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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1198-1201, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for perioperative atelectasis in pediatric patients undergoing day surgery.Methods:The data of pediatric patients (aged 28 days-7 yr) undergoing elective surgery in our hospital from January 2021 to April 2021 were retrospectively collected.The pediatric patients were divided into atelectasis group and non-atelectasis group according to the results of postoperative ultrasound examination of the lung.The basic conditions and perioperative indicators of the children were recorded, and logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors.Results:A total of 122 pediatric patients were enrolled, there were 68 pediatric patients in atelectasis group, and the incidence of atelectasis was 55.7%.Compared with non-atelectasis group, significant changes were found in the amount of sufentanil, rate of laryngeal mask insertion, and rate of intraoperative inhalation of high-concentration oxygen in atelectasis group ( P<0.05). After adjusting variables such as age, upper respiratory tract infection, and overweight, intraoperative inhalation of high-concentration oxygen (FiO 2>60%) ( OR=2.863, 95% confidence interval 1.148-7.137, P=0.024) and consumption of sufentanil >0.2 μg/kg ( OR=1.214, 95% confidence interval 1.069-1.379, P=0.003) were independent risk factors for perioperative atelectasis in pediatric patients undergoing day surgery. Conclusion:Inhalation of high-concentration oxygen (FiO 2>60%) and consumption of sufentanil >0.2 μg/kg during operation are independent risk factors for perioperative atelectasis in pediatric patients undergoing day surgery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907863

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with SHORT syndrome caused by PIK3R1 gene mutation in Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University was retrospectively analyzed.The patient was a 11 years old and 5 months Chinese girl initially hospitalized due to polyuria, polyphagia and polydipsia in the past 2 months.Physical examination showed decreased subcutaneous fat on the face, a triangular-shaped face, ocular depression, a wide nose bridge, hypoplastic nasal alae, columnar depression in the low part of the nose, downturned lips, hyperpigmentation of the skin of the neck, axillae, cubital and popliteal fossae and groins (acanthosis nigricans). Besides, slight cubitus valgus and hyperextension were observed.Laboratory tests showed diabetes mellitus with insulin resistance.Whole exome sequencing identified a de novo heterozygous PIK3R1 mutation (c.1945C>T, p.Arg649Trp), SHORT syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by special facial appearance, lipodystrophy and insulin resistance.Molecular analysis of the PIK3R1 gene permits confirmation of the diagnosis.The patients with SHORT syndrome require multidisciplinary management, and early diagnosis can prevent complications and reduce the burden on the family.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3224-3232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906849

ABSTRACT

In this study, exosomes were extracted from human malignant melanoma cell A375. Folic acid (FA) receptor was used as target and triptolide (TPL) was used as model drug to prepare exosome targeted drug delivery system, FA-Exo/TPL. The physicochemical properties and antitumor effect were evaluated in vivo and in vitro. Gradient centrifugation method was applied to collect exosomes. Then, exosome was modified with FA for loading TPL. The particle sizes of the FA-Exo/TPL were about 100 nm with a double-layer membrane structure like a tray. It is characteristic of high encapsulation efficiency and drug loading. In vitro experiments showed that FA-Exo/TPL could be effectively uptaken by A375 cells, thus significantly inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis the cells. In vivo experiment results showed that FA-Exo/TPL could effectively inhibit the growth of tumor tissue, prolong the model mice life cycle, and significantly reduce the systemic toxicity of the free drug, playing a synergistic and toxic role. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. This study provides a new strategies and methods for the preparation of TPL against malignant melanoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906351

