Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 174
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of fluorescence quantitative method and G6PD/6PGD ratio method in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and the type of gene mutation.Methods:A total of 1 201 patients (711 males and 490 females) with suspected G6PD deficiency in Shanghai Children′s Hospital were collected from June 2018 to March 2021. Fluorescence quantification method, G6PD/6PGD ratio method and multicolor melting curve were used to detects enzyme activity, ratio and gene mutation type. Comparison of each index and evaluation of its diagnostic efficiency were performed.Results:Among 1 201 suspicious samples, 163 cases (135 males and 28 females) were finally diagnosed. 156 cases were diagnosed by fluorescence quantitative method with a detection rate of 95.71%, and 140 cases were diagnosed by G6PD/6PGD ratio method with a detection rate of 85.89%. enzymatic activity of G6PD and ratio of G6PD/6PGD in male were significantly lower than female, and the differences were statistically significant ( U=642.5, 734.5, P<0.001). 112 cases received G6PD gene mutation detection and 92 cases were diagnosed, 74 were hemizygous mutations, 1 were homozygous mutations, 15 were heterozygous mutations, and 2 were compound heterozygous mutations. Among 15 cases of heterozygous mutations, 11 cases were diagnosed by fluorescence quantitative method, the diagnosed rate was 73.33%, 4 cases were diagnosed by G6PD/6PGD ratio method, and the diagnosed rate was 26.67%. A total of 7 mutation sites were detected and the proportions were c.1388G>A (32.22%), c.1376G>T (30.00%), c.871G>A (13.33%), c.1024C>T (11.11%). c.95A>G (7.78%), c.487G>A (4.44%), c.392G>T (1.11%). The enzymatic activities of c.1376G>T and c.1024C>T, c.487G>A were statistically significant ( P<0.001,0.015); the G6PD/6PGD ratios of c.1024C>T and c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T were statistically significant ( P=0.017,0.002,0.011,0.013). Fluorescence quantitative method had sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 95.65%, and the area under the curve (AUC) is 0.972. The sensitivity of the G6PD/6PGD ratio method was 100%, the specificity was 94.57%, and the AUC was 0.979. The sensitivity of fluorescence quantitative method combined with G6PD/6PGD ratio was 96.7%, the specificity was 100%, and the AUC was 0.992. Conclusions:Compared with fluorescence quantification, the G6PD/6PGD ratio method might not be able to diagnose female heterozygotes effectively; The panel of G6PD fluorescence quantification and G6PD/6PGD ratio was helpful to reduce the missed diagnosis. Combined with gene mutation analysis, it could improve the diagnosis rate of G6PD deficiency in the children.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 722-729, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932885

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a specialized clival-cervical plate fixation (CCPF) for anterior surgery to treat craniovertebral instability, and to compare it with a posterior occipitocervical fixation (POCF) in biomechanical validation.Methods:Based on the measurement of 40 adult dry bones and 30 volunteers CT images, the clival-cervical plate was designed and manufactured. 8 cadaveric specimens (occiput-C 3) were tested in five conditions including the intact status, the intact+CCPF status, the injury status, the injury+CCPF status, and the injury+POCF status. Specimens were applied a pure moment of 1.5 N·m in flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. Calculating and comparing the range of motion (ROM) and neutral zone (NZ) for the occiput to C 2. The effects of different fixation methods on the distribution of ROMs at the occipitocervical region were compared. Results:The injury+CCPF status constrained ROMs to 1.7° in flexion ( q=4.68, P=0.055) , 1.2° in extension ( q=0.39, P=0.9922) , 2.8° in lateral bending ( q=1.25, P=0.814) , and 4.3° in axial rotation ( q=5.08, P=0.035) , resulted in larger ROM in axial rotation but similar ROMs in other directions ( P>0.05) when compared with the injury+POCF status. There were no significant differences between the above two fixation methods in flexion-extension ( q=1.94, P=0.554) , lateral bending ( q=1.79, P=0.611) and axial rotation ( q=2.14, P=0.478) for the NZs. For the flexion, extension,lateral bendingand axial rotation direction, the proportion of the C 1, 2 ROM to the overall ROM was 28%, 25%, 34% and 56% respectively in the injury+CCPF status, and it was 59%, 53%, 42% and 71% respectively in the injury+POCF status. Conclusion:CCPF is a biomechanically effective alternative or supplemental method of POCF for the craniocervical instability.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of occupational stress and its influencing factors among undergraduate interns.Methods:Three hundred and seventeen interns in Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province were collected as research objects. In this study, the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) Questionnaire and self-compiled general information questionnaire were used to evaluate the status of occupational stress and its influencing factors, and the regression analysis was carried out.Results:The results showed that 101 (31.9%) and 115 (36.3%) undergraduate interns were in significantly higher level occupational stress according to the JCQ and the ERI questionnaire respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of the included occupational stress included the planning of further studies, more than 40 hours per week for internship, high score of intrinsic engagement and low score of social support. Exercise of more than three times a week was a protective factor for interns' occupational stress.Conclusion:The occupational stress of the undergraduate interns is at a high level and affected by many factors. Schools and hospitals should provide targeted mental health education for interns and improve relevant management policies.

