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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 363-368, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964230

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate retinal vascularization caused by the intravitreal injection of Conbercept in the treatment of a series of retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)cases in Type Ⅰ(threshold and pre-threshold period)and aggressive ROP(A-ROP).METHODS: The data of 34 ROP cases(67 eyes)treated by intravitreal injection of Conbercept(IVC)in the ophthalmology department of the Xiamen Children's Hospital from July 2017 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Reactivation, which refers to recurrence of acute phase features, occurred at any stage of the disease in the presence or absence of other diseases. RESULT: The average gestational age of the 34 children was 28.82±2.32wk. The average birth weight was 1155.18±398.22g. The lesion zone of 19 cases(37 eyes)was Zone Ⅰ. In 10 cases(20 eyes), the lesion was in Zone Ⅱ, and in 5 cases(10 eyes), the lesion was in the posterior Zone Ⅱ. The total effective rate of disease control in ROP children treated with once IVC was 73.1%(49/67), and the vascularization of Zone Ⅱ was completed. The patients showed variable changes in the vascularization in Zone Ⅲ. For the patients who received one treatment and did not reactivate, the average rate of Type Ⅰ vascularization of ROP was 9.11±2.49wk, and the A-ROP was 13.40±4.04wk. The rate of A-ROP vascularization in Zone Ⅱ was significantly longer compared to Type Ⅰ.CONCLUSION: IVC effectively completes vascularization in Zone Ⅱ.

2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 408-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986040

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the status of turnover intention and its influencing factors of hemato-oncology nurses. Methods: From September to November 2021, the convenience sampling method was used to select 382 hemato-oncology nurses from 8 tertiary grade A general hospitals in Shandong Province. The general information questionnaire, the Chinese Nurses' Work Stressor Scale, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire and the Turnover Intention Questionnaire were used to investigate the general situation, occupational stress, psychological capital and turnover intention of the objects. The correlations between the turnover intention, occupational stress and psychological capital of the objects were analyze by Pearson correlation. And the multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of turnover intention. A structural equation model was used to analyze the effect path of occupational stress and psychological capital on turnover intention. Results: The total turnover intention score of hemato-oncology nurses was (14.25±4.03), with the average item score of (2.38±0.67). The occupational stress score of hemato-oncology nurses was (71.57±14.43), and the psychological capital score was (91.96±15.29). The results of correlation analysis showed that the turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses was positively correlated with occupational stress, and was negatively correlated with psychological capital (r=0.599, -0.489, P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that married (β=-0.141), psychological capital (β=-0.156) and occupational stress (β=0.493) were the influencing factors of turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses (P<0.05). The path analysis of structural equation model showed that the direct effect of occupational stress on turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses was 0.522, and the intermediary effect of psychological capital on turnover intention was 0.143 (95%CI: 0.013-0.312, P<0.05), accounting for 21.5% of the total effect. Conclusion: The turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses is at a high level, hospital and administrators should focus on the psychological state of unmarried nurses. By improving the psychological capital of nurses, to reduce occupational stress and turnover intention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intention , Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Stress , Hospitals, General , Personnel Turnover , Surveys and Questionnaires , Nurses , Job Satisfaction
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 42-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970944

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal ultrafiltration failure is a common reason for peritoneal dialysis (PD) withdrawal as well as mortality in PD patients. Based on the three-pore system, inter-cellular small pores and trans-cellular ultra-small pores (aquaporin-1) are mainly responsible for water transfer across the peritoneum. Both small and ultra-small pores-dependent water (free water) transport decline accompanied with time on PD, with more significant decrease in free water, resulting in peritoneal ultrafiltration failure. The reduction of free water transport is associated with fast peritoneal solute transfer, reduced crystalloid osmotic gradient due to increased interstitial glucose absorption, and declined osmotic conductance to glucose resulted from impaired aquaporin-1 function and peritoneal interstitial fibrosis. The decline of small pore-based water is mainly because of fast loss of crystalloid osmotic gradient, decrease of hydrostatic pressure mediated by peritoneal vasculopathy, as well as reduced absolute number of small pores. The current review discusses the advance on pathogenesis of acquired peritoneal ultrafiltration failure in long-term PD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneum , Ultrafiltration , Dialysis Solutions , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Water , Glucose
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1212-1217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970592

