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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898728

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891024

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 829-833, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881266

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze changes of school canteen construction and canteen meal provision in surveilled schools after the initiation of the National Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Student (NNIPRCES), therefore to provide data basis for improving efficacy of school canteen meals.@*Methods@#From 2012 to 2017, among the 699 trial counties in 22 provinces under NNIPRCES, at least 10% of elementary schools and middle schools with each food supply model (canteen meals, enterprise meals, and family meals) were randomly selected in each county in each year. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect school canteen construction and meal provision information. The sample size were around 8 000 to 11 000 schools every year.@*Results@#From 2012 to 2017, the proportion of schools that have canteens only, have both canteen and dining room, as well as those have canteen and dining room with tables and chairs significantly increased with years(χ 2=3 043.95, 6 383.85, 6 731.17, P<0.01). The proportion of schools having canteen increased from 59.5% in 2012 to 87.0% in 2017. The proportion of schools with canteen providing breakfast, lunch or dinner varied across years(χ 2=51.85, 144.96, 189.19, P<0.01). The varieties of food groups of three meals all significantly increased during 2012, 2014 and 2017(χ 2=702.30, 892.38, 550.55, P<0.01). The canteen construction indicators, proportion of canteens providing three meals, and food groups included in three meals all significantly differed between elementary schools and middle schools, also between schools of central area and western area(P<0.05). The changing patterns with year were significantly different in elementary schools and middle schools, and in schools of central area and western area(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#After the implementation of NNIPRCES, canteen construction and food variety in canteen meals significantly improved during 2012 to 2017. However, there are still gaps between changes of canteen construction and canteen meal provision. It is necessary to overcome obstacles to further increase the proportion of schools with canteen offering meals and the variety of food of meals.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the status and association of health literacy and self-management ability of hypertensive patients in the community and to provide reference for further intervention research.Methods:From June 2019 to October 2019, a random number table method was used to randomly select multiple streets or towns/townships, and then 401 residents in the community or village aged above 18 years of age diagnosed as hypertension were selected as the subjects of this study. The general data questionnaire, high blood pressure-health literacy scale into Chinese(C-HBP-HLS) and hypertension patients self-management behavior rating scale(HPSMBRS)were used to conduct one-to-one field survey. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the scores of health literacy and self-management behavior of patients with hypertension. SAS 9.4 was used to analyze the canonical correlation between health literacy and self-management behavior of patients with hypertension.Results:The score of health literacy and self-management ability were (38.94±17.56) points and (129.45±16.53) points, respectively.The results of canonical correlation analysis showed that the canonical correlation coefficient between health literacy and self-management behavior reached 0.57, which was mainly reflected in the great correlation between " drug label" and " diet management" .Conclusion:Attention should be paid to the positive effect of health literacy on self-management ability, and further intervention research should take the " drug label" and " written health literacy" dimensions of health literacy as entry points to effectively improve the self-management ability of hypertension patients in the community.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of electroacupuncture at Baihui (DU20) and Shenshu (BL23) acupoints on learning-memory ability and expression of the relative protein of P35/P25-cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5)-Tau phosphorylation signaling pathway in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in rats with Alzheimer's disease (AD), so as to reveal its potential mechanisms in treating AD. Methods:Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group, sham group, model group and treatment group with six rats in each group. The AD model was constructed by bilateral hippocampal injection of Aβ25-35 in latter two groups. Equal amount of normal saline was injected into the sham group. The treatment group was acupunctured at Baihui and Shenshu once a day for ten days. All the rats were tested with Morris Water Maze. Immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting were used to detect the related protein of P35/P25-CDK5-Tau protein phosphorylation in the PFC. Results:Compared with the normal control group and the sham group, the escape latency and escape length increased (P < 0.05) and the times crossing the platform reduced (P < 0.05) in the model group; compared with the model group, the escape latency and escape length reduced (P < 0.05), and the times crossing the platform increased (P < 0.05) in the treatment group. The optical density of P35/P25 and CDK5 were significantly higher in the model group than in the normal control group and the sham group (P < 0.01), and they were lower in the treatment group than in the model group (P < 0.001). The relative expression of P35/P25, CDK5, Tau[pS199] and Tau[pS202] were higher in the model group than in the normal control group and the sham group (P < 0.05), and the expression of the above proteins was lower in the treatment group than in the model group (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Electroacupuncture could improve the learning-memory and spatial exploration ability, which associate with inhabiting the P35/P25-CDK5-Tau protein phosphorylation signaling pathway in the PFC to delay the development of AD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876186

