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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 31-41, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Tissue uptake and distribution of nano-/microplastics was studied at a single high dose by gavage in vivo.@*METHODS@#Fluorescent microspheres (100 nm, 3 μm, and 10 μm) were given once at a dose of 200 mg/(kg∙body weight). The fluorescence intensity (FI) in observed organs was measured using the IVIS Spectrum at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 h after administration. Histopathology was performed to corroborate these findings.@*RESULTS@#In the 100 nm group, the FI of the stomach and small intestine were highest at 0.5 h, and the FI of the large intestine, excrement, lung, kidney, liver, and skeletal muscles were highest at 4 h compared with the control group ( P < 0.05). In the 3 μm group, the FI only increased in the lung at 2 h ( P < 0.05). In the 10 μm group, the FI increased in the large intestine and excrement at 2 h, and in the kidney at 4 h ( P < 0.05). The presence of nano-/microplastics in tissues was further verified by histopathology. The peak time of nanoplastic absorption in blood was confirmed.@*CONCLUSION@#Nanoplastics translocated rapidly to observed organs/tissues through blood circulation; however, only small amounts of MPs could penetrate the organs.


Subject(s)
Microplastics , Plastics , Liver , Microspheres , Lung , Water Pollutants, Chemical
2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 319-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007247

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role and mechanism of DNA repair regulation in the process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. MethodsHCC tissue samples were collected from the patients with recurrence within two years or the patients with a good prognosis after 5 years, and the Tandem Mass Tag-labeled quantification proteomic study was used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins enriched in the four pathways of DNA replication, mismatch repair, base excision repair, and nucleotide excision repair, and the regulatory pathways and targets that play a key role in the process of HCC recurrence were analyzed to predict the possible regulatory mechanisms. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsFor the eukaryotic replication complex pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MCM2 (P=0.018), MCM3 (P=0.047), MCM4 (P=0.014), MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM6 (P=0.006), MCM7 (P=0.007), PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the nucleotide excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the base excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019) and LIG1 (P=0.042) in the HCC recurrence group; for the mismatch repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MSH2 (P=0.026), MSH6 (P=0.006), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), PCNA (P=0.019), and LIG1 (P=0.042) in recurrent HCC tissue. The differentially expressed proteins were involved in the important components of MCM complex, DNA polymerase complex, ligase LIG1, long patch base shear repair complex (long patch BER), and DNA mismatch repair protein complex. The clinical sample validation analysis of important differentially expressed proteins regulated by DNA repair showed that except for MCM6 with a trend of reduction, the recurrence group also had significant reductions in the relative protein expression levels of MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM7 (P=0.007), RCF4 (P=0.002), RCF5 (P<0.001), and MSH6 (P=0.006). ConclusionThere are significant reductions or deletions of multiple complex protein components in the process of DNA repair during HCC recurrence.

3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 71-74, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016416

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the impact of system reform of salt industry on iodine nutrition of people in Gansu Province, and to provide a scientific basis for policy adjustment of relevant departments. Methods The investigation period (2014-2021) was divided into two sub-periods: before system reform of salt industry (2014-2016) and after system reform of salt industry (2017-2021). Thirty counties were selected according to the method of “population proportional probability sampling (PPS)” in 2014. According to the iodine deficiency disease monitoring program of Gansu Province, from 2016 to 2021, children aged 8-10 years and pregnant women were taken as research objects to collect urine samples for urine iodine detection. Children in 2014 and 2018 were selected to measure thyroid volume. Results A total of 90 989 children urine iodine samples were investigated, and the median urinary iodine (MUI) of children was 194.70µg/L; 7 663 and 83,326 children's urinary iodine samples were investigated in the two periods, the MUI was 180.73 µg/L and 196.00 µg/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). A total of 44 741 pregnant women's urinary iodine samples were investigated, and the MUI of pregnant women was 176.50 µg/L; 4 480 and 40 261 pregnant women's urinary iodine samples were investigated in the two periods, the MUI was 160.61 µg/L and 178.10 µg/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The thyroid volume of 1 555 children and 8 509 children was investigated in the two periods, the median thyroid volume was 2.70 mL and 2.55 mL , respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The rates of goiter in children were 3.15% and 1.26%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The iodine nutrition of people in Gansu Province has not fluctuated significantly after the reform of salt industry system and has maintained an appropriate level. It is necessary to pay attention to the potential risk of insufficient iodine nutrition level and thyroid health of key populations such as children and pregnant women and strengthen health education of scientific iodine supplementation.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 521-526, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013131

