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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 303-309, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014542

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of 0.01% atropine eye drops on macular blood flow density and retinal thickness in children with different degrees of myopia. METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study. Sixty-four patients (112 eyes) diagnosed with myopia for the first time with 0.01% atropine eye drops before and 6 months after medication were investigated with the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCVA), axial length (AL), spherical equivalent (SE), macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thicknes (mGCIPL) using slit lamp examination and optical coherence tomography (OCT), vascular density in the macular area and the area of the avascular in the fovea using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) . Changes in various indicators before and after medication were compared. RESULTS: Compared with before medication, the AL of the three groups of myopia patients increased significantly (P0.05). The difference was statistically significant between the moderate myopia group and the high myopia group (P0.05). After 6 months of medication, the central circle macular vessel density (cCVD) increased in the low myopia group and moderate myopia group (P0.05). Before and after medication, there was no significant difference in outer circle macular vessel density (oCVD), inner circle macular vessel density (iCVD), and whole circle macular vessel density (wCVD) among the three myopia groups (P>0.05). The increase in mGCIPL was statistically significant in the low myopia group (P0.05). There was no significant difference in foveal avascular zone (FAZ) among the three myopia groups before and after medication (P>0.05). There was no correlation between CVD, AL, and SE in the three myopia groups (P>0.01). There was a low correlation between CVD and mGCIPL in the low myopia group (r=0.442, P0.01). CONCLUSION: 0.01% atropine can significantly reduce the rate of axial and refractive growth in children with low to moderate myopia, increase the density of central macular vessels, and increase the thickness of mGCIPL in children with low to moderate myopia.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 321-328, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970468

ABSTRACT

Trimethylamine N-oxide(TMAO), a metabolite of gut microbiota, is closely associated with chronic kidney disease(CKD). It can aggravate the kidney injury and promote the occurrence of complications of CKD mainly by inducing renal fibroblast activation, vascular endothelial inflammation, macrophage foaming, platelet hyperreactivity, and inhibition of reverse cholesterol transport. Thus it is of great significance for clinical treatment of CKD to regulate circulating TMAO and alleviate its induced body damage. Currently, therapeutic strategies for TMAO regulation include dietary structure adjustment, lifestyle intervention, intestinal microflora regulation, and inhibition of intestinal trimethylamine synthesis and liver trimethylamine oxidation. Chinese medicinal herbs have the clinical advantage of multi-component and multi-target effects, and application of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) to synergistically regulating TMAO and improving CKD via multiple pathways has broad prospects. This study systematically reviewed the clinical relevance and mechanism of TMAO in aggravating CKD renal function deterioration and complication progression. In addition, the effect and mechanism of TCM in improving TMAO-induced kidney injury, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, thrombosis and osteoporosis were summarized. The results provided a theoretical basis for TCM in attenuating gut microbiota-derived metabolite TMAO and improving CKD, as well as a basis and direction for in-depth clinical development and mechanism research in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4529-4535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008707

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Chaiyin Granules compared with Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules in the treatment of influenza(exogenous wind-heat syndrome). Based on a randomized, double-blind, positive drug parallel control clinical trial, this study evaluated the pharmacoeconomics of Chaiyin Granules with cost-effectiveness analysis method. A total of 116 patients with influenza from eight hospitals(grade Ⅱ level A above) in 6 cities were selected in this study, including 78 cases in the experimental group with Chaiyin Granules and Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules placebo, and 38 cases in the control group with Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules and Chaiyin Granules placebo. The total cost of this study included direct medical cost, direct non-medical cost, and indirect cost. The remission time of clinical symptoms, cure time/cure rate, antipyretic onset time/complete antipyretic time, viral nucleic acid negative rate, and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome curative effect were selected as the effect indicators for cost-effectiveness analysis. Four-quadrant diagram was used to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. The results showed that Chaiyin Granules were not inferior to Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules in the remission time of clinical symptoms of influenza(3.1 d vs 2.9 d, P=0.360, non-inferiority margin was 0.5 d). Compared with Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules, Chaiyin Granules would delay the remission time of clinic symptoms of influenza for 1 d, but could save 213.9 yuan. 1 d delay in cure time could save 149.3 yuan; 1% reduction in the cure rate could save 8.2 yuan; 1 d delay in antipyretic onset time could save 295.4 yuan; 1 d delay in complete antipyretic time could save 114.3 yuan; 1% reduction in the 5-day cure rate of TCM syndrome could save 19.2 yuan. Different from other indicators, there was no statistically significant difference between two groups in the effect of negative conversion rate of viral nucleic acid, but the cost was lower and the effect was superior, and the pharmacoeconomics was not different from that of Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules in the field of influenza treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Nucleic Acids/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Phosphates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Double-Blind Method
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 614-618, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935333

