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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 231-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic value of three quantitative evaluation methods based on three-dimensional rapid fluid attenuation inversion recovery sequence (3D-FLAIR) vein-enhanced labyrinth images in endolymphatic hydrops.Methods:From October 2017 to April 2019, a retrospective study was conducted on 86 patients with unilateral otogenic vertigo who were admitted to Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. MRI was performed 8 h after the single-dose Gd-DTPA intravenously injection in all patients. Three evaluation methods were used to calculate the ratio of the endolymphatic area to the total lymphatic area, the ratio of the saccule to utricle area, and the ratio of the endolymphatic volume to the total lymphatic volume, respectively. The paired t test was used to compare the three ratios between the affected and healthy ears. With clinical diagnosis as the gold standard, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to analyze the efficacy of three methods in diagnosing endolymphatic hydrops. Results:Totally 65 cases were finally diagnosed endolymphatic hydrops clinically. There were statistically significant differences of all the 3 ratios between the affected and healthy ears ( t=9.93, 7.22, 8.20, all P<0.001). The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of endolymph/total lymph area ratio, saccule/utricle area ratio, endolymph/total lymph volume ratio for diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops were 0.882, 0.768, 0.884 (all P<0.001). And there were no significant differences between each paired AUCs (all P>0.05). Conclusions:All three methods of endolymph/total lymph area ratio, saccule/utricle area ratio, endolymph/total lymph volume ratio can quantitatively evaluate endolymphatic hydrops. The endolymphatic/total lymphatic area ratio method is still the most convenient method at present.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939786

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of Yixin Ningshen Tablet (YXNS) on comorbidity of myocardial infarction (MI) and depression in rats and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#The Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups with 7 rats in each group according to their weights, including control, model, fluoxetine (FLXT, 10 mg/kg), low-dose YXNS (LYXNS, 100 mg/kg), and high-dose YXNS (HYXNS, 300 mg/kg) groups. All rats were pretreated with corresponding drugs for 12 weeks. The rat model of MI and depression was constructed by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery and chronic mild stress stimulation. The echocardiography, sucrose preference test, open field test, and forced swim test were performed. Myocardial infarction (MI) area and myocardial apoptosis was also detected. Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), corticosterone (CORT), and norepinephrine (NE) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The proteins of adenosine 5'-monophosphate -activated protein kinase (AMPK), p-AMPK, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), and nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) in heart were detected by Western blot analysis. The expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1), kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO), and kynureninase (KYNU) in hippocampus were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, the cardiac function of rats treated with YXNS improved significantly (P<0.01). Meanwhile, YXNS effectively reduced MI size and cardiomyocytes apoptosis of rats (P<0.01 or P<0.05), promoted AMPK phosphorylation, and increased PGC-1α protein expression (P<0.01 or P<0.05). HYXNS significantly increased locomotor activity of rats, decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, and increased the serum levels of 5-HT, NE, ACTH, and CORT (all P<0.05). Moreover, HYXNS decreased the mRNA expressions of IDO1, KMO and KYNU (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#YXNS can relieve MI by enhancing myocardial energy metabolism. Meanwhile, YXNS can alleviate depression by resisting inflammation and increasing availability of monoamine neurotransmitters. It may be used as a potential drug to treat comorbidity of MI and depression.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Animals , Comorbidity , Depression/drug therapy , Energy Metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Neurotransmitter Agents , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin/metabolism , Tablets , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E855-E861, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920694