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and platelet-albumin-bilirubin (PALBI) score in predicting the risk of esophagogastric variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. MethodsA total of 119 patients with liver cirrhosis who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from May 2021 and June 2022 were enrolled, and clinical data, routine blood test results, serum biochemistry, and coagulation test results were collected from all patients. According to the presence or absence of esophagogastric variceal bleeding, the patients were divided into non-bleeding group with 59 patients and bleeding group with 60 patients, and a comparative analysis was performed for the two groups. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-squared test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for esophagogastric variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis and establish a nomogram predictive model. ResultsThe male patients accounted for 75.00% in the bleeding group and 40.68% in the non-bleeding group, and there was a significant difference in sex composition between the two groups (χ2=14.384, P<0.001). Chronic hepatitis B was the main etiology in both the bleeding group and the non-bleeding group (53.33% vs 38.98%), and there was no significant difference in composition ratio between the two groups (χ2=2.464, P=0.116). Compared with the non-bleeding group, the bleeding group had a significantly higher activity of AT-IIIA (t=3.329, P=0.001) and significantly lower levels of PLT, TBil, Ca, TC, and TT (all P<0.05). There were significant differences in APRI and PALBI between the two groups (χ2=6.175 and 19.532, both P<0.05). The binary logistic regression analysis showed that APRI (odds ratio [OR]=0.309, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.109‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.881, P=0.028), PALBI (OR=7.667, 95%CI: 2.005‍ ‍—‍ ‍29.327, P=0.003), Ca (OR=0.001, 95%CI: 0.000‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.141, P=0.007), TC (OR=0.469, 95%CI: 0.226‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.973, P=0.042), and TT (OR=0.599, 95%CI: 0.433‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.830, P=0.002) were independent influencing factors for esophagogastric variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. A nomogram model was established based on the above factors and had an index of concordance of 0.899 and a well-fitted calibration curve. ConclusionAPRI and PALBI have a good value in predicting esophagogastric variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis, and the nomogram model established based on this study can predict the incidence rate of esophagogastric variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.