4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 211-218, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881009

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) is one of the most common complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Acupuncture has been used widely in gastrointestinal diseases due to its effectiveness and minimally invasive nature.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the efficacy of using transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) during the surgery and postoperative recovery in patients with gastric and colorectal surgery for improving postoperative gastrointestinal function.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS@#A total of 280 patients undergoing abdominal surgery were stratified by type of surgery (i.e., gastric or colorectal surgery) and randomly allocated into the TEAS group (group T) or the sham group (group S). Patients in group T received TEAS at LI4, PC6, ST36 and ST37. Patients in group S received pseudo-TEAS at sham acupoints. The stimulation was given from 30 min before anesthesia until the end of surgery. The same treatment was performed at 9 am on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days after surgery, until the recovery of flatus in patients.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was the time to the first bowel motion, as detected by auscultation. The secondary outcomes included the first flatus and ambulation time, changes of perioperative substance P (SP), incidence of PGD, postoperative pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and some economic indicators.@*RESULTS@#The time to first bowel motion, first flatus and first ambulation in group T was much shorter than that in group S (P < 0.01). In patients undergoing colorectal surgery, the concentration of SP was lower in group T than in group S on the third day after the operation (P < 0.05). The average incidence of PGD in all patients was 25%, and the frequency of PGD was significantly lower in group T than in group S (18.6% vs. 31.4%, respectively; P < 0.05). TEAS treatment (odds ratio = 0.498; 95% confidence interval: 0.232-0.786) and type of surgery were relevant factors for the development of PGD. Postoperative pain score and PONV occurrence were significantly lower in group T (P < 0.01). Postoperative hospitalization days and the resulting cost to patients were greatly reduced in the TEAS group (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Perioperative TEAS was able to promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function, reduce the incidence of PGD and PONV. The concentration of SP was decreased by TEAS treatment, which indicates that the brain-gut axis may play a role in how TEAS regulates gastrointestinal function.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900023263.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922471

ABSTRACT

Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are easily obtained multipotent cells, however, their potential value in regenerative medicine is hindered by the phenotypic and functional changes after conventional monolayer expansion. Here, we employed single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to comprehensively study the transcriptional difference between the freshly isolated and monolayer cultured DPSCs. The cell cluster analysis based on our scRNA-seq data showed that monolayer culture resulted in a significant cellular composition switch compared to the freshly isolated DPSCs. However, one subpopulation, characterized as MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-), maintained the most transcriptional characteristics compared to their freshly isolated counterparts. Notably, immunofluorescent staining revealed that the MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) hDPSCs uniquely located in the perivascular region of human dental pulp tissue. Flow-cytometry analysis confirmed that their proportion remained relatively stable (~2%) regardless of physiological senescence or dental caries. Consistent with the annotation of scRNA-seq data, MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) hDPSCs showed higher proliferation capacity and enhanced in vitro multilineage differentiation potentials (osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic) compared with their counterparts PDGFRA(+) subpopulation. Furthermore, the MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) hDPSCs showed enhanced bone tissue formation and adipose tissue formation after 4-week subcutaneous implantation in nude mice. Taken together, our study for the first time revealed the cellular composition switch of monolayer cultured hDPSCs compared to the freshly isolated hDPSCs. After in vitro expansion, the MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) subpopulation resembled the most transcriptional characteristics of fresh hDPSCs which may be beneficial for further tissue regeneration applications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Dental Caries , Dental Pulp , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , Stem Cells