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the design of three-dimensional (3D) printed scoliosis orthosis with computer-aided design (CAD), so as to achieve the advantages of good mechanical strength and lightweight model. Methods The body contour of a volunteer was scanned by a hand-held 3D scanner, then the body surface model of the volunteer was established. According to the three-point bending principles, traction and load-free principle, the body surface model was modified, and the pressure area and release area were designed. The model of scoliosis orthosis was then designed preliminarily. Comparative study on local optimization of hollow combinations with 32 different sizes were conducted using orthogonal experimental method. According to the optimization results, the model of scoliosis orthosis was hollowed out and biomechanically analyzed. The stress distributions of the 3D printed hollow scoliosis orthosis were compared, and its optimization effect was verified. Results By adopting the optimal design of local hollowing-out with 9 mm-radius and 23 mm-spacing circular hole (40% local weight loss), the 3D printed scoliosis orthosis with lighter weight, better air permeability and sufficient strength could be obtained. Conclusions Based on finite element biomechanical analysis, by adopting local hollow optimization design of circular hole at non-stress area, the 3D printed scoliosis orthosis can achieve the advantages of less printing materials and increased air permeability, and ultimately improve the wearing comfort and compliance of patients.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888249

ABSTRACT

Objective Complications after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma have been well documented in the literatures, but the occurrence of delayed sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) after pituitary adenoma resection is extremely rare. In this study three cases who developed sudden SNHL 3 to 7 days after pituitary adenoma surgery without experiencing cerebrospinal fluid leak or meningitis were presented, and the possible causes of SNHL were discussed. Methods Three cases with sudden hearing loss after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma were reviewed. The past medical history, onset of sudden hearing loss, accompanying symptoms such as headache, tinnitus, dizziness and aural fullness, and the post-operative MRI images, therapy, and hearing results were reported. Results Three cases developed profound sudden SNHL on the 3rd to 7th post-operative day, all accompanied by prior headache, tinnitus and dizziness. One patient developed episodic vertigo, ear fullness accompanying with fluctuating hearing loss in the first post-operative month. Two patients had past medical history of arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease or cerebral infarction. Two of three demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus on MRI on the first post-operative day. Under treatment with prednisone orally, dexamethasone intratympanic injection, neurotrophic and vasodilatation drugs for 3 to 8 months, hearing of all three improved partially. Obstructive hydrocephalus and ischemia might be responsible for the hearing loss. Conclusion Post-operative obstructive hydrocephalus and ischemia of labyrinthine arteries might lead to the delayed SNHL after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Although benzene is a confirmed environmental carcinogen, the mechanism of its carcinogenicity remains largely unclear. The suggested oncogene, miR-221, is elevated and plays important roles in various tumors, but its role in benzene-induced carcinogenesis remains unknown.@*Methods@#In the present study, we constructed hydroquinone (HQ, a representative metabolite of benzene with biological activity)-transformed malignant cell line (16HBE-t) and analyzed the level of miR-221 in it with qRT-PCR. Exosomes from 16HBE-t cells incubated with or without an miR-221 inhibitor were isolated by ultracentrifugation, characterized by transmission electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscope, and then transfected into 16HBE cells. The effects of exosomal miR-221 on apoptosis induced by HQ in recipient cells were determined using flow cytometry.@*Results@#The amount of miR-221 in 16HBE-t was significantly increased compared with controls. When recipient cells ingested exosomes derived from 16HBE-t, miR-221 was increased, and apoptosis induced by HQ was inhibited. Blocking miR-221 in 16HBE-t using an inhibitor did not significantly alter miR-221 or apoptosis in recipient cells.@*Conclusion@#Exosomal miR-221 secreted by 16HBE-t inhibits apoptosis induced by HQ in normal recipient cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bronchi/cytology , Cell Line, Transformed , Epithelial Cells , Exosomes , Humans , Hydroquinones , MicroRNAs
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1045-1053, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762055

