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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 264-274, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880971

ABSTRACT

Patients with cancer are at increased risk of severe infections. From a cohort including 3060 patients with confirmed COVID-19, 109 (3.4%) cancer patients were included in this study. Among them, 23 (21.1%) patients died in the hospital. Cancer patients, especially those with hematological malignancies (41.6%), urinary carcinoma (35.7%), malignancies of the digestive system (33.3%), gynecological malignancies (20%), and lung cancer (14.3%), had a much higher mortality than patients without cancer. A total of 19 (17.4%) cancer patients were infected in the hospital. The clinical characteristics of deceased cancer patients were compared with those of recovered cancer patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that a Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS2002) score ⩾ 3 (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 11.00; 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.60-26.32; P < 0.001), high-risk type (adjusted HR 18.81; 95% CI 4.21-83.93; P < 0.001), tumor stage IV (adjusted HR 4.26; 95% CI 2.34-7.75; P < 0.001), and recent adjuvant therapy (< 1 month) (adjusted HR 3.16; 95% CI 1.75-5.70; P < 0.01) were independent risk factors for in-hospital death after adjusting for age, comorbidities, D-dimer, and lymphocyte count. In conclusion, cancer patients showed a higher risk of COVID-19 infection with a poorer prognosis than patients without cancer. Cancer patients with high-risk tumor, NRS2002 score ⩾ 3, advanced tumor stage, and recent adjuvant therapy (< 1 month) may have high risk of mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 716-724, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878011

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Obesity is a fundamental factor in metabolic disorders such as hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, fatty liver, and atherosclerosis. However, effective preventive measures are still lacking. This study aimed to investigate different surgical protocols for removing partial adipose tissue before the onset of obesity and determine whether, and by which protocol, preliminary adipose removal could exert potent preventive effects against diet-induced metabolic disorders.@*METHODS@#Male low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) knockout (KO) mice were randomly divided into four groups and subjected to epididymal fat removal (Epi-FR) surgery, subcutaneous fat removal (suQ-FR) surgery, both subcutaneous and epididymal fat removal (Epi + suQ-FR) surgery, or sham-operation. After 1 week of recovery, all mice were given a high-fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks to induce metabolic disorders.@*RESULTS@#In the Epi-FR group and the sham-operated group, the mean numbers of the residual subcutaneous fat were 28.59 mg/g and 18.56 mg/g, respectively. The expression of relative genes such as Pparg, Cebpa, Dgat2, Fabp4 and Cd36 in the residual subcutaneous fat increased 2.62, 3.90, 3.11, 2.06, 1.78 times in the Epi-FR group compared with that in the sham-operated group. Whereas in the other fat-removal groups, the residual fat depots had no significant change in either size or gene expression, as compared with those of the sham-operated group. Plasma lipid and glucose levels and insulin sensitivity, as detected by the glucose tolerance test, were not significantly alleviated in the three fat removal groups. Liver mass or lipid content was not attenuated in any of the three fat removal groups. The atherosclerosis burdens in the entire inner aorta and aortic root did not decrease in any of the three fat removal groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data suggest that removal of epididymal adipose or subcutaneous adipose alone or in combination before the onset of obesity did not protect against hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, fatty liver, or atherosclerosis in LDL-R KO mice fed with a HFD. Hence, adipose removal possibly does not represent a potential approach in preventing obesity-related metabolic disorders in the obesity-susceptible population.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Insulin Resistance , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Obesity , Subcutaneous Fat
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a scientific basis for the classification of Phyllanthi Fructus product grades. Method:A total of 30 batches of Phyllanthi Fructus currently available in the market were collected for quantification based on such appearance indexes as diameter, thickness, grain weight, and crust colour (<italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values). The contents of gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid, and ellagic acid were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), followed by descriptive statistical analysis (DSA), analysis of variance (ANOVA), and principal component analysis (PCA) to determine the importance of each main index and explore the correlations between the appearance indexes and internal components. The classification standard of Phyllanthi Fructus product grades was formulated, and its scientificity was verified in hepatocelular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Result:The correlation analysis revealed that the crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values were significantly negatively correlated with corilagin, chebulagic acid, and ellagic acid (<italic>|r|</italic>>0.5, <italic>P</italic><0.01), but irrelevant to gallic acid (<italic>|r|</italic><0.1). Considering the variable coefficient of each index, PCA results, and the requirement of gallic acid as quality indicator for Phyllanthi Fructus in <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>, the crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values and gallic acid content were determined to be the classification indexes. The K-means cluster analysis confirmed that products with crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup><44, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup><7, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup><10 and gallic acid content >1.6% could be classified into the first class, and those failing to meet the above requirements into the second class. The cell experiment demonstrated that the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>) of the first-class product against hepatocelular carcinoma HepG2 cells was lower than that of the second-class product. A colourimetric card was developed based on crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values to provide a visual tool for on-site evaluation of Phyllanthi Fructus products. Conclusion:This study has initially established the classification standard of Phyllanthi Fructus product grades, which contributes to guiding price negotiation of Phyllanthi Fructus products based on quality grade and thus ensuring high quality and high price.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of blood routine indexes, C-reactive protein(CRP), and blood culture in predicting the occurrence of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) secondary to late-onset sepsis (LOS) in preterm infants.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 80 premature infants with LOS admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 1, 2015 to January 1, 2020. Based on whether complicated by NEC or not, all the subjects were assigned into the NEC group ( n=11) and non-NEC group ( n=69). Laboratory data for perinatal conditions, complete blood cell count, CRP, and blood culture in the early stage of LOS were recorded, and the decreased value of the hemoglobin concentration before and at early stage of LOS was calculated. Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method was used to compare the differences in perinatal conditions, blood routine, CRP and blood culture results between different groups. Binomial stepwise logistic regression analysis and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the risk factors and their predictive value for NEC secondary to LOS, respectively. Results:(1) There was no significant difference in gestational age, birth weight or other perinatal factors between the NEC group and non-NEC group (all P>0.05). (2) Mean platelet volume (MPV), CRP, and the hemoglobin decreased value in NEC group were greater than those in non-NEC group [11.7 fl (10.9-12.6 fl) vs 10.7 fl (10.3-11.6 fl), Z=-2.773; 33.3 mg/L (21.3-92.9 mg/L) vs 13.5 mg/L (4.7-27.3 mg/L), Z=-2.662; 25.0 g/L (18.0 -36.0 g/L) vs 13.0 g/L (1.0-19.0 g/L), Z=-3.803; all P<0.01]. (3) Binomial stepwise logistic regression analysis suggested that higher MPV at early stage of LOS ( OR=3.213, 95% CI: 1.104-9.354, P=0.032) and the decreased hemoglobin ( OR=1.153, 95% CI: 1.057-1.257, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for NEC secondary to LOS in preterm infants. (4) The cut-off values of MPV combined with the decreased value of hemoglobin for predicting NEC in premature infants with LOS were 11.2 fl and 14.0 g/L, respectively, with a sensitivity of 1.00 and specificity of 0.71. Conclusions:MPV combined with the decreased value of hemoglobin may help to predict NEC in the early stage of LOS for preterm infants.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887968

