Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 809
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936425

ABSTRACT

Objective To classify and identify the 53 strains of non-polio enterovirus (NPEV) isolated from acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases in Chongqing from 2013 to 2020, and to investigate the genotype distribution of the strains. Methods Commercial real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) reagents were used for rapid identification of the strains. The nucleotide sequences of VP1 and VP4 regions were used for genotyping. Results Fifty enteroviruses were identified, 33 (66%) in group A and 17 (34%) in group B. Group C and D enteroviruses were not found in these strains,and 3 strains could not be identified. In this study, EV-A71 was the dominant type, with 11 strains (22%), but EV-A71 strain was not isolated since 2016. The sequences of VP4 region and VP1 region were completely consistent in enterovirus grouping. Conclusion When using commercial real-time PCR reagents for enterovirus typing, the identification results of high CT values may be inaccurate. In the genotyping of enterovirus, the nucleotide sequence of VP4 region is first used for grouping, and then the nucleotide sequence of VP1 region is used for genotyping, which could simplify the experimental process. NPEV isolates from AFP cases in Chongqing showed poor genotype diversity. In order to enrich and improve the enterovirus gene database in Chongqing, it is necessary to carry out research on enterovirus transmitted by respiratory tract.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936192

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on proliferation and hormone secretion of parathyroid cells in votro. Methods: The parathyroid cells and ADMSCs were obtained from 10 SD rats by cell separation and culture. The phenotype of P3 generation for ADMSCs was detected by flow cytometry. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs was conducted in the ratios of 2∶1, 1∶1, 1∶2 and 1∶5, respectively. The level of parathyroid hormone in cell supernatant was determined. The results were compared with the parathyroid hormone in the supernatant of parathyroid cells cultured separately in the corresponding number. The effects of ADMSCs on the hormone secretion of parathyroid cells were evaluated. SPSS 11.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The primary culture of either parathyroid cells or ADMSCs and the co-culture of these cells in vitro were performed successfully, and the in vitro culture of different proportions of the two cells showed different effects on parathyroid hormone secretion. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs, especially in the ratio of 1∶5, facilitated the secretion of parathyroid hormone ((1.3±0.0) vs. (0.8±0.1), (1.3±0.0) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.5) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.0) vs. (1.2±0.2))ng/L with t value of 25.46, 64.30, 3.32, 7.16, P<0.05 on the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th days respectively. Secondly, when the ratio was 1∶2, the PTH level showed an upward trend. Conclusion: Parathyroid cells and ADMSCs can be co-cultured in vitro, facilitating the secretion of parathyroid hormone under the appropriate cell proportion such as the ratio of by parathyroid cells to ADMSCs at 1∶5.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Coculture Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of Pollard' s classification criteria(2010) for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients withfibromyalgia (FM) in Chinese patients, and to assess the clinical features and psychological status of RA-FM patients in a real-world observational setting.@*METHODS@#Two hundred and two patients with rheumatoid arthritis were enrolled from the outpatients in Rheumatology and Immunology Department in Peking University People' s Hospital. All the patients were evaluated whether incorporating fibromyalgia translation occured using the 1990 American College of Rheumatolgy (ACR)-FM classification criteria. Forty two RA patients were concomitant with FM, while the other one hundred and sixty RA patients without FM were set as the control group.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in general demography between the two groups (P>0.05). In this study, the Pollard' s classification criteria (2010) for RA-FM in Chinese patients had a high sensitivity of 95.2% and relatively low specificity of 52.6%. Compared with those patients without FM, RA patients with FM (RA-FM patients) had higher Disease Activity Scale in 28 joints (DAS-28) score (5.95 vs. 4.38, P=0.011) and much more 28-tender joint counts (TJC) (16.5 vs.4.5, P < 0.001).RA-FM patients had worse Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score (1.24 vs. 0.66, P < 0.001) and lower SF-36 (28.63 vs. 58.22, P < 0.001). Fatigue was more common in RA-FM patients (88. 1% vs. 50.6%, P < 0.001) and the degree of fatigue was significantly increased in RA-FM patients (fatigue VAS 5.55 vs. 3.55, P < 0.001). RA-FM patients also had higher anxiety (10 vs.4, P < 0.001) and depression scores (12 vs.6, P < 0.001). erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), morning stiffness time and 28-swollen joint counts (SJC) showed no difference between these two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The Pollard' s classification criteria (2010) for RA-FM are feasible in Chinese rheumatoid arthritis patients. The Pollard' s classification criteria is highly sensitive in clinical application, while the relativelylow specificity indicates that various factors need to be considered in combination. RA patients with FM result in higher disease activity, worse function aland psychological status. RA patients with FM also have poorer quality of life. DAS-28 scores may be overestimated in RA patients with FM. In a RA patient thatdoes not reach remission, the possibility of fibromyalgia should be con-sidered.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Humans , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2417-2428, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929405

