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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 580-592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878583

ABSTRACT

A novel β-glucosidase BglD2 with glucose and ethanol tolerant properties was screened and cloned from the deep-sea bacterium Bacillus sp. D1. The application potential of BglD2 toward polydatin-hydrolyzing was also evaluated. BglD2 exhibited the maximal β-glucosidase activity at 45 °C and pH 6.5. BglD2 maintained approximately 50% of its origin activity after incubation at 30 °C and pH 6.5 for 20 h. BglD2 could hydrolyze a variety of substrates containing β (1→3), β (1→4), and β (1→6) bonds. The activity of β-glucosidase was enhanced to 2.0 fold and 2.3 fold by 100 mmol/L glucose and 150 mmol/L xylose, respectively. BglD2 possessed ethanol-stimulated and -tolerant properties. At 30 °C, the activity of BglD2 enhanced to 1.2 fold in the presence of 10% ethanol and even remained 60% in 25% ethanol. BglD2 could hydrolyze polydatin to produce resveratrol. At 35 °C, BglD2 hydrolyzed 86% polydatin after incubation for 2 h. Thus, BglD2 possessed glucose and ethanol tolerant properties and can be used as the potential candidate of catalyst for the production of resveratrol from polydatin.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Stability , Glucose , Glucosides/pharmacology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Substrate Specificity , Temperature , Xylose , beta-Glucosidase/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 305-312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influencing factors of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) and its value to predict outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:Eligible patients undergoing PD in Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University between August 2016 and July 2018 were recruited and prospectively followed up until death, PD cessation, or to the end of the study. CF-PWV was measured by an arterial pulse wave velocity meter to assess arterial stiffness (July 31, 2020). Overhydration was measured by bioimpedance spectroscopy. The patients were divided into CF-PWV≤10 m/s group and CF-PWV>10 m/s group according to the measured value of CF-PWV. The influencing factors of elevated CF-PWV were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to analyze the difference for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality between the two groups.Results:A total of 224 PD patients were enrolled, including 133 males (59.4%). The age was (55.2±13.4) years old, and median PD vintage was 22.3(6.5, 59.3) months. Among them, 47(21.0%) patients were comorbid with diabetes, and 37(16.5%) patients had CVD history. The median CF-PWV was 9.6(8.4, 11.4) m/s for the cohort, and 105(46.9%) participants had CF-PWV over 10 m/s. Compared with CF-PWV≤10 m/s group, CF-PWV>10 m/s group patients had older age, increased percentage of diabetes and CVD (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that increased age ( OR=1.070, 95% CI 1.043-1.099, P<0.001), diabetes ( OR=3.693, 95% CI 1.646-8.287, P=0.002) and higher overhydration ( OR=1.238, 95% CI 1.034-1.483, P=0.020) were independent influencing factors for elevated CF-PWV in PD patients. After followed up for 37.4(25.6, 41.7) months, 24 patients died, including 19 cases of CVD-related deaths. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that all-cause mortality and CVD mortality were significantly higher in the CF-PWV>10 m/s group than those in CF-PWV≤10 m/s group (Log-rank χ2=6.423, P=0.011; Log-rank χ2=6.243, P=0.012, respectively). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models showed that increased age was an independent influencing factor for both all-cause mortality and CVD mortality ( HR=1.057, 95% CI 1.010-1.107, P=0.018; HR=1.062, 95% CI 1.009-1.118, P=0.022). Conclusions:Increased arterial stiffness is relatively common in PD patients. Higher CF-PWV in PD patients is associated with increased age, diabetes and higher overhydration, and it is probably a valuable predictor of outcome in PD patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationships between baseline percentage of pulmonary perfusion defect scores (PPDs%) and residual pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients.Methods:A total of 37 CTEPH patients (21 males, 16 females, age (50±12) years) who had pre- and post-pulmonary endarterectomy ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scans from January 2016 to January 2019 at Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively collected. Residual pulmonary hypertension was defined as post-surgery mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) higher than 30 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Semi-quantitative index PPDs% was calculated to represent the extent of impaired perfusion in the whole lung. Pre- and post-surgery pulmonary hemodynamic parameters including pulmonary arterial pressure and resistance and lung perfusion were compared. Factors that may be related residual pulmonary hypertension were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Paired t test and independent-sample t test were also used. Results:Pulmonary endarterectomy significantly decreased mPAP ((50.22±11.72) vs (26.41±10.61) mmHg; t=12.599, P<0.001) and pulmonary vascular resistance((10.06±5.48) vs (2.89±1.58) Wood unit; t=8.086, P<0.001). The number of defected lung segments (13.79±2.11 vs 5.52±2.82; t=11.593, P<0.001) was significantly reduced. Patients who had residual pulmonary hypertension ( n=11) exhibited significantly higher PPDs% before the surgery compared to those who were without residual pulmonary hypertension ( n=26; (57.48±5.88)% vs (47.77±11.09)%; t=-3.458, P=0.002). Baseline PPDs% was an independent factor for predicting residual pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy (odds ratio ( OR)=1.106, 95% CI: 1.006-1.216, P=0.036). Conclusions:Pulmonary V/Q scan can assess the therapeutic effects of pulmonary endarterectomy. Extent of impaired lung perfusion assessed by V/Q scan is the influencing factor for post-surgery residual pulmonary hypertension.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882032