ABSTRACT

As an effective antipyretic medicine,Indigo Naturalis has a long history of application in the field of Chinese medicine.The content of organics,mainly indigo and indirubin,is about 10%. However,the active ingredients and mechanism of its antipyretic effect have not yet been fully elucidated. In view of this,they were investigated in this study with the rectal temperature change as an indicator and 2,4-dinitrophenol-induced fever rats as subjects. The content of PGE2 and c AMP in the hypothalamus and the serum levels of TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6 were determined by ELISA. Moreover,the plasma samples of fever rats were analyzed by metabonomics in combination with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS for the exploration of potential biomarkers and the discussion on the antipyretic mechanism of Indigo Naturalis and its active ingredients. The results showed that the rising trend of rectal temperature in rats was suppressed 0. 5 h after the treatment with Indigo Naturalis,organic matter,indigo or indirubin as compared with the rats of model group( P < 0. 05),among which Indigo Naturalis and organic matter had better antipyretic effect. ELISA results showed that organic matter and indigo can inhibit the expression of PGE2 and c AMP( P<0. 01),while Indigo Naturalis and organic matter were effective in curbing the increase in TNF-α( P<0. 05). A total of 21 endogenous metabolites were identified from the plasma samples of the Indigo Naturalis,organic matter,indigo and indirubin groups,which were mainly involved in glycerophospholipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
2,4-Dinitrophenol , Animals , Antipyretics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Rats
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum programmed cell death molecule 5 (PDCD5) protein expression in early prediction of gastric cancer and its clinical significance.Methods:A total of 103 patients with gastric cancer who were treated in Yuechi County People′s Hospital in Sichuan Province from March 2014 to March 2016 and 80 healthy people who underwent physical examinations (control group) in the same period were selected as subjects. The serum level of PDCD5 protein were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The diagnostic performance of serum PDCD5 protein on gastric cancer was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve. The patients with gastric cancer were divided into low-level group (50 cases) and high-level group (53 cases) according to serum PDCD5 protein level. The relationship between serum PDCD5 protein level and clinical data in patients with gastric cancer was analyzed by χ2 test. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to analyze independent risk factors for survival and prognosis of gastric cancer. Kaplan-Meier method was used to map survival curves of gastric cancer patients with different levels of serum PDCD5 protein. Results:Serum PDCD5 protein level in gastric cancer group was significantly lower than that in control group: (0.82 ± 0.30) mg/L vs. (1.26 ± 0.39) mg/L, and there was statistical difference ( t=8.628, P<0.01). Serum PDCD5 protein level in patients with gastric cancer was related to tumor TNM stage and tumor invasion ( P<0.05), but not related to gender, age, body mass index (BMI), tumor size, lymph node metastasis, tumor type and tumor differentiation ( P<0.05). The area under curve (AUC) of serum PDCD5 protein in the diagnosis of gastric cancer was 0.810 (95% CI 0.747 to 0.873), with a sensitivity of 71.8%, and a specificity of 76.3% ( Z=9.641, P<0.01). Serum PDCD5 protein level was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer ( P<0.05). The 5-year survival rate in low-level group was significantly lower than that in high-level group: 32.0% vs. 62.3%, and there was statistical difference ( χ2=18.422, P<0.01). Conclusions:The serum PDCD5 protein level in patients with gastric cancer is significantly decreased. Low serum PDCD5 protein level is independent risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755125

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a necessary stage for many kinds of chronic liver diseases to develop to cirrhosis,which is a serious threat to the health of Chinese people.It has been found that hepatic oval cells,a kind of hepatic stem cells with multiple differentiation potential located in hepatic periportal zone,play an important role in liver fibrosis.Several studies have shown that oval cells have dual capacities of promoting or anting fibrosis,and there is a close relationship between liver fibrosis and cell functions of oval cells.So,further study on the biological characteristics and microenvironmental regulation mechanism of oval cells will provide a new strategy for the treatment of liver fibrosis.Here we try to review the microenvironment for activating oval cells and its relationship with liver fibrosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the bacterial flora distribution and antimicrobial resistance of patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in multi-centers of China.@*Methods@#The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 897 patients with PLA at 3 medical centers in China from October 2007 to April 2018 were collected, including 656 cases in the First Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 109 cases in Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology and 132 cases in the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of Naval Military Medical University. There were 582 males and 315 females, aged (59±11)years, with a range of 6-86 years. Observation indicators: (1) bacterial flora distribution; (2) bacterial resistance. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages.@*Results@#(1) Bacterial flora distribution: among 897 patients, 733 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae, 75 cases of Escherichia coli, 11 cases of Staphylococcus aureus, 10 cases of Streptococcus viridians, 9 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae, 7 cases of β-emolytic streptococcus, 6 cases of Acinetobacter baumannii, 5 cases of Streptococcus intermadius, 5 cases of Enterococcus faecium, 3 cases of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans, 2 cases of Proteus mirabilis, 2 cases of Streptococcus isthmus, 2 cases of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae, 1 case of Citrobacter koseri, 1 case of Proteus vulgaris, 1 case of Pasteurella pneumotropica, 1 case of Curobacter freudii, 1 case of Enterobacter amnigenus, 1 case of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, 1 case of Acinetobacter lwoffii, 1 case of Streptococcus salivarius, 1 case of Streptococcus bacterium, 1 case of Enterococcus avium, 1 case of Enterococcus faecalis, 1 case of Klebsiella oxytoca, and 1 case of Staphylococcus epidermidis were cultured in the pus respectively. There were 12 cases of double bacterial infection, and 2 cases of multiple bacterial infections. (2) Bacterial resistance. ① Resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli: the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ampicillin, piperacillin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefotetan, cefepime, cefoxitin, amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, tigaricycline, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 99.79%(474/475), 4.09%(7/171), 12.18%(82/673), 7.34%(49/668), 2.34%(4/171), 1.96%(11/562), 5.85%%(10/171), 0(0/562), 0.55%(4/733), 1.42%(9/635), 0(0/733), 2.46%(18/733), 0.55%(4/733), 0.27%(2/733), 1.36%(10/733), 0.14%(1/733), 0(0/733), 0.36%(2/562), 0.95%(7/733), 0.41%(3/733), 0(0/733), 0(0/562), 1.64%(12/733), 0.95%(7/733), and 4.50%(33/733), respectively. The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to above antibiotics were 78.67%(59/75), 40.91%(18/44), 65.33%(49/75), 56.00%(42/75), 38.64%(17/44), 41.94%(13/31), 20.00%(15/75), 3.23%(1/31), 25.33%(19/75), 5.77%(3/52), 18.67%(14/75), 32.00%(24/75), 8.00%(6/75), 16.00%(12/75), 37.33%(28/75), 1.33%(1/75), 0(0/75), 0(0/31), 40.00%(30/75), 14.67%(11/75), 1.33%(1/75), 0(0/31), 54.67%(41/75), 37.33%(28/75), and 52.00%(39/75), respectively. ② Drug resistance of other Gram-negative bacteria: the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae to ampicillin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefotetan, cefepime, amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 8/8, 0/5, 0/5, 0/1, 0/9, 0/2, 0/9, 0/8, 0/9, 0/9, 0/6, 0/9, 0/9, 0/7, 0/1, 0/9, 0/8, 0/9, 0/9, 0/9, and 0/9. The drug resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefepime, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, meropenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, tigaricycline, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 2/6, 4/6, 3/6, 0/6, 4/6, 1/6, 2/6, 4/6, 2/6, 4/6, 4/6, 3/6, 0/6, 4/6, 2/6, and 3/6, respectively. The drug resistance rates of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans to ampicillin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, cefepime, amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, aztreonam, imipenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, and levofloxacin were 3/3, 3/3, 3/3, 1/3, 1/3, 1/3, 0/3, 3/3, 2/3, 3/3, 3/3, 3/3, 3/3, and 1/3. ③ Drug resistance of other Gram-positive bacteria: the drug resistance rates of Staphylococcus aureus to penicillin, ampicillin, piperacillin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefepime, cefoxitin, amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, meropenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, tetracycline, tigaricycline, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole, linezolid, erythromycin, clindamycin, vancomycin, teicoplanin, and rifampin were 2/6, 6/8, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 4/5, 3/5, 2/5, 2/5, 3/8, 3/5, 3/5, 0/8, 0/8, 3/8, 3/11, 0/5, 1/8, 0/8, 0/8, 2/6, 3/3, 1/3, and 0/3. The drug resistance rates of Streptococcus viridians to penicillin, ampicillin, ceftriaxone, cefoperazone/sulbactam, gentamicin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, linezolid, erythromycin, clindamycin, vancomycin, teicoplanin, and rifampin were 3/10, 0/8, 0/7, 0/7, 2/8, 6/10, 0/8, 0/8, 0/7, 0/5, 4/10, 6/10, 0/5, 0/5, and 0/3. The drug resistance rates of β-emolytic streptococcus to antibacterial agents were 0. ④ Drug resistance of complex bacteria. For the 12 patients with double bacterial infection, in the Klebsiella pneumoniae combined with Gram-negative bacteria, the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to cefotetan, cefoxitin, ampicillin/sulbactam, meropenem, ertapenem, tobramycin, tigecycline, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 0. The drug resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to ertapenem, levofloxacin, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 0. The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to ceftazidime, cefoxitin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, tobramycin, amikacin, and tigecycline were 0. Citrobacter florida was sensitive to other antibiotics than levofloxacin and trimethoprim cotrimoxazole. In the Escherichia coli combined with Gram-positive bacteria, the drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to cefotetan, cefepime, cefoxitin, cefoperazone/sulbactam, meropenem, tobramycin, and amikacin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Enterococcus faecalis to penicillin, ampicillin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, linezolid, vancomycin, and teicoplanin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Enterococcus casselifavus to ampicillin, tetracycline, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, linezolid, and erythromycin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Staphylococcus hominis subspecies to levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, linezolid, vancomycin, teicoplanin, and rifampicin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Enterococcus faecium to tetracycline, linezolid, vancomycin, and teicoplanin were 0. In the multiple bacterial infections of Klebsiella pneumoniae + Escherichia coli + Staphylococcus aureus subspecies + Pseudomonas aeruginosa + Torulopsis glabrata, the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefotetan, cefepime, cefoxitin, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, tobramycin, amikacin, and levofloxacin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to ceftazidime, cefotetan, cefepime, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, and amikacin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Staphylococcus aureus subspecies to ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefotetan, cefepime, ampicillin/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone/sulbactam, aztreonam, imipenem, tobramycin, amikacin, tigecycline, moxifloxacin, cotrimoxazole, teicoplanin, vancomycin, linezolid, and clindamycin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to ceftazidime, cefepime, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, and levofloxacin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Torulopsis glabrata to 5-fluorocytosine, fluconazole, itraconazole, and voriconazole were 0. In the multiple bacterial infections of Klebsiella pneumoniae + Escherichia coli + Acinetobacter baumannii, the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to cefotetan, cefepime, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, ertapenem, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin, and levofloxacin were 0. The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, meropenem were 0. The drug resistance ratets of Acinetobacter baumannii to trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole was 0.@*Conclusions@#Klebsiella pneumoniae is the main pathogen of PLA, followed by Escherichia coli. Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli are sensitive to meropenem and tigecycline. Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae and other Gram-negative bacteria are sensitive to ertapenem. Staphylococcus aureus are sensitive to Linezolid. Antibiotics are selected after drug sensitivity test for patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790100

