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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921639

ABSTRACT

Five monoterpenoid compounds(1-5) were isolated and purified from the acetone fraction of the aqueous extract of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens by MCI, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel, semi-preparative HPLC, and TLC. Their structures were identified with multiple spectroscopical methods including 1 D-NMR, 2 D-NMR, and MS. The five compounds were identified as(2E,6Z)-8-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl-(E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) acrylate(1),(2E,6E)-8-hydroxy-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-die-noic acid(2),(E)-1,8-dihydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-2-octenoic acid(3), linalyl-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), and β-D-glucopyranoside-(2E)-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl(5), respectively.Compound 1 was a new monoterpene ester, and compounds 4-5 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Esters , Monoterpenes , Rhizome
2.
Singapore medical journal ; : 492-496, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920958

ABSTRACT

Knee subchondroplasty (SCP) is one of the most novel minimally invasive methods for treating bone marrow lesions. The literature suggests that it is safe, with few complications and good outcomes. However, no studies have documented its usage for managing large subchondral bone cysts. This article outlines a case report and details the pearls and pitfalls of SCP in treating large subchondral bone cysts. Our patient underwent arthroscopic debridement with medial femoral condyle SCP. Mild posterior extravasation of synthetic bone substitute was observed on Postoperative Day 1, which was immediately rectified on revision arthroscopy. Gradual escalation of weight bearing and good pain relief were subsequently achieved, and the patient has remained complication-free after two years. No further extravasation were observed on repeat radiography. SCP is a feasible temporising measure that may help to delay the need for bone allograft or immediate knee arthroplasty in younger patients while retaining function and delaying loss of productivity.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872622

ABSTRACT

Eight polyacetylenes were isolated from the extract of the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined as 2E,4E,12Z-tetradecatriene-1-pyrrolidine-1-oxo-8,10-diynoic (1), tetradeca-2E,4E,12E-trien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (2), tetradeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (3), tetradeca-2E,4E,10Z-trien-8-ynoic acid pyrrolidide (4), 2E,4E,12E-tetradecatriene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (5), 2E,4E-undecyldiene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (6), 2E,4E,10E-N-isobutyl-2,4,10-tetradecatrien-8-ynoic acid amide (7), and undeca-2E,4E-diene-8,10-diynoic acid phenylethylamide (8) by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Among them, compound 1 is a new polyacetylene, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 5-8 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell significantly at certain concentration, showing potent antitumor activity.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1976-1979, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887021

ABSTRACT

Three diarylheptanoids were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of Zingiber officinale peel by MCI Gel CHP-20, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and semipreparative high performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were identified by MS and NMR spectroscopy techniques: (2S,2'S,3R,3'R,4R,4'R,6R,6'R)-6,6'-bis((S)-1-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl)-2,2'-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)octahydro-2H,2'H-[3,3'-bipyran]-4,4'-diol (1), (E)-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hept-4-en-3-one (2), and alpinin B (3). Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2-3 were obtained from Zingiber officinale peel for the first time.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886502

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and safety of hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD). Methods    A total of 50 patients with MVCAD who underwent HCR technique in our heart center from May 2016 to April 2019 were included in this study (a HCR group), including 38 patients who underwent two-stage HCR and 12 patients one-stop HCR. There were 39 males and 11 females, with an average age of 62.4 (46-82) years. Another 482 patients who underwent conventional median incision under off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) at the same period were selected as control (an OPCAB group), including 392 males and 90 females, with an average age of 64.2 (48-84) years. The safety and feasibility of HCR were evaluated and compared with conventional OPCAB technique. Results    There was no perioperative death in both groups. Compared with the OPCAB, HCR was associated with shorter operation time, less chest tube drainage, lower requirement of blood transfusion, shorter mechanical ventilation time and shorter postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events during the follow-up of 6 to 36 months between the two groups. Conclusion    HCR provides favorable short and mid-term outcomes for selected patients with MVCAD compared with conventional OPCAB.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882308

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease is one of the most common birth defects, which is the main cause of death in children.Cardiovascular development is a complex process involving multiple genes, signaling pathways and regulatory factors.According to the sequencing of human genome and encode project, more than 80% of the genes in the genome are transcribed, but only 3% of these transcripts correspond to protein-encoding RNA.It is pointed out that non-coding RNA is as important or even more important as encoding RNA.More and more evidences show that not only encoding genes are involved in the regulation of cardiovascular development, but also protein non-coding genes play an important role in the development of heart.This review will summarize the biological characteristic and function of long noncoding RNAs, and introduce the role of some representative lncRNA in heart development and congenital heart disease.