ABSTRACT

Rhizome rot is one of the main disease in the cultivation of Polygonatum cyrtonema, and it is also a global disease which seriously occurs on the perennial medicinal plants such as Panax notoginseng and P. ginseng. There is no effective control method at present. To identify the effects of three biocontrol microbes(Penicillium oxalicum QZ8, Trichoderma asperellum QZ2, and Brevibacillus amyloliquefaciens WK1) on the pathogens causing rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema, this study verified six suspected pathogens for their pathogenicity on P. cyrtonema. The result showed that Fusarium sp. HJ4, Colletotrichum sp. HJ4-1, and Phomopsis sp. HJ15 were the pathogens of rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema, and it was found for the first time that Phomopsis sp. could cause rhizome rot P. cyrtonema. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of biocontrol microbes and their secondary metabolites on three pathogens were determined by confrontation culture. The results showed that the three tested biocontrol microbes significantly inhibited the growth of three pathogens. Moreover, the secondary metabolites of T. asperellum QZ2 and B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 showed significant inhibition against the three pathogens(P<0.05), and the effect of B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 sterile filtrate was significantly higher than that of high tempe-rature sterilized filtrate(P<0.05). B. amyloliquefaciens WK1 produced antibacterial metabolites to inhibit the growth of pathogens, and the growth inhibition rate of its sterile filtrate against three pathogens ranged from 87.84% to 93.14%. T. asperellum QZ2 inhibited the growth of pathogens through competition and antagonism, and P. oxalicum QZ8 exerted the inhibitory effect through competition. The research provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of rhizome rot of P. cyrtonema and provides a basis for the di-sease control in other crops.


Subject(s)
Polygonatum , Rhizome
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 36-48, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970104

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. With the improvement of clinical therapy, the mortality of acute MI has been significantly reduced. However, as for the long-term impact of MI on cardiac remodeling and cardiac function, there is no effective prevention and treatment measures. Erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein cytokine essential to hematopoiesis, has anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenetic effects. Studies have shown that EPO plays a protective role in cardiomyocytes in cardiovascular diseases, such as cardiac ischemia injury and heart failure. EPO has been demonstrated to protect ischemic myocardium and improve MI repair by promoting the activation of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs). This study aimed to investigate whether EPO can promote MI repair by enhancing the activity of stem cell antigen 1 positive stem cells (Sca-1+ SCs). Darbepoetin alpha (a long-acting EPO analog, EPOanlg) was injected into the border zone of MI in adult mice. Infarct size, cardiac remodeling and performance, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and microvessel density were measured. Lin- Sca-1+ SCs were isolated from neonatal and adult mouse hearts by magnetic sorting technology, and were used to identify the colony forming ability and the effect of EPO, respectively. The results showed that, compared to MI alone, EPOanlg reduced the infarct percentage, cardiomyocyte apoptosis ratio and left ventricular (LV) chamber dilatation, improved cardiac performance, and increased the numbers of coronary microvessels in vivo. In vitro, EPO increased the proliferation, migration and clone formation of Lin- Sca-1+ SCs likely via the EPO receptor and downstream STAT-5/p38 MAPK signaling pathways. These results suggest that EPO participates in the repair process of MI by activating Sca-1+ SCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ventricular Remodeling , Erythropoietin , Myocardial Infarction , Heart , Stem Cells
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 389-397, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981936