5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1194-1203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To improve the classical 4-vessel occlusion (4VO) model established by Pulsinelli and Brierley.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male SD rats were randomized into sham operation group, I4VO-Con10 group, I4VO-Int10 group and I4VO-Int15 group. The sham surgery group underwent exposure of the bilateral vertebral arteries and carotid arteries without occlusion to block blood flow. The I4VO-Con10 group experienced continuous ischemia by occluding the bilateral vertebral arteries and carotid arteries for 10 minutes followed by reperfusion for 24 hours. The I4VO-Int10 and I4VO-Int15 groups were subjected to intermittent ischemia. The I4VO- Int10 group underwent 5 minutes of ischemia, followed by 5 minutes of reperfusion and another 5 minutes of ischemia, and then reperfusion for 24 hours. The I4VO-Int15 group experienced 5 minutes of ischemia followed by two cycles of 5 minutes of reperfusion and 5 minutes of ischemia, and then reperfusion for 24 hours. The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was monitored with laser Doppler scanning, and survival of the rats was observed. HE staining was used to observe hippocampal pathologies to determine the optimal method for modeling. Another 48 rats were randomized into 6 groups, including a sham operation group and 5 model groups established using the optimal method. The 5 I4VO model groups were further divided based on the reperfusion time points (1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days) into I4VO-D1, I4VO-D3, I4VO-D7, I4VO- D14, and I4VO- D28 groups. Body weight changes and survival of the rats were recorded. HE staining was used to observe morphological changes in the hippocampal, retinal and optic tract tissues. The Y-maze test and light/dark box test were used to evaluate cognitive and visual functions of the rats in I4VO-D28 group.@*RESULTS@#Occlusion for 5 min for 3 times at the interval of 5 min was the optimal method for 4VO modeling. In the latter 48 rats, the body weight was significantly lower than that of the sham-operated rats at 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after modeling without significant difference in survival rate among the groups. The rats with intermittent vessel occlusion exhibited progressive deterioration of hippocampal neuronal injury and neuronal loss. Cognitive impairment was observed in the rats in I4VO-D28 group, but no obvious ischemic injury of the retina or the optic tract was detected.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved 4VO model can successfully mimic the main pathological processes of global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury without causing visual impairment in rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction , Reperfusion Injury , Body Weight
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 989-997, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the underlying mechanism of inhibition by Jinkui Shenqi Pills (JKSQP) on glucocorticoid-enhanced axial length elongation in experimental lens-induced myopia (LIM) guinea pigs.@*METHODS@#Sixty 2-week old male guinea pigs were randomly divided into 4 groups with 15 guinea pigs in each group, according to the random numbers generated by SPSS software: control, LIM, saline and JKSQP groups. The control group includes animals with no treatment, while the guinea pigs in the other 3 groups received lens-induced myopization on the right eyes throughout the experiment (for 8 weeks). The saline and JKSQP groups were given daily intraperitoneal injections of 10 mg/kg hydrocortisone for 2 consecutive weeks at the same time, and then orally administered either saline or JKSQP [13.5 g/(kg•d) for 6 consecutive weeks. Body weight, anal temperature and animal appearance were observed and recorded to evaluate the GC-associated symptoms. The ocular parameters, including refraction and axial length, were measured by streak retinoscopy and A-scan ultrasonography, respectively. The levels of plasma hormones associated with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA), including free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, estradiol and testosterone, were measured by radioimmunoassay, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the mRNA and protein expressions of retinal amphiregulin (AREG) was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively.@*RESULTS@#JKSQP effectively increased body weight and anal temperature, improved animal appearance and suppressed axial length elongation in glucocorticoid-enhanced myopic guinea pigs with normalization of 4 HPAA-associated plasma hormones (all P<0.05). The plasma level of cAMP was significantly increased, whereas the plasma level of cGMP and the mRNA and protein expressions of retinal AREG were decreased after treatment with JKSQP (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JKSQP exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on axial length elongation with decreased expression of AREG in the retina, and normalized 4 HPAA-associated plasma hormones and the expression of cAMP and cGMP in GC-enhanced myopic guinea pigs.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Guinea Pigs , Glucocorticoids , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Myopia/metabolism , Body Weight , RNA, Messenger , Disease Models, Animal
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 971-979, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the factors related to pregnancy of endometriosis and whether Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can improve pregnancy outcomes in patients with endometriosis in long-term management.@*METHODS@#This multicenter cohort study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of endometriosis patients with fertility needs from January 2019 to November 2019. A total of 252 patients with endometriosis from 5 level-III Grade A hospitals in Beijing were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed for the relevant factors. The propensity score matching (PSM) function of SPSS software was used to match the CHMs group with the non-CHMs group. The pregnancy rate and live birth rate were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The results of univariate analysis showed that age, disease course, presence of infertility, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a), use of CHMs and follow-up time were influencing factors of pregnancy in endometriosis patients (P<0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that age, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of GnRH-a, use of CHMs and follow-up time were independent factors affecting pregnancy in endometriosis patients, among which, age ⩾35 years old, presence of adenomyosis and follow-up time >6 months were independent risk factors (OR=0.445, 0.348, 0.140, respectively, P<0.05), time after surgery or use of GnRH-a ⩽6 months and use of CHMs were independent protective factors (OR=3.839, 3.842, respectively, P<0.05). After PSM, 99 pairs of two groups were matched successfully. The pregnancy rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [55.56% (55/99) vs. 36.36% (36/99), P<0.05]. The live birth rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [49.49% (49/99) vs. 35.35% (35/99), P<0.05].@*CONCLUSION@#CHMs can effectively improve clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of patients with endometriosis in the chronic disease management.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Pregnancy Outcome , Endometriosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Adenomyosis , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Plant Extracts , Fertilization in Vitro
8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 100-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953765