7.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 91-100, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880951

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in many diseases. However, their involvement in CHD is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of dysregulated lncRNAs in CHD. We used Gene Expression Omnibus data mining, bioinformatics analysis, and analysis of clinical tissue samples and observed that the novel lncRNA SAP30-2:1 with unknown function was significantly downregulated in damaged cardiac tissues from patients with CHD. Knockdown of lncRNA SAP30-2:1 inhibited the proliferation of human embryonic kidney and AC16 cells and decreased the expression of heart and neural crest derivatives expressed 2 (HAND2). Moreover, lncRNA SAP30-2:1 was associated with HAND2 by RNA immunoprecipitation. Overall, these results suggest that lncRNA SAP30-2:1 may be involved in heart development through affecting cell proliferation via targeting HAND2 and may thus represent a novel therapeutic target for CHD.


Subject(s)
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Cell Proliferation , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Histone Deacetylases , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Transcription Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888102

ABSTRACT

Phytohormones play an important role at all stages of plant growth, influencing plant growth and development and regulating plant secondary metabolism, such as the synthesis of flavone, flavonol, anthocyanin, and other flavonoids. Flavonoids, a group of important secondary metabolites ubiquitous in plants, have antioxidative, anti-microbial, and anti-inflammatory activities and thus have a wide range of potential applications in Chinese medicine and food nutrition. With the development of biotechnology, phytohormones' regulation on flavonoids has become a research focus in recent years. This study reviewed the research progress on the mechanism of common phytohormones, such as abscisic acid, gibberellin, methyl jasmonate, and salicylic acid, in regulating flavonoid metabolism, and discussed the molecular mechanism of the synthesis and accumulation of flavonoids, aiming at clarifying the key role of phytohormones in modulating flavonoid metabolism. The result is of guiding significance for improving the content of flavonoids in plants through rational use of phytohormones and of reference value for exploring the mechanism of hormones in regulating flavonoid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , Flavonoids , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Gibberellins , Plant Development , Plant Growth Regulators
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with physical disabilities (PWPs). Methods:A total of 1 512 438 PWPs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:The reported unmet needs of PWPs from high to low were assistive devices assistive devices (55.9%), nursing care (27.0%), medicine (26.3%), functional training (23.9%) and surgery (2.3%). Received service of rehabilitation. The services of rehabilitation for PWPs arranged as assistive devices (48.2%), nursing caring (26.4%), functional training (24.3%), medicine (19.5%) and surgery (1.4%). The logistic regression model showed that age and severity of disabilities had significant effect on the reported unmet needs of rehabilitation and received services for PWPs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PWPs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and rehabilitation training. They received primary services included assistive devices, nursing care and rehabilitation training and therapies. The services development will emphasize the accessibility and coverage. According to ICF model, it proposed to take measures to implement individualized and precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, and characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for children with disabilities (CWDs). Methods:A total of 130 290 CWDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level had been sampled and analyzed. Results:CWDs accounted for 5.33% of the total population with disabilities, in which, 60.4% were boys and 39.6% were girls; 16.3% aged 0 to nine years and 83.7% were seven to 18 years old; 88.4% with agricultural household and 11.6% with non-agricultural household. The distribution of disability severity from severe to mild were 28.3%, 39.5%, 17.7% and 14.6%. The reported unmet needs included assistive devices (40.3%), functional training (37.4%), nursing care (32.2%), medicine (24.9%) and surgery (5.7%). The received services involved in assistive devices (37.9%), functional training (33.7%), nursing care (31.0%), medicine (19.7%) and surgery (2.9%). Logistic Regression model showed that severities of disabilities had significant effects on reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:Implement rehabilitation programs would be tailored to the unmet needs of rehabilitation as CWDs had functioning oriented unmet needs. It proposed to develop individualized and structured rehabilitation services to improve the accessibility and quality of rehabilitation for CWDs.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799256

