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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 351-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994840

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease. The prevalence of dysphagia in patients with PD is 16%-87%. Dysphagic patients show abnormalities in the oral, pharyngeal and esophageal phases of swallowing. The evaluation tools of dysphagia in patients with PD include instrumental assessment tools, non-instrumental objective assessment tools and subjective assessment tools. Videofluoroscopic study of swallowing and flexible endoscopic examination of swallowing are the gold standards for swallowing assessment in patients with PD; high-resolution manometry, tongue pressure measurement, surface electromyography and ultrasonography can be used as supplementary tests; the Swallowing Disturbance Questionnaire Scale, which is sensitive, specific, reliable and valid, is recommended as a screening tool.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 322-330, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981941

ABSTRACT

Continuous self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) is vital for maintenance of adult spermatogenesis. Although several spermatogonial stem cell regulators have been extensively investigated in rodents, regulatory mechanisms of human SSC self-renewal and differentiation have not been fully established. We analyzed single-cell sequencing data from the human testis and found that forkhead box P4 (FOXP4) expression gradually increased with development of SSCs. Further analysis of its expression patterns in human testicular tissues revealed that FOXP4 specifically marks a subset of spermatogonia with stem cell potential. Conditional inactivation of FOXP4 in human SSC lines suppressed SSC proliferation and significantly activated apoptosis. FOXP4 expressions were markedly suppressed in tissues with dysregulated spermatogenesis. These findings imply that FOXP4 is involved in human SSC proliferation, which will help elucidate on the mechanisms controlling the fate decisions in human SSCs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Spermatogonia/metabolism , Stem Cells/metabolism , Testis/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1092-1098, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the relationship between sedentary behavior and the force expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) reduction in middle-aged and elderly people in communities. Methods: The participants aged ≥40 years were randomly selected from a natural population cohort in Songjiang District, Shanghai, for pulmonary function tests and survey by using international physical activity questionnaire, a generalized additive model was used to analyze the association between sedentary behavior and FEV1 reduction in the study population and different sex-age subgroups. Results: A total of 3 121 study subjects aged ≥40 years were included. The prevalence of FEV1 reduction was 14.8%, which was higher in men than in women. There were 24.8% participants were completely sedentary. The prevalence of FEV1 reduction in women aged <60 years in complete sedentary group was 2.04 (95%CI: 1.11-3.72) times higher than that in non-complete sedentary group. In men aged <60 years, the prevalence of FEV1 reduction increased with daily sedentary time (OR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.04-1.29), and the prevalence of FEV1 reduction was also higher in those with sedentary time >5 hours/day than those with sedentary time ≤5 hours/day (OR=3.02, 95%CI: 1.28-7.16). The sensitivity analysis also found such associations. Conclusions: FEV1 reduction rate in age group <60 years was associated with sedentary behavior. Complete sedentary behavior or absence of moderate to vigorous physical activity played important roles in FEV1 reduction in women, while men were more likely to be affected by increased sedentary time, which had no association with physical activity. Reducing sedentary time to avoid complete sedentary behavior, along with increased physical activity, should be encouraged in middle-aged and elderly adults in communities to improve their pulmonary function.


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Humans , Adult , Female , Infant , Sedentary Behavior , China/epidemiology , Exercise , Surveys and Questionnaires , Prevalence
4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 314-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972767