ABSTRACT

Male reproductive infections are known to shape the immunological homeostasis of the testes, leading to male infertility. However, the specific pathogenesis of these changes remains poorly understood. Exosomes released in the inflammatory microenvironment are important in communication between the local microenvironment and recipient cells. Here, we aim to identify the immunomodulatory properties of inflammatory testes-derived exosomes (IT-exos) and explore their underlying mechanisms in orchitis. IT-exos were isolated using a uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)-induced orchitis model and confirmed that IT-exos promoted proinflammatory M1 activation with increasing expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in vitro. We further used small RNA sequencing to identify the differential miRNA profiles in exosomes and primary testicular macrophages (TMs) from normal and UPEC-infected testes, respectively, and identified that miR-155-5p was highly enriched in IT-exos and TMs from inflammatory testes. Further study of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) transfected with miR-155-5p mimic showed that macrophages polarized to proinflammatory phenotype. In addition, the mice that were administrated IT-exos showed remarkable activation of TM1-like macrophages; however, IT-exos with silencing miR-155-5p showed a decrease in proinflammatory responses. Overall, we demonstrate that miR-155-5p delivered by IT-exos plays an important role in the activation of TM1 in UPEC-induced orchitis. Our study provides a new perspective on the immunological mechanisms underlying inflammation-related male infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mice , Animals , Orchitis , Uropathogenic Escherichia coli/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Phenotype , Infertility, Male/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 733-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney generalized dominance ratio (T max-weighted ratio) based on residual tissue time to peak (T max) delayed severity weighting in predicting the moderate to severe edema after acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke. Methods:The clinical and imaging features of patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke from January 2019 to April 2022 in Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 85 patients were enrolled, including 60 males and 25 females, with the age from 34 to 93 (67±11) years old. Patients underwent non-contrast CT, CT angiography of the head and neck, and CT perfusion imaging of the head, and ischemic core volume and the ratio of T max 4-6 s volume, T max 6-8 s volume, T max 8-10 s volume, and T max >10 s volume relative to the entire hypo-perfused area (T max>4 s volume) was measured, and the T max-weighted ratio was calculated, the collateral circulation were assessed. Patients were divided into mild edema group and moderate to severe edema group according to whether local swelling exceeded 1/3 of the unilateral cerebral hemisphere on non-contrast CT at 24-48 h. The indicators were compared between the two groups by independant t test, Mann-Whitney U and χ 2 test. The performance to predict moderate to severe edema was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for the moderate to severe edema. Differences in baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and infarct core volume were equalized by 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) and the differences of T max-weighted ratio between the two groups were further compared. Results:There were 52 cases in the mild edema group and 33 cases in the moderate to severe edema group. Baseline NIHSS score, T max>10 s volume, ischemic core volume, T max-weighted ratio and proportion of poor collateral circulation were higher in the moderate-severe edema group than those in the mild edema group ( P<0.001), T max 4-6 s volume was lower than in the mild edema group ( P<0.001). ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of T max-weighted ratio for predicting the incidence of moderate to severe edema was 0.885 (95%CI 0.798-0.944), with an optimal cut-off value of 1.17, sensitivity of 84.85% and specificity of 82.69% before PSM. The predictive ability based on T max-weighted ratio was similar to ischemic core volume( Z=0.64, P=0.520), T max 4-6 s volume ( Z=1.48, P=0.140) and superior to T max 6-8 s volume( Z=5.65, P<0.001), T max 8-10 s volume( Z=4.46, P<0.001), T max >10 s volume ( Z=2.91, P=0.004). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that T max-weighted ratio>1.17 was an independent predictor of the development of moderate to severe edema (OR=10.40,95%CI 2.65-40.83, P=0.001) through adjusted for baseline NIHSS score and ischemic core volume. After PSM, 14 patients in each group were included; the T max-weighted ratio was higher in the moderate-to-severe edema group than that in the mild edema group ( P<0.001), and the differences in other factors were not statistically significant (all P>0.05); ROC analysis showed that the AUC of T max-weighted ratio to predict the occurrence of moderate-to-severe edema was 0.852 (95%CI 0.667-0.957). Conclusion:The T max-weighted ratio can predict the occurrence of moderate-to-severe edema in brain tissue after acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 881-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the application effect of self-made anti-pressure sore cotton cover on the prevention of facial pressure injury in patients with non-invasive ventilation, and to explore the effective method of preventing facial pressure injury.Methods:A prospective study was conducted. Patients with mild to moderate respiratory failure and non-invasive ventilation admitted to the department of intensive care medicine of Harisen International Peace Hospital Affiliated to Hebei Medical University from March 2020 to August 2021 were enrolled, and they were divided into gauze pad group, foam dressing group and self-made anti-pressure ulcer cotton cover group by random number table method. Before wearing the ventilator mask, the gauze pad group and the foam auxiliary dressing group should fold or cut out the auxiliary dressing with the corresponding size and suitable for