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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 320-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare Liguatrazine opthalmic liposome therm osensitive gel ,and to investigate its in vivo and in vitro characteristics. METHODS :The ammonium sulfate gradient method was used to prepare Liguatrazine liposomes. The preparation technology was optimized by using orthogonal test. Using poloxamer P 407 as gel matrix ,Liguatrazine liposomes were prepared into thermosensitive gel. A membraneless model was used to study the dissolution and in vitro drug release of the gel. The modified Franz diffusion cell was used to investigate corneal permeability and further determine corneal hydration value. The effects of the gel on the proliferation of human corneal epithelial cell HCE-T. HE staining and Draize test were used to investigate the stimulatory effects of the gel on corneal cells of the rabbit ,and the histological changes of the eyes were observed. RESULTS :The optimal preparation technology of Liguatrazine liposome was drug-lipid ratio of 1 ∶ 10(m/m),the ammonium sulfate concentration of 0.2 mol/L,phospholipid-cholesterol ratio of 4∶1(m/m),incubation temperature of 45 ℃. Then ligustrazine opthalmic liposome thermosensitive gel was prepared with 23% poloxamer P 407 as gel matrix. The gel had good gelatinization temperature. The in vitro drug release and dissolution showed zero-order kinetic characteristics ,and in vitro drug release of the gel was mainly related to dissolution (R2=0.993 4). The cumulative transcorneal permeability of the gel was 43.3% within 6 hours and corneal hydration value was 72.98%. Low and medium concentrations (1,5 mg/L)of Ligustrazine opthalmic liposome thermosensitive gel had no obvious proliferation toxicity to HCE-T cells ,but it showed cytotoxicity at high concentration (10 mg/L). The mean Draize eyeirritation score of the gel on rabbit cornea was within non-stimulation,and there was no abnormal change in rabbit (No.2018001) corneal histology. CONCLUSIONS : Prepared Ligustrazine opthalmic liposome thermosensitive gel has a suitable phase transition temperature ,good corneal permeability ,and low corneal irrit ation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with concomitant severe carotid and coronary artery disease.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with concomitant severe carotid artery stenosis and coronary artery disease undergoing simultaneous CEA and CABG at Peking University People′s Hospital from Jan 2011 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The mean ages was 69 years old.The operation adopted the strategy of CEA first and then CABG. Conventional CEA with carotid arterial shunting was performed. The primary composite end points were perioperative cardiovascular and neurological adverse event rates, as well as the late follow-up outcomes. The technical success rate was 100%. There were no adverse cardiovascular events during the perioperative period. Ischemic stroke occurred in 2 patients. No early death was observed. Seventeen cases were successfully followed up for 1-103 months. One patient developed cerebral infarction after 8 months, one developed acute myocardial infarction 43 months after surgery. No cases suffered from carotid artery restenosis. The 5-year overall survival rate was 91%.Conclusions:Simultaneous CEA and CABG treatment for patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease is safe with few perioperative cardiovascular events and no deaths.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 615-620, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of synthetic MRI in quantitative monitoring of knee joint structural and cartilage changes of amateur marathon runners before and after the whole marathon.Methods:Totally 26 amateur marathon enthusiasts from Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province were recruited from October 2019 to January 2020. The right knee joints were scanned 1 week before the race and within 48 h after the race. The scanning sequence included the three-dimensional proton density weighted image with isotropic (3D-CUBE-PD) sequence and synthetic MRI sequence. The conventional contrast weighted images T 1WI, T 2WI, proton density (PD) weighted imaging, short-T 1 inversion recovery (STIR) and T 1, T 2, PD mapping were obtained by the latter scans. The 3D-CUBE-PD sequence was used as a reference to evaluate the detection of knee joint lesions. The knee articular cartilage was divided into 8 subregions: central medial femoral condyle (CMFC), posterior medial femoral condyle (PMFC), central lateral femoral condyle (CLFC), posterior lateral femoral condyle (PLFC), medial tibia plateau (MTP), lateral tibia plateau (LTP), patella and trochlear. Based on the synthetic MRI quantitative mapping, the T 1, T 2 and PD values of each cartilage subregion were measured independently by 2 radiologists. The ICC was used to evaluate the consistency of the measurement between observers. The T 1, T 2 and PD values of knee cartilage before and after marathon exercise were compared by Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results:The 2 radiologists had good consistency in