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is the treasure of the Chinese nation. As an important raw material for clinical treatment of diseases, Chinese materia medica plays an extremely important role. However, in the process of transformation from traditional wild collection of animals and plants to modern artificial cultivation and industrial production of preparations, whether the quality of Chinese materia medica is fully transferred will directly affect the quality and clinical efficacy of Chinese materia medica preparation. From the field to the sickbed, process control of quality transfer of Chinese materia medica is the key to guarantee quality and curative effect. In this paper, the whole process that affects the quality of Chinese materia medica preparations such as seed and seedling, planting and breeding, harvesting and processing, processing of decoction pieces and preparation production was analyzed. Paying attention to the whole process of quality control of Chinese materia medica is of great significance to improve the quality of Chinese materia medica preparations and promote the rapid development of TCM. Based on this, the author intended to analyze the key control links in the quality transfer process of Chinese materia medica (breeding, planting areas and field management, timely harvesting and intensive primary processing, appropriate processing, optimization of preparation technology, standardization of packaging and informationization of storage and transportation), in order to provide reference for the design and development of Chinese materia medica preparations guided by clinical value.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a sib pair featuring 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 deficiency.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from the proband, her sister, and their parents, and was subjected to sequencing analysis with a gene panel for sexual development. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Both the proband and her sister were found to harbor novel compound heterozygous missense variants of the HSD17B3 gene, namely c.839T>C (p.Leu280Pro) and c.239G>T (p.Arg80Leu), which were derived respectively from their mother and father. The variants were unreported previously and predicted to be deleterious by PolyPhen2, MutationTaster and other online software. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, both c.839T>C(p.Leu280Pro) and c.239G>T (p.Arg80Leu) were predicted to be likely pathogenic (PM2+PP1+PP2+PP3+PP4, PM2+PM5+PP1+PP2+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterogeneous variants of the HSD17B3 gene probably underlay the disease in this sib pair. 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 deficiency may lack specific clinical features and laboratory index, genetic testing can facilitate a definitive diagnosis.


Subject(s)
17-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases/genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Humans , Mutation , Mutation, Missense
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885124

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the Chinese Society of Endocrinology released a new version of the consensus on acromegaly. This article aims to interpret in details on three aspects of treatment goals, surgical treatment, and radiotherapy in this concensus.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 818-824, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875814

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To improve the quality standard of Taraxaci Herba ,and to evaluate the quality of T. officinale from different origins. METHODS :Based on the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅰ)under the item “Taraxaci Herba ”,the method of content determination was added for the detection of water-soluble extracts (hot extraction method)and alcohol-soluble extracts (hot extraction method ),total flavonoids ,chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A. HPLC fingerprint was established by using 42 batches of T. officinale from 8 producing areas as object ,and principal component analysis was performed on the basis of above results. RESULTS :The contents of alcohol-soluble extracts in 42 batches of T. officinale were 15.30%-30.40%,and those of water-soluble extracts were 27.59%-38.96%. The concentration of total flavonoids(UV spectrophotometry ),chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A (HPLC method )were 0.016-0.096,0.003-0.196,0.004-0.117,0.025-1.578,0.002-0.152 mg/mL,respectively (all R2>0.999);RSDs of precision , stability and repeatability tests were all lower than 2.00%(n=6);average sample recovery were 98.97%-103.53%,and RSDs were 1.19%-1.58%. The contents of total flavonoids ,chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A were 0.734% -3.700% ,0.004% -0.123% ,0.006% - 0.087% ,0.073% -1.499% ,0.005% -0.109% respectively in 42 batches of T. officinale. For 42 batches of T. officinale samples in HPLC fingerprint ,RSDs of the relative retention time of the common peak were 0-0.94%,and RSDs of the relative peak area were 0-125.57%. Among them ,the similarity of 39 batches of samples was all higher than 0.900. Results of principal component analysis showed that the quality of T. officinale from Shaanxi province was better,followed by medicinal materials from Hebei province. CONCLUSIONS :Tentatively,the contents of alcohol-soluble extract,water-soluble extract ,total flavonoids ,chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A shall not be less than 17.0%,27.0%,1.383%,0.024%,0.021%,0.450%,0.021% for Taraxaci Herba. In addition to the low content of caffeic acid in T. officinale from Shaanxi province ,the other indexes were better ;the content of caffeic acid in T. officinale from Hebei province was higher than that from Shaanxi province ,and other indicators were slightly lower than that from Shaanxi province. The quality of comprehensive evaluation of T. officinale from other origins was relatively poor ,and the quality of different batches of medicinal materials from the same origin was unstable.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878981

