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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 439-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of free/total prostate-specific antigen (f/tPSA), peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostate health index density (PHID) detection in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 160 patients with abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological results of prostate biopsy or electrical resection, the patients were divided into prostate cancer group (68 cases) and benign prostatic hyperplasia group (92 cases), and 50 male healthy physical examiners in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University during the same period were selected as healthy control group. All enrolled members were tested for total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA), free prostate-specific antigen (fPSA), and prostate specific antigen isoform 2 (p2PSA), IL-6 and other indicators, and the f/tPSA, prostate health index (PHI), PHID and NLR were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to compare the efficacy of each index in diagnosing and differentially diagnosing prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia.Results:The serum levels of tPSA, fPSA, p2PSA, PHI and PHID in the prostate cancer group were higher than those in the benign prostatic hyperplasia group and the healthy control group (all P < 0.05), and the serum f/tPSA was lower than that in the benign prostatic hyperplasia group and the healthy control group ( P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of PHID for the diagnosis of early stage prostate cancer was the largest [0.915 (95% CI 0.864-0.966)], followed by PHI [0.884 (95% CI 0.823-0.944)]. The sensitivity of both f/tPSA and PHI in diagnosing early stage prostate cancer was 86.80%, which was higher than other indicators; the specificity of PHID in diagnosing early stage prostate cancer was 94.00%, which was higher than other indicators. The AUC of f/tPSA for the diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia was the largest [0.828 (95% CI 0.739-0.917)], followed by PHID [0.826 (95% CI 0.760-0.892)]. The sensitivity of f/tPSA in diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (85.90%) was higher than other indicators, and the specificity of PHI in diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (94.00%) was higher than other indicators. The AUC of fPSA, PHID, f/tPSA and p2PSA in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia were 0.752 (95% CI 0.663-0.841), 0.730 (95% CI 0.647-0.812), 0.713 (95% CI 0.623-0.803), 0.710 (95% CI 0.629-0.791), respectively, and there was no significant difference in each pairwise comparison (all P > 0.05). The sensitivity of NLR in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia was 91.20%, which was higher than other indicators, and the specificity of fPSA in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia was 94.00%, which was higher than other indicators. Conclusions:The f/tPSA, PHI and PHID detection have certain clinical values in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, and can provide references for early diagnosis, early treatment and prognosis evaluation of high-risk population of prostate cancer.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 86-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical values of progastrin-releasing peptide (Pro-GRP), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen 21-1 (CYFRA21-1), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) and human human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) detections in the diagnosis of lung cancer patients.Methods:The clinical data of 200 lung cancer patients who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological type, the patients were divided into lung adenocarcinoma group (80 cases), lung squamous cell carcinoma group (75 cases) and small cell lung cancer group (45 cases). Fifty patients with benign lung diseases and 50 healthy physical examiners who were admitted to the hospital during the same period were selected. All the subjects were tested for the levels of Pro-GRP, NSE, CYFRA21-1, SCCA and HE4, and the differences of each index level in the subjects of different subgroups were compared. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, and using pathological diagnosis result as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficacy of each index alone and in combination for lung cancer was compared.Results:The serum levels of Pro-GRP, NSE, CYFRA21-1, SCCA and HE4 in lung cancer group were higher than those in the benign lung diseases group and the healthy control group (all P < 0.001). There were no statistical differences in the levels of serum Pro-GRP, NSE, CYFRA21-1, SCCA and HE4 between the benign lung diseases group and the healthy control group (all P > 0.05). The levels of Pro-GRP, NSE and HE4 in the small cell lung cancer group were higher than those in the lung adenocarcinoma group and the lung squamous cell carcinoma group (all P < 0.05). NSE and HE4 levels in the lung adenocarcinoma group were higher than those in the lung squamous carcinoma group (both P < 0.05), while CYFRA21-1 and SCCA levels were lower than those in the lung squamous carcinoma group (both P < 0.05). The AUC of lung cancer diagnosed by HE4 was the largest (0.813), the AUC of lung adenocarcinoma diagnosed by HE4 was the largest (0.824), the AUC of lung squamous carcinoma diagnosed by CYFRA21-1 was the largest (0.884), and the AUC of small cell lung cancer diagnosed by NSE was the largest (0.959). The AUC of lung cancer diagnosed by combined detection of 5 indicators was 0.951, the AUC of lung adenocarcinoma and small cell lung cancer diagnosed by combined detection of 5 indicators was 0.975 and 0.996, and the AUC of lung squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed by combined detection of CYFRA21-1, SCCA and HE4 was 0.967. Conclusions:The levels of Pro-GRP, NSE, CYFRA21-1, SCCA, HE4 and other indicators have certain clinical values in the diagnosis of lung cancer and its pathological types, and the combined detection of each index is more valuable than a single index.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995848