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of parental support for the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) of their children and to promote physical activity for children and adolescents. Methods A total of 622 students were selected by stratified clustering sampling methods.Physical activity and parental support factors were assessed by self-report questionnaire survey.Logistic regression was used to analyze determinants of physical inactivity. Results Nearly 58.7% of the parents purchased sports equipment for their children and 57.6% of the parents accompanied their children to do exercise.The rate of parental explicit modeling was 22.8%.The students who received parental logistic support and explicit modeling did longer MVPA on weekends.The students with parental logistic support were prone to be in activity (OR=1.51, 95%CI:1.01-2.27). Conclusion Family-based interventions from parental logistic support and explicit modeling could promote middle-to-high-intensity activities for junior high school students.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 494-498, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756079

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence and risk factors of hypocalcemia after total parathyroidectomy without autotransplantation. Methods A total of 783 maintenance hemodialysis patients who underwent TPTX in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from September 2008 to September 2017 were included in the study. The preoperative blood biochemical examination, preoperative iPTH, total mass of parathyroid gland (M) and postoperative iPTH and electrolyte results were collected. The incidence of severe hypocalcemia after TPTX were analyzed retrospectively. Binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of severe hypocalcemia after TPTX. Results The age of 783 patients with TPTX was (46.90±10.78) years old, and the average dialysis age was (91.36±41.75) months. Postoperative severe hypocalcemia occurred in 235 cases (30.01%). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that higher preoperative blood iPTH (OR=7.56, 95%CI: 1.55-36.79, P=0.01), higher blood alkaline phosphatase (OR=36.71, 95%CI:14.75-91.36, P<0.01), blood phosphorus (OR=1.74, 95%CI: 1.11-2.71, P=0.02) and greater mass of resected glands (OR=1.18, 95% CI: 1.06-1.31, P<0.01) were the risk factors for post-hypocalcemia. The higher preoperative serum calcium can reduce the risk of postoperative hypocalcemia (OR=0.02,95%CI: 0.01-0.07, P<0.01). Conclusions The incidence of hypocalcemia after TPTX treatment for SHPT is very high. Blood iPTH, alkaline phosphatase, phosphorus, and total mass of intraoperative parathyroid gland excision are the independent risk factors for severe hypocalcemia after surgery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 934-938, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755447

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes in protein expression levels of 8 oxide of guanine in the temporal and frontal lobes in SAMP8 (senescence accelerated mice)mice versus SAMR1 (control mice).Methods In the study,we collected 12 SAMP8 mice and 12 SAMR1 mice at different month stage(1m,4m,8m,12m)(n=6,each group).After anesthesia,mice were sacrificed.The temporal and frontal lobe tissues of mice were labeled according to the stereotactic anatomical map of mouse brain and taken up for study.After paraffin sections were made,the expression level of 8 oxide of guanine in brain tissues was detected by immunohistochemical method.Results In the same age group at 1 month in the same temporal lobe,the average optical density of 8-oxodG was slightly higher in SAMP8 mice(0.086)than in SAMR1 mice(0.061,t =1.541,P>0.05).There were significant differences in the mean optical density of 8-oxodG in temporal lobe in 4,8 and 12 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 group(0.101 vs.0.081,0.147 vs.0.109 and 0.176 vs.0.120,t =2.405,2.612 and 5.019,respectively,P <0.05).There was no significant difference in the average optical density levels of 8-oxodG in frontal lobe in 1 and 4 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice (0.044 vs.0.030,0.062 vs.0.046,t =1.843 and 1.163,respectively,P > 0.05),while the average optical density levels of 8-oxodG in 8 and 12 months groups(0.090 and 0.138)were higher than those of SAMR1 mice in the same age group(0.049 and 0.063)(t =5.327 and 4.88,P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the average optical density of 8-oxoG in temporal lobe in 1 month group between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.099 vs.0.066,t =1.956,P >0.05).There were significant differences in the average optical density levels of 8-oxoG in temporal lobe in 4,8 and 12 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.119 vs.0.076,0.148 vs.0.094 and 0.173 vs.0.101,t =4.033,3.042 and 5.328,respectively,P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the average optical density levels of 8-oxoG in frontal lobe in 1 month and 4 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.049 vs.0.039,0.058 vs.0.056,t =0.713 and 0.172,respectively,P >0.05).The average optical density of 8-oxoG in frontal lobe in 8 months and 12 months groups had significant differences between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.087 vs.0.058,0.12 vs.0.063,t =2.261 and 4.185,P <0.05).In addition,we also found that the average optical density of 8 oxide of guanine in same SAMP8 mice at the same age was higher in temporal lobe than in frontal lobe.Conclusions The protein levels of 8-oxodG and 8-oxoG are increased with age,and the damage caused by nucleic acid oxidation is more severe in temporal lobe than in frontal lobe in SAMP8 mice.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1016-1018, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of emergency observation time of chest pain patients for ruling-out myocardial infarction by using high-sensitive troponin T. Method Total 1 687 patients with chest pain from December 2015 to August 2016 visiting Sichuan University Huaxi Hospital emergency department were en-rolled.We included 1082 patients who diagnose with AMI finally.We define the time from the start of the chest pain to visiting the emergency as the onset time.We analyzed the level of high-sensitive troponin T of AMI patients at dif-ferent onset time and calculated the rate of patients with hs-cTnT level lower than the conventional hs-cTnT thresh-old of 14 ng/L. Result Among 1082 cases of AMI patients,32 patients with hs-cTnT level below threshold(14 ng/L).The for whose The onset time over 5h was observed in AMI patients with hs-cTnT level over 14 ng/L.Con-clusion AMI can not be excluded in chest pain patients whose hs-cTnT levels below the conventional threshold value of 14 ng/L,and these people should be dynamically monitored for 5h in emergency department.The patients can exclude AMI if the hs-cTnT levels are below 14 ng/L after 5 hours.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660953