the measurement of T 1, T 2 and PD values of knee articular cartilage with the ICC values of 0.912, 0.933 and 0.954, respectively. The synthetic MRI quantitative mapping sequence can detect all cartilage damage ( n=3) and joint effusion ( n=15), and 7 of 9 meniscus injuries were detected. The T 1, T 2 and PD values of the knee cartilage as a whole before the race were higher than those after race, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The T 1 values were statistically significant except patellar cartilage and trochlear cartilage, and T 2 values were significantly different in the CMFC, LTP, MTP ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Synthetic MRI has a good display of knee joint structural lesions, and its quantitative parameters T 1, T 2 and PD can detect the changes of knee cartilage before and after marathon.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 155-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the effect of andrographolide (AD) on the expression of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors in rat type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells (AECⅡ) stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods:The AECⅡ cells RLE-6TN in the logarithmic growth phase were divided into 5 groups: the normal control (NC) group, the LPS group, and the 6.25, 12.5, and 25 mg/L AD groups (AD 6.25 group, AD 12.5 group, AD 25 group). The NC group was cultured with RPMI 1640 conventional medium. In the LPS group, 5 mg/L LPS was added to the RPMI 1640 conventional medium for stimulation. Cells in the AD groups were treated with 6.25, 12.5, and 25 mg/L AD in advance for 1 hour and then given LPS to stimulate the culture. The cells and cell culture supernatant were collected 24 hours after LPS stimulation. The protein and mRNA expressions of tissue factor (TF), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), and plasminogen activator inhibition-1 (PAI-1) in cells were detected by Western blotting and real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The levels of procollagen Ⅲ peptide (PⅢP), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), antithrombin Ⅲ (AT-Ⅲ) and activated protein C (APC) in the cell supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:Compared with the NC group, the protein and mRNA expressions of TF and PAI-1 in the LPS group were significantly increased, and the protein and mRNA expressions of TFPI were significantly reduced. At the same time, the levels of PⅢP and TAT in the cell supernatant were significantly increased, the levels of AT-Ⅲ, APC were significantly reduced. Compared with the LPS group, the protein and mRNA expressions of TF and PAI-1 in AD 6.25 group, AD 12.5 group, AD 25 group were significantly reduced [TF/GAPDH: 0.86±0.08, 0.45±0.04, 0.44±0.04 vs. 1.32±0.10, TF mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 2.59±0.25, 2.27±0.05, 1.95±0.04 vs. 4.60±0.26, PAI-1/GAPDH: 2.11±0.07, 1.45±0.04, 0.86±0.09 vs. 2.56±0.09, PAI-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 3.50±0.22, 2.23±0.29, 1.84±0.09 vs. 6.60±0.27, all P < 0.05], while the protein and mRNA expressions of TFPI were significantly increased [TFPI/GAPDH: 0.78±0.05, 0.81±0.03, 0.84±0.07 vs. 0.36±0.02, TFPI mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.46±0.09, 0.69±0.07, 0.91±0.08 vs. 0.44±0.06, all P < 0.05]. Also the levels of PⅢP and TAT in the cell supernatant were significantly reduced, and the levels of AT-Ⅲ and APC were significantly increased [PⅢP (μg/L): 13.59±0.23, 12.66±0.23, 10.59±0.30 vs. 15.82±0.29, TAT (ng/L): 211.57±6.41, 205.69±4.04, 200.56±9.85 vs. 288.67±9.84, AT-Ⅲ (μg/L): 102.95±3.86, 123.92±2.63, 128.67±1.67 vs. 92.93±3.36, APC (μg/L): 1 188.95±14.99, 1 366.12±39.93, 1 451.15±29.69 vs. 1 145.55±21.07, all P < 0.05]. With the increase of the dose of AD, the above-mentioned promotion and inhibition effects became more obvious. In the AD 25 group, TF, PAI-1 protein and mRNA expressions decreased, TFPI mRNA expression increased, PⅢP level in the supernatant decreased and AT-Ⅲ, APC levels increased compared with AD 6.25 group, the difference was statistically significant, and the decrease of PAI-1 protein expression and PⅢP level in the supernatant were also statistically significant compared with AD 12.5 group. Conclusions:Andrographolide in the dose range of 6.25-25 mg/L can dose-dependently inhibit the expression and secretion of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitor-related factors in AECⅡ cells RLE-6TN stimulated by LPS, and promote the secretion of anticoagulant factors. 25 mg/L has the most obvious effect.