ABSTRACT

To compare the effect of hot or warm property of Chinese medicine(CM) on the skin toxicity of essential oils(EOs) as penetration enhancer in vitro and in vivo, and explore the mechanism. EOs were extracted from WIM of Bichengqie(Litseae Fructus), Dingxiang(Flos Syzygii Aromatici), Huajiao(Pericarpium Zanthoxyli Bungeani), and Xiaohuixiang(Fructus Foeniculi) with warm property, and Ganjiang(Rhizoma Zingiberis), Gaoliangjiang(Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinari), Hujiao(Fructus Piperis), and Wuzhuyu(Fructus Evodiae Rutaecarpae) with hot property, respectively. Then the in vitro toxicity was evaluated by human keratinocyte cytotoxicity. In vivo skin irritation potency was also evaluated through pathological observation after topical administration. The components, especially those located in stratum corneum, were analyzed by GC-MS. The main components, namely monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, of EOs extracted from CM with hot property,were detected for the interaction with keratino-lipid ceramide 3 by molecular simulation technology; and the interaction energy value was calculated based on the optimal conformation. It was found that the skin cell toxicity of EOs from CM with hot property was significantly higher than that of EOs from CM with warm property. However, there was no significant difference between them by in vivo skin irritation evaluation. Whether from CM with hot property or warm property, EOs showed a significant reduced toxicity compared with azone. Sesquiterpenes(33.56%±19.38%) were found to be one of the main components in EOs from CM with hot property, while almost no sesquiterpenes was found in EOs from CM with warm property. After topical administration of EOs from CM with hot property, sesquiterpenes were demonstrated to be prone to locate in stratum corneum. The results of molecular simulation also revealed that the interaction between sesquiterpenes and ceramide 3 was significantly stronger than that of monoterpenes(P<0.01). In conclusion, the location of sesquiterpenes in stratum corneum resulted in the significant difference between in vitro skin cell toxicity and in vivo skin irritation potency. The EOs from CM with hot property shall be taken into account for further development of potent penetration enhancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monoterpenes/metabolism , Oils, Volatile/toxicity , Sesquiterpenes/metabolism , Skin/metabolism , Skin Absorption
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878920

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Thymus przewalskii. The chemical consti-tuents were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-prepared HPLC, and their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Four flavanones were isolated from the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of T. przewalskii, and identified as(2S)-5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavanone(1), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavanone(2),(2S)-5,4'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavanone(3), sakuranetin(4), respectively. Compound 1 was a new compound and its configuration was determined by CD spectrum, compound 3 was natural product which was isolated for the first time and their configurations were determined by CD spectra. Compound 2 was isolated from the genus Thymus for the first time and compound 4 was isolated from T. przewalskii for the first time. Furthermore, cytotoxicity test was assayed for the four flavanones. They exhibited weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer cells(A549), with the IC_(50) from 74.5 to 135.6 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavanones , Humans
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880557