ABSTRACT

Glycosite-specific antibody‒drug conjugatess (gsADCs), harnessing Asn297 N-glycan of IgG Fc as the conjugation site for drug payloads, usually require multi-step glycoengineering with two or more enzymes, which limits the substrate diversification and complicates the preparation process. Herein, we report a series of novel disaccharide-based substrates, which reprogram the IgG glycoengineering to one-step synthesis of gsADCs, catalyzed by an endo-N-acetylglucosaminidase (ENGase) of Endo-S2. IgG glycoengineering via ENGases usually has two steps: deglycosylation by wild-type (WT) ENGases and transglycosylation by mutated ENGases. But in the current method, we have found that disaccharide LacNAc oxazoline can be efficiently assembled onto IgG by WT Endo-S2 without hydrolysis of the product, which enables the one-step glycoengineering directly from native antibodies. Further studies on substrate specificity revealed that this approach has excellent tolerance on various modification of 6-Gal motif of LacNAc. Within 1 h, one-step synthesis of gsADC was achieved using the LacNAc-toxin substrates including structures free of bioorthogonal groups. These gsADCs demonstrated good homogeneity, buffer stability, in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activity. This work presents a novel strategy using LacNAc-based substrates to reprogram the multi-step IgG glycoengineering to a one-step manner for highly efficient synthesis of gsADCs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943039

