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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 57-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013878

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of acid sphingomyelinase(ASMase)on high-fat induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in mice and its regulation of PPARα- PGC-1α pathway. Methods ASMase knockout mice based on C57BL/6 background were constructed. Closed group heterozygotes were obtained through hybridized with wild-type mice(ASMase+/-),together with the littermate WT mice were prepared for NAFLD model in this study. The experiment was divided into four groups:WT+Chow:the WT mice were fed with normal diet for 12 weeks; WT+HFD:the WT mice were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks; ASMase+/-+Chow:the ASMase+/- mice were fed with normal diet for 12 weeks; ASMase+/- +HFD:the ASMase+/- mice were fed with high fat diet for 12 weeks. Biochemical method was used to detect serum TC,TG and liver TC,TG contents and liver function such as ALT and AST. Oil red staining,HE staining,Masson staining and Sirius red staining were performed to detect liver lipid accumulation,hepatocyte morphology and liver fibrosis. AmplexTM red sphingomyelinase kit was applied to detect ASMase activity. Western blot was performed to detect protein expressions of ASMase,PPARα,PGC-1α and CPT1. Results WT+HFD group displayed hypercholesterolemia and liver dysfunction. Levels of liver triglyceride(TG)were significantly higher than those in WT+Chow group(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Meanwhile,the hepatocytes showed marked steatosis,balloon-like changes,and fibrosis. Protein expression and activity of ASMase in liver increased significantly(P<0.01 or P<0.001),whereas CPT1,PPARα and PGC-1α expressions were not statistically significant compared with matched control group. Heterozygously ASMase-deficient mice reduced the elevated liver TG induced by HFD,as well as improving balloon-like changes and liver fibrosis. Furthermore,the expressions of PPARα,PGC-1α and CPT1 were up-regulated in ASMase+/- +HFD mice compared with WT+Chow group.Conclusions ASMase promotes hepatic steatosis and fibrosis,which may be related to its inhibition of PPARα-PGC-1α pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1223-1229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012397

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application of manual screening collaborated with the Artificial Intelligence TPS-Assisted Cytologic Screening System in urinary exfoliative cytology and its clinical values. Methods: A total of 3 033 urine exfoliated cytology samples were collected at the Henan People's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Liquid-based thin-layer cytology was prepared. The slides were manually read under the microscope and digitally presented using a scanner. The intelligent identification and analysis were carried out using an artificial intelligence TPS assisted screening system. The Paris Report Classification System of Urinary Exfoliated Cytology 2022 was used as the evaluation standard. Atypical urothelial cells and even higher grade lesions were considered as positive when evaluating the recognition sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence-assisted screening systems and human-machine collaborative cytologic screening methods in urine exfoliative cytology. Among the collected cases, there were also 1 100 pathological tissue controls. Results: The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the AI-assisted cytologic screening system were 77.18%, 90.79% and 69.49%; those of human-machine coordination method were 92.89%, 99.63% and 89.09%, respectively. Compared with the histopathological results, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of manual reading were 79.82%, 74.20% and 95.80%, respectively, while those of AI-assisted cytologic screening system were 93.45%, 93.73% and 92.66%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of human-machine coordination method were 95.36%, 95.21% and 95.80%, respectively. Both cytological and histological controls showed that human-machine coordination review method had higher diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity, and lower false negative rates. Conclusions: The artificial intelligence TPS assisted cytologic screening system has achieved acceptable accuracy in urine exfoliation cytologic screening. The combination of manual screening and artificial intelligence TPS assisted screening system can effectively improve the sensitivity and accuracy of cytologic screening and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Urothelium/pathology , Cytodiagnosis , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Urologic Neoplasms/urine
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1170-1185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010819