the patient's facial contour. In the self-made anti-pressure sore cotton cover group, the ventilator cotton cover could be worn only by selecting the cotton cover suitable for the patient's face shape, aligning the vent to the mouth and nose, and tying the fixed belt behind the ear. The incidence of facial pressure sore, the time required to connect man-machine interface (from the preparation of auxiliary dressing for pressure sores to the connection of ventilator) and the cost of dressing were compared among the three groups.Results:A total of 150 patients with non-invasive ventilation were enrolled, with 50 patients in each group. Compared with the gauze pad group and the foam dressing group, the incidence of facial pressure sore in the self-made anti-pressure sore cotton cover group was significantly reduced [6.0% (3/50) vs. 44.0% (22/50), 12.0% (6/50), both P < 0.05], and the time required to connect the man-machine interface was significantly shortened (minutes: 5.0±1.5 vs. 10.0±1.5, 8.0±2.0, both P < 0.05), dressing cost was significantly reduced (yuan: 30±10 vs. 150±20, 118±29, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the gauze pad and the foam dressing, the incidence of facial pressure sore in non-invasive ventilation patients with self-made anti-pressure sore cotton cover is lower, the time required to connect man-machine interface is shorter, and the cost of pressure sore prevention dressing is less, which is suitable for the prevention of facial pressure injury in non-invasive ventilation patients.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 274-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether barium chloride (BaCl 2) preconditioning has the protective effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) model in mice and the possible mechanism. Methods:Sixty 8-12 week old healthy C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into control group, ARDS model group and BaCl 2 pretreatment group, with 20 mice in each group. The BaCl 2 pretreatment group was continuously injected with BaCl 2 (4 mg/kg through the tail vein) for 3 days before ARDS model establishment. ARDS model was established by intratracheally injecting (3 mg/kg) LPS. The control group was intratracheally given the same volume of 0.9% normal saline. On 24th hour after ARDS model establishment, some mice were sacrificed for obtaining fresh lung tissue. And the right lower lobe of the lung was separated for observing the pathological changes of lung tissue while the left lung tissue was used to measure the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) of the lung. Some mice were sacrificed for observing pulmonary microvascular permeability at 2nd hours after injecting Evans blue (EB) through tail vein. The left mice were killed for alveolar lavage to measure the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) via enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:Comparing with the control group, ARDS model group showed typical ARDS pathological changes, which included the increased W/D ratio (4.951±0.161 vs. 3.449±0.299, P < 0.01) and the content of EB in the lung tissue (μg/g: 0.130±0.027 vs. 0.085±0.011, P < 0.01), the damaged alveolar wall structure, lung congestion and exudates in the alveoli, as well as amounts of inflammatory cells. The pathological score of lung injury (10.33±1.15 vs. 1.67±0.58) and the level of TNF-α in BALF (ng/L: 900.85±247.80 vs. 68.21±5.79) were significantly increased in the ARDS model group (both P < 0.01). Comparing with the ARDS model group, the lung W/D ratio (4.620±0.125 vs. 4.951±0.161) and the EB content in the lung tissue (μg/g: 0.108±0.011 vs. 0.130±0.027) of BaCl 2 pretreatment group were significantly reduced (both P < 0.01). And the damaged pulmonary structural BaCl 2 pretreatment group were significantly alleviated. In addition, the pulmonary pathological score (5.00±1.00 vs. 10.33±1.15) and the level of TNF-α in BALF (ng/L: 169.16±73.33 vs. 900.85±247.80) were significantly decreased (both P < 0.01). Conclusion:Barium chloride pretreatment can improve the lung histopathological changes of ARDS model mice induced by LPS by reducing the permeability of pulmonary capillaries and local inflammatory reaction.Barium chloride has the protective effect against LPS attack in mice model of ARDS.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2766-2769, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of tigecycline on coagulation function in patients with severe renal insufficiency, and to provide a reference for safe clinical drug use. METHODS Retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of patients with severe renal dysfunction complicated with infection receiving tigecycline admitted to nephrology department of our hospital from January 2021 to October 2022. The levels of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), platelet (PLT) and fibrinogen (FIB) were compared 3 days before medication, with 1-5, 6-10, 11-15 and 16-20 days after medication, 5 days after withdrawal and/or after symptomatic treatment. RESULTS Finally, 14 patients were included, and 9 patients developed coagulopathy, with an incidence of 64.29%. Compared with 3 days after medication, the levels of FIB at 6-10 and 11-15 days after medication, and PLT at 1-5 , 6-10 and 11- 15 days after medication were decreased significantly, while the levels of PT at 1-5 and 6-10 days after medication, APTT at 1-5, 6-10 and 11-15 days after medication were significantly prolonged, and INR increased significantly at 1-5 and 6-10 days after medication (P<0.05). Compared with 3 days before medication, there were no statistically significant changes in FIB, PT, INR, APTT and PLT at 16-20 days after medication and 5 days after withdrawal and/or symptomatic treatment(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Patients with severe renal insufficiency should be cautious with tigecycline, which can lead to prolonged PT and APTT, increased INR, and decreased PLT and FIB. If medication time is over 14 days, dynamic monitoring of coagulation function indicators is recommended to reduce the risk of adverse reactions.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2031-2034, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998485