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to reduce the transactional burden of scientific researchers and ensure the researchers concentrate on their scientific research, the hospital implemented the whole-process management and optimization of the scientific research approval process based on the DingTalk platform to improve the efficiency of scientific research.Methods:We sorted out the list of routine work in the implementation of scientific research projects and analyzed the key points affecting the efficiency of scientific research management, specifically the processes of reimbursement of scientific research funds, budget adjustment, paper submission approval, and research drug application, then we developed corresponding modules on the DingTalk platform.Results:In 2021, the hospital approved 3 214 scientific research funding reimbursements, including 1 917 approvals below 5 000 yuan, with a median approval time of 19 (5~28) hours, 1 297 approvals above 5 000 yuan, with a median approval time of 26 (10~50) hours. In addition, 17 budget adjustments, 456 paper submissions, and 31 research drug applications were approved on the DingTalk platform, resulting in a smooth overall approval process, saving the time costs of medical staff and improving work efficiency.Conclusions:The scientific research approval management based on this platform realizes the concept of refined management, which can meet the needs of the normalization of epidemic prevention and control and effectively promote the high-quality development of hospital scientific research management.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994419

ABSTRACT

This is a report of three cases of three male patients. One of the patients had myelodysplastic syndrome, and two had aplastic anemia; their ages were 28, 32, and 21 years old, respectively. Two patients underwent sibling allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and one underwent haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. All the patients showed elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit at 6, 16, and 9 months after transplantation, with normal white blood cells and platelets and no splenomegaly. All causes of secondary polycythemia were ruled out. Bone marrow morphology showed no erythroid hyperplasia. The PCR result for BCR-ABL (P210, P230, P190, and variants) was negative, and there were no mutations at the amino acid site 617 of JAK2, exon 12 of JAK2, exon 9 of CALR, and amino acid site 515 of MPL. All three patients had hypertension. One patient was treated with amlodipine, and the other two patients were treated with angiotensin receptor blockers. The durations of erythrocytosis for these three patients were 6 years and 3 months, 4 years and 7 months, and 5 years and 3 months, respectively through December 2022. There was no tendency for spontaneous remission. Erythrocytosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a rare complication. Previous reports in the literature suggest that the mechanism of post-transplant erythrocytosis in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be different from that of recipients of other transplants.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) in the endogenous protective mechanism underlying mechanical ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in mice and the relationship with high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1).Methods:Forty SPF healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C), VILI group (group VILI), negative control siRNA + VILI group (group NV) and HSF1 siRNA + VILI group (group siRNA). At 48 h before mechanical ventilation, negative control siRNA 5 nmol and HSF1 siRNA 5 nmol were intratracheally injected in NV and siRNA groups respectively, and the solution was diluted to 50 μl with the sterile phosphate buffer in both groups. Group C kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h, and the rest animals were mechanically ventilated (tidal volume 35 ml/kg, respiratory rate 75 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, fraction of inspired oxygen 21%) for 4 h. Blood samples from the femoral artery were collected for arterial blood gas analysis immediately after endotracheal intubation and at 4 h of ventilation, and PaO 2 was recorded. Then the mice were sacrificed under deep anesthesia to collect lung tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and HMGB1 in BALF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The pathological results were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and lung injury was assessed and scored. The wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio of lung tissues was calculated. The expression of HMGB1 and HSF1 mRNA in lung tissues (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of HMGB1 and HSF1 protein in lung tissues (by Western blot) were determined. Results:Compared with group C, PaO 2 was significantly decreased at 4 h of ventilation, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β and HMGB1 in BALF, W/D ratio and lung injury score were increased, and the expression of HMGB1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was up-regulated in group VILI, group NV and group siRNA ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group VILI and group NV, PaO 2 was significantly decreased at 4 h of ventilation, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β and HMGB1 in BALF, W/D ratio and lung injury score were increased, and the expression of HMGB1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was up-regulated, and the expression of HSF1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group siRNA ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in the parameters mentioned above between group VILI and group NV ( P>0.05). Conclusions:HSF1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism underlying VILI in mice, which may be related to the down-regulation of HMGB1 expression and attenuation of inflammatory responses in lung tissues.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989910

