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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5592-5602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008756

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of Yunkang Oral Solution on the improvement of spleen deficiency and pregnancy outcomes in pregnant mice with spleen deficiency syndrome induced by irregular diet and over consumption of cold and bitter foods. To simulate human irregular diet and over consumption of cold and bitter foods leading to spleen deficiency, the pregnant mice with spleen deficiency syndrome were prepared using an alternate-day fasting and high-fat diet combined with oral administration of Sennae Folium. During the experiment, spleen deficiency-related indicators and diarrhea-related parameters were measured. Gastric and intestinal motility(gastric emptying rate and intestinal propulsion rate) were evaluated. The levels of serum ghrelin, growth hormone(GH), gastrin(Gas), total cholesterol(TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), chorionic gonadotropin β(β-CG), progesterone(P), and estradiol(E_2) were measured. Intestinal barrier function in pregnant mice with spleen deficiency syndrome was assessed. Conception rate, ovarian coefficient, litter-bearing uterine coefficient, number of live fetuses, average fetal weight, and fetal length were calculated. The results showed that Yunkang Oral Solution significantly improved spleen deficiency-related indicators and diarrhea in pregnant mice with spleen deficiency syndrome, increased gastric emptying rate and intestinal propulsion rate, elevated the levels of gastrointestinal hormones(ghrelin, GH, and Gas) in the serum, and reduced lipid levels(TC and LDL-c), thereby improving lipid metabolism disorders. It also improved colonic tissue morphology, increased the number of goblet cells, and promoted the mRNA and protein expression of occludin and claudin-1 in colonic tissues, thereby alleviating intestinal barrier damage. Yunkang Oral Solution also regulated the levels of pregnancy hormones(β-CG, P, and E_2) in the serum of pregnant mice with spleen deficiency syndrome. Moreover, it increased the conception rate, ovarian coefficient, litter-bearing uterine coefficient, number of live fetuses, average fetal weight, and fetal length. These findings suggest that Yunkang Oral Solution can improve spleen deficiency-related symptoms in pregnant mice before and during pregnancy, regulate pregnancy-related hormones, and improve pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Mice , Humans , Animals , Spleen , Ghrelin , Fetal Weight , Cholesterol, LDL , Diarrhea
2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 267-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the prognosis of late-onset depression(LOD)in the elderly and lncRNA expression levels and coping styles.Methods:Differential expression of lncRNAs in peripheral blood of LOD 92 patients was detected by a real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR)detection system, and the Hamilton Depression Scale(HAMD)and the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire(TCSQ)were used for psychological assessment.Results:Compared with the control group, the expression levels of TCONS_00019174(7.55 vs.4.36), ENST00000566208(6.48 vs.3.26), ENST00000517573(8.33 vs.5.32)and NONHSAT142707(6.78 vs.3.26)in elderly patients of the LOD group were significantly down-regulated( Z=5.09, 5.87, 4.35, 6.44, P<0.05); Compared with the low-expression subgroup, scores of anxiety/somatization[(3.83±1.40) vs.(6.39±2.35)], diurnal variation[(0.22±0.42) vs.(0.83±0.94)], retardation[(5.74±0.96) vs.(6.48±1.28)], hopelessness[(2.78±0.67) vs.(4.52±1.56)]and HAMD[(20.39±1.75) vs.(26.83±4.88)]in the high-expression subgroup were significantly lower( t=-4.50, -2.84, -2.22, -4.90, -5.96, P<0.05). The ΔCT value of TCONS_00019174 was negatively correlated with the reduction rates of anxiety/somatization, diurnal variation, retardation, sleep disturbance, hopelessness and HAMD( r=-0.40-0.66, P<0.05). The ΔCT value of ENST00000566208 was negatively correlated with the reduction rates of anxiety/somatization, sleep disturbance, hopelessness and HAMD( r=-0.47-0.62, P<0.01). The ΔCT values of ENST00000517573, NONHSAT034045 and NONHSAT142707 were negatively correlated with the reduction rates of retardation, sleep disturbance, hopelessness and HAMD( r=-0.39-0.76, P<0.05). The positive coping style was positively correlated with the reduction rates of HAMD, anxiety/somatization, retardation, sleep disturbance and hopelessness( r=0.38-0.55), while the negative coping style was negatively correlated with the reduction rates of HAMD, anxiety/somatization, sleep disturbance and hopelessness( r=-0.39-0.67, P<0.05). When TCONS_00019174, ENST00000566208, NONHSAT034045, NONHSAT142707, positive coping and negative coping were taken into the regression equation as variables for HAMD reduction, it was found that they were able to explain 32.4% of the variance for the reduction rate of the total HAMD score( t=-8.713, -3.584, -3.864, -2.257, 5.675, -2.357, P<0.05). Conclusions:TCONS_00019174, ENST00000566208, NONHSAT034045, NONHSAT142707, positive coping style and negative coping style are predictors of the prognosis of LOD in the elderly.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 57-63, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940420