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the relationship between rs128912 single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)in the promoter region of Toll-like receptor 3(TLR3)gene and cataract in Chinese Han population.METHODS: A total of 263 patients with cataract admitted to our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as study group, and 150 patients with lens dislocation were included in control group. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues of lens in the two groups, and direct sequencing method was applied to analyze the polymorphism of rs128912 locus in the promoter region of TLR3 gene. The expression of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA of patients with different genotypes was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR).RESULTS: The expression level of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues in the study group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region in the study group and the control group were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg genetic equilibrium, and there were differences in the frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)and frequencies of alleles(A, T)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region between both groups(P&#x003C;0.05). The relative expression level of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA in patients with TT genotype in the study group was higher than that in patients with AA or AT genotypes(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of TLR3 protein in anterior capsular tissues of lens of patients with cataract is significantly up-regulated, and rs128912 locus polymorphism in the TLR3 gene promoter region is related to the susceptibility of cataract in Chinese Han population, and people with TT genotype are more prone to cataract.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 42-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994950

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal ultrafiltration failure is a common reason for peritoneal dialysis (PD) withdrawal as well as mortality in PD patients. Based on the three-pore system, inter-cellular small pores and trans-cellular ultra-small pores (aquaporin-1) are mainly responsible for water transfer across the peritoneum. Both small and ultra-small pores-dependent water (free water) transport decline accompanied with time on PD, with more significant decrease in free water, resulting in peritoneal ultrafiltration failure. The reduction of free water transport is associated with fast peritoneal solute transfer, reduced crystalloid osmotic gradient due to increased interstitial glucose absorption, and declined osmotic conductance to glucose resulted from impaired aquaporin-1 function and peritoneal interstitial fibrosis. The decline of small pore-based water is mainly because of fast loss of crystalloid osmotic gradient, decrease of hydrostatic pressure mediated by peritoneal vasculopathy, as well as reduced absolute number of small pores. The current review discusses the advance on pathogenesis of acquired peritoneal ultrafiltration failure in long-term PD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 412-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of right ventricular myocardial perfusion in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) pig models with a quantitative analysis technique based on dynamic SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging, and analyze the relationship between myocardial blood flow, hemodynamics and right ventricular function.Methods:Eleven Chinese miniature pigs (all males, 6-8 months old) weighing 25-30 kg were selected. The PAH models were established by ligating the main pulmonary artery and embolizing the right lower pulmonary artery. After the models were established, dynamic myocardial perfusion imaging with one-day resting/adenosine stress 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) SPECT was performed, and the quantitative parameters of left and right ventricles were obtained, including stress myocardial blood flow (SMBF), rest myocardial blood flow (RMBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR: the ratio of stress to rest myocardial blood flow). Right heart catheterization was performed to evaluate the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), and the right heart function index tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) was measured by transthoracic echocardiography. According to TAPSE, animals were divided into right heart function preserved group ( n=5, TAPSE≥17 mm) and right heart dysfunction group ( n=4, TAPSE<17 mm). Pearson correlation analysis and the independent-sample t test were used for data analysis. Results:Nine experimental pig models were established with increased mPAP of (38.1 ± 11.6 ) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Myocardial perfusion imaging showed clear radiotracer uptake in the right heart and myocardial hypertrophy. There was a significant positive correlation between right ventricular myocardial RMBF ((0.71±0.13) ml·min -1·g -1) and mPAP ( r=0.94, P< 0.001). The SMBF in the decreased right ventricular function group was significantly lower than that in the preserved right ventricular function group ((1.66±0.35) vs (2.24±0.30) ml·min -1·g -1;t=2.68, P=0.032). Conclusion:SPECT myocardial blood flow quantification can be used to evaluate the right ventricular myocardial blood flow in pig models of PAH.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 308-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993596