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among residents in Chongchuan district, Nantong city in 2012 and 2018, and evaluate the effectiveness of community comprehensive management of DM. Based on the data of 17 780 and 13 382 residents in the cross-sectional surveys of the " National Demonstration Area for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases " project in Chongchuan District of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018, 4 583 and 3 996 DM-related information were obtained. The population of Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018 was used as the reference for standardization. The rates of prevalence and management (including awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control and control of patients under treatment) of DM in the two surveys were compared using chi-square test. The results showed that in 2012 and 2018, the prevalence rates of DM were 12.0% and 15.7% (χ²=24.25, P<0.05), and the standardized rates were 10.1% and 10.8% (χ²=1.05, P=0.306). The incidence rates were 5.7% and 2.3%, respectively (χ²=55.60, P<0.05). The standardized prevalence rates in the two surveys were 9.7% and 11.6% for males (χ²=3.66, P=0.056) and 10.5% and 9.9% for females (χ²=0.50, P=0.481), 7.2% and 6.5% (χ²=0.85, P=0.357) for people aged 18-59 years old and 20.6% and 21.9% (χ²=0.91, P=0.339) for people aged 60 years and over, respectively. The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control, and control of patients under treatment in 2018 were 84.4%, 80.3%, 95.2%, 58.4%, and 70.2%, respectively, higher than 47.2%, 23.4%, 44.8%, 30.4% and 59.4% in 2012 (χ²=183.33, χ²=380.65, χ²=282.99, χ²=93.24, χ²=6.22, all P<0.05). Among men, the standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control in 2018 were 85.8%, 78.8%, 91.8% and 62.7%, higher than 50.5%, 37.5%, 72.3% and 32.6% in 2012 (χ²=78.40, χ²=96.17, χ²=27.55, χ²=48.96, all P<0.05). Similarly, the standardized management rates in 2018 were 83.0%, 81.7%, 98.5%, 54.1% and 65.1%, higher than 44.0%, 10.0%, 18.3%, 28.2% and 48.8% in 2012 among women (χ²=105.52, χ²=326.36, χ²=317.22, χ²=43.34, χ²=3.87, all P<0.05). The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control of people aged 18-59 and 60 years and over were 82.9%, 79.7%, 96.1%, 55.0% and 88.0%, 81.8%, 93.0% and 67.2%, higher than 42.6%, 19.8%, 42.2%, 27.5% and 63.9%, 36.8%, 53.9%, 40.8% in 2012 (χ²=44.51, χ²=102.17, χ²=57.78, χ²=21.65, all P<0.05; χ²=71.18, χ²=181.55, χ²=146.26, χ²=59.23, all P<0.05). The comprehensive prevention and control system of chronic diseases, which comprehensively covered the life of community residents, had good management effect on DM, and effectively promoted health education and health promotion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Incidence , Prevalence , Rural Population
5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1617-1623, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the mechanism of Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction on improving slow-transmission constipation(STC)in rats by regulating AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)signaling pathway. METHODS The rats were randomly divided into blank group ,model group ,Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose groups (6,12,18 mg/kg),with 10 rats in each group. Except for blank group ,other groups were given Compound diphenoxylate suspension to induce STC model. After modeling ,blank group and model group were given normal saline intragastrically ,and Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically , once a day ,for consecutive 2 weeks. The number of feces and water content of feces in each group were observed before and after treatment;the carbon powder propulsion rate of rats in each group was calculated ;the pathological structure of colon in each group was observed ;the levels of nitric oxide (NO)and nitric oxide synthase (NOS)in colon tissues of rats in each group were detected;the expressions of AMPK ,eNOS,mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR),tuberous sclerosis complex 1(Tsc-1), Tsc-2 and eukaryotic promoter 4E binding protein (4ebp)were also detected. The active ingredients of Cannabis sativa ,Citrus aurantium and Rehmannia glutinosa were screened from Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction. The active ingredients with high Degree value were docked with AMPK and eNOS ,to verify the interaction. RESULTS Compared with before treatment ,the number and water content of feces were increased significantly in Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction groups (P<0.05). Compared with blank group ,carbon powder propulsion rate of model group was decreased significantly (P<0.05); colonic structure was disordered ,and a large number of inflammatory