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of miR-106b on the apoptosis and proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC ) cells. Methods We analyzed differences in miRNA expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and adjacent normal tissues with miRNA microarray.Taq Man miRNA detection kit and Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR were used to detect the expressions of miR-106 and RhoC mRNA in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and adjacent tissues.The miR-106b and target gene binding sites were predicted with miRnada.The target gene was verified by double luciferase.Western blot was used to detect the expression of RhoC regulated by miR-106b.Annexin and TUNEL were used to detect the effect of miR-106b on the apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells;the effect of miR-106b on the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells was detected by MTT assay.Results miRNA microarray analysis showed that the expression of miR-106b was lower in NPC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues.The results of RT-PCR showed that the expression of miR-106b in nasopharyngeal carcinoma was decreased (P <0.05)while the expression of RhoC was increased in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (P <0.05).The expressions of miR-106b and RhoC in NPC were negatively correlated (r =-0.5866, P <0.001).The results of luciferase reporter assay showed that the activity of luciferase in miR-106b group was lower than that in empty plasmid group (P < 0.05 ).The results of Western blot showed that miR-106b could decrease the expression of RhoC in NPC tissues (P <0.05).Annexin V-PI and TUNEL showed that the apoptosis ofnasopharyngeal carcinoma cells was significantly higher in miR-106 group than in empty plasmid group (P <0.05). MTT results showed that the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in miR-106b group was lower than that in empty plasmid group (P <0.05).Conclusion miR-106b may induce the apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and inhibit the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells by down-regulating the expression of RhoC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658160

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of miR-106b on the apoptosis and proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC ) cells. Methods We analyzed differences in miRNA expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and adjacent normal tissues with miRNA microarray.Taq Man miRNA detection kit and Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR were used to detect the expressions of miR-106 and RhoC mRNA in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and adjacent tissues.The miR-106b and target gene binding sites were predicted with miRnada.The target gene was verified by double luciferase.Western blot was used to detect the expression of RhoC regulated by miR-106b.Annexin and TUNEL were used to detect the effect of miR-106b on the apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells;the effect of miR-106b on the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells was detected by MTT assay.Results miRNA microarray analysis showed that the expression of miR-106b was lower in NPC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues.The results of RT-PCR showed that the expression of miR-106b in nasopharyngeal carcinoma was decreased (P <0.05)while the expression of RhoC was increased in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (P <0.05).The expressions of miR-106b and RhoC in NPC were negatively correlated (r =-0.5866, P <0.001).The results of luciferase reporter assay showed that the activity of luciferase in miR-106b group was lower than that in empty plasmid group (P < 0.05 ).The results of Western blot showed that miR-106b could decrease the expression of RhoC in NPC tissues (P <0.05).Annexin V-PI and TUNEL showed that the apoptosis ofnasopharyngeal carcinoma cells was significantly higher in miR-106 group than in empty plasmid group (P <0.05). MTT results showed that the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in miR-106b group was lower than that in empty plasmid group (P <0.05).Conclusion miR-106b may induce the apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and inhibit the proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells by down-regulating the expression of RhoC.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 84-87, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505482

