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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system.@*METHODS@#Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca@*RESULTS@#The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositols , Rats , Rats, Wistar
2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 377-380, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the iodine level of drinking water in different ecological regions in Gansu Province, and to provide a basis for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in accordance with local conditions.Methods:In May to July 2017, according to different topography, landforms and climatic conditions, Gansu Province was divided into six ecological regions: desert area, Hexi Corridor gobi area, Loess Plateau hilly area, Qinling Zhongshan gorge area, Gannan Plateau grassland and meadow area, and Loess Plateau gully area. One county was selected from each of the five districts in the east, west, south, north, and central areas in each ecological regions. Drinking water samples were collected in each county based on the township, and the water iodine content was determined by arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry.Results:A total of 4 037 water samples were collected in 527 townships of six ecological regions, the water iodine range was 0.10 - 97.60 μg/L, with a median of 2.10 μg/L. Among them, the medians water iodine of the six ecological regions were less than 40 μg/L, the difference between different ecological regions was statistically significant ( H = 1 007.440, P < 0.01); the unified centralized, partially centralized and dispersed water supply water samples were 157, 2 263 and 1 617, and the medians water iodine were 1.61, 2.42, and 1.83 μg/L, respectively, and there was statistically significant difference among different water supply methods ( H = 37.164, P < 0.01). Stratified by water supply method, the differences in water iodine between different ecological regions of the same water supply method were statistically significant ( H = 32.628, 580.630, 391.070, P < 0.01); stratified by ecological region type, the differences of different water supply methods in desert area, Hexi Corridor gobi area, Qinling Zhongshan gorge area, Gannan Plateau grassland and meadow area were statistically significant ( Z = - 2.770, H = 6.369, 9.936, 12.666, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The six ecological regions in Gansu Province are all iodine-deficient areas. The water iodine content varies among different ecological region types and different water supply methods. Surveys on water iodine content and the operating status of water supply facilities should be carried out regularly, and measures should be adjusted in time to prevent and control iodine deficiency disorders in accordance with local conditions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical outcomes of our modified postoperative rehabilitation program after total arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. Methods:From July, 2017 to March, 2019, 32 patients suffered from habitual anterior shoulder dislocation were treated with arthroscopic Latarjet procedure in our medical center. They were randomly assigned to control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 17). The control group received conventional rehabilitation program after shoulder arthroscopic Bankart repair, while the experimental group received modified rehabilitation program after arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. After surgery, they followed our postoperative management and rehabilitation program, and finished every phase of follow-up. Before and three weeks and six weeks after surgery, they were accessed with Visual Analogue Score (VAS) for pain, active range of motion (AROM) and functional assessment. Twelve months after surgery, their satisfaction were compared. Results:None of them was lost at one-year follow-up postoperatively. No recurrent dislocation occurred. Three months after surgery, the VAS, AROM and the scores of shoulder functional assessments were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.149, P < 0.05). Six months after surgery, no significant difference was found in VAS and AROM between two groups (|t| < 1.481, P > 0.05), and the scores of shoulder functional assessments were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.300, P < 0.05). Twelve months after surgery, the percentage of restored throwing ability and patients' satisfaction (t = -4.564, P < 0.001) were higher in the experimental group than in the control group. Conclusion:Compared with the conventional rehabilitation program after shoulder arthroscopic Bankart repair, modified postoperative rehabilitation program for arthroscopic Latarjet procedure is safer and more effective, which could bring better functional outcomes and higher patients' satisfaction.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence and related factors of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) during intermittent catheterization in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods:Case control study was used in this study. Intermittent catheterization was performed on 44 SCI patients hospitalized from April, 2019 to April, 2020, The data of age, gender, time after injury, segment of injury, degree of injury, resting blood pressure, immediate blood pressure after catheterization, catheterization numbers, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were collected. Descriptive analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the occurrence and related factors of AD. Results:Totally, AD happened in 26 (59.1%) patients. Urethral catheterization was done 1738 times, out of which AD accounted for 187 times (10.8%). The risk of AD increased with the time after injury and age (P < 0.05). The probability of AD was lower in T7 SCI and below than in T6 SCI and above (P = 0.002). Catheterization numbers, gender, degree of injury, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were not influencing factors of AD (P > 0.05). Conclusion:It is necessary to have a full understanding for the occurrence of AD in patients with SCI during intermittent catheterization. For patients with SCI in T6 and above, long time after injury and elderly patients, routine monitoring of blood pressure during intermittent catheterization is recommended to detect and deal with AD in time.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E001-E005, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904356