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Shenfu Injection (SFI, ) can alleviate post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction by inhibiting the inflammatory response.@*METHODS@#After 8 min of ventricular fibrillation and 2 min of basic life support, 24 pigs were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=8), which were given intravenous bolus injections of SFI (1.0 mL/kg), epinephrine (EP, 0.02 mg/kg) and normal saline (SA), respectively. The animals were sacrificed at 24 h after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and serum interleuking-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); expressions of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) mRNAs and proteins were determined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the EP and the SA groups, the ultrastructure of myocardial cells were slightly damaged and the systolic function of the left ventricle was markedly improved in the SFI group at 24 h after ROSC (P<0.05). In addition, compared with the EP and SA groups, the SFI group also showed significantly reduced levels of serum IL-6 and TNF-α, protein and mRNA levels of myocardial NF- κB and TLR4 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway may be involved in the pathological mechanisms of post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction. SFI may block NF-κB-mediated inflammatory response by reducing the activity of NF- κB and the level of TNF-α, thus playing a protective role in post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 562-565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE)in elderly patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy-induced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction(HFrEF)treated with Sacubitril-valsartan at 3 years of follow-up.Methods:This was a single-center retrospective cohort study.The elderly patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy-induced HFrEF aged 60-85 years were diagnosed and treated in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2018 to January 2020.A total of 120 continuously included elderly HFrEF patients treated with sacubitril valsartan were enrolled as the observation group, and 120 age-, gender-and B-type natriuretic peptide-matched elderly HFrEF patients treated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker(ACEI/ARB)were enrolled as the control group.Structure and function of the heart were detected at 1-year follow-up.The MACE was observed, including cardiogenic death, readmission due to heart failure worsening and malignant arrhythmia at 3-year follow-up.Results:During follow-up(23.5±11.6)months, the visit of 18 cases was lost.There were no significant differences in the age, medical history, blood pressure between the two groups( P>0.05). Follow-up results showed that the improvement was better in observation group than in control group as follows: the left ventricular ejection fraction(45.8±9.4)% vs.(40.7±8.5)%, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(56.5±8.3)mm vs.(59.2±7.3)mm, left ventricular end-systolic diameter(42.5±11.2)mm vs.(45.7±9.6)mm, left atrium inner diameter(49.1±8.7)mm vs.(51.2±7.7)mm, and left ventricular mass index(111.3±34.3)g/m 2vs.(119.7±31.5)g/m 2( t=4.41, 2.68, 2.38, 1.98 and 1.98, respectively, P<0.01 or 0.05). The rates of readmission due to heart failure worsening and the incidence of MACE were lower in the observation group than in the control group(21.7% or 26/120 vs.36.7% or 44/120, and 45.0% or 54/120 vs.71.7% or 86/120, χ2=6.54 and 17.55, P<0.05 or 0.01). In patients with the grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ New York Heart Association(NYHA)cardiac function, the incidence of MACE were lower in the observation group than in the control group(75.0% or 9/12 vs.100.0% or 14/14, χ2=5.10, P<0.05). Conclusions:Sacubitril-valsartan can improve cardiac structure and function, and decrease the incidence of MACE in elderly patients with HFrEF induced by ischemic cardimyopathy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883357

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone intravitreal implant (Ozurdex) in treating the refractory macular edema caused by retinal vein occlusion (RVO).Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Twenty-one eyes of 21 patients diagnosed as refractory macular edema secondary to RVO and treated with Ozurdex implant in Beijing Aier-Intech Eye Hospital from March 2016 to September 2019, who was with a course lasting longer than 3 months and received at least 2 times of anti-VEGF treatments, had recurrent macular edema and no visual improvement or even deteriorated, were included.Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was examined using standard visual chart and was converted to logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (LogMAR) units and intraocular pressure (IOP) was examined.Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to measure central retinal thickness (CRT) in all eyes before and at 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after intravitreal injection of Ozurdex.The changes of BCVA, IOP and CRT before and after Ozurdex injection were observed and analyzed.During the 6-month follow-up, re-injection of Ozurdex or ranibizumab was adopted among those with macular edema recurrence or poor efficacy according to the subjects' conditions.Ocular adverse effects and potential systemic complications were observed.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki and the study protocol was approved by an Ecthics Committee of Beijing Aier-Intech Eye Hospital (No.BJAIER2020IRB01).Results:The mean CRT at 1, 2, 3, 6 months after Ozurdex injection was (295.76±49.19), (280.33±39.44), (321.29±73.46), (300.29±75.10)μm, respectively, which were significantly decreased in comparison with (458.52±174.61)μm at baseline (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mean BCVA at different time points before and after Ozurdex injection ( F=1.975, P>0.05). During the follow-up, 10 eyes had macular edema recurrence at 2 to 6 months after first Ozurdex injection, with an average of (4.1±1.5) months.Among them, 8 eyes received second Ozurdex injection, and CRT was significantly reduced and BCVA was significantly improved at 6 months after the second Ozurdex injection in comparison with those at recurrence ( t=5.254, P=0.001; t=4.277, P=0.004). The IOP was significantly elevated at 2 months after first Ozurdex injection in comparison with that at baseline ( P=0.01). Ocular hypertension (IOP≥25 mmHg) was oberserved in 3 (14.3%) eyes during the follow-up period but were well controlled after local application of eye drops.No vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, endophthalmitis or other serious adverse effects or systemic complications were observed. Conclusions:One dose of intravitreal Ozurdex injection can significantly improve the structure and function of macula in refractory macular edema caused by RVO for 4 to 6 months and maintain the baseline visual acuity.Second administration of Ozurdex is still effective for recurrent RVO macular edema.Transitional IOP elevation is the main adverse event.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882864