cells were seen in submucosa ;the levels of NO and NOS in colon tissue as well as the protein expressions of AMPK ,eNOS,mTOR,Tsc-1,Tsc-2 and 4ebp were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with model group ,above indexes of Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction groups (except for NOS in low-dose group )were reserved significantly (P<0.05). In the molecular docking experiment ,the active components with the highest Degree values in C. sativa ,C. aurantium and R. glutinosa were(Z)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl] acrylamide,nobiletin and stigmasterol. The binding energies of AMPK with these three components were -5.15,-4.61 and -4.83 kJ/mol,the binding energies of eNOS with these three components were -6.11,-5.40 and -5.91 kJ/mol. The conformations of these three compounds with AMPK and eNOS were stable and their binding activities were high. CONCLUSIONS Mayuan tongbian zhitong decoction can improve the constipation symptoms and intestinal function in STC model rats ,and its specific mechanism may be related to the inhibition of AMPK/eNOS signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1109-1118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the clinical data of Chinese patients with colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R)-related leukoencephalopathy, and clarify the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of Chinese patients.Methods:Medical history of patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy diagnosed from April 1, 2018 to January 31, 2021 in the department of neurology of 22 hospitals in China was collected, and scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), magnetic resonance severity scale were evaluated. Group comparison was performed between male and female patients.Results:A total of 62 patients were included, and the male-female ratio was 1∶1.95. The age of onset was (40.35±8.42) years. Cognitive impairment (82.3%, 51/62) and motor symptoms (77.4%,48/62) were the most common symptoms. The MMSE and MoCA scores were 18.79±7.16 and 13.96±7.23, respectively, and the scores of two scales in male patients (22.06±5.31 and 18.08±5.60) were significantly higher than those in females (15.53±7.41 , t=2.954, P=0.006; 10.15±6.26, t=3.328 , P=0.003). The most common radiographic feature was bilateral asymmetric white matter changes (100.0%), and the magnetic resonance imaging severity scale score was 27.42±11.40, while the white matter lesion score of females (22.94±8.39) was significantly higher than that of males (17.62±8.74 , t=-2.221, P<0.05). A total of 36 CSF1R gene mutations were found in this study, among which c.2381T>C/p.I794T was the hotspot mutation that carried by 17.9% (10/56) of the probands. Conclusions:The core phenotypic characteristics of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy in China are progressive motor and cognitive impairment, with bilateral asymmetrical white matter changes. In addition, there exist gender differences clinically, with severer cognitive impairment and imaging changes in female patients. Thirty-six CSF1R gene mutations were found in this study, and c.2381T>C/p. I794T was the hotspot mutation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 297-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To further clarify the location of cricopharyngeus in human body. Methods:From September, 2018 to December, 2019, 19 inpatients with swallowing disorders received video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS).The videoes were used to measure the position of cricopharyngeus with Uniweb 4.0 software. Water model simulating the structure of an adult's neck was established to restore the real measurement scene, and obtain the scale ratio between the actual measurement and the computer measurement, then obtain the accurate actual position of the cricopharyngeus. Six adult specimens were dissected. The intersection point of the intended treatment plane and the long axis of cricopharyngeus was taken as the origin, the horizontal axis as X axis, and the sagittal axis as Y axis, to locate the position of cricopharyngeus precisely. Results:Cricopharyngeus was closest to the sixth cervical vertebra. The scaling ratio of the actual measurement obtained from the water model to the computer measurement was about 1∶1.340. The intended treatment plane was closest to the upper edge of the sixth cervical vertebra; on lateral edge of thyroid, cricopharyngeus was (33.47±2.21) mm deep to epidermis, with the angle of (43.37±1.34)° to sagittal axis; and it was (34.59±1.29) mm and (46.32±0.93)° on medial edge of internal jugular vein. Conclusion:The the accurate location of cricopharyngeus in human body has been measured, which can help for the rehabilitation for cricopharyngeal dysfunction.