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the bacterial flora distribution and antimicrobial resistance of patients with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in multi-centers of China.Methods The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted.The clinical data of 897 patients with PLA at 3 medical centers in China from October 2007 to April 2018 were collected,including 656 cases in the First Hospital of Harbin Medical University,109 cases in Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology and 132 cases in the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of Naval Military Medical University.There were 582 males and 315 females,aged (59± 11) years,with a range of 6-86 years.Observation indicators:(1) bacterial flora distribution;(2) bacterial resistance.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range).Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages.Results (1) Bacterial flora distribution:among 897 patients,733 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae,75 cases of Escherichia coli,11 cases of Staphylococcus aureus,10 cases of Streptococcus viridians,9 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp.pneumoniae,7 cases of β-emolytic streptococcus,6 cases of Acinetobacter baumannii,5 cases of Streptococcus intermadius,5 cases of Enterococcus faecium,3 cases of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp.xylosoxidans,2 cases of Proteus mirabilis,2 cases of Streptococcus isthmus,2 cases of Enterobacter cloacae subsp.cloacae,1 case of Citrobacter koseri,1 case of Proteus vulgaris,1 case of Pasteurella pneumotropica,1 case of Curobacter freudii,1 case of Enterobacter amnigenus,1 case of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia,1 case of Acinetobacter lwoffii,1 case of Streptococcus salivarius,1 case of Streptococcus bacterium,1 case of Enterococcus avium,1 case of Enterococcus faecalis,1 case of Klebsiella oxytoca,and 1 case of Staphylococcus epidermidis were cultured in the pus respectively.There were 12 cases of double bacterial infection,and 2 cases of multiple bacterial infections.(2) Bacterial resistance.① Resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli:the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ampicillin,piperacillin,cefazolin,cefuroxime,cefotaxime,ceftriaxone,ceftazidime,cefotetan,cefepime,cefoxitin,amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,meropenem,ertapenem,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,tigaricycline,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 99.79% (474/475),4.09% (7/171),12.18% (82/673),7.34%(49/668),2.34%(4/171),1.96%(11/562),5.85%%(10/171),0(0/562),0.55%(4/733),1.42%(9/635),0(0/733),2.46%(18/733),0.55%(4/733),0.27%(2/733),1.36%(10/733),0.14% (1/733),0 (0/733),0.36% (2/562),0.95% (7/733),0.41% (3/733),0 (0/733),0 (0/562),1.64% (12/733),0.95% (7/733),and 4.50% (33/733),respectively.The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to above antibiotics were 78.67% (59/75),40.91% (18/44),65.33% (49/75),56.00% (42/75),38.64% (17/44),41.94% (13/31),20.00% (15/75),3.23% (1/31),25.33% (19/75),5.77% (3/52),18.67% (14/75),32.00%(24/75),8.00%(6/75),16.00%(12/75),37.33%(28/75),1.33%(1/75),0(0/75),0(0/31),40.00%(30/75),14.67%(11/75),1.33%(1/75),0(0/31),54.67%(41/75),37.33% (28/75),and 52.00% (39/75),respectively.② Drug resistance of other Gram-negative bacteria:the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp.pneumoniae to ampicillin,cefazolin,cefuroxime,ceftriaxone,ceftazidime,cefotetan,cefepime,amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,meropenem,ertapenem,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 8/8,0/5,0/5,0/1,0/9,0/2,0/9,0/8,0/9,0/9,0/6,0/9,0/9,0/7,0/1,0/9,0/8,0/9,0/9,0/9,and 0/9.The drug resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to ceftriaxone,ceftazidime,cefepime,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,meropenem,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,tigaricycline,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 2/6,4/6,3/6,0/6,4/6,1/6,2/6,4/6,2/6,4/6,4/6,3/6,0/6,4/6,2/6,and 3/6,respectively.The drug resistance rates of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp.xylosoxidans to ampicillin,cefazolin,cefuroxime,ceftazidime,cefepime,amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid,piperacillin/tazobactam,aztreonam,imipenem,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,ciprofloxacin,and levofloxacin were 3/3,3/3,3/3,1/3,1/3,1/3,0/3,3/3,2/3,3/3,3/3,3/3,3/3,and 1/3.③ Drug resistance of other Gram-positive bacteria:the drug resistance rates of Staphylococcus aureus to penicillin,ampicillin,piperacillin,cefazolin,cefuroxime,cefotaxime,ceftazidime,cefepime,cefoxitin,amoxicillin/carat Retinoic acid,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,meropenem,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,tetracycline,tigaricycline,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,moxifloxacin,trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole,linezolid,erythromycin,clindamycin,vancomycin,teicoplanin,and rifampin were 2/6,6/8,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,4/5,3/5,2/5,2/5,3/8,3/5,3/5,0/8,0/8,3/8,3/11,0/5,1/8,0/8,0/8,2/6,3/3,1/3,and 0/3.The drug resistance rates of Streptococcus viridians to penicillin,ampicillin,ceftriaxone,cefoperazone/sulbactam,gentamicin,tetracycline,ciprofloxaein,levofloxaein,moxifloxacin,linezolid,erythromycin,clindamycin,vancomycin,teicoplanin,and rifampin were 3/10,0/8,0/7,0/7,2/8,6/10,0/8,0/8,0/7,0/5,4/10,6/10,0/5,0/5,and 0/3.The drug resistance rates of β-emolytic streptococcus to antibacterial agents were 0.④ Drug resistance of complex bacteria.For the 12 patients with double bacterial infection,in the Klebsiella pneumoniae combined with Gramnegative bacteria,the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to cefotetan,cefoxitin,ampicillin/sulbactam,meropenem,ertapenem,tobramycin,tigecycline,and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 0.The drug resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to ertapenem,levofloxacin,and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole were 0.The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to ceftazidime,cefoxitin,amoxicillin/clavulanic acid,piperacillin/tazobactam,imipenem,meropenem,ertapenem,tobramycin,amikacin,and tigecycline were 0.Citrobacter florida was sensitive to other antibiotics than levofloxacin and trimethoprim cotrimoxazole.In the Escherichia coli combined with Gram-positive bacteria,the drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to cefotetan,cefepime,cefoxitin,cefoperazone/sulbactam,meropenem,tobramycin,and amikacin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Enterococcus faecalis to penicillin,ampicillin,levofloxacin,moxifloxacin,linezolid,vancomycin,and teicoplanin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Enterococcus casselifavus to ampicillin,tetracycline,levofloxacin,moxifloxacin,linezolid,and erythromycin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Staphylococcus hominis subspecies to levofloxacin,moxifloxacin,linezolid,vancomycin,teicoplanin,and rifampicin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Enterococcus faecium to tetracycline,linezolid,vancomycin,and teicoplanin were 0.In the multiple bacterial infections of Klebsiella pneumoniae + Escherichia coli + Staphylococcus aureus subspecies + Pseudomonas aeruginosa + Torulopsis glabrata,the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ceftriaxone,ceftazidime,cefotetan,cefepime,cefoxitin,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,tobramycin,amikacin,and levofloxacin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to ceftazidime,cefotetan,cefepime,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,and amikacin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Staphylococcus aureus subspecies to ceftriaxone,ceftazidime,cefotetan,cefepime,ampicillin/sulbactam,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/ sulbactam,aztreonam,imipenem,tobramycin,amikacin,tigecycline,moxifloxacin,cotrimoxazole,teicoplanin,vancomycin,linezolid,and clindamycin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to ceftazidime,cefepime,piperacillin/tazobactam,imipenem,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,ciprofloxacin,and levofloxacin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Torulopsis glabrata to 5-fluorocytosine,fluconazole,itraconazole,and voriconazole were 0.In the multiple bacterial infections of Klebsiella pneumoniae + Escherichia coli + Acinetobacter baumannii,the drug resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to cefotetan,cefepime,piperacillin/tazobactam,imipenem,ertapenem,tobramycin,ciprofloxacin,and levofloxacin were 0.The drug resistance rates of Escherichia coli to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid,piperacillin/tazobactam,imipenem,meropenem were 0.The drug resistance ratets of Acinetobacter baumannii to trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole was 0.Conclusions Klebsiella pneumoniae is the main pathogen of PLA,followed by Escherichia coli.Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli are sensitive to meropenem and tigecycline.Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp.pneumoniae and other Gram-negative bacteria are sensitive to ertapenem.Staphylococcus aureus are sensitive to Linezolid.Antibiotics are selected after drug sensitivity test for patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702269

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a mouse model of immune treatment of asthma through subcutaneous injection with high dose of ovalbumin( OVA) in the abdomen and investigate the role of IL-23/Th17 axis response in its mechanism. Methods With a random number table method, 18 female BALB/c mice were divided into 3 groups( normal control group,asthma group and asthmatic immune tolerance model group) ,with 6 mice in each group. The mice in the asthmatic immune tolerance model group were sensitized with 10 μg OVA by intraperito-neal injection in the abdomen on day 0 and day 7. The mice in the model group induced immune tolerance with 1 mg OVA by subcutaneous injection in the abdomen every day for a week(day 21 to day 27). Both the model group and asthma control group were challenged with 1%OVA on day 35 to day 41. The mice in the normal control group were challenged with the equal amount of saline. On the 50th day,each group were sforzando challenged once with 10% OVA. The airway reactivity was detected at 24 after the last challenge. The enhanced pause( Penh) was measured to evaluate the airway responsiveness with a lung functional instrument. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid( BALF) was collected to count the total cells and eosinophils,and the cytological studies were conducted. The OVA-specific IgE in peripheral blood,and the IL-5,IFN-γIL-23,IL-10 in BALF were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The lung tissue was obtained to perform histological analysis by HE staining. The percentagea of Treg and Th17 cells in spleen and lung tissue were calculated by the flow cytometry( FCM) . Then the expression of transcription factors was detected by q-PCR. Results For the asthmatic immune tolerance model group, the airway respon-siveness,the cell count of eosinophilic granulocytes in BALF,the levels of IL-23 and OVA-specific IgE in the serum were significantly lower than the asthma group and the difference is of statistical significance(P<0. 05),while the difference in the IFN-γlevel in BALF compared with the asthma group is of no statistical significance(P<0. 05). The transcription factor of lung tissue detected with q-PCR showed Foxp3 in the asthmatic immune tolerance model group was significantly higher than the asthma group,while RORγt was significantly lower than the asthma group(P>0. 05) and the differences were of statistical significance(P<0. 05). Conclusion Large dose of OVA specific immuno-therapy can alleviate the chronic inflammatory response of asthmatic mice, and the decrease of Th17 cells associated with the expression of IL-23 was decreased. The mechanism may be related to the correction of the lung Il-23 /Th17 axis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702211

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the analgesic effect and adverse event of butorphanol and dezocine which are combined with sufentanil and flurbiprofen axetil in PCIA,to screen out a relatively good analgesic.Methods 110 laparotomy cases from hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) department and 160 laparoscopy cases from general surgery(GS) department of xinqiao hospital of third medical university were included in our study.All patients were randomly divided into two groups according to the random number table method,namely the butorphanol group and dezocine group.Butorphanol 0.04 mg/kg,sufentanil 2.8 μg/kg,flurbiprofen axetil 3 mg/kg and granisetron 6 mg were used in HPB butorphanol group.Dezocine 0.2 mg/kg,sufentanil 2.8 μg/kg,flurbiprofen axetil 3 mg/kg and granisetron 6 mg were used in HPB dezocine group.Butorphanol 0.04 mg/kg sufentanil 2.5 μg/kg,flurbiprofen axetil 3 mg/kg and granisetron 6 mg was used in GS butorphanol group.Dezocine 0.2 mg/kg,sufentanil 2.5 μg/kg,flurbiprofen axetil 3 mg/kg and granisetron 6 mg was used in GS dezocine group.The mean arterial pressure(MAP),heart rate(HR),facial expressions of pain score,sedation score,PONV score,NRS score and respiratory depression were observed in postoperative 0 hour,6 hours,24 hours,48 hours.Results For both two departments,the numbers of patients with NRS score and facial expressions of pain scores greater than 3 in dezocine group were more than those in butorphanol group,the differences were significant(P < 0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in numbers of patients with NRS score and facial expressions scale of 1 to 3 (P > 0.05).while the number of cases with sedation score ranged from 1 to 3 in dezocine group was less than that in both HPB and GS butorphanol group(P < 0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in PONV score and itching score which was or less than 3 or more than 3 (P > 0.05).Conclusion For postoperative analgesia in PCIA,butorphanol has better analgesic effect than the same dose of dezocine,and stronger sedation effect than dezocine.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2290-2293,2297, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692093