ABSTRACT

The ketogenic diet(KD) treatment program planned for a 2 years old and 5 months boy suffered from severe cerebral complications after ependymoma operation in the Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University at December 2018 was analyzed retrospectively.The patient developed various complications, including cerebral hemorrhage, hydrocephalus and hernia after the operation of ependymoma, with coma, fever and convulsion, and 1 month of anti-infection and antiepileptic treatment was ineffective.After 2 weeks of 4∶1 KD, fever and convulsion were effectively relieved without obvious side effects.One month later, the patient regained consciousness, demonstrating that KD can be applied to treat severe cerebral complications after ependymoma operation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882835

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a case of Weave syndrome admitted in the Department of Endocrinology, Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The patient was a 9 years and 2 months old girl, who was hospitalized because of " growing too fast for 9 years" . After birth, the child is found to grow fast and have mental retardation, slurred speech, a blurred vision, a long face, a protruding forehead, ocular hypertelorism, epicanthus, nasal bridge pit, finger pads on both hands and feet, uncoordinated gaits, and intoeingpigeon toes.A novel heterozygous c. 1720A>G (p.K574E) mutation was detected in the exon 15 of the EZH2 gene of the patient.This mutation has not been reported at home and overseas.Sanger sequencing revealed that the patient′s parents did not carry the mutation.The disease is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder, and the parents and sibling of the patient have no corresponding symptoms, so it is inferred that the mutation is spontaneous.Based on the peculiarity of the face, clinical manifestations and the results of molecular genetics, the child was diagnosed as Weaver syndrome.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882817

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a patient with maturity-onset diabetes of the young 11 (MODY11) caused by B lymphocyte kinase( BLK) gene mutations in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University in August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The diabetes mellitus epidemiologic investigation was carried out on the patient′s family.The 13-year-old boy was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the local hospital 6 months ago.Physical examination showed that he was 65.5 kg in weight, 169.2 cm in height and 22.9 kg/m 2 in the body mass index.He was overweight without acanthosis nigricans.Laboratory measurements revealed fasting blood glucose 11.79 mmol/L, fasting insulin 18.05 mmol/L, and fasting C-peptide 1.12 mmol/L.The glycosylated hemoglobin was 12.0%, while the islet antibodies were all negative.Among 4 consecutive generations of this family, 11 members presented with diabetes, 8 cases of who were treated with insulin and 3 cases with oral hypoglycemic drugs.The whole exome sequencing identified a heterozygous mutation in exon 9 of BLK (c.809C>T) in this patient and his mother.This mutation caused the amino acid change p. T270M (threonine>methionine). Many cases of MODY are misdiagnosed as either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes.MODY11 is rare, mostly characterized by overweight or obesity, insufficient serum insulin secretion and commonly insulin dependence.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 422-427, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821867

ABSTRACT

Malignancy is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Effective screening and early diagnosis of tumors are clinically difficult. The existing tumor markers have low sensitivity and poor specificity. Exosomes, the nanoscale vesicles with a phospholipid bilayer structure, are widely distributed in various body fluids. Studies have shown that tumor-derived exosomes (TEXs) are closely related to the occurrence and progression of cancers. The contents of TEXs including proteins, RNA and DNA, glycoproteins, glycolipids and lipids can serve as highly sensitive tumor-specific markers, playing a crucial role in the basic research and clinical examination of cancers. Therefore, TEXs are expected to become new non-invasive tumor diagnostic biomarkers. This review describes the biological characteristics of exosomes, their advantages as diagnostic biomarkers and their applications in diagnosis of tumors, treatment monitoring and prognosis evaluation.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 261-263, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866825