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesTo investigate characteristics and influencing factors of short-term variation of systolic blood pressure of community hypertension patients in Shanghai. MethodsBased on the standardized blood pressure measurement data of hypertensive patients in Shanghai (2018‒2021) and the noninfectious chronic disease management system database, coefficient of variation of systolic blood pressure (CV_S) was described and the influencing factors were analyzed. ResultsAmong 112 680 community hypertension patients, males accounted for 46.87% with a median age of 69 years. CV_S was 0.038 6 ± 0.035 0. Generalized linear model analysis showed the following influencing factors of CV_S: gender, females were higher than males, B=0.032, P<0.001; age group, 60‒69 years, 70‒79 years old group, and ≥80 years groups were all higher than <50 years group, B=0.042, 0.056, and 0.074 respectively with P values of 0.020, 0.002, and <0.001 respectively; smoking, smoking cessation and smoking everyday was lower than never smoking, B=-0.032 and-0.028 respectively with P values of 0.023 and 0.007 respectively; systolic blood pressure, 140‒159 mmHg group, 160‒179 mmHg group, and ≥180 mmHg group were lower then <140 mmHg group, B=-0.039, -0.091, and -0.175 respectively with P values all <0.001; and measurement season, autumn was lower than spring, (B=-0.056, P<0.001). The paired test showed that CV_S calculated from the three measurements was 1.04% higher than that calculated from the two measurements (P<0.001). ConclusionThe coefficient of variation of systolic blood pressure of community hypertension patients in Shanghai has large variation, and was influenced by many factors.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 659-674, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982427

ABSTRACT

Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder mainly characterized by progressive calcium deposition bilaterally in the brain, accompanied by various symptoms, such as dystonia, ataxia, parkinsonism, dementia, depression, headaches, and epilepsy. Currently, the etiology of PFBC is largely unknown, and no specific prevention or treatment is available. During the past 10 years, six causative genes (SLC20A2, PDGFRB, PDGFB, XPR1, MYORG, and JAM2) have been identified in PFBC. In this review, considering mechanistic studies of these genes at the cellular level and in animals, we summarize the pathogenesis and potential preventive and therapeutic strategies for PFBC patients. Our systematic analysis suggests a classification for PFBC genetic etiology based on several characteristics, provides a summary of the known composition of brain calcification, and identifies some potential therapeutic targets for PFBC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Diseases/therapy , Xenotropic and Polytropic Retrovirus Receptor , Brain/pathology
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3736-3742, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981506

ABSTRACT

Molecularly imprinted polymers demonstrate outstanding performance in the research on trace ingredients because of their high selectivity. Stimuli-responsive molecularly imprinted polymers(STR-MIPs) with the introduction of different responsive groups on the basis of traditionally imprinted materials can undergo reversible transformations when exposed to external stimuli such as temperature, magnetism, pH or light. Such responsiveness, combined with the specific recognition, endows STR-MIPs with excellent perfor-mance in trace component studies. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) contains complex components with trace content, and thus STR-MIPs have broad application prospects in the enrichment analysis of trace components in TCM. This paper elaborates on the application of STR-MIPs in the enrichment analysis of trace components in TCM from the perspectives of different stimuli, summarized relevant research achievements in the recent five years to broaden the application fields of molecular imprinting, and proposed a few opi-nions about their future development.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 451-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981020

ABSTRACT

Serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) plays an important role in the physiological processes of hormone release, neuronal excitation and cell proliferation. SGK1 also participates in the pathophysiological processes of inflammation and apoptosis in the central nervous system (CNS). Increasing evidence demonstrates that SGK1 may serve as a target of the intervention of neurodegenerative diseases. In this article, we summarize the recent progress on the role and molecular mechanisms of SGK1 in the regulation of the function of the CNS. We also discuss the potential of newly discovered SGK1 inhibitors in the treatment of CNS diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Proliferation , Central Nervous System Diseases/drug therapy , Inflammation , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/physiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 360-364, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004266

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the main causes of blood donor deferral in domestic blood center. 【Methods】 The causes of donor deferral were classified into 12 categories as previous medical history, drug use, alcohol consumption, menstrual period, underweight, abnormal blood pressure, abnormal body temperature, abnormal hemoglobin (Hb), lipemic blood, positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and others according to the comparison indicators of Asia-Pacific Blood Network (APBN) and the national standard Blood Donor Health Examination Requirements. The relevant data of the top 3 causes of donor deferral, voluntarily reported by the members of Practice Comparison Working Group of China’s Mainland Blood Collection and Supply Institutions from 2014 to 2019, were collected and a histogram was generated. 【Results】 The median donor deferral rate of 20 domestic blood centers from 2014 to 2019 was 12.14%, with the lowest at 0.18% and highest at 32.32%, respectively. The top three causes for donor deferral were elevated ALT, abnormal Hb and abnormal blood pressure in year 2014, 2015, 2018 and 2019; elevated ALT, lipemic blood and abnormal blood pressure in 2016; elevated ALT, abnormal Hb, and lipemic blood in 2017. 【Conclusion】 The main causes of donor deferral were elevated ALT, abnormal Hb, abnormal blood pressure and lipemic blood.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 350-355, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923540