ABSTRACT

The adjacent anatomy of the pelvis is complicated, with digestive, urinary, reproductive and other organs as well as important blood vessels and nerves. Therefore, accurate resection of pelvic tumors and precise reconstruction of defects after resection are extremely difficult. The development of medical 3D printing technology provides new ideas for precise resection and personalized reconstruction of pelvic tumors. The “triune” application of 3D printing personalized lesion model, osteotomy guide plate and reconstruction prosthesis in pelvic tumor limb salvage reconstruction treatment has achieved good clinical results. However, the current lack of normative guidance standards such as preparation and application of 3D printing personalized lesion model, osteotomy guide plate and reconstruction prosthesis restricts its promotion and application. The formulation of this consensus provides normative guidance for 3D printing personalized pelvic tumor limb salvage reconstruction treatment.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903958

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Most gene mutations related to bladder cancer are dominantly acquired gene mutations and are not inherited. Previous comparative transcriptome analysis of urinary bladder cancer and control samples has revealed a set of genes that may play a role in tumor progression. Here we set out to investigate further the expression of two candidate genes, centromere protein U (CENPU) and mitochondrial ribosomal protein s28 (MRPS28) to better understand their role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. Our results confirmed that CENPU is up-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues at mRNA and protein levels. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies in T24 human urinary bladder cancer cell line revealed a hierarchical relationship between CENPU and MRPS28 in the regulation of cell viability, migration and invasion activity. CENPU expression was also up-regulated in in vivo nude mice xenograft model of bladder cancer and mice overexpressing CENPU had significantly higher tumor volume. In summary, our findings identify CENPU and MRPS28 in the molecular pathogenesis of bladder cancer and suggest that CENPU enhances the progression of bladder cancer by promoting MRPS28 expression.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 560-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873798

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role of coagulation function parameters and platelet indices in thrombotic events in patients with hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). MethodsA total of 56 patients with HBV-ACLF who were hospitalized in The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to December 2019 were enrolled and divided into thrombotic complication (TC) group with 24 patients and non-thrombotic complication (NTC) group with 32 patients. A retrospective analysis was performed for their general clinical data on admission, and the patients were observed in terms of the changes in coagulation function, platelet count (PLT), and the platelet function-related index mean platelet volume (MPV) on days 1-7 after admission. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. A repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare coagulation markers within and between groups at different time points. ResultsOn admission, the TC group had a significantly younger age than the NTC group [31.5 (29.0-34.0) years vs 48.5 (36.0-50.7) years, Z=-2.637, P=0.008]. On the day of admission, there was no significant difference in MPV between the TC group and the NTC group (P >0.05), while on days 2-7 after admission, there was a significant difference in MPV between the two groups (t=-2.696、-2.742、-2.894、-4.174、-3.945、-4.716,all P <0.01). In the TC group, MPV reached the peak value on day 5 of admission, with a mean value of 13.90±1.12 fl, which was higher than the range of normal values. On admission, all patients had a mean prothrombin time (PT) of 28.8±7.2 s, a mean activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of 50.5±8.7 s, and a mean international normalized ratio (INR) of 2.6±0.7, which were higher than normal values; all patients had a mean fibrinogen (Fb) level of 1.16±0.3 g/L and a mean PLT of (107.7±26.5)×109/L, which were lower than normal values. There were no significant differences in PT, APTT, Fb, INR, and PLT between the TC group and the NTC group (all P >0.05). ConclusionCoagulation disorder in patients with liver failure is more of a low-equilibrium state, which is complex and heterogeneous and requires individualized treatment. For patients with HBV-ACLF, the development of thrombotic events may be more associated with platelet function than PLT or conventional coagulation markers.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between the curvature of the cervical spine and the degree of cervical disc bulging in young patients with cervical pain.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 539 young patients with neck pain from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 251 males and 288 females, aged 18 to 40 (32.2±6.3) years old. The cervical curvature and cervical disc bulging were measured by cervical X-ray and MRI. According to cervical curvature, the patients were divided into 175 cases of cervical lordosis group (cervical curvature > 7 mm), 163 cases of cervical erection group (0

Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Male , Neck Pain/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 304-308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873396

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of interleukin-32 (IL-32) combined with Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) in predicting the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). MethodsA total of 92 patients with HBV-ACLF who were hospitalized in The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to December 2018 were enrolled, and according to the follow-up results at 3 months after diagnosis, the patients were divided into survival group with 40 patients and death group with 52 patients. ELISA was used to measure the serum level of IL-32. Clinical data of the patients were collected, including age, sex, underlying diseases, major complications, white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count (PLT), hematocrit (HCT), total bilirubin (TBil), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (Alb), serum creatinine (SCr), prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), and HBV DNA. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a Pearson correlation analysis was performed for IL-32 and other variables; a binary logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve(AUC) was used to evaluate the value of IL-32 combined with MELD score in predicting the prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF. The normal Z test was used for comparison of AUC. ResultsThere were significant differences between the two groups in HCT, PLT, TBil, SCr, PT, INR, HBV DNA, IL-32, and MELD score (all P<0.05). IL-32 was positively correlated with TBil (r=0.952, P<0.001) and MELD score (r=0850, P<0.001). IL-32 (odds ratio [OR]=1.137, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1040-1243, P=0.005) and MELD score (OR=1.055, 95% CI: 1.001-1.109, P=0.025) were independent risk factors for the death of HBV-ACLF patients. IL-32 combined with MELD score had the highest value in predicting the prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF (AUC=0.992, 95% CI: 0.981-1000), with a significantly higher AUC than IL-32 (0.992 vs 0.984, Z=2.265, P<0.05) and MELD score (0.992 vs 0877, Z=3182, P<0.05). ConclusionBoth IL-32 and MELD score can predict the prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF, and the combination of these two indicators has a better predictive value.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1108-1115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910697

ABSTRACT

Objective:Limb salvage treatment for osteosarcoma in the distal tibiais challenging and the incidence of postoperative complications is high. To prove that the use of autologous bone inactivation to replant the ankle joint has a satisfactory clinical effect.Methods:This study retrospectively studied 6 cases (4 males and 2 females) of the osteosarcoma of the distal tibia from June 2018 to April 2019 in our center. The average case age was 16.8 years. All cases were first diagnosed in the center, and classic osteosarcoma was confirmed by biopsy. Before the operation, he received 4 courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The tumor was resected under general anesthesia, and the tumor bone was inactivated and replanted for internal fixation and reconstruction. During the operation, the tumor segment was completely removed, and after a series of treatments, it was immersed in hypertonic saline at 65 °C for 45 min. After removal, the bone defect was filled with bone cement, and internal fixation materials such as plate screws and anchors were placed. Finally, soft tissue was rebuilt after the inactivated bone internal fixation complex (autograft-fixation composite, AFC) was replanted. Patients were treated with plaster for 3 months after surgery. Chemotherapy continued 2 weeks after surgery. Follow-up X-ray of the lower tibia were taken at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after the operation to evaluate the MSTS score and ankle function score (AOFAS) to evaluate the ankle function.Results:The patients were followed up for an average of 20 months. At 12 months after operation, no complications such as deep infection, mechanical failure of internal fixation, or local tumor recurrence occurred. The MSTS score averaged 26.7±2.6 points. The AOFAS average was 82.3±8.5 points. The VAS average is 2.7 points. Boneunionwasobserved in 5 cases during follow-up. All cases were satisfied with the treatment results.Conclusion:Limb salvage treatment of distal tibia osteosarcoma is more difficult. This study proves that the use of tumor bone inactivation and internal fixation to reconstruct the ankle joint can not only cure the tumor, but also has satisfactory limb function. It is an ideal strategy for limb salvage reconstruction.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910452