8.
Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics ; (4): 437-451, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922088

ABSTRACT

Cashmere, also known as soft gold, is produced from the secondary hair follicles (SHFs) of cashmere goats. The number of SHFs determines the yield and quality of cashmere; therefore, it is of interest to investigate the transcriptional profiles present during cashmere goat hair follicle development. However, mechanisms underlying this development process remain largely unexplored, and studies regarding hair follicle development mostly use a murine research model. In this study, to provide a comprehensive understanding of cellular heterogeneity and cell fate decisions, single-cell RNA sequencing was performed on 19,705 single cells of the dorsal skin from cashmere goat fetuses at induction (embryonic day 60; E60), organogenesis (E90), and cytodifferentiation (E120) stages. For the first time, unsupervised clustering analysis identified 16 cell clusters, and their corresponding cell types were also characterized. Based on lineage inference, a detailed molecular landscape was revealed along the dermal and epidermal cell lineage developmental pathways. Notably, our current data also confirmed the heterogeneity of dermal papillae from different hair follicle types, which was further validated by immunofluorescence analysis. The current study identifies different biomarkers during cashmere goat hair follicle development and has implications for cashmere goat breeding in the future.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 939-943, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serum histone deacetylase 3(HDAC3) on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with stable coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:Eighty patients with stable coronary artery disease who underwent PCI in Jinshan Branch of Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital from October 2017 to October 2018 were selected as the research subjects, which were divided into the MACE group (26 cases) and non-MACE group (54 cases) according to the occurrence of MACE. The clinical data, blood lipid index, HDAC3, C-reactive protein(CRP) and other indicators of the patients between two groups were compared, independent risk factors for MACE after PCI were analyzed by Logistic regression analysis, and the predictive value of various indicators on MACE were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve.Results:There were no statistical differences between the two groups in general information such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, drinking history, history of heart failure, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes and vascular lesion count ( P>0.05). The Gensini scores in the MACE group was significantly higher than that in the non-MACE group [(18.47 ± 3.23) vs. (14.46 ± 3.62)]( P<0.05). There were no statistical differences in total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterin(LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterin (HDL-C) levels between the two groups ( P>0.05). The levels of HDAC3 and CRP in the MACE group were significantly higher than those in the non-MACE group [(3.93 ± 0.50) mg/L vs. (2.92 ± 0.56) mg/L, (22.06 ± 4.56) mg/L vs. (17.56 ± 3.28) mg/L] ( P<0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that HDAC3, CRP and Gensini scores were independent risk factors for MACE in patients with stable coronary artery disease after PCI ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of serum HDAC3,CRP and Gensini scores predicted MACE in patient with stable coronary artery disease after PCI were 0.924, 0.785, 0.803. The diagnostic efficacy of serum HDAC3 was significantly higher than that of CRP and Gensini scores ( Z=2.019, 2.147, P<0.05). Conclusions:The up-regulation of serum HDAC3 expression has correlation with MACE in patients with stable coronary artery disease after PCI, which can be used as a predictor of MACE.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 956-960, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827179

