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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 129-134, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920565

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effects of obesity and central obesity on hypertension, so as to provide insights into the prevention and control measures of hypertension.@*Methods@#From September to December 2018, residents at ages of 35 to 75 years were sampled using the multi-stage random sampling method in Baiyin District, Baiyin City, Gansu Province, and subjected to questionnaire surveys and physical examinations. The interaction between obesity/central obesity and hypertension was evaluated using logistic regression analysis. The synergy index ( SI ), relative excess risk due to interaction ( RERI ) and attributable proportion due to interaction ( AP ) were calculated using Excel compiled by Andersson et al.@*Results@#A total of 6 246 questionnaires were allocated and 6 169 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 98.77%. The respondents included 3 038 men ( 49.25% ) and 3 131 women (50.75%), with a mean age of ( 52.05±8.78 ) years. There were 832 respondents with obesity ( 13.49% ) and 2 278 with central obesity ( 36.93% ). The crude and standardized prevalence rates of hypertension were 35.89% and 33.05%, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that obesity ( OR=2.020, 95%CI: 1.705-2.393 ) and central obesity ( OR=1.622, 95%CI: 1.433-1.836 ) were statistically associated with hypertension. There was no multiplicative interaction between obesity or central obesity and hypertension ( OR=1.011, 95%CI: 0.655-1.560 ), and no additive interaction was detected between obesity or central obesityand hypertension ( SI=1.405, 95%CI: 0.815-2.424; RERI=0.658, 95%CI: -0.298 to 1.614; AP=0.201, 95%CI: -0.075 to 0.476 ).@*Conclusions@#Obesity and central obesity increase the risk of hypertension; however, no interaction is detected between obesity or central obesity and hypertension.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 275-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the job mo bility of cl inical research coordinators (CRCs) and clinical research associates(CRAs)in Chongqing ,and to explore the feasible methods to improve the job stability of CRCs and CRAs. METHODS Questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the job mobility of 200 CRCs and CRAs working in 22 drug clinical trial institutions of Chongqing. The contents included basic information ,job mobility ,and reasons for mobility. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Totally 178 valid questionnaires were recovered ,with an efficient recovery rate of 89.00%,of which 110 were recovered from CRCs and 68 were recovered from CRAs. Among the surveyed CRCs and CRAs ,the age distribution was mainly 20-30 years old ,accounting for 87.27% and 82.35% of the respective population respectively. The overall educational degree of CRAs were slightly higher than those of CRCs. The majors and previous work experience were mainly related to medicine ;the proportion of other non-medicine-related professions who switched to CRCs was higher than that of CRAs. Totally 88.18% had CRC working experience within 3 years;after having 1-<3 years of work experience ,50.00% had worked in 2 or more work units. Totally 64.70% had CRA working experience within 3 years;after having 1-<3 years of work experience ,70.37% had worked in 2 or more work units. CRCs handled 5.38 items of clinical trials and completed 1.22 items on average ;CRAs handled 7.47 items and completes 2.04 items on average. Main reasons of CRCs and CRAs for job-hopping included low salary below expectations,few promotion opportunities ,and too much workload ,accounting for 83.64%/80.88%,45.45%/39.71%,31.82%/ 26.47%,respectively. As an important part of clinical trials ,CRCs and CRAs had high job mobility. It is suggested to establish a unified industry standard ,standardize the management rights and responsibilities of CRCs and CRAs ,optimize the working mode of CRCs and CRAs ,and improve professional identity and sense of belonging ,so as to improve the job stability of relevant

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 525-532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922932

ABSTRACT

In this study, nrDNA ITS sequences of Lycium cultivars were sequenced and used to test the existence of incomplete concerted evolution and pseudogenes. Together with 44 ITS sequences retrieved from GenBank, the pattern of base substitutions, GC content, 5.8S conserved motifs, the minimum free energy of secondary structures, nucleotide diversity and phylogenetic relationship of the samples were analyzed. While 83 of the 144 sequences were identified as pseudogenes, the results suggested a high degree of polymorphism and putative pseudogenes in Lycium, suggesting an incomplete concerted evolution of the ITS region. ITS polymorphism and pseudogene of Lycium were systematically tested for the first time. This research provides a references for ITS sequence to be used in the study of Lycium germplasm resources and DNA barcode identification.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 741-749, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922894