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To explore the molecular mechanism of the upregulation of multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4) in cholestasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mRNA and protein levels of MRP4 in liver samples from cholestatic patients were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot. In human hepatoma HepG2 cells, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) was used to determine the affinity of nuclear factor-E2-related factor (Nrf2) binding to MRP4 promoter. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the binding of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) to the promotor of E2F1. The bile duct ligation mouse models were established using male C57BL/6 mice. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein levels of MRP4 were significantly increased in cholestatic patients. TNFα treatment induced the expression of MRP4 and Nrf2 and enhanced cell nuclear extract binding activity to MRP4 promoter, as demonstrated by EMSA. Nrf2 knockdown reduced MRP4 mRNA levels in both HepG2 and Hep-3B cells. In addition, TNFα increased Rb phosphorylation and expression of MRP4 and Nrf2 and activated E2F1 and phosphorylated p38 in HepG2 and Hep-3B cells. These effects were markedly inhibited by pretreatment with E2F1 siRNA. Dual-luciferase reporter assay validated that TNFα induces the transcription of E2F1. Furthermore, the expression of MRP4, Nrf2, E2F1, and p-p38 proteins was improved with treatment of TNFα in a mouse model of cholestasis. E2F1 siRNA lentivirus or SB 203580 (p38 inhibitor) inhibited these positive effects. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that TNFα induces hepatic MRP4 expression through activation of the p38-E2F1-Nrf2 signaling pathway in human obstructive cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Ducts , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cholestasis , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Lentivirus , Ligation , Liver , Male , Mice , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins , Phosphorylation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690400

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of patchouli alcohol in enhancing Helicobater pylori's action in eradicating macrophages and its mechanism. H. pylori was co-cultured with macrophages at a ratio of MOI=100 in different concentrations of patchouli alcohol. The effect of patchouli alcohol in eradicating macrophages was detected by agar dilution method. The effect of patchouli alcohol on NO and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in macrophages were measured by H. pylori by biochemical methods. Patchouli alcohol effect on H. pylori-induced pro-inflammatory gene expression and protein secretion in macrophages were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA method. The eradication of H. pylori has significantly enhanced, and the destabilization of lysosomes has been reversed. Meanwhile, patchouli alcohol has an effect in inhibiting pro-inflammation and oxidation. The mechanism of patchouli alcohol in eradicating H. pylori and resisting oxidative stress may be associated to the blocking of bacteria escape lysosome combination procedures.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690330

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of the iodine disinfection on nasal bacterial colonization through the transsphenoidal approach. Methods Totally 133 pituitary adenoma patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery in our department from January to August 2017 were enrolled in this study. Before disinfection,pharyngeal swabs of inferior turbinate root secretions were taken for bacterial culture. After iodine disinfection,pharyngeal swabs were taken again at the same site. Changes in the nasal bacterial spectrum before and after disinfection were compared. Patients were followed up for three months after the surgery,during which any intracranial infection/bacteraemia was recorded,and its correlation with nasal bacteria colonization was analyzed. Results Nasal bacterial colonization was detected in 45 (33.8%) of 133 patients before iodine disinfection and in only 6 cases (4.5%) after iodine disinfection (χ=34.5,P=0.000). Thus,iodine disinfection eliminated 86.7%(39/45) of the colonized bacteria. The most common nasal bacterium was Staphylococcus aureus (24.4%,11/45),followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (24.4%,11/45),and Staphylococcus epidermidis (13.3%,6/45). One patient had high fever and chills 2 days after surgery,but blood culture and cerebrospinal fluid culture showed negative Results . After the administration of third-generation cephalosporins,the symptoms disappeared after two days. Conclusion sThere are colonized bacteria in nasal cavity. Iodine disinfection of nasal cavity can effectively clear most of the nasal bacteria. The possibility of intracranial infection/bacteremia after transsphenoidal approach is low.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 924-928, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701462

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease of active joints that is closely related to age.With the increase of age,chondrocytes gradually aging,synthetic and metabolic abilities gradually declined,cartilage matrix can not be effectively synthesized to maintain the amount of cartilage and cartilage structure,resulting in the occurrence of OA.In recent years,with the progress of OA pathogenesis in the field of genetics,the relationship between OA and the genes related to "aging" and "longevity" has gradually become the focus of research and made breakthrough progress.This article reviews current research on the relationship between "aging genes","longevity genes" and the pathogenesis of OA at home and abroad,and provides a reference for prevention and clinical treatment of OA.