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To Establish the shielding threshold value of TP antibody ELISA for unpaid blood donors, so as to shield true positive blood donors from returning to team management.@*METHODS@#The real serological status of 517 samples with anti-TP ELISA reactivity was determined by confirmation test of Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA). The shielding threshold of TP antibody was preliminarily determined by using 99% specificity of ROC and 95% positive predictive value of percentile method, respectively. 283 TP antibody reactivity specimens routinely tested in our laboratory were selected to determine the applicability of the initial shielding values obtained by the two methods, and finally to determine the shielding threshold values of TP antibody donors.@*RESULTS@#The specific S/CO values of reagent A 99% were 13.33-16.18, that of reagent B 99% was 6.34, that of reagent B 99% was 13.17-19.85, and that of 95% was 6.62. Empirical evidence: 99% specific threshold shielding true positive rates of reagents A and B were 100%, 95% positive expected value shielding true positive rates were 98.4%, 99%. Final determination of 99% specific shielding threshold as a low value of blood donors shielding threshold. The shielding limits of reagent A and B were 13.33 and 13.17.@*CONCLUSION@#The shielding threshold of TP antibody ELISA for blood donors established in this study can help to reduce the number of blood donors returning to team management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Syphilis , Syphilis Serodiagnosis , Treponema pallidum
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 657-660, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with episodic ataxia and pyramidal tract signs.@*METHODS@#The patient was subjected to high-throughput sequencing, Sanger sequencing and analysis of dynamic variant site associated with spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA).@*RESULTS@#The patient was an adolescent male presenting with episodic ataxia, bilateral knee hyper-reflexia and ankle clonus. By genetic testing, he was found to harbor a c.1159-1162dupAAGT variant of PDHA1 gene. The same variant was not found in his parents and elder sister. No abnormalities were found by SCA dynamic variant screening. The patient was diagnosed as pyruvate dehydrogenase E1alpha deficiency due to variant of the PDHA1 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The de novo c.1159-1162dupAAGT variant of the PDHA1 gene probably underlies the disease in the proband. Patients with pyruvate dehydrogenase E1alpha deficiency have complex phenotypes and very few have pyramidal tract involvement, which may be attributed to abnormal early neuronal development.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3908-3914, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828368

ABSTRACT

G-quadruplex DNA has become an important target for tumor therapy and anti-tumor development. Modern pharmacology has proved that Macleaya cordata has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-tumor and other pharmacological effects. Affinity ultrafiltration method can screen active ingredients from compounds rapidly, but G-quadruplex DNA ligands are difficult to dissociate, which is a key step in conventional ultrafiltration method. In this paper, the filtrates after ultrafiltration were determined by HPLC-MS in substitution. The peaks with 20% reduction of MS response from the incubation vs control were considered to be ligand components to G-quadruplex. Two of the peaks with the relative abundance above 30% were identified as sanguinarine(SAN) and chelerine(CHE). Their circular dichroism conformations further proved that SAN and CHE are active ligands of HT4. In addition, another two gradients with high relative abundance were identified as protopine(PRO) and allpcryprotopine(ALL). The binding rate of SAN, CHE, PRO and ALL was calculated according to the HPLC-MS results, and the results showed a consistency with that of the molecular docking method. The proposed method can be used to screen active components from mixture.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , G-Quadruplexes , Ligands , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Ultrafiltration
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2792-2799, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828082

ABSTRACT

Cinnamomum cassis is one of the commonly used traditional Chinese medicines in China. Its genuine producing areas distribute in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. As an important edible herb and export variety of China, the quality control and internationalization of quality standards of C. cassis is extremely significant. In the recent years, with the development of the cinnamon industry, relevant academic research and the upgrade of the international standards, it is necessary to summarize the quality-related progress of C. cassis. In the present review, the germplasm resources, specific quality marker(Q-marker) and quality standards of C. cassis were summarized on the basis of published research during the last 10 years.