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of berberine on procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors produced by rat type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell (AECⅡ) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods:AECⅡ cells (RLE-6TN cells) were cultured in vitro, and the cells in logarithmic growth phase were collected. The cytotoxicity text of berberine was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) to determine the drug concentration range according to inhibition concentration of half cells (IC 50). The RLE-6TN cells were divided into five groups, the cells in blank control group were cultured in DMEM; the cells in LPS group were stimulated with 5 mg/L LPS; and the cells in berberine pretreatment groups were pretreated with 20, 50 and 80 μmol/L berberine for 1 hour, and then were co-cultured with 5 mg/L LPS. The cells were collected after LPS induced for 24 hours. The protein and mRNA expression levels of tissue factor (TF), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in the cells were detected by Western blotting and real-time fluorescence quantification reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The levels of activated protein C (APC), precollagen Ⅲ peptide (PⅢP), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and antithrombin Ⅲ (ATⅢ) in the cell supernatant were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:According to the inhibition rate curve, the IC 50 of berberine on RLE-6TN cells was 81.16 μmol/L. Therefore, 20, 50 and 80 μmol/L were selected as the intervention concentration of berberine. Compared with the blank control group, the expression and secretion of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors were abnormal in RLE-6TN cells after LPS induced for 24 hours. The protein and mRNA expression levels of TF and PAI-1 in the LPS group were significantly increased, but the protein and mRNA expression levels of TFPI were significantly decreased. Meanwhile, the levels of APC and ATⅢ in the cell supernatant were significantly decreased, while the levels of PⅢP and TAT were significantly increased. After pretreatment with berberine, the abnormal expression and secretion of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors induced by LPS were corrected in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 80 μmol/L. Compared with the LPS group, the protein and mRNA expression levels of TF and PAI-1 in the berberine 80 μmol/L group were significantly decreased [TF protein (TF/GAPDH): 0.45±0.02 vs. 0.55±0.03, TF mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.39±0.08 vs. 1.48±0.11, PAI-1 protein (PAI-1/GAPDH): 0.37±0.02 vs. 0.64±0.04, PAI-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.14±0.29 vs. 4.18±0.44, all P < 0.01] and those of TFPI were significantly increased [TFPI protein (TFPI/GAPDH): 0.53±0.02 vs. 0.45±0.02, TFPI mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.94±0.08 vs. 0.40±0.05, both P < 0.01]. Meanwhile, the levels of APC and ATⅢ in the cell supernatant were significantly increased [APC (μg/L): 1 358.5±26.0 vs. 994.2±23.1, ATⅢ (μg/L): 118.0±7.4 vs. 84.4±2.7, both P < 0.01], while those of PⅢP and TAT were significantly decreased [PⅢP (μg/L): 11.2±0.4 vs. 18.6±0.9, TAT (ng/L): 222.1±2.8 vs. 287.6±7.0, both P < 0.01]. Conclusions:Berberine could inhibit the LPS-induced expressions of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors in rat AECⅡ cells and promote the expressions of anticoagulant factors in a dose-dependent manner. Berberine may be a new therapeutic target for alveolar hypercoagulability and fibrinolysis inhibition in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of nourishing feeding in patients with acute respiratory failure.Methods:One hundred patients with acute respiratory failure who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, China from December 2018 to March 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group ( n = 50/group). After admission, all patients were actively treated and given enteral nutritional support. The gastric tube was indwelled. The head of the bed was elevated by 30-40°. The control group was given enteral nutrition which could reach the target dose within 2 days. The observation group was given nourishing feeding. Before and after 7 days of treatment, serum levels of hemoglobin (Hb), albumin (ALB) and total plasma protein as well as white blood cell and lymphocyte counts were determined. Intestinal tolerance was monitored during the treatment period. Mechanical ventilation time, length of intensive care unit stay, total hospital stay, and infection were compared between the control and observation groups. The number of deaths within 60 days after admission was recorded. Results:After treatment, serum levels of ALB, Hb and total plasma protein in the observation group were (49.86 ± 2.41) g/L, (134.96 ± 9.23) g/L, (54.18 ± 3.96) g/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(42.34 ± 2.29) g/L, (127.49 ± 6.11) g/L, (42.86 ± 2.88) g/L, ( t = 15.99, 4.77, 16.35, all P < 0.01). After treatment, serum levels of ALB, Hb and total plasma protein in each group were significantly increased compared with before treatment (all P < 0.05). After treatment, white cell count in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(7.96 ± 1.06) × 10 9/L vs. (10.27 ± 2.35) × 10 9/L, t = 6.34, P < 0.01]. Lymphocyte count in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(1.19 ± 0.47) × 10 9/L vs. (1.02 ± 0.34) × 10 9/L, t = 2.07, P = 0.04]. After treatment, white cell count in each group was significantly decreased, and lymphocyte count in each group was significantly increased compared with before treatment (both P < 0.05). Intestinal intolerance rate in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (22.0% vs. 52.0%, χ2 = 9.65, P < 0.01). The duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay and total hospital stay in the observation group were (14.75 ± 5.36) d, (15.81 ± 6.28) d and (24.94 ± 7.18) d, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(18.69 ± 8.64) d, (27.96 ± 8.44) d and (29.84 ± 8.65) d, t = 2.74, 8.17 and 3.08, all P < 0.01]. The infection rate in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (24.0% vs. 44.0%, χ2 = 4.46, P = 0.03). Conclusion:Nourishing feeding for enteral nutrition in patients with acute respiratory failure can better improve the nutritional status, reduce the level of systemic inflammation, improve the immune function, can be tolerated by the intestine, avoid infection, and promote the rehabilitation of patients with acute respiratory failure.