10.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 157-161, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between fragmented QRS (fQRS) complex and the early left ventricular remodeling or heart function in patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods A total of 76 patients with AMI hospitalized in CCU of the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were enrolled in the study.Patients were divided into fQRS group (n=29) and non-fQRS group (n=47). The clinical data including ECG, laboratory indicators, coronary angiography results and real-time three-dimensional (RT-3D) echocardiography parameter were collected in two groups.The relationship between fQRS and baseline data,fQRS and RT-3D echocardiography parameter were analyzed.At the same time,the influencing factors of left ventricular remodeling and heart function were discussed in the study. Results Compared with non-fQRS group, left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) and left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV)were significantly higher,and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)was significantly lower in fQRS group(P<0.05).Several three-dimensional parameters including Tmsv16-SD(%)and Tmsv 16-Dif(%)were significantly higher in fQRS group than those in non-fQRS group(P<0.05).There were no significant differences in Tmsv 16-SD(ms),Tmsv 12-SD(ms),Tmsv 12-SD(%),Tmsv 6-SD(ms),Tmsv 6-SD(%),Tmsv 16-Dif(ms),Tmsv 12-Dif(ms),Tmsv 12-Dif(%),Tmsv 6-Dif(ms)and Tmsv 6-Dif(%)between two groups.Logistic regression analysis showed that fQRS and Gensini scores had effects on heart function.At the same time,fQRS was an independent predictor for left ventricular remodeling. Conclusion Left ventricular remodeling is more obvious in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated with fQRS,and fQRS can predict left ventricular remodeling better.

11.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 771-775, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693982

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of Twist gene silencing on migration and invasion of human triple-nega-tive breast cancer cell Hs578T and its potential mechanisms. Methods The lentiviral vectors with Twist gene-targe-ted specific shRNA and the negative control were constructed,then transfected into the human triple-negative breast cancer cell line Hs578T to establish the stable cell lines of Twist gene silencing. The blank group(blank),negative control group(shNC) and Twist gene silencing group(shTwist) were set up.After screening by puromycin,the fluo-rescence expression and the infection efficiency of each group cells were observed by inverted fluorescence micro-scope. The expression of Twist mRNA and protein level was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot.Transwell migration and invasion experiments were performed to measure cell migration and invasion abilities, re-spectively. Western blot was used to detect the levels of p-AKT, AKT, p-ERK1/2 and ERK1/2 proteins. Results Twist gene was successfully knockdown in human triple-negative breast cancer cell line Hs578T. Compared with the blank group and shNC group cells,the cell migration and invasion ability of the shTwist group cells were decreased significantly(P<0.05,P<0.05),and the expression of Twist downstream p-AKT and p-ERK1/2 proteins were al-so reduced notably in the shTwist group cells(P<0.05,P<0.05). Conclusions Twist promotes cell migration and invasion via AKT/ERK signaling axis in human triple-negative breast cancer cell line Hs578T.

12.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1611-1614, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666973

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the incidence and microbiology profile of infectious complications ( namely menin-gitis and/or bacteremia ) after trans-sphenoidal pituitary adenomectomies ( TSPA ) .Methods All hospitalized patients undergoing TSPA in Dept .Neurosurgery of Peking Union Medical College Hospital ( PUMC) between January 2012 and December 2016 were retrospective recorded .Results The incidence of postoperative meningitis and/or bacteremia was 1.2%( 59/5098) .27 cases of meningitis were documented for a total of 41 isolates, 26 cases of bacteremia for 34 isolates, and 6 cases of coinfection.Gram-positive organisms predominated (27 cases, 65.9%) in meningitis, among which Coagulase-negative staphylococci were the main isolates (14 cases).The most common organisms causing bacteremia were Gram-negative organisms (25 case,73.5%),including Klebsiella pneu-monia ( 9 cases ) , Enterobacter aerogenes ( 7 cases ) and Escherichia coli ( 5 cases ) , all of which were sensitive to amikacin, imipenem and meropenem .Fifty-two patients were cured after antibiotic treatment , whereas 7 died.The morality in patients with meningitis was relatively lower than those with bacteremia (21.2%vs 3.1%,P<0.001). Conclusions Postoperative meningitis and/or bacteremia can occur after TSPA .They differ in etiology profile and prognosis , and should be treated with proper antibiotics according to the drug resistance .