Subject(s)
China , Cinnamomum , Cinnamomum aromaticum , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 440-446, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855866

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of SSRI antidepressant sertraline on ocular surface function in patients with postpartum depression.METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study. Forty-three patients diagnosed as postpartum depression receiving sertraline for the first time were investigated with the HAMD, OSDI, TBUT, SIT, FL, tear osmolarity and IL-6, MMP-9 before medication and 2 months after medication. The changes of dry eye indexes before and after medication were compared.RESULTS:After 2 months of medication, HAMD score was significantly decreased, with statistically significant differences (P0.05). After 2 months of medication, OSDI score increased, TBUT time shortened significantly, tear secretion decreased, FL score increased, tear osmolarity increased. The differences were statistically significant (P0.05), which indicated that tear osmolarity, tear inflammatory factor and tear metalloproteinase expression level increased when dry eye occurred. CONCLUSION:Sertraline can effectively relieve and cure postpartum depression, but long-term administration can cause damage to ocular surface function, leading to an increase in the incidence of dry eye.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 113-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872799

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish HPLC fingerprints of Aurantii Fructus and its processed products, and to quantitatively analyze the contents of four flavonoids in these products. Method::HPLC was employed with Inertsil ODS-3 C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1%phosphoric acid aqueous solution for gradient elution, the detection wavelength of 283 nm, and the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. HPLC fingerprints of raw products, stir-fried bran products and processing products of Aurantii Fructus were established. Similarity evaluation and cluster analysis were used to analyze the chromatographic data. At the same time, the contents of narirutin, naringin, hesperidin and neohesperidin were determined. Result::HPLC fingerprints of Aurantii Fructus and its processed products were established, taking naringin as the reference peak, 8, 15, 11 common peaks were demarcated for raw products, stir-fried bran products, processing products, respectively, the similarities of fingerprints were >0.95.Contents of the above four flavonoids in raw products were 0.574 7%, 5.986 3%, 0.302 2%and 3.574 7%, respectively. After processing, the contents of these four components in stir-fried bran products turned into 0.948 4%, 5.103 4%, 0.549 3%and 3.533 7%, their contents in processing products turned into 0.605 3%, 4.762 3%, 0.404 7%and 3.264 9%, respectively. Conclusion::The HPLC fingerprint of Aurantii Fructus changes significantly before and after processing. The contents of four flavonoids change to a certain extent before and after processing. The order of contents of narirutin and hesperidin in samples was stir-fried bran products>processing products>raw products, while the order of contents of naringin and neohesperidin was raw products>stir-fried bran products>processing products.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4152-4157, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008273

ABSTRACT

Target discovery is the core of elucidating the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),and it is also the key to correlate the chemical composition and pharmacological action of TCM. The traditional target screening methods such as the activitybased probe profiling,affinity chromatography,and protein microarray are commonly used in the past,however,which are limited in TCM due to the complexity of small molecules existed in the herbal medicine. The label-free small molecule probe is a recently well-applied technology in the target discovery of natural products,which is characterized by discovering the small molecule-protein ligation without any structural modification at the ligands,and is therefore suitable to the complex chemical constituents in TCM. Furthermore,this method is conducted on the basis of proteome,which is advanced in the discovery of new or multiple target proteins of TCM. Owing to the potential of label-free probe in the target discovery of TCM,its analytical principle,application status,and general protocol were reviewed in this paper. The label-free probe technology is anticipated to accelerate the mechanism-uncovering of TCM.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ligands , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal
17.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 820-826, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801033