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the density, populations and habitats of malaria vector Anopheles in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the countermeasures to tackle the risk of local transmission of imported malaria in the province. Methods The malaria vector Anopheles density and populations were monitored using human bait trapping and light trapping techniques in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and all captured Anopheles was morphologically identified and counted. In addition, the distribution of Anopheles habitats was investigated. Results During the period from 2005 through 2019, the malaria vector Anopheles density increased from early June in Guizhou Province, peaked on early July and then declined, which appeared a single peak. The greatest Anopheles density was seen on early August, 2018 [57.34 mosquitoes/(person-night)], and the lowest density was found on late October, 2009 [1.29 mosquitoes/(person-night)]. The annual mean Anopheles density slowly reduced from 17.91 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2005 to 12.34 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2012, with a 38.02% reduction (χ2trend = 115.04, P < 0.01), while the annual mean Anopheles density showed a tendency towards a rise from 2017 to 2019 (χ2trend = 420.00, P < 0.01). The malaria vector Anopheles was captured during the period between 19 : 00 and 7 : 00 of the next day in Guizhou Province from 2017 to 2019, with the overall density appearing a tendency towards a rise followed by a decline, and the Anopheles activity was highly frequent during the period between 19 : 00 and 21 : 00. The malaria vector Anopheles was monitored for 938 times using the light trapping method in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and a total of 52 781 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured, including 49 705 An. sinensis, 804 An. minimus, 238 An. anthropophagus, and 2 034 other Anopheles mosquitoes, with a significant difference seen in the Anopheles composition (χ2 = 165.68, P < 0.01). From 2017 to 2019, a total of 24 557 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured in human housings, outdoors and livestock housings in Guizhou Province, with 67.65% captured in livestock housings and 12.01% in human housings, and there was a significant difference in the number of Anopheles mosquitoes captured from the three types of habitats (χ2 = 55.04, P < 0.01). An. sinensis, An. minimus and An. anthropophagus were captured form all three types of habitats, in which 98.07% was An. sinensis, and 0.09% was An. anthropophagus. Conclusions The population structure of malaria vector Anopheles has changed in historically malaria-endemic areas of Guizhou Province, and An. sinensis has replaced An. minimus and An. anthropophagus to become the predominant malaria vector. The malaria vector Anopheles density has shown a tendency towards a rise in Guizhou Province during the recent years, and there have been a rise in the type and number of Anopheles mosquitoes, leading to a potential risk of local transmission of imported malaria. Long-term, persistent and extensive surveillance of malaria vectors is recommended in Guizhou Province.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882015

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effects of health education on medication compliance and bone mineral density of patients with osteoporosis in community. Methods A total of 123 patients with osteoporosis in A and B community(64 patients in control group and 59 patients in intervention group)received diverse health education and guidance. After a 2-year intervention, knowledge of osteoporosis, health behavior, medication compliance and bone mineral density change were compared between the two groups. Results In the intervention group, the proportions of correctly responding to the questions of osteoporosis were significantly improved before and after intervention(P < 0.05), except the questions of"exercise to what extent is better". Similarly, health behavior and medication compliance were also significantly improved in the intervention group(P < 0.05). In addition, knowledge of osteoporosis, most health behavior and medication compliance were better than those in the control group(P < 0.05). The difference in the bone mineral densitybetween the intervention group and the control group before and after intervention was 0.025±0.322 and -0.139±0.312(P < 0.05), respectively, showing significant differences(P < 0.05). Conclusion Health education for patients with osteoporosis may significantly improve health behavior, medication compliance, bone mineral density, and prognosis of osteoporosis.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 129-131, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862815

