosis were compared between the two groups; the risk factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.Results:There were significant differences in age, systolic blood pressure, duration of dialysis and prevalence of atherosclerosis; serum creatinine, serum phosphorus, hs-CRP and triglyceride levels between the two groups ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistics analysis showed that age ≥50 years ( B=0.42, 95 %CI 1.06-3.06, P=0.03), duration of dialysis≥24 months ( B=0.85, 95 %CI: 1.23-3.79, P=0.01), atherosclerosis ( B=0.58, 95 %CI: 1.13-4.02, P=0.04), hypertension ( B=0.23, 95 %CI: 1.34-9.25, P<0.01), diabetic kidney disease (DKD) ( B=0.36, 95 %CI:1.19-8.27, P<0.01) , increased hs-CRP ( B=0.83, 95 %CI: 1.12-3.90, P<0.01), high serum phosphorus ( B=0.91, 95 %CI: 1.06-1.54, P<0.01) and elevated TG ( B=0.50, 95 %CI: 1.08-5.57, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in MHD patients. Early and active intervention of these risk factors may improve the clinical prognosis of MHD patients. The Cox survival curve showed that the probability of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events increased when the duration of dialysis was>12 months, and it increased more significantly when the duratio n>24 months. Conclusion:The older age, dialysis duration, comorbidities of atherosclerosis, hypertension, DKD, and elevated serum hs-CRP, phosphorus, triglyceride may increase the probability of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events for MHD patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of enoxaparin on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) and the exosomes derived from BMSCs.Methods:After the BMSCs from 4-week old male SD rats were cultured, their surface antigen and multilineage differentiation potentials were identified. Subsequently, the BMSCs were incubated with osteogenic differentiation medium containing 10 IU/mL enoxaparin for 14 days. After the exosomes derived from BMSCs (BMSC-Exos) were extracted by the kit method, their structure was observed by transmission electron microscopy and their surface antigen CD63 detected by Western blot. Alizarin red staining was used to analyze the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Osteogenic proteins including OCN and BMP-2 in BMSCs and exosomes were detected.Results:The spindle-shaped BMSCs isolated and cultured showed a uniform spiral pattern. They expressed highly the surface markers CD29 and CD44 but lowly CD34 and CD45, indicating that the majority of the cells were BMSCs. BMSC-Exos, in an oval shape with a diameter of about 30 to 80 nm, expressed CD63. Alizarin red staining showed that the number of mineralized nodules in the enoxaparin treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group. Western blot analysis indicated that enoxaparin inhibited the expression of osteocalcin (OCN) and BMP-2 in BMSCs. ELISA results showed that the protein levels of OCN(48.81 ng/mL ± 8.23 ng/mL) and BMP-2 (311.45 pg/mL ± 27.59 pg/mL) in the BMSCs treated with enoxaparin were significantly lower than those of OCN (80.43 ng/mL ± 10.74 ng/mL) and BMP-2 (399.23 pg/mL ± 32.25 pg/mL) in the control BMSCs ( P<0.05). The contents of OCN (1.45 ng/mL±0.15 ng/mL) and BMP-2 (18.47 pg/mL ± 0.54 pg/mL) in the exosomes from BMSCs treated with enoxaparin were significantly higher than those of OCN (1.00 ng/mL ± 0.12 ng/mL) and BMP-2 (9.07 ng/mL ± 0.36 pg/mL) in the exosomes from control BMSCs ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Enoxaparin may inhibit the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. The mechanism of this might be related to its direct inhibition against the expression of OCN and BMP-2 in BMSCs and its indirect reduction of OCN and BMP-2 in BMSCs through the exhaust of the above proteins in the form of exosomes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828417