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the experience of patients in the implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) strategy after radical gastrectomy and the factors affecting the treatment experience. Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out. Patients who were diagnosed with gastric cancer by pathology and underwent radical gastrectomy at the Xijing Digestive Disease Hospital from December 2019 to December 2020 were consecutively enrolled. Those who received emergency surgery, residual gastric cancer surgery, preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy, non-curative tumor resection, intraperitoneal metastasis, or other malignant tumors were excluded. Patients' expectation and experience during implementation were investigated by questionnaires. The questionnaire included three main parts: patients' expectation for ERAS, patients' experience during the ERAS implementation, and patients' outcomes within 30 days after discharge. The items on the expectation and experience were ranked from 0 to 10 by patients, which indicated to be unsatisfied/unimportant and satisfied/important respectively. According to their attitudes towards the ERAS strategy, patients were divided into the support group and the reject group. Patients' expectation and experience of hospital stay, and the clinical outcomes within 30 days after discharge were compared between the two groups. Categorical data were reported as number with percentage and the quantitative data were reported as mean with standard deviation, or where appropriate, as the median with interquartile range (Q1, Q3). Categorical data were compared using the Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test, where appropriate. For continuous data, Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used. Complication was classified according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: Of the included 112 patients (88 males and 24 females), aged (57.8±10.0) years, 35 patients (31.3%) were in the support group and 77 (68.7%) in the reject group. Anxiety was detected in 56.2% (63/112) of the patients with score >8. The admission education during the ERAS implementation improved the patients' cognitions of the ERAS strategy [M(Q1, Q3) score: 8 (4, 10) vs. 2 (0, 5), Z=-7.130, P<0.001]. The expected hospital stay of patients was longer than the actual stay [7 (7, 10) days vs. 6 (6, 7) days, Z=-4.800, P<0.001]. During the ERAS implementation, patients had low score in early mobilization [3 (1, 6)] and early oral intake [5 (2.25, 8)]. Fifty-eight (51.8%) patients planned the ERAS implementation at home after discharge, while 32.1% (36/112) preferred to stay in hospital until they felt totally recovered. Compared with the reject group, the support group had shorter expected hospital stay [7 (6, 10) days vs. 10 (7, 15) days, Z=-2.607, P=0.009], and higher expected recovery-efficiency score [9 (8, 10) vs. 7(5, 9), Z=-3.078, P=0.002], lower expected less-pain score [8 (6, 10) vs. 6 (5, 9) days, Z=-1.996, P=0.046], expected faster recovery of physical strength score [8 (6, 10) vs. 6 (4, 9), Z=-2.200, P=0.028] and expected less drainage tube score [8 (8, 10) vs. 8 (5, 10), Z=-2.075, P=0.038]. Worrying about complications (49.1%) and self-recognition of not recovery (46.4%) were the major concerns when assessing the experience toward ERAS. During the follow-up, 105 patients received follow-up calls. There were 57.1% (60/105) of patients who experienced a variety of discomforts after discharge, including pain (28.6%), bloating (20.0%), nausea (12.4%), fatigue (7.6%), and fever (2.9%). Within 30 days after discharge, 6.7% (7/105) of patients developed Clavien-Dindo level I and II operation-associated complications, including poor wound healing, intestinal obstruction, intraperitoneal bleeding, and wound infection, all of which were cured by conservative treatment. There were no complications of level III or above in the whole group after surgery. Compared with the support group, more patients in the reject group reported that they had not yet achieved self-expected recovery when discharged [57.1% (44/77) vs. 22.9% (8/35), χ2=11.372, P<0.001], and expected to return to their daily lives [39.0% (30/77) vs. 8.6% (3/35), χ2=10.693, P<0.001], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Only 52.4% (55/105) of patients returned home to continue rehabilitation, and the remaining patients chose to go to other hospitals to continue their hospitalization after discharge, with a median length of stay of 7 (7, 9) days. Compared with the reject group, the support group had a higher proportion of home rehabilitation [59.7% (12/33) vs. 36.4% (43/72), χ2=4.950, P=0.026], and shorter time of self-perceived postoperative full recovery [14 (10, 20) days vs. 15 (14, 20) days, Z=2.100, P=0.036], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Although ERAS has promoted postoperative rehabilitation while ensuring surgical safety, it has not been unanimously recognized by patients. Adequate rehabilitation education, good analgesia, good physical recovery, and early removal of drainage tubes may improve the patient's experience of ERAS.


Subject(s)
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Pain , Patient Outcome Assessment , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of artificial liver treatment with double plasma molecular adsorption system(DPMAS) mode and traditional plasma exchange (PE) mode on platelets in patients, and to evaluate the clinical efficacy of recombinent human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) in the treatment of thrombocytopenia.@*METHODS@#A total of fifteen patients undergoing artificial liver with DPMAS model admitted to the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 2018 to November 2020 were selected and included in the DPMAS group, and another 15 patients receiving PE were selected and included in the PE group. The improvement of clinical symptoms, such as fatigue, jaundice, oliguria, edema, etc. before and after artificial liver treatment was compared between the two groups, and the trend of blood routine (especially platelet), coagulation function and other indexes before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. The use of rhTPO and the number of platelets were recorded during treatment.@*RESULTS@#The improvement rate of clinical symptoms in DPMAS group was 86.67%, which was higher than that in PE group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in the outcome of the two groups within 90 days (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in white blood cell (WBC) and hemoglobin (HB) between the two groups after treatment (P>0.05). However, the level of platelet(PLT) in DPMAS group was significantly lower than that before treatment (P < 0.05), and was significantly lower than that in PE group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the international normalized ratio (INR) level in PE group was significantly improved (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in the INR level in DPMAS group (P>0.05). The patients in the DPMAS group received an average of (8.2±3.1) doses of rhTPO and (1.5±0.3) IU of platelet transfusions during hospitalization. In DMPAS group, platelets increased significantly after infusion of terbium.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with PE mode, the artificial liver with DPMAS mode can reduce platelet levels in patients, but the application of rhTPO can stimulate platelet regeneration and increase platelet levels in the patients, thereby reducing the risk of bleeding due to platelet hypoplasia.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Liver, Artificial , Plasma Exchange , Recombinant Proteins , Thrombocytopenia/therapy , Thrombopoietin
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940725