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of hematological malignancies is increasing year by year, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. Antibody drugs are the main force of modern biological products industry, accounting for more than 50% of the global biological products market, and the application prospects of bispecific antibody drugs have attracted much attention. This article reviews the role and research progress of bispecific antibody drugs in hematological malignancies.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862698

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the clinical efficacy of modified Guizhi Jia Gegen Tang on cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) with Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome and its effect on cervical vertebral mobility, isometric muscle strength and pain-related factors. <b>Method::Totally 162 CSR patients with Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome were randomly divided into observation group (81 cases) and control group (81 cases). The observation group was given modified Guizhi Jia Gegen Tang orally, 150 mL/time, twice a day, while the control group was given Jingshu granule orally for 6 g/time, twice a day. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. The changes of median nerve F wave conduction velocity, cervical vertebral mobility, isometric muscle strength, CSR 20 subscale score and visual analogue score (VAS) were recorded before and after treatment. The total effective rate and the cure rate were counted after treatment. The levels of serum pain-related factors (5-HT), nerve growth factor (NGF) and prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> (PGE<sub>2</sub>) were measured before and after treatment. <b>Result::The total effective rate of the observation group was 98.77%, and the cure rate was 40.74%, which were better than 83.95%and 7.41%of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with before treatment, the conduction velocity of median nerve F wave, cervical vertebral mobility, isometric muscle strength and CSR 20 score increased, whereas VAS score, pain related factors 5-HT, NGF and PGE<sub>2</sub> content decreased in both groups (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with control group, median nerve F wave conduction velocity, cervical vertebral mobility, isometric muscle strength and CSR 20 subscale scores increased, while VAS score decreased, pain related factors 5-HT, NGF and PGE<sub>2</sub> contents decreased in the observation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). <b>Conclusion::Modified Guizhi Jia Gegen Tang is effective in treating CSR with Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome, and can significantly improve the neck and hand functions and relieve pain.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 12-17, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817371

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To investigate the present situation of clinical pharmacy in different levels of medical institutions in Chongqing,and to investigate the method for optimizing clinical pharmaceutical care. METHODS:By questionnaire survey,50 sample medical institutions(including 15 third level hospitals,25 second level hospitals and 10 first level hospitals)in Chongqing were selected according to the region,the level of medical institutions,comprehensive and specialized hospitals. The team of clinical pharmacists and the development of clinical pharmacy were investigated,and the results were statistically analyzed to find common problems and put forward relevant suggestions. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:Totally 45 questionnaires were collected, with a recovery rate of 90%,of which 39 questionnaires were qualified,with a qualified rate of 86.67%. There were 32 hospitals (82.05%)in 39 medical institutions with clinical pharmacy departments and 4 hospitals(10.26%)with clinical pharmacist training base. There were 239 full-time pharmacists in 39 medical institutions,with an average of 6.13 persons in each medical institution, including 4.5 full-time clinical pharmacists,and 2-5 full-time clinical pharmacists(25 hospitals)in most medical institutions. Top 5 clinical departments that clinical pharmacists mainly participated in were respiratory department,cardiovascular department, endocrinology department,ICU and oncology department. Most of the clinical pharmacists(16 hospitals,42.11%)worked in the clinic for more than 50% to no more than 80%. The number of medical institutions(28-37,>70.00%)carrying out ADR monitoring, rational drug use knowledge publicity, prescription and medical order comment, ward round, consultation, editing and publishing drug information was relatively high. 28 medical institutions(78.95%)did not carry out the test of therapeutic drugs;39(100%)medical institutions had carried out the education of patients’drug use,in the form of billboards(30 hospitals,78.95%),science lectures(28 hospitals,73.68%)and drug education forms(28 hospitals,73.68%)The contents of drug use education mainly included precautions(39 hospitals,100%),usage and dosage(37 hospitals,97.37%), ADR(36 hospitals,94.74%). 29 hospitals had carried out clinical pharmaceutical research(73.68%),mainly rational drug use research(28 hospitals,73.68%);5 medical institutions(12.82%)had set up joint pharmacy outpatient service,2(5.12%)had set up independent pharmacy outpatient service,the rest had not set up pharmacy outpatient service(26 hospitals,66.67%). In this survey,it is found that there are some problems,such as incomplete coverage of beds in the ward in pharmaceutical care,weak foundation of scientific research in pharmaceutical departments. It is suggested that the national and local health committees should strengthen the construction of multi-level clinical pharmacy talent echelon,explore and train resident clinical pharmacists,select and build key clinical pharmacy specialties in Chongqing,and establish incentive mechanism for clinical pharmacists. Medical institutions at all levels can adopt multiple ways to accelerate the training of clinical pharmacists,increase the publicity of pharmacists’outpatient service,change the working mode of the ward,cultivate special clinical pharmacists,improve the ways and paths of continuing education,and enhance the strength of scientific research to improve the level of clinical pharmaceutical care.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 285-298, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827058