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of lobectomy and sublobar resection in the treatment of lung metastasis and to analyze the factors affecting patient prognosis. Methods    A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 165 patients with pulmonary metastasis who underwent thoracic surgery at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University between March 2010 and May 2021, including 67 males and 98 females, with a median age of 52 (44, 62) years. According to the operation methods, patients were divided into a lobectomy group and a sublobar resection group. The clinical data of the patients were compared between the two groups. The Cox proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results    The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 60.0% and 34.3%, respectively, and the median survival time was 24 months. The 3- and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 39.4% and 23.7%, respectively. Compared with the lobectomy group, the sublobar resection group had shorter operation time for pulmonary metastases (P<0.001), less intraoperative blood loss (P<0.001), less drainage volume on the first day after surgery (P<0.001), less incidence of prolonged air leak (P=0.004), shorter drainage tube indwelling time (P=0.002), and shorter postoperative hospital stay (P=0.023). The disease-free survival time after sublobar resection and lobectomy was 26 months and 24 months, respectively, with no statistical difference (P=0.970). The total survival time of the two groups was 73 months and 69 months, respectively, with no significant difference (P=0.697). Multivariate analysis showed that sex [HR=0.616, 95%CI (0.390, 0.974), P=0.038], disease-free interval [HR=1.753, 95%CI (1.082, 2.842), P=0.023], and postoperative adjuvant therapy [HR=2.638, 95%CI (1.352, 5.147), P=0.004] were independent influencing factors for disease-free survival of patients who underwent pulmonary metastasectomy. Disease-free interval [HR=2.033, 95%CI (1.062, 3.894), P=0.032] and preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen level [HR=2.708, 95%CI (1.420, 5.163), P=0.002] were independent factors influencing the overall survival of patients in this group. Conclusion    Sublobar resection provides a safe and effective treatment option for patients with pulmonary metastasis on the premise of ensuring R0 resection of lung metastasis. Sex, disease-free interval, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen level, and adjuvant therapy after pulmonary metastasectomy are the independent influencing factors for the prognosis.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2419-2425, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981318

ABSTRACT

This study combined the herbal pair Platycodonis Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma(PR-CR) possessing an inhibitory effect on tumor cell proliferation and metastasis with the active component of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) silibinin-loaded nanoparticles(NPs) with a regulatory effect on tumor microenvironment based on the joint effect on tumor cells and tumor microenvironment to inhi-bit cell metastasis. The effects of PR-CR on the cellular uptake of NPs and in vitro inhibition against breast cancer proliferation and metastasis were investigated to provide an experimental basis for improving nanoparticle absorption and enhancing therapeutic effects. Silibinin-loaded lipid-polymer nanoparticles(LPNs) were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy. The NPs were spherical or quasi-spherical in shape with obvious core-shell structure. The mean particle size was 107.4 nm, Zeta potential was-27.53 mV. The cellular uptake assay was performed by in vitro Caco-2/E12 coculture cell model and confocal laser scanning microscopy(CLSM), and the results indicated that PR-CR could promote the uptake of NPs. Further, in situ intestinal absorption assay by the CLSM vertical scanning approach showed that PR-CR could promote the absorption of NPs in the enterocytes of mice. The inhibitory effect of NPs on the proliferation and migration of 4T1 cells was analyzed using 4T1 breast cancer cells and co-cultured 4T1/WML2 cells, respectively. The results of the CCK8 assay showed that PR-CR-containing NPs could enhance the inhibition against the proliferation of 4T1 breast cancer cells. The wound healing assay indicated that PR-CR-containing NPs enhanced the inhibition against the migration of 4T1 breast cancer cells. This study enriches the research on oral absorption of TCM NPs and also provides a new idea for utilizing the advantages of TCM to inhibit breast cancer metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Female , Silymarin/therapeutic use , Caco-2 Cells , Polymers/chemistry , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 464-469, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979531

ABSTRACT

@#Lung is one of the most common metastatic organs of carcinomas. Pulmonary metastasectomy has become a common procedure in thoracic surgery and its effectiveness has been demonstrated by many researches. Once the malignant tumor is combined with lung metastasis, which belongs to the category of advanced tumor, surgical resection is only a palliative treatment to reduce the tumor load. However, there are still some controversies among the surgical indications, preoperative examinations, surgical methods and resection ranges, lymph node management, recurrence and re-resection of metastatic tumor and prognostic factors. This article reviews pulmonary metastasectomy from the above aspects.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 24-27, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995823

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper aims to promote the standardization of ethics review of horizontal scientific research projects and improve the ethics review quality by analyzing the current ethics review practice in a certain tertiary hospital, identifying common problems during the review process, illustrating relevant causes and proposing corresponding solutions.Methods:Through introducing the current situation of ethics review of horizontal scientific research projects in a tertiary level hospital, the differences between the main points of ethics review of horizontal scientific research projects and government-funded scientific research projects were analyzed, so as to sort out the common problems and possible causes in the process of ethics review of horizontal scientific research projects, and then explore the possible corresponding solutions.Results:Based on the characteristics of horizontal research projects, ethics review should focus on their scientific and social values, potential conflicts of interest, protection of subjects′ rights and interests, and whole-process management and quality assurance. At present, there are still many problems, such as a large number of projects, but not many projects with high research value, inadequate project process management, and ineffective implementation of ethics review opinions.Conclusions:The hospital should further improve the management system of horizontal scientific research project approval, bring in more comprehensive review regarding to both scientific and ethics review, engage more experts at the outset of project funding decision-making, set up ethics specialists, strengthen the process management of horizontal scientific research projects, strengthen ethical publicity and education, and improve the ethical awareness of researchers to fully protect the rights and interests of subjects and promote the high-quality development of clinical research.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 858-862, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993513

ABSTRACT

To report the short-term clinical outcome of three cases of distal tibial osteosarcoma treated with a novel 3D-printed ankle fusion prosthesis for limb preservation. The patients were admitted to the Department of Bone Tumor, Shanghai General Hospital from January 2020 to June 2021, with one male and two female cases, aged 18, 12, and 14 years, respectively, all diagnosed with distal tibial osteosarcoma (Ennecking stage IIb). A new self-designed ankle fusion prosthesis was used to perform osteosarcoma resection and prosthetic reconstruction of the distal tibia. The operation time, blood loss, postoperative American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) and ankle range of motion were recorded. All the 3 patients successfully completed the operation and were followed up for 22 months, 18 months and 12 months, respectively. The operation time was 140 min, 110 min and 200 min, and the blood loss was 200 ml, 200 ml and 350 ml, respectively. At the last follow-up, the AOFAS were 86, 90 and 95 points, and the range of motion of ankle flexion and extension were 30°, 15° and 30°. There was no local recurrence or lung metastasis at the last follow-up. The novel 3D-printed ankle fusion prosthesis in the distal tibia is safe and effective for the reconstruction of bone defects after resection of osteosarcoma in the distal tibia, and the early postoperative function is satisfactory.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 821-830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the construction and application methods of multicenter bone tumor-specific database.Methods:Experts from multiple centers including Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Ruijin Hospital, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center and Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital established a standard dataset for bone tumors through research and discussion. Clinical data will be automatically collected and standardized according to standard fields. A database will be built and a users' interface will be developed to ensure secure data storage, while providing services such as exporting raw data, visualizing statistical analysis, establishing clinical queue research projects, et al. Finally, the bone tumor database will be shared by integrating with the Shenkang's Big Data Platform to achieve multi-center data integration.Results:A standard data set for bone tumors containing 603 fields has been established and published. An automated data collection system for bone tumors has been established, including complete data collection, data collation and visualization functions. The data categories include modules such as patients' electronic case information, laboratory information on blood routine, biochemistry and tumor markers, imaging information, surgery information, pathology information and radiotherapy records. Personal information such as patients' names and ID numbers are desensitized and encrypted and can be exported for further research. From 2015 to 2023, the total number of bone tumor cases collected in the database was 10,789. From 2015 to 2019, 112 cases of the osteosarcoma cohort were retrospectively analyzed for admission, with a statistical 5-year survival rate of 68%.Conclusion:A regional bone tumor specialty big data network and data sharing platform has been established, along with data sharing mechanisms and standards including data standards, security standards, and quality evaluation standards. This provides data and efficient new solutions for the construction of China's bone tumor database, as well as a research and development platform for standardized diagnosis and treatment of bone tumors and new technologies.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 292-295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992294