ABSTRACT

Myocardial fibrosis is one of the important pathological mechanisms in cardiac diseases. Non-invasive evaluation of fibrosis is of great clinical significance. Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is selectively expressed in the membrane of activated fibroblasts. Radionuclide labeled FAP inhibitors (FAPI) serve as novel imaging agents, which specifically target to the process of fibrotic remodeling. This article reviews the research progress of radionuclide labeled FAPI PET imaging in cardiac diseases.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 70-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the diagnostic value of ATP stress myocardial perfusion imaging(MPI) in detecting coronary heart disease (CAD) with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) as the gold standard.Methods:A total of 95 consecutive patients (65 males, 30 females, age (56.2±8.5) years) who underwent ATP stress/rest MPI and coronary angiography (CAG) within one month in Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2018 to December 2018 were enrolled prospectively. The adverse reactions of ATP stress test were observed. Semi-quantitative analysis was performed on MPI results, and the summed stress score (SSS), summed rest score (SRS) and summed difference score (SDS) were obtained. Quantitative analysis was performed on CAG images, and the degree of QCA coronary artery stenosis was analyzed. Using QCA as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficiency of ATP stress MPI was calculated. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to analyzed the relationship between SSS and the degree of QCA coronary artery stenosis.Results:In 95 cases, the incidence of adverse reactions in ATP stress test was 73.7%(70/95), which could be relieved automatically after drug withdrawal. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of ATP stress MPI in diagnosing coronary artery stenosis ≥50% were 45.3%(24/53), 81.0%(34/42), 75.0%(24/32), 54.0%(34/63) and 61.1%(58/95) respectively, which were 15/16, 78.5%(62/79), 46.9%(15/32), 98.4%(62/63), and 81.1%(77/95) respectively in diagnosing coronary artery stenosis ≥70%. There was moderate correlation between SSS and the degree of QCA coronary artery stenosis ( r=0.418, P=0.017). Conclusion:ATP stress MPI has a clinical value in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in CAD.

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 620-624, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980041

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis from 2009 to 2021 in Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide insights into formulating occupational pneumoconiosis prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#Data on occupational pneumoconiosis in Jinhua City from 2009 to 2021 were collected through Occupational Disease and Health Hazard Monitoring Information System including demographic characteristics, disability level, age, pneumoconiosis type and stage, and analyzed years live dwith disability (YLD), years of life lost (YLL) and disability adjusted life years (DALY) by different genders, pneumoconiosis stages, pneumoconiosis types, ages and disability levels. @*Results@#A total of 244 occupational pneumoconiosis cases were diagnosed in Jinhua City from 2009 to 2021, of which 225 cases were male, accounting for 92.21%. The median age of onset was 44.50 (interquartile range, 23.00) years. There were 229 deaths, with a median age of 78.00 (interquartile range, 13.00) years. The DALY was 3 791.88 person-years, YLD was 2 428.21 person-years (64.04%) and YLL was 1 363.67 person-years (35.96%). The YLD was 3 647.8 person-years in men, which was higher than 144.08 person-years in women (P<0.05). The YLD of asbestosis cases was lower than that of silicosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis and other pneumoconiosis (P<0.05). The YLL was not statistically significant in the stage and type of occupational pneumoconiosis (P>0.05). The YLD was higher among cases at ages of less than 40 years, and lower among cases at ages of 60 to 69 years and 70 years and over (P<0.05); the YLL was lower among cases at ages of 70 years and over (P<0.05). The cases with second/third level of disability had the highest YLD, followed by the cases with fourth/fifth level of disability, and the cases with sixth/seventh level of disability had the lowest YLD (P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#The disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis in Jinhua City from 2009 to 2021 is mainly induced by disability, and the disease burden caused by silicosis is the highest. With the progress of pneumoconiosis stages and disability levels, the life loss continues to increase.

17.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 403-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978477

ABSTRACT

Functional peptides refer to peptides that are beneficial to life activities or have special physiological activities, also known as bioactive peptides. Oyster is rich in protein and is a good material for developing bioactive peptides, which has great potential as a functional food and great application value in pharmaceutical and medical industry. With the development of modern biotechnology and medical technology, the method innovation of oyster peptide preparation,the absorptivity and biological activity of oyster peptide have been enhanced significantly, which lead to deep recognition of the biological function of oyster peptide and offer the boarder application prospect. The researches on the diversification activities of oyster peptides were summarized in this review, which provided clues and ideas for the development of the oyster peptide applications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 163-171, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923778

ABSTRACT

Objective To create a risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria. Methods The risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria was preliminarily constructed through literature review and thematic discussions. A total of 26 malaria control experts were selected to carry out a two-round Delphi consultation of the indicator system. The active coefficient, authority coefficient and coordination coefficient of the experts and the coefficient of variation on each indicator were calculated for indicator screening and the weight of each indicator was calculated. The reliability of the indicator system was evaluated using Cronbach’s coefficient α, and the content validity of the indicator system was evaluated using the authority coefficient of the expert, while the structural validity of the indicator system was evaluated using Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test and factor analysis. Results Two rounds of Delphi expert consultations were completed by 23 malaria control experts, and a risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria was constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 7 secondary indicators, and 21 tertiary indicators. The active coefficient (100.00% vs. 88.46%; P < 0.01) and coordination coefficient of the expert (0.372 vs. 0.286; P < 0.01) were significantly greater in the second round of the Delphi expert consultation than in the first round. After the second round of the Delphi expert consultation, the authority coefficient of the experts ranged from 0.757 to 0.930 on each indicator, and the coefficients of variation were 0.098 to 0.136, 0.112 to 0.276 and 0.139 to 0.335 for the primary, secondary and tertiary indicators, respectively. The overall Cronbach’s coefficient α of the indicator system was 0.941, and there were significant differences in the KMO values for primary (KMO value = 0.523; χ2 = 18.192, P < 0.05), secondary (KMO value = 0.694, χ2 = 51.499, P < 0.01) and tertiary indicators (KMO value = 0.519; χ2 = 477.638, P < 0.01), while the cumulative contribution rate of six principal components in the tertiary indicators was 84.23%. The normalized weights of three primary indicators of the source of infection, transmission condition and control capability were 0.337, 0.333 and 0.329, and the three secondary indicators with the greatest normalized weights included the number of imported cases and malaria parasite species (0.160), introduction of imported cases in China and medical care seeking (0.152), vector species and density (0.152), while the five tertiary indicators with the greatest normalized weights included the malaria parasite species of imported cases (0.065), vector populations (0.064), and the time interval from onset to medical care seeking (0.059), number of imported cases (0.056), and the time interval from medical care seeking to definitive diagnosis (0.055). Conclusions A risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria is successfully created, which provides insights into the assessment of the risk of re-establishment of imported malaria and management of key high-risk factors in malaria-eliminated areas.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 175-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923453