ABSTRACT

Objective:A two-dimensional (2D) in-house-built scintillator detection system (SDS) was utilized for quality assurance of the active spot scanning proton and heavy ion accelerator, aiming to establish a rapid detection method and provide reference for the quality of proton and heavy ion beam (spot position, spot size, virtual source-to-axis distance, profile depth dose distribution and beam range).Methods:The SDS consisted of a ceramic gadolinium-sulfoxylate phosphor-scintillating screen, a mirror and a commercial digital camera. The dose distribution image was obtained based on scintillator, mirror reflector and optical signal acquisition device to transform the proton and heavy ion beam into visible light through sulfur gadolinium oxide scintillator and collect visible light information to meet the clinical requirements for the quality of proton and heavy ion beam.Results:The deviation of spot position measured by multifilament proportional chamber and the SDS was less than 1mm. The differences of beam spot size measured by multifilament proportional chamber and the SDS were (1.40±0.59)mm for protons, and (0.5±0.08)mm for carbon ions. For 429.25MeV/u carbon, the virtual source-to-axis distance (V SAD) at the x-and y-axes was 751.8cm and 805.6cm. And difference between physical distance and virtual source-to-axis distance was less than 1%. The range of 287.5MeV/u carbon measured by SDS was 160mm. Conclusions:The in-house-built scintillator detector can measure beam spot position and size, virtual source, depth distribution curve and range, which can be used as an effective tool for quality assurance control of proton and heavy ion therapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognostic factors of patients with Ⅰ B1-Ⅱ A cervical cancers after surgery and to assess the effects and adverse reactions of intensity-modulated radiotherapy(IMRT)combined with concurrent chemotherapy(CCRT). Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed based on the clinical and follow-up data of 362 patients with Ⅰ B1-Ⅱ A cervical cancers who were treated in Changzhou Second People′s Hospital from January 2009 to December 2019. Meanwhile, these patients suffered large primary tumors(LPT; tumors size: ≥4 cm), lymphatic vascular space invasion (LVSI), and deep stromal invasion(DSI; stromal infiltration depth: ≥1/2) after surgery and showed at least one intermediate-risk factor. Among these cases, 161 cases were treated with CCRT, 131 cases under-went single radiotherapy (RT), and 70 cases received unadjuvanted radiotherapy. The Kaplan-Meier method and the logrank test were adopted for univariate survival analysis, the binary logistic regression was used to analyze the recurrence risk, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate survival analysis. Results:The 3 and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 94.20% and 88.39%, respectively. The retrospective analysis showed that the risk factors of recurrence included tumor size ≥ 4 cm and poorly differentiated cancers( OR=3.287, 2.870, 95% CI: 1.366-7.905, 1.105-7.457, P<0.05). Compared with the treatment without adjuvant radiotherapy and RT, CCRT reduced the recurrence rate of tumors with tumor size of ≥ 4 cm, adenocarcinomas or adenosquamous carcinomas (pathological types), and poorly differentiated carcinomas( χ2=6.725-7.518, P<0.05). A multivariate analysis showed that the CCRT improved the recurrence-free survival ( HR=0.290, 95% CI: 0.128-0.659, P=0.003) and OS ( HR=0.370, 95% CI: 0.156-0.895, P=0.024). A subgroup analysis indicated that CCRT prolonged the OS of patients with tumor size ≥ 4 cm or poorly differentiated cancers compared to the patients receiving no radiotherapy or those treated with RT (χ 2=7.614, 5.964, P<0.05). Compared with the cases receiving single radiotherapy, those receiving CCRT did not suffer an increase in the incidence of hematology, radiation enteritis, and cystitis above grade 3 according to observation ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Among the intermediate-risk factors leading to the recurrence of postoperative cervical cancers, the factors of large primary tumors or poorly differentiated cancers affect the prognosis of patients.Compared with RT and the treatment without adjuvant radiotherapy, IMRT combined with concurrent chemotherapy can prolong the recurrence-free survival and overall survival of patients with large tumors or poorly differentiated cancers and adverse reactions induced are tolerable.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910095