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of Naikan cognitive-music reminiscence therapy on coping style in female patients with chronic schizophrenia.Methods In May, 2020, 72 female patients with chronic schizophrenia from Beijing Huilongguan Hospital were assigned into control group (n = 48) and music group (n = 24) after trait matching. Both groups accepted routine medicine, while the control group accepted Naikan cognitive therapy, and the music group accepted Naikan cognitive therapy combined music reminiscence, for twelve weeks. They were blind assessed with Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Self-rating Depression Scale and Self-rating Anxiety Scale before and after intervention.Results There were five cases in the control group removed for erroneous response. The main effects of group were not significant for all the assessments (F < 0.567, P > 0.05). The main effect of time was significant for negative coping style score (F = 6.968, P = 0.01), and the interaction effects were significant for positive coping style score and Self-rating Depression Scale score (F > 4.227, P < 0.05).Conclusion Combining with music reminiscence, Naikan cognitive therapy may be advantageous for the coping style of female patients with chronic schizophrenia.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the characteristics of static balance and limits of stability (LOS) in patients with cervical vertigo (CV). Methods From January, 2020 to August, 2021, 30 CV patients in our hospital (vertigo group) and 30 healthy people (control group) were selected and tested with PRO-KIN system, under the conditions of eyes open and closed. The standard deviation of the vertical and horizontal amplitude, the mean of vertical and horizontal sway velocities, the area of the movement, the length of the movement, and LOS at eight directions, The Romberg ratios of the area and the length were caculated. Results All the indicators of the static balance were higher under eyes closed than under eyes open in both groups (|Z| > 2.138, P < 0.05); whether under the eyes open or closed, the static balance indicators were higher in the vertigo group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.004, P < 0.05), except for the mean of horizontal sway velocities (|Z| < 1.026, P > 0.05). The LOS and total LOS completion percentage in the front (upper right, right above, upper left) were lower in the vertigo group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.240, P < 0.05). Conclusion The static balance abilities decrease for CV patients, and the balance control depends on visual compensation. The range of LOS reduces, means a higher risk of falling.