ABSTRACT

The emergency department is not only the place of treating emergency and critically ill patients, but also the frontline of identification and treatment of infectious disease. To ensure the treatment of the acute and critical diseases and the safety of the hospital, the emergency department should be included in the prevention and control system of infectious diseases. Therefore, we should attach great importance to the role of emergency department in the prevention and control system of infectious diseases, by establishing standardized protocols of ward layout, treatment procedure, management and training. We suggest that it is essential to strengthen the integrated management with the infectious diseases department, and jointly build a new emergency medical service system to deal with infectious diseases.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey bone age, vitamin A, vitamin D and IGF-1 levels among stunted children, and to explore the clinical values.Methods:The experimental group was composed of 200 stunted children who visited the growth retardation clinic of Jiangning Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University between October 2017 and October 2019.The control group consisted of 200 children of normal height during the same period.The differences of developmental level, the qualified rates of serum vitamin A and vitamin D, and the number of the children whose serum IGF-1 at or above the median and their corresponding measurements were compared between the two groups.Results:Totally, 26% of the experimental group fell behind normal children by two years in their bone ages, as compared with 12% of control group.The differences in developmental levels of bone ages between the two groups were statistically significant( χ2=12.74, t=5.42、7.92, P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had obviously lower rates of vitamin A and vitamin D levels( χ2=26.85、13.65, t=8.45、12.47, P<0.01). A total of 88 children (44%) of the experimental group had serum IGF-1 levels at or above the median, as compared with 138 children (69%) of the control group( χ2=25.43, t=32.31, P<0.01). Conclusion:This finding supports the potential use of the bone age, vitamin A and D status and IGF-1 levels in growth retardation screening among children.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873258

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of strong light stress on the growth, physiological and biochemical and key enzyme gene expression of the Atractylodes lancea, in order to provide the scientific basis for the standardized cultivation of the A. lancea. Method::The two-year-old A. lancea seedlings were taken as experimental materials. Poplar forest (light transmittance between 18.26%-36.04%) was taken as control group(ck). Different density shading networks were used to simulate different degrees of high light stress (51.10%, 80.73%, 100%) in late July. The growth state of A. lancea was observed. On the 0th, 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th days, the physiological and biochemical indexes of malondialdehyde (MDA) content, cell membrane permeability, proline (Pro) content, antioxidant enzyme activity and chlorophyll content in the leaves of A. lancea were measured. The relative expression levels of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate monoacyl coenzyme A reductase (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A, HMGR) and farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase gene (farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase, FPPS) in leaves of A. lancea under intense light stress were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR(Real-time PCR). Result::After strong light stress, the color of the leaves of A. lancea changed from dark green to light green and yellowish green, and the burn of leaves became more and more serious. The contents of MDA, conductivity and Pro showed an upward trend with the increase of transmittance. Peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) tended to increase first and then decrease. The chlorophyll content decreased with the increase of light transmittance. The relative expression of HMGR in leaves of A. lancea decreased with the increase of light transmittance, while FPPS increased first and then decreased. Conclusion::The results showed that A. lanceaa could alleviate the inhibition of strong light stress by increasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes and regulating the content of osmotic pressure under certain strong light stress. Excessively strong intensity light stress leads to disequilibrium of metabolic mechanism of A. lancea, and seriously inhibits the plant growth.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect and mechanism of Chaenomelis Fructus alcohol extract (CFE) on the synovium of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Method:Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group and model group. RA model was made by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant, and then was randomly divided into model group, CFE low, medium and high dose group and Tripterygium glycoside group according to the inflammatory score. The CFE groups (0.15,0.30,0.60 g·kg-1·d-1) had intragastric administration once a day for 30 d after the model establishment. The blank control group and the model group were given the same volume saline water by gavage. After all the drugs were given, the blood, joint tissues and synovium tissue of rats were collected. The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the pathological changes of synovium were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining, and the expressions of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2),Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and death factor (Fas) in joints were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with normal group, the swelling degree and inflammation index of rats' feet in model group increased significantly, the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α in serum increased (P<0.01), anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 decreased (P<0.01), the protein expression of Bax, Fas and Bcl-2 increased, and the statistical results of Bcl-2 showed significant difference (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the swelling degree and inflammatory index of the plantar of RA rats were improved in the middle and high dose groups of CFE (P<0.01), the pathological changes such as synovial tissue hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration were reduced in each dose group, and the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in serum were reduced (P<0.05), anti inflammatory factor IL-10 increased (P<0.05), the disorder of inflammatory cytokine in the model was corrected, Bax, Fas expression increased, Bcl-2 protein expression decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion:CFE can reduce the degree of inflammation in RA joint and has obvious anti RA effects, which may be related to the apoptosis of synoviocytes induced by CFE.

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