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the dosimetric differences among Target-Segmented Plan (TSP), Non-TSP, and conventional static 8-field intensity modulated radiation therapy (8F-IMRT) plan for post-mastectomy irradiation of left-sided breast cancer patients.@*Methods@#This study enrolled thirty consecutive breast cancer patients who underwent radical mastectomy and treated with post-op radiation in Department of Radiation Oncology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2017 to November 2018.The clinical target volume (CTV) included the ipsilateral chest wall, supra/infra-clavicular, high-risk partial axillary in high risk, and internal mammary nodes (IMN). The organs at risk (OARs) near the targets, including ipsilateral lung, heart, contralateral breast, ipsilateral humeral head and spinal cord, were contoured as well. The maximum distance of PTV′s tangent to the outermost side of the affected lung was more than 2 cm. Depending on the maximum distance, the patients were classified into three groups: A(<3 cm), B(3~4 cm) and C(>4 cm), respectively. Three types of treatment plans (TSP, Non-TSP and 8F-IMRT) were created for each patient using the Eclipse treatment planning system with the same dose optimization objective . The dose-volume histograms were compared for the PTVs and OARs.@*Results@#All plans achieved the intended dose criteria.The D98% of TSP was lower than that of Non-TSP and 8F-IMRT (Z=-3.294, -3.266, P<0.05). However, the homogeneity index (HI) and conformal index (CI) of the three plans had no statistically significant difference among the three plans (P>0.05). Non-TSP required more Monitor Units (MUs)than the other two plans (Z=-3.04, -2.669, P<0.05). The Dmean of TSP was higher than that of 8F-IMRT (Z=-3.181, P<0.05). Compared with Non-TSP and 8F-IMRT plans, TSP significantly reduced V5 Gy, V10 Gy, V20 Gy and Dmeanof ipsilateral lung and heart in all patients (lung: V5 Gy: Z=-3.408, -3.408; V10 Gy: Z=-3.408, -3.408; V20 Gy: Z=-3.408, -3.124; Dmean: Z=-3.408, -3.408, P<0.05; heart: V5 Gy: Z=-3.408, -3.408; V10 Gy: Z=-3.408, -3.408; V20 Gy: Z=-2.499, -3.067; Dmean: Z=-3.408, -3.408, P<0.05). The Dmean of contralateral breast in Non-TSP was higher than that in TSP and 8F-IMRT (Z=-2.954, -2.215, P<0.05), and the Dmaxhas no significant difference in (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in spinal cord Dmax among the three plans, but the Dmean of humeral head in 8F-IMRT was higher than that in TSP and Non-TSP (Z=-3.01, -2.442, P<0.05). In the three groups, the mean amplitude of difference comparing Non-TSP and 8F-IMRT with TSP in ipsilateral lung(V5 Gy, V10 Gy, V20 Gy) and heart(V5 Gy, V10 Gy, Dmean) satisfied the relation: D(N-T, A)<D(N-T, B) <D(N-T, C)和D(8F-T, A)<D(8F-T, B) <D(8F-T, C).@*Conclusions@#For post-mastectomy left-sided breast cancer patients, TSP is not only dosimetrically feasible as Non-TSP and 8F-IMRT treatment techniques, but also could effectively reduce the irradiation volume of the ipsilateral lung and heart in the low dose area with minimum adverse dosimetric impact on the treatment targets and other OARs.The advantage of TSP is more prominent with increasing curvature of the clinic target volume.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2588-2593, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773222

ABSTRACT

The PK-PD correlation models by using pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics were applied to study the material basis of Naomaitong,a clinical empirical prescription for the treatment of cerebral apoplexy,in inhibiting the death of PC12 nerve cells induced by Na_2S_2O_4 and Glu. In this experiment,PC12 cell death models induced by Na_2S_2O_4 and Glu were established respectively.With LDH lateral leakage and NO content as pharmacodynamic indexes,PK-PD model was established by SVM algorithm to evaluate the effective components of Naomaitong in inhibiting neural cell death. The results showed that the positive correlation of emodin methyl ether-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside,aloe emodin,chrysophanol,rhein,emodin,ginsenoside Rg1,ginsenoside Rc,3'-methoxypuerarin and ligustilide was significant,obviously improving the LDH release and NO content. The results indicated that the contribution of Radix Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma in Naomaitong could protect the nerve cell death induced by Na_2S_2O_4 and Glu respectively. PK-PD model was used to screen the neuroprotective components in Naomaitong,revealing the possible pharmacodynamic material basis of Naomaitong in the treatment of cerebral ischemia injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Neurons , Cell Biology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 314-318, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774603