ABSTRACT

OX40 is a costimulatory receptor that is expressed primarily on activated CD4+, CD8+, and regulatory T cells. The ligation of OX40 to its sole ligand OX40L potentiates T cell expansion, differentiation, and activation and also promotes dendritic cells to mature to enhance their cytokine production. Therefore, the use of agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies for cancer immunotherapy has gained great interest. However, most of the agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies in the clinic are OX40L-competitive and show limited efficacy. Here, we discovered that BGB-A445, a non-ligand-competitive agonistic anti-OX40 antibody currently under clinical investigation, induced optimal T cell activation without impairing dendritic cell function. In addition, BGB-A445 dose-dependently and significantly depleted regulatory T cells in vitro and in vivo via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In the MC38 syngeneic model established in humanized OX40 knock-in mice, BGB-A445 demonstrated robust and dose-dependent antitumor efficacy, whereas the ligand-competitive anti-OX40 antibody showed antitumor efficacy characterized by a hook effect. Furthermore, BGB-A445 demonstrated a strong combination antitumor effect with an anti-PD-1 antibody. Taken together, our findings show that BGB-A445, which does not block OX40-OX40L interaction in contrast to clinical-stage anti-OX40 antibodies, shows superior immune-stimulating effects and antitumor efficacy and thus warrants further clinical investigation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/physiology , Receptors, OX40 , Membrane Glycoproteins , Ligands , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 859-862, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008141

ABSTRACT

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease(sCJD)is a prion-caused degenerative disease of the central nervous system,with the typical clinical manifestation of rapidly progressive dementia.The course of disease is less than 1 year in most patients and more than 2 years in only 2% to 3% patients.We reported a case of sCJD with expressive language disorder and slow progression in this paper.By summarizing the clinical manifestations and the electroencephalograhpy,MRI,and pathological features,we aimed to enrich the knowledge about the sCJD with slow progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/pathology , Brain/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Central Nervous System/pathology
5.
Malaysian Journal of Nutrition ; : 27-37, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005333

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: The ability to self-regulate eating can improve health. This study aimed to determine the relationship between eating self-regulatory skills, diet quantity, and diet quality among Malaysian university students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 132 university students. Eating self-regulatory skill was assessed using the Self-Regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (SREBQ). Dietary intakes from two 24-hour dietary recalls were used to assess diet quantity and quality. Diet quantity was measured as energy and macronutrient intakes, analysed using NutritionistPro. Diet quality was measured using the Malaysian Healthy Eating Index (M-HEI). The relationship between eating self-regulatory skills, diet quantity, and diet quality were evaluated using tests for differences between means and multiple linear regression. Results: Male participants (n=47) consumed more energy than female participants (n=85) (Male: 1850±570 kcal/day, Female: 1596±567 kcal/day, p=0.015). Participants from the Nutrition and Dietetics (N&D) course (n=49) had better M-HEI scores than participants from other health courses (n=83) (N&D course: 52.7±10.5, non-N&D course: 47.2±10.7, p=0.005). The predictors of energy intake were gender (β=-0.193, p=0.023) and SREBQ score (β=- 0.223, p=0.009). Being female and having higher eating self-regulatory skills were associated with lower energy intake. The predictors of diet quality were university course (β=0.240, p=0.005) and SREBQ score (β=0.181, p=0.033). Studying N&D and having higher eating self-regulatory skills were associated with higher M-HEI scores. Conclusion: Higher self-regulation of eating behaviour score is a factor that contributes to lower daily energy intake and higher diet quality score.

6.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 27-35, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005057

ABSTRACT

Light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a kind of rare disease. The misfolding of the light chain of monoclonal immunoglobulin forms amyloid substances and deposit in different tissues and organs, resulting in organ dysfunction. The heart involvement is represented as light chain cardiac amyloidosis (AL-CA), leading to heart failure, arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, valvular and pericardial diseases. Cardiac involvement is crucial for the risk stratification and prognosis prediction of patients with AL. The median survival time of AL-CA patients is 24 months and only 6 months for the heart failure patients. In recent years, the prognosis of patients with AL-CA has been significantly improved, thanks to the advancement in diagnosis & treatment strategies of cardiac amyloidosis, the milestone in the breakthroughs in targeted therapy of AL, and the improvement of coordinated multidisciplinary treatment. This paper focuses on the cardiovascular involvement of AL and briefly illustrates the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and the diagnosis and treatment of AL-CA.

7.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 121-127, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005053

ABSTRACT

Fabry disease is an X-linked inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the GLA gene, resulting in the decreased a-galactosidase A activity and the accumulation of its substrate globotriasylceramide (GL-3) in the heart, kidney and other organs. The main clinical manifestations of cardiac involvement in Fabry disease are left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), myocardial fibrosis, heart failure and arrhythmia, which limit quality of life and represent the most common causes of death. Following the development of enzyme activity and genetics testing, diagnosis of Fabry disease is no longer difficult. The application of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has also significantly slow disease progression. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment have become essential in the management of Fabry disease cardiac involvement. Electrocardiogram, echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance(CMR) allow early detection of suspected patients. In addition, with the approval of oral chaperone therapy and substrate reduction therapy, the Fabry disease specific treatment landscape is evolving. This article will review the general features, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of Fabry disease with cardiac involvement.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1231-1245, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971770

ABSTRACT

Lipid homeostasis is considered to be related to intestinal metabolic balance, while its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) remains largely unexplored. The present study aimed to identify the target lipids related to the occurrence, development and treatment of UC by comparing the lipidomics of UC patients, mice and colonic organoids with the corresponding healthy controls. Here, multi-dimensional lipidomics based on LC-QTOF/MS, LC-MS/MS and iMScope systems were constructed and used to decipher the alteration of lipidomic profiles. The results indicated that UC patients and mice were often accompanied by dysregulation of lipid homeostasis, in which triglycerides and phosphatidylcholines were significantly reduced. Notably, phosphatidylcholine 34:1 (PC34:1) was characterized by high abundance and closely correlation with UC disease. Our results also revealed that down-regulation of PC synthase PCYT1α and Pemt caused by UC modeling was the main factor leading to the reduction of PC34:1, and exogenous PC34:1 could greatly enhance the fumarate level via inhibiting the transformation of glutamate to N-acetylglutamate, thus exerting an anti-UC effect. Collectively, our study not only supplies common technologies and strategies for exploring lipid metabolism in mammals, but also provides opportunities for the discovery of therapeutic agents and biomarkers of UC.

9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 233-243, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential mechanism of Yishen Qutong Granules (YSQTG) for the treatment of esophageal cancer using network pharmacology and experimental research.@*METHODS@#The effective components and molecular mechanism of YSQTG in treating esophageal cancer were expounded based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. The key compound was identified by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) to verify the malignant phenotype of the key compounds in the treatment of esophageal cancer. Then, the interaction proteins of key compounds were screened by pull-down assay combined with mass spectrometry. RNA-seq was used to screen the differential genes in the treatment of esophageal cancer by key compounds, and the potential mechanism of key compounds on the main therapeutic targets was verified.@*RESULTS@#Totally 76 effective compounds of YSQTG were found, as well as 309 related targets, and 102 drug and disease interaction targets. The drug-compound-target network of YSQTG was constructed, suggesting that quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, kaempferol and baicalein may be the most important compounds, while quercetin had higher degree value and degree centrality, which might be the key compound in YSQTG. The HPLC-MS results also showed the stable presence of quercetin in YSQTG. By establishing a protein interaction network, the main therapeutic targets of YSQTG in treating esophageal cancer were Jun proto-oncogene, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, and RELA proto-oncogene. The results of cell function experiments in vitro showed that quercetin could inhibit proliferation, invasion, and clonal formation of esophageal carcinoma cells. Quercetin mainly affected the biological processes of esophageal cancer cells, such as proliferation, cell cycle, and cell metastasis. A total of 357 quercetin interacting proteins were screened, and 531 genes were significantly changed. Further pathway enrichment analysis showed that quercetin mainly affects the metabolic pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B) signaling pathway, etc. Quercetin, the key compound of YSQTG, had stronger binding activity by molecular docking. Pull-down assay confirmed that NF- κ B was a quercetin-specific interaction protein, and quercetin could significantly reduce the protein level of NF- κ B, the main therapeutic target.@*CONCLUSION@#YSQTG can be multi-component, multi-target, multi-channel treatment of esophageal cancer, it is a potential drug for the treatment of esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Network Pharmacology , Quercetin , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 48-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969707

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the characteristics of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) admitted at Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine. We compared the clinical characteristics and prognoses among patients with non-extramedullary disease (EMD), bone-related extramedullary (EM-B) disease, and extraosseous extramedullary (EM-E) disease and further explored the effects of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for EMD. Methods: From January 2015 to January 2022, data of 114 patients (22%) with EMD out of 515 patients with NDMM were retrospectively analyzed; 91 (18%) and 23 (4%) patients comprised the EM-B and EM-E groups, respectively. The clinical characteristics of patients in all groups were compared with the Chi-square test. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Independent prognostic factors were determined using multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. Results: There were no significant differences in age, gender, ISS stage, light chain, creatinine clearance, cytogenetic risk, 17p deletion, ASCT, and induction regimens among the three groups. Overall, 13% of EM-E patients had IgD-type M protein, which was significantly higher than that in EM-B patients (P=0.021). The median PFS of patients in the non-EMD, EM-B, and EM-E groups was 27.4, 23.1, and 14.0 months; the median OS was not reached, 76.8 months, and 25.6 months, respectively. The PFS (vs non-EMD, P=0.004; vs EM-B, P=0.036) and OS (vs non-EMD, P<0.001; vs EM-B, P=0.002) were significantly worse in patients with EM-E, while those were not significantly different between patients with EM-B and those with non-EMD. In the multivariate analysis, EM-E was an independent prognostic factor for OS in patients with NDMM (HR=8.779, P<0.001) and negatively impacted PFS (HR=1.874, P=0.050). In those who did not undergo ASCT, patients with EM-B had significantly worse OS than those with non-EMD (median 76.8 months vs. not reached, P=0.029). However, no significant difference was observed in the PFS and OS of patients with EM-B and those with non-EMD who underwent ASCT. Conclusions: Compared to patients with either non-EMD or EM-B, those with EM-E had the worst prognosis. EM-E was an independent risk factor for OS in patients with NDMM. ASCT can overcome the poor prognosis of EM-B.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Retrospective Studies , China , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Prognosis , Transplantation, Autologous
11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 68-72, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965530

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hookworm infections among vegetable growers in Anhui Province, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the control strategy and interventions for hookworm human infections.. Methods A total of 1 179 vegetable growers were randomly sampled from 7 counties in Anhui province according to the natural ecological function areas in 2018 and 2019, and the basic features and risk factors of hookworm infections were collected from all subjects using a self-designed questionnaire, including living environment, vegetable planting and fertilization, type of household crops, animal feeding, hygiene and labor habits. In addition, stool samples were collected from all participants, and each stool sample was subjected to twice tests with the Kato-Katz technique. The risk factors of hookworm infections were identified among vegetable growers with the Bayesian log-binomial regression model. Results The prevalence of hookworm infection was 3.90% among the 1 179 vegetable growers. The prevalence of hookworm infection was 10.07% (15/149) among unemployed subjects, 5.32% (31/583) among farmers, and 0 among full-time vegetable growers (0/377) and subjects with other occupations (0/70), and there was a significant difference among subjects in terms of occupation (χ2=36.37, P < 0.01). Bayesian log-binomial regression analysis showed that fertilization with human feces [relative risk (RR)=18.25, 95% confidence interval (CI): (4.31, 77.17)], barefoot labor in vegetable fields [RR=2.86, 95% CI: (1.43, 5.70)], and living in plain ecological areas along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River [RR=4.19, 95% CI: (1.19, 14.81)] were independent risk factors of hookworm infections among vegetable growers. Stratified analysis showed that fertilization with human feces, barefoot labor in vegetable fields, drinking well water or mountain spring, and living in plain ecological areas along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River were independent risk factors of hookw, orm infection among farmers, and living in plain ecological areas along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and growing rice were independent risk factors of hookw, orm infection among unemployed individuals. Conclusions The prevalence of hookworm infection is high among vegetable growers in Anhui Province, and fertilization with human feces, barefoot labor in vegetable fields and living in plain ecological areas along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River are risk factors of hookw, orm infections among vegetable growers.

12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 81-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970759

ABSTRACT

The existing dentin bonding systems based on acid-etching technique lead to the loss of both extrafibrillar and intrafibrillar minerals from dentin collagen, causing excessive demineralization. Because resin monomers can not infiltrate the intrafibrillar spaces of demineralized collagen matrix, degradation of exposed collagen and resin hydrolysis subsequently occur within the hybrid layer, which seriously jeopardizing the longevity of resin-dentin bonding. Collagen extrafibrillar demineralization can effectively avoid the structural defects within the resin-dentin interface caused by acid-etching technique and improve the durability of resin-dentin bonding, by preserving intrafibrillar minerals and selectively demineralizing extrafibrillar dentin. The mechanism and research progress of collagen extrafibrillar demineralization in dentin bonding are reviewed in the paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Collagen , Dental Bonding , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Materials Testing , Minerals , Resin Cements/chemistry , Tooth Demineralization
13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 272-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992088

ABSTRACT

Iron is an essential metal element for human body. It is involved in many important biological metabolic processes. Iron metabolism in the central nervous system has a strict regulatory mechanism. Iron deposition occurs when the homeostasis of iron metabolism is disrupted, leading to an increase in neuronal iron uptake and a decrease in iron discharge. Aging cells develop specific iron deposition, and excessive iron produce reactive oxygen species, which can damage DNA. Highly reactive aldehydes result in irreversible modification of proteins. Stored proteins were stimulated to release iron, which in turn produces more reactive oxygen species, ultimately leading to iron-mediated cell death and neurological dysfunction. The widely used methods for assessing iron deposition include susceptibility weighted imaging and quantitative susceptibility mapping. Abnormally elevated brain iron deposition has been observed in a variety of central nervous system diseases, especially in Parkinson disease. Iron deposition plays an important role in early diagnosis, differential diagnosis, disease evaluation and monitoring and therapeutic effect evaluation of Parkinson disease. This article reviews the research progress of iron deposition in Parkinson disease.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 233-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect of phloretin on inflammation and oxidative stress in interleukin (IL)-1β induced orbital fibroblasts (OFs) from Graves orbitopathy (GO) patients and its mechanism.Methods:The orbital fat and connective tissue from 6 eyes of 6 patients diagnosed as inactive GO who underwent orbital decompression in Henan Eye Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected.Primary OFs were isolated and passaged by explant culture and were identified by cell immunofluorescence assay.OFs were divided into control group, IL-1β induced group, and groups of various phloretin concentrations (25, 50, 75, 100 and 200 μmol/L). The viability of OFs after 24- and 48-hour treatment of the various phloretin concentrations was determined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). OFs were induced by IL-1β to simulate an inflammatory environment of GO in vitro.Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels of the normal control group, IL-1β induced group, 50 μmol/L phloretin group and 100 μmol/L phloretin group were detected by fluorescent probe (H 2DCF-DA). The concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in cell culture supernatant of the normal control group, IL-1β induced group and phloretin treated groups (25, 50, 75, and 100 μmol/L) were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) proteins, as well as P38, extracelluar regulated protein kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) proteins as well as their phosphorylated proteins in the MAPK signal pathway of the normal control group, IL-1β induced group and 100 μmol/L phloretin group, were detected by Western blot.The purpose and methods of the study were explained to the patients and their family members.Written informed consent was obtained.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan Provincial People's Hospital (No.HNEECKY-2020[07]). Results:For cultured OFs, the mesenchymal origin was confirmed by positive expression of vimentin and fibroblasts were identified by negative expression of desmin, S-100 and cytokeratin-18.CCK-8 showed that there was no significant difference in absorbance value after 24- and 48-hour treatment between 25 μmol/L, 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups and control group (all at P>0.05). The ROS levels of 50 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were 21.95±1.71 and 10.01±1.03, respectively, which were significantly lower than 39.27±4.01 of IL-1β induced group (both at P<0.01). ELISA showed that IL-6 concentrations in 25 μmol/L, 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were (4 544.25±572.98), (1 000.25±133.96), (724.25±98.63), (519.50±118.02)pg/ml, respectively, which were all significantly lower than (7 581.75±565.93)pg/ml in IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). IL-8 concentrations in 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were (3 679.50±676.76), (2 143.75±616.20), (1 174.75±284.18)pg/ml, respectively, which were all significantly lower than (8 411.00±939.67)pg/ml in IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). The concentrations of MCP-1 in 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were (3 783.25±610.24), (1 565.75±457.89), (745.75±227.01)pg/ml, respectively, which were all significantly lower than (5 533.00±602.87)pg/ml in IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). The relative expression levels of HO-1 and Nrf2 were significantly higher and the relative expression levels of p-P38, p-ERK, and p-JNK were significantly lower in 100 μmol/L phloretin group than IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). Conclusions:Phloretin reduces the oxidative stress level of IL-1β induced OFs from GO patients and inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.The mechanism is related to the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 and the inhibition of the MAPK signal pathway.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 601-607, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014824

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of oral lienal polypeptide on cough and inflammation in mice, in order to expand the clinical application of immune modulator lienal polypeptide and provide a new strategy for relieving cough and inflammation. METHODS: The cough model of mice was induced by concentrated ammonia. The cough frequency and tolerance latency of mice within 6 minutes were recorded every day. The histopathological changes of spleen and lung were evaluated by HE staining and spleen index. TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 levels in spleen and lung of mice was detected by ELISA. RESULTS: Oral administration of spleen polypeptide could prolong the tolerance latency of mice to concentrated ammonia to a certain extent and significantly reduce the cough frequency of mice. HE staining showed that oral spleen polypeptide could significantly reduce the alveolar surface area and improve lung expansion in mice. The results of ELISA showed that oral spleen polypeptide decreased the levels of some proinflammatory factors in spleen and lung. CONCLUSION: Lienal polypeptide can alleviate cough and emphysema like symptoms induced by ammonia, improve immune ability and inflammation in mice.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 96-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI) and total magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) burden in elderly patients with cerebral small vessel diseases (CSVD).Methods:A total of 203 CSVD inpatients aged 60 years and above who were hospitalized in the Department of Neurology of Hebei General Hospital from March 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. The clinical data, transcranial Doppler ultrasound parameters and brain MRI data were collected. According to the total burden score, the patients were divided into low burden group (0-1 point) and high burden group (2-4 points). Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between MCA PI and total MRI burden in the elderly patients with CSVD. Subsequently, the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the value of MCA PI for predicting the high MRI burden of CSVD in the elderly.Results:Hypertension ( OR=2.569, 95% CI 1.068-6.182, P=0.035), systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.033, 95% CI 1.006-1.061, P=0.016), creatinine ( OR=1.044, 95% CI 1.009-1.079, P=0.013) and MCA PI ( OR=1.125, 95% CI 1.087-1.166, P<0.001) were independently correlated with the increasing total MRI burden in the elderly patients with CSVD. Spearman rank correlation analysis revealed that there was strong and positive correlation between MCA PI and high MRI burden in the elderly patients with CSVD ( r=0.65, P<0.001). The analysis showed that when the cut-off for MCA PI was 1.11, it could identify high MRI burden of CSVD in the elderly. The area under the curve was 0.908 (95% CI 0.864-0.953, P<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity were 0.852 and 0.880, respectively. The positive predictive value was 92.38%, and the negative predictive value was 77.70%. Conclusion:The MCA PI is positively correlated with total MRI burden in the elderly patients with CSVD, and has a higher value in predicting the total MRI burden in the elderly CSVD patients, which probably bring brighter prospects for its clinical application.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 513-518, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of nurse-led stress inoculation training on fear of self-injecting and self-testing and self-management behaviors in elderly type 2 diabetic patients and provide reference for diabetes nursing care.Methods:A total of 110 elderly type 2 diabetic patients of Department of Endocrinology of Hainan People′s Hospital from January 2018 to January 2020 were divided into experimental group and control group according to odd and even numbers, with 55 patients in each group. The control group received routine nursing care, while the experimental group implemented nurse-led stress inoculation training for 4 weeks. The intervention effect was assessed by Diabetes Fear of Injecting and Self-testing Ouestionnaire (D-FISQ) and Diabetes self-management behaviors among older (DSMB-O), respectively.Results:In the study, one patient in the experimental group fell off, and finally included 54 cases in the experimental group and 55 cases in the control group. After intervention, the fear of self-injecting scores, fear of self-testing scores, and total D-FISQ scores were 13.15 ± 3.02, 15.67 ± 3.59 and 28.81 ± 5.08 in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (15.25 ± 3.18, 17.56 ± 3.92 and 32.82 ± 4.89), the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.55, 2.63, 4.19, P<0.05). Active exercises, current medication, blood glucose monitoring, dealing with problem, active response, reducing risks scores and total DSMB-O scores were 2.39 ± 0.49, 2.39 ± 0.49, 2.20 ± 0.81, 4.41 ± 0.92, 4.70 ± 1.13, 5.06 ± 0.79 and 25.28 ± 2.57 in the experimental group, significantly higher than those in the control group (3.95 ± 0.85, 2.11 ± 0.85, 1.51 ± 0.50, 3.95 ± 0.78, 4.13 ± 1.43, 4.38 ± 1.16 and 22.09 ± 2.24), the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.10-6.90, P<0.05). Conclusions:Nurse-led stress inoculation training can effectively alleviate fear of self-injecting and self-testing and promote self-management behaviors of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 61-65, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of SKF96365, store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) inhibitor, on liver and kidney injury induced by paraquat (PQ).Methods:A549 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into the control group (DMSO group, SKF 2 μmol/L group, and SKF 10 μmol/L group) and PQ group (PQ+DMSO group, PQ+SKF 2 μmol/L group, and PQ+SKF 10 μmol/L group). The nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) in A549 cells was detected by luciferase reporter gene technique. The mouse model of PQ poisoning was constructed and divided into the control group, SKF group, PQ group and PQ+SKF group. In the PQ group, mice were injected with 50 mg/kg PQ intraperitoneally; in the SKF group, mice were injected intraperitoneally with 10 mg/kg SKF96365 for 3 days. Mice in the PQ+SKF group received 50 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection of PQ once and 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection of SKF96365 daily for 3 days. On the fourth day, the mice were sacrificed, and the liver and kidney tissues were taken. The histopathological changes of liver and kidney tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, and the apoptosis of liver and kidney tissues was observed by TUNEL staining. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the mean values of normally distributed measurement data between groups. Comparisons between groups were performed using the least significant difference t-test. Results:The luciferase reporter gene technology showed that NFAT was significantly activated in the PQ group. After pretreatment with SKF96365, NFAT activation decreased sharply in a dose-dependent manner. HE staining showed that the outline structure of liver and kidney tissues in the PQ groups were unclear, cells swelled and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated; in the PQ+SKF group, liver cell swelling and inflammatory cell infiltration decreased significantly. TUNEL staining showed that the apoptotic cells in liver and kidney tissues increased in the PQ groups, and the apoptosis decreased remarkably in the PQ+SKF group.Conclusions:SOCE inhibitor SKF96365 can significantly reduce the liver and kidney injury caused by PQ.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1252-1260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report 8 patients of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) with real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) positive and analyze their clinical characteristics.Methods:The medical records of patients discharged from Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2018 to May 2021 who were diagnosed with clinically probable sCJD and had RT-QuIC test were retrospectively analyzed. General information (gender, age, initial symptom, main clinical manifestations), accessory examination [brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram, cerebrospinal fluid 14-3-3 protein, prion protein gene, antibodies related to autoimmune encephalitis and paraneoplastic syndrome] were collected. By a telephone-based follow-up survey, data about morality and total duration of course were collected. The patients were divided into two groups according to electroencephalogram, 14-3-3 protein, duration of disease and MRI results, and the differences of fluorescence peak time and fluorescence peak value in RT-QuIC results between groups were compared.Results:Among 8 patients, 7 patients had subacute onset and 1 patient had chronic onset. Main clinical manifestations included progressive cognitive decline (8/8), pyramid sign (5/8), walking instability (4/8), mental and behavior disorder (4/8), myoclonus (4/8), akinetic mutism (4/8), dizziness (3/8), limb shaking (2/8), dysarthria (2/8), visual hallucination (1/8), impaired vision (1/8). All cases had abnormal electroencephalogram and typical periodic sharp slow compound waves (PSWCs) were observed in 5 cases. Brain MRI showed high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex and/or basal ganglia on diffusion-weighted imaging in 7 cases, of which 6 cases involved bilateral basal ganglia. Cerebrospinal fluid 14-3-3 protein was positive in 2 cases, and RT-QuIC was positive in all cases. The fluorescence peak time of RT-QuIC was shorter in patients with PSWCs [(7.617±2.164) h vs (10.602±2.247) h, t=2.84, P=0.010] and high total MRI score [ (7.600±1.907) h vs (9.760±2.457) h, t=2.26, P=0.032]. Conclusions:RT-QuIC detection is a reliable method for early diagnosis of sCJD. RT-QuIC results were related to PSWCs and degree of MRI involvement.

20.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1061-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974021

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To understand the general situation of death causes of permanent residents in Hainan Province from 2014 to 2020, analyze the causes of death, and provide scientific basis for the formulation of policies related to healthy Hainan. Methods The Hainan Provincial Population Death Information Registration and Management System was used to report data, and the death information of permanent residents in Hainan Province from 2014 to 2020 was obtained. Excel 2010 and SPSS 26.0 software were applied to perform statistical analysis related to the indicators including crude mortality rate, standardized mortality rate, ranking of causes of death, and composition ratio; the standardized mortality rate was calculated based on the data of the 2010 National Census Data. Results From 2014 to 2020, the average annual resident population of Hainan Province was 9 175 300, and average annual resident population at each of the eight monitoringp oints is 297 100, anaverage of 83 878 cumulative deaths were reported, the annual total mortality rate was 504.09/100 000, the standard mortality rate was 618.69/100 000. The standardized mortality rates of male and female were 806.18/100 000 and 444.36/100 000 respectively (P<0.01). The mortality rate of all age groups showed that the crude mortality rate of 0~<1 years old group showed a decreasing trend with the passage of time, and the crude mortality rate was significantly higher than that of other age groups. From the age of 20, with the increase of age, the overall crude mortality rate of residents keeps increasing. The crude death rate increases rapidly after the age of 65, and peaks especially after the age of 85. The leading causes of death were circulatory diseases, tumors and respiratory diseases. From 2014 to 2020, the mortality rate of circulatory diseases and tumors, the two main causes of death, was more than 100/100 000. Conclusion Chronic non-communicable diseases are still the first cause of death among permanent residents in Hainan Province. Targeted intervention and treatment of chronic non-communicable diseases is beneficial to reduce their mortality.

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