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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879037

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878986

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to solve the problems of complicated-unstable test solution preparation process and insufficient extraction of the active ingredient astragaloside Ⅳ in the legal method for the determination of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix. The continuous single-factor analysis of seven main factors affecting the content of astragaloside Ⅳ was carried out by HPLC-ELSD, and then the pre-paration method of test solution was optimized. This optimized method exhibited excellent performance in precision, repeatability and stability. The average recovery rate of astragaloside Ⅳ was 99.65% with RSD 2.2%. Astragaloside Ⅳ showed a good linearity between the logarithm of peak area and the logarithm of injection quantity in the range of 0.46-9.1 μg(r=0.999 6). The contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in 29 batches of Astragali Radix were determined by the new and the legal methods. The results showed that the average content of astragaloside Ⅳ in these Astragali Radix samples determined by the former method was 1.458 times than that of the latter one, indicating the new method was simple, reliable and more adequate to extract target compound. According to the results, it is suggested to improve the content standard of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix in the new edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Saponins , Triterpenes/analysis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the imaging features of focus of knee joint tendon in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) technique.@*METHODS@#One hundred KOA patients and 100 healthy subjects were included. All the KOA patients were palpated by the sequence of foot @*RESULTS@#The top-5 focus of knee tendon of KOA patients were located in medial inferior patella, medial tibial condyle, inferior patella, Zusanlici and Hedingci. The thickness of ligaments and tendons in extension and flexion positions in KOA patients were thicker than that in healthy subjects (@*CONCLUSION@#The focus of knee joint tendon in KOA patients shows significantly thickened musculoskeletal imaging features.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837460

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effect of bulk-fill composite resin combined with transparent preformed crowns for aesthetic restoration of deciduous incisor of children.@*Methods@#A predesigned clinical prospective randomized controlled research method was used to select 90 patients (123 teeth). The random number table method was divided into three groups: A, B, and C. Group A was treated with a bulk-fill composite resin of SF (SonicFill) combined with a transparent preformed crown (41 teeth in 30 cases), and group B was treated with a large block of Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill Composite resin combined with transparent preformed crowns (39 teeth in 29 cases). Group C was treated with 3M Z350 XT universal nano resin combined with transparent preformed crowns (43 teeth in 31 cases). The visual analog scale (VAS) and the modified USPHS standard were used to evaluate the completeness, marginal steps, marginal discoloration, surface condition, secondary caries and satisfaction of the parents with prostheses after 12 months.@*Results @#Twelve months after the operation, the evaluation indexes of group A were better than those of group B and group C, and the differences were statistically significant, including edge integrity (χ2=10.847, P=0.028), edge step (χ2=7.799, P=0.020), edge discoloration (χ2=10.391, P=0.034), surface state (χ2=11.476, P=0.021), and secondary caries (χ2=10.447, P=0.034). The satisfaction of parents in group A on the overall contour (χ2=10.238, P=0.037), shape and texture (χ2=11.521, P=0.021) were better than those in group B and group C, and the differences were statistically significant. There was no significant difference in the evaluation of color satisfaction among the three groups (χ2=0.990, P=0.610).@* Conclusion@#SonicFill bulk-fill composite resin combined with transparent preformed crown is good for short-term aesthetic restoration of deciduous incisor, and parental satisfaction is high.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882027