11.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 268-274, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the performance of magnetic beads extraction method (MGE) for the measurement of catecholamine metabolites by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.Methods:This is a methodological evaluation study. The linearity, limit of quantitation, recovery, precision, and matrix effect of catecholamine metabolites 3-methoxyepinephrine (MN), 3-methoxynorepinephrine (NMN) and 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT) extracted by MGE method were evaluated according to CLSI C62-A. Consensus of method development and validation of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in clinical laboratories and other guidelines, 132 clinical residual plasma samples were collected and extracted by automated MGE and traditional solid phase extraction (SPE) method to compare the harmonization of the two extraction methods.Results:The linearity of MN, NMN and 3-MT extracted by automated MGE was>0.99, and the LOQ for MN, NMN and 3-MT were 0.033 5 nmol/L, 0.054 7 nmol/L and 0.011 0 nmol/L, respectively. The repeatability of MN, NMN and 3-MT were 1.3%-5.1%, 2.2%-5.6% and 1.7%-7.1%, respectively. The total imprecision in the laboratory were 1.5%-8.2%, 2.2%-7.7%, 2.1%-11.2%. Although the absolute recovery is low, the average relative recoveries of MN, NMN and 3-MT were 91.5%-108.5%, 92.0%-108.6%, and 89.3%-104.1%, respectively, and the percentage deviation from the expected concentration was within 15%. After isotope internal standard correction, the relative matrix effect is close to 100%, which can compensate for the potential matrix effect. The results of MGE and SPE of MN, NMN and 3-MT showeda good correlation (correlation coefficient r>0.99). The average relative deviations of MN, NMN and 3-MT were 0.2%, -1.4% and 1.0%, respectively. Conclusion:The automatic MGE method hasa good performance in extracting catecholamine metabolites, and is expected to be used in high-throughput analysis of samples in clinical in the future.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 545-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) on moderate and severe medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis.Methods:This study retrospectively reviewed patients treated with medial open wedge HTO between January 2017 and January 2019. All cases were followed up for more than 2 years. There were 28 patients with severe osteoarthritis, including 11 males and 17 females, aged 56.36±5.06 years. There were 32 patients with moderate osteoarthritis, including 12 males and 20 females, aged 54.16±6.3 years. Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading, hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), weight bearing line (WBL) ratio, joint line convergence angle (JLCA), medial joint space (MJS), posterior tibial slope (PTS), medial meniscus extrusion (MME) and medial meniscus extrusion ratio (MMER) were evaluated on radiographs before and 2 years after surgery. The International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) of the cartilage of medial femoral condyle (MFC) and medial tibial condyle (MTC) were evaluated under arthroscopy. The clinical outcomes were assessed by the Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and the degree of medial collateral ligament (MCL) pseudo-relaxation. Predictors of MCL pseudo-relaxation were screened by binary logistic regression analysis.Results:K-L grading, HKA, WBL ratio and MJS improved in both groups after surgery, with no statistical significance between groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative JLCA was improved, whereas MME and MMER were not. And the severe group was higher than the moderate group before and after surgery ( P<0.05). Cartilage of MFC: in the severe group, 2 cases of ICRS 3 grade, 26 of 4 grade improved to 11 of 2 grade, 12 of 3 grade, 5 of 4 grade; in the moderate group, 12 cases of ICRS 2 grade, 18 of 3 grade, 2 of 4 grade improved to 30 of 2 grade, 2 of 3 grade. Cartilage of MTC: in the severe group, 2 cases of ICRS 3 grade, 26 of 4 grade improved to 17 of 2 grade, 8 of 3 grade, 3 of 4 grade; in the moderate group, 11 of 2 grade, 8 of 3 grade, 3 of 4 grade improved to 27 of 2 grade, 5 of 3 grade. The postoperative WOMAC score of the severe group improved from 50.71±8.07 to 3.86±1.84, while in the moderate group it improved from 44.09±6.63 to 3.34±2.24. The postoperative VAS score of the severe group decreased from 7.14±1.21 to 3.34±2.24, whereas it decreased from 6.38±1.24 to 0.44±0.62 in the moderate