ABSTRACT

The current study was aimed to investigate the potential effects of perinatal exposure to therapeutic dose of penicillin and cefixime on the cognitive behaviors, gastrointestinal (GI) motility and serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) level in the offspring. Pregnant rats were continuously treated with cefixime or penicillin in the period between 1 week before and 1 week after labor. Behavior tests, including social preference, self-grooming and elevated plus maze tests, and intestinal motility tests were carried out on the offspring at age of 4 to 10 weeks. Serum 5-HT levels were detected with ELISA, and potassium/sodium hyperpolarization activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 2 (HCN2) and tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) expression levels in colon epithelium of offspring were detected by Western blot and RT-qPCR. The results showed that, compared with the naive group, cefixime increased social behavior in the female offspring, but did not affect the male offspring. Compared with the naive group, cefixime significantly decreased colonic and intestinal transits, and increased cecum net weight and standardized cecum net weight in the male offspring, but did not affect the female offspring. The serum 5-HT levels in the male offspring, rather than the female offspring, in cefixime and penicillin groups were significantly increased compared with that in the naive group. The protein expression level of HCN2 in colon epithelium of the offspring in cefixime group was significantly down-regulated, and the TPH1 expression level was not significantly changed, compared with that in the naive group. These results suggest that perinatal antibiotics exposure may affect neural development and GI functions of the offspring, and the mechanism may involve peripheral 5-HT and gender-dependent factor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Colon , Female , Gastrointestinal Motility , Male , Mice , Pregnancy , Rats , Serotonin , Tryptophan Hydroxylase
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 347-360, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827053

ABSTRACT

Interactions among the nervous, the endocrine and the immune systems enable the gut to respond to the dietary products, pathogens and microbiota, which maintains the homeostasis of the body. However, dysbiosis may induce or aggravate the gastrointestinal (GI) and extra-GI diseases through changing the activities of enteric nervous system (ENS), enteroendocrine cells and enteric immune cells. Here we review recent advances in the understandings on how intestinal flora may impact the enteric neuro-endocrine-immune system in the gut, thereby contributing to the regulation of pathophysiological processes.


Subject(s)
Enteric Nervous System , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Immune System
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799454

