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1.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 359-364, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004963

ABSTRACT

A middle-aged man was presented with poor appetite, polyuria, polydrpsia, and headache. A sellar mass was found, along with total pituitary hypofunction and visual field defect. A biopsy of the lesion via the trans-sphenoidal approach showed inflammatory changes and granuloma formation. However, repeated cerebrospinal fluid and pathogenic examination of the pathological tissue showed no positive indications. The initial diagnosis considered autoimmune hypophysitis, and treatment of glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressants was administered, which led to a temporary shrinkage of the lesion, but it gradually enlarged subsequently. After multidisciplinary discussion, a high possibility of pituitary tuberculosis infection was decided upon. After standardized anti-tuberculosis treatment was initiated, the lesion reduced noticeably and the patient′s condition improved. Pituitary tuberculosis infection is incredibly rare and extremely easy to misdiagnose. This case was diagnosed and treated in a timely and effective manner through a multidisciplinary approach, highlighting the importance of such an approach in dealing with rare diseases.

2.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 496-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and influencing factors in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients with long-term combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART).Methods:The baseline data from the multi-center prospective cohort of HIV/AIDS patients who received long-term cART from 2018 to 2020 were collected. cART-naive HIV/AIDS patients were matched by age and gender using the propensity score matching (PSM) as controls. Data collection adverse events of anti-human immunodeficiency virus drugs reduced model (D: A: D[R]) score, Framingham risk score (FRS) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score were used to assess the 10-year CVD risk in patients with long-term cART treatment and in cART-naive patients. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the risk factors related to high 10-year CVD risk.Results:A total of 301 HIV/AIDS patients received long-term cART and 300 cART-naive HIV/AIDS patients were included, with an average age of 39.8 years old. There were 490 male accounting for 81.5%. Based on the D: A: D [R] score, 4.3%(13/301) of patients in the long-term cART group had a 10-year CVD risk assessment of ≥10%, and 6.3%(19/300) of patients in the cART-naive group. Based on the FRS, 13.4%(36/269) of patients in the long-term cART group had a 10-year CVD risk assessment of ≥10%, and 10.6%(28/264) in the cART-naive group. Based on the ASCVD risk score, 10.4%(14/135) of patients in the long-term cART group had a 10-year CVD risk assessment of ≥7.5%, and 13.8%(17/123) in the cART-naive group. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of high 10-years CVD risk between the long-term cART group and the cART-naive group assessed by any of risk equations (all P>0.050). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, the risk factors associated with 10-year CVD risk ≥10% assessed by D: A: D[R] model were age≥50 years, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and CD4 + T lymphocyte count <200×10 6 cells/L (adjusted odds ratio ( AOR)=697.48, 4 622.28, 23.11, 25.95, 27.72 and 18.25, respectively, all P<0.010). The risk factors associated with 10-year CVD risk ≥10% assessed by FRS were age≥50 years, male, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia ( AOR=53.51, 4.52, 36.93, 36.77, 6.15 and 3.84, respectively, all P<0.050). The risk factors associated with 10-year CVD risk ≥7.5% assessed by ASCVD risk score were age≥50 years, male, smoking, hypertension, diabetes ( AOR=18.48, 14.11, 14.81, 13.42 and 12.41, respectively, all P<0.050). Conclusions:Long-term cART has no significant effect on the 10-year CVD risk in HIV/AIDS patients. Higher CVD risk in HIV/AIDS patients are mainly associated with CD4 + T lymphocyte counts<200×10 6 cells/L and traditional CVD risk factors, including age≥50 years old, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 49-56, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of total ginsenoside ginseng root on the learning and memory impairment and anxiety of hindlimb suspension rats by detecting the performance of rats in the water maze, elevated plus maze, and the expression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, inflammatory factors and tryptophan pathway related factors through the intervention of ginsenosides in hindlimb suspension rats. Method:The Wistar male rats were divided into normal group, hindlimb suspension model group, Huperzine A group (0.1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and total ginsenoside ginseng root low and high dose groups (100, 200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 8 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the rats in the other groups maintained a -30° hindlimb suspension state for 24 h. The normal group and the model group received intragastric administration of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> pure water . After 28 days of continuous administration, the water maze and elevated plus maze behavioral tests were performed. After the tests, blood was taken from the abdominal aorta, and the rat brain cortex was peeled off on ice, quenched with liquid nitrogen, and stored at -80 ℃ for later use. LC-MS/MS was used to detect neurotransmitter levels of dopamine, acetylcholine, glutamate, <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyric acid and tryptophan pathway metabolites (tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, kynurenine, 3-hydroxykynurenine, and kynurenine) in rat brain cortex. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10, the HPA axis-related hormone corticotropin (ACTH), and the level of corticosterone (CORT). Result:Compared with the normal group, the escape latency in the water maze significantly increased, the number of crossings was significantly reduced, and the number of open-arm entry and the percentage of open-arm entry were significantly reduced in the elevated plus maze in model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), the content of dopamine, acetylcholine, glutamic acid, and <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyric acid in the cortex decreased, kynurenine and kynurenic acid showed an upward trend, 3-hydroxykynurenine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid showed a downward trend, and the levels of IL-6, IL-10, ACTH, and CORT in the serum significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group of rats, total ginsenoside ginseng root low and high dose groups group reduced the avoidance latency in the water maze, and increased the number of crossings and the number of open arms of the elevated plus maze, dopamine, acetylcholine, glutamate, and <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyl content increased, while kynurenine and kynurenic acid showed a downward trend, 3-hydroxykynurenine, serotonin, and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid showed an upward trend, and IL-6, IL-10, ACTH, and CORT factor levels were down-regulated(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Hindlimb suspension for 28 days in simulated microgravity can impair the learning and memory ability of rats and cause anxiety-like behaviors. Total ginsenoside ginseng root can improve their learning and memory impairment and anxiety-like behaviors. The mechanism may be mainly related to inhibiting body inflammation and regulating HPA axis imbalance.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2130-2135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904856