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of primary cardiac tumors in infants and children.Methods:The clinical information for 21 patients with primary cardiac tumor in the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from May 2010 to August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.Their median age was 7 months (gestational age 26 weeks-15 years old, and 6 cases were found in fetal phase) and 10 cases of them were male, 11 cases were girl.The clinical features, treatment methods and prognosis were summarized.Results:Among the 21 patients, 8 cases had an atypical heart murmur, 2 cases with chest tightness and chest pain, 2 cases with congestive heart failure, 1 case with dizziness and amaurosis, 1 case with cerebral artery embolism, 1 case with higher inflammatory index, and 9 cases were asymptomatic.Totally, 13 cases underwent surgical resection.All of them were confirmed as benign tumors, including 4 cases of rhabdomyoma, 3 cases of myxoma, 3 cases of fibroma and 2 cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) and 1 case of teratomas.There was no death during perioperative period.Follow-ups were performed from 3 months to 7 years, and 3 cases had recu-rrence (2 cases with myxomas and 1 cases with IMT). There were 8 cases without treatment, of which 7 cases were clinically diagnosed as transverse leiomyoma.During the follow-up, 3 cases disappeared, 1 case became small, 2 cases had no obvious change, and 1 case was lost to follow-up.One case was considered to be malignant tumor, and died within half a year.Conclusions:Primary cardiac tumors in children are mostly benign, especially transverse leiomyoma, and their clinical manifestations are diverse.Pathological examination is the golden standard for diagnosis.Surgical treatment is a radical method for most cardiac tumors, some benign tumors can be treated with drug adjuvant therapy, while the prognosis is poor for malignant cardiac tumor patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of soluble growth stimulating expression gene 2 protein (sST2) combined with neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the prediction of nosocomial cardiovascular adverse events in patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP) myocardial injury.Methods:Patients with ACOP myocardial injury from January 2017 to December 2019 in Emergency Ward and EICU of Harrson International Peace Hospital, Hebei Medical University were enrolled. NLR was calculated by routine blood examination on admission, and sST2 (T 0sST2, T 3dsST2) was detected by ELISA on admission and at 3 days after admission. According to the occurrence of cardiovascular adverse events, the patients were divided into the event group and the non-event group. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of in-hospital cardiovascular adverse events. ROC curve was used to analyze the value of sST2, NLR, sST2 and NLR combined in predicting the occurrence of in-hospital cardiovascular adverse events in patients with ACOP myocardial injury. Results:Totally 255 patients with ACOP myocardial injury were included in the final analysis. NLR was (13.38±4.33) in the event group and (9.57±4.22) in the non-event group, T 3dsST2 was (61.59±22.67) ng/mL in the event group and (40.52±13.14) ng/mL in the non-event group, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.01). T 0sST2 was (265.34±89.95) ng/mL in the event group and (242.43±93.09) ng/mL in the non-event group, with no statistically significant difference ( P=0.333). Logistic regression analysis showed that NLR ( OR=1.270, 95% CI: 1.125-1.434, P<0.01) and T 3dsST2 ( OR=1.082, 95% CI: 1.052-1.114, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for nosocomial cardiovascular adverse events in patients with ACOP myocardial injury. The optimal cutoff value of T 3dsST2 was 44.5 ng/mL, and of NLR was 12.08. The sensitivity and specificity of dual T 3dsST2 and NLR in predicting nosocomial cardiovascular adverse events was 79.3% and 82.7%, respectively (AUC 0.857, Youden index 0.620). Conclusions:T 3dsST2 and NLR are independent risk factors for the nosocomial cardiovascular adverse events in patients with ACOP myocardial injury. The predictive cutoff values are 44.5 ng/mL for T 3dsST2 and 12.08 for NLR. Combination of T 3dsST2 and NLR has a practical predictive value for nosocomial cardiovascular adverse events in patients with ACOP myocardial injury.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882392

