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1.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 243-250, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005751

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To retrospectively analyze the average carboplatin dosage and calculate the area under the curve (AUC) using the Calvert formula in first-line chemotherapy in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer in The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University so as to evaluate the effect of the AUC difference in the Chinese population on therapeutic efficacy and safety. 【Methods】 We enrolled patients who underwent first-line chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin 3-week regimen in our hospital from January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2022. According to the median of AUC, the patients were divided into high-dose group and low-dose group. The overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and the incidence of adverse events (AEs) were compared. 【Results】 A total of 153 patients were enrolled in this study and the median AUC of carboplatin was 3.981 (range 2.314-5.446). Only 10.46% patients (16/153) had an AUC above 5. There were 77 patients with the AUC0.05). The ORR in the low-dose group and the high-dose group was 59.74% and 57.89%, respectively, and the DCR was 87.01% and 85.53%, respectively. The median PFS of the two groups was 14 and 15.5 months, respectively, and the median OS was 50 and 55 months, respectively. None of the above outcomes were statistically different between the two groups (P>0.05). The two groups showed significant differences in the incidence of anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (P<0.05). The incidence of nausea and vomiting, grade 1-2 diarrhea or constipation, and grade 1-2 fever showed significant differences (P<0.05). In addition, the incidence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT), including grade 4 thrombocytopenia and febrile neutropenia (FN), was significantly increased in the high-dose group (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Compared with the recommended AUC 5-6 of carboplatin abroad, the actual carboplatin dosage in the first-line chemotherapy for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer was generally insufficient in our hospital. There was no difference in therapeutic efficacy between the patients with AUC<4 and AUC≥4. However, considering the increased risk of some AEs and DLT in the high-dose group, it is not recommended to increase the carboplatin AUC blindly.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5102-5112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008680

ABSTRACT

In this study, the evidence map system was used to sort out the clinical research evidence on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of vertigo and understand the evidence distribution in this field. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Web of Science were searched for the clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis on TCM treatment of vertigo in recent five years, and the evidence was analyzed and presented in the form of text and charts. The Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions was used to evaluate the quality of the clinical RCT, and the AMSTAR mea-surement tool was used to evaluate the quality of the systematic reviews/Meta-analysis. A total of 382 RCTs and eight systematic reviews/Meta-analysis were included. In recent five years, the number of published articles has been on the rise. There were many intervention measures and TCM therapies for vertigo. Outcome indicators mainly included clinical efficacy, TCM syndrome score, vertigo score, occurrence of adverse reactions, and effective rate. The overall quality of clinical RCT and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis was low. Most studies have proven the potential efficacy of TCM in treating vertigo, but there was still no clear clinical evidence of efficacy. The results show that TCM has advantages in the treatment of vertigo, but there are also problems. More high-quality studies are still lacking, suggesting that more large-sample and multi-center RCT should be conducted in the future, and the quality of relevant syste-matic reviews/Meta-analysis should be improved to fully explore the advantages of TCM in the treatment of vertigo, and provide strong support for the effectiveness and safety of TCM in the treatment of vertigo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Syndrome , Publications , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 38-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969705

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effects of low- and intermediate-dose factor Ⅷ (F Ⅷ) prophylaxis in Chinese adult patients with severe hemophilia A. Methods: Thirty adult patients with severe hemophilia A who received low- (n=20) /intermediate-dose (n=10) F Ⅷ prophylaxis at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital affiliated with Nanjing University Medical College were included in the study. The annual bleeding rate (ABR), annual joint bleeding rate (AJBR), number of target joints, functional independence score of hemophilia (FISH), quality of life score, and health status score (SF-36) before and after preventive treatment were retrospectively analyzed and compared. Results: The median follow-up was 48 months. Compared with on-demand treatment, low- and intermediate-dose prophylaxis significantly reduced ABR, AJBR, and the number of target joints (P<0.05) ; the improvement in the intermediate-dose prophylaxis group was better than that in the low-dose prophylaxis group (P<0.05). Compared with on-demand treatment, the FISH score, quality of life score, and SF-36 score significantly improved in both groups (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion: In Chinese adults with severe hemophilia A, low- and intermediate-dose prophylaxis can significantly reduce bleeding frequency, delay the progression of joint lesions, and improve the quality of life of patients as compared with on-demand treatment. The improvement in clinical bleeding was better with intermediate-dose prophylaxis than low-dose prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Factor VIII/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Hemarthrosis/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/drug therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970937