ABSTRACT

The crude Et2O extract of soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum, collected off the Xisha, the South China Sea, were investigated. A new cembrane-type diterpenoid, namely 15-dehydroxy-sarcophytrol D (1), together with twenty-five known compounds, namely ximaoglaucumin C (2), (11S,12S,1E,3E,7E)-11,12-epoxycembra-1,3,7-triene (3), sarcophytol W (4), cembrene (5), sarcophytol B (6), sarcophytol K (7), sarcophytol J (8), pentaene-cembrene (9), sarcophytol E (10), (+)-marasol (11), (2S)-sarcophytoninsarcophytoxide (12), (-)-17-hydroxydeepoxysarcophytoxide (13), (+)-sarcophytoxide (14), 13-acetoxysarcophytoxide (15), bophynin B (16), 16-oxosarcophytoxide E (17), sarcophinone (18), 7α-8β-dihydroxydeepoxysarcophine (19), (+)-sarcophine (20), 14-dehydroxy-sarcophytol L (21), sarcophytol L (22), 13α-hydroxy-sarcophytol L (23), trocheliophol C (24), trocheliophol E (25) and trocheliophol L (26), were isolated and purified by comprehensive chromatography methods of silica gel column, Sephadex LH-20 gel column, TLC, and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In anti-inflammatory bioassay, compound 4 exhibited inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in BV-2 microglial cells.

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 828-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921286

ABSTRACT

As a kind of mental illness, depression produces great difficulties in clinical diagnosis and treatment, and has a high disability rate. It is urgent to clarify the mechanism of depression to find potential therapeutic targets and effective clinical treatment methods. As a deacetylase, silent mating type information regulator 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) is involved in many biological processes such as cell aging, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. In recent years, more and more studies have found that SIRT1 gene plays an important role in the pathogenesis of depression, but the mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, this review mainly summarizes the relevant research progress on the role and mechanism of SIRT1 gene in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus, and nucleus accumbens in depression, in order to provide new ideas for exploring the mechanism and prevention of depression.


Subject(s)
Cellular Senescence , Depression/genetics , Hippocampus/metabolism , Humans , Nucleus Accumbens , Sirtuin 1/metabolism
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2340-2352, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Emerging evidence indicates that the sineoculis homeobox homolog 1-eyes absent homolog 1 (SIX1-EYA1) transcriptional complex significantly contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple cancers by mediating the expression of genes involved in different biological processes, such as cell-cycle progression and metastasis. However, the roles of the SIX1-EYA1 transcriptional complex and its targets in colorectal cancer (CRC) are still being investigated. This study aimed to investigate the roles of SIX1-EYA1 in the pathogenesis of CRC, to screen inhibitors disrupting the SIX1-EYA1 interaction and to evaluate the efficiency of small molecules in the inhibition of CRC cell growth.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were performed to examine gene and protein levels in CRC cells and clinical tissues (collected from CRC patients who underwent surgery in the Department of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, between 2016 and 2018, n = 24). In vivo immunoprecipitation and in vitro pulldown assays were carried out to determine SIX1-EYA1 interaction. Cell proliferation, cell survival, and cell invasion were determined using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, clonogenic assay, and Boyden chamber assay, respectively. The Amplified Luminescent Proximity Homogeneous Assay Screen (AlphaScreen) method was used to obtain small molecules that specifically disrupted SIX1-EYA1 interaction. CRC cells harboring different levels of SIX1/EYA1 were injected into nude mice to establish tumor xenografts, and small molecules were also injected into mice to evaluate their efficiency to inhibit tumor growth.@*RESULTS@#Both SIX1 and EYA1 were overexpressed in CRC cancerous tissues (for SIX1, 7.47 ± 3.54 vs.1.88 ± 0.35, t = 4.92, P = 0.008; for EYA1, 7.61 ± 2.03 vs. 2.22 ± 0.45, t = 6.73, P = 0.005). The SIX1/EYA1 complex could mediate the expression of two important genes including cyclin A1 (CCNA1) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) by binding to the myocyte enhancer factor 3 consensus. Knockdown of both SIX1 and EYA1 could decrease cell proliferation, cell invasion, tumor growth, and in vivo tumor growth (all P < 0.01). Two small molecules, NSC0191 and NSC0933, were obtained using AlphaScreen and they could significantly inhibit the SIX1-EYA1 interaction with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 12.60 ± 1.15 μmol/L and 83.43 ± 7.24 μmol/L, respectively. Administration of these two compounds could significantly repress the expression of CCNA1 and TGFB1 and inhibit the growth of CRC cells in vitro and in vivo.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Overexpression of the SIX1/EYA1 complex transactivated the expression of CCNA1 and TGFB1, causing the pathogenesis of CRC. Pharmacological inhibition of the SIX1-EYA1 interaction with NSC0191 and NSC0933 significantly inhibited CRC cell growth by affecting cell-cycle progression and metastasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919175