ABSTRACT

Suppressor APC domain containing 2 (SAPCD2) gene may affect tumor proliferation, invasion, migration and apoptosis, and participate in tumor-related signal pathway transduction, suggesting that SAPCD2 may be a biomarker of tumor and a potential target for treatment. Therefore, SAPCD2 has been widely concerned by researchers. This article reviews the role and related mechanisms of SAPCD2 in tumors.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 56-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of severe pneumonia in children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to collect 210 children with RSV infected pneumonia admitted to Hebei Children′s Hospital from October 2017 to October 2020. Among them, 70 children with severe pneumonia were included in the severe pneumonia group, and 140 children with common pneumonia were included in the common pneumonia group; the baseline data and relevant laboratory indicators of the two groups were compared; Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of severe pneumonia in children infected with RSV.Results:The proportions of wheezing, congenital heart disease, respiratory failure, heart failure and pleural effusion of children in severe pneumonia group were higher than those in common pneumonia group, and the forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) were lower than those in common pneumonia group (all P<0.05); the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), CD8 + cells, RSV load and Beclin-1 in severe pneumonia group were higher than those in common pneumonia group, and the levels of CD4 + cells and 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1, 25-(OH) 2D] were lower than those in common pneumonia group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of CRP, CD8 + cells and Beclin-1 in children with severe pneumonia were lower than those before treatment, and the levels of CD4 + cells and 1, 25-(OH) 2D were higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05). Multiple regression model analysis was established. The results showed that congenital heart disease, high CRP level, high CD8 + cells, high RSV load and high Beclin-1 level were risk factors for severe pneumonia in children with RSV infected pneumonia (all OR>1, P<0.05), and high CD4 + cells and 1, 25-(OH) 2D level were protective factors (all OR<1, P<0.05). Conclusions:Severe pneumonia in children with RSV infected pneumonia may be affected by congenital heart disease, CRP, CD4 + cells, CD8 + cells, 1, 25-(OH) 2D, RSV load and Beclin-1.

16.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 431-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991156

ABSTRACT

DNA barcoding has been widely used for herb identification in recent decades,enabling safety and innovation in the field of herbal medicine.In this article,we summarize recent progress in DNA bar-coding for herbal medicine to provide ideas for the further development and application of this tech-nology.Most importantly,the standard DNA barcode has been extended in two ways.First,while conventional DNA barcodes have been widely promoted for their versatility in the identification of fresh or well-preserved samples,super-barcodes based on plastid genomes have rapidly developed and have shown advantages in species identification at low taxonomic levels.Second,mini-barcodes are attractive because they perform better in cases of degraded DNA from herbal materials.In addition,some mo-lecular techniques,such as high-throughput sequencing and isothermal amplification,are combined with DNA barcodes for species identification,which has expanded the applications of herb identification based on DNA barcoding and brought about the post-DNA-barcoding era.Furthermore,standard and high-species coverage DNA barcode reference libraries have been constructed to provide reference se-quences for species identification,which increases the accuracy and credibility of species discrimination based on DNA barcodes.In summary,DNA barcoding should play a key role in the quality control of traditional herbal medicine and in the international herb trade.

17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 749-753, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005662

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of healthcare big data and artificial intelligence technology, how to utilize the massive medical data generated based on clinical diagnosis and treatment has become an important issue to be solved in the field of clinical research. Clinical diagnosis and treatment data is an essential part of healthcare big data, and also the main field of healthcare big data research. With the continuous deepening and extensive development of informatization, hospitals have accumulated a large number of patient-centered clinical diagnosis and treatment data. Deeply mining and analyzing these data through big data technology can provide reference for precise diagnosis and treatment, and standardized prevention and control of diseases. However, conducting relevant research still faces many difficulties and blockages, such as the increased risk of data leakage or abuse, and the difficulty in implementing informed consent. To safely, legally and efficiently utilize clinical diagnosis and treatment data to conduct clinical research and fully tap into the value of these precious medical resources, a tertiary hospital in Beijing has built a research big data platform and developed relevant systems to effectively solve the problems of blockages and difficulties in the application of rich clinical resources to clinical research, and improve the service quality of medical institutions and the conversion rate of scientific research achievements. By introducing the key points and management methods in the implementation of clinical research based on the scientific research big data platform, analyzing and exploring the existing problems and improvement measures, this paper aimed to provide theoretical basis and system reference for high-quality and efficient health and medical big data clinical research, inspire and promote the continuous improvement of medical research management, and promote the development of medical and health science and technology innovation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 889-895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015608

ABSTRACT

N6, 2′ -O-dimethyladenosine (m

19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 543-547, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the composition, incidence and clinical characteristics of oral and maxillofacial infections in oral emergency.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study on patients with oral and maxillofacial infections who visited the Department of Oral Emergency in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from January 2017 to December 2019 was conducted. General characteristics, such as disease composition, gender, age distribution and position of involved teeth were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8 277 patients with oral and maxillofacial infections were finally collected, including 4 378 male patients (52.9%) and 3 899 female patients (47.1%), with gender ratio of 1.12:1. The common diseases were periodontal abscess (3 826 cases, 46.2%), alveolar abscess (3 537 cases, 42.7%), maxillofacial space infection (740 cases, 9.0%), sialadenitis (108 cases, 1.3%), furuncle & carbuncle (56 cases, 0.7%) and osteomyelitis (10 cases, 0.1%). Male patients were more easily affected by periodontal abscess, space infection and furuncle & carbuncle than female patients with the gender ratios 1.24:1, 1.26:1, 2.50:1 individually, while the incidence of alveolar abscess, sialadenitis, furuncle & carbuncle had no significant gender difference. Different diseases were prone to occur at different ages. The peak ages of alveolar abscess were 5-9 and 27-67 years, while the peak age of periodontal abscess was 30-64 years. Space infection tended to occur between 21-67 years. There were 7 363 patients with oral abscess (3 826 patients with periodontal abscess and 3 537 patients with alveolar abscess), accounting for 88.9% of all the patients with oral and maxillofacial infections, involving 7 999 teeth, including 717 deciduous teeth and 7 282 permanent teeth. Periodontal abscess usually occurred in permanent teeth, especially the molar teeth. Alveolar abscess may occur in both primary teeth and permanent teeth. In primary teeth, the most vulnerable sites were primary molar teeth and maxillary central incisors while in permanent teeth the most vulnerable sites were first molar teeth.@*CONCLUSION@#Understanding the incidence of oral and maxillofacial infection was conducive to the correct diagnosis and effective treatment of clinical diseases, as well as targeted education for patients of different ages and genders to prevent the occurrence of diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Animals , Adult , Middle Aged , Abscess , Retrospective Studies , Periodontal Abscess , Carbuncle , Furunculosis , Incisor , Sialadenitis/epidemiology
20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 276-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986027

ABSTRACT

Objective: Through comparative analysis of the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis in Gansu Province from 2010 to 2020, the main influencing factors are screened, and scientific basis is provided for rational allocation of limited health resources, precise management and policy implementation. Methods: In August 2021, survey and collect information on surviving occupational pneumoconiosis patients and dead occupational pneumoconiosis patients diagnosed in Gansu Province from 2010 to 2020, and analyze and calculate indicators such as morbidity, mortality, and disability adjusted of life years (DALY). Analyzing the influencing factors of disease burden usirrg multiple linear regression. Results: From 2010 to 2020, the average annual incidence of occupational pneumoconiosis in Gansu Province was 0.9992/100000, the average annual mortality was 0.897/100000, the cumulative case fatality rate was 25.75%, and the cumulative DALY was 28932.96 person-years. The first stage of occupational pneumoconiosis was the highest among DALY loss (19920.14 person-years), and the DALY loss was positively correlated with the stage of occupational pneumoconiosis. Among occupational pneumoconiosis in Gansu Province, silicosis (13753.66 person-years) and coal worker's pneumoconiosis (13414.73 person-years) caused the highest disease burden, followed by cement pneumoconiosis and asbestos lung. Period, length of service, type of disease, and region are all influencing factors of DALY loss (P<0.05). Conclusion: From 2010 to 2020, the DALY losses caused by occupational pneumoconiosis in Gansu Province showed a fluctuating decrease, with the composition of DALY mainly changing from the loss of life years due to premature death to the loss of years due to injury and disability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology , Anthracosis/epidemiology , Asbestos , Cost of Illness , China/epidemiology
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