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907852

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the macrolides resistance of Mycoplasma pneumoniae(MP) in Suzhou area, and try to explore the relationship between drug resistance and refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP). Methods:From a series of hospitalized children who were diagnosed as Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) from October 2013 to September 2014 in Suzhou area, 48 children were treated with Azithromycin (10 mg/kg, once a day, intravenous drip for 5-7 days), and the clinical symptoms and chest imaging were still progressing so they were clinically diagnosed as RMPP, and 34 children who were successfully treated with macrolides antibiotics (MA) were clinically diagnosed as general MPP (GMPP). MP DNA was extracted from the airway secretion of children in the two groups, and the point mutations of 2063 and 2064 of 23S rRNA were sequenced, and according to the MP 23S rRNA sequencing results, the children were divided into macrolides antibiotic resistant MP group (MRMP) and macrolides antibiotic sensitive MP group (MSMP). The clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. Results:In the MRMP group, the incidence of RMPP was 62.2% (46/74 cases), while in MSMP group, the incidence of RMPP was 25.0% (2/8 cases). The point mutation of MP 23S rRNA had no significant effect on the occurrence of RMPP ( χ2=2.719, P=0.099). Compared with MRMP group, MSMP group presented shorter fever time and less glucocorticoid use.No significant differences between the two groups were found in chest imaging examination, as well as some laboratory results, including the total number and classification of white blood cell (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB). Conclusions:The fever duration of MPP lasted more than 1 week, suggesting the possibility of macrolides resistance of MP, but macrolides resistance did not aggravate the occurrence of RMPP.It is unreliable to judge the MRMP by chest imaging features and laboratory results.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetric characteristics of helical tomotherapy (HT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) after left breast conserving surgery.Methods:Twenty-four patients with left breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery who were admitted to the Department of Radiation Oncology of Tumor Hospital of Yunnan Province from May 2016 to May 2019 were selected. The HT plan and the VMAT plan were designed for the same patient. The target dose and the dose volume parameters of organs at risk were compared and analyzed in the two radiotherapy plans.Results:There were significant differences in the D 2% [(59.68±0.46) Gy vs. (60.06±0.20) Gy, t=-4.229, P<0.001], D 98% [(57.46±0.44) Gy vs. (57.20±0.07) Gy, t=2.912, P<0.001], conformity index (CI) (0.80±0.05 vs. 0.76±0.04, t=4.079, P<0.001) and homogeneity index (HI) (0.04±0.01 vs. 0.05±0.00, t=-5.505, P<0.001) of the planning gross tumor volume (PGTV) between the HT and VMAT plans. However, there was no significant difference in the D 50% [(58.77±0.46) Gy vs. (58.75±0.11) Gy, t=0.179, P=0.859]. There were significant differences in the D 50% [(51.99±0.39) Gy vs. (52.39±0.36) Gy, t=-5.278, P<0.001], D 98% [(49.46±0.29) Gy vs. (48.35±0.46) Gy, t=9.538, P<0.001] and HI (0.19±0.01 vs. 0.21±0.01, t=-7.538, P<0.001) of the planned target volume (PTV) between the two plans. However, there were no significant differences in the D 2% [(59.13±0.64) Gy vs. (59.09±0.46) Gy, t=0.511, P=0.614] and CI (0.83±0.04 vs. 0.82±0.04, t=1.637, P=0.115). In terms of organs at risk, there were significant differences in the V 5 [(57.90±1.42)% vs. (52.40±5.74)%, t=4.812, P<0.001], V 20 [(22.40±2.17)% vs. (18.40±3.16)%, t=5.573, P<0.001] and D mean [(12.71±0.55) Gy vs. (11.46±1.26) Gy, t=4.963, P<0.001] of left lung, D mean of right lung [(3.42±0.27) Gy vs. (2.49±0.24) Gy, t=13.310, P<0.001], D mean of right breast [(4.41±0.50) Gy vs. (3.12±0.65) Gy, t=10.326, P<0.001], V 30 [(0.55±0.37)% vs. (1.24±1.11)%, t=-4.020, P=0.001] and D mean of heart [(4.68±0.62) Gy vs. (3.83±0.88) Gy, t=7.335, P<0.001], D mean of left atrium [(2.53±0.31) Gy vs. (2.16±0.28) Gy, t=5.488, P<0.001], D mean of right atrium [(2.77±0.43) Gy vs. (2.20±0.30) Gy, t=7.103, P<0.001], D mean of right ventricle [(5.10±0.72) Gy vs. (3.72±0.94) Gy, t=9.802, P<0.001] and D 2% of spinal cord [(14.79±2.73) Gy vs. (5.42±2.23) Gy, t=14.788, P<0.001] between HT and VMAT plans. There was no significant difference in the D mean of left ventricle [(5.10±1.19) Gy vs. (4.80±1.54) Gy, t=1.250, P=0.224]. Conclusion:Both the HT plan and the VMAT plan can meet the treatment requirements. The HT plan can provide better target area conformity and dose uniformity. The VMAT plan has more advantages in terms of organs at risk. The HT plan shows an advantage only in exposure to high-dose area.