ABSTRACT

Parathyroid adenoma (PTA) is an important cause of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) . The author reported a case of HPT caused by proliferation of parathyroid cells caused by implantation during surgery, and the formation of adenoma in sternocleidomastoid muscle was detected. The understanding of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) caused by ectopic PTA was analyzed from clinical symptoms, laboratory examination, the neck Doppler ultrasound, imaging ( 99TC m-MIBI SPECT/CT fusion imaging, CT) and pathological examination results, combined with the parathyroidism of the patient during the first operation.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 380-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of transurethral flexible ureteroscopy combined with single channel minimally invasive percutaneous nephroscopy in the treatment of complex renal calculi.Methods:A total of 72 patients with complex renal calculi admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from November 2019 to April 2022 were prospective selected, which were randomly divided into study group and control group by the random number table method, with 36 cases in each group. The control group underwent single channel minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy, while the study group underwent transurethral flexible ureteroscopy combined with single channel minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The perioperative indexes (operation time, postoperative hospital stay, intraoperative blood loss), stone removal effect, renal function indicators [blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr)] and complication rate were compared between the two groups. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for inter-group comparison. The Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method were used to compare the count data of two groups. Results:The operation time [(101.05±11.34) min vs (107.84±10.28) min] and postoperative hospital stay [(8.54±3.15) d vs (12.36±4.08) d] in the study group were significantly shorter than those in the control group, and the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The amount of intraoperative bleeding was close to that in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The primary stone clearance rate and summary stone clearance rate in the study group were 91.67% (33/36) and 100.0% (36/36), respectively, which were significantly higher than 69.44% (25/36) and 83.33% (30/36) in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The postoperative BUN and SCr levels in the study group were (5.24±0.31) mmol/L and (90.65±25.57) μmol/L, respectively, the control group was (7.69±0.78) mmol/L and (131.96±37.80) μmol/L, respectively. BUN and SCr levels in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The total incidence of postoperative complications in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group (5.56% vs 16.67%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Transurethral flexible ureteroscopy combined with single channel minimally invasive percutaneous nephroscopy is an ideal method for the treatment of complex renal calculi, which has good removal effect, less complications and helps to improve renal function.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 166-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of CAG stimulating regimen for refractory adult early T cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) complicated with fusarium infection and the clinical features as well as antifungal strategy of cutaneous fusarium infection.Methods:The diagnosis and treatment of 1 adult patient diagnosed as ETP-ALL complicated with cutaneous fusarium infection in the First Hospital of Jilin University in September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and related literatures were reviewed.Results:VICP chemotherapy regimen showed no effectiveness in this patient who was presented with persistent agranulocytosis complicated with cutaneous fusariosis infection. After amphotericin B therapy for infection, he achieved the stable disease and successfully underwent CAG stimulating regimen salvage treatment. The minimal residual disease turned into negative after consolidation chemotherapy based on the myeloid regimen. Finally this patient survived from haploid allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after consolidation chemotherapy and fusarium was under the control by using posaconazole as secondary prevention therapy.Conclusions:CAG stimulating regimen can be recommended as reinduction therapy for relapsed/refractory ETP-ALL. Sequential therapy of amphotericin B followed by posaconazole can be a useful antifungal strategy for fusarium infection.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986815