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探讨靶向融合肽IL-4Rα-lytic对卡波西肉瘤相关疱疹病毒(KSHV)阳性原发性渗出性淋巴瘤(PEL)细胞的体内外杀伤作用及其安全性。方法:应用MTT法检测IL-4Rα-lytic对KSHV阳性PEL细胞BCBL-1和BCP-1的杀伤能力。通过FCM检测IL-4Rα-lytic诱导KSHV阳性PEL细胞凋亡的情况。建立BCBL-1细胞小鼠移植瘤模型,连续3周(3次/周)腹腔注射IL-4Rα-lytic后,通过活体生物发光成像技术评估IL-4Rα-lytic对小鼠体内BCBL-1细胞移植瘤的抑制效果,并通过H-E染色和全血分析法检测其毒副作用。结果:靶向融合肽IL-4Rα-lytic在体外对两种KSHV阳性PEL细胞BCBL-1和BCP-1均有选择性杀伤作用(均P<0.01),并且可以在短时间内发挥杀伤作用(均P<0.01)。靶向融合肽IL-4Rα-lytic可诱导KSHV阳性PEL细胞BCBL-1和BCP-1凋亡(均P<0.05)。靶向融合肽IL-4Rα-lytic显著抑制BCBL-1细胞小鼠移植瘤的生长,与对照组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),并且无明显的器官毒性(均P>0.05),同时不会造成体质量异常(P>0.05)。结论:靶向融合肽IL-4Rα-lytic在体内外均显著抑制KSHV阳性PEL细胞的生长,且无明显毒副作用,有望为PEL的治疗提供一种新的治疗方案。

20.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 357-362, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate differences in cardiac function and perfusion parameters measured by IQ-SPECT and low energy high-resolution (LEHR)-SPECT, as well as effects of scattering correction (SC) and CT attenuation correction (AC) on myocardial perfusion imaging.Methods:From May 2020 to September 2020, 80 patients (58 males, 22 females, age (57±10) years) who underwent SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging were retrospectively enrolled in Fuwai Hospital. According to the standardized left ventricular end-diastolic diameter of body surface measured by two-dimensional echocardiography, patients were divided into 2 groups: A group ( n=34) with significantly enlarged left ventricle and B group ( n=46) with no significant enlargement of left ventricle. LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT gated myocardial perfusion imaging were performed in all patients. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), ejection fraction (EF), summed rest score (SRS) and total perfusion defect (TPD) were measured. Parameters measured by two methods and differences before and after SC and AC were compared by using paired t test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. The correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation or Spearman rank correlation analyses, and the consistency was analyzed by Bland-Altman analysis. Results:In A group, EDV, EF and SRS measured by IQ-SPECT were significantly lower than those assessed by LEHR-SPECT after SC and AC (EDV: (257±137) vs (276±154) ml, EF: (21±11)% vs (26±13)%, SRS: 17(6, 25) vs 18(8, 28); t values: -2.63, -7.46, z=-2.14, all P<0.05); all parameters measured by LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT had well correlation ( r values: 0.965, 0.969, 0.967, rs values: 0.920, 0.960, all P<0.001) and consistency. In B group, EDV and EF measured by IQ-SPECT were significantly lower than those assessed by LEHR-SPECT after SC and AC (EDV: (96±40) vs (107±39) ml, EF: (46±15)% vs (54±16)%; t values: -6.23, -10.71, both P=0.001); SRS and TPD measured by IQ-SPECT after SC and AC were significantly lower than non-SC and non-AC (SRS: 2(1, 4) vs 5(3, 11), TPD: (3%(1%, 5%) vs 7%(3%, 12%); z values: -4.11, -4.16, both P<0.001); all parameters measured by LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT had well correlation ( r values: 0.956, 0.978, 0.958, rs values: 0.926, 0.944, all P<0.001) and consistency. Conclusions:There are good correlation and consistency of left ventricular function and myocardial perfusion parameters acquired by IQ-SPECT and LEHR-SPECT. Moreover, IQ-SPECT is able to shorten acquisition time, resulting in great potential in clinical application.

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