ABSTRACT

Objective To demonstrate that IDO may be involved in the development of allergic asthma in children by affecting Th1T/Treg differentiation and its related cytokines.Methods Thirty-three children over 5 years old who were diagnosed the first time with allergic asthma were selected from the pediatric outpatient department.Another 33 healthy children were selected as the controls.Pulmonary function test,skin prick test,eosinophil count were taken.Peripheral blood was collected to measure the number and percentage of Th17 and Treg cells and the levels of cytokines,including IL-10,IL-17,IL-6 and TGF-β.Venous blood and induced sputum were used to detect the concentration of tryptophan and kynureninein IDO metabolites.Results Compared with the control group,there was a significant Th17/Treg imbalance in the asthma group,IL-17,IL-6 levels were significantly increased,TGF-β,IL-10 levels were significantly reduced,IDO levels were significantly reduced,and its levels were negativly associated with Th17/Treg ratio.Conclusion In children with allergic asthma,IDO may stimulate the production of IL-10,inhibit the expression of IL-6,upregulate the level of Treg,and lead to the imbalance of Th17/Treg;Therefore,IDO may be a molecular "switch" that leads to the conversion of Th17 cells to Treg cells,which plays a potentially protective role in the pathogenesis of asthma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1134-1137, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701252

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the characteristic of T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 1 (TAL1) gene expres-sion in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines and in primary AML cells from de novo AML patients with different sub-types. METHODS:Real-time PCR was used to determine the expression of TAL1 mRNA in acute leukemia cell lines (Jurkat, CCRF-CEM, HL-60 and NB4 cell lines) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 47 newly diagnosed AML patients. Twelve healthy individuals were served as healthy control group. RESULTS:A significantly increased level in TAL1 mRNA was found in AML cell lines (HL-60 and NB4), T-cell acute lymphacytic leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines (Jur-kat, CCRF-CEM) and primary AML cells compared with the healthy controls. Over-expression of TAL1 was found in all detected AML subtypes, the highest level of TAL-1 mRNA was found in AML-M1 and AML-M5 subtype ( P <0.05). CONCLUSION:High expression of TAL1 in AML might influence the differentiation and proliferation of myeloid cells, further investigation needs to confirm whether it would be as a biomarker for pathogenesis of AML.

14.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 926-930, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662857

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of high-dose coenzyme Q10 on the central nervous system in mice,and to provide experimental basis for clinical safety evaluation.Methods Mice were randomly divided into vehicle control group,perillartine control group,positive control group (chlorpromazine or diazepam) and coenzyme Q10 low,medium and high dose groups (1.5,3.0 and 6.0 g/kg,equivalent to 75,150,and 300 times of clinical dosage,respectively).The corresponding drugs were ig given to mice with the volume of 40 mL/kg.The general behavior of mice was observed directly,the motor coordination ability was observed by rotating stick method,and Anymaze animal behavior video analysis system was used to observe the spontaneous activity of mice and synergistic reaction with sub-threshold dose of pentobarbital sodium.Results There were no significant differences in the general behavioral activity,and the number of spontaneous activity times,mean resident time,and ratio of sleeping were found in all coenzyme Q10 groups,compared with the vehicle and perillartine control groups.Conclusion High dose of coenzyme Q10 has no significantly toxic effect on the central nervous system in mice,which could provide a reliable experimental basis for further medication study and clinical application of high-dose coenzyme Q 10.

15.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 926-930, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660888

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of high-dose coenzyme Q10 on the central nervous system in mice,and to provide experimental basis for clinical safety evaluation.Methods Mice were randomly divided into vehicle control group,perillartine control group,positive control group (chlorpromazine or diazepam) and coenzyme Q10 low,medium and high dose groups (1.5,3.0 and 6.0 g/kg,equivalent to 75,150,and 300 times of clinical dosage,respectively).The corresponding drugs were ig given to mice with the volume of 40 mL/kg.The general behavior of mice was observed directly,the motor coordination ability was observed by rotating stick method,and Anymaze animal behavior video analysis system was used to observe the spontaneous activity of mice and synergistic reaction with sub-threshold dose of pentobarbital sodium.Results There were no significant differences in the general behavioral activity,and the number of spontaneous activity times,mean resident time,and ratio of sleeping were found in all coenzyme Q10 groups,compared with the vehicle and perillartine control groups.Conclusion High dose of coenzyme Q10 has no significantly toxic effect on the central nervous system in mice,which could provide a reliable experimental basis for further medication study and clinical application of high-dose coenzyme Q 10.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3529-3531,3535, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606941

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the association between the indicators(pulse concussion lung function test index) of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) with fractional concentration of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) at different control periods among preschool asthmatic children.Methods Totally 74 asthmatic children in the pediatric department of our hospital from April 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled in this study,and 25 children undergoing the lung function and FeNO examination served as the controls,aged 3-5 years old.The cases were divided into three groups according to the standard in 2016 version of the Prevention and Treament Guide of Children Bronchial Asthma:asthma control group(n =26),asthma non-control;group(n =48) and control group (n=25).All data of FeNO,resistance of the respiratory system at 5 Hz(R5),resistance of the respiratory system at 5 Hz (R20),difference of R5 and R20(R5-20),reactance area (AX),reactance of the respiratory system at 5 Hz (X5) and resonant frequency of reactance (Fres) were collected.The FeNO,pulse concussion lung function test value and their association were analyzed.Results (1) The FeNO value of asthma the non-control group was significantly higher than that of the asthma control group and the control group,which were 34.00 ± 18.17,20.23± 11.07 and 28.00± 17.30 respectively.The AX detection value of the asthma non-control group was significantly higher than that of the control group(37.29 ± 15.27 vs.30.17 ± 9.50,P<0.05).(2)R20 had weak correlation with FeNO in the control group(P<0.05),while R20 had no correlation with FeNO in the non-control group and control group (P>0.05).FeNO had no obvious correlation with R5,R520,AX,X5 and Fres in the asthma non-control group,asthma control group and control group(P>0.05).Conclusion In preschool children with asthma,FeNO can reflect the airway eosinophilic inflammation control,and does not reflect the airway hyperresponsiveness.Thereforeit ie needed to combined with FeNO and IOS indicators (airway hyperresponsiveness index AX,etc.),which can more precisely judge whether asthma being controlled.

17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 583-588, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812912

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of diethylstilbestrol (DES) on the mRNA expressions of the androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor α (ERα), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and actin alpha 1 (ACTα1) in the gubernaculums testis of newborn mice and explore their action mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A total of 140 male Kunming mice were randomly divided into a blank control, a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control, and 5 experimental groups to be treated subcutaneously with normal saline, DMSO, and DES at 0.02, 0.1, 0.5, 10 and 50 μg per kg of the body weight per day, respectively, at gestation days 9-17. On the first day after birth, the animals were sacrificed and the gubernaculums testis collected for detection of the mRNA expressions of AR, ERα, PCNA and ACTα1 by RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the DMSO control, the experimental groups, particularly the DES 10 and 50 μg groups, showed significant increases in the mRNA expression of ERα (RE2 = 0.825, P <0.05), but remarkable decreases in those of AR, PCNA and ACTα1 (RA2 = 0.713, RP2 = 0.946, RT2 = 0.960, P <0.01), all in a dose-dependent manner.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The AR, ERα, PCNA, and ACTα1 mRNA are expressed in the gubernaculum testis of normal newborn mice, and their expression levels may be influenced by intervention with different concentrations of DES during the gestation. Exogenous estrogens may affect the proliferation and contraction of gubernaculum testis cells and consequently the normal development of the testis or even the whole male reproductive system by influencing the metabolism of ER and/or AR.


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cells, Cultured , Diethylstilbestrol , Pharmacology , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Pharmacology , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , Estrogens, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Genitalia, Male , Gubernaculum , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Receptors, Androgen , Metabolism , Testis , Metabolism
18.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 453-456, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492846

ABSTRACT

Objective To enhance the awareness of diagnose and treatment of venous thrombus in premature infants. MethodsThe clinical features, treatment and prognosis of lower limb vein thrombus in three case of premature infants were retrospectively analyzed.ResultsThree premature infants of gestational age 29-36 weeks were found thrombosis in 1-57 days after birth. One case received peripherally inserted central cathete (PICC). All of three cases had infection signs and trauma. One case received thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapy, one case received high dose thrombolytic therapy, and both of them were treated successfully without bleeding complication. However, another case was deteriorated after giving up treatment.ConclusionsCritically ill premature infants are at high risk of thrombosis. Infection, indwelling tube, thrombophilia constitution, and maternal risk factors were the high risk factors of thrombosis. Early detection, early diagnosis, and effective individualized treatment can improve the prognosis.

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1073-1076, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492242

ABSTRACT

Objective To establishment the model of angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ) inducinged cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in H9c2 myocardial cells, and observinge the the changes of ubiquitin binding protein leveljunction protein ubiquitination level. Methods Myocardial cell isolated and subcultured H9c2 were cultured in vitro andmyocardial cell, they were divided into three groups in different AngⅡ concentration (10-8, 10-7, 10-6 mol/L), with in different hours (0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 h), and there is also a control group; measured the total protein contentlevel were measured useby BCA method , measured the number of cardiomyocytes in the same area were measured, and the relative surface area of myocardial cells were calculated. The expression of ubiquitin binding protein cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was time- and concentration-dependently induced by AngⅡ, wheremanifested, as total cellular protein content,relative cell surface area and the expression of ubiquitin binding proteinubiquitinated desmin significantly increasing compared with the control group (P < 0.05), which were most significant in 10-7 mol/L AngⅡtreated group for 48 h. Conclusions Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy model induced by 10-7 mol/L AngⅡ for 48 h , was successfully established , where H9c2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by 10-7 mol/L AngⅡ in 48 h, and ubiquitin binding proteinubiquitinated desmin significantly increased in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340597

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a heterogeneous disease that is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness and chronic inflammation. It is often accompanied by reversible airflow obstruction. Current laboratory testing methods for the diagnosis of asthma in children mainly include lung ventilation function test. Due to the non-cooperation of children, it is very challenging to conduct lung ventilation function test for preschoolers. Lung function testing is an instantaneous indicator, which is influenced by the children's understanding ability and mental factors. In addition, it could not assess the severity of airway inflammation. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a noninvasive, simple, and objective indicator of airway inflammation and has gradually gained increased use in children in recent years. This review article introduces the source of FeNO, the reference value of FeNO in laboratory testing, and the progress in the application of FeNO in the diagnosis, prediction, and treatment of asthma in children of various ages.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Breath Tests , Child , Humans , Nitric Oxide
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