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the expression of 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanine(8-oxodG)in white blood cell,plasma and urine of rhesus monkey of different age group.Methods 30 female rhesus macaques at different age(1y,5y,10y,15y,20y,25y)were selected and grouped(n=5,each).10 mL of morning urine and 5 mL of fasting venous blood were collected.The level of 8-oxodG expression in plasma,leukocyte and urine was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS) method.Results The level of 8-oxodG in leukocytes,plasma and urine was increased along with aging.The level of 8-oxodG was 1.8,1.6 and 1.4 times higher in 25 year group than in 1 year group in plasma,white blood cell and urine,respectively(P<0.05).The 8-oxodG level was more than 40 times higher in urine than in plasma.Conclusions The expression level of 8-oxodG is increased along with aging.It may be one of the experimental evidence of the aging markers.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296515

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to examine the contributions of the fatty acid elongase (ELOVL) gene polymorphisms to the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in breast milk. Two hundred and nine healthy Han Chinese mothers were included in the study. Carriers of minor alleles of SNPs (rs2397142 and rs9357760) in ELOVL5 were associated with higher levels of linoleic acid (LA), dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA), arachidonic acid (AA), docosatetraenoic acid (DTA), docosahexenoic acid (DHA), while in rs209512 of ELOVL5 the carriers of minor alleles had lower levels of DTA compared to major homozygote alleles (P ranged from 0.004-0.046), and genetically explained variability ranged from 3.2% for eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to 6.0% for LA. Our findings demonstrated that common variation in ELOVL5 gene encoding rate-limiting enzymes in the metabolism of PUFAs contribute to the PUFAs in breast milk.


Subject(s)
Acetyltransferases , Genetics , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , China , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated , Genetics , Female , Humans , Milk, Human , Chemistry , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620986

ABSTRACT

Smad3 is a major transporter in the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathway.It is in charge of the transfer of TGF-β signal from the surface of the cell membrane into the nucleus.The TGF-β signal can be bound to the target gene in the nucleus and regulate its expression.Abnormalities in Smad3 expression level and functional status will lead to abnormal signal transduction,involving cell growth,proliferation,development,differentiation,migration,apoptosis and other basic life activities.This review focused on the differential expression of Smad3 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)and the adjacent tissue.The character of Smad3 in HCC is outlined in three parts:Smad3 upstream signaling source,Smad3 self-assembly maturation and Smad3 downstream effects,which may provide a summary and reference for the follow-up study on Smad3.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3151-3154, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503258

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the density of bladder pacemaker cells (ICC) in prostatic hyperplasia with detrusor underactivity (PDU) and the impact of stress environment on its growth. Methods 23 PDU guinea pig models and 26 pigs for control (BPH, n = 6; normal group, n = 20) were developed. After water-filled urodynamic pressure measurement of bladder for three groups , detrusor tissue was made into frozen sections. TheICC numberwere measured with immunofluorescence stainingand observed by confocal microscopy. Further ICC cells in vitro were cultured under stress environment and its counts were analyzed by colony formation assay. Results Decreased density of ICC was observed in PDU group (0.28 ± 0.52)% compared to control [(5 ± 0.36)%,P < 0.05] and the BPH group (5.4% ± 0.42)%, P < 0.05). The ratio of dimer and monomer [(6.13 ± 1.45)%] in PDU group was significantly lower than those of the control [31.55 ± 9.67)%, P < 0.05] and the BPH group [(71.52 ± 8.95)%, P < 0.05]. There is a negative correlation between the density of ICC in vitro and duration of stress. By contrast , there is a positive correlation between the density of ICC and incubation time after the stress is removed. Conclusion Distribution of decreased density of ICC is involved in the pathogenesis of PDU , which may be due to long-term stress environment. Thus eliminating stress environment may help restore ICC density in PDU.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy of the lymph node dissection patterns of the reverse and the traditional cabbage in hand-assisted laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy (HALG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2010 to October 2013, 194 patients with HALG in Chengdu Military General Hospital were enrolled in this study. According to the pattern of lymph node dissection, 108 patients were performed with the reverse procedure which took spleen as starting point, from left to right, and 86 patients were performed with the traditional cabbage procedure which took the abdominal cavity as the center, from both sides to middle. A retrospective comparative analysis was made on the intra- and post-operative data between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were successfully performed with HALG, and no peri-operative death occurred. There were no significant differences in the incision length [(7.0 ± 0.2) cm vs. (6.9 ± 0.3) cm], the operative time [(170.9 ± 33.8) minute vs. (174.6 ± 22.4) minute], dissected lymph node number (17.6 ± 7.5 vs. 17.1 ± 5.8) and post-operative complications [(6.5%(7/108) vs. 8.1%(7/86)] between the reverse group and cabbage group (all P>0.05). However, less blood loss [(204.6 ± 98.2) ml vs. (259.1 ± 122.6) ml, P<0.01] and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(9.0 ± 1.7) day vs. (10.5 ± 4.0) day, P<0.01] were observed in reverse group as compared to cabbage group. During 1 to 6 months follow-up, no death case was found in reverse group, while 1 case died due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding 48 days after operation in cabbage group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Efficacy is similar between the two HALG procedures in lymph node dissection, while reverse procedure has certain advantages, such as less blood loss and faster recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Methods , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1716-1720, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340430