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of liver three-dimensional (3D) visualized reconstruction technique in hepatectomy for children with complicated hepatoblastoma. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 30 children with hepatoblastoma who underwent hepatectomy for radical resection in PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center from January 2018 to October 2020, and according to whether liver 3D visualization with IQQA-Liver system was performed before surgery, the children were divided into 3D reconstruction group with 15 children and control group with 15 children. The two groups were compared in terms of perioperative parameters, short-term prognosis, and follow-up conditions. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results Compared with the control group, the 3D reconstruction group had a significantly higher mean age (55.7±10.2 years vs 28.2±2.7 years, P 0.05). The median follow-up after surgery was 9.5 months. In the 3D reconstruction group, 2 children experienced recurrence and were diagnosed at 10 and 12 months, respectively, after surgery, and they were treated with chemotherapy at the moment; in the control group, 4 children experienced recurrence, which was higher than that in the 3D reconstruction group ( P =0.651), and among these 4 children, 2 had recurrence at 7 months after surgery, received liver transplantation, and survived up to now, and the other 2 children died shortly after recurrence. Conclusion 3D visualized reconstruction technique helps to perform hepatectomy for children with complicated hepatoblastoma more safely and accurately, especially extended hepatectomy for patients with stage POST TEXT III/IV hepatoblastoma, thereby avoiding liver transplantation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 145-151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of carotid artery abnormalities in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients and the related risk factors affecting the occurrence of carotid artery abnormalities.Methods:A total of 169 regular follow-up outpatients with HIV/AIDS from April 2003 to December 2019 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, whose carotid artery ultrasound examination were performed from July 2015 to December 2019 were included. The patients were divided into young (≤44 years old), middle-aged and elderly (≥45 years old) according to their ages, and the physical examination data of the included patients were collected.The statistical methods were logistic regression analysis and single sample t test. Results:Among the 169 HIV/AIDS patients, 40(23.7%) had abnormal carotid artery and 129(76.3%) had no abnormal carotid artery. Middle-aged and elderly people (odds ratio ( OR)=3.85, 95%confidence interval (95% CI) 1.54-9.65, P<0.01), hypertension ( OR=6.24, 95% CI 1.95-20.00, P<0.01), hyperlipidemia ( OR=2.44, 95% CI 1.00-5.93, P<0.05), and elevated human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR + CD8 + /CD8 + ( OR=1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06, P<0.05) were the risk factors for carotid artery abnormality. The common carotid artery inner medium film thickness (IMT) of patients in HIV/AIDS group Ⅰ (20 to 30 years old), group Ⅱ (31 to 40 years old), group Ⅲ (41 to 50 years old) were (0.061 0±0.001 2), (0.062 9±0.001 4) and (0.065 6±0.002 6) cm, respectively, which were thicker than the control groups ((0.051±0.003), (0.056±0.004) and (0.063±0.002) cm, respectively). The differences were all statistically significant ( t=5.119, 4.775 and 1.739, respectively, all P<0.05). The common carotid artery IMT of patients in HIV/AIDS group A (30 to 44 years old) and group B (45 to 59 years old) were (0.062 6±0.001 1) and (0.072 3±0.003 4) cm, respectively, which were thicker than the control groups ((0.052±0.011) and (0.064±0.015) cm, respectively), the differences were both statistically significant ( t=9.520 and 3.012, respectively, both P<0.01). Conclusion:Younger HIV-positive people have a higher probability of abnormal carotid arteries and may be at greater risk of cardiovascular disease than HIV-negative people of the same age, suggesting that HIV-positive people, especially young people, should be examined early with ultrasound of the neck arteries to detect abnormalities and intervene as soon as possible.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3377-3387, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887988