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Qihuang Yiqi Shexue prescription (QHYQSX) in the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) model mice based on the autophagy mediated by the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/Unc-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) signaling pathway. MethodFifty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, high- and low-dose QHYQSX groups, and prednisone group, with 10 mice in each group. The ITP model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of anti-platelet serum (APS) of guinea pig. On the 8th day of the APS injection, drugs were administered by gavage for 14 days. Peripheral blood platelet (PLT) count and hemoglobin (Hb) concentration were detected. Spleen and thymus were separated, weighed, and the organ index was calculated. Sternum was sampled for bone marrow smear, and bone marrow megakaryocytes were classified under a microscope. Thrombopoietin (TPO), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in the serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). AMPK, mTOR, ULK1, microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3), Beclin1, and p62 mRNA expression levels in the spleen were detected by Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of AMPK, p-AMPK, p-mTOR, p-ULK1, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ, Beclin1, and p62 in the spleen was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed reduced peripheral blood PLT count, Hb, and TPO levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), increased spleen and thymus indexes (P<0.01), decreased number of bone marrow megakaryocytes (P<0.01), elevated serum levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ (P<0.01), and reduced IL-10 and TGF-β1 levels (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed increased PLT counts and TPO levels (P<0.01), decreased spleen and thymus indexes (P<0.05, P<0.01), elevated number of bone marrow megakaryocytes (P<0.05, P<0.01), reduced serum levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ (P<0.05, P<0.01), and up-regulated IL-10 and TGF-β1 levels (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the low-dose QHYQSX group, the high-dose QHYQSX group and the prednisone group showed different degrees of significant differences in improving PLT counts and levels of cellular inflammatory factors (P<0.05, P<0.01). Real-time PCR and Western blot results showed that compared with the normal group, the model group showed up-regulated mRNA expression of AMPK, LC3, and Beclin1 and protein expression of p-AMPK/AMPK, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ, and Beclin1 in the spleen (P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated mRNA expression of mTOR, ULK1, and p62 and protein expression of p-mTOR, p-ULK1, and p62 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the results in the model group, high- and low-dose QHYQSX and prednisone could down-regulate the mRNA expression of AMPK, LC3, and Beclin1 and protein expression of p-AMPK/AMPK, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ, and Beclin1 in the spleen (P<0.05, P<0.01), and up-regulate the mRNA expression of mTOR, ULK1, and p62 and protein expression of p-mTOR, p-ULK1, and p62 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionQHYQSX may inhibit excessive autophagy by regulating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 signaling pathway, thereby regulating immune intolerance and playing a role in the treatment of ITP.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940347