ABSTRACT

Nine compounds were isolated from chloroform fraction of Houttuynia cordata,and the isolates were identified as follows:( S)-5,6,6 a,7-tetrahydro-2,10-dimethoxy-4 H-dibenzo [DE,G] quinoline-1,9-diol( 1),( +)-isoboldine β-N-oxide( 2),liriotulipiferine( 3),telitoxinone( 4),isoboldine( 5),(-)-clovane-2β,9α-diol( 6),benzoic acid( 7),acantrifoside E( 8),and dibutyl phthalate( 9). Among them,compound 1 was new,and compounds 2-9 were reported from this species for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chloroform , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Chemistry
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 253-259, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the necessity and suitability of the anti-HCV ELISA teot gray zone setted up by 7 blood station laboratories.@*METHODS@#7 blood station laboratories were coded as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 respectively; 8 kinds of ELISA reagents were coded as A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H respectively. 1 or 2 of 8 ELISA reagents produced by different manufactories were used to detect the anti-HCV in specimens of same group by 7 blood station laboratories; the Westen blot was used to detect the specimens with difference of detected results so as to difine the serological status of specimens. The true positive rate of specimens detected by laboratories and gray zone-comfirined positive rate of specimens were accounted so as to analyze the necessity of setting up the gray zone for anti-HCV ELISA test of 7 blood station laboratories; the optimal cut-off value for anti-HCV ELISA test was determined in 7 blood station laborafories by ROC curve and the changes of sensitivity and specificity of 3 different cut-off value(laboratory work cut-off value, manifactory-recommended cun-off value and optimal cut-off value) were compared so as to analyze the suitability of gray zone for anti-HCV ELISA test in 7 blood station laboratories.@*RESULTS@#The true positive rate detected by 7 blood station laboratories, out of which coded 1 laboratory used 2 kinds of coded A, B reagents was 95.40%(1A), 99.23% (1B), 94.25% (2C), 96.17% (3D), 98.08% (4E), 96.93% (5F), 97.32%(6G) and 93.10%(7H). Except for 2C(94.25%) and 7H(93.10%), the true positive rate detected by laboratoies which not sutted up gray zone, the gray zone-con-firmed positive rate in 6 blood station laboratories setted up gray zone: was 0.00%, 0.00%, 21.43%, 0.00%, 0.00%, 0.00% and 38.89%. The comparison of 3 different cut-off valuces by ROC curve showed that the anti-HCV cut-off values in 5 laboratories(1B, 2C, 4E, 5F and 6G) were as follows: optimal cut-off value>manufactory recommeded cut-off value>laboratory work cut-off value, thus use of manufactory-recommeded cut-off value abreadly has reached the high sensitivity requinements for laboratory screening; however, the optimal cut-off value in laboratories 1A, 3B and 7H, thas the appropriate gray zone should be used. In 6 laboratories setting up gray zone, the gensitivity in 3D, 7H laboratories only a little improved (1.60% and 2.70% raspectively) in Eamparison between laboratory work cut-off value and manufactorg-recommeded cut-off value; moreover, the sensitivity in other laboratories not is changed, but the specificity decreased (0.20%-0.50%).@*CONCLUSION@#In addition to setting up the appropriate gray zone in laboratories 1A, 3D and 5H, the gray zone in other laboratories may be cancelled. Even in the same laboratory, the setting up the gray zone also should be scientifically assessed, the same scale cannot be blindly used, thus appropniate strategies should be established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C Antibodies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
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