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of different types of heart failure on long-term renal prognosis in patients with renal insufficiency and heart failure. Methods: The patients with renal insufficiency [baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1] and heart failure followed-up for more than 2 years and hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The patients were divided into three groups based on the baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF, LVEF < 40%) group, heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF, 40% ≤ LVEF < 50%) group, and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF, LVEF ≥ 50%) group. Clinical data were collected and endpoint events (adverse renal outcome: the composite outcome of all-cause death or worsening renal function) were recorded through the electronic medical record system. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the incidence of endpoint events of different heart failure subgroups. Cox regression model was performed to analyze the risk factors of endpoint events. Results: A total of 228 patients with renal insufficiency complicated with heart failure were included, with age of (68.14±14.21) years old and 138 males (60.5%). There were 85 patients (37.3%) in the HFrEF group, 40 patients (17.5%) in the HFmrEF group, and 103 patients (45.2%) in the HFpEF group. There were statistically significant differences in age, proportion of age > 65 years old, sex distribution, systolic blood pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, serum sodium, serum calcium, hemoglobin, serum cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, serum uric acid, troponin I, hypersensitive C-reactive protein, LVEF, ventricular septal thickness, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, B-type natriuretic peptide, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and proportions of using beta blockers, using spirolactone, myocardial infarction, hypertension, cardiomyopathy and atrial fibrillation (all P < 0.05). During the median follow-up of 36.0 (28.0, 46.0) months, 73 patients (32.0%) had adverse renal outcomes. The total incidences of adverse renal outcomes were 32.9% (28/85) in the HFrEF group, 35.0% (14/40) in the HFmrEF group, and 30.1% (31/103) in the HFpEF group. Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that there was no significant difference in the incidence of endpoint events among the three groups (log-rank test χ2=0.17, P=0.680). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HFpEF (HFrEF as reference, HR=2.430, 95% CI 1.055-5.596, P=0.037) was an independent influencing factor of endpoint events. Conclusions: The long-term renal prognosis of patients with renal insufficiency and heart failure is poor. Compared with HFrEF, HFpEF is an independent risk factor of poor long-term renal prognosis in renal insufficiency patients with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Stroke Volume/physiology , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid , Prognosis , Renal Insufficiency/epidemiology , Kidney/physiology , Cholesterol
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 71-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970503

ABSTRACT

Wuzhuyu Decoction, the classical formula recorded in the Treatise on Febrile Diseases(Shang Han Lun), has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classic Prescriptions(the First Batch). Consisting of Euodiae Fructus, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, and Jujubae Fructus, it is effective in warming the middle, tonifying deficiency, dispelling cold, and descending adverse Qi, and is widely applied clinically with remarkable efficacies. For a classical formula, the chemical composition is the material basis and an important premise for quantity value transfer. This study aimed to establish a rapid identification method of chemical components in Wuzhuyu Decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry(HR-MS) and molecular network. AQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used for sample separation, and acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water was used as mobile phases for gradient elution. Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and GNPS molecular network was plotted according to the similarity of MS/MS fragmentation modes. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to screen molecular clusters with similar structures. Finally, the chemical components of Wuzhuyu Decoction were rapidly identified according to the controls, as well as the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular weight of HR-MS, and MS/MS multistage fragments. A total of 105 chemical components were identified in Wuzhuyu Decoction. This study can provide data for the follow-up quality control, standard substance research, and pharmacodynamic material research on Wuzhuyu Decoction, as well as references for the rapid qualitative analysis of the chemical components of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control
6.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 86-93, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the global epidemic status of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) and assess the importation risk into China.@*METHODS@#Data from World Health Organization reports were used. We described the global epidemic status of EVD from 1976-2021, and assessed and ranked the importation risk of EVD from the disease-outbreaking countries into China using the risk matrix and Borda count methods, respectively.@*RESULTS@#From 1976-2021, EVD mainly occurred in western and central Africa, with the highest cumulative number of cases (14,124 cases) in Sierra Leone, and the highest cumulative fatality rate (85%) in the Congo. Outbreaks of EVD have occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Guinea since 2018. The importation risk into China varies across countries with outbreaks of disease. The Democratic Republic of the Congo had an extremely high risk (23 Borda points), followed by Guinea and Liberia. Countries with a moderate importation risk were Nigeria, Uganda, Congo, Sierra Leone, Mali, and Gabon, while countries with a low importation risk included Sudan, Senegal, and Co