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 896-903, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666412

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the biomechanical characteristics of lengthened sacroiliac screw and long sacroiliac screw fixated in different ways for the treatment of central vertical sacral fractures to provide reference for clinical practice.Methods A finite element model with three dimensions of Tile type C pelvic ring injury (central type Denis Ⅲ fracture of sacrum) was produced.The central sacral fractures were fixated with lengthened sacroiliac screw or long sacroiliac screw in 7 types of models respectively as follows.(1) One long sacroiliac screw was fixated in S1 segment from the right (C1);(2) One long sacroiliac screw was fixated in S2 segment from the right (C2);(3)Two long sacroiliac screws were fixated in S1 and S2 segments respectively from the right (C12);(4) One long sacroiliac screw was fixated in S1 segment from the right and one long sacroiliac screw was fixated in S2 segment from the left (C12hybrid);(5) One lengthened sacroiliac screw was fixated in S1 segment from the right (J1);(6) One lengthened sacroiliac screw was fixated in S2 segment from the right (J2);(7)Two lengthened sacroiliac screws were fixated in S1 and S2 segments respectively from the right (J12).The shift and angle displacement of the central superior surface of sacrum in the case of standing on both feet were measured and compared.The maximum Von Mises stresses in different positions were measured.And various mechanical indices (including stresses of various parts and stress distribution of screws and pelvis,etc) were also quantified and compared.Results The stability of the posterior ring-screw complex was optimal when the sacrum was fixated with S1 & S2 lengthened sacroiliac screws.The maximum Von Mises stresses of screw were affected by sacral segments,namely,S1 > S2 > S1& S2.The maximum Von Mises stress of screws in S1 and S2 segments were similar.The maximum stress of the lengthened sacroiliac screw was lower than that of the long sacroiliac screw.The maximum Von Mises stress of bilateral sacroiliac joints in the lengthened sacroiliac screw fixation model was similar to that of normal pelvis.The maximum stress in the left sacroiliac joint of the long sacroiliac screw fixation model was larger than that of the normal pelvis.The maximum Von Mises stress of screw-bone interface of the long sacroiliac screw fixation model was larger than that of the lengthened sacroiliac screw fixation model.The screw stress distribution of the lengthened sacroiliac screw was superior to that of the long sacroiliac screw,and the screw stress distribution of the double segment fixation was superior to that of the single segment fixation.There was relatively less difference between the pelvic stress distribution of double segment fixation model and that of the normal pelvic model.Conclusion The fixation of S1 & S2 lengthened sacroiliac screws utilized in central sacral fractures of Tile C pelvic ring injury results in a more stable posterior pelvic ringscrew complex,more dispersed screw stress and better pelvic stress distribution which is closed to normal,and can also reduce the risk of internal fixation failure as well as lower back pain.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710117

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the improving effect of Suoquan Capsules (Linderae Radix,Alpiniae oxyphyllae Fructus and Dioscoreae Rhizoma) on mice with diabetic cystopathy and its mechanism of action.METHODS Sixty mice were randomly assigned into normal group (n =8) and model group (n =52);the diabetic models of the latter were induced by high-fat feeding combined with streptozotocin (STZ) injection,then modeled mice (n =32) were randomly divided into model,Mecobalamin Tablets,low-and high-dose Suoquan Capsules groups.The influences of Suoquan Capsules on fasting blood glucose (FBG),glycated serum protein (GSP) level and general conditions were observed.The bladder leak point pressure (BLPP) was determined.Histopathological staining was performed on urinary bladder.And the expressions of substance P and NK1 receptor were detected by double immunofluorescent staining.RESULTS There were no significant differences in FBG,GSP,body weight,food intake and water consumption among various groups.The high-dose Suoquan Capsules significantly decreased urine volume of mice.Compared with the model group,the treatment with Suoquan Capsules markedly increased BLPP,the expressions of substance P and NK1 receptor were significantly increased,and the histopathology of bladder in mice was obviously improved.CONCLUSION Suoquan Capsules improves the diabetic cystopathy in mice,and its mechanism maybe related to the up-regulation of substance P and NK1 receptor expressions in bladder tissue.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275496