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To evaluate temporal trends of atrial fibrillation (AF) prevalence in critically ill patients who received prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) in the United States. @*Methods@#We used the 2008 to 2014 National Inpatient Sample to compute the weighted prevalence of AF among hospitalized adult patients on prolonged MV. We used multivariable-adjusted models to evaluate the association of AF with clinical factors, in-hospital mortality, hospitalization cost, and length of stay (LOS). @*Results@#We identified 2,578,165 patients who received prolonged MV (21.27% of AF patients). The prevalence of AF increased from 14.63% in 2008 to 24.43% in 2014 (p for trend < 0.0001). Amongst different phenotypes of critically ill patients, the prevalence of AF increased in patients with severe sepsis, asthma exacerbation, congestive heart failure exacerbation, acute stroke, and cardiac arrest. Older age, male sex, white race, medicare access, higher income, urban teaching hospital setting, and Western region were associated with a higher prevalence of AF. AF in critical illness was a risk factor for in-hospital death (odds ratio, 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.11 to 1.15), but in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with AF decreased from 11.6% to 8.3%. AF was linked to prolonged LOS (2%, p < 0.0001) and high hospitalization cost (4%, p < 0.0001). LOS (–1%, p < 0.0001) and hospitalization cost (–4%, p < 0.0001) decreased yearly. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of comorbid AF is increasing, particularly in older patients. AF may lead to poorer prognosis, and high-quality intensive care is imperative for this population.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912850

ABSTRACT

Objective:Cost accounting for its diagnosis items based on virtual standardized clinical chemistry laboratory.Methods:Relevant data of clinical chemistry laboratories from January to June 2019 were extracted from the laboratory information systems of 10 hospitals in Shanghai, and three health economic experts and the directors of their laboratory departments were interviewed in this regard.On such basis, a virtual standardized clinical chemistry laboratory was constructed. The project cost of the virtual laboratory was calculated from the aspects of supplies exhaust, labor and others. The routine clinical chemistry diagnosis items were clustered according to the principle of laboratory methods, and the cost differences of items in the same cluster were compared using paired t test. Results:The cost of rate method and dry chemical method in testing alanine aminotransferase was 5.12 and 11.63 respectively, and that of immune turbidimetry and immune scattering turbidimetry method in testing immunoglobulin G was 20.00 and 22.26 respectively. Cluster analysis was conducted on 214 routine clinical biochemical diagnostic items, of which 202 items were classified into 42 clusters. The average of clinical chemistry items accounted for 91.7%(4 493/4 900)of the total per day. Based on enzymology, the calculation costs of alanine aminotransferase(rate method), aspartate aminotransferase(rate method), cholesterol(enzyme method)and uric acid(enzyme method)was 5.12, 5.10, 5.24 and 5.14 respectively, presenting no statistical difference( P>0.05). Conclusions:Research on the cost accounting method of clinical chemistry laboratory diagnosis items constructed includes labor cost, reflects the technical labor value of medical staff. Cost accounting based on project clustering can provide references for medical service pricing and financial management of hospitals.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912631

ABSTRACT

Objective:As the amount of scientific reagents/consumables procurement in tertiary medical institutions increases year by year, it is necessary to seek for a more optimized operation mode for the current management needs to improve the procurement service and management of scientific reagents/consumables.Methods:Focused on the bottleneck problem of scientific research reagents/consumables procurement management, combined with the investigation of management mode in the same field and the review of relevant literature, a scientific research reagents/consumables procurement platform suitable for hospital was established, which was operated in the whole hospital for 2 years and continuingly improved.Results:The application of the scientific reagents/consumables procurement platform is expected to save 7%~8% of the scientific reagents/consumables related expenditure, which can make the scientific research procurement work standardized and simple, the procurement management precise and fast, and also provide favorable support for the prevention and control of epidemic diseases in hospitals.Conclusions:This platform is conducive to improving the service and management level of scientific reagents/consumables procurement in our hospital, and has conditions to expand the scope and increase the depth of management and service.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of four cancer stem cell (CSC) markers (EpCAM, CD133, CD90 and CD24) in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTC),their value in the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:A total of 50 hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and 29 peripheral blood sample from 50 patients with hepatocellular cancer treated in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from October 2013 to September 2014 were collected and analyzed by flow cytometry or qRT-PCR to examine the expression of EpCAM, CD133, CD90 and CD24. The clinical data of patients were collected, including tumor size, tumor number, satellite lesions, vascular invasion, Edmondson stage, BCLC stage and liver cirrhosis, etc. The correlation between the expression of four markers in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and CTC with the clinical data and survival time of patients were compared.Results:The positive expression rates of EpCAM, CD133, CD90 and CD24 in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues were 66% (33/50), 18% (9/50), 60% (30/50) and 56% (28/50); the positive expression rates in CTC were 55% (16/29), 38% (11/29), 31% (9/29) and 59% (17/29). CD90 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue was positively correlated with the occurrence HCC liver cirrhosis ( P<0.05), while CD133 expression was negatively correlated with the 5-year survival rate of patients ( P<0.05). The expression of EpCAM and CD24 in peripheral blood CTC were closely related to the patient′s Edmondson stage ( P<0.05). The survival time of patients with CD133 positive expression in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue was lower than those without CD133 expression ( P<0.05); the survival rate of patients with EpCAM expressed in either tissue or peripheral blood CTC was lower than that of patients with EpCAM double negative expression ( P<0.05). The survival rate of patients with CD90 negative in HCC tissue and positive in peripheral blood was lower than that in patients with double negative/double positive in tissue and peripheral blood or patients positive in hepatocellular carcinoma tissue and negative in peripheral blood ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Different expression characteristics of four markers in cancer tissues and peripheral blood CTC might provide useful information about predicting prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The expression of CD133 in tissues can be used as an important survival predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. The differential expression of cancer markers in tissue samples and blood samples can provide more clinical prognostic information.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912513

ABSTRACT

With the improvement of detective sensitivity, the application of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has gradually expanded from advanced tumors to early stage. Recently, the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) using ctDNA in solid tumors has attracted particular attention. MRD testing has shown an essential role in the risk assessment of solid tumor recurrence and treatment guidance. However, the MRD detection strategies used in each study are different, and the conclusions drawn as well. This paper reviewed the research progress of ctDNA for MRD detection in solid tumor, as well as its challenges of detection technology and application, in order to promote the clinical transformation and standardized application of MRD detection by ctDNA in solid tumors.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912503

ABSTRACT

Taking advantage of current advancements of the laboratory information system, patient-based real-time quality control (PBRTQC) has become a hot research topic with the potential of significantly improving the quality of clinical laboratories. PBRTQC has several advantages over conventional internal quality control, including the merit of continuous error detection, low maintenance cost, and no fear of loss of quality control due to commutability issue. This review summarized the recent research progress in PBRTQC. The review described the fundamental theories of PBRTQC and explained how to implement PBRTQC in clinical laboratories in detail. The review also provided prospective view on how to solve the current problems and what are the future research directions of PBRTQC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912502

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the performance of the next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform and evaluate the application of NGS, droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) and super amplification refractory mutation system (super-ARMS) in the detection of circulating free DNA (cfDNA) mutations in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:A total of 75 patients with NSCLC in the respiratory department of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled. The standards, cfDNA from 25 patients with newly diagnosed and untreated NSCLC, and self-made mixed samples mixed with hemoglobin (1 000 mg /dl), bilirubin (500 mg/l), fat emulsion (2%), enterococcus gDNA and Escherichia coli gDNA were used to verify the blank limit, analytical sensitivity, precision, accuracy and specificity of NGS platform. The cfDNA mutations of 75 NSCLC patients were detected by ddPCR and NGS, and the mutation positive rates of the two platforms were compared. The linear relationship between the two platforms was compared by Pearson correlation test. 12 patients were selected by simple random sampling for the detection of plasma super-ARMS platform. The performance of three platforms in the detection of plasma cfDNA mutation in patients with NSCLC was compared.Results:The blank limit of NGS platform was set to 0.00%, the analytical sensitivity was 0.2%, the intra-assay precision and inter-assay precision were 100%. The test results were not affected by endogenous hemoglobin, bilirubin or fat emulsion in plasma or exogenous DNA interference, and the analysis specificity was good. The mutation positive rates of plasma cfDNA in 75 NSCLC patients detected by ddPCR and NGS were 61.33% and 60.00%, respectively. The complete coincidence rate was 89.33%, which suggests there was a positive correlation between the mutation abundance of NGS and ddPCR ( r=0.984, P=0.001). Among the plasma of 12 NSCLC patients, the results of NGS, ddPCR and super-ARMS were completely consistent in 7 cases, including 2 wild-types and 5 mutants. Conclusion:The NGS platform was verified to be useful for cfDNA mutation detection in patients with NSCLC. The ddPCR, NGS and super-ARMS have their own advantages in detecting cfDNA mutations in patients with NSCLC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912459

ABSTRACT

With the development of diagnostic techniques, the diagnosis rate of adrenal incidental tumors is increasing. Disease related hormones can be detected to evaluate the endocrine function of tumors for diagnosis and treatment, especially by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). LC-MS/MS has the advantages of high sensitivity, specificity and multi-component, and has become the gold standard method for the detection of small molecule hormones.Mass spectrometry has advantages in the detection of glucocorticoids, halo corticoids, sex hormones and catecholamine metabolites.LC-MS/MS still has some limitations in clinical practice, which are manifested as low degree of automation and lack of standardization.After the improvement of the clinical application of LC-MS/MS and the establishment of reference scope, the clinical judgment on the endocrine function of AI will be more standardized.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 777-784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore surgical treatment strategies and prognosis of early-stage nail apparatus melanoma.Methods:A total of 115 patients with early-stage nail apparatus melanoma receiving surgical treatment were collected from Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from July 2011 to December 2019, and surgical treatment strategies and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:According to the modified ABCDEF criteria and clinical manifestations (such as deformation of the nail plate, ulcers, nodules) , 73 patients with early-stage nail apparatus melanoma received extended surgical resection based on the resection principles of melanoma in situ, 22 based on the resection principles of stage I and II melanoma, 20 based on the resection principles of stage I and II melanoma with invasion risks. During the follow-up period of 6 months to 9 years, there was no recurrence of the primary tumors in any patients; no abnormalities were observed by the ultrasound examination of lymph nodes in 101 patients; metastases occurred in 2 patients receiving finger amputation, 1 of whom died; 12 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusion:To select extended surgical resection strategies for early-stage nail apparatus melanoma based on clinical manifestations, can ensure adequate treatment and preserve the normal function of the extremities to the greatest extent without recurrence of the primary tumors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose an automatic planning method of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for esophageal cancer based on dose volume histogram prediction and beam angle optimization in Raystation treatment planning system.Methods:50 IMRT plans of esophageal cancer were selected as the training set to establish a dose prediction model for organs at risk. Another 20 testing plans were optimized in Raystation using RuiPlan and manual method, and the beam angle optimization and dose volume histogram prediction functions of RuiPlan were used for automatic planning. Dosimetric differences and planning efficiency between two methods were statistically compared with paired t-test. Results:There were no significant dosimetric differences in the conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI) of PTV, V 5Gy of both lungs and D max of the spinal cord between automatic and manual plans (all P>0.05). Compared with those in the manual plans, the V 20Gy and D mean of the left and right lungs generated from automatic plans were reduced by 1.1%, 0.37 Gy and 1.2%, 0.38 Gy (all P<0.05), and the V 30Gy, V 40Gy and D mean of the heart in automatic plans were significantly decreased by 5.1%, 3.0% and 1.41 Gy, respectively (all P<0.05). The labor time, computer working time, and monitor unit (MU) number of automatic plans were significantly decreased by 65.8%, 14.1%, and 17.2%, respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusion:RuiPlan automatic planning scripts can improve the efficiency of esophageal cancer planning by dose prediction and beam angle optimization, providing an alternative for esophageal cancer radiotherapy planning.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To build a systemic and automatic importing scheme for importing CT images and structures into the treatment planning systems (TPSs) of Eclipse and Monaco.Methods:Based on two TPSs of Eclipse and Monaco, the files of CT images and structures were automatically transported from OAR auto-delineation system to the importing directory of these two TPSs using batch script in Windows system. Following the standard importing procedures of these two TPSs, the automatically importing script of CT images and structures were developed using the application of UiBot. Finally, the CT images and structures were imported into these two TPSs opportunely.Results:By comparing the importing time using script and manual methods, the script not only achieved auto-importing CT images and structures into TPSs, but also yielded almost the same efficiency to manual method. The number of imaging layers in most patients was between 130 and 180, and the average manual and automatic importing time within this interval was 76 s and 75 s.Conclusions:Automatic scripts can be developed by using the automation function of UiBot combined with the actual problems of radiotherapy and repeated workflow. The efficiency of radiotherapy work can be significantly improved. Manual and time costs can be saved. It provides a novel alternative for the automation of radiotherapy procedures.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To validate the accuracy of physical model of in-vivo 3D dose verification based on electronic portal imaging device (EPID) using the phantom and preliminarily analyze the clinical application.Methods:Two phantoms (uniform and non-uniform phantoms) were involved in this study. The system of in-vivo 3D dose verification based on EPID was employed to acquire the images of square fields (SF) and combined fields of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (CFIMRT). The physical model of different media was constructed using the system. The factor of γ passing rate under different dose/distance criteria was statistically compared. For clinical cases, the dose-volume histograms were adopted to analyze the dose distribution of target volume and organs at risk (OARs).Results:For the SF in the uniform phantom, the average γ passing rate (3%/3 mm) was (97.49±1.11)%, and (94.06±5.11)% for the SF in the non-uniform phantom ( P>0.05). No statistical significance was noted in IMRT using different delivery methods (all P>0.05). For clinical cases, the average γ passing rate (3%/2 mm) was (97.96±1.84)% in the pre-treatment dose verification, and (90.51±6.96)%(3%/3 mm) for the in-vivo 3D dose verification. For clinical cases, significant dose deviation was observed in OARs with small size and large volume changes. Conclusion:The in-vivo 3D dose verification model based on EPID can be effectively applied in inter-fraction dose verification, providing technical support for adaptive radiotherapy in clinical practice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily evaluate the safety and efficacy of 3D printing template-assisted brachytherapy in the treatment of solitary metastatic lymph nodes adjacent to iliac vessels.Methods:Clinical data of 12 cases of para-iliac lymph node metastasis after radiotherapy admitted to our hospital from October 2018 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received 3D printing template-assisted brachytherapy at a prescription dose of 20-30 Gy/fraction. CT scan was reviewed every 1 month in the first 3 months after treatment and every 3 months at 3 months after treatment.Local control rate, symptom relief rate and adverse events were evaluated.Results:All the 12 patients successfully completed the treatment and follow-up. At 1, 3 and 6 months after 3D printing template-assisted brachytherapy, 2, 2 and 3 patients obtained complete remission of lymph nodes, 9, 8 and 8 cases of partial remission, 1 case of stable disease and no case of disease progression. The symptoms were relieved in 10 patients. Acute radiation enteritis occurred in 2 patients and myelosuppression in 2 patients, which were mitigated after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:3D printing template-assisted brachytherapy may be an efficacious and safe treatment of para-iliac lymph node metastasis, which yields tolerable adverse events.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910474

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the AAPM-TG218 report, the dose verification of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans were classified to understand the current status, establish the process and determine the limits of dose verification in our hospital.Methods:Different combinations of tumor locations, accelerators, treatment planning systems and verification devices in our hospital were verified and compared to determine the tolerance limits and action limits of each combination. The measurement requirement was adopted according to the AAPM-TG218 report, and 80 cases were selected for each measurement. The measurement procedures were implemented based upon the AAPM-TG218 report and clinical experience of our hospital.Results:The clinical action limits of IMRT plans in our hospital could meet the recommended range of the AAPM-TG218 report, and the tolerance limits were slightly lower than the AAPM-TG218 report′s recommendation (93.94% for 3%/2 mm). The measurement of verification devices was related to the sensitivity. The tolerance limits measured by EPID were higher than ArcCHECK, especially when the dose/distance requirements were more stringent (94.12% and 92.03% for 3%/2 mm, P=0.074; 86.82% and 74.61% for 2%/2 mm, P=0.017). Conclusion:Through the AAPM-TG218 report, the work flow of IMRT dose verification and the limit range are established in our hospital, providing guidance for subsequent clinical dosimetric measurement.

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