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the radiosensitization and underlying mechanism of Xuefu Zhuyutang on subcutaneous transplanted esophageal carcinoma. MethodThe subcutaneous xenograft model of human esophageal carcinoma ECA-109 in nude mice was induced and the model mice were divided into a model group, an irradiation group, a Xuefu Zhuyutang group, and a combination group, with six nude mice in each group. After the intervention, the transplanted tumors were removed and weighed, and the tumor inhibition rate of each group was calculated according to the formula. The protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The protein expression of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), HIF-1α, VEGFA, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) in transplanted tumors was detected by Western blot. The mRNA expression of mTOR, HIF-1α, and VEGFA in transplanted tumors was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the conditions in the model group, the tumor weight decreased in the irradiation group and the Xuefu Zhuyutang group (P<0.05), as well as the combination group (P<0.01). Compared with the irradiation group, the combination group showed decreased tumor weight (P<0.05), with tumor inhibition rate of 57.37%. Compared with the model group, the irradiation group, the Xuefu Zhuyutang group, and the combination group showed decreased protein expression of VEGFR2, p-mTOR, HIF-1α, and VEGFA (P<0.05, P<0.01) and reduced mRNA expression of mTOR, HIF-1α, and VEGFA (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the irradiation group, the combination group showed down-regulated protein expression of VEGFR2, p-mTOR, HIF-1α, and VEGFA (P<0.05, P<0.01) and reduced mRNA expression of mTOR, HIF-1α, and VEGFA (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionXuefu Zhuyutang can inhibit the growth of transplanted esophageal carcinoma ECA-109 in nude mice and shows an obvious radiosensitization effect in combination with radiotherapy. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the mTOR/HIF-1α/VEGFA signaling pathway to improve the hypoxic state of tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the differences in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors between only-child and non-only-child adolescents with mood disorders.@*METHODS@#A three-stage sampling method was used to perform a cross-sectional survey of 529 adolescents, aged 12-18 years, who had mood disorders and NSSI behaviors. These adolescents were sampled from the outpatient service of 20 mental hospitals in 9 provinces of China from August to November 2020. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect general demographic data. The Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation, Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, Stress Mindset Measure-General, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scales, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used to collect the information on self-injury behaviors and psychological factors in these adolescents.@*RESULTS@#A total of 529 adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors were surveyed, among whom 375 were only-child adolescents and 154 were non-only-child adolescents. Compared with the non-only-child group, the only-child group had a significantly higher total score of Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation (P<0.05) .The type and frequency of self-injury in the only-child group were significantly higher than those in the non-only-child group (P<0.05). Psychological analysis showed that compared with the non-only-child group, the only-child group had a significantly lower score of self-esteem (P<0.05) and significantly higher scores of psychological distress and depressive symptoms (P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the score of suicidal ideation was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors in both only-child and non-only-child adolescents with mood disorders (P<0.05); in the only-child adolescents, the level of self-esteem was negatively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05), and the score of stress perception was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05); in the non-only-child adolescents, the score of anxious emotion was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors, the only-child adolescents tend to have a higher frequency of self-injury and poorer mental health, and therefore, the only-child adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors need more attention.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Mood Disorders , Risk Factors , Self Mutilation , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Suicide, Attempted/psychology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939606

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the neurotoxicity induced by trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and the possible protective mechanisms of boron (B). Mouse BV2 cells were treated with TCA (0, 0.39, 0.78, 1.56, 3.12, 6.25, or 12.5 mmol/L) and B (0, 7.8, 15.6, 31.25, 62.5, 125, 500, or 1,000 mmol/L) for 3 h and 24 h, respectively. Then, reactive oxygen species, and supernatant proinflammatory cytokine and protein levels were analyzed after 24 h of combined exposure. Beyond the dose-dependent decrease in the cellular viability, it clearly increased after B supplementation ( P < 0.05). Moreover, B decreased oxidative damage, and significantly down-regulated IL-6 levels and up-regulated TNF-β production ( P < 0.05). B also decreased apoptosis via the p53 pathway. The present findings indicated that TCA may induce oxidative damage, whereas B mitigates these adverse effects by decreasing cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Boron/toxicity , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Trichloroacetic Acid/toxicity , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 511-518, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938967

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS) is an interview-based assessment tool for evaluating the cognitive deficit and daily functioning of patients with schizophrenia. @*Methods@#Sixty-eight patients with schizophrenia and 68 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were recruited to validate the Chinese version of SCoRS in this study. All participants underwent cognitive assessment using the SCoRS, which was verified by the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), and the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment, Brief Version (UPSA-B). Patients with schizophrenia were additionally assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). @*Results@#SCoRS ratings reported by patients (SCoRS-S), those reported by the interviewer (SCoRS-I), and SCoRS global scores (SCoRS-G) showed significant correlation with all subscales of the BACS and the UPSA-B. On receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, SCoRS-S, SCoRS-I, and SCoRS-G significantly differentiated patients with schizophrenia from healthy controls. Moreover, SCoRS-S and SCoRS-I ratings showed positive correlation with the negative symptoms and general symptoms of PANSS. @*Conclusion@#The Chinese version of SCoRS showed good discriminant, concurrent, and external validity, suggesting that it is a useful and convenient tool for assessment of cognitive function among Mandarin-speaking patients with schizophrenia in clinical practice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935033