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of patchouli alcohol on inhibiting Helicobater pylori urease activity, and its effect on expression levels of related genes, and lay the foundation for further research on the effect of patchouli alcohol on H. pylori colonization and infection. H. pyloriwas cultured and identified by gram staining, rapid urease test (RUT) and PCR method. Then agar dilution method was used to detect the bacterial survival after 1 h intervention by different concentrations of patchouli alcoholin the acidic (pH 5.3) and neutral (pH 7.0) conditions; berthelot method was used to detect urease activity and RT-qPCR method was used to detect the expression changes of ureA, ureB, ureE, ureH, ureI, and nixA related urease genes. The results showed that the survival rate of H. pyloriwas not significantly changed but the urease activity was obviously decreased after intervention by different concentrations of patchouli alcohol; meanwhile, the expression levels of ureA, ureB, ureE, ureH, ureI, and nixA were decreased to different degrees. Therefore, patchouli alcohol could inhibit H. pylori urease activity in both acidic and neutral conditions, and the mechanism may be related to down-regulation of urease gene expression.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277886

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between different postoperative serum cortisol cut-off values measured in different periods and the long-term outcomes in patients with Cushing's disease (CD). Methods The clinical data of 102 CD patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 1985 to July 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. The differences of long-term outcomes were compared between patients with cortisol levels below 2 μg/dl (2 μg/dl group) and levels between 2 and 5 μg/dl (5 μg/dl group) in the 1postoperative day and 3 and 6 months after surgery. Results The mean follow-up duration was (10.7±1.7) years (range:5-29.1 years). Among these 102 patients,the disease was cured in 74 patients (72.5%) and recurred in 28 patients (27.5%). On the 1postoperative day,there were 63 patients in the 2 μg/dl group,in which 48 patients (76.2%) achieved long-term cure;there were 39 patients in the 5 μg/dl group,in which 26 (66.7%) achieved long-term cure. The difference was not statistically significant (χ=1.097,P=0.295). Three months after TSS,the long-term cure rate was 84.2% (48/57) in the 2 μg/dl group,which was significantly higher than that (65.0%,26/40) in the 5 μg/dl group (χ=4.795,P=0.029). Six months after TSS,the long-term cure rate was 88.7% (47/53) in the 2 μg/dl group,which was significantly higher than that(69.2%,27/39) in the 5 μg/dl group(χ=5.400,P=0.020). Conclusion The serum cortisol level of below 2 μg/dl is more useful than 2-5 μg/dl 3 months and 6 months after surgery in predicting the prognosis of CD patients.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Blood , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion , Blood , General Surgery , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 347-356, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), one of the major metabolites from prostaglandin D2 in arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, has potential anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of 15d-PGJ2-loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) nanocapsules (15d-PGJ2-NC) on inflammatory responses and bone regeneration in local bone defect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was conducted on 96 Wistar rats from June 2014 to March 2016. Saline, unloaded nanoparticles, free 15d-PGJ2or 15d-PGJ2-NC, were delivered through a collagen vehicle inside surgically created transcortical defects in rat femurs. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels in the surrounding soft tissue were analyzed by Western blot and in the defect by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction over 14 days. Simultaneously, bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) and platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) messenger RNA (mRNA) in the defect were examined. New bone formation and EphrinB2 and osteoprotegerin (OPG) protein expression in the cortical defect were observed by Masson's Trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry over 28 days. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Least-significant difference and Dunnett's T3 methods were used with a bilateral P< 0.05.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Application of l5d-PGJ2-NC (100 μg/ml) in the local bone defect significantly decreased IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α mRNA and protein, compared with saline-treated controls (P < 0.05). l5d-PGJ2-NC upregulated BMP-6 and PDGF-B mRNA (P < 0.05). New bone formation was observed in the cortical defect in l5d-PGJ2-NC-treated animals from 7th day onward (P < 0.001). Expression of EphrinB2 and OPG presented early on day 3 and persisted through day 28 in 15d-PGJ2-NC group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stable l5d-PGJ2-NC complexes were prepared that could attenuate IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α expression, while increasing new bone formation and growth factors related to bone regeneration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6 , Metabolism , Bone Regeneration , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Male , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Metabolism , Prostaglandin D2 , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486397