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility of a novel, fully automated three-dimensional echocardiography right ventricular(RV) quantification software(3D Anto RV) to evaluate the RV volume and RV ejection fraction (RVEF) using artificial intelligence in patients after heart transplantation (HT) comparing with the gold reference-cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).Methods:Forty-six patients after HT who were scheduled for echocardiogram at their routine follow-up examinations and also agreed to undergo CMR examination within the following 24 hours in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from October 2018 to June 2019 were prospectively included. The right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESV), right ventricular stroke volume (RVSV) and RVEF of HT patients were measured by CMR 3D Auto RV and conventional semi-automated three-dimensional echocardiography RV quantification software (Tomtec 4D RV function 2.0). The results of the 3D Auto RV and conventional semi-automated Tomtec were respectively compared with CMR using paired two-tailed student′s t-tests, Pearson correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman analyses. Results:The feasibility of the 3D Auto RV was 87%.The fully automated analysis realized in 27 (59%) patients by 3D Auto RV and the analysis time required only (12±1)s. The results of the remaining 19 (41%) patients needed manual adjustment and the mean analysis time in manual adjustment was also <2 min that was shorter than the conventional semi-automated three-dimensional echocardiography RV quantification software[(108±15)s vs (160±34)s, P<0.001]. For the results of RV volumes: There were good correlations between the 3D Auto RV and CMR, conventional semi-automated Tomtec and CMR for the measurements of RVEDV, RVESV and RVSV ( r=0.77-0.84, all P<0.001). In addition, compared with CMR, although there were significantly underestimated RV volumes by the 3D Auto RV and conventional semi-automated Tomtec, the negative bias was smaller in the 3D Auto RV than the conventional semi-automated Tomtec. For the results of RVEF: the corresponding RVEF derived from 3D Auto RV and CMR showed an excellent correlation and consistency ( r=0.84, P<0.001; bias=-1.1%, Limit of agreement=-8.1%-6.0%). In addition, the correlations between the manual adjustment by 3D Auto RV and the CMR ( r=0.63-0.72, all P<0.001) was lower than the correlations between the 3D Auto RV and the CMR ( r=0.76-0.82, all P<0.001) for RV volumes and RVEF.Finally, 3D Auto RV had a good reproducibility. Conclusions:The new fully 3D Auto RV quantification software underestimate RV volumes that less than the conventional semi-automated Tomtec. And the 3D Auto RV quantification software can accurately evaluate the RVEF in patients after HT with rapid analysis and higher reproducibility, which may also support the routine adoption of this method during follow-ups of HT patients in the daily clinical workflow.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78) in glioma and its clinical value in evaluating clinical prognosis.Methods:A total of 163 patients with glioma who were surgically removed and confirmed after surgery in the People′s Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were collected from March 2012 to October 2015. Immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the expression of GRP78 in patients with different WHO grades of glioma. Chi square test was used to compare the expression of GRP78 in glioma patients with different age, gender and WHO grade. Whether COX regression analysis GRP78 can be used as an independent prognostic indicator was investigated. Time series test and Kaplan Meier analysis were used to analyze the survival time of patients with different GRP78 expression levels.Results:The expression of GRP78 was up-regulated in glioma, and the patients with high expression of GRP78 (positive expression/strongly positive expression) were more common in stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ than in stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ. The expression of GRP78 was not statistically significant in different age and gender groups ( P>0.05), but was statistically significant in different WHO stages ( P<0.01). GRP78 was an independent prognostic factor for glioma ( P = 0.045). The median survival time of patients with glioma was 28 months (95% CI 37.594 to 47.046), of which the survival time of patients with high expression of GRP78 was 15 months (95% CI 12.922 to 40.801); the survival time of patients with low expression of GRP78 was 35 months (95% CI 39.807 to 51.352), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The survival time of patients with high expression of GRP78 was significantly shorter than that of patients with low expression of GRP78 ( χ2 = 13.588, P<0.01). Conclusions:The expression level of GRP78 in glioma is significantly increased; high expression of GRP78 is more common in Ⅲ/Ⅳ glioma, and GRP78 can be used as an effective index to evaluate the poor prognosis of glioma.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the sequence characteristics,chromosomal location,gene structure,conserved motifs,phylogenetic evolution and differential gene expressions of the <italic>Cannabis sativa</italic> YABBY transcription factor family,in order to provide a molecular basis for in-depth study of <italic>YABBY</italic> gene function and theoretical support for the selection and breeding of superior hemp varieties. Method:The bio-informatics method was used to identify and analyze the <italic>CsYABBY </italic>gene family of the original hemp seed plant. PlantTFDB,ExPASy,MEME,CELLO,PLANTCARE and other online websites and TBtools,MEGA,DNAMAN and other software were used for prediction,visualization and analysis. Result:<italic>C. sativa</italic> contains 6 <italic>YABBY</italic> gene members distributed on 5 chromosomes,in which 5 members are localized in the nucleus and 1 in extracellular, they consist of 185-235 amino acids, and the isoelectric point is between 5.05 and 9.34, the molecular weight is between 20 582.45-26 282.7 Da. All of CsYABBY proteins contain two conserved domains, namely Zinc finger domain and YABBY domain. <italic>CsYABBY</italic> genes have multiple cis-acting elements,and their expressions differ in different tissues and cultivars. Conclusion:The expressions of CsYABBY may be affected by hormones and externally environmental factors. <italic>CsYABBY</italic> gene expressions are tissue-specific. In addition,YABBY transcription factor family may play an important role in regulating the development of <italic>C. sativa</italic> female flowers,and subfamilies YAB1 and YAB5 may be involved in the synthesis of cannabinoids.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of artemisinin and arteannuin B in different <italic>Artemisia annua</italic> germplasms, compare the differences of the two compounds among different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasm under the condition of hydroponic homogenization and explore the key factors affecting contents of principal compounds in different<italic> A. annua</italic> germplasms. Method:Seedlings from different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasms were arranged randomly and fed in a hydroponic cultivation system. Contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B were detected by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) with multi-reaction monitoring mode and ACQUITY UPLC<sup>®</sup> BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase was water-acetonitrile (95∶5, containing 0.1% formic acid, A) and acetonitrile-water (95∶5, containing 0.1% formic acid, B) for gradient elution (0-3.5 min, 25%-1%A; 3.5-3.6 min, 1%-25%A; 3.6-5.0 min, 25%A), the flow rate was set at 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The content differences of artemisinin and arteannuin B in different provenances of <italic>A. annua</italic> were detected and analyzed statistically. Result:The established method had high sensitivity and good separation. A significant difference of artemisinin and arteannuin B contents was observed in different germplasms under the same culture conditions, that is, under the constant temperature of 25 ℃ in hydroponics. The provenance with higher artemisinin content was Yunnan, and the content was 3 810.597 μg·g<sup>-1</sup>. The highest strain of arteannuin B was Shanxi provenance germplasm with the content of 1 691.747 μg·g<sup>-1</sup>. According to the content of artemisinin, the provenances were arranged as follows:Yunnan, Hainan, Hubei, Guangxi, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Beijing, Shandong, Heilongjiang, and Gansu province germplasms. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between artemisinin content and latitude of <italic>A. annua</italic>, but there was no significant correlation between contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B and longitude. Conclusion:The contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B among different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasms were significantly different under the same culture environment, and the dominant factors affecting biosynthesis and accumulation of artemisinin and arteannuin B in <italic>A. annua</italic> may be the genetic background, suggesting that germplasm improvement is the key factor to improve the medicinal quality of <italic>A. annua</italic> in subsequent cultivation.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896254