ABSTRACT

Epigenetics refers to the heritable changes of gene expression without altering DNA sequence.Epigentic mechanism involves DNA methylation, microRNA, histone modification and so on.Tetralogy of Fallot(TOF)is a common congenital heart disease characterized by ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, aortic straddling and right ventricular hypertrophy.Many experimental investigations indicate that epigentics plays an important role in the development of the heart.It will be an important research field in the future showing important clinical significance to study the etiology of tetralogy of Fallot.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837750

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To investigate the trends of proportion and in-hospital mortality of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) over the past 12 years. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 4 868 patients, who were hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Department of Cardiovasology, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University (Second Military Medical University) from Jan. 1, 2007 to Dec. 31, 2018. The annual percentage change (APC) method was used to analyze the changes of the proportion and in-hospital mortality of STEMI and NSTEMI patients. Results Of the 4 868 AMI patients, 3 064 (62.9%) had STEMI and 1 804 (37.1%) had NSTEMI. The proportion of NSTEMI patients significantly increased within the 12 years (APC value 14.0%, P<0.01), from 15.7% in 2007 to 45.2% in 2018; the proportion of STEMI patients showed a significant decline (APC value -5.5%, P<0.01), from 84.3% in 2007 to 54.8% in 2018. The in-hospital mortality of AMI patients showed a significantly downward trend (APC value -6.6%, P<0.05), from 7.0% in 2007 to 4.3% in 2018. The in-hospital mortality of NSTEMI patients also showed a significant decline (APC value -11.9%, P<0.05), from 13.9% in 2007 to 1.9% in 2018, while that of STEMI patients showed no significant change (APC value -3.8%, P=0.225). Conclusion Among AMI patients in our hospital from 2007 to 2018, the proportion of NSTEMI patients showed an increasing trend. The in-hospital mortality of NSTEMI patients decreased within the 12 years, while that of STEMI patients did not.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2421-2427, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829378

ABSTRACT

We separated and purified five chemical constituents of dried ginger by Diaion HP-20, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography. Five gingerols were identified by physicochemical properties and MS and NMR spectroscopy techniques: 4-(2-butyl-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-yl)-2-methoxyphenol (1), 4-(2-hexyl-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-yl)-2-methoxyphenol (2), 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)tridecane-3,5-diol (3), [10]-gingerdiol (4) and 1-[1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy phenyl)-3-oxodecan-5-yl]pyrrolidin-2-one (5a, 5b). Compounds 1-3, 5a, 5b are new compounds.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828979

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the prevalence and determinants of folic acid (FA) supplementation in Chinese couples planning for pregnancy and in women during early pregnancy.@*Methods@#This was a cross-sectional study based on the Shanghai PreConception Cohort (SPCC) study. Data on FA supplementation and socio-demographic features were collected using questionnaires. Couples visiting clinics for pre-pregnancy examination and pregnant women at < 14 gestational weeks were recruited in Shanghai, China, between March 2016 and September 2018.@*Results@#Among the pregnancy planners, 42.4% (4,710/11,099) women and 17.1% (1,377/8,045) men used FA supplements, while 93.4% (14,585/15,615) of the pregnant women used FA supplements. FA supplement use was higher in female pregnancy planners who were older ( : 1.13, 95% : 1.08-1.18), had higher education ( : 1.71, 95% : 1.53-1.92), and were residing in urban districts ( : 1.06, 95% : 1.01-1.11) of FA supplementation; female pregnancy planners with alcohol consumption ( : 0.95, 95% : 0.90-0.99) had lower odds of FA supplementation. In early pregnancy, women with higher educational level ( : 1.04, 95% : 1.03-1.06), who underwent pre-pregnancy examination ( : 1.02, 95% : 1.01-1.03) had higher odds of using an FA supplement; older aged ( : 0.99, 95% : 0.98-0.99), and multigravida ( : 0.97, 95% : 0.96-0.98) had lower odds of FA supplementation.@*Conclusion@#Although the majority of pregnant women took FA supplements, more than half of the women planning for pregnancy did not. Urgent strategies are needed to improve pre-conception FA supplementation.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Female , Folic Acid , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vitamin B Complex , Young Adult
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2951-2954, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862297