ABSTRACT

In order to screen the compatible red cells by using extracorporal hemolysis test for acute autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) patients who were difficult to be matched by automatic microcolumn gel indirect antiglobulin test. Twenty-six cases of AIHA were chosen as control group, to whom the same type of donor red blood cells were infused with the weakest blood agglutination; 12 cases of acute AIHA patients were chosen as test group, these patients were difficult to be matched by automatic microcolumn gel indirect antiglobulin test, and the donor red cells without hemolysis by extracoral hemolysis test were transfused for them. The results showed that compared with the control group,the effect of transfusion was better in test group (P < 0.01), with 2.26 U leukocyte-depleted erythrocyte suspension in average, whose hemoglobin, reticulocyte and total bilirubin levels were changed significantly compared with those before blood transfusion (P < 0.01) . It is concluded that the compatible red blood cells for the acute AIHA patients can be screened by the extracorporal hemolysis test, when it is difficult to screen by the automatic microcolumn gel indirect antiglobulin test.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Therapeutics , Blood Transfusion , Coombs Test , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocytes , Hemolysis , Humans , Platelet Transfusion
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1094-1098, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302341

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish the matching method of hemolytic test in vitro, and to guide the transfusion treatment for puerpera with acute hemolytic disease. The donor's erythrocytes were sensibilized by all the antibodies in plasma of patient in vitro and were added with complement, after incubation for 6.5 hours at 38 °C, the hemolysis or no hemolysis were observed. It is safe to transfuse if the hemolysis did not occur. The results showed that when the matching difficulty happened to puerpera with acute hemolytic disease, the compatible donor could be screened by hemolytic test in vitro. There were no untoward effects after transfusion of 6 U leukocyte-depleted erythrocyte suspension. The all hemoglobin, total bilirubins, indirect bilirubin, reticulocyte, D-dimex and so on were rapidly improved in patient after transfusion , showing obvious clinical efficacy of treatment. It is concluded that when the matching results can not judge accurately compatible or incompatible through the routine method of cross matching, the agglutinated and no-hemolytic erythrocytes can be screened by hemolytic test in vitro and can be transfused with good efficacy; the hemoglobin level can be promoted rapidly, and no untoward effects occur.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Therapeutics , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Methods , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Methods , Female , Humans , Puerperal Disorders , Therapeutics , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the experience of lymph node dissection patterns in hand-assisted laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eleven patients with gastric carcinoma between December 2010 and September 2012 were operated by hand-assisted laparoscopic system designed by us. Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. The lymph nodes were dissected from left to right together with total tumor resection(reverse lymph nodes scavenge pattern), then digestive tract was reconstructed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total gastrectomy, distal gastrectomy and proximal gastrectomy were performed in 57, 46 and 8 cases respectively. Combined cholecystectomy and lateral segment of left liver lobe were needed in 4 and 2 patients respectively, and 1 case underwent combined splenectomy and pancreatic body and tail resection. TNM staging of patients in I(, II(, III(A, III(B, and IIII( were 16, 8, 35, 14, and 38, respectively. Histological type was poorly differentiated in 78 cases, moderate differentiation in 26 cases and good differentiation in 7 cases. The incision length was(6.8±0.3) cm, blood loss was(238.4±113.6) ml, operative time was (171.9±23.3) min, number of removed lymph node was 17.2±5.7, hospital stay was (10.1±3.7) d, postoperative complication rate was 9.0%. One case died during perioperative time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hand-assisted laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy(reverse lymph nodes scavenge pattern) can avoid the multiple conversion of open-laparoscopic operation model, and is beneficial to the standardization for surgical procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Staging , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472498

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of tuina treatment for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Methods: 150 cases with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation were treated with tuina, followed by a retrospective analysis and summarization on the clinical efficacy. Results: 43 cases obtained clinical recovery, 67 cases had a marked effect, 34 cases had improvement and 6 cases failed. The total effective rate was 96.0%. Conclusion: Tuina is effective for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation.

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