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Most gene mutations related to bladder cancer are dominantly acquired gene mutations and are not inherited. Previous comparative transcriptome analysis of urinary bladder cancer and control samples has revealed a set of genes that may play a role in tumor progression. Here we set out to investigate further the expression of two candidate genes, centromere protein U (CENPU) and mitochondrial ribosomal protein s28 (MRPS28) to better understand their role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. Our results confirmed that CENPU is up-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues at mRNA and protein levels. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies in T24 human urinary bladder cancer cell line revealed a hierarchical relationship between CENPU and MRPS28 in the regulation of cell viability, migration and invasion activity. CENPU expression was also up-regulated in in vivo nude mice xenograft model of bladder cancer and mice overexpressing CENPU had significantly higher tumor volume. In summary, our findings identify CENPU and MRPS28 in the molecular pathogenesis of bladder cancer and suggest that CENPU enhances the progression of bladder cancer by promoting MRPS28 expression.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis are major pathological manifestations observed in left ventricular remodeling induced by angiotensin II (AngII). Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been reported to ameliorate cardiac dysfunction and myocardial fibrosis in myocardial infarction (MI) through mechano-transduction and its downstream pathways. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether LIPUS could exert a protective effect by ameliorating AngII-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis and if so, to further elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#We used AngII to mimic animal and cell culture models of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. LIPUS irradiation was applied in vivo for 20 min every 2 d from one week before mini-pump implantation to four weeks after mini-pump implantation, and in vitro for 20 min on each of two occasions 6 h apart. Cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis levels were then evaluated by echocardiographic, histopathological, and molecular biological methods.@*RESULTS@#Our results showed that LIPUS could ameliorate left ventricular remodeling in vivo and cardiac fibrosis in vitro by reducing AngII-induced release of inflammatory cytokines, but the protective effects on cardiac hypertrophy were limited in vitro. Given that LIPUS increased the expression of caveolin-1 in response to mechanical stimulation, we inhibited caveolin-1 activity with pyrazolopyrimidine 2 (pp2) in vivo and in vitro. LIPUS-induced downregulation of inflammation was reversed and the anti-fibrotic effects of LIPUS were absent.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results indicated that LIPUS could ameliorate AngII-induced cardiac fibrosis by alleviating inflammation via a caveolin-1-dependent pathway, providing new insights for the development of novel therapeutic apparatus in clinical practice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise in the treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome.@*METHODS@#From September 2017 to June 2019, 53 eligible cases of greater trochanteric pain syndrome were randomly divided into observation group (29 cases) and control group (24 cases). In observation group, there were 8 males and 21 females, aged from 38 to 62 years old with an average of (49.96±6.39) years old; the course of disease ranged from 6 to 13 months with an average of (8.58±1.99) months;treated with focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise. In control group, there were 5 males and 19 females, aged from 39 to 62 years old with an average of (52.79±5.86) years old;the course of disease ranged from 6 to 14 months with an average of (9.04±2.51) months;treated with centrifugal exercise alone. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and hip Harris score were measured before ESWT treatment and at 1, 2, and 6 months to evaluate relieve degree of pain and functional recovery of hip joint, respectively.@*RESULTS@#At 1 month after treatment, there were no significant differences in VAS, hip Harris score and treatment success rate (all @*CONCLUSION@#In treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome, focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise could significantly relieve symptoms of lateral hip pain, improve functional recovery of hip joint with good safety. This treatment strategy is worthy of application and promotion in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthralgia , Bursitis , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Female , Hip , Hip Joint , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921649