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinincal application characteristics of Xiyanping Injection in real world. The data of the patients came from the hospital information systerm(HIS) of 29 tertiary hospitals in China from 2006 to 2016. It included three parts about basic information, Western medicine diagnosis information, and doctor advice information. The exploration was conducted for the characteristics of the patients and disease distribution as well as the therapeutic regimen. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the models, and Clementing 12.0 was used for a correlation analysis of the comprehensive therapeutic regimen of Xiyanping Injection. There were 194 873 cases in the study. The male to female ratio was 1.44∶1. The median age was 4 years old. The median daily dosage was 200 mg. 46.68% of the patients were administered with 250-500 mg, and 33.07% were 50-100 mg one day. 47.08% of the patients were administered for 4-7 d, and 32.65% of the patients were 1-3 d. In the doctor advice information, the most frequently types of Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine were mucilagin, heat-clearing agent. Second generation cephalosporins, third generation cephalosporins, compound penicillin were the most common types of antibiotic. Interferon, nucleoside and nucleotide, human immunoglobulin were the most common types of antiviral drug. The mining association rules results were analyzed, finding the application of Xiyanping Injection in severe infectious diseases. To improve respiratory symptoms, Xiyanping Injection treaments were Budesonide + Ipratropium Bromide + Ambroxol. To severe pulmonary infection, the treaments were Dopamine + Ambroxine. To severe hand, foot and mouth disease, the treatments were Namefen + Mannitol. To pulmonary heart failure, the treatments were Dobutamine + Heparin. Based on the results of the real world HIS, we could provide clinical application the idea, and a reference for further excavation of the applicable diseases of Xiyanping Injection.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Injections , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862720

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the problems of health poverty faced by a special group of people with disabilities and the difficulties in the practice of health poverty alleviation, so as to provide a scientific basis for the health poverty alleviation of the disabled. Methods A self-made questionnaire was used for one-to-one survey, and a database was established by Excel. SPSS was used for descriptive analysis and horizontal comparison. Results The participation rate of basic medical insurance for the disabled was relatively high (93.40%), and the medical insurance payment was mainly paid by individuals (70.13%). The satisfaction of medical insurance was low (43.12%), and 84.64% of the disabled thought that their medical expenses were high. 45.22% of the families of disabled patients met the universal standard of catastrophic health expenditure. Compared with Shandong Province, the basic medical insurance coverage rate of the disabled in Hubei Province was slightly lower, the satisfaction rate of medical insurance was higher, and the proportion of catastrophic health expenditure of families was larger. The analysis of the results showed that the disabled people with a lower disability level, children and middle-aged with disabilities, the disabled people with less or more family members, and the disabled people without the minimum living subsistence allowances were not satisfied with the medical insurance. Conclusion The basic medical insurance in the two places has alleviated the difficulty of medical treatment for the disabled to a certain extent, but the family burden of diseases of the disabled was still heavy. The level of medical security for people with disabilities should be improved, and their economic burden of disease should be reduced, so as to improve the satisfaction of medical insurance.

19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 972-984, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826761

ABSTRACT

In the central nervous system (CNS), three types of myelin-associated inhibitors (MAIs) have major inhibitory effects on nerve regeneration. They include Nogo-A, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein. MAIs possess two co-receptors, Nogo receptor (NgR) and paired immunoglobulin-like receptor B (PirB). Previous studies have confirmed that the inhibition of NgR only results in a modest increase in regeneration in the CNS; however, the inhibitory effects of PirB with regard to nerve regeneration after binding to MAIs remain controversial. In this study, we demonstrated that PirB is expressed in primary cultures of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and the inhibitory effects of the three MAIs on the growth of RGC neurites are not significantly decreased after direct PirB knockdown using adenovirus PirB shRNA. Interestingly, we found that retinal Müller cells expressed PirB and that its knockdown enhanced the regeneration of co-cultured RGC neurites. PirB knockdown also activated the JAK/Stat3 signaling pathway in Müller cells and upregulated ciliary neurotrophic factor levels. These findings indicate that PirB plays a novel role in retinal Müller cells and that its action in these cells may indirectly affect the growth of RGC neurites. The results also reveal that PirB in Müller cells affects RGC neurite regeneration. Our findings provide a novel basis for the use of PirB as a target molecule to promote nerve regeneration.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756193

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically summarize any demonstrated pain attenuation effect of sensory fo-cusing. Methods Reports of studies of the sensory focus technique published between January 2000 and January 2018 were retrieved from Pubmed, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane and CNKI databases. Only reports of ran-domized and controlled trials were included, and those where sensory focus was combined with other techniques were excluded. Results Nine trials were included. All of the reports concluded that the sensory focus approach, properly applied, can significantly attenuate sensations of pain. Those who could understand and gain command of sensory fo-cus and those who had less fear of pain gained a better effect, especially among males and teenagers. However, Per-sons with high level of catastrophic emotion cannot activate the non-emotional path of pain effectively. Unexpectedly, no effect of education level was observed. Conclusion The sensory focus technique can attenuate pain sensations and has potential to be applied in clinical practice.

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