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Guiqi Baizhu prescription (GQBZ) combined with oxaliplatin on the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) and angiogenesis in gastric cancer-bearing mice. MethodThe tumor-bearing model of gastric cancer was induced in Kunming mice. The mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, oxaliplatin group (10 mg·kg-1), and high- (17.68 g·kg-1), medium- (8.84 g·kg-1), and low-dose (4.42 g·kg-1) combination groups (GQBZ combined with oxaliplatin). After the last administration, the transplanted tumor was collected and the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of tumor tissues. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum content of epidermal growth factor (EGF), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to detect the expression of EGFR, phosphorylated EGFR (p-EGFR), VEGFR2, phosphorylated VEGFR2 (p-VEGFR2), and platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31). Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of EGFR and VEGFR2. ResultThe tumor weight in the drug intervention groups was significantly lower than that in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the oxaliplatin group, the high- and medium-dose combination groups showed reduced tumor weight (P<0.05, P<0.01). The tumor cells in the model groups were high in cell density and regular in shape, and no clear tissue necrosis was seen. The tumor cell density in the drug intervention groups was reduced, and clear tissue necrosis and large-scale inflammatory cells were visible. Compared with the blank group, the model group and the drug intervention groups showed increased serum levels of EGF, VEGF, and IL-8 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the drug intervention groups showed decreased serum levels of EGF, VEGF, and IL-8 (P<0.01), reduced protein expression of EGFR, p-EGFR, VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, and CD31, and declining mRNA expression of EGFR and VEGFR (P<0.01). Compared with the oxaliplatin group, the high- and medium-dose combination groups showed decreased serum levels of EGF, VEGF, and IL-8 (P<0.05, P<0.01), reduced protein expression of EGFR, p-EGFR, VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, and CD31, and dwindled mRNA expression of EGFR and VEGFR2 (P<0.05, P<0.01). The low-dose combination group showed decreased serum levels of EGF, VEGF, and IL-8, reduced protein expression of EGFR, p-EGFR, VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, and CD31, and dwindled mRNA expression of EGFR and VEGFR2, but the difference was not statistically significant. ConclusionGQBZ combined with oxaliplatin can inhibit the growth and angiogenesis of tumor tissues in gastric cancer-bearing mice by affecting the expression of EGFR and VEGFR2.

4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 474-478, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935311

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the course of disease and epidemiological parameters of COVID-19 and provide evidence for making prevention and control strategies. Methods: To display the distribution of course of disease of the infectors who had close contacts with COVID-19 cases from January 1 to March 15, 2020 in Guangdong Provincial, the models of Lognormal, Weibull and gamma distribution were applied. A descriptive analysis was conducted on the basic characteristics and epidemiological parameters of course of disease. Results: In total, 515 of 11 580 close contacts were infected, with an attack rate about 4.4%, including 449 confirmed cases and 66 asymptomatic cases. Lognormal distribution was fitting best for latent period, incubation period, pre-symptomatic infection period of confirmed cases and infection period of asymptomatic cases; Gamma distribution was fitting best for infectious period and clinical symptom period of confirmed cases; Weibull distribution was fitting best for latent period of asymptomatic cases. The latent period, incubation period, pre-symptomatic infection period, infectious period and clinical symptoms period of confirmed cases were 4.50 (95%CI:3.86-5.13) days, 5.12 (95%CI:4.63-5.62) days, 0.87 (95%CI:0.67-1.07) days, 11.89 (95%CI:9.81-13.98) days and 22.00 (95%CI:21.24-22.77) days, respectively. The latent period and infectious period of asymptomatic cases were 8.88 (95%CI:6.89-10.86) days and 6.18 (95%CI:1.89-10.47) days, respectively. Conclusion: The estimated course of COVID-19 and related epidemiological parameters are similar to the existing data.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Contact Tracing , Incidence , Prospective Studies
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2134-2147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928153

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was employed to characterize and classify the chemical components of the standard decoction of Yiguanjian, a classical famous recipe. Chromatographic separation was performed on an Acquity HSS T3(2.1 mm ×100 mm, 1.8 μm) column with a mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid water-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile using gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 40 ℃. Mass spectrometry was performed on electrospray ionization source(ESI) with positive and negative ion scanning modes. The potential compounds were identified by comparing the reference compounds, analyzing the mass spectrometry data and matching the published articles on Masslynx 4.1 software and SciFinder database. Finally, a total of 113 compounds, including 11 amino acids, 19 terpenoids, 13 phthalides, 11 steroidal saponins, 10 coumarins, 9 alkaloids, 7 flavonoids, 8 phenylethanoid glycosides, 8 organic acids and 17 other categories were identified. The established method systematically and accurately characterized the chemical components in Yiguanjian, which could provide experimental evidences for the subsequent studies on the pharmacodynamical material basis and quality control of Yiguanjian.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flavonoids/analysis , Formates , Glycosides/analysis , Prescriptions
6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 937-942, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004146