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola/prevention & control , Epidemics , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Guinea/epidemiology , Sierra Leone/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 126-130, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of patients with primary bone lymphoma (PBL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with PBL treated in our center from 2005 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, the clinical characteristics and the factors affecting prognosis of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of all the 21 newly diagnosed PBL patients was 40(12-71) years old. Ostealgia was the initial symptom in most of the patients (19/21,90.5%). 42.9%(9/21) of the patients showed single bone lesion only. 571% (12/21) of the patients showed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. 28.6% (6/21) of the patients showed anaplastic large cell lymphoma and 9.5% (2/21) of the patients showed T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. All the patients received chemotherapy (CHOP or CHOP like regimen, 33.3% plus rituximab) with or without radiotherapy and/or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). 18 patients achieved clinical remission (including 15 for CR and 3 for PR). The median follow-up time was 48 months. The 5-year overall survival rate and progression-free survival rate of the patients were was 67.5% and 63.7%, respectively. The single factors analysis showed that ASCT was the important prognostic factor of PFS, while the single or multiple bone lesion was the factors affecting OS of the patients. There were no statistical differences with the effects of age, sex, stage, ECOG score, LDH level, B symptoms and radiotherapy for the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common pathological type of PBL. Chemotherapy is the main treatment, which can be combined with radiotherapy and/or ASCT. The ASCT and the number of bone lesion are the factors for long time survival of the patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Autologous , Vincristine
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 410-414, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935881

ABSTRACT

To provide references for the diagnosis and treatment of congenital granular cell tumor (CGCT), by comprehensive analysis of the clinical data, histopathological and immunohistochemical results. Patients with CGCT were involede, from March 2015 to November 2020, at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. A total of 6 children, aged 3-16 days, 1 male and 5 female, 5 maxillary and 1 mandibular, with maximum tumor diameter of 6-70 mm, were included. The lesions of CGCT were single and connected to the alveolar ridge by a pedicle. The surface of the tumor was covered with a vascular network, and two cases had ulcers on the surface of the tumor. All 6 cases had the tumor removed surgically and there was no recurrence or metastasis in the follow-up visit. Although CGCT is rare, it is a benign tumor and generally does not recur or metastasize after surgery, and has a good prognosis. The prenatal imaging, clinical manifestations after delivery, pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical analyses may provide reference for early diagnosis and treatment of CGCT.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Diagnosis, Differential , Gingival Neoplasms/surgery , Granular Cell Tumor/surgery
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 345-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935699

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the phenotypes of epilepsy in patients with MBD5 gene variants. Methods: A total of 9 epileptic patients, who were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from July 2016 to September 2021 and detected with MBD5 gene pathogenic variants, were enrolled. The features of clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 9 patients, 6 were male and 3 were female. Age at seizure onset ranged from 5 to 89 months. Multiple seizure types were observed, including generalized tonic clonic seizures (GTCS) in 7 patients, myoclonic seizures in 5 patients, focal seizures in 5 patients, atypical absence seizures in 3 patients, atonic seizures in 2 patients, myoclonus absence seizures in 1 patient, epileptic spasms in 1 patient, and tonic seizures in 1 patient. There were 8 patients with multiple seizure types, 2 patients with sensitivity to fever and 5 patients with clustering of seizures. Two patients had a history of status epilepticus. All patients had developmental delay before seizure onset. Nine patients had obvious language delay, and 6 patients had autism-like manifestations. Five patients had slow background activity in EEG. Interictal EEG showed abnormal discharges in 9 patients. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was normal in all patients. A total of 9 epileptic patients carried MBD5 gene variants, all of them were de novo variants. There were MBD5 gene overall heterozygous deletion in 1 patient, large fragment deletions including MBD5 gene in 3 patients and single nucleotide variations (c.300C>A/p.C100X, c.1775delA/p.N592Tfs*29, c.1759C>T/p.Q587X, c.150_151del/p.Lys51Asnfs*6, c.113+1G>C) in 5 patients. The age at last follow-up ranged from 2 years and 9 months to 11 years and 11 months. At the last follow-up, 2 patients were seizure-free for more than 11 months to 4 years 6 months, 7 patients still had seizures. Conclusions: The initial seizure onset in patients with MBD5 gene variants usually occurs in infancy. Most patients have multiple seizure types. The seizures may be fever sensitive and clustered. Developmental delays, language impairments, and autistic behaviors are common. MBD5 gene variants include single nucleotide variations and fragment deletions. Epilepsy associated with MBD5 gene variants is usually refractory.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Electroencephalography , Epilepsies, Myoclonic/genetics , Epilepsy/genetics , Fever , Nucleotides , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 21-29, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940382

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the protective effect of Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang (CLMT) on dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease with depression (PDD) model rats, and to explore the mechanism based on adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (AMPK/mTOR) signaling pathway. MethodAmong the 80 male SD rats, 10 were randomly selected as normal group and the rest were treated with long-term low-dose subcutaneous injection of rotenone in the neck and back combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to establish PDD rat model. The successfully modeled PDD rats were randomly divided into model group, western medicine group (madopar 0.032 g·kg-1+fluoxetine hydrochloride 0.002 g·kg-1), CLMT low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (5, 10 and 20 g·kg-1), 10 rats in each group. Normal group and model group were administrated with the same amount of normal saline by gavage for 4 consecutive weeks. Behavioral changes of rats in each group were evaluated by open field test and pole climbing test. The content of dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in cerebrospinal fluid was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPCL). The pathological changes of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The positive expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and expression of α-synuclein in substantia nigra were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF), repsectively. The protein expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR) was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the conditions in normal group, the total horizontal distance and the activity time in the central region in open field test and the content of DA and 5-HT in cerebrospinal fluid were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the time of pole climbing was shortened (P<0.01), with increased score (P<0.01) in model group. Compared with model group, CLMT high-dose group and western medicine group increased the total horizontal distance and activity time in the central region and the content of DA and 5-HT (P<0.05, P<0.01), and extended the time of climbing pole (P<0.05), with decreased score (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with those in normal group, the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra was reduced, with narrowed and loosely arranged cell body. The fluorescence expression of α-synuclein was enhanced (P<0.01), and the positive expression of TH was decreased (P<0.01) in model group. Compared with model group, CLMT high-dose group and western medicine group showed elevated number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, with enlarged cell body, and decreased fluorescence expression of α-synuclein, and enhanced the positive expression of TH (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with normal group, model group had lowered expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ, p-AMPK/AMPK in striatum (P<0.05, P<0.01) and increased expression of p-mTOR/mTOR (P<0.01). Compared with those in model group, LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and p-AMPK/AMPK expression were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01) and p-mTOR /mTOR expression was decreased (P<0.01) in CLMT high-dose group and western medicine group. ConclusionCLMT exerts a neuroprotective effect by inhibiting rotenone neurotoxicity. It enhances the level of DA, and thus improves the depression condition in rats with Parkinson's disease. The underlying mechanism may be related to the regulation of AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway, activation of autophagy, and promotion of degrading α-synuclein.

11.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 200-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907044

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the imaging characteristics of the mandibular nerve canal in adults to provide a reference for clinical mandibular surgery.@*Methods@# One thousand adult patients in Guiyang Stomatological Hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were randomly selected. Cone beam CT (CBCT) was used to observe the anterior mandibular canal and other branches, and the incidence of anterior canal in the mandibular ramus area, posterior molar area and molar area and the distance to each point of the mandible were measured.@*Results@#Of the 901 patients (1 802 sides) included in the study, 386 patients (42.84%) found branches of the mandibular canal, and 182 patients (97 males and 85 females) found the Anterograde Canal 20.20% (182/901). In total, 225 mandibles were found to have anterior canals. There were 101 cases of left mandible and 124 cases of right mandible. The forward canal mainly occurred in the molar area, the molar posterior area and the ascending branch area, and the ascending branch area was the best starting point of the forward canal and the molar stopping point (P < 0.05). The average length of the forward canal (L1) was (10.364 ± 3.833) mm, the average height of the forward canal to the main trunk of the mandibular nerve (L2-RRB) was (3.623 ± 2.035) mm, and the average height of the forward canal to the crest of the alveolar ridL3 (l3) was (9.280 ± 3.240) mm.@*Conclusion@#Mandibular nerve canal branches are common, and there were no differences in male, female and lateral distribution. In this study, the incidence of mandibular anterior canal was the highest, and it often occurred in the molar area.

12.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 690-697, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen and other approaches for treating the osteoradionecrosis of the jaws (ORNJ) systematically.@*METHODS@#According to the preset inclusion and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials and cohort studies on hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of ORNJ were screened, and foreign language databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library were searched via a computer; Chinese databases such as CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data, and CBM were searched from the established database to September 2020. Relevant books were searched manually to collect all literatures on the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen and its related therapies in ORNJ treatment. Two researchers were independent and mutually blind, the papers were selected, data were collected, and the bias risk was evaluated. If any difference was detected, it would be decided by discussion or arbitrated by a third party. The data related to the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen and its related therapy in the treatment of the ORNJ were extracted, and the Revman5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis. In case of large heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis was performed. A funnel chart was used to evaluate possible publication bias qualitatively.@*RESULTS@#Four randomized controlled trials and seven cohort studies were included in Meta-analyses. In ORNJ treatment, no significant differences between the group subjected to hyperbaric oxygen and both surgery and antibiotics and the group that underwent both surgery and antibiotics (RR=1.16, 95%CI: 0.86~1.58, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperbaric oxygen therapy cannot replace surgery and antibiotic therapy. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is not superior to antibiotics and antifibrotic drugs, but the benefits of antifibrotic drugs should be further explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Jaw , Osteoradionecrosis/therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 185-190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906160

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a great treasure house, exhibiting unique advantages in the treatment of some difficult and critical diseases. The incidence rate of membranous nephropathy has increased year by year in recent years, and has become the first cause of primary glomerular diseases. However, its pathogenesis is not clear. Modern medicine often uses immunosuppressive therapy, but it often faces the problems of high side effects and high recurrence rate. The China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) invited clinical experts of TCM and western medicine to fully discuss membranous nephropathy, which was later confirmed to be one of the clinical diseases responding specifically to TCM. Apart from summarizing the pathogenesis and clinical diagnosis and treatment of membranous nephropathy in both TCM and western medicine, this paper also detailed TCM cognition, syndrome differentiation, and therapeutic schemes of membranous nephropathy, aiming to improve the clinical remission rate of membranous nephropathy and provide reference for its clinical treatment.

14.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 96-99, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886099

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the hospitalization time and family financial burden of children under 14 years old with severe asthma in this region. Methods Children under 14 years old with severe asthma who were admitted to our hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 as a result of an acute attack were selected in this study. Questionnaire surveys, hospital charging system, and follow-up methods were used to collect clinical data, length of hospital stay, and direct and indirect costs of the children with asthma. Stepwise regression was applied to analyze the factors influencing the total cost. Results A total of 206 children were enrolled from 2017 to 2019, including 117 males and 89 females, with an average age of (7.24±1.53) years old. The total age distribution mainly consisted of six months to 3 years old (33.01%), >3 to 4 years old (24.27%), and >6-13 years old (20.39%). The onset season was mainly autumn and winter (33.01%). The average length of hospital stay was (8.50±1.42) d. The annual average family cost was (6884.20±957.61) RMB. The length of hospital stay decreased year by year, while the total cost increased year by year (P<0.05). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the length of hospitalization, antibiotic use time, and presence/absence of allergic rhinitis, pulmonary heart disease and GINA standard treatment were the related factors affecting the total cost in children with severe asthma (P<0.05). Conclusion From 2017 to 2019, the hospitalization time of children under 14 years old with severe asthma in this region decreased over time, while the total cost gradually increased. Shortening the hospitalization time, actively preventing and controlling complications, and standardizing treatment can effectively reduce the financial burden of children's families.

15.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 95-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885988

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the systematic reviews of acupuncture for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and to provide evidence for clinical decisions. Methods: Published systematic reviews targeting acupuncture treatment of DPN were searched using computer through both Chinese and English databases till July 1, 2019. Two researchers screened the papers based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and conducted report quality evaluation, methodological quality assessment and evidence quality grading using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), assessment of multiple systematic review 2 (AMSTAR 2) and grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE). Results: Ten systematic reviews were included, involving 11 outcome measures. According to PRISMA, 6 items were sufficiently reported while 1 item was not; AMSTAR 2 appraised that all the included systematic reviews were of low quality in the methodological evaluation; according to GRADE, of the 30 clinical evidences, only 5 were graded moderate while the remained were graded low or extremely low. Descriptive analysis showed that acupuncture can significantly improve DPN symptoms, accelerate the conduction velocities of sensory and motor nerves, and up-regulate the content of plasma nitric oxide (NO), while the adverse reaction rate was low. Conclusion: Acupuncture can produce satisfactory clinical efficacy in treating DPN, but the existing problems, such as low-quality evidence, unitary outcome measures, poor methodological quality of systematic reviews and nonstandard reporting, need to be treated cautiously; meanwhile, more high-quality clinical trials are required to elevate the level of evidence.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1544-1550, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881551

ABSTRACT

Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is an unpredictable serious adverse drug reaction, which only occurs in a minority of special susceptible individuals. Although the mechanism of IDILI has not been fully understood, several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the action mode and specific mechanism of IDILI. Of these hypotheses, inflammatory stress hypothesis is one of the most important theories. Under the condition of inflammatory stress, drugs interact with inflammation and mediate the occurrence of IDILI through a variety of mechanisms, which can induce the production of inflammatory cytokines, activate coagulation system, affect the activity of metabolites, induce cholestasis, affect mitochondrial damage, and others. This review will summarize the main mechanisms and influencing factors of IDILI mediated by inflammatory stress, in order to provide a reference for preclinical drug development and basic research on drug-induced liver injury.

17.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 309-316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904313

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Our group previously reported that right-sided vagus nerve stimulation (RVNS) significantly improved outcomes after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a rat model of cardiac arrest (CA). However, whether left-sided vagus nerve stimulation (LVNS) could achieve the same effect as RVNS in CPR outcomes remains unknown. METHODS: A rat model of CA was established using modified percutaneous epicardial electrical stimulation to induce ventricular fibrillation (VF). Rats were treated with LVNS or RVNS for 30 minutes before the induction of VF. All animals were observed closely within 72 hours after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and their health and behavior were evaluated every 24 hours. RESULTS: Compared with those in the RVNS group, the hemodynamic measurements in the LVNS group decreased more notably. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) decreased the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and the arrhythmia score, and attenuated inflammatory infiltration in myocardial tissue after ROSC, regardless of the side of stimulation, compared with findings in the CPR group. Both LVNS and RVNS ameliorated myocardial function and increased the expression of α-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in the myocardium after ROSC. Moreover, a clear improvement in 72-hour survival was shown with VNS pre-treatment, with no significant difference in efficacy when comparing the laterality of stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: LVNS may have similar effects as RVNS on improving outcomes after CPR.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 814-820, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878055

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Vitamin D deficiency has been reported to be associated with diabetic microvascular complications, but previous studies have only focused on the relationship between vitamin D and specific complications. Therefore, we aimed to explore the relationship between vitamin D level and diabetic microvascular complications in general, including diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic nephropathy (DN), and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).@*METHODS@#This was a cross-sectional study of 815 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Clinical information and laboratory results were collected from the medical records. The relationship between vitamin D and the three diabetic microvascular complications was investigated.@*RESULTS@#The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 [OH] D) level of patients with DPN and/or DN was significantly lower than that of T2DM patients without any microvascular complications (P < 0.01). Univariate analysis showed that the 25 (OH) D level was related to DPN and DN, but not DR. After adjustment, the 25 (OH) D level was confirmed to be an independent protective factor for DPN (odds ratio [OR]: 0.968, P = 0.004]) and DN (OR: 0.962, P = 0.006). The prevalence of DPN and DN increased significantly as the serum 25 (OH) D levels decreased. Furthermore, patients with both DPN and DN had the lowest concentration of serum 25 (OH) D (P < 0.001), and the prevalence of macroalbuminuria increased more abruptly than that of microalbuminuria across the 25 (OH) D tertiles. Among the patients with vitamin D insufficiency, those with DPN presented more comorbid macroalbuminuria than those without DPN (15.32% vs. 4.91%; P = 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin D deficiency is independently associated with higher risk of DPN and DN, but not DR, in T2DM patients. Further, it may be a potential predictor for both the occurrence and severity of DPN and DN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies , Diabetic Neuropathies , Risk Factors , Vitamin D
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 796-805, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) binding to cholecystokinin 2 receptor (CCK2R) on methamphetamine (METH)-induced neuronal apoptosis, and to explore the signal transduction mechanism of β-arrestin 2 in CCK-8 inhibiting METH-induced neuronal apoptosis.@*METHODS@#SH-SY5Y cell line was cultured, and HEK293-CCK1R and HEK293-CCK2R cell line were constructed by lentivirus transfection. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to knockdown the expression of β-arrestin 2. Annexin Ⅴ-FITC/PI staining and flow cytometry were used to detect the apoptotic rate of cells, and Western blotting was used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The apoptosis of SH-SY5Y cells was induced by 1 mmol/L and 2 mmol/L METH treatment, the number of nuclear fragmentation and pyknotic cells was significantly increased, and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were increased. CCK-8 pre-treatment at the dose of 0.1 mmol/L and 1 mmol/L significantly reversed METH-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells, and inhibited cell nuclear fragmentation, pyknosis and the changes of apoptosis-related proteins induced by METH. In lentivirus transfected HEK293-CCK1R and HEK293-CCK2R cells, the results revealed that CCK-8 had no significant effect on METH-induced changes of apoptosis-related proteins in HEK293-CCK1R cells, but it could inhibit the expression level of apoptosis-related proteins in HEK293-CCK2R cells induced by METH. The inhibitory effect of CCK-8 on METH-induced apoptosis was blocked by the knockdown of β-arrestin 2 expression in SH-SY5Y cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CCK-8 can bind to CCK2R and exert an inhibitory effect on METH-induced apoptosis by activating the β-arrestin 2 signal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/physiology , Central Nervous System Stimulants/pharmacology , HEK293 Cells , Methamphetamine/pharmacology , Sincalide/pharmacology
20.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 350-358, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829006

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Moxifloxacin (MFX) shows good activity against and can be a possible antibiotic therapy to treat infection; however, other studies have shown a lower or no activity. We aimed to evaluate MFX activity against using zebrafish (ZF) model .@*Methods@#A formulation of labeled with CM-Dil was micro-injected into ZF. Survival curves were determined by recording dead ZF every day. ZF were lysed, and colony-forming units (CFUs) were enumerated. Bacteria dissemination and fluorescence intensity in ZF were analyzed. Inhibition rates of MFX and azithromycin (AZM, positive control) were determined and compared.@*Results@#Significantly increased survival rate was observed with different AZM concentrations. However, increasing MFX concentration did not result in a significant decrease in ZF survival curve. No significant differences in bacterial burdens by CFU loads were observed between AZM and MFX groups at various concentrations. Bacterial fluorescence intensity in ZF was significantly correlated with AZM concentration. However, with increasing MFX concentration, fluorescence intensity decreased slightly when observed under fluorescence microscope. Transferring rates at various concentrations were comparable between the MFX and AZM groups, with no significant difference.@*Conclusion@#MFX showed limited efficacy against using ZF model. Its activity needs to be confirmed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Moxifloxacin , Pharmacology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Drug Therapy , Mycobacterium abscessus , Zebrafish
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