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is caused by acute occlusion of the coronary artery. The partial necrosis of the myocardium is caused by severe and prolonged ischemia,which is characterized by persistent and severe chest pain, the high mortality rate. Fast recovery can be achieved the coronary artery blood circulation by emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), can improve myocardial is-chemia, save moribund myocardium. The medical profession is generally believed that on the basis of en-suring the safety of patients with AMI, the normal rehabilitation should be carried out as soon as possible. In this article, the domestic in recent years, AMI emergency PCI in early postoperative rehabilitation treatment method, the intensity and evaluation index of three aspects were summarized. The starting time of the early rehabilitation of AMI patients in foreign countries is earlier than our country. As we all know that via radial artery PCI has the smaller puncture and more convenient hemostasis, so there is no doubt that it can pro-vide favorable conditions for recovery of patients. Therefore, it is necessary to expand the research field in order to determine the best rehabilitation opportunity and the most excellent rehabilitation program , so as so determine the best recovery time and the most excellent rehabilitation program in patients with AMI after PCI operation.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289903

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of transsphenoidal adenectomy on glucose tolerance status in patients with growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 105 patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenoma who underwent transsphenoidal adenectomy in our department in 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The glucose tolerance status, GH level, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) level before and after surgery were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among these 105 patients, the blood glucose tolerance status included normal glucose tolerance (NGT) in 47 cases (44.8%), early carbohydrate metabolism disorders (ECMDs) in 26 cases (24.8%), and diabetes mellitus (DM) in 32 cases (30.5%) before surgery. After the surgery, the fasting blood glucose (P=0.006, P=0.017) and postprandial blood glucose (P=0.000, P=0.000) in the ECMDs and DM groups were significantly improved. Also, the random GH (P=0.001, P=0.004, P=0.001), nadir GH (P=0.000, P=0.001, P=0.001), and IGF-1 (P=0.005, P=0.000, P=0.000) significantly decreased during the follow-up period in NGT, ECMDs and DM groups. Compared with ECMDs and DM groups, the decrease in fasting blood glucose (P=0.029, P=0.000), postprandial blood glucose (P=0.003, P=0.000), and serum IGF-1 (P=0.048, P=0.000) were more significant in DM group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transsphenoidal adenectomy can improve the blood glucose, GH, and IGF-1 levels in patients with growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma. Meanwhile,the surgery has a better effect in improving the glucose tolerance status and IGF-1 in patients with preoperatively confirmed DM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus , Glucose , Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma , Human Growth Hormone , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289849

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the predictive factor of surgical efficacy in male patients with prolactinoma. Method The clinical data of 184 male patients with prolactinoma who had undergone surgery were retrospectively analyzed.Results Before the surgery,the serum prolactin level from 150 to 204 952 ng/ml,the tumors sized 6 to 70 mm. Macroadenoma was seen in 152 cases (82.6%) and suprasellar adenoma with visual deficitsin 75 cases (40.7%). Complete resection was achieved in 149 patients. After surgical therapy,postoperative immediate prolactin level declined in 182 patients (98.4%);57 patients (31.0%)achieved initial remission,while the disease recurred in 26 patients (45.6%).Larger tumor had significantly lower rate of complete resection (P<0.05). The recurrence rate was significantly higher in the group with higher Ki-67 index (P<0.001). The recurrence rate was significantly lower in patients with intrasellar adenoma (P<0.001).No significant relationship was found between preoperative prolactin level and complete resection (P=0.306). Conclusions Tumor size can predictthe degree of surgical resection. The prognostic factors include tumor size,preoperative growth pattern of prolactinoma,and Ki-67 index.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pituitary Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Postoperative Period , Prolactin , Blood , Prolactinoma , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies
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