ABSTRACT

Although endovascular therapy improves the recanalization rate of acute large vessel occlusive ischemic stroke, about half of the patients still have poor functional outcome at 90 d, which is called " futile recanalization" . This article reviews and summarizes the predictive factors of futile recanalization after endovascular therapy in acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke, in order to provide help for clinical work and scientific research in the future.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881088

ABSTRACT

Huashi Baidu prescription (HSBDF), recommended in the Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Pneumonia (On Trials, the Seventh Edition), was clinically used to treat severe corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with cough, blood-stained sputum, inhibited defecation, red tongue etc. symptoms. This study was aimed to elucidate and profile the knowledge on its chemical constituents and the potential anti-inflammatory effect in vitro. In the study, the chemical constituents in extract of HSBDF were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS in both negative and positive modes, and the pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to determine the effects of HSBDF in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The results showed that a total of 217 chemical constituents were tentativedly characterized in HSBDF. Moreover, HSBDF could alleviate the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the cell models, indicating that the antiviral effects of HSBDF might be associated with regulation of the inflammatory cytokines production in RAW264.7 cells. We hope that the results could be served as the basic data for further study of HSBDF on anti-COVID-19 effect.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 475-492, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880902

ABSTRACT

RNF20, an E3 ligase critical for monoubiquitination of histone H2B at lysine 120 (H2Bub), has been implicated in the regulation of various cellar processes; however, its physiological roles in adipocytes remain poorly characterized. Here, we report that the adipocyte-specific knockout of Rnf20 (ASKO) in mice led to progressive fat loss, organomegaly and hyperinsulinemia. Despite signs of hyperinsulinemia, normal insulin sensitivity and improved glucose tolerance were observed in the young and aged CD-fed ASKO mice. In addition, high-fat diet-fed ASKO mice developed severe liver steatosis. Moreover, we observed that the ASKO mice were extremely sensitive to a cold environment due to decreased expression levels of brown adipose tissue (BAT) selective genes, including uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1), and impaired mitochondrial functions. Significantly decreased levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparγ) were observed in the gonadal white adipose tissues (gWAT) from the ASKO mice, suggesting that Rnf20 regulates adipogenesis, at least in part, through Pparγ. Rosiglitazone-treated ASKO mice exhibited increased fat mass compared to that of the non-treated ASKO mice. Collectively, our results illustrate the critical role of RNF20 in control of white and brown adipose tissue development and physiological function.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of overexpression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 on the proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma U251 cells by suppressing the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1@*METHODS@#The expression of lncRNA MEG3 and HIF1@*RESULTS@#The expression of MEG3 was significantly lower and HIF1@*CONCLUSIONS@#MEG3 overexpression inhibits the proliferation and invasion of U251 cells through suppressing the expression of HIF1