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from ethyl acetate extract of Gleditsiae spina were isolated and purified by various chromatographic methods such as MCI gel CHP-20, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. Seven lignans were isolated and identified by spectroscopic data analyses as (7R,8S,7'E,7''S,8''R)-buddlenol P (1), (+)-syringaresinol (2), (+)-isolariciresinol (3), (7S,8R)-cedrusin (4), (7S,8R)-4,9,9'-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-7,8-dihydrobenzofuran-1'-propylneolignan (5), 3',4-O-dimethylcedrusin (6), balanophonin (7). Among them, compound 1 is a new lignan, compounds 2-7 are isolated from the Gleditsia L. for the first time. MTT method was used to investigate the effect of compounds 2-7 on LPS-induced injury of NRK-52e cells. As a result, compounds 2, 3 and 7 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878834

ABSTRACT

This paper was to investigate the effect of total flavonoids of Lichi Semen(TFL) on carbon tetrachloride(CCl_4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats, analyze and predict its mechanism of action and potential quality markers(Q-marker). Firstly, male SD rats were taken and injected subcutaneously with a 40% CCl_4-vegetable oil solution twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks to establish a rat model of liver fibrosis. The rats with liver fibrosis were randomly divided into model group, silybin group(43.19 mg·kg~(-1)), Fuzheng Huayu Capsules group(462.75 mg·kg~(-1)), and TFL groups(100 mg·kg~(-1) and 25 mg·kg~(-1)), with normal rats as a blank group, 10 rats in each group. Except for the blank group, the rats in the other groups were subcutaneously injected with 40% CCl_4-vegetable oil solution of a maintenance dose, once a week. The rats in various treatment groups received corresponding doses of drugs, while the rats in the blank group and model group received the same volume of normal saline once a day for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood was collected from the abdominal aorta and the liver tissues were collected. The levels of total bilirubin(TBiL), direct bilirubin(DBiL), indirect bilirubin(IBiL), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in serum were detected by using an automatic biochemical detector. Masson staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of rat liver. Then, the chemical compositions of TFL were collected, and the action targets of these chemical compositions were predicted through SWISS database and reverse molecular docking server(DRAR-CPI). After screening of disease targets of liver fibrosis by Gene Cards database, the protein-protein interaction was analyzed with use of STRING database, and GO(gene ontology) analysis and KEGG(Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) enrich analysis were also carried out. Moreover, an iTRAQ proteomics technology was used to determine protein expression in liver tissues of rats in TFL, model and blank groups to verify the targets. Furthermore, Cytoscape software was used to establish and visualize the network of chemical components, targets and pathways, and predict the potential Q-marker of TFL. The results showed that the levels of TBiL, DBiL, IBiL, ALT, and AST in the model group were significantly higher than those in the blank normal group(P<0.05), and the above levels in the treatment groups were lower than those in the model group, but with no significant differences. Masson staining showed that the liver damage and the degree of fibrosis were severe in the model group, and were relieved to different degrees in the treatment groups. Then, 74 chemical components were screened, which could act on 865 targets such as EGFR and SRC, participating in the regulation of cancer pathways, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway and other signaling pathways closely related to liver fibrosis. Pinocembrin, quercetin, epicatechin, procyanidin A2, naringenin, nobiletin, phlorizin and rutin showed the highest correlation with liver fibrosis-related targets and pathways. Proteomics results showed that a total of 18 proteins among the 45 proteins predicted by internet pharmacology were identified, among which 6 proteins were significantly expressed, including 5 up-regulated proteins and 1 down-regulated protein. The protein expression of ALB, PLG, HSP90 AA1, EGFR and MAP2 K1 was significantly returned to a normal state in the TFL treatment groups. In conclusion, TFL may demonstrate the anti-hepatic fibrosis and potential hepatoprotective effects by regulating the expression of ALB, PLG, HSP90 AA1, EGFR and MAP2 K1, which may be associated with the regulation of multiple signaling pathways related to liver fibrosis such as PI3 K-Akt pathway. Pinocembrin, quercetin, epicatechin, procyanidin A2, naringenin, nobiletin, phlorizin and rutin could be regarded as potential Q-markers of TFL for quality control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Tetrachloride , Flavonoids , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Male , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semen
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reveal the dynamic changes of flavonoids secondary metabolites and relevant genes expressions in the process of germination of tartary buckwheat seeds by investigating the content of catechins,epicatechins,rutin,and quercetin,and the expressions of their relevant genes in tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings,in order to provide scientific basis for the selection of high-quality, high-nutrition tartary buckwheat sprouts.Method:Contents of catechin,epicatechin,rutin,and quercetin in tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings were detected by UPLC-ESI-QQQ-MS,and the expression levels of genes relating to flavonoids synthesis in tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings were detected by real-time quantitative PCR.Result:There were differences between tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings in the relative contents of catechin,epicatechin,rutin and quercetin,as well as the expressions of relevant genes in the synthesis pathway, including FtPAL,FtC4H,Ft4CL,FtCHS,FtCHI,FtF3H,FtF3'H,FtFLS,FtDFR,FtLAR,FtANS,FtANR. The contents of flavonoids and the expressions of relevant genes in tartary buckwheat sprouts were higher than those in tartary buckwheat seedlings.Conclusion:The higher accumulation of secondary metabolites and flavonoids in tartary buckwheat sprouts may be related to tartary buckwheat seeds' resistance to the external environment in the initial growth stage of germination. From the perspective of application,there are more flavonoids in tartary buckwheat sprouts than in tartary buckwheat seedlings, indicating that tartary buckwheat sprouts have a higher nutritional value.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 484-488, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815842