8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E189-E194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904385

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of dynamic fixation (rotating and sliding pedicle screws) on stability of the atlantoaxial joint. Methods A series of in vitro biomechanical tests were performed using six fresh adult cervical spines (occipital bone-C4 segment) to simulate different conditions in surgery, including the intact state, the injury state, rigid fixation, rotating pedicle screw fixation, sliding pedicle screw fixation. The repeated measurement design was employed, and under intact, injury and different fixation states, the pure moment of 1.5 N·m in flexion-extension, left-right lateral bending, left-right axial rotation directions were applied using the spinal testing machine. The movement of atlantoaxial spine was measured consecutively by three-dimensional (3D) measurement system in order to analyze the range of motion (ROM) and neutral zone (NZ) of atlantoaxial joints. Results Under injury state, ROM of atlantoaxial joints was significantly larger than that under intact state during flexion, extension, lateral bending and rotation, leading to the instability of atlantoaxial joints. ROM of fixation segments was significantly reduced during flexion, extension, lateral bending and rotation after rigid and dynamic fixation. Compared with rigid fixation, dynamic fixation showed a significant ROM increase during lateral bending. NZs of fixation segments after dynamic fixation were significantly reduced. There were no significant ROM differences between rigid fixation and dynamic fixation. Conclusions The stability of atlantoaxial joints by dynamic fixation during flexion, extension and rotation was comparable to that by rigid fixation, but weaker during lateral bending. Dynamic screw fixation can maintain the relative stability of atlantoaxial joints.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status quo of job burnout among rural general practitioners and to analyze its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 2 805 rural general practitioners in three counties in southwest Shandong province were enrolled in the study. The survey was conducted with a basic information questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS). The influencing factors of job burnout were analyzed by Pearson chi-square test (χ2) and binary logistic regression model.Results:A total of 2 272 rural general practitioners completed the survey with a completion rate of 81.0%. The rates of middle or high job burnout in the dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal sense of achievement were 55.1%(1 251/2 272), 34.0%(772/2 272) and 91.3%(2 075/2 272), respectively. Binary logistic regression model showed that working hours/week ≥ 60 h ( OR=1.341, 95 %CI:1.057-1.702, P<0.05), monthly shift times ≥20 ( OR=1.434, 95 %CI:1.182-1.739, P<0.05), daily consultation time≥13 h ( OR=1.294, 95 %CI:1.055-1.589, P<0.05), daily consultation of 11-20 patients ( OR=1.317, 95 %CI:1.075-1.614, P<0.05), no part-time job ( OR=1.583, 95 %CI:1.201-2.087, P<0.05), insomnia ( OR=2.638, 95 %CI:2.225-3.128, P<0.05), feeling depressed at work ( OR=3.170, 95 %CI:2.661-3.776, P<0.05) were risk factors for emotional exhaustion; participation in public health services ( OR=1.485, 95 %CI:1.155-1.910, P<0.05), being married ( OR=2.273, 95 %CI:1.198-4.313), no part-time jobs ( OR=1.677, 95 %CI:1.276-2.203, P<0.05), insomnia ( OR=1.487, 95 %CI:1.211-1.827, P<0.05), and feeling depressed at work ( OR=1.642, 95 %CI:1.339-2.015, P<0.05) were risk factors for depersonalization; working hours/week ≥ 60 h ( OR=2.089, 95 %CI:1.454-3.002, P<0.05), daily consultation time ≥ 9 h ( OR=2.495, 95 %CI:1.748-3.561, P<0.05), insomnia ( OR=2.061, 95 %CI:1.519-2.796, P<0.05), and feeling depressed at work ( OR=1.894, 95 %CI:1.383-2.593, P<0.05) were risk factors for reduced personal achievement. Protective factors included monthly income ≥3 000 Yuan ( OR=0.589, 95 %CI: 0.353-0.982, P<0.05) and monthly shift of 10-19 times ( OR=0.581, 95 %CI:0.411-0.820, P<0.05). Conclusion:The overall job burnout among rural general practitioners in southwest Shandong province is serious, especially the depersonalization and the reduction of personal sense of achievement. It is suggested to improve the salary, reduce the working intensity, optimize the working hours, and pay attention to their physical and mental health for rural general practitioners to alleviate the current situation of their occupational burnout.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and the safety of the radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for the septal accessory pathway (AP) in children.Methods:From September 2013 to March 2019, 626 patients plan to underwent RFCA for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine.Among them, 74 consecutive patients with right or left septal APs were included in the study and their clinical and RFCA data were analyzed.Results:The age of these 74 children (45 males, 29 female) was (7.8±3.5) years, ranging from 10 months to 13 years.The body weight (BW) was (27.7±14.4) kg, with 3 patients BW<15 kg.A discordant ventricular wall motion (DVWM) was found in 5 patients, and the combined congenital heart diseases were discovered in 2 patients.A three dimensional mapping system was applied in 69 ablations, and 3 ablations were performed only with the fluoroscopy monitor of 5 cases.According to the AP location, the number of cases located in the anteroseptal, the midseptal, the mouth of coronary sinus, the left posteroseptal and the right posteroseptal, were 28, 18, 10, 10 and 8, respectively.The ablation operations were applied in 72 patients.The initial acute success reached in 67 (93.1%) patients.The ablation energy was (18.0±1.8) W, the fluoroscopy time during the ablations was (4.7±2.7) minutes, and the procedure duration was (151.5±58.6) minutes.One inadvertent complete atrioventricular block (AVB) was noted as the ablation-related complication.All 5 children with the pre-DVWM were recovered after ablations.During a follow-up of (23.8±10.8) months, 4 patients experienced the recurrence of preexcitation syndrome atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia.Conclusions:With the 3D-mapping system, the RFCA of septal APs can be performed safely and effectively in pediatric patients of paroxysmal supraventri-cular tachycardia.However, as the ablation-related complication, AVB should not be ignored.