ABSTRACT

Objective To rapidly explore the chemical components of Xiaotan Tongfu formula, and to provide scientific basis for the basic research and clinical treatment of the formula. Methods Analysis was performed on an Agilent 1290 ultra-performance liquid chromatography system coupled with an Agilent 6530 accurate quality Q-TOF/MS system, by using a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm), with a gradient elution applying 0.1% aqueous formic acid solution and acetonitrile as a mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.3 ml/min. The column temperature was 30°C. The injection volume was 1 μl, and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. Mass spectrometry (MS) data were collected in both positive and negative ESI ion modes. Components in the formula were identified by using the in-house compound database, and comparing the retention time (tR), MS1 and MS2 data with the standard compounds, and the online compound MS database. Results A total of 55 compounds were identified from Coptis coptidis, Pseudomonas solani, Rhubarb, Araceae artemisiae and Pinellia chinensis. Conclusion The established UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS method could systematically and accurately identify the chemical components from Xiaotan Tongfu formula, and provided a reference for the quality marker selection and the research on the active ingredient.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the genetic etiology of 487 fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) using copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq) and explore the relationship between increased NT and chromosomal abnormality.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on 487 fetuses with increased NT who received CNV-seq in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to December 2020. These fetuses either had NT of ≥3.0-<3.5 mm (Group A, n=129) or ≥3.5 mm (Group B, n=358), the distribution and incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the two sets of fetuses were analyzed using Chi square test or Fisher's exact test. Results:Fetuses with abnormal chromosomes accounted for 25.9%(126/487) of cases, including 107 with chromosome aneuploidy (22.0%) and 19 with pathogenic or likely pathogenic copy number variation (CNV, 3.9%). The detection rate of fetal aneuploidy in Group B was higher than that in Group A [14.0% (18/129) vs 24.9% (89/358), χ2=6.58, P=0.010]. However, no significant difference was observed regarding the detection rate of pathogenic or likely pathogenic CNV between the two groups ( χ2=0.30, P=0.584). Conclusions:The risk of fetal chromosome aneuploidy increased with NT thickness, but not with pathogenic or likely pathogenic CNV, which needed further verification due to the small sample size. CNV-seq is an option to detect the conventional detection methods for the genetic etiology of NT thickening fetuses.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 126-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate perirenal adipose tissue inflammation in obesity-related glomerulopathy induced by a high-fat diet in C57BL/6J mice and further explore its probable mechanism.Methods:Twelve 8-10-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were divided into normal diet group (ND, n=6) and high-fat diet group (HFD, n=6) using simple random sampling method. After 14 weeks, the blood and kidney tissue were sampled, and the pathological change in the kidney and perirenal adipose tissue was observed by hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, and Masson staining. The mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), M1-type macrophage marker CD11c, interleukin (IL)-1β, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-10, transforming growth factor-β1, M2-type macrophage marker CD206 and fibronectin 1 in perirenal fat was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The expression of macrophages marker F4/80, CD68 and leukocyte common antigen (LCA) in the kidney and perirenal adipose tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results:After 14 weeks of feeding, compared with mice in the ND group, the weight of mice in the HFD group was significantly higher [(35.83±1.19) g vs (24.06±0.37) g, P<0.05]. In the HFD group, perirenal adipocyte hyperplasia, accompanied by glomerular hyperplasia, mesangial matrix hyperplasia and renal interstitial fibrosis, and other pathological changes was observed (all P<0.05). The level of blood glucose, blood lipid, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen was also significantly higher (all P<0.05). The mRNA expression of TNF-α, CD11c, IL-1β and MCP-1 related to M1 macrophages in the perirenal adipose tissue was higher (all P<0.05), and immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of F4/80, CD68 and LCA in the perirenal adipose tissue was higher in HFD group (all P<0.05). The above results showed that the number of macrophages and inflammatory cells in the perirenal adipose tissue was significantly greater in the HFD group than those in the ND group. Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that the average perirenal fat area was positively correlated with macrophages number in perirenal adipose tissue, several morphological indexes such as glomerular cross-sectional area and renal function injury indexes such as blood urea nitrogen (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The C57BL/6J mice model of obesity-related glomerulopathy induced by a high-fat diet is successfully established, and the perirenal adipose tissue shows an obvious inflammatory response, with the macrophages significantly polarized mainly in the pro-inflammatory direction towards the M1-type macrophages.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To trace and identify the source and the transmission vector of a nosocomial infection event caused by hypervirulent Acinetobacter baumannii. Methods:Nine strains of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolated from respiratory general ward and respiratory intensive care unit in Shenzhen People’s Hospital from July to August 2018 were collected. Environmental specimens such as ward environmental objects and medical staff’s hands were also collected. Vitek 2 was used for identification of bacterial species and drug susceptibility testing; Illuinam HiSeq 2500 platform, Staramr, Ridom SeqSphere+ were used for whole genome sequencing, drug resistance gene detection and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST); and IQ-Tree software, BEAST2 software package and SCOTTI software were used to construct phylogenetic tree and propagation path map. At the same time, the virulence of pathogenic bacteria was detected by mouse pneumonia model. Results:The 9 isolated CRAB strains were all ST2 type, all carried the carbapenem-resistant gene blaOXA-23, and the capsular types were KL49, KL3, KL77 and KL2, respectively. One of the CRAB strains isolated from removable ventilator screen was ST2 type and KL49 type capsule. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the environmental isolates were located in the same branch as 5 CRABs, and the transmission path map showed that these 5 CRABs were also located in the same transmission chain. Five strains of CRAB were involved in four lethal cases, and in vivo experiments in mice confirmed that the strains causing lethal infection had a hypervirulent phenotype. Conclusions:Highly virulent Acinetobacter baumannii can colonize the surface of mobile medical equipment, and sharing these equipment may lead to nosocomial spread of pathogens. The use of new propagation path analysis tools has certain reference significance for the investigation of propagation events.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931815