ABSTRACT

The chemical components of Lycii Fructus were analyzed by liquid chromatography( LC) and mass spectrometry( MS for the establishment of spectrum-activity relationship,on the basis of which its antioxidant active ingredients were determined. In this experiment,Lycii Fructus was extracted with different solvents and then separated into 80 samples by macroporous adsorption resin and reversed-phase chromatography,respectively. The antioxidant components were enriched into 11 samples and their scavenging abilities against DPPH free radical and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power( FRAP) were significantly stronger than those before the treatment( P<0. 05). The spectrum-activity relationship regarding the antioxidant activity in vitro of Lycii Fructus was established by Pearson correlation analysis,orthogonal partial least squares( OPLS) and elastic net regression. Six chromatographic peaks greatly contributing to the antioxidant activity in vitro of Lycii Fructus were identified as rutin( P6),quercetin( P35),scopoletin( P14),N-cis-feruloyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-tyramine or N-( 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-trans-feruloyl)-tyramine( P8), ferulic acid( P13) and1,3,5-dihydroxy-2-isoprenyl-3-xanthone( P23). The active components associated with free radical scavenging were rutin and quercetin both belonging to flavonoids. The reduction of Fe3+was based on phenylpropanoids such as ferulic acid,scopoletin,xanthone and phenolic amides. These results indicated that the antioxidant activity of Lycii Fructus was ascribed to the synergistic action of different products through different ways. Besides,the data analysis model should be chosen carefully for the establishment of spectrum-activity relationship,thus ensuring the reliability of results.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Phenols , Reproducibility of Results
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1073-1079, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942578

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the difference of concentrations of specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) derived from fatty acids in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP) and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (nECRSwNP). Methods: A total of 36 patients with bilateral chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) who underwent endoscopic nasal surgeries in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2019 to September 2020 were enrolled, including 27 males and 9 females, with the age from 13 to 67 years. There were 23 cases of ECRSwNP and 13 cases of nECRSwNP. At the same time, 12 control subjects were enrolled. The concentrations of multiple SPMs, including lipoxins (LXA4 and LXB4), resolvins (RvD1, RvD2, RvD3, RvD5 and RvE1), protectins (PDX) and maresins (Mar-1) in nasal polyps with different histological subtypes and normal nasal mucosa were analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The concentrations of SPMs between groups were compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the correlation between the concentrations of SPMs in nasal polyps and tissue eosinophil counts. Results: The concentrations of RvD2, RvD3, RvD5, LXA4, LXB4, Mar-1 and PDX in ECRSwNP group were significantly higher than that in controls (Z value was -2.276, -2.313, -3.371, -2.094, -2.051, -3.104 and -2.294, respectively, all P<0.05). The concentrations of RvD2, RvD5, Mar-1 and PDX in ECRSwNP group were significantly higher than those in nECRSwNP group (Z value was -2.175, -2.289, -2.243 and -2.124, respectively, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in all these SPMs between nECRSwNP and controls (all P>0.05). The concentrations of RvD2, RvD3, RvD5, LXB4, Mar-1 and PDX in nasal polyps correlated positively with tissue eosinophil counts (r value was 0.443, 0.436, 0.371, 0.502, 0.340 and 0.386, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions: A varienty of SPMs are elevated in ECRSwNP. Dysregulation of fatty acid metabolism might play an important role in the chronic inflammation of ECRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 249-255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the histopathological and hematological changes in reoperation of recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: A total of 41 patients with CRSwNP who underwent two consecutive endoscopic sinus surgeries in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February 1999 to April 2019 were included retrospectively, including 25 males and 16 females, aged (40.7±13.6) years at the former surgery and (47.0±13.2) years at the recurrent surgery. The peripheral blood cell count results were collected. Differential inflammatory cells in nasal polyp tissue sections were counted and characteristics of tissue remodeling were scored. Paired t test was used to compare the hematological and histological data of the two surgeries in the same cohort. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between tissue and peripheral blood eosinophil contents. Results: In histopathological tissue sections of nasal polyps, the mean tissue eosinophil, lymphocyte and total inflammatory cell counts per high power field significantly decreased (54.04±34.67 vs 76.97±65.59, 35.27±16.61 vs 50.01±26.94, 128.88±41.32 vs 176.38±80.59, t value was 2.413, 2.923, 3.445, respectively, all P<0.05), whereas the percentages of different inflammatory cell types remained unchanged when comparing the recurrent surgery with the former surgery. There was a significant reduction of basement membrane thickness and goblet cell hyperplasia score in the recurrent surgery (1.29±0.84 vs 2.00±0.84, 1.81±1.31 vs 2.44±1.10, t value was 5.367, 2.714, respectively, all P<0.05). Subgroup analysis suggested that changes in asthmatic cases, younger cases and cases without previous surgery were more remarkable than non-asthmatics, older cases and cases with previous surgery, respectively. There was no significant change in peripheral white blood cell counts and differential cell percentages, except a small increase of blood monocyte percentage. Correlation analysis showed that tissue eosinophil content correlated positively with blood eosinophil content at each surgery. Conclusions: In the recurrent surgery of CRSwNP, tissue eosinophil, lymphocyte and total inflammatory cell counts decrease significantly compare with that of the former surgery. The histological inflammatory load decreases with improvement of tissue remodeling, which could be attributed to the integrated treatment with surgery and medications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Nasal Polyps , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis , Sinusitis
9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 689-692,698, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the complete blood count of children under 5 years old in outpatient department of pediatrics in general hospitals in Shanghai and Shigatse, and to explore the incidence and risk factors of anemia among children in different regions.Methods:Complete blood count of 19 863 children in outpatient department of pediatrics of Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital in 2018 and 2 476 children in outpatient department of pediatrics of Shigatse People′s Hospital in 2018 were retrieved. The value of haemoglobin (HB), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were analyzed. The types, incidence and degree of anemia in different regions were compared. The information during pregnancies, supplementary foods, residence and educational level of mothers of anemic children in Shigatse area and Shanghai were collected.Results:The incidence of nutritional anemia in Tibetan children was higher than that in Shanghai, with mild to moderate anemia predominating in Tibetan area and mild anemia predominating in Shanghai. The incidence of anemia in Shigatse area was 41.32% (1 023/2 476), which was higher than that in Shanghai [14.35%(2 852/1 9 863)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05) .The incidence of mild anemia was 84.65% (866/1 023) in Shigatse and 94.81% (2 704/2 852) in Shanghai, with statistically significant difference ( P< 0.01). The incidence of moderate anemia in Shigatse was 14.08% (144/1 023) higher than that in Shanghai 5.05% (144/2 852), with statistically significant difference ( P<0.01). The incidence of severe anemia in Shigatse was 1.27% (13/1 023) higher than that in Shanghai 0.14% (4/2 852), with statistically significant difference ( P<0.01). Through the analysis of the questionnaires, being from pastoral areas, low educational level of mothers, poor nutrition during pregnancy, premature delivery, pure breastfeeding irregular maternity examinations and unreasonable supplementary food were related to nutritional anemia in ≤1 year-old babies. Conclusions:Nutritional iron deficiency anemia in the main type of anemia among children in both areas. Compared with Shanghai, the incidence of anemia of children in Tibet was higher, which may be caused by different feeding habits, cultural level and economic income between different regions. It is imperative to establish and improve the management of pregnant and lying-in women in Tibet, and provide scientific feeding and healthy lifestyle.