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with small bowel tumors. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational study. We collected clinicopathological data of patients with primary jejunal or ileal tumors who had undergone small bowel resection in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University between January 2012 and September 2017. The inclusion criteria included: (1) older than 18 years; (2) had undergone small bowel resection; (3) primary location at jejunum or ileum; (4) postoperative pathological examination confirmed malignancy or malignant potential; and (5) complete clinicopathological and follow-up data. Patients with a history of previous or other concomitant malignancies and those who had undergone exploratory laparotomy with biopsy but no resection were excluded. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of included patients were analyzed. Results: The study cohort comprised 220 patients with small bowel tumors, 136 of which were classified as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), 47 as adenocarcinomas, and 35 as lymphomas. The median follow-up for all patient was 81.0 months (75.9-86.1). GISTs frequently manifested as gastrointestinal bleeding (61.0%, 83/136) and abdominal pain (38.2%, 52/136). In the patients with GISTs, the rates of lymph node and distant metastasis were 0.7% (1/136) and 11.8% (16/136), respectively. The median follow-up time was 81.0 (75.9-86.1) months. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.3%. Multivariate Cox regression-analysis results showed that distant metastasis was the only factor associated with OS of patients with GISTs (HR=23.639, 95% CI: 4.564-122.430, P<0.001). The main clinical manifestations of small bowel adenocarcinoma were abdominal pain (85.1%, 40/47), constipation/diarrhea (61.7%, 29/47), and weight loss (61.7%, 29/47). Rates of lymph node and distant metastasis in patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma were 53.2% (25/47) and 23.4% (11/47), respectively. The 3-year OS rate of patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma was 44.7%. Multivariate Cox regression-analysis results showed that distant metastasis (HR=4.018, 95%CI: 2.108-10.331, P<0.001) and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.291, 95% CI: 0.140-0.609, P=0.001) were independently associated with OS of patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. Small bowel lymphoma frequently manifested as abdominal pain (68.6%, 24/35) and constipation/diarrhea (31.4%, 11/35); 77.1% (27/35) of small bowel lymphomas were of B-cell origin. The 3-year OS rate of patients with small bowel lymphomas was 60.0%. T/NK cell lymphomas (HR= 6.598, 95% CI: 2.172-20.041, P<0.001) and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.119, 95% CI: 0.015-0.925, P=0.042) were independently associated with OS of patients with small bowel lymphoma. Small bowel GISTs have a better prognosis than small intestinal adenocarcinomas (P<0.001) or lymphomas (P<0.001), and small bowel lymphomas have a better prognosis than small bowel adenocarcinomas (P=0.035). Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of small intestinal tumor are non-specific. Small bowel GISTs are relatively indolent and have a good prognosis, whereas adenocarcinomas and lymphomas (especially T/NK-cell lymphomas) are highly malignant and have a poor prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy would likely improve the prognosis of patients with small bowel adenocarcinomas or lymphomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Intestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Duodenal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Lymphoma , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Constipation , Abdominal Pain , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 664-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986189

ABSTRACT

Malignant liver tumors have a high incidence and mortality rate. Therefore, it is of great significance to promptly learn about tumor advancement status through relevant examinations for patients' follow-up, diagnosis, and therapy as well as the improvement of the five-year survival rate. The primary lesions and intrahepatic metastases of malignant liver tumors have been better demonstrated in the clinical study with the use of various isotope-labeled fibroblast activating protein inhibitors because of their low uptake in liver tissues and high tumor/background ratio, which provides a new method for early diagnosis, precise staging, and radionuclide therapy. In light of this context, a review of the research progress of fibroblast-activating protein inhibitors for the diagnosis of liver malignant tumors is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Neoplasms
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the significance of E-cadherin and the association between E-cadherin methylation status and prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by examining the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and its gene methylation status in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children with ALL.@*METHODS@#The samples of 5 mL bone marrow blood were collected from 42 children with ALL who were diagnosed for the first time at diagnosis (pre-treatment group) and on day 33 of induction chemotherapy (post-treatment group). RT-qPCR, Western blot, and methylation-specific PCR were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and the methylation level of the E-cadherin gene. The changes in each index after induction chemotherapy were compared.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein expression levels of E-cadherin in the post-treatment group were significantly higher than those in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05), while the positive rate of E-cadherin gene methylation in the post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05). At the end of the test, the children with negative methylation had significantly higher overall survival rate and event-free survival rate than those with positive methylation (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#E-cadherin expression is associated with the development of ALL in children, and its decreased expression and increased methylation level may indicate a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cadherins/genetics , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970789

ABSTRACT

Head and neck cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors, and its primary treatment methods are mainly surgical treatment combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Perioperative pulmonary embolism is a fatal complication that may occur in patients after surgery. At the same time, there is few relevant studies about the postoperative pulmonary embolism in head and neck cancer, and Head and neck surgeons may not attach enough importance to it due to its low incidence. Therefore, a correct understanding of essential knowledge for pulmonary embolism control plays a vital role. This article reviews the diagnosis and development of postoperative pulmonary embolism's as well as diagnosis and treatment and the targeted therapy of thrombus, aiming to increase awareness and provide new ideas.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970611

ABSTRACT

Quality control is pivotal in the research and development of traditional Chinese medicine, whose connotation is not limi-ted to the qualitative or quantitative detection of an indicator component, but extends to the establishment of a whole process quality control system from the perspective of pharmaceutical product lifecycle management. This study discussed the quality control strategy of Chinese medicine based on the concept of pharmaceutical product lifecycle management, and proposed the following suggestions:(1) to focus on the "holistic view" and "phased" characteristics of quality control and strengthen the establishment of quality control strategy based on top-level design;(2) to strengthen the research on quality control of Chinese medicine based on quality risk management, focus on the correlations of quality control indicators with the safety and effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine, and establish a quality evaluation system consistent with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine;(3) to consider the characteristics of different registration classifications in the establishment of quality control strategy;(4) to highlight the quality correlation research, strengthen the quality transfer research, ensure the quality traceability, and establish a sound quality management system;(5) to strengthen the quality research on marketed drugs to achieve dynamic quality improvement.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Quality Control
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and potential mechanism of dihydromyricetin (Dmy) on H9C2 cell proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy.@*METHODS@#H9C2 cells were randomly divided into 7 groups, namely control, model, EV (empty pCDH-CMV-MCS-EF1-CopGFP-T2A-Puro vector), IV (circHIPK3 interference), Dmy (50 µ mol/L), Dmy+IV, and Dmy+EV groups. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectivley. Western blot was used to evaluate the levels of light chain 3 II/I (LC3II/I), phospho-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (p-PI3K), protein kinase B (p-AKT), and phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR). The level of circHIPK3 was determined using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes in H9C2 cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared to H9C2 cells, the expression of circHIPK in H9C2 hypoxia model cells increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared to the control group, the cell apoptosis and autophagosomes increased, cell proliferation rate decreased significantly, and the expression of LC3 II/I significantly increased (all P<0.05). Compared to the model group, the rate of apoptosis and autophagosomes in IV, Dmy, and Dmy+IV group decreased, the cell proliferation rate increased, and the expression of LC3 II/I decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Compared to the control group, the expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR in the model group significantly reduced (P<0.05), whereas after treatment with Dmy and sh-circHIPK3, the above situation was reversed (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dmy plays a protective role in H9C2 cells by inhibiting circHIPK expression and cell apoptosis and autophagy, and the mechanism may be related to PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of SFRP1 gene and its methylation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) .@*METHODS@#Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect the methylation status of SFRP1 gene in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 43 children with newly diagnosed ALL before chemotherapy (primary group) and when the bone marrow reached complete remission d 46 after induction of remission chemotherapy (remission group), the expression of SFRP1 mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), the expression of SFRP1 protein was detected by Western blot, and clinical data of children were collected, the clinical significance of SFRP1 gene methylation in children with ALL was analyze.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of SFRP1 gene promoter methylation in the primary group (44.19%) was significantly higher than that in the remission group (11.63%) (χ2=11.328, P<0.05). The relative expression levels of SFRP1 mRNA and protein in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children in the primary group were significantly lower than those in the remission group (P<0.05). Promoter methylation of SFRP1 gene was associated with risk level (χ2=15.613, P=0.000) and survival of children (χ2=6.561, P=0.010) in the primary group, children with SFRP1 hypermethylation had significantly increased risk and shortened event-free survival time, but no significant difference in other clinical data.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypermethylation of SFRP1 gene promoter may be involved in the development of childhood ALL, and its hypermethylation may be associated with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Clinical Relevance , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Bone Marrow/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Tongdu Tiaoshen (promoting the circulation of the governor vessel and regulating the spirit) electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on pyroptosis mediated by peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) of the cerebral cortex in rats with cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury (CIRI) and explore the potential mechanism of EA for the prevention and treatment of CIRI.@*METHODS@#A total of 110 clean-grade male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, an EA group, an EA + inhibitor group and an agonist group, 22 rats in each group. In the EA group, before modeling, EA was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/5 Hz in frequency, 1 to 2 mA in intensity, lasting 20 min; once a day, consecutively for 7 days. On the base of the intervention as the EA group, on the day 7, the intraperitoneal injection with the PPARγ inhibitor, GW9662 (10 mg/kg) was delivered in the EA + inhibitor group. In the agonist group, on the day 7, the PPARγ agonist, pioglitazone hydrochloride (10 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally. At the end of intervention, except the sham-operation group, the modified thread embolization method was adopted to establish the right CIRI model in the rats of the other groups. Using the score of the modified neurological severity score (mNSS), the neurological defect condition of rats was evaluated. TTC staining was adopted to detect the relative cerebral infarction volume of rat, TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis of cerebral cortical nerve cells and the transmission electron microscope was used to observe pyroptosis of cerebral cortical neural cells. The positive expression of PPARγ and nucleotide-binding to oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) in the cerebral cortex was detected with the immunofluorescence staining. The protein expression of PPARγ, NLRP3, cysteinyl aspartate specific protease-1 (caspase-1), gasdermin D (GSDMD) and GSDMD-N terminal (GSDMD-N) in the cerebral cortex was detected with Western blot. Using the quantitative real-time fluorescence-PCR, the mRNA expression of PPARγ, NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD of the cerebral cortex was detected. The contents of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 in the cerebral cortex of rats were determined by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the mNSS, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were increased (P<0.01), pyroptosis was severe, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARγ, NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD were elevated (P<0.01); and the protein expression of GSDMD-N and contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. When compared with the model group, the mNSS, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were decreased (P<0.01), pyroptosis was alleviated, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARγ were increased (P<0.01), the protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD were decreased (P<0.01), the protein expression of GSDMD-N was reduced (P<0.01); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were lower (P<0.01) in the EA group and the agonist group; while, in the EA + inhibitor group, the protein expression of PPARγ was increased (P<0.01), the protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3 and GSDMD were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), the mRNA expression of caspase-1 was reduced (P<0.01); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were lower (P<0.01). When compared with the EA + inhibitor group, the mNSS, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), pyroptosis was alleviated, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARγ were increased (P<0.01), the protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD were decreased (P<0.01), the protein expression of GSDMD-N was reduced (P<0.01); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were declined (P<0.01) in the EA group. Compared with the agonist group, in the EA group, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the mRNA expression of PPARγ was decreased (P<0.01) and the protein expression of GSDMD-N was elevated (P<0.05); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were higher (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongdu Tiaoshen EA pretreatment can attenuate the neurological impairment in the rats with CIRI, and the underlying mechanism is related to the up-regulation of PPARγ inducing the inhibition of NLRP3 in the cerebral cortex of rats so that pyroptosis is affected.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , PPAR gamma/genetics , Pyroptosis , Interleukin-18 , Electroacupuncture , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Cerebral Cortex , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Caspases , RNA, Messenger
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980736