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To learn the production efficient of platelet components among prefecture-level blood stations in China, to provide supporting data for those blood stations to optimize the production mode of platelet components and continuously improve production efficiency and supply capacity. 【Methods】 The data from 2017 to 2020 was obtained from 24 prefecture-level blood stations who were the members of the practice comparison network for blood institutes in China. The collection units of apheresis platelets, the number of dual-collections of apheresis platelets and plasma, the average apheresis units of one platelet apheresis procedure, the discarded rate of apheresis platelets, the amount of expired apheresis platelets and the amount of apheresis platelets issued were collected. For concentrated platelets, the prepared amount of platelet concentrates and the amount of expired platelet concentrates were collected; both the quantity of qualified and issued concentrated platelets were submitted for statistical analysis.The total output and efficiency of platelet components were calculated based on the collected data. 【Results】 The average annual growth rate of apheresis platelets collection in 24 prefecture-level blood stations was 12.23%, accounting for 99.80% of the total platelet output; the average collection unit of one platelets apheresis procedure was 1.75; from 2019 to 2020, only 5 blood stations performed dual-collection of platelet and plasma during one apheresis procedure; the discarded rate of apheresis platelets was 0.28%, of which 0.007% was due to expiration. A total of 1 621.2 therapeutic units of concentrated platelets were prepared, and 13.03% of them was discarded due to the expiration. The production efficiency of platelet components was 97.56%, of which the production efficiency of apheresis platelets was 97.61% and the production efficiency of concentrated platelets was 74.43%. 【Conclusion】 There are large regional differences in the supply capacity of platelet components in prefecture-level blood stations. Apheresis platelets are the main resource of platelet components product, and the collection capacity is increasing over the years with the characteristics of high production efficiency and low expiration scrapping rate. However, the preparation of concentrated platelets are still limited with relatively low production and high expiration discarded rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 656-662, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the gene mutation and clinical phenotype of patients with cone and rod dystrophy (CORD).Methods:A pedigree investigarion. Two CORD pedigrees including 2 patients and 6 family members were enrolled in Ningxia Eye Hospital of People' Hospital of Ningxia Hui Automous Region for this study. The patients were from 2 unrelated families, all of whom were probands. Take medical history with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), color vision, slit lamp microscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus color photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), autofluorescence (AF), fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA), electroretinogram (ERG). The peripheral venous blood of patients and their parents was collected, whole genome DNA was extracted, Trio whole genome exome sequencing was performed, Sanger verification and pedigree co-segregation were performed for suspected pathogenic mutation sites. According to the law of inheritance, family history was analyzed to establish its genetic type. Mutational loci pathogenicity was analyzed according to the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) guidelines and 4 online tools.Results:Two CORD families showed autosomal recessive inheritance. The proband of pedigree 1 was female, 49 years old. Binocular vision loss with photophobia lasted for 9 years and night blindness for 4 years. The BCVA of right eye and left eye were 0.03 and 0.06, respectively. The results of ERG showed that the amplitudes of dark adaptation 0.01 b-wave and dark adaptation 3.0 a-wave and b-wave in both eyes were slightly decreased, and the amplitudes of light adaptation 3.0 a-wave and b-wave were severely decreased. The proband of pedigree 2 was male, 30 years old. Vision loss in both eyes for 4 years. Denying a history of night blindness. The BCVA of right eye and left eye were 0.3 and 0.2, respectively. The results of ERG showed that the amplitudes of dark adaptation 0.01 b-wave and dark adaptation 3.0 a-wave and b-wave in both eyes were slightly decreased, and the amplitudes of light adaptation 3.0 a-wave and b-wave were severely decreased. The color of optic disc in both eyes was light red, the macular area was atrophic, the foveal reflection disappeared, and the peripheral retina was punctate pigmentation. The main fundus changes in 2 patients were macular atrophy. The proband of pedigree 1 carried compound heterozygous variations c.439-2A>G (M1) and c.676delT (p.F226fs) (M2) on CDHR1 gene. Her father and mother carried M2 and M1 heterozygous mutations, respectively. The proband of pedigree 2 carried compound heterozygous variations c.2665dupC (p.L889fs) (M3) and c.878T>C (p.L293P) (M4) on C2orf71 gene. His father and mother carried M4 and M3 heterozygous mutations, respectively. According to ACMG guidelines and on line tools, 4 variations were considered as pathogenic level. Conclusions:M1 and M2 of CDHR1 gene and M3 and M4 of C2orf71 gene are new pathogenic mutations of CORD. All patients presented with the clinical phenotype of decreased visual acuity and macular atrophy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931911

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish neurodevelopmental mice model of schizophrenia(SZ) with prepulse inhibition(PPI) deficits and investigate the effectiveness of olanzapine on PPI disruption.Methods:On the 9th day of pregnancy of SPF grade C57BL/6 mice, female mice were injected with polyinosinic acid poly (I∶C) (6 mg/kg) through tail vein for immune stimulation. The stress model was constructed by chronic unpredictable mild stress 30-40 d after birth (PND30-40). The offspring mice were divided into pregnancy immune stimulation + adolescent stress group (P + S + group), pregnancy immune stimulation group (P + S- group), adolescent stress group (P-S+ group) and non stimulation group (P-S-group), with 18 mice in each group. The mice in P+ S+ group were divided into OLZ intervention group (OLZ group) and non-OLZ intervention group (non-OLZ group), with 9 mice in each group. The PPI function of mice was detected by acoustic startle reflex test after modeling and OLZ intervention. Adopt StatView Version 5.0 software for data analysis, and multi factors analysis of variance was used to test the main effect, interactive effect and simple effect of each factor.Results:The main effects of maternal Poly(I: C) immune activation and pubertal chronic unpredictable stress were significant( F(1, 330)=47.72, P<0.01), and there was a significant interaction between the two factors( F(1, 330)=14.80, P<0.01), simple effect analysis showed that average percent prepulse inhibition (PPI%) in P+ S+ group((15.42±6.13)%) was significantly decreased compared with groups of P+ S-((27.33±4.58)%), P-S+ ((31.17±3.97)%) and P-S-((47.14±12.28)%)(all P<0.01). There was significant gender difference in Prepulse inhibition(PPI)score( F(1, 396)=61.94, P<0.01), in male and female mice, average startle reactivity of Pulse under Prepulse+ Pulse influence of distinct intensities was significantly different( F(1, 198)=18.68, 18.44, P<0.01), and the maternal Poly(I∶C) immune activation had a significant main effect( F(1, 198)=32.18, 12.58, P<0.01) and interaction with pubertal chronic unpredictable stress( F(1, 198)=34.54, 11.39, P<0.01), simple effect analysis suggested that the average startle reactivity of Prepulse+ Pulse in P+ S+ group(0.47±0.12) was significantly higher than other three groups(P+ S-: 0.36±0.11, P-S+ : (0.25±0.22), P-S-: (0.31±0.19)) in male mice( P<0.01) and in P-S+ group was significantly higher than the other three groups in female mice ( P<0.01). OLZ treatment could efficiently reverse the deficits on PPI by increasing PPI%( F(1, 165)=18.24, P<0.01), OLZ could reduce PPI score in male "dual-hit" model mice( F(1, 102)=21.81, P<0.01)and raise it in female( F(1, 102)=4.88, P<0.05). Conclusion:OLZ can reverse PPI deficits in schizophrenic neurodevelopmental model mice, and in the evaluation of PPI function in the model mice through PPI of acoustic startle reflex, PPI% has better stability and reactivity to OLZ intervention.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 576-582, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911885

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of peritoneal protein clearance (Pcl) for cardiovascular events and cardiovascular mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:Eligible PD patients were prospectively enrolled from January 2014 to April 2015 in the PD Center of Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. All patients were followed up until death, withdrawing from PD, transferring to other centers, or the end of study period (October 1, 2018). The patients were divided into high Pcl group and low Pcl group by the median Pcl, and the differences of related indicators between the two groups were compared. A multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of Pcl. The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the cumulative survival rates of patients between the two groups. A multivariate Cox regression model was used to estimate the risk of cardiovascular events and cardiovascular mortality in relation to Pcl in PD patients.Results:A total of 271 patients were enrolled, with 135 males (49.8%), age of (56.92±0.84) years old and a median PD duration of 38.77(19.00, 63.10) months. There were 70 patients (25.8%) comorbiding with diabetes and 81 patients (29.9%) with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The median Pcl of this cohort was 67.93(52.31, 88.36) ml/d. Compared with the low Pcl group (Pcl<67.93 ml/d), the high Pcl group (Pcl≥67.93 ml/d) had older age, and greater proportion of CVD, body mass index (BMI), pulse pressure, brain natriuretic peptide, mass transfer area coefficient of creatinine (MTACcr), and lower serum albumin (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in gender, dialysis duration, proportion of diabetes, proportion of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker, proportion of continuous ambulatory PD, high sensitivity C reactive protein, fluid removal including 24 h urine volume and 24 h ultrafiltration, and residual renal function between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that serum albumin ( β=-0.388, P<0.001), BMI ( β=0.189, P<0.001), and MTACcr ( β=0.247, P<0.001) were independently related to lg(Pcl). During the study period, 55 patients experienced one or more cardiovascular events and 39 patients had cardiovascular mortality. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, cardiovascular mortality in the high Pcl group was higher than that of low Pcl group (Log-rank χ2=6.902, P=0.009). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that, high lg(Pcl) was an independent influencing factor of cardiovascular events in PD patients ( HR=7.654, 95% CI 1.676-34.945, P=0.009). Conclusions:Serum albumin, BMI and MTACcr are independently associated with Pcl, and Pcl is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events in PD patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1005-1010, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of expression level of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), chronic stress in childhood on cognitive function for providing scientific basis of prevention, intervention and rehabilitation of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia patients.Methods:Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) was used to screen lncRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 100 schizophrenic patients who was recruited by convenient sampling, and all the patients were assessed by Montreal cognitive assessment-Beijing version (MoCA) and childhood chronic stress questionnaire (CCSQ). Mann-Whitney test, t-test, correlation analysis and regression analysis were employed for data processing. Results:The ΔCt values of NONHSAT089447(5.07), NONHSAT041499(8.56) were higher ( Z=-2.38, -2.07, P<0.05) and scores of all three CCSQ dimensions were lower in higher MoCA goup than those in lower MOCA group (peer bullying: 42.36±11.13 vs 50.84±9.09, abuse and neglect: 55.08±14.22 vs 69.56±13.45, adverse life events: 47.64±12.21 vs 55.80±13.92, t=-2.20--3.70, P<0.05 or 0.01). The ΔCt value of NONHSAT089447, NONHSAT041499 positively correlated with scores of visuospatial-executive, language, abstraction and delayed recall ( r=0.43-0.75, P<0.01). All three CCSQ dimensions negatively correlated with scores of visuospatial-executive, attention, language, abstract thinking and delayed recall ( r=-0.40--0.62, P<0.05 or 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that the ΔCt valueof NONHSAT089447, abuse and neglect in childhood significantly predicted the total score of MOCA, which could explained 31.9% of variation ( t=4.31, 5.89, P=0.007, 0.001). The ΔCt value of NONHSAT089447, NONHSAT041499 negatively correlated with peer bullying, abuse and neglect in childhood ( r=-0.39--0.53, all P<0.01). Conclusion:There are correlation in NONHSAT089447, NONHSAT041499 and chronic stress in childhood in patients with schizophrenia, which can jointly predict their cognitive function.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1485-1488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931314

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of scenario simulation combined with case-based learning (CBL) teaching method on the operation skills, learning initiative and family satisfaction of pediatric nursing students.Methods:In the study, 51 nursing students who interned in Bengbu First People's Hospital from March to November in 2019 were selected as the control group, having the traditional teaching method; another 51 nursing students interned from March to November in 2020 were selected as the research group, taking the scenario simulation combined with CBL teaching method. The theoretical knowledge and operation skills of the two groups of nursing students were assessed, the learning initiative and various abilities were evaluated by using the relevant scales, and the nursing students' satisfaction with teaching was investigated. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The theoretical knowledge and operation skill scores of nursing students in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The scores of each dimension and total score of learning initiative of nursing students in the study group were higher than those in the control group [(68.71±9.03) vs. (50.21±9.86)], including integrating theory with practice [(8.06±1.13) vs. (6.12±1.54)], learning ability practice [(8.15±1.18) vs. (6.53±1.37)], interpersonal communication ability [(8.13±1.07) vs. (6.28±1.39)], clinical thinking ability practice [(8.04±1.26) vs. (5.97±1.42)], ability to analyze and solve problems [(8.46±0.97) vs. (6.51±1.25)]. The scores of various abilities and overall satisfaction with teaching in the research group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The implementation of scenario simulation combined with CBL teaching method for pediatric nursing students can improve their scores of theoretical knowledge and operational skills, enhance their learning initiative and abilities, and improve their satisfaction with teaching.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1805-1814, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827921

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously found that the intestinal epithelial chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 7 (CCL7) plays an important role in the development of toxin-induced acute liver damage. The detailed effects of intestinal epithelial CCL7 on chronic diseases; however, are still unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the impact of intestinal epithelial CCL7 overexpression on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and steatohepatitis in mice.@*METHODS@#Intestinal epithelial CCL7 overexpression (CCL7) mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates were fed with normal chow or HFD for 16 weeks to induce obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Body weight gain, as well as adipose tissue index were assessed. Liver injury was monitored by histological analysis and real time polymerase chain reaction. Gut microbial composition was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing.@*RESULTS@#We found that the CCL7 mice on a HFD had markedly decreased weight gain (8.9 vs. 17.0 g, P < 0.05) and a lower adipose tissue index that include mesenteric fat (1.0% vs. 1.76%, P < 0.05), gonadal fat (2.1% vs. 6.1%, P < 0.05), subcutaneous fat (1.0% vs. 2.8%, P < 0.05) compared to WT animals. HFD-induced glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were also significantly improved in CCL7 mice compared to WT. Furthermore, HFD-fed CCL7 mice displayed less hepatic lipid accumulation and lower expression of inflammatory factors than WT mice. 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that CCL7 overexpression in intestinal epithelial cells improved HFD-induced gut microbial dysbiosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study revealed that CCL7 overexpression in the intestinal epithelium protects mice against the progression of diet-induced obesity, hepatic steatosis, and enteric dysbiosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 815-818, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871223

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of visual feedback training on the knee function and balance of postoperative knee fracture patients.Methods:A total of 64 patients were randomly divided into a control group and a visual feedback group, each of 32. Both groups were given routine rehabilitation, while the visual feedback group was additionally provided with visual feedback training from the 3rd to the 8th week after the operation. Before and after 2, 4 and 8 weeks of the intervention, both groups were evaluated using Lysholm scoring, the Tinetti gait test and the Technobody balance device.Results:There was no difference between the two groups in terms of their average Lysholm, Tinetti or Technobody results before the intervention or after 2 weeks of treatment. Both groups had improved significantly after 8 weeks, but the visual feedback group′s average Lysholm, Tinetti and Technobody results were then significantly better than those of the control group. Indeed, the control group′s average Technobody result was no better than before the treatment.Conclusions:Visual feedback training could be useful in treating those in need of rehabilitation after a knee fracture operation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 209-214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of tumor hemodynamics and morphological features from conventional dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) scan before surgery in predicting postoperative recurrence time in breast cancer patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 58 patients with breast cancer who had recurred after operation from November 2012 to December 2014 in Liaoning Cancer Hospital was performed. According to the recurrence time, the patients were divided into early recurrence group (≤2 years after surgery, 33 cases) and late recurrence group (>2 years after surgery, 25 cases). All patients underwent routine DCE-MRI scans before surgery, and hemodynamic features of the three-dimensional volume of the tumor and the morphological and textural features of the tumor in each phase were extracted by computer. The counts and measurement data of patients in early recurrence group and late recurrence group were compared by Fisher′s exact probability method and Mann-Whitney U test, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn. The multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate the combined efficacy in predicting early recurrence and late recurrence. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival prognosis, and Log-Rank test was used to compare the differences in survival curves between groups. Results:There was no significant difference in background parenchymal enhancement, lesion margin, lesion internal enhancement characteristics, lesion morphology, time-signal intensity curve type and the degree of whole-breast vascularity increase between early recurrence and late recurrence groups ( P>0.05).There were significant differences in the maximum concentration of contrast (Max Conc), the area under the time signal curve (AUC) and the maximum slope value of the time signal curve (Max Slope) ( P<0.05). Comparative analysis of the radiomics parameters of 8 phases DCE-MRI found that the sphericity of morphological characteristic parameters in the phase 3 was statistically different between the early recurrence and late recurrence groups ( P=0.03). Area under the ROC curve of AUC, Max Conc, Max Slope and parameter sphericity of phase 3 morphological characteristics for predicting early and late recurrence were 0.664, 0.659, 0.684 and 0.670, respectively. The area under the ROC combined with the above four parameters for prediction was 0.765, with a specificity of 63.6% and a sensitivity of 84.0%; the predictive efficacy was higher than that of univariate. Fifty-eight patients were followed up for 17 to 64 months with a median follow-up of 47 months. The disease-free survival and overall survival in the early recurrence group were significantly lower than those in the late recurrence group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:It is of certain value to predict the postoperative recurrence time of breast cancer based on the tumor hemodynamic characteristics combined with morphological characteristics from preoperative non-invasive conventional DCE-MRI.

15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 492-499, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the associations of different monitoring metrics for short-term exposure to ambient ozone (O3) with pulmonary function and airway inflammation in healthy young adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 97 healthy young college students were recruited and followed in a panel study conducted from December 2017 to June 2018. Each participant underwent 3 follow-up visits, and lung function and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were measured at each visit. Ambient air pollutant concentrations were obtained from the environment monitoring station of Beijing closest to the participant residences, and meteorological data were collected from China Meteorological Data Service Center. Linear mixed-effect models were applied to assess the associations between different monitoring metrics for ambient O3 short-term exposure with pulmonary function or airway inflammation in the healthy young adults.@*RESULTS@#During the study period, the P50 (P25, P75) values for ambient O3 concentration expressed as daily 1-hour maximum (O3-1 h max), daily maximum 8-hour average (O3-8 h max) and 24-hour average (O3-24 h avg) were 102.5 (76.8, 163.0) μg/m3, 91.1 (68.3, 154.3) μg/m3 and 61.6 (36.9, 81.7) μg/m3, respectively. The different monitoring metrics for short-term exposure to ambient O3 were significantly associated with reduced forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and increased FeNO. An interquartile range (IQR) increase in 6-d moving average of O3-1 h max (IQR=71.5 μg/m3) was associated with a 6.2% (95%CI: -11.8%, -0.5%) decrease in FEV1 and a 63.3% (95%CI: 13.8%, 134.3%) increase in FeNO. An IQR increase in 7-d moving average of O3-8 h max (IQR=62.0 μg/m3) was associated with a 6.2% (95%CI: -11.6%, -0.7%) decrease in FEV1and a 75.5% (95%CI: 19.3%, 158.0%) increase in FeNO. An IQR increase in 5-d moving average of O3-24 h avg (IQR=32.9 μg/m3) was associated with a 3.7% (95%CI: -7.1%, -0.2%) decrease in FEV1and a 25.3% (95%CI: 3.6%, 51.6%) increase in FeNO. There was no significant association between the three monitoring metrics for O3 exposure and peak expiratory flow (PEF).@*CONCLUSION@#Short-term exposure to ambient O3 was associated with decreased lung function and increased airway inflammation among the healthy young adults, and daily 1-hour maximum was more sensitively to the respiratory effects of O3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Benchmarking , China , Environmental Exposure , Inflammation , Ozone , Particulate Matter
16.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 415-429, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761909

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printed bone tissue engineering scaffolds have been widely used in research and clinical applications. β-TCP is a biomaterial commonly used in bone tissue engineering to treat bone defects, and its multifunctionality can be achieved by co-doping different metal ions. Magnesium doping in biomaterials has been shown to alter physicochemical properties of cells and enhance osteogenesis. METHODS: A series of Mg-doped TCP scaffolds were manufactured by using cryogenic 3D printing technology and sintering. The characteristics of the porous scaffolds, such as microstructure, chemical composition, mechanical properties, apparent porosity, etc., were examined. To further study the role of magnesium ions in simultaneously inducing osteogenesis and angiogenesis, human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) and human umblical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in scaffold extracts to investigate cell proliferation, viability, and expression of osteogenic and angiogenic genes. RESULTS: The results showed that Mg-doped TCP scaffolds have the advantages of precise design, interconnected porous structure, and similar compressive strength to natural cancellous bone. hBMSCs and HUVECs exhibit high proliferation rate, cell morphology and viability in a certain amount of Mg²⁺. In addition, this concentration of magnesium can also increase the expression levels of osteogenic and angiogenic biomarkers. CONCLUSION: A certain concentration of magnesium ions plays an important role in new bone regeneration and reconstruction. It can be used as a simple and effective method to enhance the osteogenesis and angiogenesis of bioceramic scaffolds, and support the development of biomaterials and bone tissue engineering scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Biomarkers , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Bone Regeneration , Cell Proliferation , Compressive Strength , Endothelial Cells , In Vitro Techniques , Ions , Magnesium , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Methods , Osteogenesis , Porosity , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Veins
17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 870-874, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796978

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To confirm expression alteration of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of generalized anxiety disorder(GAD) patients and anti-anxiety treatment effects on aberrant expression of lncRNAs.@*Methods@#Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed in 80 GAD patients and 40 healthy participants to confirm 10 aberrant lncRNAs screened by microarray expression profiling.And 26 out of all the 80 GAD patients were recruited for lncRNA expression level testing and Hamilton Anxiety Scale(HAMA) assessments before and after 6 weeks’ treatment.@*Results@#Six of ten lncRNAs selected by array profiling (lncRNA4(7.44±2.26), lncRNA5(6.83±2.28), lncRNA6(8.09±2.30), lncRNA8(9.10±2.36), lncRNA9(7.66±2.12), lncRNA10(7.34±2.12)) were verified by qRT-PCR that the lncRNA expression levels were significantly up regulated in GAD patients compared with healthy controls(Z=-3.022--1.996, P<0.05 or 0.01), and lncRNA4(9.73±2.53), lncRNA6(9.91±2.01), lncRNA8(10.48±1.68), lncRNA9(9.02±1.58), lncRNA10(9.04±2.08) were down regulated significantly after 6 weeks’ anti-anxiety treatment(Z=-3.180--2.530, P<0.05 or 0.01) along with signicant reduction of total HAMA score (11.19±8.37), dimension scores of somatic anxiety(5.31±4.76), psychic anxiety(5.88±3.82) (t=5.502-5.971, P<0.01). The alterations of lncRNA4, lncRNA6, lncRNA8, lncRNA9, lncRNA10 were positively correlated with that of HAMA total score and psychic anxiety score(r=0.39-0.69, P<0.05 or 0.01), and alteration of lncRNA6, lncRNA8, lncRNA10 had positive correlation with that of somatic anxiety score(r=0.44-0.59, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The expression level of lncRNA4, lncRNA5, lncRNA6, lncRNA8, lncRNA9, lncRNA10 are up-regulation in PBMCs of GAD patients and anti-anxiety treatment can reverse the expression level of lncRNAs. Alteration of lncRNA expression has osculatory association with improvement of anxious symptom.

18.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 870-874, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791117

ABSTRACT

Objective To confirm expression alteration of long non-coding RNA( lncRNA) in pe-ripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of generalized anxiety disorder( GAD) patients and anti-anxiety treatment effects on aberrant expression of lncRNAs. Methods Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed in 80 GAD patients and 40 healthy participants to con-firm 10 aberrant lncRNAs screened by microarray expression profiling. And 26 out of all the 80 GAD patients were recruited for lncRNA expression level testing and Hamilton Anxiety Scale(HAMA) assessments before and after 6 weeks’ treatment. Results Six of ten lncRNAs selected by array profiling (lncRNA4(7. 44± 2. 26),lncRNA5(6. 83±2. 28),lncRNA6(8. 09±2. 30),lncRNA8(9. 10±2. 36),lncRNA9(7. 66±2. 12), lncRNA10(7. 34±2. 12)) were verified by qRT-PCR that the lncRNA expression levels were significantly up regulated in GAD patients compared with healthy controls ( Z=-3. 022--1. 996,P<0. 05 or 0. 01),and lncRNA4(9. 73 ± 2. 53),lncRNA6 ( 9. 91 ± 2. 01), lncRNA8 ( 10. 48 ± 1. 68), lncRNA9 ( 9. 02 ± 1. 58), lncRNA10(9. 04 ± 2. 08) were down regulated significantly after 6 weeks’ anti-anxiety treatment ( Z=-3. 180--2. 530,P<0. 05 or 0. 01) along with signicant reduction of total HAMA score (11. 19±8. 37),di-mension scores of somatic anxiety(5. 31±4. 76),psychic anxiety(5. 88±3. 82) (t=5. 502-5. 971,P<0. 01). The alterations of lncRNA4,lncRNA6,lncRNA8,lncRNA9,lncRNA10 were positively correlated with that of HAMA total score and psychic anxiety score(r=0. 39-0. 69,P<0. 05 or 0. 01),and alteration of lncRNA6, lncRNA8,lncRNA10 had positive correlation with that of somatic anxiety score(r=0. 44-0. 59,P<0. 01). Conclusion The expression level of lncRNA4,lncRNA5,lncRNA6,lncRNA8,lncRNA9,lncRNA10 are up-regulation in PBMCs of GAD patients and anti-anxiety treatment can reverse the expression level of lncRNAs. Alteration of lncRNA expression has osculatory association with improvement of anxious symptom.

19.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 57-62, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702885

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical responses and hemodynamic changes of single chamber endotracheal intubation general anesthesia applied to thoracoscopic resection of esophageal carcinoma under carbon dioxide pneumothorax. Method Sixty [ASA I ~ II, NYHA I ~ II, hight (148.57 ± 10.95) cm, weight (40.52 ± 3.97) kg] patients who were light weight, short height, and underwent thoracoscopic resection of esophageal carcinoma in pneumothorax with filling carbon dioxide under general anesthesia of tracheal intubation with single lumen were selected. CO2gas (6 ~ 8 L/min) was slowly inserted into the operative side thoracic cavity to maintain intrathoracic pressure 6 ~ 8 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), central venous pressure (CVP), pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2), airway pressure (PaW), partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) and other indicators and so on, were collected at the 5 minutes before artificial pneumothora (T1), and at the 5 minutes (T2), 15 minutes(T3), 30minutes (T4), 60 minutes (T5), 100 minutes (T6) after artificial pneumothorax, and 10 minutes at the end of thoracic operation (T7), Samples of arterial blood gases were obtained at the same time. Results All cases were successfully completed by thoracoscopic surgery, significant arrhythmias and severe complications were not found at each time point; After CO2pneumothorax, HR, CVP, PaW, PETCO2and PaCO2at T2~ T6increased significantly than those at T1(P < 0.05); but BP, Arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) and blood pH value decreased significantly at T2~ T6than those at T1(P < 0.05); SpO2at T3and T4was significantly lower than that at T1(P < 0.05), Although SpO2also decreased at T5and T6, there was no significant differences comparing to at T1(P > 0.05). After T7, most of the remaining indicators were restored to the base level excep that CVP remains high. Conclusion When patients with low weight and short stature underwent tracheal intubation under single lumen anesthesia for thoracoscopic resection of esophageal cancer under carbon dioxide pneumothorax, their hemodynamics were relatively stable,and all the indexes of respiration and arterial blood gas were within the acceptable range, It was a feasible, relatively safe method of anesthesia for such patients who could enjoy thoracoscopic techniques.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1001-1005, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704201

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of circRNA expression level in peripheral blood and severity of cognitive dysfunction of major depressive disorder(MDD). Methods Gene chip technique was performed in peripheral blood mononuclear specimen from 5 MDD patients and 5 controls respectively for confirming circRNAs of aberrant expression,and further verification was done in a larger sample of 100 MDD patients by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR,and all of MDD patients and controls were assessed by Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Beijing Version ( MoCA). Results Compared with the controls, scores of visuospatial & executive function, attention & computation, abstraction, delayed memory were significantly lower in MDD patients (t=-3. 89--1. 91,P<0. 05). Expression level of circRNA_002143 had negative cor-relation with attention & computation(r=-0. 645,P<0. 01 ). In MDD patients,expression levels of circRNA_103636,circRNA_100679,circRNA_104953 were positively correlated with visuospatial & executive func-tion,attention & computation,abstraction,delayed memory(r=0. 462-0. 589,P<0. 05 or 0. 01). Expression level of circRNA_100679,circRNA_104953 had predictive effect on visuospatial & executive function(t=9. 49,9. 31,P<0. 01) and accounted for 29. 0% of variances and circRNA_104953 had predictive effect on abstraction(t=8. 22,P=0. 009) and accounted for 28. 5% of variances. ROC analysis suggested expression levels of circRNA_103636,circRNA_100679,circRNA_104953 had neutral predictive efficacy on cognitive function(0. 7<AUC<0. 9,P<0. 05). Conclusion Cognitive dysfunction is specific feature of MDD,which can be interpreted by expression levels of circRNA_103636,circRNA_100679,circRNA_104953,and circR-NAs may regulate the pathological process of MDD via impairing the cognitive function.

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