ABSTRACT

The progress of critical care medicine in 2021 is still encouraging. The new international guideline for management of sepsis and septic shock came out after 4 years. Besides, a couple of preferable clinical evidences were released including restrictive blood transfusion strategy for patients with acute myocardial infarction, prevention of peripheral venous catheter infection, heparin inhalation and driving pressure setting in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), lower oxygenation target for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, low level positive end-expiratory pressure in non-ARDS patients with respiratory failure, light sedation or non-sedation strategy, biological phenotypes, as well machine learning in sepsis and ARDS. However, we also encounter negative results such as balanced solution during fluid resuscitation, hypothermia therapy after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or traumatic brain injury, adrenomedullin-specific antibody adrecizumab therapy and coupled plasma filtration-adsorption (CPFA) therapy for patients with septic shock, extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO 2R) implementation in acute hypoxic respiratory failure, continuous infusion of hypertonic saline in patients with traumatic brain injury. Collectively, in the future, individualized diagnosis and management based on the principle of "wise choice" will become the daily practice scene for all intensivists.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and clinical characteristics, imaging characteristics and prognosis of patients with primary brainstem hemorrhage (PBH).Methods:The clinical data of 114 PBH patients admitted in 909th Hospital of PLA (the Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University) from February 2016 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the BMI, the patients were divided into the normal group (BMI<24 kg/m 2, 71 cases) and the overweight/obese group (BMI≥24 kg/m 2, 43 cases). The clinical and imaging characteristics of the two groups were compared, and the factors affecting the prognosis of the PBH patients were analyzed by univariate analysis and Cox multivariate regression model. Results:More patients in the overweight/obese group had histories of hypertension (86.05% vs. 69.01%, P = 0.041), diabetes (37.21% vs. 9.86%, P<0.01), and heart disease (20.93% vs. 5.63%, P = 0.013) than the normal group. The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, blood glucose, LDL, TG, WHR, and the incidences of coma, convulsions, central fever in overweight/obese group were significantly higher than those in normal group: (172.83±26.15) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (159.28±31.67) mmHg, (98.36±15.57) mmHg vs. (89.52±13.26) mmHg, (8.64±1.53) mmol/L vs. (7.95±1.28) mmol/L, (3.51±1.29) mmol/L vs. (2.95±1.04) mmol/L, (5.94±2.27) mmol/L vs. (2.19±0.86) mmol/L, 1.29±0.21 vs. 2.19±0.86, 48.84% vs. 25.35%, 30.23% vs. 14.08%, and 44.19% vs. 23.94%, the GCS score was significantly lower than that in the normal group: (4.69±1.87) scores vs. (6.37±1.52) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05 or<0.01). Compared with the normal group, there were significant differences in the bleeding site ( χ2 = 5.64, P = 0.010), bleeding volume ( χ2 = 5.35, P = 0.013), combined ventricular hemorrhage ( χ2 = 9.21, P = 0.002) and hydrocephalus ( χ2 = 4.79, P = 0.029). Multivariate analysis showed that BMI ( OR = 4.11, 95% CI 3.84 to 4.64, P = 0.039), history of hypertension ( OR = 8.71, 95% CI 6.28 to 9.52, P = 0.021), GCS score ( OR = 0.05, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.12, P = 0.012), bleeding volume ( OR = 3.09, 95% CI 2.16 to 4.03, P = 0.041), combined ventricular hemorrhage ( OR = 4.34, 95% CI 2.96 to 5.12, P = 0.023) and hydrocephalus ( OR = 6.40, 95% CI 5.63 to 6.89, P = 0.027) were all independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of PBH patients. Conclusions:BMI has a greater impact on the prognosis of PBH. Overweight/obese PBH patients also have hypertension history, low GCS score, large amount of bleeding, ventricular hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, etc., which should be paid more attention to by clinicians, positively control the progress of the disease and improve the prognosis of patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930040