ABSTRACT

The present study observed the effect of Guanxin Zhitong Capsules(GXZT) on the lipotoxicity of vascular endothelial cells and investigated the mechanism of GXZT in atherosclerosis treatment. The lipotoxicity model in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) was induced by palmitic acid(PA) stimulation. These cells were divided into a normal control group(NC, 15% normal serum), a model group(PA, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% normal serum), a high-dose GXZT group(GXZT-H, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% GXZT-medicated serum), a medium-dose GXZT group(GXZT-M, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+10% GXZT-medicated serum+5% normal serum) and a low-dose GXZT group(GXZT-L, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+5% GXZT-medicated serum+10% normal serum). HUVECs were detected for cell viability by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay, apoptosis by flow cytometry, mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP) by JC-1 labeled laser scanning confocal microscopy, and total and phosphorylated proteins of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2 in the mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) signaling pathway by Western blot. The phosphorylated level was calcula-ted. Compared with the NC group, the PA group showed decreased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01), elevated apoptosis(P<0.01), and up-regulated phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). Compared with the PA group, the GXZT-H, GXZT-M, and GXZT-L groups showed increased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01), reduced apoptosis(P<0.01), and down-regulated protein expression and phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 in the MAPK signaling pathway(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). In conclusion, the results suggest that GXZT functions via blocking MAPK signaling pathway to relieve the damage of HUVECs induced by PA.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Capsules , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
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