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880115

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors affecting the chronicity of childhood primary immune thrombo-cytopenia (ITP) and compare the efficiency of different first-line treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#Children with ITP hospitalized in our hospital from September 2013 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Three hundred and one children (150 males and 151 females) were included in this study, with a median age of 8 (0.17-17) years old, and 110 (36.5%), 92 (30.6%), and 99 (32.9%) cases were grouped into newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic ITP, respectively. The median of follow-up was 41.92 (1.07-74.03) months. At the end of the follow-up (October 2019), among the 202 newly diagnosed/persistent ITP children, 79 cases (59 newly diagnosed and 20 persistent ITP) achieved remission within 1 year after initial diagnosis, with a remission rate of 39.3%; 122 cases (50 newly diagnosed and 72 persistent ITP) developed chronic disease, with a chronicity rate of 60.7%; one case underwent splenectomy. In 99 cases with chronic ITP, 5 cases underwent splenectomy. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that, the insidious onset of symptoms (OR=3.754, 95%CI: 1.882-7.488, P=0.000) increased the risk of chronicity, while the positive antibody to anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (OR=0.446, 95%CI: 0.224-0.888, P=0.021) might reduce the risk of chronicity. And no difference was found by the analysis of subtype of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (P=0.305). The efficacy of the first-line treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) alone or combined with steroid was better than that of steroid alone (P=0.028, 0.028), however, the efficiency was not significantly different between IVIG alone and combined with steroid (P=0.086).@*CONCLUSION@#Insidious onset of symptoms in pediatric ITP increases the risk of chronicity, while the positive titer of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein may reduce the risk. In the first-line treatment for the newly diagnosed/persistent children. The efficacy of IVIG alone or combined with steroid is better than that of steroid alone.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare therapeutic efficacy of modified single-needle arthroscopic repair technique and Fast-Fix technique in repairing longitudinal meniscus injuries.@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to July 2017, patients with longitudinal meniscus injuries who underwent meniscal repair surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Ninety-one patients treated with modified single-needle technique and 77 patients were treated with Fast-Fix technique, the average age were (26.7±7.6) and (27.9±6.1) years old respectively, the average lengths of follow-up were (32.5±9.2) and (33.2±11.9) months, respectively. Operation cost, suture time, intraoperative failure rate and postoperative failure rate were used as clinical outcomes, MRI of knee joint was used as main diagnosis and evaluation basis; 2000 IKDC subjective score, Lysholm score and Tegner activity scale were compared between two groups preoperatively, 12 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. Intraoperative and postopertaive complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Fast-Fix group, patients in modified single-needle technique group had lower operation costs [(645.7±133.1 vs.(12 184.8±4 709.8), @*CONCLUSION@#Modified single-needle arthrscopicrepair technique could achieve the similar therapeutic efficacy as Fast-Fix technique, and it has advantageds of simple opertion and more economical. This study recommends clinical application of modified single-needle arthrscopic repair technique in treating meniscus injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Humans , Knee Injuries/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879190

ABSTRACT

Child Compound Endothelium Corneum(CCEC)has the effects in invigorating the spleen and appetizing the appetite, and dissolving the accumulation of food. The recent studies have proved that it could improve gastrointestinal motility, restore physiological gastrointestinal peristalsis, increase gastrointestinal digestive motility, and enhance appetite. This trial aimed to evaluate its clinical efficacy and safety in the treatment of children's anorexia(spleen-stomach disharmony). A total of 240 children with anorexia in line with the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into experimental group and control group, with 120 in each group. Patients in the experimental group took CCEC and Erpixing Granules simulant. Patients in the control group took Erpi-xing Granules and CCEC simulant. After 21 days of treatment, there was no statistical difference in the recovery rate of anorexia, reduced food intake, eating time, weight change, traditional Chinese medicine syndrome effect, single symptom effect, and trace element Zn recovery rate between the two groups. Based on the non-inferiority test, the experimental group was not inferior to the control group in efficacy. How-ever, the effect of CCEC in reducing appetite in children with anorexia was better than that of control drugs(P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions between the two groups during the trial. This experiment confirmed the efficacy and safety of CCEC in the treatment of children's anorexia(spleen-stomach disharmony), with a safety and re-liability in clinical application. In addition, it was a better choice for children with anorexia who were mainly manifested by reduced appetite. Meanwhile, compared with granule, chewable tablets were more convenient to take in clinic. Therefore, the efficacy and safety of CCEC for the treatment of children's anorexia(spleen-stomach disharmony) were not inferior to those of Erpixing Granules, with a safety and reliability in clnic. However, due to the small sample size of this trial, the efficacy results only show a trend. It is suggested to further carry out a large-sample-size clinical study to define the clinical advantages of CCEC.