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1191-1197, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) combined with two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) at rest on evaluating microcirculation dysfunction and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with angina and no obstructive coronary artery disease(ANOCA). Methods: This retrospective study recruited 78 ANOCA patients, who hospitalized in the People's Hospital of Liaoning Province from August 2019 to July 2021. These patients underwent conventional echocardiography examination, including TDI and 2D-STI, to evaluate the left ventricular dysfunction, and adenosine stress echocardiography (SE) to evaluate the coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR). ANOCA patients were divided into coronary microcirculation dysfunction CMD group (CFVR<2) and control group (CFVR≥2) according to CFVR. Clinical data, routine echocardiographic parameters, TDI parameters including isovolumic contraction time (IVCT), isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), ejection time (ET), and STI parameters including global longitudinal peak strain (GLS), time to peak (TTP); peak strain dispersion (PSD) were compared between the two groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CMD and the predictive value of each parameter to construct a joint prediction model for the diagnosis of CMD in this patient cohort. Results: The mean age was (55.5±11.2) years, 43 (55%) patients were females in this patient cohort, 38 (49%) patienst were didvided into the CMD group and 40 (51%) into the control group. Age, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and smokers were significantly higher in the CMD group than in the control group (all P<0.05). Tei index was higher, IVCT and TTP were longer, PSD was higher, ET was shorter, and absolute GLS was lower in the CMD group than in the control group (all P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that longer IVCT, higher Tei index, higher time to PSD and lower absolute GLS were the independent risk factors of CMD. The ROC curve revealed that the predicting efficacy on CMD was satisfactiory with the combined predictors: AUC=0.884, sensitivity of 82% and specificity of 80%. Conclusions: TDI combined with 2D-STI is associated with a good diagnostic value on the diagnosis of CMD and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with ANOCA, which provides a feasible non-invasive tool for the diagnosis of CMD and risk stratification of patients with ANOCA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angina Pectoris , Blood Flow Velocity , Female , Humans , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging
12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 476-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the abnormal results and their causes of personal dose monitoring on medical radiation workers.METHODS: The medical radiation workers monitored from 2016 to 2019 in the personal dose monitoring room of Guangdong Province Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment were selected as the study subjects using convenient sampling method. The abnormal results and their causes of the medical radiation workers with personal dose equivalent ≥1.25 mSv(investigation level) in a single period were analyzed. RESULTS: The rate of abnormal results of personal dose monitoring was 0.26%(263/102 284). The false result rate was 0.19%(194/102 284), and that of the true result rate was 0.07%(69/102 284). A total of 73.38%(193/263) of medical radiation workers had abnormal results with an personal dose equivalent less than 5.00 mSv. Among different occupational groups, the abnormal results and false results in personal dose monitoring in interventional radiology group were the highest(all P<0.01). The abnormal result rate and false result rate were higher in the Pearl River Delta area than that in the non-Pearl River Delta area(0.27% vs 0.17%, 0.20% vs 0.12%, all P<0.05). The rate of false result of personal dose monitoring in the tertiary hospitals was lower than that in the non-tertiary hospitals(0.18% vs 0.30%, P<0.05). The main reason for the true results of personal dose monitoring was the increase of workload(43.48%), and the main reason for the false results was that the dosimeter was left in the workplace(57.73%). CONCLUSION: The rate of abnormal results of personal dose monitoring in the medical radiation workers is high. Radiological protection should be strengthened with emphasis on medical radiation workers in interventional radiology, Pearl River Delta area hospitals and non-tertiary hospitals.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863973