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the biodistribution of 4-chloro-2-tert-butyl-5-[2-[[1-[2-[2-18F-fluroethoxy]ethoxymethyl]-1H-1, 2, 3-triazol-4-yl]methyl]phenylmethoxy]-3(2H)-pyridazinone (18F-MyoZone) and evaluate its clinical potential as a PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) tracer in mini-swine.@*Methods@#18F-MyoZone was prepared. Twelve Bama mini-swine were intravenously injected with approximately 111 MBq of 18F-MyoZone to evaluate PET imaging characteristics. Whole-body PET scans were performed at the timing of 5, 20, 40, 60 and 120 min postinjection to measure time-dependent mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) in multiple organs of health animals (n=6). SUVmean ratios of myocardium/liver and myocardium/lung over time were then calculated. Mini-swine with induced acute myocardial infarction (n=3) and chronic myocardial ischemia (n=3) accompanying with health mini-swine (n=3) were utilized to evaluate the diagnostic capability of 18F-MyoZone PET MPI.@*Results@#The typical decay-corrected radiochemical yield of 18F-MyoZone reached (52.0±4.3)%(n=3) with a high radiochemical purity (>98%). In the biodistribution study, high initial myocardial uptake (SUVmean=10.40±2.40 at 5 min postinjection) and remarkable myocardial retention (SUVmean=9.30±2.00 at 120 min postinjection) were observed. The adjacent organs (like the liver and lungs) indicated low tracer uptake and rapid clearance. The heart/liver and heart/lung SUVmean ratios were 4.77±0.91 and 17.14±5.84 respectively at 5 min postinjection, with an increase to 11.16±1.38 and 21.69±7.09 at 120 min postinjection. In the MPI study of mini-swine, normal myocardium demonstrated uniform tracer distribution with clearly visualizable myocardial boundary, infarct myocardium and severe ischemia myocardium performed intense resting perfusion defect, and ischemia myocardium revealed reversible perfusion defect by stress/rest MPI. The myocardial image quality remained stable within 120 min postinjection.@*Conclusions@#MPI with 18F-MyoZone exhibits high initial myocardial uptake and low extracardiac activities in adjacent organs. Advantages in early imaging and wide diagnostic time window make it a promising PET MPI tracer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799452

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the superiority of 99Tcm-3SPboroxime (99Tcm-3SP for short) as a fast-myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) tracer in normal and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) mini-swine.@*Methods@#99Tcm-3SP and 99Tcm-Teboroxime (99Tcm-TEBO for short) were prepared. Approximately 370 MBq 99Tcm-3SP or 99Tcm-TEBO was injected intravenously in 2 healthy mini-swine separately. Dynamic planar images were acquired immediately after injection and continued for 20 min using a standard SPECT camera. The radioactivity uptakes in the heart, liver, and lungs were measured, and heart/liver and heart/lung ratios over time were calculated. Dynamic SPECT studies were performed in 4 normal swine and 1 AMI-swine using cadmium zinc telluride-SPECT (CZT-SPECT). List mode acquisitions were immediately started and continued for 15 min after intravenous injection of approximately 370 MBq 99Tcm-TEBO and 99Tcm-3SP. The injection of two radiotracers in the same swine was completed within 2 d. The radioactivity uptakes in heart and liver were measured, and heart/liver ratio was calculated. Image quality was also evaluated. Paired t test was used to analyze the data.@*Results@#The radiochemical purity of 99Tcm-TEBO or 99Tcm-3SP were both above 95%. The initial heart uptake of 99Tcm-3SP was very close to that of 99Tcm-TEBO (planar image, 2 min postinjection: 309.32×103 vs 314.13×103 counts/MBq; SPECT image, 2 min postinjection (corrected): 7.96±0.87 vs 8.24±1.53, t=0.277, P>0.05), but the myocardial retention time was much longer than that of 99Tcm-TEBO (planar image, 20 min postinjection: 218.67×103 vs 143.19×103 counts/MBq; SPECT image, 15 min postinjection (corrected): 6.76±0.45 vs 5.06±0.33, t=-12.412, P=0.001). The uptake of liver and heart/liver ratio between 99Tcm-TEBO and 99Tcm-3SP were similar (t values: -1.332-1.101, all P>0.05 within 15 min). SPECT MPI images demonstrated uniform tracer distribution with clearly visualizable myocardial boundary in normal myocardium and intense perfusion defect in infarct myocardium. High quality SPECT images could be obtained in any of the 5 min imaging windows over the first 15 min after injection of 99Tcm-3SP in normal swine and AMI-swine.@*Conclusion@#99Tcm-3SP is a promising 99Tcm-labeled radiotracer for fast-MPI considering its high heart uptake, long myocardial retention time (20 min postinjection) and superior SPECT image quality.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873835

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the population and infestation rates of cockroaches from 2017 to 2019 in Jiading District of Shanghai, to evaluate the effect of cockroach termination in household, and to provide information for cockroach control. Methods Cockroaches were controlled by dinotefuran baits and clean-up in households.Sticky trap and visual method were employed for density monitoring in farmers markets, supermarkets, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and residential areas.Visual method was used in households before and after using the insecticide. Results Sticky trap result showed the room infestation rate was 3.24%, mean adhesion rate was 3.29%, the density was 0.06 per board, and the density peak appeared in May.Rate of invasion and density decreased year by year.Blattella germanica was the dominant species, counting for 71.88%.The density, and rate of infestation, as determined by sticky trap method, were the highest in the farmers markets, followed by hospitals and residential areas.Determined by visual method, room infestation rate was 1.16%, and the infestation rate was 4.44%.The peak appeared in January.Infestation rate of the farmers markets was the highest, followed by hospitals and residential areas.By visual method, the room infestation rate was 59.01%, and 48.45% for nymphs.The room infestation and ootheca rates were 54.04% and 17.39%.The rate decreased more than 80% in 30 days after use of the insecticide. Conclusion Infestation rate of cockroach remains at low level in Jiading District.The effect of bait combined with environmental cleaning is remarkable.Future work should strengthen monitoring and control in farmers markets, hospitals and residential areas.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872954

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical efficacy of Duhuo Xuduan Tang for oral administration and iontophoresis in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) with liver and kidney deficiency and its effect on stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) signaling pathway. Method::Totally 150 KOA patients with deficiency of liver and kidney diagnosed in the Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) were randomly divided into control group, oral TCM group and iontophoresis group, with 50 cases in each group. The control group was given glucosamine sulfate capsule, 0.5 g/time, twice a day, while the oral TCM group was given Duhuo Xuduan Tang, 150 mL/time, twice a day. In the iontophoresis group, Duhuo Xuduan Tang was administered at Kuangu acupoint, Xiguan acupoint, Xiyan acupoint and Dubi acupoint for iontophoresis for 30 minutes, once a day. All of the three groups were treated for 4 weeks. The swelling degree and the pain degree of knee joint before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was recorded. The protein contents of SDF-1, CXCR4, matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) in knee joint fluid before and after treatment were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Result::The efficacy of oral TCM group was better than that of iontophoresis group and control group, and the recurrence rate was the lowest (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the tenderness increased, whereas visual analogue scale(VAS) score, knee swelling score, The Western Ontario and McMaste Universities (WOMAC) score and SDF-1, CXCR4, MMP-3 and MMP-13 protein content in knee joint fluid decreased in oral TCM group after treatment, which were better than those in iontophoresis group and control group (P<0.05). Conclusion::Duhuo Xuduan Tang for oral administration and iontophoresis has an obvious effect on KOA with liver and kidney deficiency, with the best effect through oral administration. Its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of SDF-1/CXCR4 inflammatory signaling pathway and cartilage decomposition.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of peripapillary vessel density and retinal nerve fiber layer parameters (RNFL) in diabetic mellitus (DM) patients with early diabetic retinopathy (DR).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January to December 2018, twenty-eight DM patients (47 eyes, DM group) and 20 normal subjects (40 eyes, control group) in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University at Hangzhou were included in the study. There was no significant difference between the two groups in age ( t=-1.397, P=0.169) and sex composition ratio ( χ2=0.039, P=0.843). The optic nerve head was scanned by OCT angiography (OCTA) with HD 4.5 mm ×4.5 mm imaging scanning mode for all subjects. The peripapillary radial peripapillary capillaries vessel density (ppVD) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness were measured. The changes of ppVD and pRNFL thickness between the two groups were observed. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between ppVD and pRNFL in each quadrant. Results:Compared with the control group, the mean ppVD and superior-hemi part, inferior-hemi part, superior, nasal, inferior and temporal quadrant ppVDs of DM group were all significantly lower than those of control group ( t=5.107, 4.360, 3.713, 4.007, 2.806, 4.046, 2.214; P<0.05). The mean and all quadrants pRNFL thickness were lower in eyes of DM group compared with the control, and the superior and inferior quadrant pRNFL thickness were statistically significant ( t=2.117, 2.349; P<0.05), while the mean pRNFL and superior-hemi, inferior-hemi part, nasal and temporal quadrant were not statistically significant ( t=1.867, 1.717, 1.869, 0.720, 0.303; P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the significant high-positive correlation was found between ppVD and pRNFL thickness in the nasal quadrant ( r=0.734, P<0.001). Conclusion:In early DR patients, ppVD decreased and pRNFL thinned.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 189-196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of abdominal aortic calcification score (AACS) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:The patients who underwent regular PD at Renji Hospital between July 2011 and July 2014 were recruited and prospectively followed up until the end of the study (August 31, 2018), death, or dropout PD. Abdomen lateral X-ray was used to determine AACS for each patient at enrollment. Patients were divided into three groups based on the tertiles of AACS: non-calcified group, AACS group (AACS=0), mild-moderate calcification group AACS group (0<AACS≤4) and severe calcification group (4<AACS≤24). Cumulative incidences of cardiovascular outcomes among three groups were estimated using competing risk model and compared through Gray test. Competing risk regression model was used to evaluate the association of AACS and cardiovascular events as well as CVD mortality.Results:Two hundred and ninety-two PD patients were enrolled in this study. The cohort consisted of 160 males (54.8%) with the age (57.1±15.2) years and median PD vintage 28.4 (IQR 12.0, 57.8) months, and their average AACS was 2.0 (0.0, 6.0). Order logistic regression analysis showed that older age ( OR=1.081, 95% CI 1.057-1.106, P<0.001) and longer PD vintage ( OR=1.012, 95% CI 1.004-1.019, P=0.003), CVD history ( OR=1.919, 95% CI 1.108-3.325, P=0.020) and diabetes ( OR=2.554, 95% CI 1.415-4.609, P=0.002) were independent risk factors of escalating AACS in PD patients. During the follow-up, 65 cases CVD events and 50 cases CVD-related deaths developed. Patients in the upper AACS tertile had significantly higher estimated cumulative incidences of CVD occurrence ( Gray=27.81, P<0.001) and CVD mortality ( Gray=20.91, P<0.001). AACS was an independent predictor of both CVD occurrence (medium AACS group vs low AACS group: SHR=2.823, 95% CI 1.333-5.970, P=0.007; high AACS group vs medium AACS group: SHR=3.063, 95% CI 1.460-6.430, P=0.003) and CVD mortality ( SHR=2.590, 95% CI 1.132-5.920, P=0.024) in competing risk regression models. Conclusions:Age, PD vintage, diabetes and preexisting CVD are associated with higher AACS in the present cohort. AACS can predict CVD morbidity and mortality in PD population and therefore may help with the early identification of PD patients with adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish SPECT quantitative method for assessment of right ventricular myocardial blood flow (MBF) and investigate the relationship between right ventricular MBF and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.Methods:From January 2018 to June 2019, 14 patients (13 females, 1 male; age: (30.9±13.5) years) in Fuwai Hospital with pulmonary arterial hypertension related to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD), whose right ventricular function were preserved, were retrospectively analyzed in this study. All subjects underwent dynamic SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging using cadmium-zine-telluride (CZT) SPECT. Full physical correction was applied for imaging reconstruction. One-tissue two compartmental model was used for kinetic analysis and the spill-over effect from right ventricular blood pool to right ventricular myocardium was considered into the correction, thus right ventricular MBF and left ventricular MBF was calculated. Right heart catheterization was performed within one week after SPECT imaging to evaluate the pulmonary hemodynamic parameters, and the right ventricular end-diastolic dimension (EDD) was measured by transthoracic echocardiography. Correlations between the MBF and other parameters were analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis.Results:The right ventricular MBF was (0.70±0.19) ml·min -1·g -1, which was significantly correlated with mean pulmonary artery pressure ((68.64±18.18) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); r=0.716, P<0.05) and pulmonary vascular resistance ((14.10±7.81) Wood units; r=0.768, P<0.05). The right ventricular MBF was also significantly correlated with right ventricular EDD ((32.00±7.75) mm; r=-0.624, P<0.05). Meanwhile, there was no significant relationship between left ventricular MBF and hemodynamic parameters ( r values: from -0.350 to 0.310, all P>0.05). Conclusions:A method using SPECT to quantitively measure right ventricular MBF in patients with PAH-CHD is preliminarily established. Right ventricular MBF is increased with the increased pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with PAH-CHD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869197