group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the postoperative groups ( P>0.05). In the severe group, the degree of pseudo-relaxation of the MCL improved from preoperative 25 of I degree, 3 of II degree to postoperative 28 of 0 degree at the 0° position, and from 25 of I degree, 3 of II degree to 24 of 0 degree, 4 of I degree at 30° position ( P<0.05). In the moderate group, the degree of pseudo-relaxation of the MCL improved from preoperative 31 of 0 degree, 1 of I degree to postoperative 32 of 0 degree at the 0° position, and from 28 of 0 degree, 4 of I degree to 32 of 0 degree at the 30° position ( P<0.05). JLCA ( OR=0.08, 95% CI: 0.007, 0.948, P=0.045), MME ( OR=0.11, 95% CI: 0.100, 1.32, P=0.082) and MMER ( OR=0.66, 95% CI: 0.422, 1.030, P=0.067) were independent predictors of MCL pseudo-relaxation (the difference was statistically significant at P<0.10). Conclusion:Medial open wedge HTO has significant short-term clinical effect on the treatment of moderate and severe medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis, which can effectively relieve pain symptoms, improve joint function, and restore medial knee stability. Preoperative large JLCA, MME and MMER indicate pseudo-relaxation of the MCL.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 85-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the prevention and treatment of venomous snake bites by analyzing the epidemiological characteristics of venomous snake bite in Wuzhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted. The medical records of 1 091 patients with venomous snake bites admitted to the department of snake wound of Wuzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2014 to December 2020 were collected, including snake species, gender and age of patients, bite time, bite site and local symptom.Results:The medical records of 952 patients with a definite clinical diagnosis of snake bite were enrolled. Among the 952 patients with venomous snake bites, the main bites were from Ovophis (32.98%), Trimeresurus (27.84%) and Naja (26.26%), followed by Bungarus multicinctus (6.51%), Ophiophagus Hannah (3.15%) and Agkistrodonhalys (1.58%), and few bites were from Rhabdophis subminiatus (0.73%), Bungarus fasciatus (0.42%), viper (0.32%) and Agkistrodon (0.21%). Of the 952 patients with venomous snake bites, there were almost twice as many males as females [647 cases (67.96%) vs. 305 cases (32.04%), with male to female ratio of 2.12∶1]. The age of patients ranged from 0.8 to 87.0 years old, with 40-59 years old as the majority (42.44%), followed by ≥ 60 years old (27.31%). Snake bites mainly occurred from April to November (93.59%), with a peak in October (16.39%). The incidence time was mainly afternoon (12:00-17:59, 30.88%) and evening (18:00-23:59, 33.30%), followed by morning (06:00-11:59, 24.69%), and early in the morning (00:00-05:59, 11.13%). The incidence time of Ovophis and Bungarus multicinctus mainly concentrated in 18:00-23:59, the time of Trimeresurus was in 06:00-11:59, and that of Naja and Ophiophagus hannah was in 12:00-17:59. Most cases of snake bite were on limbs (98.53%), and mainly on the right limbs (53.57%). The lower limbs mainly were bitten by Ovophis, while the upper limbs mainly were bitten by Naja and by Ophiophagus hannah. The local symptoms of the bite of Ovophis and Trimeresurus were similar, mainly including pain, swelling, tenderness, high temperature of skin around the wound, bleeding and exudation, etc. And the local symptoms of the bite of Naja were pain, swelling, bruising, tenderness, bleeding and exudation, red skin, etc. Numbness and mild pain were the main symptoms of the bite of Bungarus multicinctus and Bungarus fasciatus, but other local characteristics were not obvious.Conclusions:The majority of venomous snake bite patients in Wuzhou City of Guangxi were middle-aged and elderly males, and the majority of venomous snakes were Ovophis, Trimeresurus, and Naja. Most venomous snake bite occurs from April to November, and the incidence time was concentrated between 12:00 and 23:59. The majority of venomous snake bite was limb bites. The local symptoms were pain, swelling, tenderness, high temperature of skin around the wound, bruising, etc. To reduce the incidence rate, disability rate and mortality of snake bite disease, a snake bite prevention system should be established, the education and publicity of snake bite prevention knowledge should be strengthened, the awareness of snake bite prevention should be improved, and clinical diagnosis and treatment should be assisted, based on the epidemiological characteristics of snake bite in Wuzhou area.

14.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 24-30, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between carotid blood flow and the parameters derived by pulse oximetry Plethysmographic waveform in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, so as to provide a new index for carotid blood flow monitoring in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Methods:Seven male domestic pigs were utilized for cardiac arrest model through ventricular fibrillation induced by electrical stimulation. Eight minutes after cardiac arrest, artificial chest compression was given for 4 min, and epinephrine 20 μg/kg was injected intravenously at 2 min after chest compression. The compression frequency, compression depth, right carotid blood flow, pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform, aortic pressure, right atrium pressure and end tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure were continuously monitored and recorded. From 30 s to 4 min after chest compression, the values of the mean right carotid blood flow, the area under curve (AUC) of pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform, the mean perfusion index, the mean coronary perfusion pressure and the average end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure during 6 s before time point were calculated every 30 s. The correlations between right carotid blood flow and the AUC of pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform and perfusion index were analyzed respectively.Results:Ventricular fibrillation was induced successfully in seven animals. There were no significant differences in the mean chest compression frequency and depth per min during 4 min of chest compression. Right carotid blood flow at 30 s after chest compression was (92.7±32.7) mL/min, and decreased to (48.5±23.5) mL/min at 1 min after chest compression ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in blood flow before and after epinephrine injection ( P>0.05). The AUC of the blood oxygen plethysmographic waveform and perfusion index showed synchronous change trends with right carotid blood flow. Both coronary perfusion pressure and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure showed different change trends with right carotid blood flow. There was a positive correlation between the right carotid blood flow and the AUC of blood oxygen plethysmographic waveform ( r=0.66, P<0.01), and also a positive correlation between right carotid blood flow and perfusion index ( r=0.57, P<0.01). Conclusions:Carotid blood flow is positively correlated with the AUC of blood oxygen plethysmographic waveform and perfusion index in a porcine model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Real-time monitoring of the two parameters derived by pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform can reflect the changes of carotid blood flow to a certain extent.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 481-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of miRNA-628-3p (miR-628-3p) on the proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of non-small cell lung cancer H1299 cells and its targeting relationship with insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R).Methods:The blank control group (untreated H1299 cells), miR-NC group (H1299 cells transfected with empty plasmid), miR-628-3p-M group (H1299 cells transfected with miR-628-3p mimic sequence plasmid) and miR-628-3p-I group (H1299 cells transfected with miR-628-3p inhibitory sequence plasmid) were established. The cells in each group were cultured for 72 h, and the cell proliferation ability was detected by methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) method, the number of cell monoclonal formation was determined by crystal violet staining, the level of cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry, and the cell invasion ability was determined by Transwell method. The mRNA levels of miR-628-3p and IGF-1R in cells were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the protein level of IGF-1R in cells was determined by Western blotting.Results:Compared with the blank control group and miR-NC group, the cell survival rate [(42±7)% vs. (78±6)%, (76±7)%], the number of monoclonal formation [235±35 vs. 614±89, 618±75], the number of invasive cells [(265±85) cells vs. (693±185) cells, (703±119) cells], relative expression of IGF-1R mRNA (2.17±0.14 vs. 3.38±0.15, 3.37±0.13) and relative expression of IGF-1R protein (0.34±0.13 vs. 0.89±0.19, 0.88±0.18) in the miR-628-3p-M group were lower (all P < 0.05), but the apoptosis rate [(9.30±3.51)% vs. (3.30±1.54)%, (3.10±1.94)%] and relative expression of miR-628-3p (6.93±0.17 vs. 3.29±0.15, 3.30±0.16) were higher (all P < 0.05); the cell survival rate [(90±6)%], the number of monoclonal formation (1 063±102), the number of invasive cells [(1 985±426) cells], relative expression of IGF-1R mRNA (4.30±0.18) and relative expression of IGF-1R protein (1.47±0.17) in the miR-628-3p-I group were higher (all P < 0.05), but the apoptosis rate [(0.90±0.20)%] and the relative expression of miR-628-3p (1.93±0.18) were lower (both P < 0.05). Compared with the miR-628-3p-M group, the miR-628-3p-I group had higher cell survival rate, the number of monoclonal formation, the number of invasive cells, and the relative expressions of IGF-1R mRNA and protein (all P < 0.05), but the apoptosis rate and relative expression of miR-628-3p were lower (both P < 0.05). Conclusions:After regulation of miR-628-3p level, the proliferation, migration and invasion of H1299 cells are affected. miR-628-3p may have a targeting relationship with IGF-1R.

16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1275-1278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958655

ABSTRACT

Objective:The characteristics of women with false elevated testosterone were analyze and the literature was reviewed to provide reference for clinical laboratory identification of false elevated testosterone.Methods:The characteristics of three patients with false elevated testosterone in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were analyzed retrospectively, and the results of different detection platforms and methods for the determination of testosterone levels were compared. International and domestic literatures related to false elevation of testosterone and detection methods of testosterone were searched for a comprehensive analysis from PUBMED and CNKI.Results:The levels of testosterone in 3 female patients were elevated by immunoassay and normal by mass spectrometry. They were excluded from the diagnosis of hyperandrogenemia. A total of 38 literatures related to testosterone detection were retrieved, of which 9 case reports of pseudohyperandrogenemia, among which 12 cases of pseudohyperandrogenemia were reported in 2 domestic literatures in 2021. All cases were confirmed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Previous studies have clearly indicated that the result of routine immunoassay in clinical laboratory for the determination of female testosterone have poor correlation with the results of LC-MS/MS, with varying degrees of deviation.Conclusions:Immunoassay tests for female testosterone is susceptible to interference and lead to elevated false results. It is suggested that clinical laboratories evaluate the detection methods used and establish a identification program, and confirm samples with suspected pseudoelevated testosterone elevation using other immune platforms or LC-MS/MS.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 241-251, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To predict the trends for fine-scale spread of Oncomelania hupensis based on supervised machine learning models in Shanghai Municipality, so as to provide insights into precision O. hupensis snail control.@*METHODS@#Based on 2016 O. hupensis snail survey data in Shanghai Municipality and climatic, geographical, vegetation and socioeconomic data relating to O. hupensis snail distribution, seven supervised machine learning models were created to predict the risk of snail spread in Shanghai, including decision tree, random forest, generalized boosted model, support vector machine, naive Bayes, k-nearest neighbor and C5.0. The performance of seven models for predicting snail spread was evaluated with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), F1-score and accuracy, and optimal models were selected to identify the environmental variables affecting snail spread and predict the areas at risk of snail spread in Shanghai Municipality.@*RESULTS@#Seven supervised machine learning models were successfully created to predict the risk of snail spread in Shanghai Municipality, and random forest (AUC = 0.901, F1-score = 0.840, ACC = 0.797) and generalized boosted model (AUC= 0.889, F1-score = 0.869, ACC = 0.835) showed higher predictive performance than other models. Random forest analysis showed that the three most important climatic variables contributing to snail spread in Shanghai included aridity (11.87%), ≥ 0 °C annual accumulated temperature (10.19%), moisture index (10.18%) and average annual precipitation (9.86%), the two most important vegetation variables included the vegetation index of the first quarter (8.30%) and vegetation index of the second quarter (7.69%). Snails were more likely to spread at aridity of < 0.87, ≥ 0 °C annual accumulated temperature of 5 550 to 5 675 °C, moisture index of > 39% and average annual precipitation of > 1 180 mm, and with the vegetation index of the first quarter of > 0.4 and the vegetation index of the first quarter of > 0.6. According to the water resource developments and township administrative maps, the areas at risk of snail spread were mainly predicted in 10 townships/subdistricts, covering the Xipian, Dongpian and Tainan sections of southern Shanghai.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Supervised machine learning models are effective to predict the risk of fine-scale O. hupensis snail spread and identify the environmental determinants relating to snail spread. The areas at risk of O. hupensis snail spread are mainly located in southwestern Songjiang District, northwestern Jinshan District and southeastern Qingpu District of Shanghai Municipality.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Ecosystem , Gastropoda , Supervised Machine Learning
18.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 60-66, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928242

ABSTRACT

This data article describes data acquired from the Database of Youth Health (DYH) program. The DYH program consisted of a multi-wave survey conducted annually in the academic year 2015/2016, 2016/2017, 2017/2018, and 2020/2021 to investigate the status quo of health and health-related behaviors of Chinese junior and senior high school students. A total of 99,327 students from 186 secondary schools in 17 cities of Shandong province participated in the survey. The dataset is longitudinal and consists of rich parameters in aspects of individual information, social-economic status, social interaction, nutrition and diet, psychological cognition, mental health, school adaptation, quality of life, spare-time physical activity, risk behaviors, and physical fitness evaluation results based on the National Student Physical Fitness and Health 2014. It is the first open shared dataset about Chinese adolescents' health and health-related behaviors. It would be valuable and beneficial for policy makers, educational institutions, and other stakeholders to generate or adjust the existing strategies for improving Chinese adolescents' wellbeing.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , China , Health Behavior , Quality of Life , Schools , Students
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 185-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935200

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) with perineural invasion (PNI), and explore the prognostic value of PNI on sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 105 patients with sinonasal ACC admitted to Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2000 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were restaged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition. Follow-up visits were conducted to obtain information of treatment failure and survival outcome. The Log rank test was used for univariate analysis of prognostic factors, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results: The maxillary sinus (n=59) was the most common primary site, followed by the nasal cavity (n=38). There were 93 patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ. The treatment modalities included surgery alone (n=14), radiotherapy alone (n=13), preoperative radiotherapy plus surgery (n=10), and surgery plus postoperative radiotherapy (n=68). The median follow-up time was 91.8 months, the 5-year local control (LC), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were 72.6%, 73.0%, 52.9% and 78.0%, respectively. There were 33 patients (31.4%) with PNI-positive. The 5-year DMFS, PFS, and OS rates of PNI-positive group were 53.7%, 29.4% and 56.5%, respectively, which were significantly inferior to those of PNI-negative group (80.8%, 63.0% and 86.8%, respectively, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the 5-year LC rate between both groups (64.5% vs 76.5%, P=0.273). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed PNI was one of the poor prognostic factors of DMFS (HR=3.514, 95%CI: 1.557-7.932), PFS (HR=2.562, 95%CI: 1.349-4.866) and OS (HR=2.605, 95%CI: 1.169-5.806). Among patients with PNI-positive, the 5-year LC, PFS and OS rates of patients received surgery combined with radiotherapy were 84.9%, 41.3% and 72.7%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 23.3%, 10.0% and 26.7% of patients receiving surgery or radiotherapy alone (P<0.05). Conclusion: The presence of PNI increases the risk of distant metastasis in patients with sinonasal ACC. Compared with patients with PNI-negative, the prognosis of patients with PNI-positive is relatively poor, and surgery combined with radiotherapy for PNI-positive sinonasal ACC results in good clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1077-1081, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907907

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of neonates with Pierre-Robin sequence (PRS) who received mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO), in order to provide a basis for perioperative evaluation and management.Methods:Data of neonates diagnosed with PRS and receiving MDO in the Department of Neonatology, Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center between December 2016 and December 2019 were collected for a retrospective study.According to the types of respiratory support needed before surgery, they can be categorized into 3 groups: the invasive ventilation group, the noninvasive ventilation group, the oxygen therapy/positioning therapy group.According to the usage of sedative and analgesic drugs after surgery, they were categorized into 2 groups: the sedative-analgesic group(Fentanyl Citrate and Midazolam) and the single sedative group(Midazolam alone).Results:A total of 31 children were admitted, 22 cases of whom received MDO at an age of (22.09±8.42) d, including 11 cases in the invasive ventilation group, 5 cases in the non-invasive ventilation group, and 6 cases in the therapy/positioning therapy group before surgery; there was statistical significance in severe respiratory distress (81.8% vs.60.0% vs.0) and feeding difficulties (100.0% vs.80.0% vs.50.0%) among the 3 groups (all P<0.05), while there was no difference in laryngomalacia rate(63.6% vs.20.0% vs.33.3%), non-gain in weight before surgery(81.8% vs.80.0% vs.66.7%), postoperative ventilation duration[(7.5±3.4) d vs.(7.2±5.3) d vs.(6.9±4.1) d]and hospital stay[(36.3±9.3) d vs.(34.1±0.3) d vs.(33.8±7.5) d] (all P>0.05). Among these 22 patients, there were 9 cases in the sedative-analgesic group, and 13 cases in the single sedative group.Compared with the single sedative group, cases in the sedative-analgesic group had significantly lower extubation rate (0 vs.15.4%) and shorter hospital stay[(32.3±5.2) d vs.(39.8±7.3) d], and the difference were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Besides, there were no differences in postoperative ventilation duration[(7.4 ± 3.9) d vs.(7.6 ± 4.2) d]between both groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative remission rate of airway obstruction was 100%. Conclusions:MDO in children in their neonatal period could achieve favorable efficacy.The duration of postoperative ventilator support and hospital stay in children with severe airway obstruction could not be prolonged compared with children with mild obstruction, and postoperative sedation and analgesic management can reduce the extubation rate.

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