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and prognosis of tricuspid regurgitation after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects in pediatric patients as well as the risk factors of regurgitation occurrence or aggravation.Methods Clinical data of 1 108 patients who underwent percutaneous closure in Shanghai Children's Medical Center,School of Medicine,Shanghai Jiaotong University from January 2011 to January 2017 was analyzed retrospectively,and the prognosis and risk factors of postoperative tricuspid regurgitation and aggravation were also analyzed.Results Mild tricuspid regurgitation occurred in 24 cases after surgery with the incidence of 2.1%.Among 5 cases with mild or above preoperative tricuspid regurgitation,the regurgitation was alleviated after surgery in 4 cases.No severe tricuspid regurgitation requiring surgical intervention occurred in any patient during follow-up.Univariate analysis showed that intervention time (P < 0.05) and residual shunt (P < 0.05) were risk factors for mild or above tricuspid regurgitation after intervention.Binary regression analysis indicated that the size of the occluder (mm) (OR =1.48,95% CI:1.13-1.90) and residual shunt (OR =6.53,95% CI:1.69-25.30) were risk factors for tricuspid regurgitation after intervention (all P < 0.05).Conclusions There is a certain incidence of tricuspid regurgitation after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects,but most tricuspid regurgitation do not need surgical intervention.The intervention time,size of occluder and residual shunt are risk factors of intraoperatively or postoperatively tricuspid regurgitation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1089-1097, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of the screw and plate for clival fixation using a transoral expanded approaches.Methods:The transoral expanded approaches were performed on craniocervical segment specimens obtained from 7 subjects, including transoral approach (TO), transoral with soft (TOP) or hard (TOHP) palate split, mandibulotomy (MO) and mandibuloglossotomy (MLO). The distribution and thickness of soft tissue, the configuration of the vertebral arteries, the distance between the midline and the vertebral arteries, the exposed area of the clivus and cervical spine, and the range of screw angle (the angle between the line from the lower incisor or the central base of the mandible to the exposed area of the clivus and the tangent line of the clivus) were evaluated.Results:The thickness of the soft tissue on the posterior pharyngeal wall above the clival pharyngeal nodules was 3.5±0.6 mm. That on the anterior C 1-C 5 vertebrae was 5.0±0.5 mm. The distances from the bilateral vertebral arteries to the midline was 19.5±1.2 mm at C 1, 2, 14.6±2.7 mm at C 2, 3, 14.0±2.7 mm at C 3, 4, and 13.9±2.7 mm at C 4, 5. For the TO approach, the longitudinal diameter of the exposed clivus was 8.3±3.0 mm. The distance from the lower incisor to the superior margin of the exposed clivus, the lower margin of the exposed clivus, the anterior arch of C 1, the vertebral body of C 2 and C 3 were 104.7±4.3 mm, 99.2±6.8 mm, 81.4±4.3 mm, 75.1±4.0 mm and 68.7±6.5 mm, respectively. Six specimens were exposed to the C 3, while one was exposed to the C 2. For the TOP approach, the longitudinal diameter of the exposed clivus was 18.5±4.8 mm. The distance from the lower incisor to the superior margin of the exposed clivus and the pharyngeal nodules were 107.9±6.7 mm and 104.8±6.7 mm, respectively. For the TOHP approach, the longitudinal diameter of the exposed clivus was 26.3±1.8 mm (the clival length) with distance from the lower incisor to the superior margin of the clivus 112.4±12.6 mm. For the MO/MLO approach, the entire clivus was exposed. The distance from the central base of the mandible to the superior and inferior margin of the exposed clivus and the pharyngeal nodules were 141.8±15.7 mm, 131.0±9.9 mm and 120.5±8.2 mm, respectively. The inferior margin of the exposed cervical vertebra was C 5, 6. The rate of the clival screw placement through anterior occipitocervical fixation using TO, TOP, TOHP, MO and MLO was 0%, 71% (5/7), 86% (6/7), and 100%, respectively. The screw angle was 99.0°±1.8°, 92.6°±7.7°, 92.6°±7.7°, 75.1°±7.7°, and 75.1°±7.7°, respectively. Conclusion:Occipitocervical fixation with clival screw and plate could be conducted in most cases via TOP and TOHP approaches. However, in some cases with small split-mouth or mouth opening limited, smaller clival screw angle caused by basilar impression or basilar invagination, requiring fixation and reconstruction of the lower cervical spine, and the MO/MLO approaches could be still required to achieve the fixation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866039

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of occupational stress and its influencing factors among undergraduate interns.Methods:Three hundred and seventeen interns in Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province were collected as research objects. In this study, the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) Questionnaire and self-compiled general information questionnaire were used to evaluate the status of occupational stress and its influencing factors, and the regression analysis was carried out.Results:The results showed that 101 (31.9%) and 115 (36.3%) undergraduate interns were in significantly higher level occupational stress according to the JCQ and the ERI questionnaire respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of the included occupational stress included the planning of further studies, more than 40 hours per week for internship, high score of intrinsic engagement and low score of social support. Exercise of more than three times a week was a protective factor for interns' occupational stress.Conclusions:The occupational stress of the undergraduate interns is at a high level and affected by many factors. Schools and hospitals should provide targeted mental health education for interns and improve relevant management policies.