Subject(s)
Anorexia/drug therapy , Child , Double-Blind Method , Endothelium , Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Spleen , Stomach , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879154

ABSTRACT

In order to study the alkaloids from branches and leaves of Ervatamia hainanensis, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and HPLC chromatography were used to obtain six alkaloids from the branches and leaves of E. hainanensis with use of. Based on the physicochemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as 10-hydroxydemethylhirsuteine(1), 3R-hydroxycoronaridine(2), 3-(2-oxopropyl)coronaridine(3), pandine(4), 16-epi-vobasine(5), and 16-epi-vobasinic acid(6). Among them, compound 1 was a new monoterpenoid indole alkaloid, and compounds 5 and 6 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Tabernaemontana
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878923

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess whether chrysin(ChR) can inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell and produce anti-pulmonary fibrosis effect by regulating the NF-κB/Twist 1 signaling pathway. Sixty rats were randomly divided into the control group, the bleomycin(BLC) group, BLC+ChR(50 mg·kg~(-1)) group and BLC+ChR(100 mg·kg~(-1)) group, with 15 rats in each group. The pulmonary fibrosis model was induced by intratracheal injection of BLC(7 500 U·kg~(-1)). Rats were orally administered with different doses of ChR after BLC injection for 28 days. The cells were divided into control group, TGF-β1 group(5 ng·mL~(-1)), and TGF-β1+ChR(1, 10, 100 μmol·L~(-1)) groups. The type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells were treated with TGF-β1 for 24 h, and then treated with TGF-β1 for 48 h in the presence or absence of different doses of ChR(1, 10 and 100 μmol·L~(-1)). The morphological changes and collagen deposition in lung tissues were analyzed by HE staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemistry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of collagen Ⅰ, E-cadherin, zonula occludens-1(ZO-1), vimentin, alpha smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B alpha(IκBα), nuclear factor-kappa B p65(NF-κB p65), phospho-NF-κB p65(p-p65) and Twist 1 in lung tissues and cells were detected by qPCR and Western blot, respectively. The animal experiment results showed that as compared with the BLC group, after administration of ChR for 28 days, bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats was significantly relieved, collagen Ⅰ expression in lung tissues was significantly reduced(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and EMT of alveolar epithelial cells was obviously inhibited [the expression levels of E-cadherin and ZO-1 were increased and the expression levels of vimentin and α-SMA were decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01)], concomitantly with significantly reduced IκBα and p65 phosphorylation level in cytoplasm and decreased NF-κB p65 and Twist 1 expression in nucleus(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The cell experiment results showed that different doses of ChR(1, 10 and 100 μmol·L~(-1)) significantly reduced TGF-β1-induced collagen Ⅰ expression(P<0.05 or P<0.01), significantly inhibited EMT of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells[the expression levels of E-cadherin and ZO-1 were increased and the expression levels of vimentin and α-SMA were decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01)], and inhibited IκBα and p65 phosphorylation in cytoplasm and down-regulated NF-κB p65 and Twist 1 expression in nucleus induced by TGF-β1(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The results suggest that ChR can reverse EMT of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell and alleviate pulmonary fibrosis in rats, and its mechanism may be associated with reducing IκBα phosphorylation and inhibiting NF-κB p65 phosphorylation and nuclear transfer, thus down-regulating Twist 1 expression.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Animals , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Flavonoids , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 designed @*METHODS@#The cariogenic three-species biofilm consis-ted of the cariogenic @*RESULTS@#The biomass and density of the cariogenic three-species biofilm treated with GH12 decreased compared with those of the control. The number of @*CONCLUSIONS@#GH12 can reduce the number of


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Dental Caries , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins , Streptococcus mutans
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1191-1198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of skin diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prominent around the world. The current scope of knowledge regarding the prevalence of skin diseases and comorbidities with type 2 DM (T2DM) is limited, leading to limited recognition of the correlations between skin diseases and T2DM.@*METHODS@#We collected 383 subjects from the Da Qing Diabetes Study during the period from July 9th to September 1st, 2016. The subjects were categorized into three groups: Normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and T2DM. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of skin diseases were recorded and investigated.@*RESULTS@#In this cross-sectional study, 383 individuals with ages ranging from 53 to 89-year-old were recruited. The overall prevalence of skin diseases was 93.5%, and 75.7% of individuals had two or more kinds of skin diseases. Additionally, there were 47 kinds of comorbid skin diseases in patients with T2DM, of which eight kinds of skin diseases had a prevalence >10%. The prevalence of skin diseases in NGT, IGT, and T2DM groups were 93.3%, 91.5%, and 96.6%, respectively; stratified analysis by categories showed a statistically significant difference in "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". The duration of T2DM also significantly associated with the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". Subsequently, the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was higher in males than females in NGT (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.01) groups. In addition, the difference in the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was also significant in NGT and T2DM groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There was a high prevalence of skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study. To address the skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study, increased awareness and intervention measures should be implemented.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Female , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/epidemiology
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