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Zingiber officinale peel were isolated and purified by various chromatographic separation techniques such as Diaion HP-20, MCI Gel CHP-20, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. Seven terpenoids were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral data: (4R,6S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-en-4-ol (1), 4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-isopropylcyclohex-2-ene-3,4-diol (2), 3,5,6-trihydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one (3), 3-(3-hydroxybutyl)-2,4,4-trimethyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one (4), angelicoidenol (5), grasshopper ketone (6), and dihydrophaseic acid (7), in which compounds 1, 2 are new compounds, named: (4R,6S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-en-4-ol and 4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-isopropylcyclohex-2-ene-3,4-diol, and compounds 3-7 were obtained from this plant for the first time.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789031

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Rehmanniae Radix Preparatawere prepared according to the traditional method of "jiu zheng jiu shai" and investigated using multiple chromatographic methods. Six alkaloids were isolated and their structures were elucidated from spectral data and physicochemical properties, as follows: rehmanniae alkaloid A (4-{[(5-O-á-D-galactopyranosyloxy)methyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde-1-yl}butyric acidmethyl ester) (1), baimantuoluoamide B (2), capparisine C (3), harman-3-carboxylic acid (4), (2S)-1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (5), and 1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]pyrrolidin-2-one (6). Among them, compound 1 is a new alkaloid. Compounds 2-6 were newly isolated from Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch.The effect of compounds 1-6 on NRK-52e cell injury induced by LPS was investigated. The results show that compounds 1-3 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828380

ABSTRACT

In this study, citrate synthase gene(CIT2), and malate synthase gene(MLS1) were successfully knocked out in β-amyrin-producing yeast cells by using CRISPR/CAS9. The promoter of phosphoglucose isomerase gene(PGI1) was replaced by that of cytochrome c oxidase subunit Ⅶa(Cox9)to weaken its expression, aiming to channel more carbon flux into the NADPH-producing pathway. The fermentation results showed that CIT2 deletion had no effect on the β-amyrin production. Compared with the control strain, the production of β-amyrin was increased by 1.85 times after deleting MLS1, reaching into 3.3 mg·L~(-1). By replacing the promoter of PGI1, the β-amyrin yield was 3.75 times higher than that of the control strain, reaching up to 6.7 mg·L~(-1). This study successfully knocked out the CITT2 and MLS1 genes and weakened the PGI1 gene by using CRISPR/CAS9, which directly influenced the production of β-amyrin and provided some reference for the the metabolic engineering of triterpernoid producing strain.


Subject(s)
Ethanol , Fermentation , Metabolic Engineering , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics
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