ABSTRACT

With the progress of a variety of noninvasive imaging techniques, the diagnostic accuracy of pulmonary embolism has been greatly improved. Lung ventilation/perfusion imaging is still the most important examination in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Its imaging technology and image interpretation criteria are very important. This article mainly reviews the application status of lung ventilation/perfusion imaging in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, the comparison of different imaging methods and the latest research progress of new technology.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) assessed from the renal dynamic imaging method (Gates method) with 99Tc m-diethylene triamine pentoacetic acid (DTPA) in the heart transplant population. Methods:From September 2017 to June 2018, 34 patients with advanced heart failure who were prepared for surgery (30 males, 4 females; age: (45±14) years; heart transplant group) and 41 patients with normal heart function (19 males, 22 females; age: (50±17) years; control group) in Fuwai Hospital were respectively enrolled. GFRs of all patients were measured using Gates method (gGFR) and dual plasma sample method (DPSM; dGFR) with 99Tc m-DTPA. The accuracy of Gates method for detecting GRF was verified by using DPSM as the reference. Seventeen patients in heart transplant group underwent 99Tc m-DTPA renal dynamic imaging for Gates and DPSM results repeatedly after the surgery. The single kidney (left and right) functions (dGFRL and dGFRR) of DPSM were obtained according to the results of Gates method. Pearson correlation analysis and paired t test were used to analyze the data. Results:The gGFR in heart transplant group was higher than dGFR ((66.49±15.66) vs (49.16±13.24) ml·min -1·1.73 m -2; t=6.728, P<0.01), and there was a moderate correlation between them ( r=0.467, P<0.01). No difference between gGFR and dGFR in control group was observed ((65.35±26.28) vs (62.22±21.37) ml·min -1·1.73 m -2; t=1.268, P=0.212), and there was a good correlation between them ( r=0.799, P<0.01). The difference between 2 correlation coefficients was statistically significant ( z=-2.44, P<0.05). Serum creatinine decreased, while dGFR, dGFRL and dGFRR increased after the surgery, suggesting the improved renal function. Conclusions:The renal dynamic imaging method (Gates method) with 99Tc m-DTPA has less accuracy in the heart transplant patients. Combination of DPSM and Gates method can provide the precise total GFR and assess single kidney GFR, and may serve as a tool to monitor the renal function for the heart transplant patients in clinic.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869133

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biodistribution of 4-chloro-2-tert-butyl-5-[2-[[1-[2-[2-18 F-fluroethoxy] ethoxymethyl]-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl] methyl] phenylmethoxy]-3(2H)-pyridazinone (18F-MyoZone) and evaluate its clinical potential as a PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) tracer in miniswine.Methods 18F-MyoZone was prepared.Twelve Bama mini-swine were intravenously injected with approximately 111 MBq of 18F-MyoZone to evaluate PET imaging characteristics.Whole-body PET scans were performed at the timing of 5,20,40,60 and 120 min postinjection to measure time-dependent mean stand-ardized uptake value (SUVmean) in multiple organs of health animals (n =6).SUVmean ratios of myocardium/liver and myocardium/lung over time were then calculated.Mini-swine with induced acute myocardial infarction (n =3) and chronic myocardial ischemia (n =3) accompanying with health mini-swine (n =3) were utilized to evaluate the diagnostic capability of 18F-MyoZone PET MPI.Results The typical decay-corrected radiochemical yield of 18 F-MyoZone reached (52.0±4.3)% (n =3) with a high radiochemical purity (>98%).In the biodistribution study,high initial myocardial uptake (SUVmean =10.40±2.40 at 5 min postinjection) and remarkable myocardial retention (SUVmean =9.30±2.00 at 120 min postinjection) were observed.The adjacent organs (like the liver and lungs) indicated low tracer uptake and rapid clearance.The heart/liver and heart/lung SUVmean ratios were 4.77±0.91 and 17.14±5.84 respectively at 5 min postinjection,with an increase to 11.16± 1.38 and 21.69±7.09 at 120 min postinjection.In the MPI study of miniswine,normal myocardium demonstrated uniform tracer distribution with clearly visualizable myocardial boundary,infarct myocardium and severe ischemia myocardium performed intense resting perfusion defect,and ischemia myocardium revealed reversible perfusion defect by stress/rest MPI.The myocardial image quality remained stable within 120 min postinjection.Conclusions MPI with 18F-MyoZone exhibits high initial myocardial uptake and low extracardiac activities in adjacent organs.Advantages in early imaging and wide diagnostic time window make it a promising PET MPI tracer.

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