ABSTRACT

Professor HAN Wei 's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen (promoting yang and regaining consciousness) for adolescent depressive disorder is introduced. It is believed that the internal causes of adolescent depressive disorder are mostly emotional and physical factors, while the external causes are mainly social factors, and yang-qi stagnation and emotional disorder are the key pathogenesis. The key of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen is warming and regulating the governor vessel. The governor vessel acupoints at head, neck and back are selected. At head, Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 24+) are selected; at neck, Fengfu (GV 16) and Dazhui (GV 14) are selected; at back, Taodao (GV 13), Shenzhu (GV 12), Shendao (GV 11), Zhiyang (GV 9) and Jinsuo (GV 8) are selected. The combination of disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation should be highly valued, and the moxibustion with Tongyang and acupuncture with Xingshen should be used simultaneously, and the strong stimulation is suggested.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Physical Examination , Depressive Disorder
19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 947-952, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973783

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a novel form of cell death that has been discovered in recent years and differs markedly from previously known cell death. The mechanism of ferroptosis is the inactivation of glutathione peroxidase(GPX)and the accumulation of lethal intracellular lipid peroxides that occur on the basis of cellular iron overload. Changes such as cell membrane rupture, mitochondrial crest reduction, and outer mitochondrial membrane shrinkage rupture can be observed under electron microscopy. Current studies have found that many diseases in ophthalmology involve ferroptosis-related processes such as iron overload, the imbalance of redox homeostasis, the inactivation of GPX, and accumulation of lethal levels of lipid hydroperoxides, which identified the important role of ferroptosis in ocular disease. This review focuses on the mechanism of ferroptosis and its role in corneal injury, cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, which helps to sort out the pathological mechanisms of common ocular diseases and provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of ocular diseases.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973642

ABSTRACT

As a source of traffic-related air pollution, diesel particulate matter (DPM) associate with a variety of lung-related diseases, but there is no systematic review of the relationship between DPM and the development and progression of asthma. This article reviewed the relationship between DPM and asthma, the effect and mechanism of DPM on airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma, and illustrated that DPM exposure may participate in airway inflammation and remodeling through oxidative stress, immune regulation and regulation of lung and intestinal microecology, so as to promote the development and progression of asthma.

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