10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 97-100, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865450

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical study of different frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia.Methods The 70 elderly schizophrenics admitted to Kangning Hospital Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University from February 2018 to August 2019 were randomly divided into observation group (35 cases) and control group (35 cases).High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the observation group and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the control group.Both groups were treated for 4 weeks.The changes of clinical global impression (CGI),positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS),cognitive function rating scale for schizophrenia (SCoRS),scale of social-skills for psychiatric inpatients(SSPI) and serum sex hormone levels before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.Results After treatment,the CGI and PANSS scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment [observation group:(2.43 ± 0.37) scores vs.(5.61 ± 0.58) scores,(35.73 ± 6.57) scores vs.(79.95 ± 8.98) scores,t =27.346 and 23.512;control group:(3.37 ± 0.48) scores vs.(5.49 ± 0.62) scores,(40.91 ± 8.17) scores vs.(78.64 ± 9.63) scores,t =15.996 and 17.675,P < 0.05];after treatment,the CGI and PANSS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (t =9.176,2.923,P < 0.05).After treatment,the SCoRS scores of the two groups was lower than those before treatment (observation group:t =12.822,control group:t =7.402,P < 0.05);after treatment,the SCoRS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group [(27.92 ± 5.41) scores vs.(34.25 ± 6.17) scores] (t=4.564,P<0.05).The SSPI scores of the two groups increased after treatment (observation group:t=9.252;control group:t=3.671,P<0.05);after treatment,the SSPI scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group [(35.74 ± 3.27) scores vs.(30.85 ± 2.28) scores](t =7.257,P < 0.05).After treatment,the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (observation group:t =13.853,15.198;control group:t =10.075 and 9.225,P < 0.05);after treatment,the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (t=5.693 and 7.202,P<0.05).Conclusions High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia,and the improvement of sex hormone level is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation,and the improvement of cognitive and social functions is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 97-100, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799615

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical study of different frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia.@*Methods@#The 70 elderly schizophrenics admitted to Kangning Hospital Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University from February 2018 to August 2019 were randomly divided into observation group (35 cases) and control group (35 cases). High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the observation group and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation was used in the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The changes of clinical global impression (CGI), positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), cognitive function rating scale for schizophrenia (SCoRS), scale of social-skills for psychiatric inpatients(SSPI) and serum sex hormone levels before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#After treatment, the CGI and PANSS scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment [observation group:(2.43 ± 0.37) scores vs. (5.61 ± 0.58) scores, (35.73 ± 6.57) scores vs. (79.95 ± 8.98) scores, t=27.346 and 23.512; control group: (3.37 ± 0.48) scores vs. (5.49 ± 0.62) scores, (40.91 ± 8.17) scores vs. (78.64 ± 9.63) scores, t=15.996 and 17.675, P<0.05]; after treatment, the CGI and PANSS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (t=9.176, 2.923, P<0.05). After treatment, the SCoRS scores of the two groups was lower than those before treatment (observation group: t=12.822, control group: t=7.402, P<0.05); after treatment, the SCoRS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group [(27.92 ± 5.41) scores vs. (34.25 ± 6.17) scores] (t=4.564, P<0.05). The SSPI scores of the two groups increased after treatment (observation group: t=9.252; control group: t=3.671, P<0.05); after treatment, the SSPI scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group [(35.74 ± 3.27) scores vs. (30.85 ± 2.28) scores](t=7.257, P<0.05). After treatment, the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (observation group: t=13.853, 15.198; control group: t=10.075 and 9.225, P<0.05); after treatment, the serum testosterone and prolactin levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (t=5.693 and 7.202, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of senile schizophrenia, and the improvement of sex hormone level is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and the improvement of cognitive and social functions is superior to low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.

12.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 272-277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751704

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of apatinib in the treatment of advanced malignant tumors and to analyze the prognostic indicators affecting the survival of patients.Methods A total of 100 patients with advanced malignant tumors who were treated with apatinib at Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from February 2015 to July 2018 were enrolled and their data were analyzed retrospectively.The clinical efficacy was evaluated and the related adverse reactions were recorded.Single and multiple factor analyses were pefformed by Cox regression model.The predictive factors of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed.Results One-hundred patients with advanced malignant tumors who were treated with second-line and above treatment were collected.All patients were assessable for response,no complete response was observed,22 patients (22%) achieved partial remission,58 patients (58%) in stable disease,and 20 patients (20%) appeared progressive disease.The objective response rate was 22% (22/100),the disease control rate was 80% (80/100),the median PFS was 3.6 months (95% CI:2.7-4.5 months),and the median OS was 7.0 months (95% CI:4.7-9.3 months).Univariate analysis showed that Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score (HR =0.340,95% CI:0.211-0.546,P <0.001),tumor primary site (HR =1.757,95% CI:1.053-2.932,P =0.031),neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (HR =0.389,95% CI:0.227-0.666,P =0.001),hemoglobin (HR =1.696,95% CI:1.023-2.813,P =0.041) and proteinuria (HR =1.790,95% CI:1.105-3.155,P =0.044) were related to PFS;age (HR =2.082,95 % CI:1.320-3.285,P =0.002),ECOG score (HR =0.206,95% CI:0.123-0.344,P<0.001),tumor primary site (HR=1.784,95%CI:1.077-2.954,P=0.025),NLR (HR=0.410,95%CI:0.238-0.704,P =0.001),hemoglobin (HR =1.958,95% CI:1.175-3.264,P =0.010) and albumin (HR =0.467,95% CI:0.277-0.787,P =0.004) were related with OS.Multivariate analysis showed that PFS was related to ECOG score (HR =0.254,95% CI:0.123-0.523,P < 0.001) and NLR (HR =0.378,95%CI:0.161-0.888,P =0.026),and OS was related to ECOG score (HR =0.147,95% CI:0.067-0.326,P <0.001),NLR (HR =0.327,95% CI:0.140-0.765,P =0.010) and hemoglobin (HR =1.975,95% CI:1.101-3.543,P =0.022).In term of safety,the most common adverse events among 100 cases of treated patients with advanced malignant tumors were hypertension (53,53 %),anorexia (51,51%),fatigue (51,51%) and anemia (50,50%),among which the most common ones of grade 3 and 4 were hypertension (10,10%),thrombocytopenia (8,8%),leukopenia (7,7%) and hand-foot syndrome (6,6%).Conclusion Apatinib has certain clinical efficacy and manageable adverse events in the treatment of advanced malignant tumors at and above second-line treatment.ECOG score and NLR are independent predictors of PFS and OS in patients with advanced malignant tumors treated with apatinib.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 805-810, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Abnormally activated mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway has been reported in several model animals with inherited metabolic myopathies (IMMs). However, the profiles of mTOR pathway in skeletal muscles from patients are still unknown. This study aimed to analyze the activity of mTOR pathway in IMMs muscles.@*METHODS@#We collected muscle samples from 25 patients with mitochondrial myopathy (MM), lipid storage disease (LSD) or Pompe disease (PD). To evaluate the activity of mTOR pathway in muscle specimens, phosphorylation of S6 ribosomal protein (p-S6) and p70S6 kinase (p-p70S6K) were analyzed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Western blotting results showed that p-p70S6K/p70S6K in muscles from LSD and MM was up-regulated when compared with normal controls (NC) (NC vs. LSD, U = 2.000, P = 0.024; NC vs. MM: U = 6.000, P = 0.043). Likewise, p-S6/S6 was also up-regulated in muscles from all three subgroups of IMMs (NC vs. LSD, U = 0.000, P = 0.006; NC vs. PD, U = 0.000, P = 0.006; NC vs. MM, U = 1.000, P = 0.007). Immunohistochemical study revealed that p-S6 was mainly expressed in fibers with metabolic defect. In MM muscles, most p-S6 positive fibers showed cytochrome C oxidase (COX) deficiency (U = 5.000, P = 0.001). In LSD and PD muscles, p-S6 was mainly overexpressed in fibers with intramuscular vacuoles containing lipid droplets (U = 0.000, P = 0.002) or basophilic materials (U = 0.000, P = 0.002).@*CONCLUSION@#The mTOR pathway might be activated in myofibers with various metabolic defects, which might provide evidence for mTOR inhibition therapy in human IMMs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blotting, Western , Glycogen Storage Disease Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics , Metabolism , Mitochondrial Myopathies , Genetics , Metabolism , Muscular Diseases , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 191-197, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745736

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and T lymphocytes subsets in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.Methods A total of 48 hospitalized patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1/AIDS and CMV infections were recruited at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from Jan 2010 to Aug 2017.Their clinical features and immune function were retrospectively analyzed.Patients with only HIV/AIDS in previous study were recruited as controls,Results All 48 patients were at C3 stage,including 36 men and 12 women.Five of them were younger than 30 years old,33 cases within 31-50 years old,and 10 cases older than 50 years old.Thirty-five patients had CD4+T lymphocytes ≤ 50 cells/μl,7 cases with CD4+T cells 51-100/μl,3 cases with 101-200 cells/μl,and 3 cases over 200 cells/μl.As to CMV infections,there were 31 cases of CMV viremia,1 case of CMV encephalitis,1 case of CMV enteritis,5 cases of CMV pneumonia,and 9 cases of CMV retinitis.Other opportunistic infections were also common including 16 cases of pneumocystis pneumonia,9 cases of tuberculosis,5 cases of syphilis,18 cases of digestive tract fungal infections,8 cases of pulmonary fungal infections,2 cases of EB virus infections,2 cases of HIV encephalopathy/progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML),3 cases of cryptococcal meningitis,1 case of toxoplasma infection.In group of both CMV and HIV/AIDS infections,100% patients had inverted CD4+/CD8+ ratio.The immune activation marker CD8+CD38+/CD8+ was higher (61.6%-98.8%) with a median value of 91.2% in 40 patients.HLA-DR+ CD8+/CD8+,another marker for T cell activation,was 25.5%-98.0% in 44 patients with a median value of 60.3%.Thirty-six patients had both immune activation markers positive.There was no significant difference in counts of B cells,natural killer cells,CD4+ T cells,CD8+ T cells and immune activation subsets stratified by gender and age (P>0.05).Meanwhile,neither serum HIV viral load nor serum CMV viral load was correlated with HLA-DR+CD8+/CD8+,CD8+CD38+/CD8+,CD4+T cell counts,and CD4+/CD8+ ratio in the CMV and HIV/AIDS co-infection group(all P>0.05),while HIV viral load in HIV/AIDS only group was significantly correlated with HLA-DR+CD8+T/CD8+,CD38+CD8+/CD8+,CD4+ T cell counts,CD4+/CD8+ ratio (r=0.473,0.575,-0.767 and-0.678,respectively,all P<0.05).Conclusions CMV infections develop in HIV patients with advanced stage.CMV infection can cause life-threatening multiple organ lesions,especially in those with CD4+ T cells less than 100 cells/μl.It is of great importance to screen CMV-IgM,pp65 antigen,CMV DNA to make early diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 538-542, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the suitable process for prenatal screening and diagnosis for women with advanced maternal age.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to November 2017, the indications and distributions of prenatal diagnosis for women with advanced maternal age only or accompanying with positive maternal serum test screening and non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), abnormal fetal ultrasound, one harboring chromosomal abnormalities or anomalous reproductive history were analyzed. The rate of fetal chromosomal abnormalities was compared between different groups.@*RESULTS@#The 351 pregnant women with fetal chromosomal abnormalities have included 196 cases with advanced maternal age, 26 with positive maternal serum test, 96 with high-risk by NIPT, 14 with abnormal fetal ultrasound, 15 with one partner harboring chromosomal abnormalities, and 4 with anomalous reproductive history. Assuming that all pregnant women had undergone maternal serum test screening or NIPT without amniocentesis, the detection rate of fetal chromosome abnormality would be 51.0% and 69.2%, respectively. However, should these women have received both tests, the detection rate would be as high as 84.6%. Should those with one partner harboring chromosomal abnormalities undergone maternal serum test screening or NIPT without amniocentesis, the detection rate of fetal chromosomal abnormality would only be 6.7%.@*CONCLUSION@#Should pregnant women with advanced maternal age undergo both maternal serum test and NIPT, the detection rate of fetal chromosomal abnormality will be higher than those receiving only maternal serum test screening or NIPT. Couples with one partner harboring chromosomal abnormalities should undergo prenatal diagnosis by amniocentesis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amniocentesis , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders , Maternal Age , Prenatal Diagnosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 405-409, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects and results of temporary cardiac pacing in children with bradyarrhythmia.METHODS: The clinical data of 55 children with bradyarrhythmia who received temporary cardiac pacing between June2007 and May 2018 in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics and curative effects were summarized and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 55 cases of bradyarrhythmia included 29 cases of severe atrioventricular block(AVB),sinus bradycardia or cardiac arrest caused by myocarditis,5 cases of Ⅲ°AVB or sick sinus syndrome caused by cardiomyopathy,6 cases of Ⅲ°AVB caused by congenital heart disease after surgery,5 cases of congenital Ⅲ°AVB,and 10 cases of perioperative temporary pacing Ⅲ°AVB.Among them,39 cases were compared in Adams-Stokes syndrome(P=0.003),34 cases were compared in ejection fraction and fractional shortening(P=0.000,P=0.001),and 26 patients were compared in left ventricular end diastolic diameter(P=0.001)before and after temporary pacing,and there were statistically differences. After treatment,18 cases were clinically cured,36 cases were improved,and 1 case died,among which 45% arrhythmia were improved or recovered,and 10 cases of perioperative children all passed through the anesthesia period. Kruskal-Wallis H(K)test showed that the clinical and arrhythmia prognosis of different basic cardiovascular diseases were not completely the same(P=0.001,P=0.000);Mann-Whitney U test indicated a better prognosis in the myocarditis group(P=0.001,P=0.000).CONCLUSION: Temporary cardiac pacing can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms of severe bradyarrhythmia caused by various etiologies,promote the recovery of acute conduction system injury,and reduce Ⅲ°AVB perioperative risk.Temporary cardiac pacing is a safe and effective prevention and first-aid technique.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 357-362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817860

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM)is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy without ventricular enlargement,which is one of the main causes of athletic sudden death in adolescents. Early detection of symptoms and timely diagnosis and treatment are of great value in preventing athletic sudden death and improving the prognosis. The diagnosis of HCM is based on medical history,physical examination and echocardiography,as well as family history and genetic testing in recent years. In recent years,cardiac magnetic resonance(CMR)and CT examination have become more and more important in the diagnosis of HCM. The aim of the article is to explore the characteristics of CMR and CT in the diagnosis of HCM.

18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2634-2638, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803198

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the risk factors associated with depression in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with erectile dysfunction (DMED).@*Methods@#A total of 60 male DMED patients in Kangning Hospital Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University were enrolled.They were divided into group A (DMED with depression, 40 cases) and group B (DMED without depression, 20 cases) according to the results of self-rating depression scale (SDS). The comorbidity rate of DMED and depression was calculated.Baseline index, blood glucose control index, sex hormone index and blood lipid biochemical index were compared between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was used to judge the correlation between SDS scale scores and the indicators.Finally, these indicators were substituted into logistic regression analysis to find out the factors that may cause the comorbidity of DMED and depression.@*Results@#The age of the patients in group A was older than that in group B[(55.95±6.33)years vs.(44.15±5.08)years, t=7.242, P=0.000], the course of T2DM in group A was longer than that in group B [(10.28±0.94)years vs.(4.38±0.60)years, t=29.467, P=0.000]. The fast plasma glucose (FPG)[(10.24±1.55)mmol/L vs.(8.22±1.15)mmol/L, t=5.153, P=0.000], fasting insulin (FIns) [(21.34±2.58)mU/L vs.(17.35±2.13)mU/L, t=5.967, P=0.000] and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) [(8.75±1.05)% vs.(6.55±0.84)%, t=8.146, P=0.000] in group A were higher than those in group B. Testosterone (TT) level in group A was lower than that in group B [(1.89±0.24)ng/mL vs.(2.46±0.31)ng/mL, t=-7.855, P=0.000]. The luteinizing hormone (LH) [(12.95±1.14)U/L vs.(8.53±0.70)U/L, t=18.515, P=0.000] and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) [(19.55±1.83)U/L vs.(15.40±1.47)U/L, t=8.808, P=0.000] in group A were higher than those in group B. Pearson analysis showed that the SDS scale score was positively correlated with age, T2DM duration, FPG, Fins, HbAlc, LH, FSH (r=0.310, 0.503, 0.465, 0.583, 0.676, 0.355, 0.540, P=0.002, 0.008, 0.017, 0.022, 0.030, 0.026, 0.011), and negatively correlated with TT level (r=-0.713, P=0.028). Logistic regression analysis showed that the age, the course of T2DM and TT were the independent risk factors which caused the comorbidity of DMED and depression.@*Conclusion@#In male T2DM patients, the independent risk factors for DMED with depression are age, long duration, and low TT level.

19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1259-1264, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution and related factors of birth weight of live births and full-term infants in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.@*Methods@#Based on Guangxi women and children information system from 2016 to 2018, a large real-time database about maternal and live-birth information was established. It covered 1 712 midwifery institutions in Guangxi. A total of 2 394 240 cases of live births were collected and 2 243 129 cases of which were full-term infants. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors of low birth weight.@*Results@#The birth weight of 2 394 240 live births, (3 123.49±461.08) g, in Guangxi was approximately normal distribution with a peak distribution to the left. The incidence of low birth weight was 8.05%, and the incidence of macrosomia was 2.07%. The incidence of low birth weight was 10.92% for the puerpera with body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) <18.5, 16.82% for the puerpera with height <145 cm, 8.92% for the puerpera with age <20 years old, 7.67% for the puerpera with age ≥35 years old, and 54.65% for the puerpera with premature birth. The birth weight of 2 243 129 full-term infants, (3 176.01±400.78) g, was approximately normal distribution with a peak distribution to the right. The incidence of low birth weight was 2.97%, and the incidence of macrosomia was 2.19%. The incidence of low birth weight was 4.73% for puerpera with BMI<18.5, 8.17% for puerpera with height<145 cm, 4.83% for puerpera with age <20 years old, and 3.05% for puerpera with age ≥35 years old. The risks of low birth weight [OR (95%CI) value] of pregnant women aged <20, 25-29 and 30-34 years old were 1.31 (1.28-1.35), 0.88 (0.86-0.90) and 0.89 (0.87-0.91) times of those aged ≥35 years old. The risks of low birth weight [OR (95%CI) value] of pregnancy BMI <18.5 and 18.5-23.9 kg/m2 group were 1.98 (1.94-2.03) and 1.20 (1.18-1.23) times of those pregnancy BMI ≥24 kg/m2. The risks of low birth weight [OR (95%CI) value] of pregnant women′s height (cm)<145, 145-154, 155-159 and 160-164 cm were 4.67 (4.39-4.97), 2.36 (2.29-2.44), 1.58 (1.53-1.63) and 1.22 (1.18-1.26) times of those heights ≥165 cm group. The risks of low birth weight [OR (95%CI) value] of pregnant women′s gestational age <28, 28-31 and 32-36 years old were 136.65 (124.33-150.20), 1 704.37 (1 509.02-1 925.02) and 33.45 (32.98-33.94) times of those gestational age ≥37 years old.@*Conclusion@#The incidence of low birth weight of live births was higher in Guangxi from 2016 to 2018. There is a higher risk of low birth weight for younger, older, low height, low BMI and preterm women in Guangxi from 2016 to 2018.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1554-1559, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800270

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Tracking the information on 1.69 million fetal cases across Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Guangxi) so as to study the occurrences of total and major birth defects in order to evaluate the ability on related prevention and control programs in Guangxi.@*Methods@#Using the self-developed "Gui Women’s System" to establish a database of 1.69 million fetal cases in Guangxi and to analyze the distribution of time, space and population, as well as the outcomes of pregnancy, using the big data.@*Results@#During the 29 months of observation, the overall live birth rate was 99.25%, with stillbirth rate during pregnancy as 0.44%, stillbirth rate during birth as 0.02%, and the 0-6 days mortality rate as 0.14%. The total detection rate on birth defects was 197.63/10 000; the incidence rate was 103.04/10 000, the birth rate was 102.55/10 000. The overall discovery rate of major birth defects was 48.33/10 000, with the incidence rate as 783 000, the birth rate as 0.58/10 000. The discovery rates of major birth defects in 14 cities were between 35 and 68/10 000, and the birth rate dropped significantly to less than 1.00 in 10 000. Nationalities showed that the number of pregnant women with birth defects more than 50 000 would include Hui (9.68/10 000), Yao (9.57/10 000), and Jing (9.37/10 000). With the increasing age of gestation, number of birth defects, incidence of major birth defects also increased. Ninety-five percent of the major birth defects were found within <28 weeks and with the top 5 kinds of major birth defects as complicated congenital heart disease (9.11/10 000), alpha thalassemia (8.36/10 000), and 21-trisomy syndrome (7.85/10 000), beta thalassemia (5.32/10 000) and fetal edema syndrome (4.92/10 000). The top 5 major birth defects appeared as complicated congenital heart disease (9.11/10 000), alpha thalassemia (8.36/10 000), and 21-trisomy syndrome (7.85/10 000), beta thalassemia (5.32/10 000) and fetal edema syndrome (4.92/10 000).@*Conclusion@#Programs leading to increase the rate on discovery of major birth defects were fundamental in effectively reducing the major birth defects.

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