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of plastic bronchitis (PB) in children after pneumonia and the value of electronic bronchoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of PB after pneumonia.Methods:A total of 3 865 children with lower respiratory infectious diseases who had been treated by bronchoscope and met the diagnosis and treatment criteria of bronchoscope in the Department of Respiratory, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University from June 2017 to May 2019 were studied.The children were divided into 3 groups, the PB group, the phlegm embolism blockage group, and the control group [including children with no secretion blocking the bronchial cavity under bronchoscope and no plastic secretion found in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF)]. The results of laboratory examinations such as clinical characteristics, etiology, immune function and imaging were compared and analyzed.Results:There was no significant difference in the gender distribution among the 3 groups ( P=0.382). The average age of the PB group and phlegm embolism blockage group was significantly older than that of the control group.All the 3 groups had cough.The proportions of coughing children with asthma in the control group and phlegm embolism blockage group [25.06% (924/3 687 cases) and 21.00% (21/100 cases), respectively] were significantly larger than that in the PB group [5.13% (4/78 cases)]. The PB group had the highest ratio of children with fever [93.59% (73/78 cases)], followed by the phlegm embolism blockage group [83.00% (83/100 cases)] and the control group [71.93% (2 652/3 687 cases)] successively.The difference among the 3 groups was significant( χ2=23.571, P<0.05). The fever peaks of the PB group, phlegm embolism blockage group and control group were (39.65±0.6)℃, (39.57±0.64)℃ and (39.27±0.76)℃, respectively; the fever duration of the above 3 groups were (10.32±3.87) days, (9.46±5.13) days and (6.89±4.06) days, respectively.The PB group had a higher fever peak and longer fever duration than the control group (all P<0.01). Before the electronic bronchoscopy, 3 865 children′s chest imaging examination showed pneumonia.The proportions of patients with lobar pneumonia and pleural effusion were the highest in the PB group [79.49% (62/78 cases) and 41.03% (32/78 cases), respectively], followed by the phlegm plug group [65% (65/100 cases) and 27% (27/100 cases), respectively]. C reactive protein (CRP) and D-dimer levels were the highest in the PB group, followed by the phlegm embolism blockage group and the control group successively.The difference was significant.In T lymphocyte subsets, the PB group had a significantly lower percentage of CD4 + lymphocytes and a significantly higher percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes than the control group.The first pathogen detected in the 3 groups was Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP), but the detection rate of MP in the PB group [84.62% (66/78 cases)] was significantly higher than that in the phlegm embolism blockage group [60% (60/100 cases)] and that in the control group [55.68% (2 053/3 687 cases)]. Conclusions:Older children are prone to PB after pneumonia and fever in the course of disease.The imaging manifestations are lobar pneumonia, pleural effusion, atelectasis, elevated CRP and D-dimer in venous blood laboratory examinations.MP is the first pathogen detected in children with PB after pneumonia.Bronchoscopic alveolar lavage is an effective and safe treatment for PB in clinical practice.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864244

ABSTRACT

Objective:The epidemiological characteristics and drug susceptibility changes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa(PA) infection in the respiratory tract of children in suzhou were analyzed in order to provide guidance and suggestions for the rational use of antibiotics in this region. Methods:Bacterial culture results of nasopharyngeal secretions from 21 176 children admitted to the Department of Respiratory, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University for respiratory tract infections from January 2008 to December 2017 were collected.According to age, season, underlying disease conditions and the presence of intensive care units (ICU) during the hospitalization, these children were divided into different groups.The epidemic characteristics of PA infection were monitored, and changes in PA drug sensitivity were dynamically observed.Results:Among 21 176 nasopharyngeal secretions from children with respiratory tract infection, 191 cultures were detected with PA, and showing a positive detection rate of 0.90% (191/21 176 cases). The annual detection rate was different.The highest detection rate was 2.24% (50/2 234 cases) in 2009 and the lowest was 0.41% (9/2 207 cases) in 2014.The detection rate of PA in children with in >6 months to 1-year-old group was the highest (1.52%, 53/3 497 cases), and the lowest was 0.57%(11/1 934 cases) in the >5-year-old group.The detection rates of PA in spring, summer, autumn, and winter were 1.11% (60/5 420 cases), 1.21% (61/5 046 cases), 0.81% (46/5 670 cases), and 0.48% (24/5 040 cases), respectively.The difference of PA detection rates between summer (the highest rate) and the winter (the lowest rate) was statistically significant ( χ2=18.611, P<0.001). Among the 21 176 children, 18.89% (4 000/21 176 cases) had basic diseases, and the PA detection rate in such kind of patients was 1.28% (51/4 000 cases), which was higher than that in patients without basic diseases (0.82%, 140/17 176 cases). The PA detection rate in the ICU group was 4.41% (15/340 cases), which was significantly higher than that in the general group (0.84%, 176/20 836 cases) ( χ2=7.678, 47.623, all P<0.05). There were no strains susceptible to Ampicillin, Ampicillin/Sulbactam and compound Sulfamethoxazole, and no strains susceptible to Ceftriaxone from 2010 to 2017.The susceptibility rate to Imipenem was low from 2012 to 2015, and the lowest was only 66.7% in 2014.The sensitivity rate to Aztreonam fluctuated significantly from year to year.Strains were all highly sensitive to Piperacillin, Piperacillin Tazobactam, Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin, Gentamicin, and Tobramycin. Conclusions:PA infection is prone to occur in young children with basic diseases and relatively severe illness.Summer is a high-incidence season.PA is generally highly resistant to commonly used antibiotics.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after adenovirus pneumonia.Methods:Clinical data of 266 children with adenovirus pneumonia hospitalized in Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Accor-ding to whether they developed BO, children with adenovirus pneumonia were divided into the BO group and the non-BO group.Clinical features of the BO group and the non-BO group were compared by t test, rank sum test or chi square test.Risk factors were analyzed by Logistic regression approach. Results:Among 266 children with adenovirus pneumonia included, 37 patients were developed into BO group, and their age was significantly younger than that of the non-BO group [12.0(8.0, 17.5) months vs.32.0(13.0, 48.0) months, P<0.001]. Compared with the non-BO group, there were more proportion of preterm infants[10.8%(4/37 cases) vs.3.1%(7/229 cases), P=0.028], more instances of comorbidities [21.6%(8/37 cases) vs.4.4%(10/229), P<0.001] and more children with allergic diseas[35.1%(13/37 cases) vs.20.1%(46/229 cases), P=0.041] in the BO group, and the difference was statistically significant.The duration of fever in the BO group was significantly longer than that of the non-BO group [10(4.0, 13.5) d vs.6(4.0, 9.0) d, P=0.011] children with symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and hypoxemia in the BO group were significantly more than the non-BO group[81.1%(30/37 cases) vs.27.9%(64/229 cases), P<0.001; 64.9%(24/37 cases) vs.5.7%(13/229 cases), P<0.001; 59.5%(22/37 cases) vs.6.6%(15/229 cases), P<0.001]. The platelet count, IgG level, and CD3 -CD 19+ lymphocyte percentage were significantly higher in the BO group than the non-BO group [(364±104)×10 9/L vs.(297±105)×10 9/L, P=0.001; 6.74(4.92, 10.16) g/L vs.5.93(1.00, 8.04) g/L, P=0.016; (33.5±15.3)% vs.(26.1±10.2)%, P=0.008]. In contrast, the percentage of CD3 + CD4 + lymphocytes in the BO group was lower than the non-BO group[(29.1±8.0)% vs.(32.5±9.4)%, P=0.044], the difference was statistically significant.The BO group had a higher rate of mixed bacterial infection than the non-BO groups[37.8%(14/37 cases) vs.16.6%(38/229 cases), P=0.003]. An age<26 months, comorbidities, premature birth history, wheezing, shortness of breath, and hypoxemia were independent risk factors for BO after adenovirus pneumonia( OR=4.808, 30.667, 7.558, 3.909, 8.842, 8.607, all P<0.05). Conclusions:An age of less than 26 months, a history of premature delivery comorbidities, wheezing, shortness of breath and hypoxemia, are independent risk factors for BO after adenovirus pneumonia.Children with above manifestations should receive high resolution CT as soon as possible to determine whether it is BO.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798732

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence and prognosis of tricuspid regurgitation after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects in pediatric patients as well as the risk factors of regurgitation occurrence or aggravation.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 1 108 patients who underwent percutaneous closure in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University from January 2011 to January 2017 was analyzed retrospectively, and the prognosis and risk factors of postoperative tricuspid regurgitation and aggravation were also analyzed.@*Results@#Mild tricuspid regurgitation occurred in 24 cases after surgery with the incidence of 2.1%.Among 5 cases with mild or above preoperative tricuspid regurgitation, the regurgitation was alleviated after surgery in 4 cases.No severe tricuspid regurgitation requiring surgical intervention occurred in any patient during follow-up.Univariate analysis showed that intervention time (P<0.05) and residual shunt (P<0.05) were risk factors for mild or above tricuspid regurgitation after intervention.Binary regression analysis indicated that the size of the occluder (mm) (OR=1.48, 95%CI: 1.13-1.90) and residual shunt (OR=6.53, 95%CI: 1.69-25.30) were risk factors for tricuspid regurgitation after intervention (all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#There is a certain incidence of tricuspid regurgitation after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects, but most tricuspid regurgitation do not need surgical intervention.The intervention time, size of occluder and residual shunt are risk factors of intraoperatively or postoperatively tricuspid regurgitation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810609

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize clinical experience in surgical treatment of supraglottic carcinoma and reconstructive techniques.@*Methods@#Medical files of 184 patients (173 men, 11 women) were collected and retrospectively analyzed, who underwent surgeries between January 2008 and December 2012 at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. Among them, T1, T2, T3 and T4 staging tumors accounted respectively for 14.1% (26/184), 41.9%(77/184), 31.5%(58/184) and 12.5%(23/184). Cervical metastasis was histologically identified in 86 cases (98 for N0, 31 for N1 and 55 for N2). Advanced cases (56 cases at stage Ⅲ and 67 at stage Ⅳ), early cases (22 at stage Ⅰ and 39 at stage Ⅱ) accounted respectively for 66.8% and 33.2%. Supraglottic horizontal laryngectomy or total laryngectomy was performed to allow for tumor excision without compromising margins and the tongue flap or sternohyoidmyofascial flap was subsequently used for repairing the defect after removal of tumor. Survival rates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method.@*Results@#Patients receiving conservation laryngeal surgery accounted for 75.5% (139/184). The 3-year and 5-year survival rates for all cases were 84.2% and 70.7%, respectively. Log-rank test demonstrated that cervical lymph node metastasis, primary tumor staging and clinical TNM staging were significantly associated with prognoses of patients (P=0.003, 0.010, 0.035). Dysphagia was not observed in any case and speech function was maintained in petients with partial laryngectomy.@*Conclusion@#Adequate pre-operative evaluation, individualized treatment, and comprehensive application of flaps for repair are critical to precise tumor excision and reconstruction of laryngeal functions.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL