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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 574-578, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922854

ABSTRACT

@#Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy(FEVR)is a severe clinically and genetically heterogeneous retinal disease which characterized by abnormal development of the peripheral retinal vessels. FEVR presents many clinical phenotypes, the main and typical feature is retinal folds. There are various inheritance modes with high genetic heterogeneity of FEVR including autosomal recessive, X-recessive, autosomal dominant recessive, and other scattered inheritance modes. So far, nine FEVR pathogenic genes have been reported: NDP, FZD4, LRP5, CTNNA1, TSPAN12, ZNF408, KIF11, CTNNB1, and JAG1 genes. These genes are mainly involved in signaling pathways such as Wnt, Notch, and Norrin-β-catenin. This article reviews the above nine FEVR pathogenic genes and their signaling pathways.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical treatment of the tumors at cervicothoracic junction.Methods:A retrospective analyses was performed for 63 patients with tumors at the cervicothoracic junction receiving surgery from Mar 2008 to May 2020 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. Clinical data about manifestation, surgical approach, resection degree and pathological types were collected. There were 43 cases of asymptomatic patients and 20 cases of patients with ≥1 clinical manifestations. Twenty two patients receiving radical resection with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Anterior approach was the most popular treatment in open surgery (24 cases, 38.1%), and 8 cases of anterolateral approach(6 cases of Hemiclamshell incisions, 2 cases of trap-door incisions), 1 case of posterior approach, 2 cases of posterolateral approach and 1 case of supraclavicular combined posterolateral approach.Results:Pathological examination suggested 61 cases of radical resection and 2 cases of microscopic residual. Neurilemmoma was the most common pathological type (27 cases, 42.9%), the second common pathological type was tumor originated from fibrous tissues (6 cases, 9.5%). The 3-year overall survival rate of those 63 patients was 88.9%, while the 5-year overall survival rate was 84.1%.Conclusion:Tumors involving the cervicothoracic junction are characterized as special location, complicated anatomy and various histopathological subtypes. Individualized approach and surgery improve safety and normalization of tumors at cervicothoracic junction treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 739-748, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and involved mechanism of naringenin on acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by ischemia-reperfusion (IR).Methods:The IR-AKI rat model was constructed using the classic bilateral renal pedicle clamping method, then renal function and pathological change were assessed, as well as inflammation-associated genes were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The hub genes were selected through differential gene analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis, and their transcription factors were predicted, which constructed a protein library together. The proteins binding to naringenin were selected by reverse molecular docking analysis and further their binding patterns were predicted to explore the mechanism of naringenin. Finally, the results of bioinformatics were verified by experimental methods.Results:Compared with the AKI group, the kidney pathology of the rats in the naringenin pretreatment group was significantly improved, and the renal tubular injury score was reduced ( P<0.01); meanwhile the serum creatinine level and the mRNA expression of the kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) were significantly decreased (both P<0.05). Compared to sham group, IR-AKI increased the level of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β (all P<0.05), which reversed by naringenin indicated that naringenin inhibited inflammation in IR-AKI. Differential gene analysis was performed on the GSE98622 data set, and 359 differential genes were obtained. In reverse molecular docking, the proteins with smallest binding energy including NFKBIA, BCL3, NFKB2 and RELA were considered to be related to the preventive effect of naringenin, which were mainly enriched in NF-κB-related inflammation pathways. Domain functional analysis of NF-κB-related genes showed that naringenin could stably bind to its key domain. According to quantitative real-time PCR results, naringenin increased BCL3 level after AKI ( P<0.05), and further decreased the expression level of RELA and NFKB2 (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Naringenin protects IR-AKI by alleviating inflammation, and its mechanism is related to increasing BCL3 and thereby inhibiting the NF-κB pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 441-444,c7-1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify dermatopathological features of patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and analyze its correlation with cutaneous diseases activity.Methods:The clinical data and skin biopsies of 48 patients were collected. The relevance was analyzed using Spearman's correlation analysis. The two groups were compared using Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Multi-factors line regression model was established to analyze the relationship between cutaneous disease activity and dermatopathological features.Results:The most common dermatopathological feature was perivascular inflammation (37 cases, 88%), followed by epidermal atrophy (22 cases, 52%) and melanocyte loss (20 cases, 48%), basal vacuolization (15 cases, 36%). The incidence of basal vacuolization ( χ2=9.110, P=0.022), interface dermatitis ( χ2=11.672, P=0.005) and mucin deposition ( χ2=7.795, P=0.029) were significantly different in patients with myositis specific antibody (MSA) subgroup. The patients with positive tranional intermediary factor-1 (anti-TIF1-γ) antibody had higher incidence of interface dermatitis and basal vacuolization, and patients with melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (anti-MDA5) antibody had lower incidence of interface dermatitis. Interface dermatitis was positively associated with epidermal atrophy ( r=0.371, P=0.016) and parakeratosis ( r=0.316, P=0.041). Pigment inco-ntinence was positively associated with basal vacuolization ( r=0.384, P=0.012). Multi-factor line regression showed interface dermatitis was positively related to cutaneous disease area and severity index (CDASI). Conclusion:The dermatopathological features is different in subgroup of patients with DM ( β=10.295, P=0.004). Interface dermatitis is a marker of cutaneous disease activity, and its pathogenesis may be different from that of perivascular inflammation. Keratinocytes may be involved in the pathological process in interface dermatitis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the enteral nutrition (EN) practices in patients with neurological diseases in the tertiary hospitals of northern China in 2020.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted among clinicians in 123 tertiary hospitals of northern China, which admitted patients with neurological diseases and implemented EN practices, in June 2020. The selected departments included neurology, neurological intensive care unit (ICU), neurosurgery ICU, and general ICU. The indicators for evaluation included: the equipment and personnel for EN practices, the application of screening, assessment and implementation methods of EN management, the timing of EN support, the route and methods of EN infusion, and the monitoring of nutrition-related indicators.Results:Concerning the EN practices in the 123 tertiary hospitals of northern China, 82.9% were equipped with weight measuring instruments, 85.4% with EN infusion pumps, 74.8% applied nutrition risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) or nutrition risk in critically ill (NUTRIC) score scale to evaluate the nutritional status of patients, 71.5% applied nutrition assessment scales, 74.8% elevated the head of the bed to ≥ 30 degrees during EN infusion. Only 30.1% were equipped with an indirect calorimetry instruments (metabolic cart), 31.7% had their own standard operating procedures for nutrition management, 46.3% had a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (PEJ) devices, 46.3% had a nutrition support team, 48.0% started EN practices within 48 hours, 57.7% started EN infusion based on Water Swallow Test, and 58.5% stopped EN infusion based on Water Swallow Test.Conclusions:The EN equipments in practices for patients with neurological diseases in tertiary hospitals of northern China were basically adequate, the evaluation and monitoring of EN related indicators were basically consummate. However, there were still some deficiencies warranting further improvement.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore an efficient method of practical teaching for ultrasonography.Methods:There were 41 five-year clinical medical students intending to learn ultrasonography in the spring semester of 2019. After completing common theory courses, they were divided into two groups randomly for practice courses, which consisted of two modules: Lecture and Hands-on. Lecture included case-based learning while Hands-on included pictures reading. Each group followed different sequence of modules. There were assessments of ultrasound theory, practice or the combination of both before, during and after practice courses.Results:The theory and practice ability of each group improved significantly after practice courses ( P < 0.05). Moreover, the group whose Hands-on module preceded Lecture module got the higher scores in the evaluation of the combined ability of theory and practice ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The theory was as important as the practice during the clerkship of ultrasonography. The clinical practical teaching pattern that Hands-on precedes Lecture has achieved better teaching effects.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908259

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically retrieve, evaluate and summarize the research evidence on the measurement method of adult nasogastric tube indwelling length and provide a basis for clinical nursing practice.Methods:To search for Cochrane Library(CD-SR, DARE), Joanna Briggs(JBI), PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science electronic database, China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Wanfang Database, China Knowledge Network from the establishment of the database to December 2018. Two researchers independently evaluated the quality of the literature and extracted the data.Results:A total of 9 articles were included in the study. The recommended anatomical landmarks for measuring the length of the inserted gastric tube included XNE, NEX, XJN, Hanson method, GWNUF model, earlobe to xiphoid to navel-nose tip to earlobe NEX 10 cm. The tip of the nasogastric tube and all its lateral hole locations obtained by the Hanson method, the GWNUF model, and the XEN 10 cm method were more likely to be located in the stomach.Conclusion:Although NEX is an external measurement method that is widely used in clinical practice, it has proven to be insufficiently accurate and has considerable risks. Therefore, the method of measuring the length of the nasogastric tube insertion should be carefully selected for teaching or use in practice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of staged respiratory training in pulmonary rehabilitation nursing of patients with high spinal cord injury.Methods:A total of 76 patients with high spinal cord injury in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2018 to December 2019 were selected as the study subjects, and were divided into the control group and the observation group with random number table method, 38 cases each. The control group was given conventional respiratory training, while the observation group was given staged respiratory training. Both groups were intervened 6 days a week for 8 weeks. The differences of basic indexes, pulmonary ventilation function, respiratory muscle strength and incidence of pulmonary infection between the two groups before and after intervention were compared.Results:After 8 weeks of intervention, the blood oxygen saturation was 0.95±0.04 in the observation group and 0.90±0.04 in the control group, there was significant difference ( t value was 4.229, P<0.001). The percentages of predicted values of maximal vital capacity, forced expiratory vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1s, and maximal ventilation were (69.21±11.38)%, (61.83±11.53)%, (56.50±7.86)%, (51.62±8.73)% in the observation group after 8 weeks of intervention, and (56.70±14.65)%, (49.82±15.06)%, (45.61±10.32)%, (42.30±15.11)% in the control group, there was significant difference ( t values were 3.610-4.967, P<0.001). The inspiratory muscle strength index was (56.12±18.31) cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O= 0.098 kPa) in the observation group after intervention, and (46.61±11.62) cmH 2O in the control group, there was significant different ( t value was 2.806, P<0.01). The incidence of pulmonary infection was 5.26% (2/38) in the observation group and 15.78% (6/38) in the control group, there was no significant difference ( χ2 value was 2.235, P>0.05). Conclusions:Stage respiratory training can promote lung rehabilitation of patients with high spinal cord injury, which is worthy of promotion and application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the mastery of disaster nursing knowledge of clinical nurses in tertiary general hospitals, so as to provide reference basis for formulating disaster nursing training program.Methods:A total of 374 clinical nurses in tertiary general hospitals in Xi ′an, Shaanxi Province from September to October 2020 were investigated by Nursers Disaster Nursing Emergency Knowledge Scale. Results:The score of the included 374 clinical nurses on disaster nursing emergency knowledge was 2.74±0.98 points. The "accident command system" score was 2.55±1.04 points and the "special care and isolation decontamination" score was 2.93±1.00 points which was the lowest and highest respectively. The followings were important factors which influence the score of emergency knowledge: age, education background, working years, professional title, department, post, hearing of disaster nursing or not, participating in disaster rescue training or not, and participating in disaster rescue or not ( F values were 22.093-2 103.285, P<0.001). Conclusions:The disaster nursing knowledge of clinical nurses in tertiary general hospitals is at a relatively low level. It is necessary to strengthen the training of junior nurses and encourage clinical nurses to actively participate in disaster nursing relevant work to enhance disaster nursing capabilities.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907605

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes and compares the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Germany, France, the UK and Netherlands, considering the economic and social situation of countries. The SWOT strategic analysis is carried out on the basis of the proposittion of China-Europe cooperation in TCM, which encourage to carry out joint tackling of TCM for common diseases, jointly promoting the legislation with the guidance of the government and the participation of the public, speeding up the registration and listing of Chinese patent medicine with the focus on the Netherlands and the UK, and optimizing the perspective and strength of TCM publicity with the help of new media. In this way, TCM should be promoted in Europe.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ligustrazine combined with emodin on angiogenesis of ascites carcinoma Walker-256 cells by observing their inhibition against nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B), hypoxia-inducible factor-1<italic>α</italic> (HIF-1<italic>α</italic>), and vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) in HIF signaling pathway. Method:Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, ligustrazine group, emodin group and ligustrazine combined with emodin group. Following the in situ injection of rat ascites carcinoma Walker-256 cells into the liver of normal rats, they were grouped and administered with ligustrazine (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), emodin (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and ligustrazine (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) plus emodin (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) for seven days. Afterwards, the tumor-inoculated liver tissue was sampled from the experimental group and prepared into pathological sections for investigating tumor cell survival and VEGF expression. The <italic>in vitro</italic> hypoxia and hypoglycemia model (oxygen-glucose deprivation model), hypoxia model, and hypoglycemia model of Walker-256 cells were constructed respectively. In the ligustrazine group, emodin group, and ligustrazine combined with emodin group, three consecutive concentrations that did not affect the proliferation of Walker-256 cells were selected for investigation. The drugs were administered before modeling, and the model treatment lasted for 4 h. The levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, VEGF-C, and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in the cell culture supernatant of each group were tested. Result:After the rat liver was inoculated with Walker-256 cells, the total liver mass was significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05), higher than that in the ligustrazine group, the emodin group, or the ligustrazine combined with emodin group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Histopathological examination showed that the response of VEGF expression in the liver tissue of each administration group was lower than that of the model group. At the cellular level, the levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, VEGF-C, and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in oxygen-glucose deprivation model of the ligustrazine group and the ligustrazine combined with emodin group were significantly reduced(<italic>P</italic><0.05), exhibiting a certain dose-dependent response, followed by the reduction in the hypoxia model. The levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in the oxygen-glucose deprivation model and the hypoglycemia model of the emodin(1×10<sup>-2</sup>,1×10<sup>-3</sup> mol·L<sup>-1</sup>) group and the ligustrazine combined with emodin(1×10<sup>-2</sup>,1×10<sup>-3</sup> mol·L<sup>-1</sup>) group were significantly reduced, but there was no significant change in VEGF-C level of the hypoxia model of all the administration groups. Conclusion:Ligustrazine or emodin alone or their combination inhibits the abnormal increase in the weight of rat liver after inoculation with Walker-256 cells and the expression of VEGF in the liver tissue. Ligustrazine and emodin inhibit the protein expression of NF-<italic>κ</italic>B and HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, thereby reducing the gene and protein expression of metastasis-related target VEGF-A activated by HIF-1<italic>α</italic> transcription, restricting tumor cell neovascularization, and inhibiting the invasion and spread of ascites carcinoma cells. Among them, ligustrazine has the most significant effect against hypoxia. Glucose interferes with the effect of ligustrazine. The combination of ligustrazine with emodin is conducive to diminishing the intervention of glucose and stabilizing the inhibition against tumor cells.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 103-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862783

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultrasound elastography in the non-invasive monitoring of liver elasticity of stable recipients at different stages after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 73 stable recipients after liver transplantation were collected. According to the time after liver transplantation, all patients were divided into the early group (n=25) and medium-to-long group (n=48). In addition, 38 healthy subjects were assigned into the control group. The ultrasound indexes and liver function indexes were statistically compared among each group. The ultrasound elastography indexes of liver and spleen were analyzed, and their correlation with liver function indexes was analyzed. Results Compared with the control group, the ultrasound indexes, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were significantly increased in the early group (all P < 0.05), and the ultrasound indexes in the medium-to-long group were significantly increased, whereas the GGT level was significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). Compared with the early group, the right oblique diameter of liver, ALT, GGT and ALP levels were significantly decreased in the medium-to-long group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the sound touch elastography (STE) and sound touch quantify (STQ) values of liver and STE value of spleen in the early group and medium-to-long group were significantly increased (all P < 0.05). Compared with the early group, the ultrasound elastography indexes of liver and spleen in the medium-to-long group were remarkably decreased (all P < 0.05). The ultrasound elastography indexes of liver were weakly correlated with the ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and GGT levels, significantly correlated with ALP level. The STE value of spleen was weakly correlated with the ALP level. The STE value of liver was significantly correlated with the STQ value of liver. The STE and STQ values of liver were weakly correlated with the STE value of spleen. Conclusions The characteristics of liver elasticity in stable recipients after liver transplantation are various among different stages. Persistent monitoring of liver elasticity may provide a novelnon-invasive monitoring method during follow-up after liver transplantation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a Chinese pedigree affected with Angelman syndrome (AS).@*METHODS@#The proband with phenotypes suggestive of AS was subjected to copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq), methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) and high-throughput next generation sequencing (NGS). Variant of the UBE3A gene was verified among family members by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#NGS revealed that the proband has carried a heterozygous variant of the UBE3A gene, namely c.1517G>A (p.R506H). The variant has co-segregated with the disease in the pedigree. Multiple amino acid sequence alignment showed that the site of mutant residue is conserved among nine homologous species. The variant was predicted to be deleterious by bioinformatic analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel variant of the UBE3A gene has been identified in a Chinese pedigree affected with AS. Above finding has further expanded the spectrum of UBE3A gene variants and phenotypes of AS, which also facilitated molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling for the family.


Subject(s)
Angelman Syndrome/genetics , China , DNA Copy Number Variations , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2256-2271, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887794

ABSTRACT

The development of biotechnology and the in-depth research on disease mechanisms have led to increased application of enzymes in the treatment of diseases. In addition, enzymes have shown great potential in drug manufacturing, particularly in production of non-natural organic compounds, due to the advantages of mild reaction conditions, high catalytic efficiency, high specificity, high selectivity and few side reactions. Moreover, the application of genetic engineering, chemical modification of enzymes and immobilization technologies have further improved the function of enzymes. This review summarized the advances of using enzymes as drugs for disease treatment or as catalysts for drug manufacturing, followed by discussing challenges, potential solutions and future perspectives on the application of enzymes in the medical and pharmaceutical field.


Subject(s)
Biocatalysis , Biotechnology , Catalysis , Drug Compounding , Enzymes/metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the feasibility and clinical experience of various types of aortic surgery through upper hemisternotomy.Methods:From June 2016 to October 2019, 63 patients underwent various types of aortic operations through upper hemisternotomy in our department. Among them, there were 51 males and 12 females with an average age of(49.7±12.7) years. All kinds of major vascular operations include: 33 cases of aortic dissection procedure; 9 cases of Bentall procedure; 7 cases of wheat procedure; 2 cases of Ross procedure; 2 cases of David procedure; 2 cases of simple ascending aorta replacement procedure; 3 cases of redo thoracic Bentall procedure; 2 cases of redo thoracic wheat operation; 1 case of redo thoracic aortic root leakage repair procedure; 2 cases of redo thoracic ascending aorta procedure, innominate artery, left common carotid artery replacement and removal of intravalvular vegetation procedure; 1 case of Bentall plus pulmonary valve and pulmonary artery replacement procedure. Among them, aortic dissection included 11 cases of ascending and total arch replacement plus descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 2 cases of AVR plus ascending and total arch replacement procedure; 5 cases of ascending and semi-arch replacement procedure; 4 cases of David plus ascending and total arch replacement plus descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 1 case of redo thoracotomy David plus ascending and total arch replacement with descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 1 case of David plus ascending and total arch replacement procedure; 6 case of AVP/AVR/Bentall plus ascending and total arch replacement and descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 2 cases of redo total arch replacement and descending aortic stent implantation procedure and aortic root vascular graft wrapping plus ascending aorta and 1 case of total arch replacement with descending aortic stent implantation procedure.Results:All 63 cases of operation were successfully completed without transforming to middle sternotomy; 1 case with acute renal failure was treated by dialysis, and then complicated with septic shock and intracranial hemorrhage, and died of ineffective rescue; 2 cases were treated by thoracotomy exploration and hemostasis; 9 cases with pericardial effusion needed pericardiocentesis; 2 cases with lower extremity muscle weakness after operation: one treated by drainage of spinal fluid and the muscle strength of the lower extremities was restored, another one complicated with infection, acute renal failure and hypoxemia was treated by anti-infection, continuous CRRT, gamma globulin infusion and rehabilitation exercise, the muscle strength of the lower extremities was eventually restored. Except for one death in hospital, all the other patients were cured and discharged.Conclusion:Well exposure of aortic root, ascending aorta and descending part of arch can be obtained through upper hemisternotomy and various types of aortic proceduer can be done with satisfactory results through this approach.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of O-6-methylguananine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter methylation status on the treatment and prognosis of elderly patients newly-diagnosed with glioblastoma (GBM).Methods:Clinical data of 65 newly-diagnosed GBM patients admitted to Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy after surgery and 49 patients received temozolomide (TMZ) monotherapy. All patients were divided into the MGMT(+ ) group and MGMT(-) group according to the methylation status of MGMT promoter. Kaplan- Meier method and log-rank test were used for univariate survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results:The median overall survival (OS) for all patients was 18.0 months. The median OS was 27.0 months and 15.3 months in the MGMT(+ ) group and MGMT(-) group, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that tumor number, MGMT promoter methylation, postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy were significantly related to clinical prognosis ( P=0.029, P=0.001 and P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, tumor number and postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy were identified as significant prognostic factors for OS ( P=0.037, P=0.004). In the MGMT(+ ) group, the median OS was 27.0 months for patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy and 12.0 months for radiotherapy alone ( P=0.040). In the MGMT(-) group, the median OS was 17.0 months for concurrent chemoradiotherapy patients and 10.0 months for radiotherapy alone ( P=0.122). Conclusions:MGMT promoter methylation status is significantly associated with longer OS in elderly GBM patients. Conventional fractional radiotherapy combined with concurrent and sequential TMZ chemotherapy probably yields better survival benefits.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the effects of microlecture based on robot carrier on standardized residency training of orthopedics.Methods:Sixty orthopedic residents from our hospital were divided into two groups according to different training methods. One was control group ( n = 30), receiving regular training methods, and the other one was experimental group ( n = 30), receiving additional microlecture based on robot carrier besides regular training methods. The teaching effects of the two groups were compared after the training in orthopedics department. SPSS 20.0 was used for t test. Results:There was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in theoretical tests results [(88.63±10.24) vs. (87.85±9.62), P > 0.05]. The operation test scores in experimental group (92.12±7.52) were significantly better than that in control group (85.35±8.12), with statistical significance ( P < 0.05). The satisfaction scores for teaching in experimental group (90.00%) was significantly higher than that in control group (70.00%) ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Microlecture based on robot carrier could enhance abilities of skills operation for orthopedic residents during the standardized residency training and improve their satisfaction for the teaching effect.

18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 59-64, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of combined exposure to low-level benzene derivatives and noise on hearing loss of workers. METHODS: A total of 216 employees from nine wood furniture factories and four printing factories were selected as research subjects by typical sampling method. Those without exposure to occupational hazardous factors were set as the control group, those exposed to noise alone were set as the noise group, and those exposed to benzene derivatives and noise were set as the combined exposure group. The normalization of equivalent continuous A-weighted sound pressure level to a nominal 8 hours working day(L_(EX,8 h)) and the exposure concentration of time weighted average(C_(TWA)) of benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene in the workplace air of the three groups were detected, and the hearing threshold of 0.5-8.0 kHz in both ears of the research subjects were measured by pure tone audiometry. RESULTS: No benzene was detected in the workplace air of the combined exposure group, and the C_(TWA) of toluene, xylene and ethylbenzene were all lower than the occupational exposure limits. The L_(EX,8 h) of the noise group and combined exposure group were all higher than that of the control group [(85.6±2.5) vs(68.7±4.4) dB(A),(84.3±3.1) vs(68.7±4.4) dB(A), all P<0.05], while the L_(EX,8 h) of the noise group was higher than that of the combined exposure group [(85.6±2.5) vs(84.3±3.1) dB(A), P<0.05]. Compared with the control group, the individual frequency hearing thresholds, average hearing threshold of speech frequency and average hearing threshold of high frequency in both ears in the noise group and the combined exposure group were increased(all P<0.05), and the detection rates of speech frequency hearing loss and high frequency hearing loss were increased(all P<0.02). The hearing thresholds of right ear of 0.5, 1.0 kHz and left ear of 0.5 kHz were increased in the combined exposure group(all P<0.05), and the detection rate of speech frequency hearing loss was increased(16.7% vs 40.8%, P<0.02), when compared with the noise group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the risk of speech frequency hearing loss and high frequency hearing loss in the combined exposure group were higher than that in the control group and the noise group(all P<0.05), after excluding the influence of confounding factors such as education level and smoking.CONCLUSION: The combined exposure to low-level benzene derivatives and noise may have a synergistic effect on the hearing loss in workers.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1532-1536, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881546

ABSTRACT

Torpor refers to a state in which the metabolic activity in the body of the living animal is greatly reduced during the period of reduced food supply, which is manifested as a substantial decrease in body temperature, metabolic level, and exercise level. Mammals have a strict body temperature regulation system to maintain a constant body temperature. When the energy supply is insufficient for a long time, some mammals will enter a hibernation state. Torpor is very similar to the hibernation state. The research on the mechanism of torpor state is of great significance in aerospace, military medicine and other fields. This review summarizes the specific mechanisms regulating the occurrence of torpor from four aspects: adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (adcyap) neurons, leptin, pyroglutamylated RFamide peptide (QRFP) neurons, and sympathetic nervous system, aiming to provide ideas for further research on the mechanism of torpor.

20.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 555-561, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922362

ABSTRACT

Meiosis is an essential step in gametogenesis which is the key process in sexually reproducing organisms as meiotic aberrations may result in infertility. In meiosis, programmed DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation is one of the fundamental processes that are essential for maintaining homolog interactions and correcting segregation of chromosomes. Although the number and distribution of meiotic DSBs are tightly regulated, still abnormalities in DSB formation are known to cause meiotic arrest and infertility. This review is a detailed account of molecular bases of meiotic DSB formation, its evolutionary conservation, and variations in different species. We further reviewed the mutations of DSB formation genes in association with human infertility and also proposed the future directions and strategies about the study of meiotic DSB formation.


Subject(s)
DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA Repair/genetics , Humans , Infertility/genetics , Meiosis/physiology
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