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is one of the main treatment methods for patients with lung cancer, especially for patients with locally advanced lung cancer. Local advanced lung cancer is often accompanied by atelectasis, so it brings great difficulty and uncertainty to the delineation of radiotherapy target, and then affects the curative effect of patients. The latest research shows that functional imaging has a unique imaging principle, which can truly reflect biological information such as tumor proliferation and metabolism, and has an application prospect in distinguishing the target area of lung cancer from atelectasis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928206

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a programmed cell degradation process that is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes including malignant tumors. Abnormal induction of autophagy plays a key role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We established a prognosis prediction model for hepatocellular carcinoma based on autophagy related genes. Two hundred and four differentially expressed autophagy related genes and basic information and clinical characteristics of 377 registered hepatocellular carcinoma patients were retrieved from the cancer genome atlas database. Cox risk regression analysis was used to identify autophagy-related genes associated with survival, and a prognostic model was constructed based on this. A total of 64 differentially expressed autophagy related genes were identified in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Five risk factors related to the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients were determined by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, including TMEM74, BIRC5, SQSTM1, CAPN10 and HSPB8. Age, gender, tumor grade and stage, and risk score were included as variables in multivariate Cox regression analysis. The results showed that risk score was an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ( HR = 1.475, 95% CI = 1.280-1.699, P < 0.001). In addition, the area under the curve of the prognostic risk model was 0.739, indicating that the model had a high accuracy in predicting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The results suggest that the new prognostic risk model for hepatocellular carcinoma, established by combining the molecular characteristics and clinical parameters of patients, can effectively predict the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Autophagy/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Prognosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of using Hirsch index(H index) to evaluate the performance of academic papers published by medical talents.Methods:67 medical talents of Wuxi People′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were enrolled in the study. The numbers of papers published and citations of these talents which have been included by PubMed, Chinese Citation Database, CNKI, Wanfang, and Baidu Scholar. The H value of these talents was calculated according to the list method proposed by Rousseau R. The H index was compared with the traditional evaluation indexes of scientific research performance, such as the number of papers published, the total number of citations and the average number of citations. Pearson test was used to explore the correlation between H index and traditional evaluation index.Results:The H value of 67 talents ranged from 1 to 14. Pearson test showed that the H index was significantly correlated with the total number of papers, the total number of citations and the average number of citations at the level of 0.01, and their Pearson value was 0.746, 0.932, and 0.648 respectively.Conclusions:As a new scientific research performance evaluation system, the H index is recommended in the evaluation of medical personnel, but it needs further and sustained optimization in terms of database inclusion timespan, research work timespan, and authors ranking limit among others.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL