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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 314-317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882281

ABSTRACT

As a transmembrane protein, CD47 is widely distributed in a variety of cells. It can bind to signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPα) on macrophages and release inhibitory signals, thus avoiding phagocytosis of macrophages. In lymphoma cells, the expression of up-regulation of CD47 expression in lymphoma cells is one of the important mechanisms for inducing immune escape, and it is also a potential therapeutic target. This article reviews the research progress of CD47-induced immune escape, monoclonal antibodies targeting CD47 and cellular immunotherapy in the treatment of lymphoma.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 253-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882271

ABSTRACT

The microenvironment of lymphoma is an important factor affecting the development of lymphoma, which is involved in regulating the recognition and immune response of lymphoma cells by the immune system. In the era of immunotherapy of lymphoma, the state of microenvironment also affects the effect of monoclonal antibodies, small molecular compounds and other immune targeting drugs on lymphoma cells. Among them, microenvironment-related immune escape is one of the key factors leading to the failure of lymphoma treatment. This article reviews some microenvironment factors such as stromal immune cell subsets, vascular proliferation, hypoxia, immune checkpoint and the recent research progress of immune escape.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 125-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882251

ABSTRACT

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is characterized by heterogeneity with respect to morphology, immune phenotype, molecular pathogenesis, clinical presentation and prognosis. With the development of genome and transcriptome sequencing, DLBCL was classified as four subtypes (EZB, BN2, MCD, and N1) or five subtypes (C1-C5). The new molecular pathological typing has a deeper understanding of DLBCL from the levels of genes and molecules which makes the judgment of prognosis more accurate and specific, and it is conducive to the clinical screening of more accurate targeted therapy.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 141-145, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862812

ABSTRACT

EB virus (EBV) is a potential oncogenic virus. About 95% of healthy people are infected with EBV and carry it for all life. EBV can induce host cells clonization and transformation. About 2% of tumors are related to EBV infection. In recent years, EBV-induced lymphocyte clonal transformation and the diagnosis and treatment of EBV-related lymphoproliferative diseases have got some progress.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of multiple negative costimulatory molecules on peripheral blood T cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its affection on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from patients with newly diagnosed AML, complete remission (CR), and no-remission (NR) were collected, the expression levels PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 in CD4 and CD8 T cells were detected by flow cytometry , and the clinical data of patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the newly diagnosed AML patients were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the CR group were significantly lower than those in newly diagnosed and the NR group (P<0.05). The TIM-3 expression level positively correlated with VISTA expression level of CD4 and CD8 T cells in newly diagnosed AML patients (r=0.85 and 0.73). The VISTA and PD-1 expression level of CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed AML, NR after first induction chemotherapy and high risk patients significantly increased (P<0.05), the TIM-3 expression level of CD8 T cells in high risk group significantly increased (P<0.05), and the VISTA expression level of CD8 T cells in CBFβ-MYH11 mutation-positive group significantly decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA in AML peripheral blood T cells may be involved in the immune escape of AML and can be the targets of treatment for acute myeloid leukemia patients.


Subject(s)
B7 Antigens , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 381-384, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751412

ABSTRACT

Lymphoma is often accompanied by local infiltration and extranodal involvement, and it is regulated by a variety of factors in the lymphoma microenvironment. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in regulating angiogenesis and promoting the migration of lymphoma and it is involved in the occurrence and development of lymphoma. This article reviews the progress of VEGF in the development of lymphoma, especially angiogenesis and lymphatic migration, as well as in the treatment and prognosis of lymphoma.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 378-381, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751411

ABSTRACT

CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (CD5+DLBCL) is a special type of DLBCL, which is characterized with later clinical staging, high-risk of relapse in extranodular tissues like bone marrow and central nervous system (CNS).Combined chemotherapy including rituximab and salvage autotransplantation/ allotransplantation can not significantly improve the prognosis. This article reviews the clinicopathological features, the possible pathogenesis, treatment status and dilemma in order to get the better understanding of CD5+DLBCL and avail the early diagnosis and individualized treatment.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 375-378, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751410

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is one of the most common human herpesviruses, presenting a latent infection in more than 95% of healthy adults. EBV can regulate the differentiation, proliferation and colony formation of infected lymphocytes by coding viral proteins, and it is associated with Burkitt lymphoma, NK/T cell lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and vascular immunoblastic lymphoma. This article reviews the research progress of EBV in lymphoma transformation.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 371-375, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751409

ABSTRACT

OX40 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily. In the immune response of the body, OX40 and the OX40 ligand (OX40/OX40L) on the antigen-presenting cell membrane are important co-stimulatory molecules, which can promote the proliferation of T cells. And OX40 also has the dual role of activating and enhancing the T cell immune response. OX40/OX40L is an important target for tumor immunotherapy, and clinical studies of several OX40 agonists are currently underway. This article reviews the immunoregulatory mechanisms of OX40/OX40L and its research progress in lymphoma immunotherapy.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 368-371, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751408

ABSTRACT

Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is a member of IRF family, which is mainly expressed in lymphocytes and plays an important role in the development of lymphoma. In addition, it is related with a tentative classification in the name of large B-cell lymphoma with IRF4 gene rearrangement proposed in 2016 updated version of World Health Organization (WHO). This article reviews the structural features, biological functions of IRF4 gene, its role in lymphocyte development, and large B-cell lymphoma with IRF4 gene rearrangement.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771852

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and the factors affecting HC, so as to provide clinical evidence for further treatment of HC.@*METHODS@#The HC of 113 patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University between the years 2014-2016 was analyzed respectively. All cases of HC were divided into HC group and non-HC(control) group. The follow-up time: from preeonditionig day to 180 d after transplantation. The 10 clinical parameters were selected for univariate analysis with COX regression analysis: sex, age (<25 years and 25 years), primary disease, conditioning regimen with anti-thymoglobulin(ATG), sex-mismatch in recipients, haploidential HSCT, cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia, EB viremia, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and primary disease relapse, the factors significant at the 0.1 level in univariate analysis should be further evaluated by multivariate analysis using a COX regression analysis. The difference was significant at P<0.05 in multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The HC occured in 31 of 113 patients (27.4%), with 5 cases of grade I (5.5%), 19 of grade II (16.8%), 5 of grade III (4.4%), and 2 of grade IV (1.8%). The median time of HC onset was 37 days (26-70 d) after transplantation. The median duration of HC was 14 days (5-55d). Univariate analysis showed that conditioning with anti-thymoglobulin (ATG) (RR=6.170, 95%CI: 1.875-20.306, P<0.01), CMV viremia (RR=7.633, 95%CI:2.318-25.133) (P<0.01), haploidentical HSCT (RR=0.307, 95%CI:0.137-0.686, P<0.01), GVHD (RR=1.891, 95%CI:0.918-3.898, P>0.05) were the risk factors for recovery from HC. The multivatiate analysis of above-mentioned risk factors with statistical significance showed that only CMV viremia (RR=4.770, 95%CI: 1.394-16.326, P<0.05) was the indentified risk factor affecting the recovery from HC.@*CONCLUSION@#Monitoring CMV viremia and antivirotic treatment are effective measurs to prevent the occurrence of HC and promote the recovery from HC.


Subject(s)
Cystitis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1118-1122, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the significance of lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) in the disease progress of primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 43 patients diagnosed as PGI-DLBCL in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2015 were collected, and the disease progress was followed up.@*RESULTS@#According to the ROC curve, the threshold value of LMR for 2 years PFS (%) of PGI-DLBCL patients was 2.6. Unvariate analysis showed that LMR (P<0.05), large enclosed mass lesion (P<0.01) and IPI (P<0.05) were prognostic factors affecting PFS, the COX regression model multivariate analysis showed that LMR<2.6 [ (risk ratio (RR)=3.083, 95%CI 1.828-8.313, P<0.01], and large enclosed mass lesions (RR=2.718, 95%CI 1.339-6.424, P<0.05) were the independent adverse prognostic factor for two years PFS.@*CONCLUSION@#Both LMR<2.6 and large enclosed mass lesions relate with the progress of PGI-DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Monocytes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1482-1489, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and its potential mechanism of asparaginase on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of asparaginase on proliferation of DLBCL cell lines. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and apoptosis. Western blot was used to analyze apoptosis and its potential mechanism.@*RESULTS@#Asparaginase obviously inhibited the proliferation of multiple DLBCL cell lines and caused G/G cell arrest. Furtherly, asparaginase inhibited the expression of HIF-1α which related to poor prognosis of patients with DLBCL, up-regulated the expression of DR4 and caspase 8, reduce the expression of c-FLIP. Meanwhile, asparaginase induced the expression of pro-apoptotic protein BAX and inhibited the expression of anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1.@*CONCLUSION@#Asparaginase can inhibit the proliferation of DLBCL cell lines, cause the arrest of cells in G/G and induce apoptosis via the endogenous and exogenous apoptotic pathways.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asparaginase , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1086-1092, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects and its potential mechanism of IKK2 inhibitor LY2409881 on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CCK8 assay was used to detect the effect of LY2409881 on proliferation of DLBCL cell lines; Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle; Western blot was used to analyze apoptosis and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LY2409881 inhibited the proliferation of multiple DLBCL cell lines obviously, and caused G cell arrest. Furtherly, LY2409881 inhibited the expression of c-FLIP, induced the activation of DR4 and caspase 8. Meanwhile, LY2409881 induced the expression of pro-apoptotic protein BAX and inhibited the expression of anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1 and BCL-2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LY2409881 inhibits the proliferation of DLBCL cell lines, causes G cell arrest and induces apoptosis via the endogenous and exogenous apoptotic pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Pyrimidines , Thiophenes
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775946

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression of LINC00520 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma(LSCC),and analyze its relevance and roles in carcinogenesis and development of LSCC.The expression of LINC00520 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissue and paired adjacent normal tissue was determined by real-time PCR.The relationship between the expression of LINC00520 and the clinicopathological characteristics including clinical stage,pathological type,histological grade and lymph node metastasis of LSCC was analyzed.(1)The LINC00520 expression level was significantly upregulated in LSCC tissues compared to that of paired adjacent normal tissues(0.05).The LINC00520 expression level had no significant changes in poorly differentiated LSCC compared with that of well and moderately differentiated counterparts(>0.05).Moreover,the expression of LINC00520 had no significant difference between T1+T2 stage and T3+T4 stage LSCC tissues(>0.05).Interestingly,the LINC00520 level in LSCC with lymph node metastasis was significantly higher than that in patients without lymph node metastasis(<0.01).Upregulation of LINC00520 in LSCC may contribute to its metastasis.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 765-768, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664151

ABSTRACT

Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is an important method for treatment of malignant lymphoma. Its treatment process is relatively complex, and the curative effect can be affected by many factors. AHSCT has been widely applied in different subtypes of ML treatment, and looking for effective prognostic factors to further differentiate patients who may benefit from AHSCT and formulating reasonable transplantation are important issues for the clinical doctors to deal with. This article briefly reviews the clinical progress of AHSCT for ML treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 602-606, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809052

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens at hematology department of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2015 to provide reference for empirical anti-infection treatment.@*Methods@#Pathogens were from hematology department of 26 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2015. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out according to a unified protocol using Kirby-Bauer method or agar dilution method. Collection of drug susceptibility results and corresponding patient data were analyzed.@*Results@#The separated pathogens amounted to 4 306. Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 64.26%, while the proportions of gram-positive bacteria and funguses were 26.99% and 8.75% respectively. Common gram-negative bacteria were Escherichia coli (20.48%) , Klebsiella pneumonia (15.40%) , Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8.50%) , Acinetobacter baumannii (5.04%) and Stenotropho-monas maltophilia (3.41%) respectively. CRE amounted to 123 (6.68%) . Common gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (4.92%) , Staphylococcus hominis (4.88%) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (4.71%) respectively. Candida albicans were the main fungus which accounted for 5.43%. The rates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia resistant to carbapenems were 3.5%-6.1% and 5.0%-6.3% respectively. The rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant to tobramycin and amikacin were 3.2% and 3.3% respectively. The resistant rates of Acinetobacter baumannii towards tobramycin and cefoperazone/sulbactam were both 19.2%. The rates of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia resistant to minocycline and sulfamethoxazole were 3.5% and 9.3% respectively. The rates of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis resistant wards vancomycin were 0, 6.4% and 1.4% respectively; also, the rates of them resistant to linezolid were 1.2%, 0 and 1.6% respectively; in addition, the rates of them resistant to teicoplanin were 2.8%, 14.3% and 8.0% respectively. Furthermore, MRSA accounted for 39.15% (83/212) .@*Conclusions@#Pathogens were mainly gram-negative bacteria. CRE accounted for 6.68%. The rates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia resistant to carbapenems were lower compared with other antibacterial agents. The rates of gram-positive bacteria resistant to vancomycin, linezolid and teicoplanin were still low. MRSA accounted for 39.15%.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study was to investigate the effect of has-miR-150 on the proliferation and apoptosis in human acute T lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) cell line Jurkat, and explore its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Lentivirus-has-miR-150 was constructed and transfected to Jurkat cells. The expression of miR-150 was detected by real time PCR; the cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 method and Annexin V/7-AAD labeling, respectively; the cell-related protein expressions of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase(PI3K)/serine/ threonine kinase (Akt) signaling pathway were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of miR-150 in infected Jurkat cells was significantly upregulated by constructing lentivirus-has-miR-150. Compared to negative control (transfected with empty-vector lentivirus), the cell proliferation after LV-miR-150 transfection was significantly inhibited and cell apoptosis was remarkably induced. Phosphorylation levels of P13K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway protein p-Akt and p-p65 decreased,whereas no obvious change was found in the expression of Akt.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>miR-150 may be a putative oncoprotein in T-ALL cells. Overexpression of miR-150 has noticeable effects on the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction of Jurkat cells, which may be mediated by the negative regulation of PI3K/Akt /NF-κB signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Lentivirus , MicroRNAs , NF-kappa B , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Signal Transduction , Transfection , Up-Regulation
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1391-1395, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340491

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to establish the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) stably overexpressing mouse CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) gene and to explore their function. The recombinant lentiviral vector LV-CXCR4-IRES-EGFP with packaging plasmid pSPAX2 and envelope plasmid pMD.2G were co-transfected into 293FT packaging cell line using lipofectamine 2000 to produce the recombinant lentiviral vectors. The recombinant viruses were harvested and concentrated by using ultracentrifugation. Mouse bone marrow MSC were infected with the viral supernatants. Variable methods were used to optimize the transduction condition. EGFP expression was visualized using fluorescence microscope and efficiency of infection was determined by flow cytometry (FCM). Proliferation and apoptosis were detected by proliferation curve and FCM, respectively. Migration capacity was assessed by a chemotaxis assay using transwell. Expression of EGFP were detected by fluorescence microscopy in MSCs after infection. The results showed that through optimization of infection condition, the recombination lentiviral vectors had higher infection efficacy; after infection for 72 h, the higher expression of EGFP could be observed under fluorescence microscope; the expression of CXCR4 protein on MSC surface in CXCR4-MSC group significantly increased compared with those in the control group. Meanwhile, over-expression of CXCR4 had no effect on their capacity of proliferation and did not induce apoptosis. Moreover, CXCR4 enhanced the migration of cells in the transwell induced by SDF-1 gradient compared with the EGFP control group. It is concluded that the lentiviral vector can not only infect mouse MSCs efficiently, but also can make CXCR4 express stably in MSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Chemokine CXCL12 , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Vectors , Lentivirus , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Mice , Plasmids , Receptors, CXCR4 , Genetics , Transfection
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 546-550, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of Sox17 and β-catenin proteins in oligodendroglioma, and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred cases of oligodendroglioma of different grades and 10 cases of surrounding benign tissue from First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2003 to 2013 were assessed by immunohistochemistry for Sox17 and β-catenin protein expression. The clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome of patients with oligodendroglioma were evaluated by Kaplan-Meien and Cox regression analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sox17 was expressed in 10/10, 82% (41/50) and 62% (31/50) of normal control, oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, respectively. β-catenin was expressed in 2/10, 22% (11/50), and 52% (26/50) of normal control, oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, respectively. The differences of Sox17 and β-catenin expression between normal control and different types of oligodendroglioma were statistically significant. Univariate analysis showed that the expression of Sox17 protein (P = 0.000), β-catenin protein (P = 0.033), tumor position (P = 0.001), radiotherapy (P = 0.077), and chemotherapy (P = 0.000) were significant prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Oligodendrogliomas with expression of Sox17 protein, but not β-catenin, have better prognosis. Evaluation of Sox17 and β-catenin protein expression is important for accurate pathological diagnosis, prognostication and guiding treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Oligodendroglioma , Metabolism , Regression Analysis , SOXF Transcription Factors , Metabolism , beta Catenin , Metabolism
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