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk after transmission interruption in Hubei Province, so as to provide insights into the precise control of schistosomiasis. Methods The indicator system was preliminarily established based on data collection, literature review, expert interviews. Two rounds of expert consultation were performed. The indicator system was screened based on the importance, operability, sensitivity and comprehensive score of the indicators, and the weights of each indicator were calculated. The credibility of the Delphi method was evaluated by calculating the active coefficient of the experts, degree of expert authority and coordination levels of experts’ opinions. Results An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk was preliminarily established, including 3 primary indicators, 12 secondary indicators and 44 tertiary indicators. A Delphi consultation was performed among 17 experts participating in schistosomiasis control, management and research. Following two rounds of consultation, a risk assessment indicator system was finally constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 10 secondary indicators and 35 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, the variable with the highest normalized weight was the current status of schistosomiasis (0.420 2), followed by social factors (0.397 3) and natural environments (0.182 5). Among the secondary indicators, those with high combined weights included risk monitoring (0.142 3), current snail status (0.140 1), and current prevalence of human and livestock infections (0.137 8). Among the tertiary indicators, those with high combined weights included the positive rate of wild feces (0.049 8), the prevalence of snail infections (0.047 4), and the area of snail habitats submerged by floods (0.046 8). During the two-round consultation, the active coefficients of the experts were 85.00% and 100.00%, the degree of expert authority was both 0.75 and greater, and the coordination levels of experts’ opinions were 0.405 to 0.521 and 0.592 to 0.695 (all P values < 0.05). Conclusion An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk is successfully established after transmission interruption in Hubei Province based on the Delphi method, which provides insights into the identification of the schistosomiasis transmission risk and the targets for schistosomiasis control in Hubei Province.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory role of long non-coding RNA Kcnq1ot1 in osteoclast differentiation, osteogenic differentiation and osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#The expression of lnc-Kcnq1ot1, Bglap, Runx2, Alp, Bsp, Nfatc1, Mmp9, Ctsk and Oscar were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) in the femoral bones from mouse models of postmenopausal osteoporosis (ovariectomized mice, @*RESULTS@#The expression of lnc-Kcnq1ot1 was significantly upregulated during osteoblast differentiation but downregulated in the bone tissues of osteoporotic mice and during osteoclast differentiation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data demonstrate that lnc-Kcnq1ot1 promotes osteogenic differentiation and alleviates osteoclast differentiation, suggesting the potential of lnc-Kcnq1ot1 as a therapeutic target against osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Mice , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 391-402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873787

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic non-specific inflammatory bowel disease, listed as a modern refractory disease by the World Health Organization, which is difficult to recover, whereas it is easy to be attacked repeatedly. UC pathogenesis is closely related to gut microbiota dysbiosis. The gut microbiota interacts with bile acids (BAs), short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), tryptophan, and other metabolism, immune system, intestinal barrier, etc., which regulate each other and affect the occurrence and development of UC. The active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), single herb and its extracts, and formulae can effectively alleviate UC symptoms by regulating the diversity, structure, composition, and metabolites of gut microbiota. In this review, the TCM based on the regulation of gut microbiota in the treatment of UC and its related mechanism for nearly three years was summarized.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2953-2962, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Myocardial infarction occurs due to insufficient (ischemia) blood supply to heart for long time; plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is a long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including heart disease; However, few studies have explored its role. The present study evaluated the effects of lncRNA PVT1 on hypoxic rat H9c2 cells.@*METHODS@#Hypoxic injury was examined by measuring cell viability and apoptosis by using cell counting kit-8 activity and flow cytometry assays. Gene expressions after hypoxia were estimated by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and the signaling pathway were explored by Western blot analysis. RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays were applied to examine the interactions among genes. Data were analyzed using t-test with one-way or two-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#The lncRNA PVT1 is up-regulated in hypoxia-stressed H9c2 cells and knockdown of PVT1 mitigates hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells. PVT1 acts as a sponge for miR-135a-5p and knockdown of PVT1 attenuated the increased hypoxia-induced injury by up-regulating miR-135a-5p. Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) was identified as a target of miR-135a-5p, and the expression was negatively regulated by miR-135a-5p. The exploration of the underlying mechanism demonstrated that knockdown of FOXO1 reversed PVT1/miR-135a-5p mediated hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PVT1 plays a crucial role in hypoxia-injured H9c2 cells through sponging miR-135a-5p and then positively regulating FOXO1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia , MicroRNAs/genetics , Myocytes, Cardiac , Plasmacytoma , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Rats
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828057

ABSTRACT

Depression is a kind of mental disease with main symptoms of low mood and lack of pleasure, which seriously endangers human health. An appropriate depressive animal model is of great significance for the study of depression and new antidepressant drugs, while the suitable selection and matching of experimental animals, modeling methods and evaluation indexes are critical to eva-luate the scientificity and effectiveness of the depressive animal model. The study advance of depressive animal models in the aspects of experimental animal selection, modeling principle and method, characteristics, evaluation indexes and their application in traditional Chinese medicine are summarized through the systematic review of relevant literatures in PubMed, CNKI and other databases. The depressive animal modeling methods utilized in recent studies include stress, glucocorticoid induction, reserpine induction, lipopolysaccharide induction, surgical modeling, gene knockout, joint application modeling methods. Stress method is better to simulate the depressive symptoms of clinical patients, whereas there are some deficiencies, such as long modeling time and large cost. The depressive animal models induced by glucocorticoid, reserpine and lipopolysaccharide have the advantages of short modeling time and good controllability, but with a poor reliability. The pathogenesis of surgical modeling is highly matched with that of clinical depressive patients, whereas it has the defect of long postoperative recovery period. Gene knockout models can be used to study the precise role of specific genes in depression. However, its applicability may be restricted in studies on depression. The joint application modeling method can improve its reliability and accuracy, and attracts more and more attention. This paper provides a reference for the selection of animal models in future studies of pathological mechanism of depression, and screening and evaluation of antidepressant drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antidepressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Depression , Disease Models, Animal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mental Disorders , Drug Therapy , Reproducibility of Results
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827975

ABSTRACT

Taking Lonicerae Japonicae Flos as an example, the method of "expert consensus of different regions" was used to screen the representative samples and evaluate their commodity grades. The correlation analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) of "commodity grade-appearance characteristic-component content" were carried out to reveal the scientificity of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material. By referring to the existing literature and the grade investigation from the sample collection regions, 78 "initial grade" samples were screened out from 118 collected samples. Authoritative experts from four regions(n=4) including Linyi(Shangdong province), Bozhou(Anhui province), Anguo(Hebei province) and Beijing were organized to evaluate their commodity grades, separately. Based on the grade consistency rate(R_i≥70%), 69 "local grade" samples were screened out from the "initial grade" samples. Based on the average grade consistency rate ■ "authoritative grade" samples were screened out from the "local grade" samples, including15 first-grade samples, 9 second-grade samples, 11 third-grade samples and 17 fourth-grade samples. For these "authoritative grade" samples, the main appea-rance characteristics were quantified and the contents of 13 components were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). Furthermore, the total contents of 6 phenolic acids, 4 flavonoids and 3 iridoids were calculated, respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed that 4 appearance characteristics indices were correlated with the commodity grades: color, rate of yellow bars(including blooming flowers), rate of black heads(including black bars), and rate of stems and leaves(including bud debris). Five component content indices were correlated with the commodity grades: chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C, sweroside, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids. Furthermore, chlorogenic acid, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids showed significantly negative correlation with the main appearance characteristics, indicating that the appearance characteristics of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos can reflect its internal quality, and these 3 indices can be used as quality markers(Q-markers). The results of hierarchical cluster analysis showed that the samples of four grades were classified into four categories, and the samples with the same grades and the same categories accounted for 80.8% of the total samples, while the samples with the different grades were obviously classified into different categories. The results of PLS-DA analysis showed that the samples of different grades showed obvious intragroup aggregation and intergroup dispersion. The above results indicated that it was feasible to evaluate the traditional commodity grade of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by the method of "expert consensus of different regions". For the evaluation of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material, the samples should be representative, expert conclusions should have enough consensuses, and grade determination should be authoritative. As the crystallization of clinical experience, traditional commodity grade can scientifically reflect the internal quality of Chinese medicinal material.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flowers , Lonicera , Quality Control
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1659-1671, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826811

ABSTRACT

To construct TeI3c/4c-based and temperature-inducible gene inactivation system (Thermotargetron) and to apply it to gene inactivation of mesophilic bacteria. The subunit of flagellum (fliC) and C4 dicarboxylate orotate:H⁺ symporter (dctA) genes were chosen as targets in the genome of Escherichia coli HMS174 (DE3) strain. According to recognition roles of TeI3c/4c intron, the fliC489a, fliC828s, fliC1038s and dctA2a sites were chosen as target sites. Gene-targeting plasmids were constructed based on pHK-TT1A by using overlap PCR method and transformed into HMS174 cells. An aliquot mid-log phase cultures of the transformants were shocked at 48 °C and plated on LB plate (containing chloramphenicol). Afterwards, gene mutants were screened by using colony PCR and DNA sequencing. After the mutants were obtained, the phenotypes of ΔfliC and ΔdctA gene mutants were characterized by using agar puncture and carbon metabolism experiments. Colony PCR and sequencing results show that TeI3c/4c intron was inserted in the designed sites of fliC and dctA genes. The gene-targeting efficiency of Thermotargetron system was 100%. Phenotype verification experiments of the mutants demonstrated that the cell motility of all ΔfliC mutants was damaged and the malate assimilation ability of ΔdctA mutant was deprived comparing to wild-type HMS174 strain. In our study, a temperature-inducible and high-efficiency gene inactivation system was established for mesophilic bacteria. This system could achieve high efficiency and precise gene inactivation by modulation of the incubation duration of the transformants at 48 °C.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on labor pain.@*METHODS@#A total of 151 primiparas who were vaginal delivery were randomized into a TEAS group (76 cases) and a peridural group (75 cases). In the peridural group, peridural blockage was applied to analgesia. In the TEAS group, TEAS was applied at Hegu (LI 4),Neiguan (PC 6), Jiaji T~L (EX-B 2) and Ciliao (BL 32), disperse-dense wave (2 Hz/100 Hz), 15-50 mA in current intensity. The analgesic time was from 3 cm to completely opening of cervix. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before analgesia, after 30, 60, 120 min of analgesia in the two groups. The time of different stages of labor, usage rate of oxytocin, incidence rate of adverse reaction and amount of postpartum hemorrhage were recorded. The newborn's 1 and 5 min Apgar scores were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores showed a downward trend in the two groups after analgesia (0.05). The usage rate of oxytocin and incidence rate of adverse reaction in the TEAS group were 9.2% (7/76) and 2.6% (2/76), which were lower than 34.7% (26/75) and 18.7% (14/75) in the peridural group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The analgesic effect of TEAS is inferior to peridural blockage, but TEAS could relieve labor pain to the tolerance, shorten the time of active phase on the first stage and second stage of labor and reduce the use of oxytocin, has mild adverse reaction.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Analgesia , Methods , Analgesics , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Labor Pain , Therapeutics , Pregnancy , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the occurrence characteristics, rules and causes of adverse drug reactions (ADR) of traditional Chinese medicine injections, and to provide a basis for guiding clinical safe and reasonable medication.Methods:From February 2011 to February 2020, the 2 575 cases of ADR of traditional Chinese medicine injections which were collected and reported by Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Center of Huainan were statistically analyzed by using the functions such as EXCEL pivot table and automatic Σ.Results:The high incidence of Chinese medicine injection ADR was >40-80 years old, accounting for 78.2% (2014/2 575). The remaining age group accounted for 21.8% (561/2 575). ADR types: 2.0% (52/2 575) of severe types, 98.0% (2523/2 575) of general types, and 26.5% (683/2 575) of new ones.ADR involved 68 varieties of traditional Chinese medicine injections, and the top 10 ADR reports accounted for 53.5% (1378/2 575). Among them, Shenmai injection caused the most ADR, accounting for 14.5% (372/2 575). The clinical manifestations of skin and its appendages ranked first, accounting for 31.8% (995/3 127), followed by systemic damage, accounting for 24.6% (769/3 127).Conclusion:The occurrence of ADR of traditional Chinese medicine injection may be related to factors such as the patients’ age, medication variety, unreasonable medication, complex Chinese medicine composition, impurities, related substances, solubilizing excipients, and incomplete safety information in the drug manual.ADR monitoring of traditional Chinese medicine injections should be strengthened, in particular, severe ADR monitoring and early warning should be strengthened, strictly follow the principle of reasonable medication, and implement treatment based on syndrome differentiation, reduce the occurrence of ADR, and ensure the safety of medication.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the occurrence, characteristics, laws and influencing factors of adverse drug reactions (ADR), so as to provide basis for guiding clinical safe and rational drug use and improving monitoring work.Methods:Using EXCEL PivotTable, automatic σand other functions, 33 745 ADR reports in Huainan ADR monitoring system from 2015 to 2019 were statistically analyzed.Results:ADR 72.4% came from medical institutions (24 446/33 745), and 27.6% came from drug marketing license holders, operating companies and individuals (9 299/33 745). The age group with high incidence of ADR was >40-70 years old, accounting for 54.6% (18 430/33 745); the remaining age group accounted for 45.4% (15 315/33 745). Type of report: serious accounted for 1.8% (619/33 745), general accounted for 98.2% (33 126/33 745), and new accounted for 24.8% (8 362/33 745). Involved 88 types of pharmaceutical dosage forms, injections had the most ADR, accounting for 52.5% (17 710/33 745), and the incidence of intravenous ADR accounted for 50.0% (16 873/33 745). Among the top 20 ADR reports, 13 anti-infective drugs accounted for 65.0%.Conclusion:The occurrence of ADR is related to the patients' age, dosage form, route of administration and variety of drugs.We should strengthen ADR monitoring of anti-infective drugs and intravenous routes of administration, strengthen monitoring and early warning of serious ADR, strictly follow the principle of rational drug use, use antibiotics rationally, reduce ADR occurrence and ensure drug safety.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 801-804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of children's fluorosis in the coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis areas (abbreviated as coal-burning fluorosis) in Suojia Miao, Yi and Hui Township (Suojia Township for short) in Liuzhi Tequ, Guizhou Province, and to provide scientific basis for formulating prevention and control strategies and measures.Methods:In 2019, the cluster sampling method was adopted to select children aged 8-12 years old from 6 primary schools in Suojia Township, Liuzhi Tequ, Guizhou Province to conduct a questionnaire survey to collect basic information, and perform dental fluorosis examination and indexing in accordance with the "Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis" standards. Immediate urine samples were collected from children in April and October, and urinary fluoride content was determined by ion selective electrode method.Results:A total of 1 381 children aged 8-12 years old were investigated, aged (9.84 ± 1.38) years old, including 679 boys and 702 girls. A total of 625 children with dental fluorosis were detected, and the detection rate was 45.26%; the dental fluorosis index was 1.00, and the prevalence intensity was moderate; the main score of dental fluorosis was extremely mild, accounting for 37.00% (511/1 381). The detection rates of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 to 12 years old were 35.10% (106/302), 35.83% (115/321), 47.96% (129/269), 55.23% (153/277), and 57.55% (122/212), respectively; the difference between different ages was statistically significant (χ 2 = 48.949, P < 0.01), and the detection rate of dental fluorosis in children increased with age(χ 2trend = 45.254, P < 0.01).The detection rates of dental fluorosis in boys and girls were 43.59% (296/679) and 46.87% (329/702), respectively, and there was no significant difference between different genders (χ 2 = 1.492, P > 0.05). In April and October, 123 and 107 urine samples of children aged 8-12 years old were tested. The geometric mean of urinary fluoride was 1.55 and 0.47 mg/L, respectively. The urinary fluoride level in April was higher than the normal range (< 1.40 mg/L). Conclusions:Suojia Township in Liuzhi Tequ of Guizhou Province is still a fluorosis area, and there is a big difference in urinary fluorine level in different months, which indicates that the residents in this area may have intermittent high fluorine intake, and prevention and control of endemic fluorosis should be further strengthened.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881040

ABSTRACT

As a representative drug for the treatment of severe community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis, Xuebijing (XBJ) injection is also one of the recommended drugs for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but its treatment mechanism for COVID-19 is still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential mechanism of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19 employing network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The corresponding target genes of 45 main active ingredients in XBJ injection and COVID-19 were obtained by using multiple database retrieval and literature mining. 102 overlapping targets of them were screened as the core targets for analysis. Then built the PPI network, TCM-compound-target-disease, and disease-target-pathway networks with the help of Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. After that, utilized DAVID to perform gene ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis to predict the action mechanism of overlapping targets. Finally, by applying molecular docking technology, all compounds were docked with COVID-19 3 CL protease(3CLpro), spike protein (S protein), and angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE2). The results indicated that quercetin, luteolin, apigenin and other compounds in XBJ injection could affect TNF, MAPK1, IL6 and other overlapping targets. Meanwhile, anhydrosafflor yellow B (AHSYB), salvianolic acid B (SAB), and rutin could combine with COVID-19 crucial proteins, and then played the role of anti-inflammatory, antiviral and immune response to treat COVID-19. This study revealed the multiple active components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19, which provided a new perspective for the study of the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Biological Availability , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Molecular Docking Simulation/methods , Protein Interaction Mapping/methods , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817642

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the expression of FosB in invasive breast cancer and its correlation to the ultrasound findings and clinical significance.【Methods】Immunohistochemical and ultrasound examination were performed for 155 cases with invasive breast cancer,36 cases with paracancerous tissue and 30 cases with normal breast tissue. To investigate the correlations between the different expression of FosB with histological grade ,lymph nodes,and ultrasound findings.【Results】①The expression of FosB in paracancerous tissue and normal breast tissue was higher than that in invasive breast cancer(P<0.01). ②Based on immunohistochemical staining,high positive expression rate of FosB was associated with low histological grade,ER positive and PR positive(P<0.05). There was no correlation between FosB and age,tumor diameter,lymph nodes,Her2 and clinical stages(P>0.05)③The expression of FosB was higher in microcalcification positive and lymph nodes bigger tissues(P<0.05). There was no correlation between FosB and tumor size, regular shape,boundary,posterior attenuation ratio and blood flow(P>0.05).【Conclusion】The expression of FosB in invasive breast cancer was lower than that in paracancerous tissue and normal breast tissue. The different expression of FosB was correlated with histological grade,ER positive and PR positive. To study the expression of FosB in invasive breast cancer may be helpful for differential diagnosis and targeted treatment. The different expression of FosB was correlated with microcalcification,lymph nodes,and combined FosB with ultrasound findings may contribute to prognostic evaluation of breast cancer.

18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1347-1350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781782

ABSTRACT

The current usage and the existing problems in the implementability of clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture-moxibustion were investigated by questionnaire survey, aiming to provide reference for the development or update of clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture-moxibustion in the future. The results showed most of the acupuncture-moxibustion clinicians did not have a deep understanding of the guidelines, but they had a strong will of uniform standards and related guidelines. Although the published clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture-moxibustion achieved some success, they still had not got rid of the shackles of the previous textbook. The main existing problems in the guidelines included insufficient promotion, poor credibility, no evaluation criteria for curative effect, and lack of consideration for patients' will, etc. As the guidelines for acupuncture-moxibustion were based on the latest evidence of current clinical research, it reflected the low quality of current clinical research on acupuncture-moxibustion and lacking of evidence-based concept among acupuncture-moxibustion clinicians. The implementability of clinical practice guidelines is a key step in evidence-based translational medicine, while the research on the implementability of acupuncture-moxibustion guidelines is still blank. More attention should be paid to this field in the future.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Humans , Moxibustion , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform a review and data analysis of the pediatric projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China from 2009 to 2018, and to investigate the changes in key support areas, research interest, and research hotspots in pediatrics.@*METHODS@#The database of National Natural Science Foundation of China was searched to screen out pediatric research projects in 2009-2018, and the changes in funding intensity and research direction were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#From 2009 to 2018, a total of 1 017 pediatric projects were funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China, with 485 (47.69%) General Projects, 426 (41.89%) Youth Fund Projects, 73 (7.18%) Regional Research Programs, 16 (1.57%) Key Programs, 6 (0.59%) Outstanding Youth Fund Projects, 7 (0.69%) Overseas Programs, and 4 (0.39%) other programs. There was a seven-fold increase in the total amount of subsidies, which increased from 8.42 million yuan in 2009 to 66.25 million yuan in 2018. The projects with the Primary Discipline Code of reproductive system/perinatology/neonatology, nervous system and mental illness, or circulatory system received the highest amount of fund.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The support of pediatric projects by National Natural Science Foundation of China continues to increase in the past ten years, and the main types of projects are General Projects and Youth Fund Projects. Neonatology, nervous system/mental illness, and circulatory diseases are the main directions of funded projects.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China , Financial Management , Foundations , Humans , Natural Science Disciplines , Neonatology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781661

ABSTRACT

To explore the molecular mechanism underlying gastric carcinogenesis and progression by using gene expression profiling array together with bioinformatics. Lentivirus short hairpin RNA targeting STIL(ShSTIL)and scrambled sequence RNA(ShCon)were transduced into the gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901.RNA extraction,complementary DNA synthesis,construction of biotin-labelled amplified RNA probes,and hybridization with gene expression profile were consecutively performed.We collected corresponding data and analyzed differentially expressing genes(DEGs),followed by the analysis of gene ontology(GO)and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG)enrichment,transcription factor regulating network,and protein-protein interacting networks. Compared with ShCon,a total of 417 and 87 genes were respectively down-regulated and up-regulated,respectively,in the ShSTIL group(1 or <-1).GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that genes regulated by STIL were localized in cytoplasm,extracellular exosome,Golgi apparatus and various biomembranes,and were implicated in the ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis,P53 signaling pathway,and pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells.Evaluation on genes enriched in KEGG pathways,regulation of transcription factors,and protein-protein interacting network demonstrated that IGF1R,STUB1,SKP2,and FOXO1 were localized at the centre of the network and played a key role in the development and progression of gastric cancer. Through the protein-protein interactions,STIL may activate E3 ubiquitin ligase STUB1 or SKP2,promote the proteolysis of FOXO1-a transcription factor,regulate the expression of IGF1R,and thus promote gastric carcinogenesis and progression.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Ontology , Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Transcriptome
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